A Middle Class Without Democracy by Jie Chen

A Middle Class Without Democracy
  • Title : A Middle Class Without Democracy
  • Author : Jie Chen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199324085
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What kind of role can the middle class play in potential democratization in such an undemocratic, late developing country as China? To answer this profound political as well as theoretical question, Jie Chen explores attitudinal and behavioral orientation of China's new middle class to democracy and democratization. Chen's work is based on a unique set of data collected from a probability-sample survey and in-depth interviews of residents in three major Chinese cities, Beijing, Chengdu and Xi'an--each of which represents a distinct level of economic development in urban China-in 2007 and 2008. The empirical findings derived from this data set confirm that (1) compared to other social classes, particularly lower classes, the new Chinese middle class-especially those employed in the state apparatus-tends to be more supportive of the current Party-state but less supportive of democratic values and institutions; (2) the new middle class's attitudes toward democracy may be accounted for by this class's close ideational and institutional ties with the state, and its perceived socioeconomic wellbeing, among other factors; (3) the lack of support for democracy among the middle class tends to cause this social class to act in favor of the current state but in opposition to democratic changes. The most important political implication is that while China's middle class is not likely to serve as the harbinger of democracy now, its current attitudes toward democracy may change in the future. Such a crucial shift in the middle class's orientation toward democracy can take place, especially when its dependence on the Party-state decreases and perception of its own social and economic statuses turns pessimistic. The key theoretical implication from the findings suggests that the attitudinal and behavioral orientations of the middle class-as a whole and as a part-toward democratic change in late developing countries are contingent upon its relationship with the incumbent state and its perceived social/economic wellbeing, and the middle class's support for democracy in these countries is far from inevitable.


A Century of Student Movements in China by Xiaobing Li,Qiang Fang

A Century of Student Movements in China
  • Title : A Century of Student Movements in China
  • Author : Xiaobing Li,Qiang Fang
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • ISBN Code : 1793609179
  • Pages : 342
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this book the authors offer their unique perspectives on the important roles Chinese students and intellectuals played in the shaping of the twentieth-century China. Their answers to these pivotal questions explore new nationalistic spirit, modern world-views, and willingness of self-sacrifice, which had attributed to the spontaneous actions of the students as a “New Culture” emerged during the May Fourth Movement. These articles show how China nurtured these spontaneous student movements, even though the Nationalist Party in the Republic of China and the Communist Party in the People’s Republic had exerted tight control over schools. Both governments established organizations as well as operations among students that effectively turned some of the student movements into a political instrument by the parties for their own agenda.


The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth by Michael Mandelbaum

The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth
  • Title : The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth
  • Author : Michael Mandelbaum
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190935936
  • Pages : 218
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth, Michael Mandelbaum examines the peaceful quarter century after the end of the Cold War. He describes how the period came about and why it ended, arguing that individual countries overturned peaceful, political, and military arrangements in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, thereby affecting the rest of the world. He also probes prospects for the revival of peace in the future and stresses the importance of democracy and civil liberties across borders.


Driving toward Modernity by Jun Zhang

Driving toward Modernity
  • Title : Driving toward Modernity
  • Author : Jun Zhang
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1501738410
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In Driving toward Modernity, Jun Zhang ethnographically explores the entanglement between the rise of the automotive regime and emergence of the middle class in South China. Focusing on the Pearl River Delta, one of the nation's wealthiest regions, Zhang shows how private cars have shaped everyday middle-class sociality, solidarity, and subjectivity, and how the automotive regime has helped make the new middle classes of the PRC. By carefully analyzing how physical and social mobility intertwines, Driving toward Modernity paints a nuanced picture of modern Chinese life, comprising the continuity and rupture as well as the structure and agency of China's great transformation.


We Have Never Been Middle Class by Hadas Weiss

We Have Never Been Middle Class
  • Title : We Have Never Been Middle Class
  • Author : Hadas Weiss
  • Publisher : Verso
  • ISBN Code : 1788733916
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Taking apart the ideology of the "middle class" Tidings of a shrinking middle class in one part of the world and its expansion in another absorb our attention, but seldom do we question the category itself. We Have Never Been Middle Class proposes that the middle class is an ideology. Tracing this ideology up to the age of financialization, it exposes the fallacy in the belief that we can all ascend or descend as a result of our aspirational and precautionary investments in property and education. Ethnographic accounts from Germany, Israel, the USA and elsewhere illustrate how this belief orients us, in our private lives as much as in our politics, toward accumulation-enhancing yet self-undermining goals. This original meshing of anthropology and critical theory elucidates capitalism by way of its archetypal actors.


China's Authoritarian Path to Development by Liang Tang

China's Authoritarian Path to Development
  • Title : China's Authoritarian Path to Development
  • Author : Liang Tang
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN Code : 1317704142
  • Pages : 264
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book examines the various stages of China’s development, in the economic, social, and political fields, relating theories and models of development to what is actually occurring in China, and discussing how China’s development is likely to progress going forward. It argues that China’s modernization hitherto can be characterized as "authoritarian development" – a fusion of mixed economic institutions of varying types of ownership with social stability and political cohesiveness – and that the present phase, where more emphasis is being given to social issues, is likely to lead on to a new phase where a more mature civil society and a more extensive middle class are likely to look for greater democratization. It presents an in-depth analysis of China’s changing social structure and civil society, explores the forces for and processes of democratization, and assesses the prospects for further democratization in the light of changing social structures.


Fifteen Years After Tiananmen by United States,United States. Congressional-Executive Commission on China

Fifteen Years After Tiananmen
  • Title : Fifteen Years After Tiananmen
  • Author : United States,United States. Congressional-Executive Commission on China
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 55
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Third Wave by Samuel P. Huntington

The Third Wave
  • Title : The Third Wave
  • Author : Samuel P. Huntington
  • Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
  • ISBN Code : 0806186046
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Between 1974 and 1990 more than thirty countries in southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic systems of government. This global democratic revolution is probably the most important political trend in the late twentieth century. In The Third Wave, Samuel P. Huntington analyzes the causes and nature of these democratic transitions, evaluates the prospects for stability of the new democracies, and explores the possibility of more countries becoming democratic. The recent transitions, he argues, are the third major wave of democratization in the modem world. Each of the two previous waves was followed by a reverse wave in which some countries shifted back to authoritarian government. Using concrete examples, empirical evidence, and insightful analysis, Huntington provides neither a theory nor a history of the third wave, but an explanation of why and how it occurred. Factors responsible for the democratic trend include the legitimacy dilemmas of authoritarian regimes; economic and social development; the changed role of the Catholic Church; the impact of the United States, the European Community, and the Soviet Union; and the "snowballing" phenomenon: change in one country stimulating change in others. Five key elite groups within and outside the nondemocratic regime played roles in shaping the various ways democratization occurred. Compromise was key to all democratizations, and elections and nonviolent tactics also were central. New democracies must deal with the "torturer problem" and the "praetorian problem" and attempt to develop democratic values and processes. Disillusionment with democracy, Huntington argues, is necessary to consolidating democracy. He concludes the book with an analysis of the political, economic, and cultural factors that will decide whether or not the third wave continues. Several "Guidelines for Democratizers" offer specific, practical suggestions for initiating and carrying out reform. Huntington's emphasis on practical application makes this book a valuable tool for anyone engaged in the democratization process. At this volatile time in history, Huntington's assessment of the processes of democratization is indispensable to understanding the future of democracy in the world.


Abstracts of Public Administration, Development, and Environment by N.A

Abstracts of Public Administration, Development, and Environment
  • Title : Abstracts of Public Administration, Development, and Environment
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Constructing Democracy and Markets by N.A

Constructing Democracy and Markets
  • Title : Constructing Democracy and Markets
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 96
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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China's Emerging Middle Class by Cheng Li

China's Emerging Middle Class
  • Title : China's Emerging Middle Class
  • Author : Cheng Li
  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN Code : 0815704054
  • Pages : 396
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Decades ago, there was no distinct middle class in the People's Republic of China. Any meaningful discussion of China's economy, politics, or society must take into account the rapid emergence and explosive growth of the Chinese middle class. This book details the origins and characteristics of this dramatic change.


Democracy in East Asia by Larry Jay Diamond,Marc F. Plattner

Democracy in East Asia
  • Title : Democracy in East Asia
  • Author : Larry Jay Diamond,Marc F. Plattner
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 243
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Democracy in Retreat by Joshua Kurlantzick

Democracy in Retreat
  • Title : Democracy in Retreat
  • Author : Joshua Kurlantzick
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0300175388
  • Pages : 287
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Contends that the spate of retreating democracies over the past two decades is not just a series of exceptions, but instead an indicator of democracy in worldwide decline, in a book that looks at a number of countries as examples. 10,000 first printing.


Asiatische Studien by N.A

Asiatische Studien
  • Title : Asiatische Studien
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The transformation of Chinese socialism by Chun Lin

The transformation of Chinese socialism
  • Title : The transformation of Chinese socialism
  • Author : Chun Lin
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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China's Changing Political Landscape by Cheng Li

China's Changing Political Landscape
  • Title : China's Changing Political Landscape
  • Author : Cheng Li
  • Publisher : Brookings Inst Press
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 342
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Leading experts examine the prospects for democracy in the world's most populous nation and break down a number of issues in Chinese domestic politics, including changing leadership dynamics, the rise of business elites, increased demand for the rule oflaw, and shifting civil-military relations"--Provided by publisher.


Democracy and Development by Adam Przeworski,R. MICHAEL ALVAREZ,Michael E. Alvarez,Jose Antonio Cheibub,Boeschenstein Professor of Political Economy and Public Policy and Professor of Political Science Jose Antonio Cheibub,Fernando Limongi,Fernando Papaterra Limongi Neto

Democracy and Development
  • Title : Democracy and Development
  • Author : Adam Przeworski,R. MICHAEL ALVAREZ,Michael E. Alvarez,Jose Antonio Cheibub,Boeschenstein Professor of Political Economy and Public Policy and Professor of Political Science Jose Antonio Cheibub,Fernando Limongi,Fernando Papaterra Limongi Neto
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521793797
  • Pages : 321
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Examines impact of political regimes on economic development between 1950 and 1990.


Issues & Studies by N.A

Issues & Studies
  • Title : Issues & Studies
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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China's Changing Political Landscape by Cheng Li

China's Changing Political Landscape
  • Title : China's Changing Political Landscape
  • Author : Cheng Li
  • Publisher : Brookings Inst Press
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 342
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Leading experts examine the prospects for democracy in the world's most populous nation and break down a number of issues in Chinese domestic politics, including changing leadership dynamics, the rise of business elites, increased demand for the rule oflaw, and shifting civil-military relations"--Provided by publisher.


Provincial China by N.A

Provincial China
  • Title : Provincial China
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Prospect Journal by N.A

Prospect Journal
  • Title : Prospect Journal
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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Obstacles to Democratization in Singapore by Erik Charles Paul

Obstacles to Democratization in Singapore
  • Title : Obstacles to Democratization in Singapore
  • Author : Erik Charles Paul
  • Publisher : Monash Asia Inst
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 41
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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India, Southeast Asia, and the United States by Satu P. Limaye,Ahmed Mukarram

India, Southeast Asia, and the United States
  • Title : India, Southeast Asia, and the United States
  • Author : Satu P. Limaye,Ahmed Mukarram
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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East Asia policy by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific

East Asia policy
  • Title : East Asia policy
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific
  • Publisher : Government Printing Office
  • ISBN Code : 9780160448119
  • Pages : 75
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Indonesian Quarterly by N.A

The Indonesian Quarterly
  • Title : The Indonesian Quarterly
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Unfolding Lotus by Jon Vanden Heuvel,Everette E. Dennis

The Unfolding Lotus
  • Title : The Unfolding Lotus
  • Author : Jon Vanden Heuvel,Everette E. Dennis
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 212
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Profiles of the media, especially print and broadcasting, and the environment in which they operate today in 10 countries.


Competitive Authoritarianism by Steven Levitsky,Lucan A. Way

Competitive Authoritarianism
  • Title : Competitive Authoritarianism
  • Author : Steven Levitsky,Lucan A. Way
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1139491482
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds that where social, economic, and technocratic ties to the West were extensive, as in Eastern Europe and the Americas, the external cost of abuse led incumbents to cede power rather than crack down, which led to democratization. Where ties to the West were limited, external democratizing pressure was weaker and countries rarely democratized. In these cases, regime outcomes hinged on the character of state and ruling party organizations. Where incumbents possessed developed and cohesive coercive party structures, they could thwart opposition challenges, and competitive authoritarian regimes survived; where incumbents lacked such organizational tools, regimes were unstable but rarely democratized.


Development First, Democracy Later? by Anna Lekvall

Development First, Democracy Later?
  • Title : Development First, Democracy Later?
  • Author : Anna Lekvall
  • Publisher : International Idea
  • ISBN Code : 9789186565992
  • Pages : 150
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book explores how politics and democracy play out in reality in Africa as the major aid-receiving continent. It points to the seriously challenged political situations found in aid-recipient countries. Moreover, it looks at the Paris Agenda aid modalities from a democracy perspective. It illustrates the on-and-off relationship with democracy concerns in the aid system. In addition, the book points to the challenges of aid, which are too often based on a wrongful assumption that development comes first and democracy only (hopefully) later. The book brings into question the fundamental construction of the aid system and the values that drive it. While making a push for seeing the value of democracy on its own merits, as well as its advantages for development, the book poses some serious questions about the way the aid system is built and argues for substantive changes in the aid landscape. Issues raised are relevant for many discussions -- from China as a development model, to the entire aid system -- and not least for the debate on the post-2015 Millennium Development Goals. This is an outspoken, insiders account. It aspires to be broadly accessible and engaging and to provoke debate on an issue which is still, remarkably, swept under the carpet. The critique is substantiated with facts and research, but also illustrated with situations taken from real life in Africa and international aid discussions.


Values in Conflict by John Dickey Montgomery

Values in Conflict
  • Title : Values in Conflict
  • Author : John Dickey Montgomery
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 32
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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World Link by N.A

World Link
  • Title : World Link
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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Living Democracy by Conference for the Study of Political Thought. Atlantic Region,C. Michael MacMillan,Mount Saint Vincent University. Department of Political Studies

Living Democracy
  • Title : Living Democracy
  • Author : Conference for the Study of Political Thought. Atlantic Region,C. Michael MacMillan,Mount Saint Vincent University. Department of Political Studies
  • Publisher : Halifax, N.S. : Mount Saint Vincent University
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth by Benjamin M. Friedman

The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth
  • Title : The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth
  • Author : Benjamin M. Friedman
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • ISBN Code : 0307773450
  • Pages : 592
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

From the author of Day of Reckoning, the acclaimed critique of Ronald Reagan’s economic policy (“Every citizen should read it,” said The New York Times): a persuasive, wide-ranging argument that economic growth provides far more than material benefits. In clear-cut prose, Benjamin M. Friedman examines the political and social histories of the large Western democracies–particularly of the United States since the Civil War–to demonstrate the fact that incomes on the rise lead to more open and democratic societies. He explains that growth, rather than simply a high standard of living, is key to effecting political and social liberalization in the third world, and shows that even the wealthiest of nations puts its democratic values at risk when income levels stand still. Merely being rich is no protection against a turn toward rigidity and intolerance when a country’s citizens lose the sense that they are getting ahead. With concrete policy suggestions for pursuing growth at home and promoting worldwide economic expansion, this volume is a major contribution to the ongoing debate about the effects of economic growth and globalization.


Annual Review of Political Science by N.A

Annual Review of Political Science
  • Title : Annual Review of Political Science
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The mission of Annual review of political science is to provide systematic, periodic examinations of the field through critical authoritative reviews. The comprehensive critical review not only summarizes a topic but also roots out errors of fact or concept and provokes discussion that will lead to new research activity. Each review contains title, author(s), key words, abstracts, review and bibliography.


Terrorism by Robert A. Friedlander,Howard Sidney Levie,Donald J. Musch,Yonah Alexander,Douglas C. Lovelace (Jr.)

Terrorism
  • Title : Terrorism
  • Author : Robert A. Friedlander,Howard Sidney Levie,Donald J. Musch,Yonah Alexander,Douglas C. Lovelace (Jr.)
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"An extensive collection of significant documents covering all major and minor issues and events regarding terrorism. Government reports, executive orders, speeches, court proceedings, and position papers are presented in full text reprint"--Oceana Website.


Countries and Concepts by Michael G. Roskin

Countries and Concepts
  • Title : Countries and Concepts
  • Author : Michael G. Roskin
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 524
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Introduces the concepts and vocabulary of Comparative Politics through a country-by-country analysis and recent case studies. By demonstrating that political life is universal and comparable, the text also proves that no country is really alien, but rather that all countries are understandable. Identifies the key institutions , political culture and patterns of interaction in Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Japan, China, Brazil, South Africa and Iran. For individuals interested in understanding the inner workings of 9 major, contemporary political systems.


New Zealand International Review by N.A

New Zealand International Review
  • Title : New Zealand International Review
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Security, Democracy, and Economic Liberalization by Sheldon W. Simon,Donald K. Emmerson

Security, Democracy, and Economic Liberalization
  • Title : Security, Democracy, and Economic Liberalization
  • Author : Sheldon W. Simon,Donald K. Emmerson
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 52
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Politics of Inclusive Development by Sam Hickey,Kunal Sen,Badru Bukenya

The Politics of Inclusive Development
  • Title : The Politics of Inclusive Development
  • Author : Sam Hickey,Kunal Sen,Badru Bukenya
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198722567
  • Pages : 396
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This collection brings together internationally-renowned experts to offer the broadest and most comprehensive review available regarding how politics shapes inclusive development in the global south. Each aspect of development is covered, namely social, economic, environmental and cultural, with each substantive chapter offering a systematic review of the evidence in the relevant field. The collection also offers new easy of thinking about the politics ofdevelopment, and a range of practical suggestions for development policy and practice.


Tax Notes International by N.A

Tax Notes International
  • Title : Tax Notes International
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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American Doctoral Dissertations by N.A

American Doctoral Dissertations
  • Title : American Doctoral Dissertations
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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