Alexander the Great by Hugh Bowden

Alexander the Great
  • Title : Alexander the Great
  • Author : Hugh Bowden
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198706154
  • Pages : 120
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In 336 BC Alexander the Great became king of Macedon. During his twelve-year reign he conquered the Achaemenid Persian Empire, the largest to have yet existed, and in the process had a profound effect on the world he moved through. In this examination of his life and career, Hugh Bowden explores his cultural and historical legacy.


Alexander the Great: A Very Short Introduction by Hugh Bowden

Alexander the Great: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Alexander the Great: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Hugh Bowden
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191016357
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Alexander the Great became king of Macedon in 336 BC, when he was only 20 years old, and died at the age of 32, twelve years later. During his reign he conquered the Achaemenid Persian Empire, the largest empire that had ever existed, leading his army from Greece to Pakistan, and from the Libyan desert to the steppes of Central Asia. His meteoric career, as leader of an alliance of Greek cities, Pharaoh of Egypt, and King of Persia, had a profound effect on the world he moved through. Even in his lifetime his achievements became legendary and in the centuries that following his story was told and retold throughout Europe and the East. Greek became the language of power in the Eastern Mediterranean and much of the Near East, as powerful Macedonian dynasts carved up Alexander's empire into kingdoms of their own, underlaying the flourishing Hellenistic civilization that emerged after his death. But what do we really know about Alexander? In this Very Short Introduction, Hugh Bowden goes behind the usual historical accounts of Alexander's life and career. Instead, he focuses on the evidence from Alexander's own time — letters from officials in Afghanistan, Babylonian diaries, records from Egyptian temples — to try and understand how Alexander appeared to those who encountered him. In doing so he also demonstrates the profound influence the legends of his life have had on our historical understanding and the controversy they continue to generate worldwide. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Alexander the Great and His Empire by Pierre Briant,Amélie Kuhrt

Alexander the Great and His Empire
  • Title : Alexander the Great and His Empire
  • Author : Pierre Briant,Amélie Kuhrt
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691141940
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

First published under the title Alexandre le Grand. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1974.


The Hellenistic Age by Peter Thonemann

The Hellenistic Age
  • Title : The Hellenistic Age
  • Author : Peter Thonemann
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198746040
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The three centuries which followed the conquests of Alexander are perhaps the most thrilling of all periods of ancient history. This was an age of cultural globalization: in the third century BC, a single language carried you from the Rhone to the Indus. A Celt from the lower Danube could serve in the mercenary army of a Macedonian king ruling in Egypt, and a Greek philosopher from Cyprus could compare the religions of the Brahmins and the Jews on the basis of first-hand knowledge of both. Kings from Sicily to Tajikistan struggled to meet the challenges of ruling multi-ethnic states, and Greek city-states came together under the earliest federal governments known to history. The scientists of Ptolemaic Alexandria measured the circumference of the earth, while pioneering Greek Argonauts explored the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic coast of Africa. Drawing on inscriptions, papyri, coinage, poetry, art, and archaeology, in this Very Short Introduction Peter Thonemann opens up the history and culture of the vast Hellenistic world, from the death of Alexander the Great (323 BC) to the Roman conquest of the Ptolemaic kingdom (30 BC). ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Alexander the Great by Philip Freeman

Alexander the Great
  • Title : Alexander the Great
  • Author : Philip Freeman
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN Code : 1416592814
  • Pages : 416
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An authoritative and dramatic portrait set against a backdrop of the war-torn Greek empire draws on extensive research to cover such topics as Alexander's military prowess, premature death and inspiration to subsequent historical conquerors.


Babylonia: a Very Short Introduction by Trevor Bryce

Babylonia: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Babylonia: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Trevor Bryce
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198726473
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The history of Ancient Babylonia in ancient Mesopatamia is epic. After playing host to three great empires, the Hammurabic and Kassite empires, and the Neo-Babylonian Empire ruled by Nebuchadnezzar, it was conquered by the Persians. Entered triumphantly by Alexander the Great, it later provided the setting for the Conquerer's deathbed. Squabbled over by his heirs, Babylonia was subsequently dominated by the Parthian and Roman empires. In this Very Short Introduction, Trevor Bryce takes us on a journey of more than 2,000 years across the history and civilization of ancient Babylonia, from the emergence of its chief city, Babylon, as a modest village on the Euphrates in the 3rd millennium BC through successive phases of triumph, decline, and resurgence until its royal capital faded into obscurity in the Roman imperial era. Exploring key historical events as well as the day-to-day life of an ancient Babylonian, Bryce provides a comprehensive guide to one of history's most profound civilizations. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Alexander the Great in His World by Carol G. Thomas

Alexander the Great in His World
  • Title : Alexander the Great in His World
  • Author : Carol G. Thomas
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 1405178280
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Alexander the Great is one of the most celebrated figures ofantiquity. In this book, Carol G. Thomas places this powerfulfigure within the context of his time, place, culture, and ancestryin order to discover what influences shaped his life andcareer. The book begins with an exploration of the Macedonia thatconditioned the lives of its inhabitants. It also traces suchinfluences on Alexander's life as his royal Argead ancestry, hisfather, Philip II, and his mother, Olympias. The author examinesAlexander's engagement with Greek culture, especially hisrelationship with Aristotle, and contemplates how other societalfactors - especially the highly militarized Macedonian kingdom andthe nature of Macedonia's relationship with neighboring states -contributed to his achievement. What was the significance of these influences on the man whosucceeded in conquering most of the known world from the AdriaticSea to the Indus River? The author focuses on this question inexploring ancient landscapes and resurrecting key figures fromantiquity in order to penetrate the motivation, goals, and innerbeing of Alexander the Great.


The Elements: A Very Short Introduction by Philip Ball

The Elements: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Elements: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Philip Ball
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578258
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This Very Short Introduction traces the history and cultural impact of the elements on humankind, and examines why people have long sought to identify the substances around them. Looking beyond the Periodic Table, the author examines our relationship with matter, from the uncomplicated vision of the Greek philosophers, who believed there were four elements - earth, air, fire, and water - to the work of modern-day scientists in creating elements such as hassium and meitnerium. Packed with anecdotes, The Elements is a highly engaging and entertaining exploration of the fundamental question: what is the world made from? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Borders: A Very Short Introduction by Alexander C. Diener,Joshua Hagen

Borders: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Borders: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Alexander C. Diener,Joshua Hagen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199912653
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Compelling and accessible, this Very Short Introduction challenges the perception of borders as passive lines on a map, revealing them instead to be integral forces in the economic, social, political, and environmental processes that shape our lives. Highlighting the historical development and continued relevance of borders, Alexander Diener and Joshua Hagen offer a powerful counterpoint to the idea of an imminent borderless world, underscoring the impact borders have on a range of issues, such as economic development, inter- and intra-state conflict, global terrorism, migration, nationalism, international law, environmental sustainability, and natural resource management. Diener and Hagen demonstrate how and why borders have been, are currently, and will undoubtedly remain hot topics across the social sciences and in the global headlines for years to come. This compact volume will appeal to a broad, interdisciplinary audience of scholars and students, including geographers, political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists, historians, international relations and law experts, as well as lay readers interested in understanding current events.


The Trojan War: A Very Short Introduction by Eric H. Cline

The Trojan War: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Trojan War: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Eric H. Cline
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199760276
  • Pages : 130
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This introduction considers whether the Trojan war actually took place and whether archaeologists have discovered the site of ancient Troy.


The Roman Republic: A Very Short Introduction by David M. Gwynn

The Roman Republic: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Roman Republic: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : David M. Gwynn
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191642355
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The rise and fall of the Roman Republic occupies a special place in the history of Western civilization. From humble beginnings on the seven hills beside the Tiber, the city of Rome grew to dominate the ancient Mediterranean. Led by her senatorial aristocracy, Republican armies defeated Carthage and the successor kingdoms of Alexander the Great, and brought the surrounding peoples to east and west into the Roman sphere. Yet the triumph of the Republic was also its tragedy. In this Very Short Introduction, David M. Gwynn provides a fascinating introduction to the history of the Roman Republic and its literary and material sources, bringing to life the culture and society of Republican Rome and its ongoing significance within our modern world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Alexander the Great by Paul Cartledge

Alexander the Great
  • Title : Alexander the Great
  • Author : Paul Cartledge
  • Publisher : Pan
  • ISBN Code : 1743291973
  • Pages : 356
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

At eighteen Alexander had conquered mainland Greece, was crowned King of Macedonia at twenty and by twenty-six he had made himself master of the once mighty Persian Empire. By the time of his death, aged only thirty-three, in 323BCE he was ruler of the known world and was being worshipped as a god by the Greeks, both at Babylon, where he died, and further west, among the Greek cities of the Asiatic seaboard. The fruit of a lifetime's scholarship and meticulous research, this is an outstanding biography of one of the most remarkable rulers in history.


Alexander the Great by Thomas R. Martin,Christopher W. Blackwell

Alexander the Great
  • Title : Alexander the Great
  • Author : Thomas R. Martin,Christopher W. Blackwell
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0521767482
  • Pages : 193
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book explains what made Alexander 'Great' according to the people and expectations of his time and place.


Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C. by Peter Green

Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C.
  • Title : Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C.
  • Author : Peter Green
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780520071667
  • Pages : 617
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Looks at the background, life, and military leadership of this ruler of the ancient world


Alexander the Great by Robin Lane Fox

Alexander the Great
  • Title : Alexander the Great
  • Author : Robin Lane Fox
  • Publisher : Penguin Books
  • ISBN Code : 9780143035138
  • Pages : 568
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Explores the ambitions and achievements of Alexander the Great and the age in which he lived.


The Book of Mormon: A Very Short Introduction by Terryl L. Givens

The Book of Mormon: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Book of Mormon: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Terryl L. Givens
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199708940
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

With over 140 million copies in print, and serving as the principal proselytizing tool of one of the world's fastest growing faiths, the Book of Mormon is undoubtedly one of the most influential religious texts produced in the western world. Written by Terryl Givens, a leading authority on Mormonism, this compact volume offers the only concise, accessible introduction to this extraordinary work. Givens examines the Book of Mormon first and foremost in terms of the claims that its narrators make for its historical genesis, its purpose as a sacred text, and its meaning for an audience which shifts over the course of the history it unfolds. The author traces five governing themes in particular--revelation, Christ, Zion, scripture, and covenant--and analyzes the Book's central doctrines and teachings. Some of these resonate with familiar nineteenth-century religious preoccupations; others consist of radical and unexpected takes on topics from the fall of Man to Christ's mortal ministries and the meaning of atonement. Givens also provides samples of a cast of characters that number in the hundreds, and analyzes representative passages from a work that encompasses tragedy, poetry, sermons, visions, family histories and military chronicles. Finally, this introduction surveys the contested origins and production of a work held by millions to be scripture, and reviews the scholarly debates that address questions of the record's historicity. Here then is an accessible guide to what is, by any measure, an indispensable key to understanding Mormonism. But it is also an introduction to a compelling and complex text that is too often overshadowed by the controversies that surround it. About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.


Darius in the Shadow of Alexander by Pierre Briant

Darius in the Shadow of Alexander
  • Title : Darius in the Shadow of Alexander
  • Author : Pierre Briant
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0674493095
  • Pages : 579
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Darius III ruled over the Persian Empire and was the most powerful king of his time, yet he remains obscure. In the first book devoted to the historical memory of Darius III, Pierre Briant describes a man depicted in ancient sources as a decadent Oriental who lacked Western masculine virtues and was in every way the opposite of Alexander the Great.


Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction by Jack A. Goldstone

Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Jack A. Goldstone
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199858500
  • Pages : 148
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume places recent events in Iraq and Afghanistan to Tunisia and Egypt in historical context. It provides a history of revolutions and insurgencies, an introduction to the way social scientists think about the causes and outcomes of revolutions, and an explanation of their significance in historical and political change. Jack A. Goldstone begins with a brief history of revolutions and insurgencies, from the revolutions that brought democracy to Greek city-states and led to thefounding of Rome through the major peasant revolts of the Middle Ages in Europe and China, and the Independence revolts in the Americas. He also touches upon the insurgencies in Latin America (Zapatistas and FARC) and Asia (in Malaysia and the Philippines), whose failure is instructive in understanding why revolts succeed or fail. The book then discusses types of revolutions and their causes; the radical social revolutions in France, Russia, and China; the revolutions for independence in Indiaand Algeria; revolutions against dictators in Mexico, Cuba, and Iran; and the so-called color revolutions in Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, and Georgia. Goldstone considers some of the key revolutionary leaders of history where they came from, what inspired them, and how they changed their societies. A diverse range of popular groups have carried revolutions: peasants, miners, urban craftsmen, professionals, students, and mothers, all treated here. A chapter on insurgency and counter-insurgencycovers Iraq and Afghanistan. Finally, Goldstone grapples with the outcomes of revolutions: whether they are associated with the rise of freedom and democracy, devastating ideological dictatorships, or something inconclusive. He examines the historical legacies of revolutions, in the areas of freedom, economic growth, women's rights, and minority rights. Revolutions have succeeded enough to feed dreams of freedom, but failed often enough to prompt caution.


Alexander the Great and His Empire by Pierre Briant

Alexander the Great and His Empire
  • Title : Alexander the Great and His Empire
  • Author : Pierre Briant
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691154457
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This is the first publication in English of Pierre Briant's classic short history of Alexander the Great's conquest of the Persian empire, from the Mediterranean to Central Asia. Eschewing a conventional biographical focus, this is the only book in any language that sets the rise of Alexander's short-lived empire within the broad context of ancient Near Eastern history under Achaemenid Persian rule, as well as against Alexander's Macedonian background. As a renowned historian of both the Macedonians and the Persians, Briant is uniquely able to assess Alexander's significance from the viewpoint of both the conquerors and the conquered, and to trace what changed and what stayed the same as Alexander and the Hellenistic world gained ascendancy over Darius's Persia. After a short account of Alexander's life before his landing in Asia Minor, the book gives a brief overview of the major stages of his conquest. This background sets the stage for a series of concise thematic chapters that explore the origins and objectives of the conquest; the nature and significance of the resistance it met; the administration, defense, and exploitation of the conquered lands; the varying nature of Alexander's relations with the Macedonians, Greeks, and Persians; and the problems of succession following Alexander's death. For this translation, Briant has written a new foreword and conclusion, updated the main text and the thematic annotated bibliography, and added a substantial appendix in which he assesses the current state of scholarship on Alexander and suggests some directions for future research. More than ever, this masterful work provides an original and important perspective on Alexander and his empire.


The American Presidency: a Very Short Introduction by Charles O. Jones

The American Presidency: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The American Presidency: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Charles O. Jones
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190458208
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"The second edition of this Very Short Introduction focuses on the challenges facing American presidents in meeting the high expectations of the position in a separation of powers system. This masterly revision explores critical issues that are object of contemporary debate and shows how the American presidency evolved over the past 200 years and where it may go in the future"--


Anabasis Alexandri: Book VIII (Indica) by Arrian

Anabasis Alexandri: Book VIII (Indica)
  • Title : Anabasis Alexandri: Book VIII (Indica)
  • Author : Arrian
  • Publisher : ReadHowYouWant.com
  • ISBN Code : 1425012337
  • Pages : 100
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Xenophon wrote several books most of which survived. The narrative is about military advance, or journey. And what a journey this was for 10,000 Greek mercenaries, through hostile territory, ultimately retreating back to Greece. Xenophon's informal and realistic style of writing makes this exciting real-life adventure story intensely interesting and captivating. Highly Recommended!


Glocalization by Victor Roudometof

Glocalization
  • Title : Glocalization
  • Author : Victor Roudometof
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317936299
  • Pages : 188
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book seeks to provide a critical introduction to the under-theorized concept of Glocalization. While the term has been slowly diffused into social-scientific vocabulary, to date, there is no book in circulation that specifically discusses this concept. Historically theorists have intertwined the concepts of the ‘global’ and the ‘glocal’ or have subsumed the ‘glocal’ under other concepts – such as cosmopolitanization. Moreover, theorists have failed to give ‘local’ due attention in their theorizing. The book argues that the terms ‘global’, the ‘local’ and the ‘glocal’ are in need of unambiguous and theoretically and methodologically sound definitions. This is a prerequisite for their effective operationalization and application into social research. Glocalization is structured in two parts: Part I introduces the term, seeking to provide a history and critical assessment of theorists' past use of glocalization and offering an alternative perspective and a clear, effective and applicable definition of the term, explaining the limitations of the term globalization and the value of defining glocalization. Part II then moves on to illustrate how the concept of glocalization can be used to broaden our understanding and analysis of a wide range of issues in world politics including the 21st century culture of consumption, transnationalism & cosmopolitanism, nationalism, and religious traditions. Utilizing a wide range of historical, ethnographic and real-life examples from various domains this work will be essential reading for students and scholars of Globalization and will be of great interest to those in the field of Global, Transnational and Cosmopolitan Studies.


The Trojan War: A Very Short Introduction by Eric H. Cline

The Trojan War: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Trojan War: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Eric H. Cline
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199760276
  • Pages : 130
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This introduction considers whether the Trojan war actually took place and whether archaeologists have discovered the site of ancient Troy.


The Undefeated by Kwame Alexander

The Undefeated
  • Title : The Undefeated
  • Author : Kwame Alexander
  • Publisher : Versify
  • ISBN Code : 1328780961
  • Pages : 40
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Newbery Award-winning author of THE CROSSOVER pens an ode to black American triumph and tribulation, with art from a two-time Caldecott Honoree. Originally performed for ESPN's The Undefeated, this poem is a love letter to black life in the United States. It highlights the unspeakable trauma of slavery, the faith and fire of the civil rights movement, and the grit, passion, and perseverance of some of the world's greatest heroes. The text is also peppered with references to the words of Martin Luther King, Jr., Langston Hughes, Gwendolyn Brooks, and others, offering deeper insights into the accomplishments of the past, while bringing stark attention to the endurance and spirit of those surviving and thriving in the present. Robust back matter at the end provides valuable historical context and additional detail for those wishing to learn more.


The Tyro's Guide to Wisdom and Wealth; Designed for the Moral Introduction of Youth: with Exercises in Spelling ... Intended as an Introduction to the Author's Collection ... Second Edition by Alexander BARRIE (Teacher of English.)

The Tyro's Guide to Wisdom and Wealth; Designed for the Moral Introduction of Youth: with Exercises in Spelling ... Intended as an Introduction to the Author's Collection ... Second Edition
  • Title : The Tyro's Guide to Wisdom and Wealth; Designed for the Moral Introduction of Youth: with Exercises in Spelling ... Intended as an Introduction to the Author's Collection ... Second Edition
  • Author : Alexander BARRIE (Teacher of English.)
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 134
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


A Critical and Historical Introduction to the Canonical Scriptures of the Old Testatment by Wilhelm Martin Leberecht De Wette

A Critical and Historical Introduction to the Canonical Scriptures of the Old Testatment
  • Title : A Critical and Historical Introduction to the Canonical Scriptures of the Old Testatment
  • Author : Wilhelm Martin Leberecht De Wette
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Environmental Law: a Very Short Introduction by Elizabeth Fisher

Environmental Law: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Environmental Law: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Elizabeth Fisher
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198794185
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Environmental law is the law concerned with environmental problems. It is a vast area of law that operates from the local to the global, involving a range of different legal and regulatory techniques. In theory, environmental protection is a no brainer. Few people would actively argue forpollution or environmental destruction. Ensuring a clean environment is ethically desirable, and also sensible from a purely self-interested perspective. Yet, in practice, environmental law is a messy and complex business fraught with conflict. Whilst environmental law is often characterized inoverly simplistic terms, with a law being seen as be a magic wand that solves an environmental problem, the reality is that creating and maintaining a body of laws to address and avoid problems is not easy, and involves legislators, courts, regulators and communities. This Very Short Introduction provides an overview of the main features of environmental law, and discusses how environmental law deals with multiple interests, socio-political conflicts, and the limits of knowledge about the environment. Showing how interdependent societies across the world havedeveloped robust and legitimate bodies of law to address environmental problems, Elizabeth Fisher discusses some of the major issues involved in environmental law's: nation statehood, power, the reframing role of law, the need to ensure real environmental improvements, and environmental justice. AsFisher explains, environmental law is, and will always be, necessary but inherently controversial. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Forests by Jaboury Ghazoul

Forests
  • Title : Forests
  • Author : Jaboury Ghazoul
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198706170
  • Pages : 150
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Since the dawn of human civilization, forests have provided us with food, resources, and energy. The history of human development is also one of forest loss and transformation, and yet even in our increasingly urbanized societies we remain surprisingly dependent on forests for a wide range of goods and services. Moreover, forests still retain a remarkable hold on our environmental values. In an era of continuing tropical deforestation and temperate forest resurgence, and in the midst of uncertainties of climate and land use changes, it is more important than ever to understand what forests are, how they contribute to our livelihoods, and how they underpin our cultural histories and futures. In this Very Short Introduction Jaboury Ghazoul explores our contrasting interactions with forests, as well as their origins, dynamics, and the range of goods and services they provide to human society. Ghazoul concludes with an examination of the recent history of deforestation, transitions to reforestation, and the future outlook for forests particularly in the context of expected climate change. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction by Jerry Brotton

The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Jerry Brotton
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191577553
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

More than ever before, the Renaissance stands as one of the defining moments in world history. Between 1400 and 1600, European perceptions of society, culture, politics and even humanity itself emerged in ways that continue to affect not only Europe but the entire world. This wide-ranging exploration of the Renaissance sees the period as a time of unprecedented intellectual excitement and cultural experimentation and interaction on a global scale, alongside a darker side of religion, intolerance, slavery, and massive inequality of wealth and status. It guides the reader through the key issues that defined the period, from its art, architecture, and literature, to advancements in the fields of science, trade, and travel. In its incisive account of the complexities of the political and religious upheavals of the period, the book argues that Europe's reciprocal relationship with its eastern neighbours offers us a timely perspective on the Renaissance that still has much to teach us today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


City Planning: a Very Short Introduction by Carl Abbott

City Planning: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : City Planning: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Carl Abbott
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019094434X
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"City Planning: A Very Short Introduction gives an international overview of progress in city planning over the last century. City planning explores the tension between the idea of cities as individually held land-parcels and as representations of community and identity. It has inevitable political and ethical dimensions. Over time, cities have grown and merged, leading to larger-scale thinking about planning, but it remains a regional discipline. Part of city planning involves making cities more resilient to natural disasters and civil conflict. Data, technological developments, commerce, and efficient functioning are important, but human connection is necessary for cities to survive"--


Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction by Stephen Blundell

Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Stephen Blundell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019954090X
  • Pages : 151
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Superconductivity is one of the most exciting areas of research in physics today. Outlining the history of its discovery, and the race to understand its many mysterious phenomena, this Very Short Introduction also explores the deep implications of the theory, and its potential to revolutionize the physics and technology of the future.


The Silk Road: A Very Short Introduction by James A. Millward

The Silk Road: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Silk Road: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : James A. Millward
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199323852
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The phrase "silk road" evokes vivid scenes of merchants leading camel caravans across vast stretches to trade exotic goods in glittering Oriental bazaars, of pilgrims braving bandits and frozen mountain passes to spread their faith across Asia. Looking at the reality behind these images, this Very Short Introduction illuminates the historical background against which the silk road flourished, shedding light on the importance of old-world cultural exchange to Eurasian and world history. On the one hand, historian James A. Millward treats the silk road broadly, to stand in for the cross-cultural communication between peoples across the Eurasian continent since at least the Neolithic era. On the other, he highlights specific examples of goods and ideas exchanged between the Mediterranean, Persia, India, and China, along with the significance of these exchanges. While including silks, spices, and travelers' tales of colorful locales, the book explains the dynamics of Central Eurasian history that promoted Silk Road interactions--especially the role of nomad empires--highlighting the importance of the biological, technological, artistic, intellectual, and religious interchanges across the continent. Millward shows that these exchanges had a profound effect on the old world that was akin to, if not on the scale of, modern globalization. He also disputes the idea that the silk road declined after the collapse of the Mongol empire or the opening of direct sea routes from Europe to Asia, showing how silk road phenomena continued through the early modern and modern expansion of the Russian and Chinese states across Central Asia. Millward concludes that the idea of the silk road has remained powerful, not only as a popular name for boutiques and restaurants, but also in modern politics and diplomacy, such as U.S. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton's "Silk Road Initiative" for India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.


Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction by Andrew Robinson

Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Andrew Robinson
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191579165
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Without writing, there would be no records, no history, no books, and no emails. Writing is an integral and essential part of our lives; but when did it start? Why do we all write differently and how did writing develop into what we use today? All of these questions are answered in this Very Short Introduction. Starting with the origins of writing five thousand years ago, with cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs, Andrew Robinson explains how these early forms of writing developed into hundreds of scripts including the Roman alphabet and the Chinese characters. He reveals how the modern writing symbols and abbreviations we take for granted today - including airport signage and text messaging - resemble ancient ones much more closely than we might think. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Holy Bible ... With a General Introduction and Short Explanatory Notes, by B. Boothroyd by N.A

The Holy Bible ... With a General Introduction and Short Explanatory Notes, by B. Boothroyd
  • Title : The Holy Bible ... With a General Introduction and Short Explanatory Notes, by B. Boothroyd
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 1227
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Vikings by J. D. Richards

The Vikings
  • Title : The Vikings
  • Author : J. D. Richards
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0192806076
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Highlighting the latest archaeological evidence, Julian Richards reveals the whole Viking world: their history, society and culture, and their expansion overseas for trade, colonization, and plunder.


The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction by Leofranc Holford-Strevens

The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Leofranc Holford-Strevens
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578002
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Why do we measure time in the way that we do? Why is a week seven days long? At what point did minutes and seconds come into being? Why are some calendars lunar and some solar? The organisation of time into hours, days, months and years seems immutable and universal, but is actually far more artificial than most people realise. The French Revolution resulted in a restructuring of the French calendar, and the Soviet Union experimented with five and then six-day weeks. Leofranc Holford-Strevens explores these questions using a range of fascinating examples from Ancient Rome and Julius Caesar's imposition of the Leap Year, to the 1920s' project for a fixed Easter. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction by Julian D. Richards

The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Julian D. Richards
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 9780191578076
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Viking reputation is of bloodthirsty seafaring warriors, repeatedly plundering the British Isles and the North Atlantic throughout the early Middle Ages. Yet Vikings were also traders, settlers, and farmers, with a complex artistic and linguistic culture, whose expansion overseas led them to cross the Atlantic for the first time in European history. Highlighting the latest archaeological evidence, Julian Richards reveals the whole Viking world: their history, society and culture, and their expansion overseas for trade, colonization, and plunder. We also look at the Viking identity, through their artistic expression, rune stones, their ships, and their religion. The Viking story is also brought up to date, by examining their legacy from the medieval Icelandic sagas to 19th Century nationalism, Wagner, and the Nazis. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Classical Mythology: A Very Short Introduction by Helen Morales

Classical Mythology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Classical Mythology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Helen Morales
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191579335
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

From Zeus and Europa, to Diana, Pan, and Prometheus, the myths of ancient Greece and Rome seem to exert a timeless power over us. But what do those myths represent, and why are they so enduringly fascinating? Why do they seem to be such a potent way of talking about our selves, our origins, and our desires? This imaginative and stimulating Very Short Introduction goes beyond a simple retelling of the stories to explore the rich history and diverse interpretations of classical myths. It is a wide-ranging account, examining how classical myths are used and understood in both high art and popular culture, taking the reader from the temples of Crete to skyscrapers in New York, and finding classical myths in a variety of unexpected places: from arabic poetry and Hollywood films, to psychoanalysis, the bible, and New Age spiritualism. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The BRICS: A Very Short Introduction by Andrew F. Cooper

The BRICS: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The BRICS: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Andrew F. Cooper
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198723393
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In the wake of the post-Cold War era, the aftermath of 9/11, the 2008 global financial crisis, and the emergence of the G20 at the leaders level, few commentators expected a reshaping of the global system towards multipolarity, and away from the United States. And yet, the BRICS - encompassing Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - has emerged as a challenge to the international status quo. But what is its capacity as a transformative force? And can it provide a significant counter-narrative to the Western dominated global order? In this Very Short Introduction Andrew Cooper explores the emergence of the BRICS as a concept. Drawing on historical precedent, Cooper provides a contemporary analysis of the BRICS' practice and influence as as a forum and a lobby group in advancing a distinctive but amorphous agenda amongst global politics. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


An Introduction to, or a Short Discourse concerning, Universal History ... Faithfully compared with, and done, with some little alterations, from the original ... by Richard Spencer by Jacques Bénigne Bossuet,Richard SPENCER (Master of Tonbridge School.)

An Introduction to, or a Short Discourse concerning, Universal History ... Faithfully compared with, and done, with some little alterations, from the original ... by Richard Spencer
  • Title : An Introduction to, or a Short Discourse concerning, Universal History ... Faithfully compared with, and done, with some little alterations, from the original ... by Richard Spencer
  • Author : Jacques Bénigne Bossuet,Richard SPENCER (Master of Tonbridge School.)
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary: