Ancient Scandinavia by T. Douglas Price

Ancient Scandinavia
  • Title : Ancient Scandinavia
  • Author : T. Douglas Price
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190231971
  • Pages : 560
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Although occupied only relatively briefly in the long span of world prehistory, Scandinavia is an extraordinary laboratory for investigating past human societies. The area was essentially unoccupied until the end of the last Ice Age when the melting of huge ice sheets left behind a fresh, barren land surface, which was eventually covered by flora and fauna. The first humans did not arrive until sometime after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric remains of human activity in Scandinavia - much of it remarkably preserved in its bogs, lakes, and fjords - have given archaeologists a richly detailed portrait of the evolution of human society. In this book, Doug Price provides an archaeological history of Scandinavia-a land mass comprising the modern countries of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the arrival of the first humans after the last Ice Age to the end of the Viking period, ca. AD 1050. Constructed similarly to the author's previous book, Europe before Rome, Ancient Scandinaviaprovides overviews of each prehistoric epoch followed by detailed, illustrative examples from the archaeological record. An engrossing and comprehensive picture emerges of change across the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter - gatherers to large farming communities to the complex warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron Ages, which culminated in the spectacular rise of the Vikings. The material evidence of these past societies - arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock art, beautifully wrought weaponry, Viking warships - give vivid testimony to the ancient humans who once called home this often unforgiving edge of the inhabitable world.


Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age by Judith Jesch

Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age
  • Title : Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age
  • Author : Judith Jesch
  • Publisher : Boydell & Brewer
  • ISBN Code : 9780851158266
  • Pages : 330
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A critical survey of the vocabulary of Viking ships and their crews, of fleets and sailing and battles at sea, based on the runic and skaldic evidence from c.950-1100, and studied within the context of Viking activity in the period.


The Children of Ash and Elm by Neil Price

The Children of Ash and Elm
  • Title : The Children of Ash and Elm
  • Author : Neil Price
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • ISBN Code : 024128399X
  • Pages : 624
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

'As brilliant a history of the Vikings as one could possibly hope to read' Tom Holland The 'Viking Age' is traditionally held to begin in June 793 when Scandinavian raiders attacked the monastery of Lindisfarne in Northumbria, and to end in September 1066, when King Harald Hardrada of Norway died leading the charge against the English line at the Battle of Stamford Bridge. This book, the most wide-ranging and comprehensive assessment of the current state of our knowledge, takes a refreshingly different view. It shows that the Viking expansion began generations before the Lindisfarne raid, and traces Scandinavian history back centuries further to see how these people came to be who they were. The narrative ranges across the whole of the Viking diaspora, from Vinland on the eastern American seaboard to Constantinople and Uzbekistan, with contacts as far away as China. Based on the latest archaeology, it explores the complex origins of the Viking phenomenon and traces the seismic shifts in Scandinavian society that resulted from an economy geared to maritime war. Some of its most striking discoveries include the central role of slavery in Viking life and trade, and the previously unsuspected pirate communities and family migrations that were part of the Viking 'armies' - not least in England. Especially, Neil Price takes us inside the Norse mind and spirit-world, and across their borders of identity and gender, to reveal startlingly different Vikings to the barbarian marauders of stereotype. He cuts through centuries of received wisdom to try to see the Vikings as they saw themselves - descendants of the first human couple, the Children of Ash and Elm. Healso reminds us of the simultaneous familiarity and strangeness of the past, of how much we cannot know, alongside the discoveries that change the landscape of our understanding. This is an eye-opening and surprisingly moving book.


Viking Law and Order by Alexandra Sanmark

Viking Law and Order
  • Title : Viking Law and Order
  • Author : Alexandra Sanmark
  • Publisher : EUP
  • ISBN Code : 9781474445757
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Using archaeological evidence, written sources and place-names, this book provides a comprehensive analysis of the Viking legal system and assembly sites, showing that this formed an integral part of Norse culture and identity, to the extent that the assembly institution was brought to all Norse settlements.


The Viking Way by Neil Price

The Viking Way
  • Title : The Viking Way
  • Author : Neil Price
  • Publisher : Oxbow Books Limited
  • ISBN Code : 9781842172605
  • Pages : 436
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Magic, sorcery and witchcraft are among the most common themes of the great medieval Icelandic sagas and poems, the problematic yet vital sources that provide our primary textual evidence for the Viking Age that they claim to describe. Yet despite the consistency of this picture, surprisingly little archaeological or historical research has been done to explore what this may really have meant to the men and women of the time. This book examines the evidence for Old Norse sorcery, looking at its meaning and function, practice and practitioners, and the complicated constructions of gender and sexual identity with which these were underpinned. Combining strong elements of eroticism and aggression, sorcery appears as a fundamental domain of women's power, linking them with the gods, the dead and the future. Their battle spells and combat rituals complement the men's physical acts of fighting, in a supernatural empowerment of the Viking way of life. What emerges is a fundamentally new image of the world in which the Vikings understood themselves to move, in which magic and its implications permeated every aspect of a society permanently geared for war. In this fully revised and expanded second edition, Neil Price takes us with him on a tour through the sights and sounds of this undiscovered country, meeting its human and otherworldly inhabitants, including the Sámi with whom the Norse partly shared this mental landscape. On the way we explore Viking notions of the mind and soul, the fluidity of the boundaries that they drew between humans and animals, and the immense variety of their spiritual beliefs. We find magic in the Vikings' bedrooms and on their battlefields, and we meet the sorcerers themselves through their remarkable burials and the tools of their trade. Combining archaeology, history and literary scholarship with extensive studies of Germanic and circumpolar religion, this multi-award-winning book shows us the Vikings as we have never seen them before.


The Cambridge History of Scandinavia by Knut Helle,E. I. Kouri,Jens E. Oleson

The Cambridge History of Scandinavia
  • Title : The Cambridge History of Scandinavia
  • Author : Knut Helle,E. I. Kouri,Jens E. Oleson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521472999
  • Pages : 892
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A comprehensive and comparative study of the prehistory and medieval history of Scandinavia.


The Viking Diaspora by Judith Jesch

The Viking Diaspora
  • Title : The Viking Diaspora
  • Author : Judith Jesch
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317482549
  • Pages : 244
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Viking Diaspora presents the early medieval migrations of people, language and culture from mainland Scandinavia to new homes in the British Isles, the North Atlantic, the Baltic and the East as a form of ‘diaspora’. It discusses the ways in which migrants from Russia in the east to Greenland in the west were conscious of being connected not only to the people and traditions of their homelands, but also to other migrants of Scandinavian origin in many other locations. Rather than the movements of armies, this book concentrates on the movements of people and the shared heritage and culture that connected them. This on-going contact throughout half a millennium can be traced in the laws, literatures, material culture and even environment of the various regions of the Viking diaspora. Judith Jesch considers all of these connections, and highlights in detail significant forms of cultural contact including gender, beliefs and identities. Beginning with an overview of Vikings and the Viking Age, the nature of the evidence available, and a full exploration of the concept of ‘diaspora’, the book then provides a detailed demonstration of the appropriateness of the term to the world peopled by Scandinavians. This book is the first to explain Scandinavian expansion using this model, and presents the Viking Age in a new and exciting way for students of Vikings and medieval history.


Iconic Costumes by Ulla Mannering

Iconic Costumes
  • Title : Iconic Costumes
  • Author : Ulla Mannering
  • Publisher : Oxbow Books
  • ISBN Code : 1785702165
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This richly illustrated book presents a selection of the rich and varied iconographic material from the Scandinavian Late Iron Age (AD 400-1050) depicting clothed human figures, from an archaeological textile and clothing perspective. The source material consists of five object categories: gold foils, gold bracteates, helmet plaques, jewelry, and textile tapestries and comprises over 1000 different images of male and female costumes which are then systematically examined in conjunction with our present knowledge of archaeological textiles. In particular, the study explores the question of whether the selected images complement the archaeological clothing sources, through a new analytical tool which enables us to compare and contrast the object categories in regard to material, function, chronology, context and interpretation. The tool is used to record and analyze the numerous details of the iconographic costumes, and to facilitate a clear and easy description. This deliberate use of explicit costume shapes enhances our interpretation and understanding of the Late Iron Age clothing tradition. Thus, the majority of the costumes depicted are identified in the Scandinavian archaeological textile record, demonstrating that the depictions are a reliable source of research for both iconographical costume and archaeological clothing. The book contributes with new information on social, regional and chronological differences in clothing traditions from ca. AD 400 to the Viking Age.


Measuring the Master Race by Jon Røyne Kyllingstad

Measuring the Master Race
  • Title : Measuring the Master Race
  • Author : Jon Røyne Kyllingstad
  • Publisher : Open Book Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 1909254541
  • Pages : 276
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The notion of a superior ‘Germanic’ or ‘Nordic’ race was a central theme in Nazi ideology. But it was also a commonly accepted idea in the early twentieth century, an actual scientific concept originating from anthropological research on the physical characteristics of Europeans. The Scandinavian Peninsula was considered to be the historical cradle and the heartland of this ‘master race’. Measuring the Master Race investigates the role played by Scandinavian scholars in inventing this so-called superior race, and discusses how the concept stamped Norwegian physical anthropology, prehistory, national identity and the eugenics movement. It also explores the decline and scientific discrediting of these ideas in the 1930s as they came to be associated with the genetic cleansing of Nazi Germany. This is the first comprehensive study of Norwegian physical anthropology. Its findings shed new light on current political and scientific debates about race across the globe.


Europe before Rome by T. Douglas Price

Europe before Rome
  • Title : Europe before Rome
  • Author : T. Douglas Price
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199986827
  • Pages : 432
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Werner Herzog's 2011 film Cave of Forgotten Dreams, about the painted caves at Chauvet, France brought a glimpse of Europe's extraordinary prehistory to a popular audience. But paleolithic cave paintings, stunning as they are, form just a part of a story that begins with the arrival of the first humans to Europe 1.3 million years ago, and culminates in the achievements of Greece and Rome. In Europe before Rome, T. Douglas Price takes readers on a guided tour through dozens of the most important prehistoric sites on the continent, from very recent discoveries to some of the most famous and puzzling places in the world, like Chauvet, Stonehenge, and Knossos. This volume focuses on more than 60 sites, organized chronologically according to their archaeological time period and accompanied by 200 illustrations, including numerous color photographs, maps, and drawings. Our understanding of prehistoric European archaeology has been almost completely rewritten in the last 25 years with a series of major findings from virtually every time period, such as Ötzi the Iceman, the discoveries at Atapuerca, and evidence of a much earlier eruption at Mt. Vesuvius. Many of the sites explored in the book offer the earliest European evidence we have of the typical features of human society--tool making, hunting, cooking, burial practices, agriculture, and warfare. Introductory prologues to each chapter provide context for the wider changes in human behavior and society in the time period, while the author's concluding remarks offer expert reflections on the enduring significance of these places. Tracing the evolution of human society in Europe across more than a million years, Europe before Rome gives readers a vivid portrait of life for prehistoric man and woman.


Architecture, Society, and Ritual in Viking Age Scandinavia by Marianne Hem Eriksen

Architecture, Society, and Ritual in Viking Age Scandinavia
  • Title : Architecture, Society, and Ritual in Viking Age Scandinavia
  • Author : Marianne Hem Eriksen
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1108497225
  • Pages : 307
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book explores households, social organization, and rituals in Viking Age Scandinavia through a study of dwellings and their doorways.


The Age of the Vikings by Anders Winroth

The Age of the Vikings
  • Title : The Age of the Vikings
  • Author : Anders Winroth
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691169292
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Vikings maintain their grip on our imagination, but their image is too often distorted by myth. It is true that they pillaged, looted, and enslaved. But they also settled peacefully and traveled far from their homelands in swift and sturdy ships to explore. The Age of the Vikings tells the full story of this exciting period in history. Drawing on a wealth of written, visual, and archaeological evidence, Anders Winroth captures the innovation and pure daring of the Vikings without glossing over their destructive heritage. He not only explains the Viking attacks, but also looks at Viking endeavors in commerce, politics, discovery, and colonization, and reveals how Viking arts, literature, and religious thought evolved in ways unequaled in the rest of Europe. The Age of the Vikings sheds new light on the complex society, culture, and legacy of these legendary seafarers.


Europe Before History by Kristian Kristiansen

Europe Before History
  • Title : Europe Before History
  • Author : Kristian Kristiansen
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521784368
  • Pages : 505
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The societies of the European Bronze Age produced elaborate artifacts and were drawn into a wide trade network extending over the whole of Europe, even though they were economically and politically undiversified. Kristian Kristansen attempts to explain this paradox using a world-systems analysis, and in particular tries to acount for the absence of state formation. He presents his case with a powerful marshalling of the evidence across the whole of Europe and over two millennia. The result is the most coherent overview of this period of European prehistory since the writings of Gordon Childe and Christopher Hawkes. A great strength of this book is the broad European perspective, which allows the author to address some of the larger questions that have been raised in the study of the Bronze Age. It captures the complexity of a prehistorical world at different levels of integration and interaction from local to global.


Silk for the Vikings by Marianne Vedeler

Silk for the Vikings
  • Title : Silk for the Vikings
  • Author : Marianne Vedeler
  • Publisher : Oxbow Books
  • ISBN Code : 1782972161
  • Pages : 120
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The analysis of silk is a fascinating topic for research in itself but here, focusing on the 9th and 10th centuries, Marianne Vedeler takes a closer look at the trade routes and the organization of production, trade and consumption of silk during the Viking Age. Beginning with a presentation of the silk finds in the Oseberg burial, the richest Viking burial find ever discovered, the other silk finds from high status graves in Scandinavia are discussed along with an introduction to the techniques used to produce raw silk and fabrics. Later chapters concentrate on trade and exchange, considering the role of silk items both as trade objects and precious gifts, and in the light of coin finds. The main trade routes of silk to Scandinavia along the Russian rivers, and comparable Russian finds are described and the production and regulation of silk in Persia, early Islamic production areas and the Byzantine Empire discussed. The final chapter considers silk as a social actor in various contexts in Viking societies compared to the Christian west.


The Vikings by Njord Kane

The Vikings
  • Title : The Vikings
  • Author : Njord Kane
  • Publisher : Spangenhelm Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1943066167
  • Pages : 284
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The story of the Norse is a Viking adventure in history. The Norse saga began with the first ancient tribes of Norsemen during the Early Nordic Stone Age. The beginning of the Nordic Ax Culture when primitive Norsemen created their first battle axes from stone. The evolution of an innovative and progressive culture that groomed legendary warriors whose voices still roar out today. Take a journey into the Age of Viking Expansion where Ragnar Lothbrok, Rollo, Erik the Red, and many other famous Vikings take you on a ride into the very Halls of Valhalla. Very interesting and worth the read to anyone interested in the Vikings or Norse history. Explore knowledge and technology specific to a culture that was shaped by a people able to reach great distances beyond their homelands and seas. A battle ferocious people with shields, armor, and weaponry that was unmatched by their opponents. A whole new world of understanding about the ancient vikings has been opened up by new archaeological discoveries and studies. New findings that lead to new questions. Could some of the mythological tales about giants in the Norse Sagas have had some truth behind them? Researchers have found proof of giants and humans interacting together in our own DNA! There are also many shared technologies between the Ancient Norse, Asians, the Inuit and other North American aborigines. Viking explorers have long interacted and traded with many people and cultures afar. Were ancient Norse already in contact with early Native Americans? Were these the people they referred to as "Skraelings?" Were they Proto-Inuits known by the ancients as Thule People? See for yourself with new information about the Norse that was once lost in time.


In Austrvegr: The Role of the Eastern Baltic in Viking Age Communication across the Baltic Sea by Marika Mägi

In Austrvegr: The Role of the Eastern Baltic in Viking Age Communication across the Baltic Sea
  • Title : In Austrvegr: The Role of the Eastern Baltic in Viking Age Communication across the Baltic Sea
  • Author : Marika Mägi
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • ISBN Code : 9004363815
  • Pages : 512
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume offers a novel, trans-regional vision of Viking Age (9th-11th century) cultural and political contacts between Scandinavia and the eastern coasts of the Baltic Sea, using predominantly archaeological evidence, combined with historical sources, topography and logistical considerations.


The Year 1000 by Valerie Hansen

The Year 1000
  • Title : The Year 1000
  • Author : Valerie Hansen
  • Publisher : Scribner
  • ISBN Code : 1501194100
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

From celebrated Yale professor Valerie Hansen, a groundbreaking work of history showing that bold explorations and daring trade missions connected all of the world’s great societies for the first time at the end of the first millennium. People often believe that the years immediately prior to AD 1000 were, with just a few exceptions, lacking in any major cultural developments or geopolitical encounters, that the Europeans hadn’t yet reached North America, and that the farthest feat of sea travel was the Vikings’ invasion of Britain. But how, then, to explain the presence of blonde-haired people in Maya temple murals at Chichén Itzá, Mexico? Could it be possible that the Vikings had found their way to the Americas during the height of the Maya empire? Valerie Hansen, an award-winning historian, argues that the year 1000 was the world’s first point of major cultural exchange and exploration. Drawing on nearly thirty years of research, she presents a compelling account of first encounters between disparate societies, which sparked conflict and collaboration eerily reminiscent of our contemporary moment. For readers of Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs, and Steel and Yuval Noah Harari’s Sapiens, The Year 1000 is an intellectually daring, provocative account that will make you rethink everything you thought you knew about how the modern world came to be. It will also hold up a mirror to the hopes and fears we experience today.


Dressing the Past by Margarita Gleba,Cherine Munkholt,Marie-Louise Nosch

Dressing the Past
  • Title : Dressing the Past
  • Author : Margarita Gleba,Cherine Munkholt,Marie-Louise Nosch
  • Publisher : Oxbow Books
  • ISBN Code : 1782974725
  • Pages : 167
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Minoan ladies, Scythian warriors, Roman and Sarmatian merchants, prehistoric weavers, gold sheet figures, Vikings, Medieval saints and sinners, Renaissance noblemen, Danish peasants, dressmakers and Hollywood stars appear in the pages of this anthology. This is not necessarily how they dressed in the past, but how the authors of this book think they dressed in the past, and why they think so. No reader of this book will ever look at a reconstructed costume in a museum or at a historical festival, or watch a film with a historic theme again without a heightened awareness of how, why, and from what sources, the costumes were reconstructed. The seventeen contributors come from a variety of disciplines: archaeologists, historians, curators with ethnological and anthropological backgrounds, designers, a weaver, a conservator and a scholar of fashion in cinema, are all specialists interested in ancient or historical dress who wish to share their knowledge and expertise with students, hobby enthusiasts and the general reader. The anthology is also recommended for use in teaching students at design schools.


Women in the Viking Age by Judith Jesch

Women in the Viking Age
  • Title : Women in the Viking Age
  • Author : Judith Jesch
  • Publisher : Boydell & Brewer Ltd
  • ISBN Code : 0851153607
  • Pages : 239
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Through runic inscriptions and behind the veil of myth, Jesch discovers the true story of viking women.


Ancestral Journeys: The Peopling of Europe from the First Venturers to the Vikings (Revised and Updated Edition) by Jean Manco

Ancestral Journeys: The Peopling of Europe from the First Venturers to the Vikings (Revised and Updated Edition)
  • Title : Ancestral Journeys: The Peopling of Europe from the First Venturers to the Vikings (Revised and Updated Edition)
  • Author : Jean Manco
  • Publisher : Thames & Hudson
  • ISBN Code : 0500772908
  • Pages : 312
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

“An ambitious and lucid full narrative account of the peopling of Europe . . . this will undoubtedly provide a base line for future debates on the origins of the Europeans.” —J. P. Mallory, author of In Search of the Indo-Europeans and The Origins of the Irish Who are the Europeans? Where did they come from? New research in the fields of archaeology and linguistics, a revolution in the study of genetics, and cutting-edge analysis of ancient DNA are dramatically changing our picture of prehistory, leading us to question what we thought we knew about these ancient peoples. This paradigm-shifting book paints a spirited portrait of a restless people that challenges our established ways of looking at Europe’s past. The story is more complex than at first believed, with new evidence suggesting that the European gene pool was stirred vigorously multiple times. Genetic clues are also enhancing our understanding of European mobility in epochs with written records, including the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons, the spread of the Slavs, and the adventures of the Vikings. Now brought completely up to date with all the latest findings from the fast-moving fields of genetics, DNA, and dating, Jean Manco’s highly readable account weaves multiple strands of evidence into a startling new history of the continent, of interest to anyone who wants to truly understand Europeans’ place in the ancient world.


Vikings and the Danelaw by James Graham-Campbell,Richard Hall,Judith Jesch,David N Parsons

Vikings and the Danelaw
  • Title : Vikings and the Danelaw
  • Author : James Graham-Campbell,Richard Hall,Judith Jesch,David N Parsons
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 1785704559
  • Pages : 386
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A selection of papers from the 13th Viking Congress focusing on the northern, central, and eastern regions of Anglo-Saxon England colonised by invading Danish armies in the late 9th century, known as the Danelaw. This volume contributes to many of the unresolved scholarly debates surrounding the concept, and extent of the Danelaw.


Europe Between the Oceans by Barry Cunliffe

Europe Between the Oceans
  • Title : Europe Between the Oceans
  • Author : Barry Cunliffe
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9780300170863
  • Pages : 518
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

By the fifteenth century Europe was a driving world force, but the origins of its success have until now remained obscured in prehistory. In this book, distinguished archaeologist Barry Cunliffe views Europe not in terms of states and shifting political land boundaries but as a geographical niche particularly favored in facing many seas. These seas, and Europe's great transpeninsular rivers, ensured a rich diversity of natural resources while also encouraging the dynamic interaction of peoples across networks of communication and exchange. The development of these early Europeans is rooted in complex interplays, shifting balances, and geographic and demographic fluidity.


The Viking Age as a Period of Religious Transformation by Sæbjørg Walaker Nordeide

The Viking Age as a Period of Religious Transformation
  • Title : The Viking Age as a Period of Religious Transformation
  • Author : Sæbjørg Walaker Nordeide
  • Publisher : Brepols Pub
  • ISBN Code : 9782503534800
  • Pages : 396
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume is the first to delve into Norway's history of Christianization since 1973 when Fridtjov Birkeli published his book on the topic. For the first time in over thirty years, Dr Nordeide illuminates the change from non-Christian to Christian rituals by analysing archaeological resources from c. AD 560 to c. 1150/1200. This book both asserts and challenges previous hypotheses of the chronology of Christianization, as well as offering fascinating new versions of the Norway's eventual conversion.As well as asserting that local history leads Norway along chronological lines typical of its peripheral location, the author argues that in some ways, Norway's history of Christianity is best located within the history of central European regions even more than has ever been suggested before.


Crafts and Social Networks in Viking Towns by Stephen P. Ashby,Søren Sindbaek

Crafts and Social Networks in Viking Towns
  • Title : Crafts and Social Networks in Viking Towns
  • Author : Stephen P. Ashby,Søren Sindbaek
  • Publisher : Oxbow Books
  • ISBN Code : 1789251613
  • Pages : 224
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Crafting Communities explores the interface between craft, communication networks, and urbanization in Viking-age Northern Europe. Viking-period towns were the hubs of cross-cultural communication of their age, and innovations in specialized crafts provide archaeologists with some of the best evidence for studying this communication. The integrated results presented in these papers have been made possible through the sustained collaboration of a group of experts with complementary insights into individual crafts. Results emerge from recent scholarly advances in the study of artifacts and production: first, the application of new analytical techniques in artifact studies (e.g. metallographic, isotopic, and biomolecular techniques) and second, the shifted in interpretative focus of medieval artifact studies from a concern with object function to considerations of processes of production, and of the social agency of technology. Furthermore, the introduction of social network theory and actor-network theory has redirected attention toward the process of communication, and highlighted the significance of material culture in the learning and transmission of cultural knowledge, including technology. The volume brings together leading UK and Scandinavian archaeological specialists to explore crafted products and workshop-assemblages from these towns, in order to clarify how such long-range communication worked in pre-modern Northern Europe. Contributors assess the implications for our understanding of early towns and the long-term societal change catalysed by them, including the initial steps towards commercial economies. Results are analyzed in relation to social network theory, social and economic history, and models of communication, setting an agenda for further research. Crafting Communities provides a landmark statement on our knowledge of Viking-Age craft and communication


The Prehistory of Denmark by Jorgen Jensen

The Prehistory of Denmark
  • Title : The Prehistory of Denmark
  • Author : Jorgen Jensen
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134812248
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Viking Identities by Jane Kershaw

Viking Identities
  • Title : Viking Identities
  • Author : Jane Kershaw
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199639523
  • Pages : 308
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Surveys the jewellery worn by women in Scandinavian-settled areas of England in the Viking period. Describes and illustrates these dress fittings, many of which have only recently been found. Reveals the extent and nature of female participation in the Viking expansion, which is traditionally viewed as a largely masculine affair.


Historia Norwegie by Inger Ekrem,Lars Boje Mortensen

Historia Norwegie
  • Title : Historia Norwegie
  • Author : Inger Ekrem,Lars Boje Mortensen
  • Publisher : Museum Tusculanum Press
  • ISBN Code : 9788772898131
  • Pages : 245
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Written during the second half of the 12th century, the Historia Norwegie presents a lively and Christianised account of Norwegian history, particularly of the 10th century.


Radiocarbon Dating, Second Edition by R.E. Taylor,MacCurdy Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology Ofer Bar-Yosef,Ofer Bar-Yosef

Radiocarbon Dating, Second Edition
  • Title : Radiocarbon Dating, Second Edition
  • Author : R.E. Taylor,MacCurdy Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology Ofer Bar-Yosef,Ofer Bar-Yosef
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1315421208
  • Pages : 404
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume is a major revision and expansion of Taylor’s seminal book Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective. It covers the major advances and accomplishments of the 14C method in archaeology and analyzes factors that affect the accuracy and precision of 14C-based age estimates. In addition to reviewing the basic principles of the method, it examines 14C dating anomalies and means to resolve them, and considers the critical application of 14C data as a dating isotope with special emphasis on issues in Old and New World archaeology and late Quaternary paleoanthropology. This volume, again a benchmark for 14C dating, critically reflects on the method and data that underpins, in so many cases, the validity of the chronologies used to understand the prehistoric archaeological record.


The Vikings by Sæbjørg Walaker Nordeide,Kevin J. Edwards

The Vikings
  • Title : The Vikings
  • Author : Sæbjørg Walaker Nordeide,Kevin J. Edwards
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781641899208
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book presents a fresh overview, from both Scandinavian and diasporic perspectives, on Viking society: religion, economic life, and material culture.


Images of the Past by Theron Douglas Price,Gary M. Feinman

Images of the Past
  • Title : Images of the Past
  • Author : Theron Douglas Price,Gary M. Feinman
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781260566253
  • Pages : 656
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Images of the Past is an introduction to prehistoric archaeology that aims to capture the excitement and visual splendor of archaeology while providing insight into current research methods, interpretations, and theories in the field. Price and Feinman offer a site-by-site survey of prehistory -- covering 80 sites from a variety of times and places around the world and including recent discoveries. This text emphasizes discoveries that produced major insights into prehistory, with the selected sites acting signposts to the past to help students focus on human developments in prehistory and how archaeologists learn about the past" -- Page 4 of cover.


The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology by Umberto Albarella,Mauro Rizzetto,Hannah Russ,Sarah Viner-Daniels

The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology
  • Author : Umberto Albarella,Mauro Rizzetto,Hannah Russ,Sarah Viner-Daniels
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199686475
  • Pages : 839
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Animals have played a fundamental role in shaping human history and the study of their remains from archaeological sites--zooarchaeology--has gradually been emerging as a powerful discipline and crucible for forging an understanding of our past. The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology offers a cutting-edge compendium of zooarchaeology the world over that transcends environmental, economic, and social approaches, seeking instead to provide a holistic view of the roles played by animals in past human cultures. Incisive chapters written by leading scholars in the field incorporate case studies from across five continents, from Iceland to New Zealand and from Japan to Egypt and Ecuador, providing a sense of the dynamism of the discipline, the many approaches and methods adopted by different schools and traditions, and an idea of the huge range of interactions that have occurred between people and animals throughout the world and its history. Adaptations of human-animal relationships in environments as varied as the Arctic, temperate forests, deserts, the tropics, and the sea are discussed, while studies of hunter-gatherers, farmers, herders, fishermen, and even traders and urban dwellers highlight the importance that animals have had in all forms of human societies. With an introduction that clearly contextualizes the current practice of zooarchaeology in relation to both its history and the challenges and opportunities that can be expected for the future, and a methodological glossary illuminating the way in which zooarchaeologists approach the study of their material, this Handbook will be invaluable not only for specialists in the field, but for anybody who has an interest in our past and the role that animals have played in forging it.


The Archaeology of Europe's Drowned Landscapes by Geoff Bailey,Hauke Jöns,Nena Galanidou,Hans Peeters,Moritz Mennenga

The Archaeology of Europe's Drowned Landscapes
  • Title : The Archaeology of Europe's Drowned Landscapes
  • Author : Geoff Bailey,Hauke Jöns,Nena Galanidou,Hans Peeters,Moritz Mennenga
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • ISBN Code : 3030373673
  • Pages : 561
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This open access volume provides for the first time a comprehensive description and scientific evaluation of underwater archaeological finds referring to human occupation of the continental shelf around the coastlines of Europe and the Mediterranean when sea levels were lower than present. These are the largest body of underwater finds worldwide, amounting to over 2500 find spots, ranging from individual stone tools to underwater villages with unique conditions of preservation. The material reviewed here ranges in date from the Lower Palaeolithic period to the Bronze Age and covers 20 countries bordering all the major marine basins from the Atlantic coasts of Ireland and Norway to the Black Sea, and from the western Baltic to the eastern Mediterranean. The finds from each country are presented in their archaeological context, with information on the history of discovery, conditions of preservation and visibility, their relationship to regional changes in sea-level and coastal geomorphology, and the institutional arrangements for their investigation and protection. Editorial introductions summarise the findings from each of the major marine basins. There is also a final section with extensive discussion of the historical background and the legal and regulatory frameworks that inform the management of the underwater cultural heritage and collaboration between offshore industries, archaeologists and government agencies. The volume is based on the work of COST Action TD0902 SPLASHCOS, a multi-disciplinary and multi-national research network supported by the EU-funded COST organisation (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). The primary readership is research and professional archaeologists, marine and Quaternary scientists, cultural-heritage managers, commercial and governmental organisations, policy makers, and all those with an interest in the sea floor of the continental shelf and the human impact of changes in climate, sea-level and coastal geomorphology.


An Ethnography of the Neolithic by Christopher Tilley

An Ethnography of the Neolithic
  • Title : An Ethnography of the Neolithic
  • Author : Christopher Tilley
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521568210
  • Pages : 388
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A reconstruction of society in prehistoric Scandinavia, which integrates archaeology and anthropology.


Principles of Archaeology by T. Douglas Price,Kelly J. Knudson

Principles of Archaeology
  • Title : Principles of Archaeology
  • Author : T. Douglas Price,Kelly J. Knudson
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9780500293614
  • Pages : 448
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Principles of Archaeology provides the building blocks for students to learn how archaeologists think. Retaining its focus on teaching the major methods of thought and analysis and the importance of scientific techniques, this new edition has been thoroughly redesigned and revised to include the most recent technologies and ethical issues involved in studying the past. A new co-author specializing in archaeological chemistry means the book leads the way with coverage of the most pioneering scientific approaches in archaeology, while up-to-date examples show students the complexity of practising archaeology, and how archaeological sites and finds impact how we understand our present and future. Principles of Archaeology remains the most accessible and engaging entry point for those wanting to learn more about this fascinating field of study.


Across Atlantic Ice by Dennis J. Stanford,Bruce A. Bradley

Across Atlantic Ice
  • Title : Across Atlantic Ice
  • Author : Dennis J. Stanford,Bruce A. Bradley
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • ISBN Code : 0520275780
  • Pages : 319
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Argues that the Solutrean culture of coastal Spain and the European Atlantic Shelf was the ancestral industry to the North American Clovis industry.


The Scythians by Barry Cunliffe

The Scythians
  • Title : The Scythians
  • Author : Barry Cunliffe
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198820127
  • Pages : 408
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Brilliant horsemen and great fighters, the Scythians were nomadic horsemen who ranged wide across the grasslands of the Asian steppe from the Altai mountains in the east to the Great Hungarian Plain in the first millennium BC. Their steppe homeland bordered on a number of sedentary states to the south - the Chinese, the Persians and the Greeks - and there were, inevitably, numerous interactions between the nomads and their neighbours. The Scythians fought the Persians on a number of occasions, in one battle killing their king and on another occasion driving the invading army of Darius the Great from the steppe. Relations with the Greeks around the shores of the Black Sea were rather different - both communities benefiting from trading with each other. This led to the development of a brilliant art style, often depicting scenes from Scythian mythology and everyday life. It is from the writings of Greeks like the historian Herodotus that we learn of Scythian life: their beliefs, their burial practices, their love of fighting, and their ambivalent attitudes to gender. It is a world that is also brilliantly illuminated by the rich material culture recovered from Scythian burials, from the graves of kings on the Pontic steppe, with their elaborate gold work and vividly coloured fabrics, to the frozen tombs of the Altai mountains, where all the organic material - wooden carvings, carpets, saddles and even tattooed human bodies - is amazingly well preserved. Barry Cunliffe here marshals this vast array of evidence - both archaeological and textual - in a masterful reconstruction of the lost world of the Scythians, allowing them to emerge in all their considerable vigour and splendour for the first time in over two millennia.


Viking Britain by Thomas Williams

Viking Britain
  • Title : Viking Britain
  • Author : Thomas Williams
  • Publisher : William Collins
  • ISBN Code : 9780008171933
  • Pages : 416
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A new narrative history of the Viking Age, interwoven with exploration of the physical remains and landscapes that the Vikings fashioned and walked: their rune-stones and ship burials, settlements and battlefields. To many, the word 'Viking' brings to mind red scenes of rape and pillage, of marauders from beyond the sea rampaging around the British coastline in the last gloomy centuries before the Norman Conquest. It is true that Britain in the Viking Age was a turbulent, violent place. The kings and warlords who have impressed their memories on the period revel in names that fire the blood and stir the imagination: Svein Forkbeard and Edmund Ironside, Ivar the Boneless and Alfred the Great, Erik Bloodaxe and Edgar the Pacifier amongst many others. Evidence for their brutality, their dominance, their avarice and their pride is still unearthed from British soil with stunning regularity. But this is not the whole story. In Viking Britain, Thomas Williams has drawn on his experience as project curator of the British Museum exhibition of Vikings: Life and Legend to show how the people we call Vikings came not just to raid and plunder, but to settle, to colonize and to rule. The impact on these islands was profound and enduring, shaping British social, cultural and political development for hundreds of years. Indeed, in language, literature, place-names and folklore, the presence of Scandinavian settlers can still be felt, and their memory - filtered and refashioned through the writings of people like J.R.R. Tolkien, William Morris and G.K.Chesterton - has transformed the western imagination. This remarkable makes use of new academic research and first-hand experience, drawing deeply from the relics and landscapes that the Vikings and their contemporaries fashioned and walked: their runestones and ship burials, settlements and battlefields, poems and chronicles. The book offers a vital evocation of a forgotten world, its echoes in later history and its implications for the present.


The Athenaeum by N.A

The Athenaeum
  • Title : The Athenaeum
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The Agrarian History of Sweden by Janken Myrdal,Mats Morell

The Agrarian History of Sweden
  • Title : The Agrarian History of Sweden
  • Author : Janken Myrdal,Mats Morell
  • Publisher : Nordic Academic Press
  • ISBN Code : 9185509566
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This is the first comprehensive account in English of the agrarian history of Sweden from Neolithic times up to the present. It focuses on the men and women who cultivated the land, the technologies they developed and the way they farmed. What was produced and what quality of life did the farmers have? This book is written by the leading specialists in the field who have brought their profound knowledge and enthusiasm to the rich descriptions of crops, landscapes, animals, and farms in different regions and periods. With a chronological approach, the authors investigate the relationships and interactions between different groups in society: the bonds between landowners, peasants and labourers, the distribution of work and responsibilities between men and women, the livelihood of the Sami people, and the interdependence between agriculture and other industries in Sweden. The authors draw a wide range of international comparisons, and place the specifics of Swedish agriculture in an international context. The book is useful and inspiring reading for students, scholars, and indeed for anyone with an interest in Swedish history.


An Introduction to Archaeological Chemistry by T. Douglas Price,James H. Burton

An Introduction to Archaeological Chemistry
  • Title : An Introduction to Archaeological Chemistry
  • Author : T. Douglas Price,James H. Burton
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9781441963765
  • Pages : 311
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Archaeological chemistry is a subject of great importance to the study and methodology of archaeology. This comprehensive text covers the subject with a full range of case studies, materials, and research methods. With twenty years of experience teaching the subject, the authors offer straightforward coverage of archaeological chemistry, a subject that can be intimidating for many archaeologists who do not already have a background in the hard sciences. With clear explanations and informative illustrations, the authors have created a highly approachable text, which will help readers overcome that intimidation. Topics covered included: Materials (rock, pottery, bone, charcoal, soils, metals, and others), Instruments (microscopes, NAA, spectrometers, mass spectrometers, GC/MS, XRF & XRD, Case Studies (Provinience, Sediments, Diet Reconstruction, Past Human Movement, Organic Residues). The detailed coverage and clear language will make this useful as an introduction to the study of archaeological chemistry, as well as a useful resource for years after that introduction.