Applied Cell And Molecular Biology For Engineers 2007 07 03 Pdf

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Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers

Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071509527
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Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers by Summary

A Guide to the Fundamentals and Latest Concepts of Molecular and Cell Biology Bridging the gap between biology and engineering, Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers uses clear, straightforward language to introduce you to the cutting-edge concepts of molecular and cell biology. Written by an international team of engineers and life scientists, this vital tool contains “clinical focus boxes” and “applications boxes” in each chapter to link biology and engineering in today's world. To help grasp complex material quickly and easily, a glossary is provided. Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers features: Clear descriptions of cell structures and functions Detailed coverage of cellular communication In-depth information on cellular energy conversion Concise facts on information flow across generations A succinct guide to the evolution of cells to organisms Inside This Biomedical Engineering Guide Biomolecules: • Energetics • Components of the cell • Cell Morphology: • Cell membranes • Cell organelles • Enzyme Kinetics: • Steady-state kinetics • Enzyme inhibition • Cellular Signal Transduction: • Receptor binding • Apoptosis • Energy Conversion: • Cell metabolism • Cell respiration • Cellular Communication: • Direct • Local • Long distance • Cellular Genetics: • DNA and RNA synthesis and repair • Cell Division and Growth: • Cell cycle • Mitosis • Stem cells • Cellular Development: • Germ cells and fertilization • Limb development • From Cells to Organisms: • Cell differentiation • Systems biology

Cellular and Molecular Approaches in Fish Biology

Cellular and Molecular Approaches in Fish Biology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ignacio Fernandez,Jorge Fernandes
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128222743
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Cellular and Molecular Approaches in Fish Biology by Ignacio Fernandez,Jorge Fernandes Summary

Cellular and Molecular Approaches in Fish Biology is a highly interdisciplinary resource that will bring industry professionals up-to-date on the latest developments and information on fish biology research. The book combines an historical overview of the different research areas in fish biology with detailed descriptions of cellular and molecular approaches and recommendations for research. It provides different points-of-view on how researchers have addressed timely issues, while also describing and dissecting some of the new experimental/analytical approaches used to answer key questions at cellular and molecular levels. Provides detailed descriptions of each research approach, highlighting the tricks of the trade for its effective and successful application Includes the latest developments in fish reproduction, fish nutrition, fish wellbeing, ecology and toxicology Presents hot topic areas of research, including genetic editing, epigenetics and eDNA

Introduction to Molecular Biology, Genomics and Proteomics for Biomedical Engineers

Introduction to Molecular Biology, Genomics and Proteomics for Biomedical Engineers Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert B. Northrop,Anne N. Connor
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420061216
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Introduction to Molecular Biology, Genomics and Proteomics for Biomedical Engineers by Robert B. Northrop,Anne N. Connor Summary

Illustrates the Complex Biochemical Relations that Permit Life to Exist It can be argued that the dawn of the 21st century has emerged as the age focused on molecular biology, which includes all the regulatory mechanisms that make cellular biochemical reaction pathways stable and life possible. For biomedical engineers, this concept is essential to their chosen profession. Introduction to Molecular Biology, Genomics, and Proteomics for Biomedical Engineers hones in on the specialized organic molecules in living organisms and how they interact and react. The book’s sound approach to this intricately complex field makes it an exceptional resource for further exploration into the biochemistry, molecular biology, and genomics fields. It is also beneficial for electrical, chemical, and civil engineers as well as biophysicists with an interest in modeling living systems. This seminal reference includes many helpful tools for self study, including— 143 illustrations, 32 in color, to bolster understanding of complex biochemical relations 20 tables for quick access to precise data 100 key equations Challenging self-study problems within each chapter Conveys Human Progress in the Manipulation of Genomes at the Molecular Level In response to growing global interest in biotechnology, this valuable text sheds light on the evolutionary theories and future trends in genetic medicine and stem cell research. It provides a broader knowledge base on life-permitting complexities, illustrates how to model them quantitatively, and demonstrates how to manipulate them in genomic-based medicine and genetic engineering. Consequently, this book allows for a greater appreciation among of the incredible complexity of the biochemical systems required to sustain life in its many forms. A solutions manual is available for instructors wishing to convert this reference to classroom use.

Cancer Systems Biology, Bioinformatics and Medicine

Cancer Systems Biology, Bioinformatics and Medicine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alfredo Cesario,Frederick Marcus
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400715677
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Cancer Systems Biology, Bioinformatics and Medicine by Alfredo Cesario,Frederick Marcus Summary

This teaching monograph on systems approaches to cancer research and clinical applications provides a unique synthesis, by world-class scientists and doctors, of laboratory, computational, and clinical methods, thereby establishing the foundations for major advances not possible with current methods. Specifically, the book: 1) Sets the stage by describing the basis of systems biology and bioinformatics approaches, and the clinical background of cancer in a systems context; 2) Summarizes the laboratory, clinical, data systems analysis and bioinformatics tools, along with infrastructure and resources required; 3) Demonstrates the application of these tools to cancer research; 4) Extends these tools and methods to clinical diagnosis, drug development and treatment applications; and 5) Finishes by exploring longer term perspectives and providing conclusions. This book reviews the state-of-the-art, and goes beyond into new applications. It is written and highly referenced as a textbook and practical guide aimed at students, academics, doctors, clinicians, industrialists and managers in cancer research and therapeutic applications. Ideally, it will set the stage for integration of available knowledge to optimize communication between basic and clinical researchers involved in the ultimate fight against cancer, whatever the field of specific interest, whatever the area of activity within translational research.

Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement

Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vinod Krishnan,Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman,Ze'ev Davidovitch
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119608945
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Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement by Vinod Krishnan,Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman,Ze'ev Davidovitch Summary

This new edition continues to be an authoritative reference to the scientific foundations underpinning clinical orthodontics The newly and thoroughly revised Third Edition of Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement delivers a comprehensive reference for orthodontic trainees and specialists. It is fully updated to include new chapters on personalized orthodontics as well as the inflammatory process occurring in the dental and paradental tissues. It is heavily illustrated throughout, making it easier for readers to understand and retain the information discussed within. The topics covered range from bone biology, the effects of mechanical loading on tissues and cells, genetics, tissue remodeling, and the effects of diet, drugs, and systemic diseases. The Third Edition of Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement features seven sections that cover subjects such as: The development of biological concepts in orthodontics, including the cellular and molecular biology behind orthodontic tooth movement Mechanics meets biology, including the effects of mechanical loading on hard and soft tissues and cells, and biological reactions to temporary anchorage devices Inflammation and orthodontics, including markers for tissue remodeling in the gingival crevicular fluid and saliva Personalized diagnosis and treatment based on genomic criteria, including the genetic influences on orthodontic tooth movement Rapid orthodontics, including methods to accelerate or decelerate orthodontic tooth movement Perfect for residents and PhD students of orthodontic and periodontal programs, Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement is also useful to academics, clinicians, bone biologists, and researchers with an interest in the mechanics and biology of tooth movement.

Basic and Applied Aspects of Biotechnology

Basic and Applied Aspects of Biotechnology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Varsha Gupta,Manjistha Sengupta,Jaya Prakash,Baishnab Charan Tripathy
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811008752
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Basic and Applied Aspects of Biotechnology by Varsha Gupta,Manjistha Sengupta,Jaya Prakash,Baishnab Charan Tripathy Summary

This book explores the journey of biotechnology, searching for new avenues and noting the impressive accomplishments to date. It has harmonious blend of facts, applications and new ideas. Fast-paced biotechnologies are broadly applied and are being continuously explored in areas like the environmental, industrial, agricultural and medical sciences. The sequencing of the human genome has opened new therapeutic opportunities and enriched the field of medical biotechnology while analysis of biomolecules using proteomics and microarray technologies along with the simultaneous discovery and development of new modes of detection are paving the way for ever-faster and more reliable diagnostic methods. Life-saving bio-pharmaceuticals are being churned out at an amazing rate, and the unraveling of biological processes has facilitated drug designing and discovery processes. Advances in regenerative medical technologies (stem cell therapy, tissue engineering, and gene therapy) look extremely promising, transcending the limitations of all existing fields and opening new dimensions for characterizing and combating diseases.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309142393
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Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community Summary

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Synthetic Biology and Metabolic Engineering in Plants and Microbes Part B: Metabolism in Plants

Synthetic Biology and Metabolic Engineering in Plants and Microbes Part B: Metabolism in Plants Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128111232
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Synthetic Biology and Metabolic Engineering in Plants and Microbes Part B: Metabolism in Plants by Summary

Synthetic Biology and Metabolic Engineering in Plants and Microbes, Part B, the latest volume in the Methods in Enzymology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers research methods, synthetic biology, and metabolic engineering in plants and microbes, and includes sections on such topics as the usage of integrases in microbial engineering, biosynthesis, and engineering of tryptophan derived metabolites, regulation and discovery of fungal natural products, and elucidation and localization of plant pathways. Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field of enzymology Contains two volumes covering research methods in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering in plants and microbes Includes sections on such topics as the uses of integrases in microbial engineering, biosynthesis and engineering of tryptophan derived metabolites, regulation and discovery of fungal natural products, and elucidation and localization of plant pathways

Principles of Regenerative Medicine

Principles of Regenerative Medicine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anthony Atala,Robert Lanza,James A. Thomson,Robert Nerem
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123814234
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Principles of Regenerative Medicine by Anthony Atala,Robert Lanza,James A. Thomson,Robert Nerem Summary

Virtually any disease that results from malfunctioning, damaged, or failing tissues may be potentially cured through regenerative medicine therapies, by either regenerating the damaged tissues in vivo, or by growing the tissues and organs in vitro and implanting them into the patient. Principles of Regenerative Medicine discusses the latest advances in technology and medicine for replacing tissues and organs damaged by disease and of developing therapies for previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and renal failure. Key for all researchers and instituions in Stem Cell Biology, Bioengineering, and Developmental Biology The first of its kind to offer an advanced understanding of the latest technologies in regenerative medicine New discoveries from leading researchers on restoration of diseased tissues and organs

Handbook of Nanophysics

Handbook of Nanophysics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Klaus D. Sattler
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420075496
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Handbook of Nanophysics by Klaus D. Sattler Summary

The tools of nanodiagnostics, nanotherapy, and nanorobotics are expected to revolutionize the future of medicine, leading to presymptomatic diagnosis of disease, highly effective targeted treatment therapy, and minimum side effects. Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanomedicine and Nanorobotics presents an up-to-date overview of the application of nanotechnology to molecular and biological processes, medical imaging, targeted drug delivery, and cancer treatment. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume shows how the materials, tools, and techniques of nanotechnology, such as enzymatic nanolithography, biomimetic approaches, and force spectroscopy, are currently used in biological applications, including living cell biochips, biosensors, protein recognition, and the analysis of biomolecules. Drawing on emerging toxicology research, it examines the impact and risks of nanomaterials on human health and the environment. Researchers at the forefront of the field cover tissue engineering, diagnostic, drug delivery, and therapeutic applications, including organs derived from nanomaterials, quantum dots and magnetic nanoparticles for imaging, pharmaceutical nanocarriers, targeted magnetic particles and biodegradable nanoparticles for drug delivery, and cancer treatment using gold nanoparticles. They also explain how cells and skin respond to these nanomaterials. In addition, the book investigates the next generation of nanotechnology research that is focused on nanorobotics and its potential in detecting and destroying cancer cells and detecting and measuring toxic chemicals. It considers the roles nanoheaters, nanomotors, and nanobatteries can play in this new technology. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Comprehensive Biotechnology

Comprehensive Biotechnology Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444640479
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Comprehensive Biotechnology by Summary

Comprehensive Biotechnology, Third Edition unifies, in a single source, a huge amount of information in this growing field. The book covers scientific fundamentals, along with engineering considerations and applications in industry, agriculture, medicine, the environment and socio-economics, including the related government regulatory overviews. This new edition builds on the solid basis provided by previous editions, incorporating all recent advances in the field since the second edition was published in 2011. Offers researchers a one-stop shop for information on the subject of biotechnology Provides in-depth treatment of relevant topics from recognized authorities, including the contributions of a Nobel laureate Presents the perspective of researchers in different fields, such as biochemistry, agriculture, engineering, biomedicine and environmental science

Principles of Tissue Engineering

Principles of Tissue Engineering Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert Lanza,Robert Langer,Joseph P. Vacanti
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 008053967X
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Principles of Tissue Engineering by Robert Lanza,Robert Langer,Joseph P. Vacanti Summary

The opportunity that tissue engineering provides for medicine is extraordinary. In the United States alone, over half-a-trillion dollars are spent each year to care for patients who suffer from tissue loss or dysfunction. Although numerous books and reviews have been written on tissue engineering, none has been as comprehensive in its defining of the field. Principles of Tissue Engineering combines in one volume the prerequisites for a general understanding of tissue growth and development, the tools and theoretical information needed to design tissues and organs, as well as a presentation of applications of tissue engineering to diseases affecting specific organ systems. The first edition of the book, published in 1997, is the definite reference in the field. Since that time, however, the discipline has grown tremendously, and few experts would have been able to predict the explosion in our knowledge of gene expression, cell growth and differentiation, the variety of stem cells, new polymers and materials that are now available, or even the successful introduction of the first tissue-engineered products into the marketplace. There was a need for a new edition, and this need has been met with a product that defines and captures the sense of excitement, understanding and anticipation that has followed from the evolution of this fascinating and important field. Key Features * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research on all of the major systems of the human body, e.g., skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Essential to anyone working in the field * Educates and directs both the novice and advanced researcher * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research with all of the major systems of the human body, e.g. skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Has new chapters written by leaders in the latest areas of research, such as fetal tissue engineering and the universal cell * Considered the definitive reference in the field * List of contributors reads like a "who's who" of tissue engineering, and includes Robert Langer, Joseph Vacanti, Charles Vacanti, Robert Nerem, A. Hari Reddi, Gail Naughton, George Whitesides, Doug Lauffenburger, and Eugene Bell, among others

Encyclopedia of Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Microbiology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas M. Schmidt
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128117370
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Encyclopedia of Microbiology by Thomas M. Schmidt Summary

Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Fourth Edition gathers both basic and applied dimensions in this dynamic field that includes virtually all environments on Earth. This range attracts a growing number of cross-disciplinary studies, which the encyclopedia makes available to readers from diverse educational backgrounds. The new edition builds on the solid foundation established in earlier versions, adding new material that reflects recent advances in the field. New focus areas include `Animal and Plant Microbiomes’ and ‘Global Impact of Microbes`. The thematic organization of the work allows users to focus on specific areas, e.g., for didactical purposes, while also browsing for topics in different areas. Offers an up-to-date and authoritative resource that covers the entire field of microbiology, from basic principles, to applied technologies Provides an organic overview that is useful to academic teachers and scientists from different backgrounds Includes chapters that are enriched with figures and graphs, and that can be easily consulted in isolation to find fundamental definitions and concepts

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert B. Northrop
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439894981
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Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems by Robert B. Northrop Summary

The boundaries between simple and complicated, and complicated and complex system designations are fuzzy and debatable, even using quantitative measures of complexity. However, if you are a biomedical engineer, a biologist, physiologist, economist, politician, stock market speculator, or politician, you have encountered complex systems. Furthermore, your success depends on your ability to successfully interact with and manage a variety of complex systems. In order not to be blindsided by unexpected results, we need a systematic, comprehensive way of analyzing, modeling, and simulating complex systems to predict non-anticipated outcomes. In its engaging first chapters, the book introduces complex systems, Campbell's Law, and the Law of Unintended Consequences, and mathematics necessary for conversations in complex systems. Subsequent chapters illustrate concepts via commonly studied biological mechanisms. The final chapters focus on higher-level complexity problems, and introduce complexity in economic systems. Designed as a reference for biologists and biological engineers, Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems lends itself to use in a classroom course to introduce advanced students studying biomedical engineering, biophysics, or physiology to complex systems. Engaging and illustrative, this book aids scientists and decision makers in managing biological complexity and complex systems.

Organic Solutes, Oxidative Stress, and Antioxidant Enzymes Under Abiotic Stressors

Organic Solutes, Oxidative Stress, and Antioxidant Enzymes Under Abiotic Stressors Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel Latef
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 100041485X
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Organic Solutes, Oxidative Stress, and Antioxidant Enzymes Under Abiotic Stressors by Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel Latef Summary

This book presents evidence-based approaches and techniques used to diagnose and manage organic solutes, oxidative stress, and antioxidant enzymes in crop plants under abiotic stressors. It discusses strategies in abiotic stress tolerance including osmoregulation, osmoprotectants, and the regulation of compatible solutes and antioxidant enzymes in plants. With contributions from 49 scholars worldwide, this authoritative guide is educational for scientists working with plants and abiotic stressors. Provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of abiotic stress, from abiotic stresses’ effects on plant growth, development, and defense mechanisms, to functionality of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant enzymes in crop plants. Outlines the dangers of reactive oxygen species. Discusses using antioxidant enzymes and antioxidant molecules in plant protection mechanisms. Edited by Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel Latef, Professor of Plant Physiology at South Valley University, Egypt, this book is written for graduate students and scholars researching abiotic plant stressors. “The book represents an excellent strategy to understand the mechanisms and techniques of antioxidant enzymes in the plant cell under stress conditions.” – Professor Mostafa El-sheekh “Provides a thorough and detailed picture of the updated knowledge on the techniques used to manage organic solutes, oxidative stress and stress-related enzymes under abiotic stressors.” – Bhoopander Giri, Ph.D. “Will serve as an imperative source of scientific literature in the plant stress biology field.” – Narendra Singh Yadav, Ph.D. “The book has eighteen chapters written by scholars of international expertise in plant stress management.” – Dr. Sikander PAL, Senior Assistant Professor

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Majid Ghassemi,Azadeh Shahidian
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128038527
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Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow by Majid Ghassemi,Azadeh Shahidian Summary

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow focuses on the use of nanoparticles for bio application and bio-fluidics from an engineering perspective. It introduces the mechanisms underlying thermal and fluid interaction of nanoparticles with biological systems. This book will help readers translate theory into real world applications, such as drug delivery and lab-on-a-chip. The content covers how transport at the nano-scale differs from the macro-scale, also discussing what complications can arise in a biologic system at the nano-scale. It is ideal for students and early career researchers, engineers conducting experimental work on relevant applications, or those who develop computer models to investigate/design these systems. Content coverage includes biofluid mechanics, transport phenomena, micro/nano fluid flows, and heat transfer. Discusses nanoparticle applications in drug delivery Covers the engineering fundamentals of bio heat transfer and fluid flow Explains how to simulate, analyze, and evaluate the transportation of heat and mass problems in bio-systems

Basic and Applied Bone Biology

Basic and Applied Bone Biology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David B. Burr,Matthew R. Allen
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123914590
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Basic and Applied Bone Biology by David B. Burr,Matthew R. Allen Summary

This book provides an overview of skeletal biology from the molecular level to the organ level, including cellular control, interaction and response; adaptive responses to various external stimuli; the interaction of the skeletal system with other metabolic processes in the body; and the effect of various disease processes on the skeleton. The book also includes chapters that address how the skeleton can be evaluated through the use of various imaging technologies, biomechanical testing, histomorphometric analysis, and the use of genetically modified animal models. Presents an in-depth overview of skeletal biology from the molecular to the organ level Offers "refresher" level content for clinicians or researchers outside their areas of expertise Boasts editors and many chapter authors from Indiana and Purdue Universities, two of the broadest and deepest programs in skeletal biology in the US; other chapter authors include clinician scientists from pharmaceutical companies that apply the basics of bone biology

Recent Advances in Plant Biotechnology

Recent Advances in Plant Biotechnology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ara Kirakosyan,Peter B. Kaufman
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441901941
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Recent Advances in Plant Biotechnology by Ara Kirakosyan,Peter B. Kaufman Summary

Plant biotechnology applies to three major areas of plants and their uses: (1) control of plant growth and development; (2) protection of plants against biotic and abiotic stresses; and (3) expansion of ways by which specialty foods, biochemicals, and pharmaceuticals are produced. The topic of recent advances in plant biotechnology is ripe for consideration because of the rapid developments in this ?eld that have revolutionized our concepts of sustainable food production, cost-effective alt- native energy strategies, environmental bioremediation, and production of pla- derived medicines through plant cell biotechnology. Many of the more traditional approaches to plant biotechnology are woefully out of date and even obsolete. Fresh approaches are therefore required. To this end, we have brought together a group of contributors who address the most recent advances in plant biotechnology and what they mean for human progress, and hopefully, a more sustainable future. Achievements today in plant biotechnology have already surpassed all previous expectations. These are based on promising accomplishments in the last several decades and the fact that plant biotechnology has emerged as an exciting area of research by creating unprecedented opportunities for the manipulation of biological systems. In connection with its recent advances, plant biotechnology now allows for the transfer of a greater variety of genetic information in a more precise, controlled manner. The potential for improving plant productivity and its proper use in agric- ture relies largely on newly developed DNA biotechnology and molecular markers.

Genome Editing Tools and Gene Drives

Genome Editing Tools and Gene Drives Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Reagan Mudziwapasi,Ringisai Chekera,Clophas Zibusiso Ncube,Irvonnie Shoko,Berlinda Ncube,Thandanani Moyo,Jeffrey Godfrey Chimbo,Jemethious Dube,Farai Faustos Mashiri,Moira Amanda Mubani,Duncan Maruta,Charity Chimbo,Mpumuzi Masuku,Ryman Shoko,Rutendo Patricia Nyamusamba,Fortune Ntengwa Jomane
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000463109
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Genome Editing Tools and Gene Drives by Reagan Mudziwapasi,Ringisai Chekera,Clophas Zibusiso Ncube,Irvonnie Shoko,Berlinda Ncube,Thandanani Moyo,Jeffrey Godfrey Chimbo,Jemethious Dube,Farai Faustos Mashiri,Moira Amanda Mubani,Duncan Maruta,Charity Chimbo,Mpumuzi Masuku,Ryman Shoko,Rutendo Patricia Nyamusamba,Fortune Ntengwa Jomane Summary

Genome-editing methods are becoming routine tools for molecular and cell biologists. Such tools include ZFNs, CRISPR, megaTALs and TALENs. These tools are revolutionizing the creation of precisely manipulated genomes to modify the characteristics of organisms or cells. Additionally, gene drives have altered the way we understand inheritance laws. They give us the ability to have total control of the inheritance of traits of choice and importance. This succinct volume summarizes the history, principles and applications – as well as the advantages and disadvantages – of each of these tools and various kinds of gene drives. The book is part of a program to produce books helpful to students and faculties of science at colleges and universities. This volume in the Pocket Guides to Biomedical Sciences series will help demystify these technologies. The book fills the gap between established conventional methods and the novel and exciting newly introduced tools of genome editing and gene drives. It will help young scientists understand the emerging genome-editing tools and gene drives, thereby promoting related research and adoption. Key Features Extensively reviews the current genome-editing tools and gene drives Clarifies the targeting mechanisms and specificity of genome-editing tools Details many different types of natural and synthetic gene drives Highlights concerns with gene drives and genome-editing tools Related Titles Brown, T. A. Genomes 4 (ISBN 978-0-8153-4508-4) Samuelsson, T. The Human Genome in Health and Disease: A Story in Four Letters (ISBN 978-0-8153-4591-6) Soh, J., et al. Genome Annotation (ISBN 978-1-4398-4117-4)

Forests and Globalization

Forests and Globalization Pdf/ePub eBook Author: William Nikolakis,John Innes
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317660722
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Forests and Globalization by William Nikolakis,John Innes Summary

The overarching contribution of this book is a review and assessment of the current and future impacts of globalization on the world’s forests. The work has been developed by the "Resources for the Future" Task Force for the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO). Four key themes are addressed: the effect of globalization on forests (including future trade flows); plantations as the primary source of forest products and its consequences, including plant breeding and forest health; the effect of new products such as bio-products and markets on forests; and the emergence of forest ecosystem services and their impact on the landscape and human communities. These four themes are examined in detail to map out the impacts of these trends for forests throughout the world and at multiple scales, and how forest research needs to be adapted to address these trends. Overall, the volume provides a major synthesis of current thinking and knowledge on the topic for advanced students, as well as policy-makers and professionals in the forest sector.

Introduction to Cell and Tissue Culture

Introduction to Cell and Tissue Culture Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jennie P. Mather,Penelope E. Roberts
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0585275718
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Introduction to Cell and Tissue Culture by Jennie P. Mather,Penelope E. Roberts Summary

It is a pleasure to contribute the foreword to Introduction to Cell and Tissue Culture: The ory and Techniques by Mather and Roberts. Despite the occasional appearance of thought ful works devoted to elementary or advanced cell culture methodology, a place remains for a comprehensive and definitive volume that can be used to advantage by both the novice and the expert in the field. In this book, Mather and Roberts present the relevant method ology within a conceptual framework of cell biology, genetics, nutrition, endocrinology, and physiology that renders technical cell culture information in a comprehensive, logical for mat. This allows topics to be presented with an emphasis on troubleshooting problems from a basis of understanding the underlying theory. The material is presented in a way that is adaptable to student use in formal courses; it also should be functional when used on a daily basis by professional cell culturists in a- demia and industry. The volume includes references to relevant Internet sites and other use ful sources of information. In addition to the fundamentals, attention is also given to mod ern applications and approaches to cell culture derivation, medium formulation, culture scale-up, and biotechnology, presented by scientists who are pioneers in these areas. With this volume, it should be possible to establish and maintain a cell culture laboratory devot ed to any of the many disciplines to which cell culture methodology is applicable.

Global Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy Systems

Global Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Olla, Phillip
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466616261
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Global Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy Systems by Olla, Phillip Summary

Over the past decade, the use of Renewable Energy Technology (RET) has significantly increased around the globe. Technologies that once were considered experimental are now being deployed on commercial scales at phenomenal rates, delivering cost-effective substitutions for conventional, fossil fuel-based systems that cause problems including greenhouse gas emissions, expensive operating costs, and global pollution. But these new systems come at a costly rate, and because of this, officials must review their overall efficiency and effectiveness. Global Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy Systems pushes through the boundaries of current research to introduce the concept of an energy management information system, exploring the role of energy for sustainable development. This book goes into great detail describing the benefits of these systems for organizations, focusing on corporate sustainability initiatives and activities to combat climate change. Research presented in this publication includes modeling techniques, software applications, and case studies that reveal how renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, and biomass fuel can have a significant implications for both operating costs and environmental impacts.

Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems

Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128047933
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Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems by Summary

Geographical Information Systems is a computer system used to capture, store, analyze and display information related to positions on the Earth’s surface. It has the ability to show multiple types of information on multiple geographical locations in a single map, enabling users to assess patterns and relationships between different information points, a crucial component for multiple aspects of modern life and industry. This 3-volumes reference provides an up-to date account of this growing discipline through in-depth reviews authored by leading experts in the field. VOLUME EDITORS Thomas J. Cova The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States Ming-Hsiang Tsou San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, United States Georg Bareth University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany Chunqiao Song University of California, Los Angeles, CA, United States Yan Song University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States Kai Cao National University of Singapore, Singapore Elisabete A. Silva University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom Covers a rapidly expanding discipline, providing readers with a detailed overview of all aspects of geographic information systems, principles and applications Emphasizes the practical, socioeconomic applications of GIS Provides readers with a reliable, one-stop comprehensive guide, saving them time in searching for the information they need from different sources

Biosurfactants

Biosurfactants Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Catherine N. Mulligan,Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466518243
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Biosurfactants by Catherine N. Mulligan,Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo Summary

Microbially derived surfactants, called biosurfactants, provide a promising alternative to synthetic surfactants, displaying better availability and being generally nontoxic and biodegradable. Biosurfactants also have the advantage of diverse chemical properties and the potential to be less expensive. They demonstrate properties such as reducing surface tension, stabilizing emulsions, and promoting foaming. With many promising research results, a consolidated resource of biosurfactant knowledge is needed to build a framework for further development of applications. Biosurfactants: Research Trends and Applications fills this need, covering the latest research and development on relevant aspects of biological, biochemical, and physical processes and applications of biosurfactants. This book reviews current knowledge and the latest advances, strategies for improving production processes, and the status of biosynthetic and genetic regulation mechanisms for microbial surfactants. Chapters present research findings on specific biosurfactants, such as high surface activity rhamnolipids, yeast-derived sophorolipids, lipopeptides, and trehalose lipids that have potential for environmental, industrial, and medical uses. The book also describes sources and characteristics of marine microbial biosurfactants, biosurfactants made from food processing by-products and biosurfactants used in the food industry, and biosurfactants for green synthesis of nanoparticles. The text presents applications of biosurfactants in environmental industries and examines interactions between metals and various classes of biosurfactants and related metal remediation technologies. The final chapter reviews the state of the art of biosurfactants and their applications, and proposes approaches to overcome any challenges.

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Medicine and Healthcare

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Medicine and Healthcare Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522574905
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Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Medicine and Healthcare by Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi Summary

Advancements in medical and healthcare technologies pave the way to improving treatments and diagnoses while also streamlining processes to ensure the highest quality care is given to patients. In the last few decades, revolutionary technology has radically progressed the healthcare industry by increasing life expectancy and reducing human error. Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Medicine and Healthcare provides emerging research on bioinformatics, medical ethics, and clinical science in modern applications and settings. While highlighting the challenges medical practitioners and healthcare professionals face when treating patients and striving to optimize their processes, the book shows how revolutionary technologies and methods are vastly improving how healthcare is implemented globally. This book is an important resource for medical researchers, healthcare administrators, doctors, nurses, biomedical engineers, and students looking for comprehensive research on the advancements in healthcare technologies.

Advances in Applied Self-Organizing Systems

Advances in Applied Self-Organizing Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mikhail Prokopenko
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447151135
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Advances in Applied Self-Organizing Systems by Mikhail Prokopenko Summary

How do we design a self-organizing system? Is it possible to validate and control non-deterministic dynamics? What is the right balance between the emergent patterns that bring robustness, adaptability and scalability, and the traditional need for verification and validation of the outcomes? The last several decades have seen much progress from original ideas of “emergent functionality” and “design for emergence”, to sophisticated mathematical formalisms of “guided self-organization”. And yet the main challenge remains, attracting the best scientific and engineering expertise to this elusive problem. This book presents state-of-the-practice of successfully engineered self-organizing systems, and examines ways to balance design and self-organization in the context of applications. As demonstrated in this second edition of Advances in Applied Self-Organizing Systems, finding this balance helps to deal with practical challenges as diverse as navigation of microscopic robots within blood vessels, self-monitoring aerospace vehicles, collective and modular robotics adapted for autonomous reconnaissance and surveillance, self-managing grids and multiprocessor scheduling, data visualization and self-modifying digital and analog circuitry, intrusion detection in computer networks, reconstruction of hydro-physical fields, traffic management, immunocomputing and nature-inspired computation. Many algorithms proposed and discussed in this volume are biologically inspired, and the reader will also gain an insight into cellular automata, genetic algorithms, artificial immune systems, snake-like locomotion, ant foraging, birds flocking, neuromorphic circuits, amongst others. Demonstrating the practical relevance and applicability of self-organization, Advances in Applied Self-Organizing Systems will be an invaluable tool for advanced students and researchers in a wide range of fields.

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080931391
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Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems by Summary

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Second Edition addresses important issues by examining topics of global agriculture and food systems that are key to understanding the challenges we face. Questions it addresses include: Will we be able to produce enough food to meet the increasing dietary needs and wants of the additional two billion people expected to inhabit our planet by 2050? Will we be able to meet the need for so much more food while simultaneously reducing adverse environmental effects of today’s agriculture practices? Will we be able to produce the additional food using less land and water than we use now? These are among the most important challenges that face our planet in the coming decades. The broad themes of food systems and people, agriculture and the environment, the science of agriculture, agricultural products, and agricultural production systems are covered in more than 200 separate chapters of this work. The book provides information that serves as the foundation for discussion of the food and environment challenges of the world. An international group of highly respected authors addresses these issues from a global perspective and provides the background, references, and linkages for further exploration of each of topics of this comprehensive work. Addresses important challenges of sustainability and efficiency from a global perspective. Takes a detailed look at the important issues affecting the agricultural and food industries today. Full colour throughout.

Molecular Biology of B Cells

Molecular Biology of B Cells Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tasuku Honjo,Michael Reth,Andreas Radbruch,Frederick Alt
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123984904
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Molecular Biology of B Cells by Tasuku Honjo,Michael Reth,Andreas Radbruch,Frederick Alt Summary

Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition is a comprehensive reference to how B cells are generated, selected, activated and engaged in antibody production. All of these developmental and stimulatory processes are described in molecular, immunological, and genetic terms to give a clear understanding of complex phenotypes. Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition offers an integrated view of all aspects of B cells to produce a normal immune response as a constant, and the molecular basis of numerous diseases due to B cell abnormality. The new edition continues its success with updated research on microRNAs in B cell development and immunity, new developments in understanding lymphoma biology, and therapeutic targeting of B cells for clinical application. With updated research and continued comprehensive coverage of all aspects of B cell biology, Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition is the definitive resource, vital for researchers across molecular biology, immunology and genetics. Covers signaling mechanisms regulating B cell differentiation Provides information on the development of therapeutics using monoclonal antibodies and clinical application of Ab Contains studies on B cell tumors from various stages of B lymphocytes Offers an integrated view of all aspects of B cells to produce a normal immune response

Food Applications of Nanotechnology

Food Applications of Nanotechnology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gustavo Molina,Inamuddin,Franciele Maria Pelissari,Abdullah Mohamed Asiri
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000022676
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Food Applications of Nanotechnology by Gustavo Molina,Inamuddin,Franciele Maria Pelissari,Abdullah Mohamed Asiri Summary

Nanotechnology has developed remarkably in recent years and, applied in the food industry, has allowed new industrial advances, the improvement of conventional technologies, and the commercialization of products with new features and functionalities. This progress offers the potential to increase productivity for producers, food security for consumers and economic growth for industries. Food Applications of Nanotechnology presents the main advances of nanotechnology for food industry development. The fundamental concepts of the technique are presented, followed by examples of application in several sectors, such as the enhancement of flavor, color and sensory characteristics; the description of the general concepts of nano-supplements, antimicrobial nanoparticles and other active compounds into food; and developments in the field of packaging, among others. In addition, this work updates readers on the industrial development and the main regulatory aspects for the safety and commercialization of nanofoods. Features: Provides a general overview of nanotechnology in the food industry Discusses the current status of the production and use of nanomaterials as food additives Covers the technological developments in the areas of flavor, color and sensory characteristics of food and food additives Reviews nanosupplements and how they provide improvements in nutritional functionality Explains the antibacterial properties of nanoparticles for food applications This book will serve food scientists and technologists, food engineers, chemists and innovators working in food or ingredient research and new product development. Gustavo Molina is associate professor at the UFVJM (Diamantina—Brazil) in Food Engineering and head of the Laboratory of Food Biotechnology and conducts scientific and technical research. His research interests are focused on industrial biotechnology. Dr. Inamuddin is currently working as assistant professor in the chemistry department of Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He is also a permanent faculty member (assistant professor) at the Department of Applied Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. He has extensive research experience in multidisciplinary fields of analytical chemistry, materials chemistry, and electrochemistry and, more specifically, renewable energy and environment. Prof. Abdullah M. Asiri is professor of organic photochemistry and has been the head of the chemistry department at King Abdulaziz University since October 2009, as well as the director of the Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR) since 2010. His research interest covers color chemistry, synthesis of novel photochromic and thermochromic systems, synthesis of novel coloring matters and dyeing of textiles, materials chemistry, nanochemistry and nanotechnology, polymers, and plastics. Franciele Maria Pelissari graduated in Food Engineering; earned her master’s degree (2009) at the University of Londrina (UEL), Londrina, Brazil; and her PhD (2013) at the University of Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, Brazil. Since 2013, she has been associate professor at the Institute of Science and Technology program at the Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri (UFVJM), Diamantina, Brazil, in Food Engineering, and also full professor in the graduate program in Food Science and Technology.

Microbes in Agriculture and Environmental Development

Microbes in Agriculture and Environmental Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Chhatarpal Singh,Shashank Tiwari,Jay Shankar Singh,Ajar Nath Yadav
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000204448
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Microbes in Agriculture and Environmental Development by Chhatarpal Singh,Shashank Tiwari,Jay Shankar Singh,Ajar Nath Yadav Summary

The collection of essays in Microbes in Agriculture and Environmental Development explores the applications of microbes for the improvement of environmental quality and agricultural productivity through inoculants and enzymes. These are useful for the conservation and restoration of degraded natural and agricultural ecosystems, crop yield extension, soil health improvement, and other aspects of agriculture and the environment. It discusses the effective use of microbial technology, wastewater treatment, and recycling of agricultural and industrial wastes. It provides detailed accounts of recent trends in microbial application in plant growth promotion, soil fertility, microbial biomass and diversity, and environmental sustainability through bioremediation, biodegradation, and biosorption processes Features: Discusses microbes and their applications for sustainable agriculture and environmental protection in agro-environmental circumstances Presents innovative and eco-friendly approaches for the remediation of contaminated soil and wastewater Focuses on green technologies and sustainability Includes chapters on sustainable agriculture development through increasing soil fertility, physico-chemical properties and soil microbial biomass in nutrient-deprived soils Defines the role of microbial bio formulation-based consortia in the productivity improvement of agricultural crops It will be an invaluable addition to the bookshelves of researchers and graduate students in agriculture and environmental engineering, soil science; microbiology, sustainable agriculture, and ecosystems. Dr. Chhatarpal Singh is presently the President of Agro Environmental Development Society (AEDS), Majhra Ghat, Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, India. Dr. Tiwari is currently working in the field of methanotrophs ecology (methane oxidizing bacteria), which is sole entity responsible for the oxidation of potent greenhouse gas CH4. Dr. Jay Shankar Singh is presently working as a faculty member in the Department of Environmental Microbiology at Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University in Lucknow, India. Dr. Ajar Nath Yadav is currently serving as an assistant professor in the Department of Biotechnology, Akal College of Agriculture, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India.

The Science of Ethanol

The Science of Ethanol Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Walter E. Goldstein
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315307383
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The Science of Ethanol by Walter E. Goldstein Summary

This book covers all facets involving the production and use of ethanol. Topics include the optimization of raw materials, energy, capital, process model-based computer control, and human resources to produce ethanol. It compares and contrasts processes to prepare ethanol using biotechnology processes to prepare ethanol from chemical synthesis. Matters of optimization of ethanol use as fuel/fuel components are addressed based on thermodynamics, kinetics, and usage. It also discusses pollutants produced from ethanol and mixtures containing ethanol, the status of ways to control these pollutants, and what can be done to minimize the harm to the earth’s ecosystems due to ethanol and gasoline reactions.

Intracorporeal Robotics

Intracorporeal Robotics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael Gauthier,Nicolas Andreff,Etienne Dombre
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118579119
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Intracorporeal Robotics by Michael Gauthier,Nicolas Andreff,Etienne Dombre Summary

A promising long-term evolution of surgery relies on intracorporeal microrobotics. This book reviews the physical and methodological principles, and the scientific challenges to be tackled to design and control such robots. Three orders of magnitude will be considered, justified by the class of problems encountered and solutions implemented to manipulate objects and reach targets within the body: millimetric, sub-millimetric in the 10- 100 micrometer range, then in the 1-10 micrometer range. The most prominent devices and prototypes of the state of the art will be described to illustrate the benefit that can be expected for surgeons and patients. Future developments nanorobotics will also be discussed.

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D/4D Printing

From Additive Manufacturing to 3D/4D Printing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Claude André
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119482771
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From Additive Manufacturing to 3D/4D Printing by Jean-Claude André Summary

With a turnover of some 5-15 billion € / year, the additive manufacturing has industrial niches bearers thanks to processes and materials more and more optimized. While some niches still exist on the application of additive techniques in traditional fields (from jewelery to food for example), several trends emerge, using new concepts: collective production, realization of objects at once (without addition Of material), micro-fluidic, 4D printing exploiting programmable materials and materials, bio-printing, etc. There are both opportunities for new markets, promises not envisaged less than 10 years ago, but difficulties in reaching them.

Calculations for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Calculations for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Frank H. Stephenson
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123756916
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Calculations for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology by Frank H. Stephenson Summary

Calculations for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology: A Guide to Mathematics in the Laboratory, Second Edition, provides an introduction to the myriad of laboratory calculations used in molecular biology and biotechnology. The book begins by discussing the use of scientific notation and metric prefixes, which require the use of exponents and an understanding of significant digits. It explains the mathematics involved in making solutions; the characteristics of cell growth; the multiplicity of infection; and the quantification of nucleic acids. It includes chapters that deal with the mathematics involved in the use of radioisotopes in nucleic acid research; the synthesis of oligonucleotides; the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method; and the development of recombinant DNA technology. Protein quantification and the assessment of protein activity are also discussed, along with the centrifugation method and applications of PCR in forensics and paternity testing. Topics range from basic scientific notations to complex subjects like nucleic acid chemistry and recombinant DNA technology Each chapter includes a brief explanation of the concept and covers necessary definitions, theory and rationale for each type of calculation Recent applications of the procedures and computations in clinical, academic, industrial and basic research laboratories are cited throughout the text New to this Edition: Updated and increased coverage of real time PCR and the mathematics used to measure gene expression More sample problems in every chapter for readers to practice concepts

Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation

Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Surajit Das,Hirak Ranjan Dash
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498762433
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Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation by Surajit Das,Hirak Ranjan Dash Summary

Around the World, metal pollution is a major problem. Conventional practices of toxic metal removal can be ineffective and/or expensive, delaying and exacerbating the crisis. Those communities dealing with contamination must be aware of the fundamentals advances of microbe-mediated metal removal practices because these methods can be easily used and require less remedial intervention. This book describes innovations and efficient applications for metal bioremediation for environments polluted by metal contaminates.

Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management

Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Baozhong Meng,Giovanni P. Martelli,Deborah A. Golino,Marc Fuchs
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319577069
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Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management by Baozhong Meng,Giovanni P. Martelli,Deborah A. Golino,Marc Fuchs Summary

The domestication of grapes dates back five thousand years ago and has spread to nearly all continents. In recent years, grape acreage has increased dramatically in new regions, including the United States of America, Chile, Asia (China and India), and Turkey. A major limiting factor to the sustained production of premium grapes and wines is infections by viruses. The advent of powerful molecular and metagenomics technologies, such as molecular cloning and next generation sequencing, allowed the discovery of new viruses from grapes. To date, grapevine is susceptible to 64 viruses that belong to highly diverse taxonomic groups. The most damaging diseases include: (1) infectious degeneration; (2) leafroll disease complex; and (3) rugose wood complex. Recently, two new disease syndromes have been recognized: Syrah decline and red blotch. Losses due to fanleaf degeneration are estimated at $1 billion annually in France alone. Other diseases including leafroll, rugose wood, Syrah de cline and red blotch can result in total crop loss several years post-infection. This situation is further exacerbated by mixed infections with multiple viruses and other biotic as well as adverse abiotic environmental conditions, such as drought and winter damage, causing even greater destruction. The book builds upon the last handbook (written over twenty years ago) on the part of diagnostics and extensively expands its scope by inclusion of molecular biology aspects of select viruses that are widespread and economically most important. This includes most current information on the biology, transmission, genome replication, transcription, subcellular localization, as well as virus-host interactions. It also touches on several novel areas of scientific inquiry. It also contains suggested directions for future research in the field of grapevine virology.

Stem Cell Engineering

Stem Cell Engineering Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert M. Nerem,Jeanne Loring,Todd C. McDevitt,Sean P. Palecek,David V. Schaffer,Peter W. Zandstra
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319050745
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Stem Cell Engineering by Robert M. Nerem,Jeanne Loring,Todd C. McDevitt,Sean P. Palecek,David V. Schaffer,Peter W. Zandstra Summary

This book describes a global assessment of stem cell engineering research, achieved through site visits by a panel of experts to leading institutes, followed by dedicated workshops. The assessment made clear that engineers and the engineering approach with its quantitative, system-based thinking can contribute much to the progress of stem cell research and development. The increased need for complex computational models and new, innovative technologies, such as high-throughput screening techniques, organ-on-a-chip models and in vitro tumor models require an increasing involvement of engineers and physical scientists. Additionally, this book will show that although the US is still in a leadership position in stem cell engineering, Asian countries such as Japan, China and Korea, as well as European countries like the UK, Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands are rapidly expanding their investments in the field. Strategic partnerships between countries could lead to major advances of the field and scalable expansion and differentiation of stem cells. This study was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Arsenic Toxicity

Arsenic Toxicity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Narayan Chakrabarty
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482241978
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Arsenic Toxicity by Narayan Chakrabarty Summary

The most talked about metalloid in the modern world, arsenic affects the liver, kidney, and lungs; leads to cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes; and may cause blindness with long-time exposure. With naturally occurring arsenic boosted by mining and other industrial processes contaminating soil and drinking water, arsenic toxicity is a major challenge to health professionals and scientists around the world. Arsenic Toxicity: Prevention and Treatment reviews current understanding of arsenic poisoning and the health consequences resulting from exposure. The book paints a vivid picture of the sources of arsenic toxicity including ground water; food such as rice, fruits and vegetables, fish, and chicken as well as occupational exposures from industries using inorganic arsenic such as glass production, non-ferrous alloy, wood preservation, and semiconductor manufacturing units. The text details the health hazards of arsenic toxicity and then examines removal, mainly from soil and water, highlighting eco-friendly bioremediation techniques. It discusses classical and modern treatment methods for arsenic toxicity, emphasizing the use of nutraceuticals and functional foods. With its focus on the remediation of arsenic toxicity using nutraceutical and functional food, the book provides a unique resource for combatting this global scourge. It provides strategies for defending arsenic toxicity naturally without causing any additional adverse effects.

Plant Biotechnology, Volume 2

Plant Biotechnology, Volume 2 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sangita Sahni,Bishun Deo Prasad,Prasant Kumar
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 135181947X
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Plant Biotechnology, Volume 2 by Sangita Sahni,Bishun Deo Prasad,Prasant Kumar Summary

This volume is the second of the new two-volume Plant Biotechnology set. This volume covers many recent advances in the development of transgenic plants that have revolutionized our concepts of sustainable food production, cost-effective alternative energy strategies, microbial biofertilizers and biopesticides, and disease diagnostics through plant biotechnology. With the advancements in plant biotechnology, many of the customary approaches are out of date, and an understanding of new updated approaches is needed. This volume presents information related to recent methods of genetic transformation, gene silencing, development of transgenic crops, biosafety issues, microbial biotechnology, oxidative stress, and plant disease diagnostics and management. Key features: Provides an in-depth knowledge of various techniques of genetic transformation of plants, chloroplast, and fungus Describes advances in gene silencing in plants Discusses transgenic plants for various traits and their application in crop improvement Looks at genetically modified foods and biodiesel production Describes biotechnological approaches in horticultural and ornamental plants Explores the biosafety aspect associated with transgenic crops Considers the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture

Research Anthology on Emerging Techniques in Environmental Remediation

Research Anthology on Emerging Techniques in Environmental Remediation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1668437155
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Research Anthology on Emerging Techniques in Environmental Remediation by Management Association, Information Resources Summary

As industry develops globally, environmental pollution grows to be an increasingly serious problem with each passing year. While there are many things that individuals on every level of power can do to mitigate the harm done to the environment, environmental remediation is a step to take to save our soil and water resources. As this problem is ongoing, it is essential to be knowledgeable in the emerging techniques made within the field of environmental remediation. The Research Anthology on Emerging Techniques in Environmental Remediation is a comprehensive resource on the emerging techniques and developments made within the field of environmental remediation. With global contributing authors, this book explores environmental remediation within diverse settings and international standards. Covering topics such as pollution and contamination, nanotechnology, and agriculture, this book is an essential reference for scientists, chemists, environmentalists, government officials, professors, students, researchers, conservationists, and academicians.

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