Beyond Pleasure and Pain by E. Tory Higgins

Beyond Pleasure and Pain
  • Title : Beyond Pleasure and Pain
  • Author : E. Tory Higgins
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199765820
  • Pages : 554
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How does motivation work? Scientific research shows that people are motivated to be effective in different ways that go beyond the pursuit of pleasure and the avoidance of pain. In this text, E. Tory Higgins provides a new theory of motivation that argues that people are motivated by the pursuit of value, truth, and control, but the central story to motivation lies in how these elements work together.


Shared Reality by E. Tory Higgins

Shared Reality
  • Title : Shared Reality
  • Author : E. Tory Higgins
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190948051
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What does it mean to be human? Why do we feel and behave in the ways that we do? The classic answer is that we have a special kind of intelligence. But to understand what we are as humans, we also need to know what we are like motivationally. And what is central to this story, what is special about human motivation, is that humans want to share with others their inner experiences about the world--share how they feel, what they believe, and what they want to happen in the future. They want to create a shared reality with others. People have a shared reality together when they experience having in common a feeling about something, a belief about something, or a concern about something. They feel connected to another person or group by knowing that this person or group sees the world the same way that they do--they share what is real about the world. In this work, Dr. Higgins describes how our human motivation for shared reality evolved in our species, and how it develops in our children as shared feelings, shared practices, and shared goals and roles. Shared reality is crucial to what we believe--sharing is believing. It is central to our sense of self, what we strive for and how we strive. It is basic to how we get along with others. It brings us together in fellowship and companionship, but it also tears us apart by creating in-group "bubbles" that conflict with one another. Our shared realities are the best of us, and the worst of us.


Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior by Jerry Suls,Rebecca L. Collins,Ladd Wheeler

Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior
  • Title : Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior
  • Author : Jerry Suls,Rebecca L. Collins,Ladd Wheeler
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190629118
  • Pages : 680
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Comparison with other people, a core element of social life, influences self-concept, attitudes, conformity, psychological and physical well-being, achievement, educational outcomes, and social movements. Social comparison has become particularly salient as social and income inequalities have been increasingly recognized in the United States and elsewhere globally. This volume presents classic and state-of-the-science chapters by leading experts that survey the major areas of social comparison theory and research. Authored by noted experts, the volume is divided into three sections: Basic Comparison Processes, Neighboring Fields, and Applications. The first section is comprised of chapters that update classic theories and present contemporary advances, such as the dominating effect of local versus global comparisons, an analysis of the psychology of competition, how comparisons across different domains influence self-concept and achievement, and the integral connections between stereotyping and comparison. The second section introduces perspectives from related fields, such as the decision and network sciences, that shed new light on social comparison. The third section focuses on practical applications of comparison, including relative deprivation, health psychology, the effects of income inequality on well-being, and the relationship of power to comparison. This volume is a must-read for anyone interested in the field of social comparison and its implications for everyday life.


A Fine Line by George C. Dertadian

A Fine Line
  • Title : A Fine Line
  • Author : George C. Dertadian
  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN Code : 9789811319747
  • Pages : 285
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Are painkillers mundane medications safe for use to ease human suffering? Or are they drugs of abuse that cause addiction and death? Do they ameliorate pain, or do they cause it? This book explores growing interest among medical practitioners media outlets about the ‘misuse’ or ‘abuse’ of pharmaceutical pain medications. It contextualizes these emerging discourses of pharmaceutical ‘abuse’ within the social and political histories from which they have emerged by exploring the role of pleasure and pain in shaping individualized modes of medication consumption in a neoliberal age of anxiety. The book is divided into two parts: the first addresses the discursive construction of painkiller (ab)use as articulated in research and policy accounts; the second part provides an empirical investigation that draws on the lived experience of those who engage in non-medical consumption. This book argues that, contrary to the stereotype of the ‘seductive’ drug that coaxes its user into a life of dysfunction, there appears to be an intimate relationship between the motivations of pleasure seeking, health practice and productive citizenship among people who use painkillers for non-medical reasons.


Beyond the Pleasure Principle by Sigmund Freud

Beyond the Pleasure Principle
  • Title : Beyond the Pleasure Principle
  • Author : Sigmund Freud
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • ISBN Code : 0141184051
  • Pages : 270
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A collection of some of Freud's most famous essays, including: On the Introduction of Narcissim, Remembering, Repeating and Working Through, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, The Ego and the ID and Inhibition, Symptom and Fear.


Focus by Heidi Grant Halvorson,E. Tory Higgins

Focus
  • Title : Focus
  • Author : Heidi Grant Halvorson,E. Tory Higgins
  • Publisher : Plume
  • ISBN Code : 9780142180730
  • Pages : 251
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Demonstrates how respective approaches to pleasure and pain can provide insight into how to motivate others, outlining strategies for identifying and changing focus to get results in various situations, from selling product and managing employees to raising children and promoting relationships.


Beyond the Pleasure Principle by Sigmund Freud

Beyond the Pleasure Principle
  • Title : Beyond the Pleasure Principle
  • Author : Sigmund Freud
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • ISBN Code : 0486790304
  • Pages : 64
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Controversial 1920 publication expands Freud's theoretical approach to include the death drive. The philosopher's concept of the ongoing struggle between harmony (Eros) and destruction (Thanatos) influenced his subsequent work.


Story-Based Inquiry: A Manual for Investigative Journalists by Mark Lee Hunter,gratuit,Unesco

Story-Based Inquiry: A Manual for Investigative Journalists
  • Title : Story-Based Inquiry: A Manual for Investigative Journalists
  • Author : Mark Lee Hunter,gratuit,Unesco
  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • ISBN Code : 9231041894
  • Pages : 87
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


How Pleasure Works by Paul Bloom

How Pleasure Works
  • Title : How Pleasure Works
  • Author : Paul Bloom
  • Publisher : Random House
  • ISBN Code : 1446484246
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

We are attracted, whether we know it or not, to the hidden aspects of things and people. Some teenagers enjoy cutting themselves with razors. Some men pay good money to be spanked by prostitutes. The average Briton spends over a day a week watching television. People slow their cars to look at gory accidents and go to sentimental movies that make them cry. In this revealing and witty account, Paul Bloom examines the science behind these curious desires, attractions and tastes, exploring one of the most fascinating and fundamental engines of human behaviour. Drawing on insights from child development, philosophy, neuroscience and behavioural economics, How Pleasure Works shows how certain universal habits of the human mind explain what we like and why we like it.


An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham

An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
  • Title : An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
  • Author : Jeremy Bentham
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward by Jay A. Gottfried

Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward
  • Title : Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward
  • Author : Jay A. Gottfried
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 142006729X
  • Pages : 466
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Synthesizing coverage of sensation and reward into a comprehensive systems overview, Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward presents a cutting-edge and multidisciplinary approach to the interplay of sensory and reward processing in the brain. While over the past 70 years these areas have drifted apart, this book makes a case for reuniting sensation and reward by highlighting the important links and interface between the two. Emphasizing the role of reward in reinforcing behaviors, the book begins with an exploration of the history, ecology, and evolution of sensation and reward. Progressing through the five senses, contributors explore how the brain extracts information from sensory cues. The chapter authors examine how different animal species predict rewards, thereby integrating sensation and reward in learning, focusing on effects in anatomy, physiology, and behavior. Drawing on empirical research, contributors build on the themes of the book to present insights into the human sensory rewards of perfume, art, and music, setting the scene for further cross-disciplinary collaborations that bridge the neurobiological interface between sensation and reward.


The Oxford Handbook of Close Relationships by Jeffry A. Simpson,Lorne Campbell

The Oxford Handbook of Close Relationships
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Close Relationships
  • Author : Jeffry A. Simpson,Lorne Campbell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0195398696
  • Pages : 846
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book provides an in-depth and comprehensive summary of the psychology of close relationships, and showcases classic and contemporary theories, models, and empirical research that have been conducted in the field.


Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis by David Mann,Georg Northoff,Allan N. Schore,Robert Stickgold,Bessel A. Van Der Kolk,Grigoris Vaslamatzis,Matthew P. Walker

Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis
  • Title : Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis
  • Author : David Mann,Georg Northoff,Allan N. Schore,Robert Stickgold,Bessel A. Van Der Kolk,Grigoris Vaslamatzis,Matthew P. Walker
  • Publisher : Frenis Zero
  • ISBN Code : 8897479065
  • Pages : 300
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The book gathers some papers concerning the dialogue between neuroscience and psychoanalysis. Following the Introduction written by Georg Northoff, concerning the possibility of overcoming the highly impasse generating contraposition between localizationism and holism, G. Vaslamatzis deals with a “Framework for a new dialogue between psychoanalysis and neurosciences”. In this chapter the author describes three points of epistemological congruence: firstly, dualism is no longer a satisfactory solution; secondly, cautions for the centrality of interpretation (hermeneutics); and, thirdly, the self-criticism of neuroscientists. David W.Mann in his contribution “The mirror crack’d: dissociation and reflexivity in self and group phenomena” tries to show how reflexive processes generate each of three levels of the human system (self, relationships, group) and integrate them one to another, while dissociative processes tend throughout to pull them apart. Health and illness within the self, the relationship and the group can be understood as special states of the dynamic equilibria between these cohesive and dispersive trends. In “Sleep, memory and plasticity” Matthew P. Walker and Robert Stickgold outline a review of the researches following the discovery of rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep, and specifically of those that began testing the hypothesis that sleep, or even specific stages of sleep, actively participated in the process of memory development. The last two chapters, “Clinical implications of neuroscience research in PTSD” by Bessel A. Van Der Kolk, and “Dysregulation of the right brain: a fundamental mechanism of traumatic attachment and the psychopathogenesis of PTSD” by Allan N. Schore, demonstrate how the psychopathology of traumatic conditions can be a fertile field of dialogue between neuroscience and psychoanalysis.


Recent Advances in Drug Addiction Research and Clinical Applications by William Meil,Christina Ruby

Recent Advances in Drug Addiction Research and Clinical Applications
  • Title : Recent Advances in Drug Addiction Research and Clinical Applications
  • Author : William Meil,Christina Ruby
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN Code : 9535124919
  • Pages : 230
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Although it is well-accepted that drug addiction is a major public health concern, how we address it as a society continues to evolve as recent advances in the lab and clinic clarify the nature of the problem and influence our views. This unique collection of eight chapters reviews key findings on the neurobiology and therapeutics of addiction while capturing the diversity of perspectives that shape these concepts, which range from evolutionary biology to psychiatry to the legal system. This book discusses in depth how technological advances have led to important discoveries and how these discoveries, in turn, are increasingly being translated into clinical practice. It also presents avenues for future study that hold promise for the many affected by addiction.


Ethics for A-Level by Mark Dimmock,Andrew Fisher

Ethics for A-Level
  • Title : Ethics for A-Level
  • Author : Mark Dimmock,Andrew Fisher
  • Publisher : Open Book Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 1783743913
  • Pages : 262
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What does pleasure have to do with morality? What role, if any, should intuition have in the formation of moral theory? If something is ‘simulated’, can it be immoral? This accessible and wide-ranging textbook explores these questions and many more. Key ideas in the fields of normative ethics, metaethics and applied ethics are explained rigorously and systematically, with a vivid writing style that enlivens the topics with energy and wit. Individual theories are discussed in detail in the first part of the book, before these positions are applied to a wide range of contemporary situations including business ethics, sexual ethics, and the acceptability of eating animals. A wealth of real-life examples, set out with depth and care, illuminate the complexities of different ethical approaches while conveying their modern-day relevance. This concise and highly engaging resource is tailored to the Ethics components of AQA Philosophy and OCR Religious Studies, with a clear and practical layout that includes end-of-chapter summaries, key terms, and common mistakes to avoid. It should also be of practical use for those teaching Philosophy as part of the International Baccalaureate. Ethics for A-Level is of particular value to students and teachers, but Fisher and Dimmock’s precise and scholarly approach will appeal to anyone seeking a rigorous and lively introduction to the challenging subject of ethics. Tailored to the Ethics components of AQA Philosophy and OCR Religious Studies.


The Body in Pain by Elaine Scarry

The Body in Pain
  • Title : The Body in Pain
  • Author : Elaine Scarry
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780195049961
  • Pages : 385
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Discusses the inexpressibility of physical pain and analyzes the philosophical and cultural aspects of pain, torture, and war


Pleasures of the Brain by Morten L. Kringelbach,Kent C. Berridge

Pleasures of the Brain
  • Title : Pleasures of the Brain
  • Author : Morten L. Kringelbach,Kent C. Berridge
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199716137
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Pleasure is fundamental to well-being and the quality of life, but until recently, was barely explored by science. Current research on pleasure has brought about ground-breaking developments on several fronts, and new data on pleasure and the brain have begun to converge from many disparate fields. The time is ripe to present these important findings in a single volume, and so Morten Kringelbach and Kent Berridge have brought together the leading researchers to provides a comprehensive review of our current scientific understanding of pleasure. The authors present their latest neuroscientific research into pleasure, describing studies on the brain's role in pleasure and reward in animals and humans, including brain mechanisms, neuroimaging data, and psychological analyses, as well as how their findings have been applied to clinical problems, such as depression and other disorders of hedonic well-being. To clarify the differences between their views, the researchers also provide short answers to a set of fundamental questions about pleasure and its relation to the brain. This book is intended to serve as both a starting point for readers new to the field, and as a reference for more experienced graduate students and scientists from fields such as neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, neurology, and neurosurgery.


Parenting Matters by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children

Parenting Matters
  • Title : Parenting Matters
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309388546
  • Pages : 524
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the familyâ€"which includes all primary caregiversâ€"are at the foundation of children's well- being and healthy development. From birth, children are learning and rely on parents and the other caregivers in their lives to protect and care for them. The impact of parents may never be greater than during the earliest years of life, when a child's brain is rapidly developing and when nearly all of her or his experiences are created and shaped by parents and the family environment. Parents help children build and refine their knowledge and skills, charting a trajectory for their health and well-being during childhood and beyond. The experience of parenting also impacts parents themselves. For instance, parenting can enrich and give focus to parents' lives; generate stress or calm; and create any number of emotions, including feelings of happiness, sadness, fulfillment, and anger. Parenting of young children today takes place in the context of significant ongoing developments. These include: a rapidly growing body of science on early childhood, increases in funding for programs and services for families, changing demographics of the U.S. population, and greater diversity of family structure. Additionally, parenting is increasingly being shaped by technology and increased access to information about parenting. Parenting Matters identifies parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with positive developmental outcomes in children ages 0-8; universal/preventive and targeted strategies used in a variety of settings that have been effective with parents of young children and that support the identified knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and barriers to and facilitators for parents' use of practices that lead to healthy child outcomes as well as their participation in effective programs and services. This report makes recommendations directed at an array of stakeholders, for promoting the wide-scale adoption of effective programs and services for parents and on areas that warrant further research to inform policy and practice. It is meant to serve as a roadmap for the future of parenting policy, research, and practice in the United States.


Social Psychology, Third Edition by Paul A. M. Van Lange,E. Tory Higgins,Arie W. Kruglanski

Social Psychology, Third Edition
  • Title : Social Psychology, Third Edition
  • Author : Paul A. M. Van Lange,E. Tory Higgins,Arie W. Kruglanski
  • Publisher : Guilford Publications
  • ISBN Code : 1462543987
  • Pages : 654
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge on the psychological processes that underlie social behavior. Leading investigators identify core principles that have emerged from the study of biological systems, social cognition, goals and strivings, interpersonal interactions, and group and cultural dynamics. State-of-the-science theories, methods, and findings are explained, and important directions for future research are highlighted"--


Assessing Well-Being by Ed Diener

Assessing Well-Being
  • Title : Assessing Well-Being
  • Author : Ed Diener
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9048123542
  • Pages : 274
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Sandvik, Diener, and Seidlitz (1993) paper is another that has received widespread attention because it documented the fact that self-report well-being scales correlate with a number of other methods of measuring the same concepts, such as with reports by knowledgeable “informants” (family and friends), expe- ence sampling measurement, and the memory for good versus bad life events. A single factor was found to underlie measures using different methods, and a n- ber of different well-being self-report measures were found to correlate with the non-self-report measures. Thus, although the self-report measures of well-being are imperfect, and can be in uenced by response artifacts, they have substantial validity as shown by their correlations with measurements based on alternative methods. Whereas the Pavot and Diener article reviewed the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Lucas, Diener, and Larsen (2003) paper reviews various approaches to assessing positive emotions. As we wrote in the chapter in this volume in which we present new measures, we do not consider any of the existing measures of positive affect to be entirely acceptable for measuring subjective well-being in the affect area, and that is why we have created and validated a new measure.


Switch by Dan Heath,Chip Heath

Switch
  • Title : Switch
  • Author : Dan Heath,Chip Heath
  • Publisher : Random House
  • ISBN Code : 1448108217
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

___________________________________ Change is hard. It doesn't have to be. We all know that change is hard. It's unsettling, it's time-consuming, and all too often we give up at the first sign of a setback. But why do we insist on seeing the obstacles rather than the goal? This is the question that bestselling authors Chip and Dan Heath tackle in their compelling and insightful book. They argue that we need only understand how our minds function in order to unlock shortcuts to switches in behaviour. Illustrating their ideas with scientific studies and remarkable real-life turnarounds - from the secrets of successful marriage counselling to the pile of gloves that transformed one company's finances - the brothers Heath prove that deceptively simple methods can yield truly extraordinary results.


On Being Human and Pleasure and Pain by G. Marian Kinget

On Being Human and Pleasure and Pain
  • Title : On Being Human and Pleasure and Pain
  • Author : G. Marian Kinget
  • Publisher : University Press of Amer
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 314
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this volume, G. Marian Kinget's classic work, On Being Human, can be read for the first time in light of a second, previously unpublished work, Pleasure And Pain. Taken together, these two works offer a new generation of readers a comprehensive picture of the insights, principles, and goals of humanistic psychology. On Being Human, Kinget's pioneering work, which arose from the original humanistic revolution in psychology, systematically describes the characteristics that make human beings different from all other forms of life. In this work, Kinget explores man in his full nature not solely as a biological organism modified by experience and culture. She presents a person as a symbolic entity capable of pondering his existence, and lending it meaning and direction. Man is the only animal who knowingly exists in space and time, manifesting transcendental and metaphysical concern throughout history and culture. On Being Human presents the fundamentals of any valid approach to psychology as well as to other fields concerned with the individuality of the human being. It describes the specific human capacities for reflective thought and declarative language, and it discusses the unique ability of humans to devise culture and question origins. Pleasure and Pain considers the interdependence of human pleasure and pain. This idea, which leads to unnecessary fears and unwarranted expectations, goes unrecognized in a contemporary western society focused on the accumulation of pleasure without any awareness of the duality of the pleasure-pain experience. Kinget refutes the widespread fallacy that fun lies in the means, when it actually lies in the subject, and she discusses the human potential for autonomous "management" of the pleasure-pain dimension of human existence.


Walden Two by B. F. Skinner

Walden Two
  • Title : Walden Two
  • Author : B. F. Skinner
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1603840362
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A reprint of the 1976 Macmillan edition. This fictional outline of a modern utopia has been a center of controversy ever since its publication in 1948. Set in the United States, it pictures a society in which human problems are solved by a scientific technology of human conduct.


The Joy of Movement by Kelly McGonigal

The Joy of Movement
  • Title : The Joy of Movement
  • Author : Kelly McGonigal
  • Publisher : Avery
  • ISBN Code : 0525534121
  • Pages : 272
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The bestselling author of The Willpower Instinct introduces a surprising science-based book that doesn't tell us why we should exercise but instead shows us how to fall in love with movement. Exercise is health-enhancing and life-extending, yet many of us feel it's a chore. But, as Kelly McGonigal reveals, it doesn't have to be. Movement can and should be a source of joy. Through her trademark blend of science and storytelling, McGonigal draws on insights from neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, and evolutionary biology, as well as memoirs, ethnographies, and philosophers. She shows how movement is intertwined with some of the most basic human joys, including self-expression, social connection, and mastery--and why it is a powerful antidote to the modern epidemics of depression, anxiety, and loneliness. McGonigal tells the stories of people who have found fulfillment and belonging through running, walking, dancing, swimming, weightlifting, and more, with examples that span the globe, from Tanzania, where one of the last hunter-gatherer tribes on the planet live, to a dance class at Juilliard for people with Parkinson's disease, to the streets of London, where volunteers combine fitness and community service, to races in the remote wilderness, where athletes push the limits of what a human can endure. Along the way, McGonigal paints a portrait of human nature that highlights our capacity for hope, cooperation, and self-transcendence. The result is a revolutionary narrative that goes beyond familiar arguments in favor of exercise, to illustrate why movement is integral to both our happiness and our humanity. Readers will learn what they can do in their own lives and communities to harness the power of movement to create happiness, meaning, and connection.


Social Psychology by E. Tory Higgins,Arie W. Kruglanski

Social Psychology
  • Title : Social Psychology
  • Author : E. Tory Higgins,Arie W. Kruglanski
  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781572301009
  • Pages : 948
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

While social psychology has made fundamental contributions to the understanding of basic principles that underlie social behavior, these principles themselves--including expectancies, goals, explanations, arousal, social influence, interdependence, social conflict, persuasion, and social standards--have never been directly reviewed in a comprehensive manner. Filling a significant gap in the literature, this authoritative reference and text illuminates the essential processes, mechanisms, and structures at different levels of analysis--biological, cognitive, motivational, interpersonal, and group/cultural--to provide access to the central principles that guide social psychological investigation. Formatted for easy reference and comparison, each chapter describes alternative conceptualizations of a particular principle and reviews research supporting (and failing to support) these different perspectives. Covering all the significant theories and research programs, the empirical literature is surveyed not for the traditional function of providing comprehensive reviews of content areas, but for its relevance to broad conceptual issues. This enables readers to get a better idea of the "big picture" concerning various social psychological principles, facilitating their ability to keep track of conceptual trends and developments in social psychology. An essential tool for all social psychologists, as well as professionals in related fields, this authoritative handbook also serves as an invaluable text for advanced classes in social psychology.


Pain, Pleasure, and the Greater Good by Cathy Gere

Pain, Pleasure, and the Greater Good
  • Title : Pain, Pleasure, and the Greater Good
  • Author : Cathy Gere
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN Code : 022650185X
  • Pages : 292
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Contents " -- "Introduction: Diving into the Wreck" -- "1. Trial of the Archangels" -- "2. Epicurus at the Scaffold" -- "3. Nasty, British, and Short" -- "4. The Monkey in the Panopticon" -- "5. In Which We Wonder Who Is Crazy" -- "6. Epicurus Unchained" -- "Afterword: The Restoration of the Monarchy" -- "Notes" -- "Bibliography


Well-Being by Daniel Kahneman,Edward Diener,Norbert Schwarz

Well-Being
  • Title : Well-Being
  • Author : Daniel Kahneman,Edward Diener,Norbert Schwarz
  • Publisher : Russell Sage Foundation
  • ISBN Code : 161044325X
  • Pages : 608
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The nature of well-being is one of the most enduring and elusive subjects of human inquiry. Well-Being draws upon the latest scientific research to transform our understanding of this ancient question. With contributions from leading authorities in psychology, social psychology, and neuroscience, this volume presents the definitive account of current scientific efforts to understand human pleasure and pain, contentment and despair. The distinguished contributors to this volume combine a rigorous analysis of human sensations, emotions, and moods with a broad assessment of the many factors, from heredity to nationality, that bear on our well-being. Using the tools of experimental science, the contributors confront the puzzles of human likes and dislikes. Why do we grow accustomed and desensitized to changes in our lives, both good and bad? Does our happiness reflect the circumstances of our lives or is it determined by our temperament and personality? Why do humans acquire tastes for sensations that are initially painful or unpleasant? By examining the roots of our everyday likes and dislikes, the book also sheds light on some of the more extreme examples of attraction and aversion, such as addiction and depression. Among its wide ranging inquiries, Well-Being examines systematic differences in moods and behaviors between genders, explaining why women suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety than men, but are also more inclined to express positive emotions. The book also makes international comparisons, finding that some countries' populations report higher levels of happiness than others. The contributors deploy an array of methods, from the surveys and questionnaires of social science to psychological and physiological experiments, to develop a comprehensive new approach to the study of well-being. They show how the sensory pleasures of the body can tells us something about the higher pleasures of the mind and even how the effectiveness of our immune system can depend upon the health of our social relationships.


Flow by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Flow
  • Title : Flow
  • Author : Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • ISBN Code : 0061876720
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

THE BESTSELLING CLASSIC ON 'FLOW' – THE KEY TO UNLOCKING MEANING, CREATIVITY, PEAK PERFORMANCE, AND TRUE HAPPINESS Legendary psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's famous investigations of "optimal experience" have revealed that what makes an experience genuinely satisfying is a state of consciousness called flow. During flow, people typically experience deep enjoyment, creativity, and a total involvement with life. In this new edition of his groundbreaking classic work, Csikszentmihalyi ("the leading researcher into ‘flow states’" —Newsweek) demonstrates the ways this positive state can be controlled, not just left to chance. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience teaches how, by ordering the information that enters our consciousness, we can discover true happiness, unlock our potential, and greatly improve the quality of our lives. "Explores a happy state of mind called flow, the feeling of complete engagement in a creative or playful activity." —Time


Satisfaction by Gregory Berns

Satisfaction
  • Title : Satisfaction
  • Author : Gregory Berns
  • Publisher : Henry Holt and Company
  • ISBN Code : 9781429900133
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"A discussion that is meaty, contemporary and expansive . . . Berns artfully blends social critique with technical expertise."- The Washington Post Book World In a riveting narrative look at the brain and the power of novelty to satisfy it, Dr. Gregory Berns explores fields as diverse as neuroscience, economics, and evolutionary psychology to find answers to the fundamental question of how we can find a more satisfying way to think and live. We join Berns as he follows ultramarathoners across the Sierra Nevadas, enters a suburban S&M club to explore the deeper connection between pleasure and pain, partakes of a truly transporting meal, and ultimately returns home to face the challenge of incorporating novelty into a long-term relationship. In a narrative as compelling as its insights are trenchant, Satisfaction will convince you that the more complicated and even downright challenging a life you pursue, the more likely it is that you will be satisfied.


Brain-Friendly Strategies for the Inclusion Classroom by Judy Willis

Brain-Friendly Strategies for the Inclusion Classroom
  • Title : Brain-Friendly Strategies for the Inclusion Classroom
  • Author : Judy Willis
  • Publisher : ASCD
  • ISBN Code : 1416617434
  • Pages : 227
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Many teachers in regular classrooms feel unprepared to teach students with learning disabilities. Fortunately, brain research has confirmed that strategies benefiting learners with special challenges are suited for engaging and stimulating all learners. In this book, neurologist and classroom teacher Judy Willis explains that we can best help students by putting in place strategies, accommodations, and interventions that provide developmentally and academically appropriate challenges to suit the needs, gifts, and goals of each student. Brain-Friendly Strategies for the Inclusion Classroom will help teachers * Understand how the brain learns and the technologies that reveal this process. * Implement strategies that are compatible with students' individual learning styles and honor their multiple intelligences. * Improve the focus of students with attention disorders and help them gain the confidence and skills they need to develop goal-oriented behaviors. * Create an enriching learning environment by incorporating student-centered activities, discovery and hands-on learning experiences, cross-curricular learning, and multisensory lessons. * Implement strategic review, study, and test preparation strategies that will allow students to retain information and connect it with future learning. * Build safe, supportive classroom communities and raise class awareness and empathy for students with learning disabilities. It's time for teachers to lower the barriers, not the bar. Using strategies that align with research on how people's brains function, teachers can engage all students as individuals and help them reach their maximum potential with joy and confidence.


Intrinsic Motivation by Edward L. Deci

Intrinsic Motivation
  • Title : Intrinsic Motivation
  • Author : Edward L. Deci
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 1461344468
  • Pages : 324
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

As I begin to write this Preface, I feel a rush of excitement. I have now finished the book; my gestalt is coming into completion. Throughout the months that I have been writing this, I have, indeed, been intrinsically motivated. Now that it is finished I feel quite competent and self-determining (see Chapter 2). Whether or not those who read the book will perceive me that way is also a concern of mine (an extrinsic one), but it is a wholly separate issue from the intrinsic rewards I have been experiencing. This book presents a theoretical perspective. It reviews an enormous amount of research which establishes unequivocally that intrinsic motivation exists. Also considered herein are various approaches to the conceptualizing of intrinsic motivation. The book concentrates on the approach which has developed out of the work of Robert White (1959), namely, that intrinsically motivated behaviors are ones which a person engages in so that he may feel competent and self-determining in relation to his environment. The book then considers the development of intrinsic motiva tion, how behaviors are motivated intrinsically, how they relate to and how intrinsic motivation is extrinsically motivated behaviors, affected by extrinsic rewards and controls. It also considers how changes in intrinsic motivation relate to changes in attitudes, how people attribute motivation to each other, how the attribution process is motivated, and how the process of perceiving motivation (and other internal states) in oneself relates to perceiving them in others.


APA Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology by Sheldon Zedeck,American Psychological Association

APA Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology
  • Title : APA Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology
  • Author : Sheldon Zedeck,American Psychological Association
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781433807275
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The field of industrial and organizational (I/O) psychology is rapidly evolving and has entered a new frontier: The world of work and workers is changing; approaches to studying issues are becoming more diverse, more multidisciplinary, and more interdisciplinary; and the study has broadened to include individuals, teams, organizations, environments, cultures, and societies. The goal of this handbook is to capture these current changes and the implications that they have for the research and practice of I/O psychology. This handbook presents what is currently known and, perhaps more important, suggests avenues for further pursuit in light of the conditions existing today and aims to educate and inform readers about the field and how it might have an impact on the future. The purpose of this handbook is to present the types of issues that I/O psychologists study, the questions they pursue, the research they conduct, and the interventions they implement. We present these from both theoretical and applied perspectives. Volume 1 is titled Building and developing the organization. The chapters in this volume discuss the foundation for I/O psychology, the field itself, and then engage the issues that one considers when an individual begins to plan for an organization. Part I presents the foundational issues in I/O psychology. Part II focuses on perspectives on designing organizations and human resource systems. Part III in Volume I focuses on specific issues identified with designing work and structuring experiences for the members of the organization".


The Affirmation of Life by Bernard REGINSTER,Bernard Reginster

The Affirmation of Life
  • Title : The Affirmation of Life
  • Author : Bernard REGINSTER,Bernard Reginster
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0674042646
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

While most recent studies of Nietzsche's works have lost sight of the fundamental question of the meaning of a life characterized by inescapable suffering, Bernard Reginster's book The Affirmation of Life brings it sharply into focus. Reginster identifies overcoming nihilism as a central objective of Nietzsche's philosophical project, and shows how this concern systematically animates all of his main ideas.


On Beauty and Being Just by Elaine Scarry

On Beauty and Being Just
  • Title : On Beauty and Being Just
  • Author : Elaine Scarry
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1400847354
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Have we become beauty-blind? For two decades or more in the humanities, various political arguments have been put forward against beauty: that it distracts us from more important issues; that it is the handmaiden of privilege; and that it masks political interests. In On Beauty and Being Just Elaine Scarry not only defends beauty from the political arguments against it but also argues that beauty does indeed press us toward a greater concern for justice. Taking inspiration from writers and thinkers as diverse as Homer, Plato, Marcel Proust, Simone Weil, and Iris Murdoch as well as her own experiences, Scarry offers up an elegant, passionate manifesto for the revival of beauty in our intellectual work as well as our homes, museums, and classrooms. Scarry argues that our responses to beauty are perceptual events of profound significance for the individual and for society. Presenting us with a rare and exceptional opportunity to witness fairness, beauty assists us in our attention to justice. The beautiful object renders fairness, an abstract concept, concrete by making it directly available to our sensory perceptions. With its direct appeal to the senses, beauty stops us, transfixes us, fills us with a "surfeit of aliveness." In so doing, it takes the individual away from the center of his or her self-preoccupation and thus prompts a distribution of attention outward toward others and, ultimately, she contends, toward ethical fairness. Scarry, author of the landmark The Body in Pain and one of our bravest and most creative thinkers, offers us here philosophical critique written with clarity and conviction as well as a passionate plea that we change the way we think about beauty.


Motivation And Personality by A H Maslow

Motivation And Personality
  • Title : Motivation And Personality
  • Author : A H Maslow
  • Publisher : Prabhat Prakashan
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

I have tried in this revision to incorporate the main lessons of the last sixteen years. These lessons have been considerable. I consider it a real and extensive revision-even though I had to do only a moderate amount of rewriting-because the main thrust of the book has been modified in important ways which I shall detail below.


Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences by Virgil Zeigler-Hill,Todd K. Shackelford

Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences
  • Title : Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences
  • Author : Virgil Zeigler-Hill,Todd K. Shackelford
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 9783319246109
  • Pages : 9200
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This Encyclopedia provides a comprehensive overview of individual differences within the domain of personality, with major sub-topics including assessment and research design, taxonomy, biological factors, evolutionary evidence, motivation, cognition and emotion, as well as gender differences, cultural considerations, and personality disorders. It is an up-to-date reference for this increasingly important area and a key resource for those who study intelligence, personality, motivation, aptitude and their variations within members of a group.


True to Form by Eric Goodman

True to Form
  • Title : True to Form
  • Author : Eric Goodman
  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • ISBN Code : 0062315331
  • Pages : 224
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Radical in its simplicity, Dr. Eric Goodman’s visionary approach to mindful movement corrects the complacent adaptations that lead to back and joint pain, and teaches us to harness the body’s natural movement patterns into daily activities to make us fit, healthy, and pain free. Our sedentary lifestyle has led to an epidemic of chronic pain. By adapting to posture and movement that have us out of balance—including sitting all day at a keyboard, tilting our heads forward to look at our phones—we consistently compromise our joints, give our organs less room to function, and weaken our muscles. How we hold and live in our bodies is fundamental to our overall health, and the good news is that we all hold the key to a healthier body. Dr. Goodman has spent years studying human physiology and movement. He has trained world-class athletes for better performance, and has healed people of all ages and occupations of lifelong debilitating pain. His theory of self-healing is now available to everyone. His practical program trains the posterior muscle chain—shoulders, back, butt, and legs—shifting the burden of support away from joints and putting it back where it belongs: into large muscle groups. Filled with helpful diagrams and sixty color photographs, True to Form shows readers how to successfully integrate these powerful movements into everyday life—from playing with the kids to washing dishes to long hours in the office—transforming ordinary physical actions into active and mindful movements that help to eliminate pain, up your game, or simply feel more energetic. True to Form shows you how to move better, breathe better, and get back to using your body the way nature intended.


Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman

Thinking, Fast and Slow
  • Title : Thinking, Fast and Slow
  • Author : Daniel Kahneman
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • ISBN Code : 0141033576
  • Pages : 499
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The New York Times Bestseller, acclaimed by author such as Freakonomics co-author Steven D. Levitt, Black Swan author Nassim Nicholas Taleb and Nudge co-author Richard Thaler, Thinking Fast and Slow offers a whole new look at the way our minds work, and how we make decisions.Why is there more chance we'll believe something if it's in a bold type face? Why are judges more likely to deny parole before lunch? Why do we assume a good-looking person will be more competent? The answer lies in the two ways we make choices: fast, intuitive thinking, and slow, rational thinking. This book reveals how our minds are tripped up by error and prejudice (even when we think we are being logical), and gives you practical techniques for slower, smarter thinking. It will enable to you make better decisions at work, at home, and in everything you do.


Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr by Mary E. King,Mary King,UNESCO Staff,Unesco

Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr
  • Title : Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr
  • Author : Mary E. King,Mary King,UNESCO Staff,Unesco
  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 529
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Gandhi's wisdom and strategies have been employed by many popular movements. Martin Luther King Jr. adopted them and changed the course of history of the United States. This book reviews major twentieth-century nonviolent theorists and their struggles.


Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury

Fahrenheit 451
  • Title : Fahrenheit 451
  • Author : Ray Bradbury
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9780671872298
  • Pages : 147
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A fireman in charge of burning books meets a revolutionary school teacher who dares to read. Depicts a future world in which all printed reading material is burned.