Canadian Forest Fire Statistics

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Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest

Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387216294
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Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest by Summary

A discussion of the direct and indirect mechanisms by which fire and climate interact to influence carbon cycling in North American boreal forests. The first section summarizes the information needed to understand and manage fires' effects on the ecology of boreal forests and its influence on global climate change issues. Following chapters discuss in detail the role of fire in the ecology of boreal forests, present data sets on fire and the distribution of carbon, and treat the use of satellite imagery in monitoring these regions as well as approaches to modeling the relevant processes.

The Chinchaga Firestorm

The Chinchaga Firestorm Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Cordy Tymstra
Editor: University of Alberta
ISBN: 1772120154
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The Chinchaga Firestorm by Cordy Tymstra Summary

Compiled by a radical journalist and poet in the early days of the French Revolution, these subversively satirical lives of women saints sought to win both women and men away from religion. Though based on authentic hagiography, Maréchal's "new" legendary introduces a skeptical, rationalist perspective that anticipates modern critical approaches. Along with Delany's thorough introduction and notes, Anti-Saints offers a new perspective on the cultural climate of the French Revolution and a strikingly modern contribution to our own public conversation on religion. A must for scholars and non-specialists alike, and lovers of audacious wit.

Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management and the Global Carbon Cycle

Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management and the Global Carbon Cycle Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael J. Apps,David T. Price
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642611117
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Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management and the Global Carbon Cycle by Michael J. Apps,David T. Price Summary

Globally, forest vegetation and soils are both major stores of terrestrial organic carbon, and major contributors to the annual cycling of carbon between the atmosphere and the biosphere. Forests are also a renewable resource, vital to the everyday existence of millions of people, since they provide food, shelter, fuel, raw materials and many other benefits. The combined effects of an expanding global population and increasing consumption of resources, however, may be seriously endangering both the extent and future sustainability of the world's forests. About thirty chapters cover four main themes: the role of forests in the global carbon cycle; effects of past, present and future changes in forest land use; the role of forest management, products and biomass on carbon cycling, and socio-economic impacts.

Canada's Forests

Canada's Forests Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ken Drushka
Editor: McGill-Queen\'s Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773571698
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Canada's Forests by Ken Drushka Summary

Ken Drushka analyses the changes in human attitudes towards the forests, detailing the rise of the late nineteenth-century conservation movement and its subsequent decline after World War I, the interplay between industry and government in the development of policy, the adoption of sustained yield policies after World War II, and the recent adoption of sustainable forest management in response to environmental concerns. Drushka argues that, despite the centuries of use, the Canadian forest retains a good deal of its vitality and integrity. Written in accessible language and aimed at a general readership, Canada's Forests will be a must-read for anyone interested in the debate about the current and future uses of this precious natural resource.

Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Douglas Paton
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124096018
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Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters by Douglas Paton Summary

More than 90% of wildfires are caused by human activity, but other causes include lighting, drought, wind and changing weather conditions, underground coal fires, and even volcanic activity. Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, one of nine volumes in the Elsevier Hazards and Disasters series, provides a close and detailed examination of wildfires and measures for more thorough and accurate monitoring, prediction, preparedness, and prevention. It takes a geo-scientific and environmental approach to the topic while also discussing the impacts of human-induced causes such as deforestation, debris burning and arson—underscoring the multi-disciplinary nature of the topic. It presents several international case studies that discuss the historical, social, cultural and ecological aspects of wildfire risk management in countries with a long history of dealing with this hazard (e.g., USA, Australia) and in countries (e.g., Taiwan) where wildfire hazards represent a new and growing threat to the social and ecological landscape. Puts the contributions of environmental scientists, social scientists, climatologists, and geoscientists at your fingertips Arms you with the latest research on causality, social and societal impacts, economic impacts, and the multi-dimensional nature of wildfire mitigation, preparedness, and recovery Features a broad range of tables, figures, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs to aid in the retention of key concepts Discusses steps for prevention and mitigation of wildfires, one of the most expensive and complex geo-hazards in the world.

Remote Sensing and Climate Modeling: Synergies and Limitations

Remote Sensing and Climate Modeling: Synergies and Limitations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Beniston,Michel M. Verstraete
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306481499
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Remote Sensing and Climate Modeling: Synergies and Limitations by Martin Beniston,Michel M. Verstraete Summary

1 2 Michel M. VERSTRAETE and Martin BENISTON 1 Space Applications Institute, EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy 2 Department of Geography, University of Fribourg, Switzerland This volume contains the proceedings ofthe workshop entitled “Satellite Remote Sensing and Climate Simulations: Synergies and Limitations” that took place in Les Diablerets, Switzerland, September 20–24, 1999. This international scientific conference aimed at addressing the current and pot- tial role of satellite remote sensing in climate modeling, with a particular focus on land surface processes and atmospheric aerosol characterization. Global and regional circulation models incorporate our knowledge ofthe dynamics ofthe Earth's atmosphere. They are used to predict the evolution of the weather and climate. Mathematically, this system is represented by a set ofpartial differential equations whose solution requires initial and bo- dary conditions. Limitations in the accuracy and geographical distribution of these constraints, and intrinsic mathematical sensitivity to these conditions do not allow the identification of a unique solution (prediction). Additional observations on the climate system are thus used to constrain the forecasts of the mathematical model to remain close to the observed state ofthe system.

Boreal Forests and Global Change

Boreal Forests and Global Change Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael J. Apps,David T. Price,Joe Wisniewski
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401709424
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Boreal Forests and Global Change by Michael J. Apps,David T. Price,Joe Wisniewski Summary

Boreal forests form Earth's largest terrestrial biome. They are rich in ecosystem and landscape diversity, though characterized by relatively few plant species, as compared to other forested regions. The long term viability and sustainability of boreal forests is influenced by many factors. They are subject to interruptions at intervals by large-scale natural disturbances, and increasingly by human activities. Boreal ecosystem development is typically a slow process; hence rapid changes in the global environment may invoke complex responses. Many industrial nations border, or lie within, boreal regions, deriving much of their economic wealth and culture from the forests. The response of boreal forests to changes in the global environment - whether caused by direct human activity or by indirect changes such as the anticipated changes in climate - are therefore of considerable international interest, both for their policy implications and their scientific challenges. This book which contains almost 50 peer-reviewed papers from a world-wide group of experts assembled under the auspices of IBFRA, the International Boreal Forest Research Association, covers topics which will stimulate further research and the development of constructive policies for improved management and conservation of global boreal forest resources.

Mapping Forest Landscape Patterns

Mapping Forest Landscape Patterns Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tarmo K. Remmel,Ajith H. Perera
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1493973312
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Mapping Forest Landscape Patterns by Tarmo K. Remmel,Ajith H. Perera Summary

This book explores the concepts, premises, advancements, and challenges in quantifying natural forest landscape patterns through mapping techniques. After several decades of development and use, these tools can now be examined for their foundations, intentions, scope, advancements, and limitations. When applied to natural forest landscapes, mapping techniques must address concepts such as stochasticity, heterogeneity, scale dependence, non-Euclidean geometry, continuity, non-linearity, and parsimony, as well as be explicit about the intended degree of abstraction and assumptions. These studies focus on quantifying natural (i.e., non-human engineered) forest landscape patterns, because those patterns are not planned, are relatively complex, and pose the greatest challenges in cartography, and landscape representation for further interpretation and analysis.

Forest Fires

Forest Fires Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edward A. Johnson
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080506747
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Forest Fires by Edward A. Johnson Summary

Even before the myth of Prometheus, fire played a crucial ecological role around the world. Numerous plant communities depend on fire to generate species diversity in both time and space. Without fire such ecosystems would become sterile monocultures. Recent efforts to prohibit fire in fire dependent communities have contributed to more intense and more damaging fires. For these reasons, foresters, ecologists, land managers, geographers, and environmental scientists are interested in the behavior and ecological effects of fires. This book will be the first to focus on the chemistry and physics of fire as it relates to the ways in which fire behaves and the impacts it has on ecosystem function. Leading international contributors have been recruited by the editors to prepare a didactic text/reference that will appeal to both advanced students and practicing professionals.

The Miramichi Fire

The Miramichi Fire Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alan MacEachern
Editor: McGill-Queen\'s Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0228002842
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The Miramichi Fire by Alan MacEachern Summary

On 7 October 1825, a massive forest fire swept through northeastern New Brunswick, devastating entire communities. When the smoke cleared, it was estimated that the fire had burned across six thousand square miles, one-fifth of the colony. The Miramichi Fire was the largest wildfire ever to occur within the British Empire, one of the largest in North American history, and the largest along the eastern seaboard. Yet despite the international attention and relief efforts it generated, and the ruin it left behind, the fire all but disappeared from public memory by the twentieth century. A masterwork in historical imagination, The Miramichi Fire vividly reconstructs nineteenth-century Canada's greatest natural disaster, meditating on how it was lost to history. First and foremost an environmental history, the book examines the fire in the context of the changing relationships between humans and nature in colonial British North America and New England, while also exploring social memory and the question of how history becomes established, warped, and forgotten. Alan MacEachern explains how the imprecise and conflicting early reports of the fire's range, along with the quick rebound of the forests and economy of New Brunswick, led commentators to believe by the early 1900s that the fire's destruction had been greatly exaggerated. As an exercise in digital history, this book takes advantage of the proliferation of online tools and sources in the twenty-first century to posit an entirely new reading of the past. Resurrecting one of Canada's most famous and yet unexamined natural disasters, The Miramichi Fire traverses a wide range of historical and scientific literatures to bring a more complete story into the light.

Implications of the California Wildfires for Health, Communities, and Preparedness

Implications of the California Wildfires for Health, Communities, and Preparedness Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Environmental Health Services, Research, and Medicine,Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity,Roundtable on Population Health Improvement,Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Disasters and Emergencies
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309499909
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Implications of the California Wildfires for Health, Communities, and Preparedness by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Environmental Health Services, Research, and Medicine,Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity,Roundtable on Population Health Improvement,Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Disasters and Emergencies Summary

California and other wildfire-prone western states have experienced a substantial increase in the number and intensity of wildfires in recent years. Wildlands and climate experts expect these trends to continue and quite likely to worsen in coming years. Wildfires and other disasters can be particularly devastating for vulnerable communities. Members of these communities tend to experience worse health outcomes from disasters, have fewer resources for responding and rebuilding, and receive less assistance from state, local, and federal agencies. Because burning wood releases particulate matter and other toxicants, the health effects of wildfires extend well beyond burns. In addition, deposition of toxicants in soil and water can result in chronic as well as acute exposures. On June 4-5, 2019, four different entities within the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop titled Implications of the California Wildfires for Health, Communities, and Preparedness at the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at the University of California, Davis. The workshop explored the population health, environmental health, emergency preparedness, and health equity consequences of increasingly strong and numerous wildfires, particularly in California. This publication is a summary of the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems

Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Walter C. Oechel,Terry Callaghan,Tagir Gilmanov,Jarle I. Holten,Barrie Maxwell,Ulf Molau,Bjartmar Sveinbjörnsson
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461222400
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Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems by Walter C. Oechel,Terry Callaghan,Tagir Gilmanov,Jarle I. Holten,Barrie Maxwell,Ulf Molau,Bjartmar Sveinbjörnsson Summary

Global warming is likely to have the greatest impact at high latitudes, making the Arctic an important region both for detecting global climate change and for studying its effects on terrestrial ecosystems. The chapters in this volume address current and anticipated impacts of global climate change on Arctic organisms, populations, ecosystem structure and function, biological diversity, and the atmosphere.

Ecological Bulletins, Targets and Tools for the Maintenance of Forest Biodiversity

Ecological Bulletins, Targets and Tools for the Maintenance of Forest Biodiversity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Per Angelstam,Monica Donz-Breuss,Jean-Michel Roberge
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144431307X
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Ecological Bulletins, Targets and Tools for the Maintenance of Forest Biodiversity by Per Angelstam,Monica Donz-Breuss,Jean-Michel Roberge Summary

Maintaining forest biodiversity by combining protection, management and restoration of forest and woodland landscapes is a central component of sustainable development. Evidence that there are threshold levels for how much habitat loss may be tolerated for viable populations of specialised species to be maintained. Policy-makers, businesses and managers pose questions about how to balance use of renewable forest resources and conserve biodiversity. Examples are presented on how biodiversity assessments can be made. Proposes how the critical gaps in our knowledge identified throughout the book could be filled through macroecological research and international co-operation.

The State of Canada's Forests

The State of Canada's Forests Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Canadian Forest Service
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788104534
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The State of Canada's Forests by Canadian Forest Service Summary

This report provides factual and analytical information about Canada's forests, and addresses topics and issues important to the development of the Canadian forest sector. In addition to an annual overview on the state of Canadian forestry, national and provincial/territorial profiles present statistics on the forest resource and industry, as well as discussion of changes in the forest sector over the past year and the past decade. This is followed by feature articles on global & Canadian trends, and the future of forests, and by special articles on sustainable forest management, sustainable forestry, species at risk, the National Climate Change Process, and tree breeding & genetics. The final section presents views from Canadian youth and includes a glossary & a directory of contacts for further information.

Ecology of World Vegetation

Ecology of World Vegetation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: O.W. Archibold
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401100098
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Ecology of World Vegetation by O.W. Archibold Summary

The ecology of world vegetation is described in numer all of the drafting and photographic work. They have ous books and journals, but these are usually very spe spent many hours on this project and their care and skill cialized in their scope and treatment. This book provides is reflected in the consistently high quality of the illus a synthesis of this literature. A brief introductory chap trations throughout the book. Many friends and col ter outlines general ecological concepts and subsequent leagues have provided photographs. It has not been chapters examine the form and function of the major possible to include all of them, but the 'global' perspect biomes of the world. A similar organization has been ive of the book has been greatly enhanced in this way. used for each biome type. These chapters begin with a I wish to thank them all for the time and trouble they description of environmental conditions and a brief have taken to supply this material. I must also thank account of floristic diversity in a regional context. The Mary Dykes and the staff of the interlibrary loans de remaining pages describe characteristic adaptations and partment of the Library, University of Saskatchewan, ecosystem processes. for their unfailing ability to get even the most obscure Although there is a rapidly growing literature on eco references.

Awful Splendour

Awful Splendour Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stephen J. Pyne
Editor: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774840277
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Awful Splendour by Stephen J. Pyne Summary

Fire is a defining element in Canadian land and life. With few exceptions, Canada's forests and prairies have evolved with fire. Its peoples have exploited fire and sought to protect themselves from its excesses, and since Confederation, the country has devised various institutions to connect fire and society. The choices Canadians have made says a great deal about their national character. Awful Splendour narrates the history of this grand saga. It will interest geographers, historians, and members of the fire community.

Canada’s Top Climate Change Risks

Canada’s Top Climate Change Risks Pdf/ePub eBook Author: The Expert Panel on Climate Change Risks and Adaptation Potential
Editor: Council of Canadian Academies
ISBN: 1926522672
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Canada’s Top Climate Change Risks by The Expert Panel on Climate Change Risks and Adaptation Potential Summary

Canada’s Top Climate Change Risks identifies the top risk areas based on the extent and likelihood of the potential damage, and rates the risk areas according to society’s ability to adapt and reduce negative outcomes. These 12 major areas of risk are: agriculture and food, coastal communities, ecosystems, fisheries, forestry, geopolitical dynamics, governance and capacity, human health and wellness, Indigenous ways of life, northern communities, physical infrastructure, and water. The report describes an approach to inform federal risk prioritization and adaptation responses. The Panel outlines a multi-layered method of prioritizing adaptation measures based on an understanding of the risk, adaptation potential, and federal roles and responsibilities.

Remote Sensing of Forest Environments

Remote Sensing of Forest Environments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael A. Wulder,Steven E. Franklin
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146150306X
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Remote Sensing of Forest Environments by Michael A. Wulder,Steven E. Franklin Summary

Remote Sensing of Forest Environments: Concepts and Case Studies is an edited volume intended to provide readers with a state-of-the-art synopsis of the current methods and applied applications employed in remote sensing the world's forests. The contributing authors have sought to illustrate and deepen our understanding of remote sensing of forests, providing new insights and indicating opportunities that are created when forests and forest practices are considered in concert with the evolving paradigm of remote sensing science. Following background and methods sections, this book introduces a series of case studies that exemplify the ways in which remotely sensed data are operationally used, as an element of the decision-making process, and in the scientific study of forests. Remote Sensing of Forest Environments: Concepts and Case Studies is designed to meet the needs of a professional audience composed of both practitioners and researchers. This book is also suitable as a secondary text for graduate-level students in Forestry, Environmental Science, Geography, Engineering, and Computer Science.

Ecological Foundations for Fire Management in North American Forest and Shrubland Ecosystems

Ecological Foundations for Fire Management in North American Forest and Shrubland Ecosystems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. E. Keeley
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437926118
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Ecological Foundations for Fire Management in North American Forest and Shrubland Ecosystems by J. E. Keeley Summary

Provides an ecological foundation for mgmt. of the diverse ecosystems and fire regimes of N. America, based on scientific principles of fire interactions with vegetation, fuels, and biophysical processes. Detailed discussion of six ecosystems ¿ ponderosa pine forest (western N. America), chaparral (Calif.), boreal forest (Alaska and Canada), Great Basin sagebrush (inter-mountain West), pine and pine-hardwood forests (Southern Appalachian Mountains), and longleaf pine (Southeastern U.S.) ¿ illustrates the complexity of fire regimes and that fire mgmt. requires a clear regional focus that recognizes where conflicts might exist between fire hazard reduction and resource needs. Illustrations. This is a print on demand report.

Geography of British Columbia, 2nd ed.

Geography of British Columbia, 2nd ed. Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brett McGillivray
Editor: UBC Press
ISBN: 077484017X
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Geography of British Columbia, 2nd ed. by Brett McGillivray Summary

Why is British Columbia unique within Canada? What physical processes have made this province so rugged and produced such remarkable variation in climate and vegetation? Why did non-Natives come to British Columbia, and what impact did they have on First Nations? Why did so many Asian immigrants come to this province and then leave for other parts of Canada? How were resources developed in the past and how are those resources developed today? Geography of British Columbia discusses these and many other aspects of the growth of this distinctive province. Brett McGillivray focuses first on the combination of physical processes that produced a spectacular variety of mountains, rivers, lakes, islands, fjords, forests, and minerals, explaining the forces that created the province and the natural hazards that can reshape it. A concise examination of B.C. historical geography follows, covering First Nations ways of life, colonization, Asian immigration, and the sad history of institutionalized racism. The second half of the book contains a detailed description of the economic geography of the province, with chapters on forestry, the salmon fishery, metal mining, energy supply and demand, agriculture, water, and the tourism industry. It addresses the present-day issues of urbanization, economic development, and resource management, providing a thorough background to these topics and suggesting what the future might hold. This up-to-date and comprehensive exploration of the rich historical geography and development of British Columbia will be welcomed by teachers, students, scholars, and everyone with an interest in the province.

Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar

Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Irena Hajnsek,Yves-Louis Desnos
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030565041
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Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar by Irena Hajnsek,Yves-Louis Desnos Summary

This open access book focuses on the practical application of electromagnetic polarimetry principles in Earth remote sensing with an educational purpose. In the last decade, the operations from fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar such as the Japanese ALOS/PalSAR, the Canadian Radarsat-2 and the German TerraSAR-X and their easy data access for scientific use have developed further the research and data applications at L,C and X band. As a consequence, the wider distribution of polarimetric data sets across the remote sensing community boosted activity and development in polarimetric SAR applications, also in view of future missions. Numerous experiments with real data from spaceborne platforms are shown, with the aim of giving an up-to-date and complete treatment of the unique benefits of fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar data in five different domains: forest, agriculture, cryosphere, urban and oceans.

Slumach's Gold

Slumach's Gold Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rick Antonson,Brian Antonson
Editor: Heritage House Publishing Co
ISBN: 1926613252
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Slumach's Gold by Rick Antonson,Brian Antonson Summary

Slumach’s Gold chronicles what is possibly Canada’s greatest lost-mine story. It searches out the truth behind a Salish man’s hanging for murder in 1891 and tracks the intriguing legend about him that grew after his death. It was a legend that turned into a drama of international fascination when Slumach—the hanged criminal—was mysteriously linked to gold nuggets “the size of walnuts.” The stories claimed that Slumach had placed a curse on a hidden motherlode to protect it from interlopers and trespassers just before he plunged to his death “at the wrong end of a five-strand rope.” Although many have attempted to find Slumach’s gold over the past 100 years, following tantalizing clues that are part of the legend itself, none have succeeded—or have they? Rick Antonson, Mary Trainer and Brian Antonson have diligently sifted through history and myth, separating fact from fiction, but leaving the legend intact—along with the promise of gold yet to be found by some future gold seeker.

Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest

Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eric S. Kasischke,Brian J. Stocks
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387216294
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Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest by Eric S. Kasischke,Brian J. Stocks Summary

A discussion of the direct and indirect mechanisms by which fire and climate interact to influence carbon cycling in North American boreal forests. The first section summarizes the information needed to understand and manage fires' effects on the ecology of boreal forests and its influence on global climate change issues. Following chapters discuss in detail the role of fire in the ecology of boreal forests, present data sets on fire and the distribution of carbon, and treat the use of satellite imagery in monitoring these regions as well as approaches to modeling the relevant processes.

Earth Observation Science and Applications for Risk Reduction and Enhanced Resilience in Hindu Kush Himalaya Region

Earth Observation Science and Applications for Risk Reduction and Enhanced Resilience in Hindu Kush Himalaya Region Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Birendra Bajracharya,Rajesh Bahadur Thapa,Mir A. Matin
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030735699
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Earth Observation Science and Applications for Risk Reduction and Enhanced Resilience in Hindu Kush Himalaya Region by Birendra Bajracharya,Rajesh Bahadur Thapa,Mir A. Matin Summary

This open access book is a consolidation of lessons learnt and experiences gathered from our efforts to utilise Earth observation (EO) science and applications to address environmental challenges in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. It includes a complete package of knowledge on service life cycles including multi-disciplinary topics and practically tested applications for the HKH. It comprises 19 chapters drawing from a decade’s worth of experience gleaned over the course of our implementation of SERVIR-HKH – a joint initiative of NASA, USAID, and ICIMOD – to build capacity on using EO and geospatial technology for effective decision making in the region. The book highlights SERVIR’s approaches to the design and delivery of information services – in agriculture and food security; land cover and land use change, and ecosystems; water resources and hydro-climatic disasters; and weather and climate services. It also touches upon multidisciplinary topics such as service planning; gender integration; user engagement; capacity building; communication; and monitoring, evaluation, and learning. We hope that this book will be a good reference document for professionals and practitioners working in remote sensing, geographic information systems, regional and spatial sciences, climate change, ecosystems, and environmental analysis. Furthermore, we are hopeful that policymakers, academics, and other informed audiences working in sustainable development and evaluation – beyond the wider SERVIR network and well as within it – will greatly benefit from what we share here on our applications, case studies, and documentation across cross-cutting topics.

Biomass Burning and Its Inter-Relationships with the Climate System

Biomass Burning and Its Inter-Relationships with the Climate System Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John L. Innes,Martin Beniston,Michel M. Verstraete
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306479591
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Biomass Burning and Its Inter-Relationships with the Climate System by John L. Innes,Martin Beniston,Michel M. Verstraete Summary

JOHN L. INNES University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada The interactions between biomass burning and climate have been brought into focus by a number of recent events. Firstly, the Framework Convention on Climate Change and, more recently, the Kyoto Protocol, have drawn the attention of policy makers and others to the importance of biomass burning in relation to atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Secondly, the use of prescribed fires has become a major management tool in some countries; with for example the area with fuel treatments (which include prescribed burns and mechanical treatments) having increased on US National Forest System lands from 123,000 ha in 1985 to 677,000 ha in 1998. Thirdly, large numbers of forest fires in Indonesia, Brazil, Australia and elsewhere in 1997 and 1998 received unprecedented media attention. Consequently, it is appropriate that one of the Wengen Workshops on Global Change Research be devoted to the relationships between biomass burning and climate. This volume includes many of the papers presented at the workshop, but is also intended to act as a contribution to the state of knowledge on the int- relationships between biomass burning and climate change. Previous volumes on biomass burning (e. g. Goldammer 1990,Levine 1991a, Crutzen and Goldammer 1993, Levine 1996a, 1996b, Van Wilgen et al. 1997) have stressed various aspects of the biomass–climate issue, and provide a history of the development of our understanding of the many complex relationships that are involved.

World Atlas of Natural Disaster Risk

World Atlas of Natural Disaster Risk Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peijun Shi,Roger Kasperson
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3662454300
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World Atlas of Natural Disaster Risk by Peijun Shi,Roger Kasperson Summary

This is the first English-language atlas to systematically introduce the environment, hazard, vulnerability and risk mapping for 11 natural disasters, i.e. earthquake, volcano, landslide, flood, storm surge, sand-dust storm, tropical cyclone, heat wave, cold wave, drought and wildfire, and risk mapping for multi-hazard disaster in the world. The above 11 hazards are assessed and mapped at grid unit, comparable-geographic unit and national unit, and the multi-hazard is assessed and mapped at grid unit and national unit. The expected annual mortality and/or affected population risks and expected annual economic loss and/or affected property risk of 11 hazards and multi-hazard of the world at national level are unprecedentedly derived and ranked. The atlas can be a good reference for researchers and students in the field of natural disaster risk management and risk governance, and enterpriser and risk manager as well to understand the global natural disaster risk. Prof. Peijun Shi works at Beijing Normal University, China; Prof. Roger Kasperson works at Clark University, USA.

Forests And Forest Plants - Volume I

Forests And Forest Plants - Volume I Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John N. Owens ,H. Gyde Lund
Editor: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1905839383
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Forests And Forest Plants - Volume I by John N. Owens ,H. Gyde Lund Summary

Forests and Forest Plants is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Forests are an essential part of Earth's life support systems. Forest resources are essential for humankind. They provide both vital goods and services. They provide food, fuel, shelter, soil and water protection, and filter the air we breathe. This publication on Forest and Forest Plants provides the user with such information as to create an awareness of the value of our forestlands and the products and environmental services they provide. The three volumes on Forests and Forest Plants are organized starting with first the necessity of : the World's Forest Resources – including classification and distribution of forest, urban forestry and agroforestry; Important Tree Species including trees in reclamation and arid zone forestry; Forests and Forest Products including wood and non word products; the Role of Forests in the Biosphere – preserving biological diversity, functions in the hydrological cycle, etc.; and Conservation and Breeding of Forest Trees – what is being done to improve our forest resources - silviculture, tree nurseries, and forest protection. The theme Forest and Forest Plants has led to the conclusion that there are substantial difficulties in matching environmental concerns and sustainability with an ever-increasing world population. Thus there is a tension between maximizing for food, wood and production on the one hand and implementing sustainable development and environmental protection on the other. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Handbook of Operations Research in Natural Resources

Handbook of Operations Research in Natural Resources Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andres Weintraub,Carlos Romero,Trond Bjørndal,Rafael Epstein
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038771815X
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Handbook of Operations Research in Natural Resources by Andres Weintraub,Carlos Romero,Trond Bjørndal,Rafael Epstein Summary

Here is the first systematic handbook treatment of quantitative modeling natural resource problems, their allocated efficient use, and societal and economic impact. Andrés Weintraub is the very top person in Natural Resource research. He has selected co-editors who are at the top of the sub-fields in natural resources: agriculture, fisheries, forestry, and mining. The book covers these areas with contributions from researchers on, among others, modeling natural research problems, quantifying data, and developing algorithms.

Agricultural Risk Transfer

Agricultural Risk Transfer Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Roman Marco Hohl
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119345650
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Agricultural Risk Transfer by Roman Marco Hohl Summary

Gain a holistic view of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market risk transfer Increasing agricultural production and food security remain key challenges for mankind. In order to meet global food demand, the Food and Agriculture Organisation estimates that production has to increase by 50% by 2050 and requires large investments. Agricultural insurance and financial instruments have been an integral part to advancing productivity and are becoming more important in increasingly globalized and specialized agricultural supply chains in the wake of potentially more frequent and severe natural disasters in today’s key producing markets. Underwriting, pricing and transferring agricultural risks is complex and requires a solid understanding of the production system, exposure, perils and the most suitable products, which vastly differ among developed and developing markets. In the last decade, new insurance schemes in emerging agricultural markets have greatly contributed to the large growth of the industry from a premium volume of US$10.1 billion (2006) to US$30.7 billion (2017). This growth is bound to continue as insurance penetration and exposure increase and new schemes are being developed. Agricultural (re)insurance has become a cornerstone of sovereign disaster risk financing frameworks. Agricultural Risk Transfer introduces the main concepts of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market risk transfer that are discussed through industry case studies. It also discusses best industry practices for all main insurance products for crop, livestock, aquaculture and forestry risks including risk assessment, underwriting, pricing, modelling and loss adjustment. Describes agricultural production risks and risk management approaches Covers risk transfer of production and financial risks through insurance and financial instruments Introduces modelling concepts for the main perils and key data sources that support risk transfer through indemnity- and index-based products Describes risk pricing and underwriting approaches for crop, livestock, aquaculture and forestry exposure in developed and developing agricultural systems Become familiar with risk transfer concepts to reinsurance and capital markets Get to know the current market landscape and main risk transfer products for individual producers, agribusinesses and governments through theory and comprehensive industry case studies Through Agricultural Risk Transfer, you’ll gain a holistic view of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market solutions which will support better underwriting, more structured product development and improved risk transfer.

The Ecological Importance of Mixed-Severity Fires

The Ecological Importance of Mixed-Severity Fires Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dominick A DellaSala,Chad T. Hanson
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128027606
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The Ecological Importance of Mixed-Severity Fires by Dominick A DellaSala,Chad T. Hanson Summary

The Ecological Importance of High-Severity Fires, presents information on the current paradigm shift in the way people think about wildfire and ecosystems. While much of the current forest management in fire-adapted ecosystems, especially forests, is focused on fire prevention and suppression, little has been reported on the ecological role of fire, and nothing has been presented on the importance of high-severity fire with regards to the maintenance of native biodiversity and fire-dependent ecosystems and species. This text fills that void, providing a comprehensive reference for documenting and synthesizing fire's ecological role. Offers the first reference written on mixed- and high-severity fires and their relevance for biodiversity Contains a broad synthesis of the ecology of mixed- and high-severity fires covering such topics as vegetation, birds, mammals, insects, aquatics, and management actions Explores the conservation vs. public controversy issues around megafires in a rapidly warming world

National Parks and Protected Areas

National Parks and Protected Areas Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Gordon Nelson,Rafal Serafin
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642609074
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National Parks and Protected Areas by James Gordon Nelson,Rafal Serafin Summary

National parks and protected areas offer a wealth of ecological and social contributions or services to humans and life on earth. This book describes the strengths of national parks and protected areas in different parts of Europe and North America and the challenges to the full realization of their goals. It shows that they are useful not only in conserving rare species and biodiversity, but also in protecting water supply and other resources necessary to tourism and to economic and social development generally. Ideas and information on useful planning, management and decision-making arrangements are presented, and research needs are identified.

The State of Canada's Forests

The State of Canada's Forests Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Canadian Forest Service
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788104534
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The State of Canada's Forests by Canadian Forest Service Summary

This report provides factual and analytical information about Canada's forests, and addresses topics and issues important to the development of the Canadian forest sector. In addition to an annual overview on the state of Canadian forestry, national and provincial/territorial profiles present statistics on the forest resource and industry, as well as discussion of changes in the forest sector over the past year and the past decade. This is followed by feature articles on global & Canadian trends, and the future of forests, and by special articles on sustainable forest management, sustainable forestry, species at risk, the National Climate Change Process, and tree breeding & genetics. The final section presents views from Canadian youth and includes a glossary & a directory of contacts for further information.

Forest Fire Danger Prediction Using Deterministic-Probabilistic Approach

Forest Fire Danger Prediction Using Deterministic-Probabilistic Approach Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Baranovskiy, Nikolay Viktorovich
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1799872521
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Forest Fire Danger Prediction Using Deterministic-Probabilistic Approach by Baranovskiy, Nikolay Viktorovich Summary

Forest fires cause ecological, economic, and social damage to various states of the international community. The causes of forest fires are rather varied, but the main factor is human activity in settlements, industrial facilities, objects of transport infrastructure, and intensively developed territories (in other words, anthropogenic load). In turn, storm activity is also a basic reason for forest fires in remote territories. Therefore, scientists across the world have developed methods, approaches, and systems to predict forest fire danger, including the impact of human and storm activity on forested territories. An important and comprehensive point of research is on the complex deterministic-probabilistic approach, which combines mathematical models of forest fuel ignition by various sources of high temperature and probabilistic criteria of forest fire occurrence. Forest Fire Danger Prediction Using Deterministic-Probabilistic Approach provides a comprehensive approach of forest fire danger prediction using mathematical models of forest fuel with consideration to anthropogenic load, storm activity, and meteorological parameters. Specifically, it uses the deterministic-probabilistic approach to predict forest fire danger and improve forest protection from fires. The chapters will cover various tree types, mathematical models, and solutions for reducing the destructive consequences of forest fires on ecosystems. This book is ideal for professionals and researchers working in the field of forestry, forest fire danger researchers, executives, computer engineers, practitioners, government officials, policymakers, academicians, and students looking for a new system to predict forest fire danger.

Caribou and the North

Caribou and the North Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Monte Hummel,Justina C. Ray
Editor: Dundurn
ISBN: 1770703470
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Caribou and the North by Monte Hummel,Justina C. Ray Summary

"If the caribou die, then we die." These few words speak eloquently to the significanceof caribou for northern peoples. They were spoken not by a wise old chief, but by a 13-year-old Dene youth in 2007 during a hearing regarding uranium exploration on the caribou wintering grounds. Right now there is urgent, widespread concern about the future of the most centralof species: caribou. Caribou and the North brings both the facts and the feelingsof the current situation to a North American readership. The writers look at why we need to conserve the caribou, the threats that have faced caribou in the past, present, and future, and the actions that we can take. Also included is an appendixwith up-to-date information on the range, movements, habitats, numbers, population trends, and key threats to caribou in North America.

BiTP 3/2017

BiTP 3/2017 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: bryg. dr hab. inż. Dariusz Wróblewski
Editor: Centrum Naukowo-Badawcze Ochrony Przeciwpożarowej im. Józefa Tuliszkowskiego Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
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BiTP 3/2017 by bryg. dr hab. inż. Dariusz Wróblewski Summary

Kwartalnik naukowy "BiTP. Bezpieczeństwo i Technika Pożarnicza/ Safety & Fire Technique" jest pismem recenzowanym kierowanym do kadr kierowniczych ochrony przeciwpożarowej, pracowników jednostek administracji państwowej i samorządowej zajmujących się problematyką zarządzania kryzysowego, pracowników naukowych i dydaktycznych uczelni i instytutów badawczych zainteresowanych tematyką ochrony przeciwpożarowej, ochrony ludności i bezpieczeństwa powszechnego. W ocenie czasopism Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego (Komunikat z dnia 18 grudnia 2015 r.) Kwartalnik otrzymał 13 punktów. ISSN 1895-8443 Więcej informacji na stronie bitp.cnbop.pl Spis treści numeru:http://bitp.cnbop.pl/nowybitp/ Wydawnictwo CNBOP-PIB

Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World

Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Guy P. Brasseur,Ronald G. Prinn,Alexander A.P. Pszenny
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642189849
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Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World by Guy P. Brasseur,Ronald G. Prinn,Alexander A.P. Pszenny Summary

Praise for Guy P. Brasseur's Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World American Meteorological Society "This volume summarizes and integrates more than a decade of atmospheric chemistry research. During the period under consideration, great progress has been made in computing, modeling, and observational techniques, and methods have also improved. Here, suggestions for the highest priority research for the next decade are made, and important information is related regarding impacts on the environment."

The Opening of the Canadian North 1870-1914

The Opening of the Canadian North 1870-1914 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Morris Zaslow
Editor: McClelland & Stewart
ISBN: 0771005504
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The Opening of the Canadian North 1870-1914 by Morris Zaslow Summary

Volume XVI of the Canadian Centenary Series Now available as e-books for the first time, the Canadian Centenary Series is a comprehensive nineteen-volume history of the peoples and lands which form Canada. Although the series is designed as a unified whole so that no part of the story is left untold, each volume is complete in itself. This pioneer study traces Canada’s northward expansion in the years after Confederation. In the forefront of the movement were fur-traders, missionaries, and gold-seekers. Behind them came provincial and federal governments, concerned for their authority, and anxious to develop the riches of the North. Under the Laurier government (1896--1911) the advance quickened, and the roles of the Geological Survey, North-West Mounted Police, and Departments of the Interior, Indian Affairs, and Marine and Fisheries, gained new importance. Professor Zaslow, in examining the opening of social, cultural, economic, and industrial frontiers, chronicles the outstanding achievements, as well as the far-reaching failures of the period. A country which, by Confederation in 1867, had barely extended beyond the Gulf of St. Lawrence and St. Lawrence Lowlands region, had by 1914 occupied the prairies. Aided by new transcontinental railways, its people had begun moving into the forests of the Middle North along a front that extended from Lake St. John to Dawson, and the Arctic frontier beyond received increasing attention. But the governments failed in their treatment of the Indigenous population, and in their eagerness to foster development they allowed the resources to be exploited blindly, for and by foreign interests in the main. These were exciting, complex years; in Professor Zaslow’s words, “years of apprenticeship, when Canada began to come to grips with the facts of its northern nature.” First published in 1971, Zaslow’s important contribution to the Canadian Centenary Series is available here as an e-book for the first time.

Predicting, Monitoring, and Assessing Forest Fire Dangers and Risks

Predicting, Monitoring, and Assessing Forest Fire Dangers and Risks Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Baranovskiy, Nikolay Viktorovich
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1799818691
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Predicting, Monitoring, and Assessing Forest Fire Dangers and Risks by Baranovskiy, Nikolay Viktorovich Summary

To understand the catastrophic processes of forest fire danger, different deterministic, probabilistic, and empiric models must be used. Simulating various surface and crown forest fires using predictive information technology could lead to the improvement of existing systems and the examination of the ecological and economic effects of forest fires in other countries. Predicting, Monitoring, and Assessing Forest Fire Dangers and Risks provides innovative insights into forestry management and fire statistics. The content within this publication examines climate change, thermal radiation, and remote sensing. It is designed for fire investigators, forestry technicians, emergency managers, fire and rescue specialists, professionals, researchers, meteorologists, computer engineers, academicians, and students invested in topics centered around providing conjugate information on forest fire danger and risk.

Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia

Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Johann Georg Goldammer,Valentin Furyaev
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940158737X
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Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia by Johann Georg Goldammer,Valentin Furyaev Summary

One of the first priority areas among joint East/West research programs is the rational use of natural resources and sustainable development of regions. In the boreal zone of North America and Eurasia forests are economically very important and, at the same time highly vulnerable to disturbances. Because of its size and ecological functions the boreal forest zone and its most dynamic disturbance factor - fire - play an important role in ecosystem processes on global scale. Interest within the global change research community in Northern Eurasia (Fennoscandia, European Russia, Siberia, and the Far East of Russia) has grown dramatically in the last few years. It is a vast area about which very little is known. It is a region where temperature rise due to anthropogenic climate forcing is predicted to be the greatest, and where the consequent feedbacks to the atmosphere are potentially large. In addition, it is poised to undergo rapid economic development, which may lead to large and significant changes to its land cover. Much of this interest in Northern Eurasia, as in the high latitude regions in general, is centerd on its role in the global carbon cycle, which is likely to be significantly affected under global change. New research initiatives between Western and Eastern countries have been designed to address a series of phenomena, problems and management solutions.

Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems

Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Emilio Chuvieco
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642017544
FileSize: 788kb
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Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems by Emilio Chuvieco Summary

Wildland fires are becoming one of the most critical environmental factors affecting a wide range of ecosystems worldwide. In Mediterranean ecosystems (including also South-Africa, California, parts of Chile and Australia), wildland fires are recurrent phenomena every summer, following the seasonal drought. As a result of changes in traditional land use practices, and the impact of recent climate warming, fires have more negative impacts in the last years, threatening lives, socio-economic and ecological values. The book describes the ecological context of fires in the Mediterranean ecosystems, and provides methods to observe fire danger conditions and fire impacts using Earth Observation and Geographic Information System technologies.

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