Caring for the Heart by W. Bruce Fye

Caring for the Heart
  • Title : Caring for the Heart
  • Author : W. Bruce Fye
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019998235X
  • Pages : 704
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This study explores the parallel histories of the Mayo Clinic, the care of patients with heart disease, and specialization in cardiology during the twentieth century. Chapters are devoted to such technologies as open-heart surgery, coronary angiography, and echocardiography, and to the key individuals, instituions, and innovations that played vital roles in the technologies that transformed heart care.--From publisher description.


Of Life and Limb by Justin Barr

Of Life and Limb
  • Title : Of Life and Limb
  • Author : Justin Barr
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 1580469663
  • Pages : 302
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Examining the history of arterial repair, Of Life and Limb investigates the process of surgical innovation by exploring the social, technological, institutional, and martial dynamics shaping the introduction and adoption of a new operation.


Profiles in Cardiology by John Willis Hurst,Charles Richard Conti,Bruce Fye

Profiles in Cardiology
  • Title : Profiles in Cardiology
  • Author : John Willis Hurst,Charles Richard Conti,Bruce Fye
  • Publisher : Foundation for Advances in
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 514
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A collection of the short biographical profiles that have appeared monthly in the journal Clinical Cardiology from 1986 up to the present. The persons who are the subjects of these profiles are individuals who have contributed in a meaningful or unique way to knowledge in the field of cardiology.


Gender and Class in English Asylums, 1890-1914 by L. Hide

Gender and Class in English Asylums, 1890-1914
  • Title : Gender and Class in English Asylums, 1890-1914
  • Author : L. Hide
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137321431
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An unprecedented number of people were sent to 'lunatic asylums' in the nineteenth century. But what was life like inside? How was order maintained? And why were so many doctors on the verge of a breakdown themselves? This book provides a glimpse into the lives of patients and staff inside two London asylums at the turn of the twentieth century.


The Heart Healers by James Forrester

The Heart Healers
  • Title : The Heart Healers
  • Author : James Forrester
  • Publisher : Macmillan
  • ISBN Code : 1250058392
  • Pages : 400
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The compelling story of how scientists and doctors learned to save the human heart by one of the men who made it possible


Who's who in the Midwest by N.A

Who's who in the Midwest
  • Title : Who's who in the Midwest
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The European Blood and Marrow Transplantation Textbook for Nurses by Michelle Kenyon,Aleksandra Babic

The European Blood and Marrow Transplantation Textbook for Nurses
  • Title : The European Blood and Marrow Transplantation Textbook for Nurses
  • Author : Michelle Kenyon,Aleksandra Babic
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319500260
  • Pages : 311
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This textbook, endorsed by the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT), provides adult and paediatric nurses with a full and informative guide covering all aspects of transplant nursing, from basic principles to advanced concepts. It takes the reader on a journey through the history of transplant nursing, including essential and progressive elements to help nurses improve their knowledge and benefit the patient experience, as well as a comprehensive introduction to research and auditing methods. This new volume specifically intended for nurses, complements the ESH-EBMT reference title, a popular educational resource originally developed in 2003 for physicians to accompany an annual training course also serving as an educational tool in its own right. This title is designed to develop the knowledge of nurses in transplantation. It is the first book of its kind specifically targeted at nurses in this specialist field and acknowledges the valuable contribution that nursing makes in this area. This volume presents information that is essential for the education of nurses new to transplantation, while also offering a valuable resource for more experienced nurses who wish to update their knowledge.


Promoting Access to Medical Technologies and Innovation - Intersections between Public Health, Intellectual Property and Trade by World Intellectual Property Organization

Promoting Access to Medical Technologies and Innovation - Intersections between Public Health, Intellectual Property and Trade
  • Title : Promoting Access to Medical Technologies and Innovation - Intersections between Public Health, Intellectual Property and Trade
  • Author : World Intellectual Property Organization
  • Publisher : WIPO
  • ISBN Code : 9280523082
  • Pages : 257
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This study has emerged from an ongoing program of trilateral cooperation between WHO, WTO and WIPO. It responds to an increasing demand, particularly in developing countries, for strengthened capacity for informed policy-making in areas of intersection between health, trade and IP, focusing on access to and innovation of medicines and other medical technologies.


Fat in the Fifties by Nicolas Rasmussen

Fat in the Fifties
  • Title : Fat in the Fifties
  • Author : Nicolas Rasmussen
  • Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1421428717
  • Pages : 200
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Fat in the Fifties is required reading for public health practitioners and researchers, physicians, historians of medicine, and anyone concerned about weight and weight loss.


The Ultimate Guide To Choosing a Medical Specialty by Brian Freeman

The Ultimate Guide To Choosing a Medical Specialty
  • Title : The Ultimate Guide To Choosing a Medical Specialty
  • Author : Brian Freeman
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • ISBN Code : 9780071457132
  • Pages : 385
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The first medical specialty selection guide written by residents for students! Provides an inside look at the issues surrounding medical specialty selection, blending first-hand knowledge with useful facts and statistics, such as salary information, employment data, and match statistics. Focuses on all the major specialties and features firsthand portrayals of each by current residents. Also includes a guide to personality characteristics that are predominate with practitioners of each specialty. “A terrific mixture of objective information as well as factual data make this book an easy, informative, and interesting read.” --Review from a 4th year Medical Student


American Cardiology by Bruce Fye

American Cardiology
  • Title : American Cardiology
  • Author : Bruce Fye
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 489
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Fye describes both the discoveries and innovations in cardiology and the socioeconomic forces that led to the professionalization of the field in the United States. He shows how, in the period following World War II, such factors as the prevalence of heart disease, liberal government research funding, technological innovations, and the growing availability of health insurance worked together to shape cardiology into a major academic and clinical discipline. Bringing the story up to the present, he discusses the implications of the federal government's recent determination to reduce the share of the budget spent on health care while encouraging the growth of managed care - decisions that could affect the future of medical specialization in general.


The Mayo Clinic by David Blistein,Ken Burns

The Mayo Clinic
  • Title : The Mayo Clinic
  • Author : David Blistein,Ken Burns
  • Publisher : Rosetta Books
  • ISBN Code : 0795351682
  • Pages : 278
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Based on the PBS documentary by Ken Burns, Erik Ewers, and Christopher Loren Ewers. On September 30, 1889, W.W. Mayo and his sons Will and Charlie performed the very first operation at a brand-new Catholic hospital in Rochester, Minnesota. It was called Saint Marys. The hospital arose out of the devastation of a tornado that had struck the town six years earlier. After the storm, Mother Alfred Moes of the Sisters of Saint Francis told the Mayos that she had a vision of building a hospital that would \"become world renowned for its medical arts.\" Based on the film by acclaimed documentary filmmaker Ken Burns, The Mayo Clinic: Faith, Hope, Science chronicles the history of this unique organization, from its roots as an unlikely partnership between a country doctor and a Franciscan order of nuns to its position today as a worldwide model for patient care, research, and education. Featuring more than 400 compelling archival and modern images, as well as the complete script from the film, the book demonstrates how the institution’s remarkable 150-year history continues to inspire the way medicine is practiced there today. In addition, a series of case studies reveals patients, doctors, and nurses in their most private moments as together they face difficult diagnoses and embark on uncertain treatments. The film and this companion book tell the story of an organization that has managed to stay true to its primary value—the needs of the patient come first. Together, they make an important contribution to the critical discussions about the delivery of health care today in America ... and the world.


Improving Diagnosis in Health Care by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Diagnostic Error in Health Care

Improving Diagnosis in Health Care
  • Title : Improving Diagnosis in Health Care
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Diagnostic Error in Health Care
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309377692
  • Pages : 472
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care - it provides an explanation of a patient's health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions. The diagnostic process is a complex, collaborative activity that involves clinical reasoning and information gathering to determine a patient's health problem. According to Improving Diagnosis in Health Care, diagnostic errors-inaccurate or delayed diagnoses-persist throughout all settings of care and continue to harm an unacceptable number of patients. It is likely that most people will experience at least one diagnostic error in their lifetime, sometimes with devastating consequences. Diagnostic errors may cause harm to patients by preventing or delaying appropriate treatment, providing unnecessary or harmful treatment, or resulting in psychological or financial repercussions. The committee concluded that improving the diagnostic process is not only possible, but also represents a moral, professional, and public health imperative. Improving Diagnosis in Health Care a continuation of the landmark Institute of Medicine reports To Err Is Human (2000) and Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) finds that diagnosis-and, in particular, the occurrence of diagnostic errorsâ€"has been largely unappreciated in efforts to improve the quality and safety of health care. Without a dedicated focus on improving diagnosis, diagnostic errors will likely worsen as the delivery of health care and the diagnostic process continue to increase in complexity. Just as the diagnostic process is a collaborative activity, improving diagnosis will require collaboration and a widespread commitment to change among health care professionals, health care organizations, patients and their families, researchers, and policy makers. The recommendations of Improving Diagnosis in Health Care contribute to the growing momentum for change in this crucial area of health care quality and safety.


Building a Better Delivery System by Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering

Building a Better Delivery System
  • Title : Building a Better Delivery System
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 030909643X
  • Pages : 276
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In a joint effort between the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine, this books attempts to bridge the knowledge/awareness divide separating health care professionals from their potential partners in systems engineering and related disciplines. The goal of this partnership is to transform the U.S. health care sector from an underperforming conglomerate of independent entities (individual practitioners, small group practices, clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, community health centers et. al.) into a high performance "system" in which every participating unit recognizes its dependence and influence on every other unit. By providing both a framework and action plan for a systems approach to health care delivery based on a partnership between engineers and health care professionals, Building a Better Delivery System describes opportunities and challenges to harness the power of systems-engineering tools, information technologies and complementary knowledge in social sciences, cognitive sciences and business/management to advance the U.S. health care system.


The Development of American Physiology by Bruce Fye,W. Bruce Fye

The Development of American Physiology
  • Title : The Development of American Physiology
  • Author : Bruce Fye,W. Bruce Fye
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 308
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The Changing Role of the Hospital in European Health Systems by Martin McKee,Sherry Merkur,Nigel Edwards,Ellen Nolte

The Changing Role of the Hospital in European Health Systems
  • Title : The Changing Role of the Hospital in European Health Systems
  • Author : Martin McKee,Sherry Merkur,Nigel Edwards,Ellen Nolte
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1108790054
  • Pages : 324
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A team of world-leading policy experts and clinicians analyse the changing role of the hospital across Europe.


The Gene, the Clinic, and the Family by Joanna Latimer

The Gene, the Clinic, and the Family
  • Title : The Gene, the Clinic, and the Family
  • Author : Joanna Latimer
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 113507013X
  • Pages : 238
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

While some theorists argue that medicine is caught in a relentless process of ‘geneticization’ and others offer a thesis of biomedicalization, there is still little research that explores how these effects are accomplished in practice. Joanna Latimer, whose groundbreaking ethnography on acute medicine gave us the social science classic The Conduct of Care, moves her focus from the bedside to the clinic in this in-depth study of genetic medicine. Against current thinking that proselytises the rise of laboratory science, Professor Latimer shows how the genetic clinic is at the heart of the revolution in the new genetics. Tracing how work on the abnormal in an embryonic genetic science, dysmorphology, is changing our thinking about the normal, The Gene, the Clinic, and the Family charts new understandings about family, procreation and choice. Far from medicine experiencing the much-proclaimed ‘death of the clinic’, this book shows how medicine is both reasserting its status as a science and revitalising its dominance over society, not only for now but for societies in the future. This book will appeal to students, scholars and professionals interested in medical sociology, science and technology studies, the anthropology of science, medical science and genetics, as well as genetic counselling.


Communication and Bioethics at the End of Life by Lori A. Roscoe,David P. Schenck

Communication and Bioethics at the End of Life
  • Title : Communication and Bioethics at the End of Life
  • Author : Lori A. Roscoe,David P. Schenck
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319709208
  • Pages : 199
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This casebook provides a set of cases that reveal the current complexity of medical decision-making, ethical reasoning, and communication at the end of life for hospitalized patients and those who care for and about them. End-of-life issues are a controversial part of medical practice and of everyday life. Working through these cases illuminates both the practical and philosophical challenges presented by the moral problems that surface in contemporary end-of-life care. Each case involved real people, with varying goals and constraints,who tried to make the best decisions possible under demanding conditions. Though there were no easy solutions, nor ones that satisfied all stakeholders, there are important lessons to be learned about the ways end-of-life care can continue to improve. This advanced casebook is a must-read for medical and nursing students, students in the allied health professions, health communication scholars, bioethicists, those studying hospital and public administration, as well as for practicing physicians and educators.


ABC of Prehospital Emergency Medicine by Tim Nutbeam,Matthew Boylan

ABC of Prehospital Emergency Medicine
  • Title : ABC of Prehospital Emergency Medicine
  • Author : Tim Nutbeam,Matthew Boylan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 0470654880
  • Pages : 215
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"This brand new title in the ABC series provides a comprehensive overview of pre-hospital medicine, including transport, patient assessment, emergency care systems, and pre-hospital interventions.With pre-hospital care being the start of the "trauma chain", the treatment patients receive on-scene as well as en-route can be life-saving, and this new title is invaluabe for all staff involved in emergency and pre-hospital medicine"--Provided by publisher.


Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice

Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice
  • Title : Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309145449
  • Pages : 436
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Collaborations of physicians and researchers with industry can provide valuable benefits to society, particularly in the translation of basic scientific discoveries to new therapies and products. Recent reports and news stories have, however, documented disturbing examples of relationships and practices that put at risk the integrity of medical research, the objectivity of professional education, the quality of patient care, the soundness of clinical practice guidelines, and the public's trust in medicine. Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice provides a comprehensive look at conflict of interest in medicine. It offers principles to inform the design of policies to identify, limit, and manage conflicts of interest without damaging constructive collaboration with industry. It calls for both short-term actions and long-term commitments by institutions and individuals, including leaders of academic medical centers, professional societies, patient advocacy groups, government agencies, and drug, device, and pharmaceutical companies. Failure of the medical community to take convincing action on conflicts of interest invites additional legislative or regulatory measures that may be overly broad or unduly burdensome. Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice makes several recommendations for strengthening conflict of interest policies and curbing relationships that create risks with little benefit. The book will serve as an invaluable resource for individuals and organizations committed to high ethical standards in all realms of medicine.


Best Care at Lower Cost by Institute of Medicine,Committee on the Learning Health Care System in America

Best Care at Lower Cost
  • Title : Best Care at Lower Cost
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on the Learning Health Care System in America
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309260736
  • Pages : 436
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

America's health care system has become too complex and costly to continue business as usual. Best Care at Lower Cost explains that inefficiencies, an overwhelming amount of data, and other economic and quality barriers hinder progress in improving health and threaten the nation's economic stability and global competitiveness. According to this report, the knowledge and tools exist to put the health system on the right course to achieve continuous improvement and better quality care at a lower cost. The costs of the system's current inefficiency underscore the urgent need for a systemwide transformation. About 30 percent of health spending in 2009--roughly $750 billion--was wasted on unnecessary services, excessive administrative costs, fraud, and other problems. Moreover, inefficiencies cause needless suffering. By one estimate, roughly 75,000 deaths might have been averted in 2005 if every state had delivered care at the quality level of the best performing state. This report states that the way health care providers currently train, practice, and learn new information cannot keep pace with the flood of research discoveries and technological advances. About 75 million Americans have more than one chronic condition, requiring coordination among multiple specialists and therapies, which can increase the potential for miscommunication, misdiagnosis, potentially conflicting interventions, and dangerous drug interactions. Best Care at Lower Cost emphasizes that a better use of data is a critical element of a continuously improving health system, such as mobile technologies and electronic health records that offer significant potential to capture and share health data better. In order for this to occur, the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, IT developers, and standard-setting organizations should ensure that these systems are robust and interoperable. Clinicians and care organizations should fully adopt these technologies, and patients should be encouraged to use tools, such as personal health information portals, to actively engage in their care. This book is a call to action that will guide health care providers; administrators; caregivers; policy makers; health professionals; federal, state, and local government agencies; private and public health organizations; and educational institutions.


Health of People, Health of Planet and Our Responsibility by Wael Al-Delaimy,Veerabhadran Ramanathan,Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo

Health of People, Health of Planet and Our Responsibility
  • Title : Health of People, Health of Planet and Our Responsibility
  • Author : Wael Al-Delaimy,Veerabhadran Ramanathan,Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • ISBN Code : 3030311252
  • Pages : 417
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This open access book not only describes the challenges of climate disruption, but also presents solutions. The challenges described include air pollution, climate change, extreme weather, and related health impacts that range from heat stress, vector-borne diseases, food and water insecurity and chronic diseases to malnutrition and mental well-being. The influence of humans on climate change has been established through extensive published evidence and reports. However, the connections between climate change, the health of the planet and the impact on human health have not received the same level of attention. Therefore, the global focus on the public health impacts of climate change is a relatively recent area of interest. This focus is timely since scientists have concluded that changes in climate have led to new weather extremes such as floods, storms, heat waves, droughts and fires, in turn leading to more than 600,000 deaths and the displacement of nearly 4 billion people in the last 20 years. Previous work on the health impacts of climate change was limited mostly to epidemiologic approaches and outcomes and focused less on multidisciplinary, multi-faceted collaborations between physical scientists, public health researchers and policy makers. Further, there was little attention paid to faith-based and ethical approaches to the problem. The solutions and actions we explore in this book engage diverse sectors of civil society, faith leadership, and political leadership, all oriented by ethics, advocacy, and policy with a special focus on poor and vulnerable populations. The book highlights areas we think will resonate broadly with the public, faith leaders, researchers and students across disciplines including the humanities, and policy makers.


Management Engineering for Effective Healthcare Delivery by Alexander Kolker,Pierce Story

Management Engineering for Effective Healthcare Delivery
  • Title : Management Engineering for Effective Healthcare Delivery
  • Author : Alexander Kolker,Pierce Story
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781609608743
  • Pages : 481
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"This book illustrates the power of management engineering for quantitative managerial decision-making in healthcare settings, that assists in predicting performance and/or real resource requirements and allowing decision-makers to be truly proactive rather than reactive"--


Crisis Standards of Care by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Crisis Standards of Care: A Toolkit for Indicators and Triggers

Crisis Standards of Care
  • Title : Crisis Standards of Care
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Crisis Standards of Care: A Toolkit for Indicators and Triggers
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309285526
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Disasters and public health emergencies can stress health care systems to the breaking point and disrupt delivery of vital medical services. During such crises, hospitals and long-term care facilities may be without power; trained staff, ambulances, medical supplies and beds could be in short supply; and alternate care facilities may need to be used. Planning for these situations is necessary to provide the best possible health care during a crisis and, if needed, equitably allocate scarce resources. Crisis Standards of Care: A Toolkit for Indicators and Triggers examines indicators and triggers that guide the implementation of crisis standards of care and provides a discussion toolkit to help stakeholders establish indicators and triggers for their own communities. Together, indicators and triggers help guide operational decision making about providing care during public health and medical emergencies and disasters. Indicators and triggers represent the information and actions taken at specific thresholds that guide incident recognition, response, and recovery. This report discusses indicators and triggers for both a slow onset scenario, such as pandemic influenza, and a no-notice scenario, such as an earthquake. Crisis Standards of Care features discussion toolkits customized to help various stakeholders develop indicators and triggers for their own organizations, agencies, and jurisdictions. The toolkit contains scenarios, key questions, and examples of indicators, triggers, and tactics to help promote discussion. In addition to common elements designed to facilitate integrated planning, the toolkit contains chapters specifically customized for emergency management, public health, emergency medical services, hospital and acute care, and out-of-hospital care.


Finding What Works in Health Care by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Standards for Systematic Reviews of Comparative Effectiveness Research

Finding What Works in Health Care
  • Title : Finding What Works in Health Care
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Standards for Systematic Reviews of Comparative Effectiveness Research
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309164257
  • Pages : 340
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Healthcare decision makers in search of reliable information that compares health interventions increasingly turn to systematic reviews for the best summary of the evidence. Systematic reviews identify, select, assess, and synthesize the findings of similar but separate studies, and can help clarify what is known and not known about the potential benefits and harms of drugs, devices, and other healthcare services. Systematic reviews can be helpful for clinicians who want to integrate research findings into their daily practices, for patients to make well-informed choices about their own care, for professional medical societies and other organizations that develop clinical practice guidelines. Too often systematic reviews are of uncertain or poor quality. There are no universally accepted standards for developing systematic reviews leading to variability in how conflicts of interest and biases are handled, how evidence is appraised, and the overall scientific rigor of the process. In Finding What Works in Health Care the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends 21 standards for developing high-quality systematic reviews of comparative effectiveness research. The standards address the entire systematic review process from the initial steps of formulating the topic and building the review team to producing a detailed final report that synthesizes what the evidence shows and where knowledge gaps remain. Finding What Works in Health Care also proposes a framework for improving the quality of the science underpinning systematic reviews. This book will serve as a vital resource for both sponsors and producers of systematic reviews of comparative effectiveness research.


The Process of Economic Development by James M. Cypher,James L. Dietz

The Process of Economic Development
  • Title : The Process of Economic Development
  • Author : James M. Cypher,James L. Dietz
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780415254168
  • Pages : 539
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This textbook includes discussions of such topics as the environment, the debt case, export-led industrialization, import substitution industrialization, growth theory and technological capability.


The Roman Retail Revolution by Steven J. R. Ellis

The Roman Retail Revolution
  • Title : The Roman Retail Revolution
  • Author : Steven J. R. Ellis
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198769938
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Tabernae were ubiquitous in all Roman cities, lining the busiest streets and dominating their most crowded intersections in numbers far exceeding those of any other form of building. That they played a vital role in the operation of the city, and indeed in the very definition of urbanizationin ancient Rome, is a point too often under-appreciated in Roman studies, and one which bears fruitful further exploration. The Roman Retail Revolution offers a thorough investigation into the social and economic worlds of the Roman shop, focusing on food and drink outlets in particular. Combining critical analysis of both archaeological material and textual sources, it challenges many of the conventional ideas about theplace of retailing in the Roman city and unravels the historical development of tabernae to identify three major waves or revolutions in the shaping of retail landscapes. The volume is underpinned by two new and important bodies of evidence: the first generated from the University of Cincinnati'srecent archaeological excavations into a Pompeian neighborhood of close to twenty shop-fronts, and the second resulting from a field-survey of the retail landscapes of more than a hundred cities from across the Roman world. The richness of this information, combined with the volume'sinterdisciplinary approach to the lives of the Roman sub-elite, results in a refreshingly original look at the history of retailing and urbanism in the Roman world.


World Report on Disability by World Health Organization

World Report on Disability
  • Title : World Report on Disability
  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9789241564182
  • Pages : 325
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The World Report on Disability suggests more than a billion people totally experience disability. They generally have poorer health, lower education and fewer economic opportunities and higher rates of poverty than people without disabilities. This report provides the best available evidence about what works to overcome barriers to better care and services.


Strengthening Health Systems Through Nursing by Anne Marie Rafferty,Reinhard Busse,Britta Zander-Jentsch,Luk Bruyneel,Walter Sermeus

Strengthening Health Systems Through Nursing
  • Title : Strengthening Health Systems Through Nursing
  • Author : Anne Marie Rafferty,Reinhard Busse,Britta Zander-Jentsch,Luk Bruyneel,Walter Sermeus
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9789289051743
  • Pages : 178
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Who is a nurse?" and "What is nursing?" seem to be simple questions yet the answers are strangely elusive. This book explores the variations in structure and organization of the nursing workforce across the different countries of Europe. This diversity, and the reasons for it, are of more than academic interest. The work of nurses has always had a critical impact on patient outcomes. As health systems shift radically in response to rising demand, the role of nurses becomes even more important. This book is part of a two-volume study on the contributions that nurses make to strengthening health systems. This is the first time that the topic of nursing has been dealt with at length within the Observatory Health Policy Series. The aim is to raise the profile of nursing within health policy and draw the attention of decision-makers. Part 1 is a series of national case studies drawn from Belgium, England, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. The countries were chosen as the subject of a large EU-funded study of nursing (RN4Cast). Lithuania and Slovenia were added to provide broader geographical and policy reach. Part 2, to be published later this year, will provide thematic analysis of important policy issues such as quality of care, workforce planning, education and training, regulation and migration. The lessons learned from comparative case-study analysis demonstrate wide variation in every dimension of the workforce. It examines what a nurse is; nurse-to-doctor and nurse-to-population ratios; the education, regulation and issuing of credentials to nurses; and the planning of the workforce. While comparative analysis across countries brings these differences into sharp relief, it also reveals how the EU functions as an important "binding agent," drawing these diverse elements together into a more coherent whole.


Logistics management operationalised in a healthcare context by Malin Wiger

Logistics management operationalised in a healthcare context
  • Title : Logistics management operationalised in a healthcare context
  • Author : Malin Wiger
  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • ISBN Code : 9176853292
  • Pages : 455
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Healthcare improvements is constantly relevant and an important topic. Healthcare is frequently being called upon to be more cost-efficient and still fulfil demands regarding waiting times, quality and availability. Experience from structural changes in other contexts gives reason to be positive about the potential for logistics improvements in the healthcare sector as well. From a logistics perspective patients pass different care functions, units, organisations and health facilities. It is assumed that logistics management knowledge applied in healthcare can lead to lower costs, shorter waiting times, better patient service, shorter treatment times and increased capacity. This dissertation therefore presents an exploration of how logistics management theories can be operationalised in a healthcare context to understand care chain effectiveness. Theoretically, the operationalisation is done by systems theory creating compatibility between logistics management theories and the healthcare context. As a first step, features for a logistics system forms features for achieving care chain effectiveness. High care chain effectiveness is thus a desired condition and the care delivery system is the tool to achieve it. As the final step in the operationalisation the features for care chain effectiveness are in turn used to analyse today’s practices. Empirically, the research is based on qualitative data from a single case study with multiple units of analysis. It includes four care units at one of Sweden’s university hospitals, where the data is gathered through interviews, insight into management systems and document analysis. One of the main results is the 21 areas identified for analysing today’s practices by means of features for care chain effectiveness. Another main result is the four important concepts revealed through the operationalisation: Lead time - the episode of care from order to delivery as the amount of time for patient cases between first contact with healthcare and the last.Patient order fulfilment - fulfilment of patients’ needs, broken down into several smaller steps performed over time within different care units in one or several organisations, consisting of five sub-processes - order handling, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and discharge.True demand – patients’ needs that is to be met and thus sets what care to deliver, i.e. the production plan and the subordinate resource plan.System boundaries - defines which care units to include when focusing on the care delivery system’s performance as a whole and should be more important than the performance and productivity of each individual care unit. A number of direct suggestions for care chain improvement can also be found in the concluding remarks, for example that objectives linked to economic influx or penalty narrow the system and that lead time data on an aggregated level is needed to cover episodes of care. The theoretical contribution of the dissertation is to the field of logistics management through the methodological development of using these theories in a new context. The managerial contribution is to healthcare managers through providing opportunities to improve care chains primarily by means of a greater understanding of care delivery systems.


Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Health and Medical Dimensions of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults

Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults
  • Title : Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Health and Medical Dimensions of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309671000
  • Pages : 316
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Social isolation and loneliness are serious yet underappreciated public health risks that affect a significant portion of the older adult population. Approximately one-quarter of community-dwelling Americans aged 65 and older are considered to be socially isolated, and a significant proportion of adults in the United States report feeling lonely. People who are 50 years of age or older are more likely to experience many of the risk factors that can cause or exacerbate social isolation or loneliness, such as living alone, the loss of family or friends, chronic illness, and sensory impairments. Over a life course, social isolation and loneliness may be episodic or chronic, depending upon an individual's circumstances and perceptions. A substantial body of evidence demonstrates that social isolation presents a major risk for premature mortality, comparable to other risk factors such as high blood pressure, smoking, or obesity. As older adults are particularly high-volume and high-frequency users of the health care system, there is an opportunity for health care professionals to identify, prevent, and mitigate the adverse health impacts of social isolation and loneliness in older adults. Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults summarizes the evidence base and explores how social isolation and loneliness affect health and quality of life in adults aged 50 and older, particularly among low income, underserved, and vulnerable populations. This report makes recommendations specifically for clinical settings of health care to identify those who suffer the resultant negative health impacts of social isolation and loneliness and target interventions to improve their social conditions. Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults considers clinical tools and methodologies, better education and training for the health care workforce, and dissemination and implementation that will be important for translating research into practice, especially as the evidence base for effective interventions continues to flourish.


Hacking Healthcare by Fred Trotter,David Uhlman

Hacking Healthcare
  • Title : Hacking Healthcare
  • Author : Fred Trotter,David Uhlman
  • Publisher : \"O\'Reilly Media, Inc.\"
  • ISBN Code : 1449318800
  • Pages : 250
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Ready to take your IT skills to the healthcare industry? This concise book provides a candid assessment of the US healthcare system as it ramps up its use of electronic health records (EHRs) and other forms of IT to comply with the government’s Meaningful Use requirements. It’s a tremendous opportunity for tens of thousands of IT professionals, but it’s also a huge challenge: the program requires a complete makeover of archaic records systems, workflows, and other practices now in place. This book points out how hospitals and doctors’ offices differ from other organizations that use IT, and explains what’s necessary to bridge the gap between clinicians and IT staff. Get an overview of EHRs and the differences among medical settings Learn the variety of ways institutions deal with patients and medical staff, and how workflows vary Discover healthcare’s dependence on paper records, and the problems involved in migrating them to digital documents Understand how providers charge for care, and how they get paid Explore how patients can use EHRs to participate in their own care Examine healthcare’s most pressing problem—avoidable errors—and how EHRs can both help and exacerbate it


Handbook of Healthcare System Scheduling by Randolph Hall

Handbook of Healthcare System Scheduling
  • Title : Handbook of Healthcare System Scheduling
  • Author : Randolph Hall
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9781461417347
  • Pages : 334
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This edited volume captures and communicates the best thinking on how to improve healthcare by improving the delivery of services -- providing care when and where it is needed most -- through application of state-of-the-art scheduling systems. Over 12 chapters, the authors cover aspects of setting appointments, allocating healthcare resources, and planning to ensure that capacity matches needs for care. A central theme of the book is increasing healthcare efficiency so that both the cost of care is reduced and more patients have access to care. This can be accomplished through reduction of idle time, lessening the time needed to provide services and matching resources to the needs where they can have the greatest possible impact on health. Within their chapters, authors address: (1) Use of scheduling to improve healthcare efficiency. (2) Objectives, constraints and mathematical formulations. (3) Key methods and techniques for creating schedules. (4) Recent developments that improve the available problem solving methods. (5) Actual applications, demonstrating how the methods can be used. (6) Future directions in which the field of research is heading. Collectively, the chapters provide a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of models and methods for scheduling the delivery of patient care for all parts of the healthcare system. Chapter topics include setting appointments for ambulatory care and outpatient procedures, surgical scheduling, nurse scheduling, bed management and allocation, medical supply logistics and routing and scheduling for home healthcare.


The Antibody Molecule by Anthony R. Rees

The Antibody Molecule
  • Title : The Antibody Molecule
  • Author : Anthony R. Rees
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199646570
  • Pages : 364
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Antibody Molecule follows the extraordinary journey of the medics and scientists who shaped the course of medical advances in the field of immunology. One of the oldest of the medical sciences, immunology has a history that has seen chemists, physicists and biologists alike seeking to unravel the most complex system in the human body outside the brain. This book charts its intriguing history, from the genetic basis of antibody diversity, through the understanding of the mechanism by which the immune system's first line of defence works, to breakthroughs in crystallography and the exploitation of immunoglobulins as therapeutic platforms to treat cancer, inflammation and allergy. Tracing the developments in immunology in chronological order, Professor Antony R. Rees presents the historical contexts of the periods in rich detail, bringing them to life with quotes and illustrations. This fascinating book examines the literature of the time, turning points, and controversies. A must read for immunologists and life scientists, as well as historians of science and medicine.


An Epidemic of Empathy in Healthcare: How to Deliver Compassionate, Connected Patient Care That Creates a Competitive Advantage by Thomas H. Lee

An Epidemic of Empathy in Healthcare: How to Deliver Compassionate, Connected Patient Care That Creates a Competitive Advantage
  • Title : An Epidemic of Empathy in Healthcare: How to Deliver Compassionate, Connected Patient Care That Creates a Competitive Advantage
  • Author : Thomas H. Lee
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • ISBN Code : 1259586316
  • Pages : 208
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The best strategies in healthcare begin with empathy Revolutionary advances in medical knowledge have caused doctors to become so focused on their narrow fields of expertise that they often overlook the simplest fact of all: their patients are suffering. This suffering goes beyond physical pain. It includes the fear, uncertainty, anxiety, confusion, mistrust, and waiting that so often characterize modern healthcare. One of healthcare’s most acclaimed thought leaders, Dr. Thomas H. Lee shows that world-class medical treatment and compassionate care are not mutually exclusive. In An Epidemic of Empathy in Healthcare, he argues that we must have it both ways—that combining advanced science with empathic care is the only way to build the health systems our society needs and deserves. Organizing providers so that care is compassionate and coordinated is not only the right thing to do for patients, it also forms the core of strategy in healthcare’s competitive new marketplace. It provides business advantages to organizations that strive to reduce human suffering effectively, reliably, and efficiently. Lee explains how to develop a culture that treats the patient, not the malady, and he provides step-by-step guidance for unleashing an “epidemic of empathy” by: Developing a shared understanding of the overarching goal—meeting patients’ needs and reducing their suffering Making empathic care a social norm rather than the focus of economic incentives Pinpointing and addressing the most significant causes of patient suffering Collecting and using data to drive improvement Healthcare is entering a new era driven by competition on value—meeting patients’ needs as efficiently as possible. Leaders must make the choice either to move forward and build a new culture designed for twenty-first-century medicine or to maintain old models and practices and be left behind. Lee argues that empathic care resonates with the noblest values of all clinicians. If healthcare organizations can help caregivers live up to these values and focus on alleviating their patients’ suffering, they hold the key to improving value-based care and driving business success. Join the compassionate care movement and unleash an epidemic of empathy! Thomas H. Lee, MD, is Chief Medical Officer of Press Ganey, with more than three decades of experience in healthcare performance improvement as a practicing physician, leader in provider organizations, researcher, and health policy expert. He is a Professor (Part-time) of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Professor of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard School of Public Health.


Medicine and the Saints by Ellen J. Amster

Medicine and the Saints
  • Title : Medicine and the Saints
  • Author : Ellen J. Amster
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • ISBN Code : 0292745443
  • Pages : 334
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The colonial encounter between France and Morocco in the late nineteenth century took place not only in the political realm but also in the realm of medicine. Because the body politic and the physical body are intimately linked, French efforts to colonize Morocco took place in and through the body. Starting from this original premise, Medicine and the Saints traces a history of colonial embodiment in Morocco through a series of medical encounters between the Islamic sultanate of Morocco and the Republic of France from 1877 to 1956. Drawing on a wealth of primary sources in both French and Arabic, Ellen Amster investigates the positivist ambitions of French colonial doctors, sociologists, philologists, and historians; the social history of the encounters and transformations occasioned by French medical interventions; and the ways in which Moroccan nationalists ultimately appropriated a French model of modernity to invent the independent nation-state. Each chapter of the book addresses a different problem in the history of medicine: international espionage and a doctor's murder; disease and revolt in Moroccan cities; a battle for authority between doctors and Muslim midwives; and the search for national identity in the welfare state. This research reveals how Moroccans ingested and digested French science and used it to create a nationalist movement and Islamist politics, and to understand disease and health. In the colonial encounter, the Muslim body became a seat of subjectivity, the place from which individuals contested and redefined the political.


Emergency Medical Services by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on the Future of Emergency Care in the United States Health System

Emergency Medical Services
  • Title : Emergency Medical Services
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on the Future of Emergency Care in the United States Health System
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309133784
  • Pages : 310
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is a critical component of our nation's emergency and trauma care system, providing response and medical transport to millions of sick and injured Americans each year. At its best, EMS is a crucial link to survival in the chain of care, but within the last several years, complex problems facing the emergency care system have emerged. Press coverage has highlighted instances of slow EMS response times, ambulance diversions, trauma center closures, and ground and air medical crashes. This heightened public awareness of problems that have been building over time has underscored the need for a review of the U.S. emergency care system. Emergency Medical Services provides the first comprehensive study on this topic. This new book examines the operational structure of EMS by presenting an in-depth analysis of the current organization, delivery, and financing of these types of services and systems. By addressing its strengths, limitations, and future challenges this book draws upon a range of concerns: • The evolving role of EMS as an integral component of the overall health care system. • EMS system planning, preparedness, and coordination at the federal, state, and local levels. • EMS funding and infrastructure investments. • EMS workforce trends and professional education. • EMS research priorities and funding. Emergency Medical Services is one of three books in the Future of Emergency Care series. This book will be of particular interest to emergency care providers, professional organizations, and policy makers looking to address the deficiencies in emergency care systems.


Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care by Committee on Improving the Quality of Cancer Care: Addressing the Challenges of an Aging Population,Board on Health Care Services,Institute of Medicine

Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care
  • Title : Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care
  • Author : Committee on Improving the Quality of Cancer Care: Addressing the Challenges of an Aging Population,Board on Health Care Services,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309286602
  • Pages : 367
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In the United States, approximately 14 million people have had cancer and more than 1.6 million new cases are diagnosed each year. However, more than a decade after the Institute of Medicine (IOM) first studied the quality of cancer care, the barriers to achieving excellent care for all cancer patients remain daunting. Care often is not patient-centered, many patients do not receive palliative care to manage their symptoms and side effects from treatment, and decisions about care often are not based on the latest scientific evidence. The cost of cancer care also is rising faster than many sectors of medicine--having increased to $125 billion in 2010 from $72 billion in 2004--and is projected to reach $173 billion by 2020. Rising costs are making cancer care less affordable for patients and their families and are creating disparities in patients' access to high-quality cancer care. There also are growing shortages of health professionals skilled in providing cancer care, and the number of adults age 65 and older--the group most susceptible to cancer--is expected to double by 2030, contributing to a 45 percent increase in the number of people developing cancer. The current care delivery system is poorly prepared to address the care needs of this population, which are complex due to altered physiology, functional and cognitive impairment, multiple coexisting diseases, increased side effects from treatment, and greater need for social support. Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care: Charting a New Course for a System in Crisis presents a conceptual framework for improving the quality of cancer care. This study proposes improvements to six interconnected components of care: (1) engaged patients; (2) an adequately staffed, trained, and coordinated workforce; (3) evidence-based care; (4) learning health care information technology (IT); (5) translation of evidence into clinical practice, quality measurement and performance improvement; and (6) accessible and affordable care. This report recommends changes across the board in these areas to improve the quality of care. Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care: Charting a New Course for a System in Crisis provides information for cancer care teams, patients and their families, researchers, quality metrics developers, and payers, as well as HHS, other federal agencies, and industry to reevaluate their current roles and responsibilities in cancer care and work together to develop a higher quality care delivery system. By working toward this shared goal, the cancer care community can improve the quality of life and outcomes for people facing a cancer diagnosis.


Telehealth in the Developing World by Richard Wootton,Niv G Patil,Richard E. Scott,Kendall Ho

Telehealth in the Developing World
  • Title : Telehealth in the Developing World
  • Author : Richard Wootton,Niv G Patil,Richard E. Scott,Kendall Ho
  • Publisher : IDRC
  • ISBN Code : 1853157848
  • Pages : 318
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Health care is primarily about people-to-people interactions. It is about understanding, diagnosis, physical contact, communication, and, ultimately, providing care. By bringing people together, telecommunication technologies have the potential to improve both the quality of and access to health care in the remotest areas of the developing world. Telemedicine offers solutions for emergency medical assistance, long-distance consultation, administration and logistics, supervision and quality assurance, and education and training for healthcare professionals and providers. This book aims to redress the relative lack of published information on successful telehealth solutions in the developing world. It presents real-life stories from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. It is rich in practical experience and will be of interest to health professionals, development workers, and e-health and telehealth proponents interested in learning about, or contributing to the implementation of, appropriate solutions for 80% of the world's population.


Nationalism and Social Policy by Daniel Béland,André Lecours

Nationalism and Social Policy
  • Title : Nationalism and Social Policy
  • Author : Daniel Béland,André Lecours
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199546843
  • Pages : 255
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This text explores the little studied relationship between nationalism and social policy. Focusing on Canada, the United Kingdom, and Belgium, it sheds new light on the relationships between identity formation, territorial politics, and social policy.