Clarity Cut And Culture

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Clarity, Cut, and Culture

Clarity, Cut, and Culture Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479834394
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Clarity, Cut, and Culture by , Summary

Images of diamonds appear everywhere in American culture. And everyone who has a diamond has a story to tell about it. Our stories about diamonds not only reveal what we do with these tiny stones, but also suggest how we create value, meaning, and identity through our interactions with material culture in general. Things become meaningful through our interactions with them, but how do people go about making meaning? What can we learn from an ethnography about the production of identity, creation of kinship, and use of diamonds in understanding selves and social relationships? By what means do people positioned within a globalized political-economy and a compelling universe of advertising interact locally with these tiny polished rocks? This book draws on 12 months of fieldwork with diamond consumers in New York City as well as an analysis of the iconic De Beers campaign that promised romance, status, and glamour to anyone who bought a diamond to show that this thematic pool is just one resource among many that diamond owners draw upon to engage with their own stones. The volume highlights the important roles that memory, context, and circumstance also play in shaping how people interpret and then use objects in making personal worlds. It shows that besides operating as subjects in an ad-burdened universe, consumers are highly creative, idiosyncratic, and theatrical agents.

Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2021

Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2021 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Osvaldo Gervasi,Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Chiara Garau,Ivan Blečić,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Ana Maria A. C. Rocha,Eufemia Tarantino,Carmelo Maria Torre
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030869733
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Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2021 by Osvaldo Gervasi,Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Chiara Garau,Ivan Blečić,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Ana Maria A. C. Rocha,Eufemia Tarantino,Carmelo Maria Torre Summary

The ten-volume set LNCS 12949 – 12958 constitutes the proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2021, which was held in Cagliari, Italy, during September 13 – 16, 2021. The event was organized in a hybrid mode due to the Covid-19 pandemic.The 466 full and 18 short papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 1588 submissions. The books cover such topics as multicore architectures, blockchain, mobile and wireless security, sensor networks, open source software, collaborative and social computing systems and tools, cryptography, applied mathematics human computer interaction, software design engineering, and others. Part IV of the set includes the papers on Urban and Regional Planning and the proceedings of the following workshops: ​International Workshop on Blockchain and Distributed Ledgers: Technologies and Applications (BDLTA 2021); International Workshop on Computational and Applied Mathematics (CAM 2021); International Workshop on Computational and Applied Statistics (CAS 2021); International Workshop on Computerized Evaluation of Economic Activities: Urban Spaces (CEEA 2021).The chapters "Automated Housing Price Valuation and Spatial Data", "Spatial Automated Valuation Model (sAVM) - from the notion of space to the design of an evaluation tool", and "A MCDA/GIS-based approach for evaluating accessibility to health facilities" are published open access under a CC BY license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License).

White Gold

White Gold Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Susan Falls
Editor: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 1496202694
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White Gold by Susan Falls Summary

Women have shared breast milk for eons, but in White Gold, Susan Falls shows how the meanings of capitalism, technology, motherhood, and risk can be understood against the backdrop of an emerging practice in which donors and recipients of breast milk are connected through social media in the southern United States. Drawing on her own experience as a participant, Falls describes the sharing community. She also presents narratives from donors, doulas, medical professionals, and recipients to provide a holistic ethnographic account. Situating her subject within cross-cultural comparisons of historically shifting attitudes about breast milk, Falls shows how sharing "white gold"--seen as a scarce, valuable, even mysterious substance--is a mode of enacting parenthood, gender, and political values. Though breast milk is increasingly being commodified, Falls argues that sharing is a powerful and empowering practice. Far from uniform, participants may be like-minded about parenting but not other issues, so their acquaintanceships add new textures to the body politic. In this interdisciplinary account, White Gold shows how sharing simultaneously reproduces the capitalist values that it disrupts while encouraging community-making between strangers.

Seductive Academic Writing

Seductive Academic Writing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Danyal Freeman
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527509869
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Seductive Academic Writing by Danyal Freeman Summary

This volume teaches academics and graduate students how to write seductive academic prose by learning a literacy rarely taught in academic writing or style handbooks: to use literary devices and figures of speech to meet ideals of stylish communication; and how these ideals and supposed ‘literary’ techniques serve academic readers and writers. Part one explores the persistent problem of the bad academic writing style called ‘academese’ and argues stylish academic writers avoid it by writing with figures of speech. Part two teaches and illustrates figures of speech seductive writers write into academic prose to convey the music and rhythms of good speech, cohesion, coherence and storytelling, and the personality and passions of the author. Part three argues the academy will not heal itself of academese until academic writing pedagogies teach students to care enough for their readers to write with figures of speech that craft seductive academic writing.

The Imperfects

The Imperfects Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Amy Meyerson
Editor: Harlequin
ISBN: 1488057249
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The Imperfects by Amy Meyerson Summary

HIGHLY RECOMMENDED BY GOOD MORNING AMERICA · PARADE · OK! MAGAZINE · ELLE CANADA · CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR · PUBLISHERS WEEKLY “A page-turning family saga, this book will entertain readers of all generations.” —Good Morning America “Compassionate, thoughtful, and surprisingly moving… [The Imperfects] will satisfy fans of Maggie Shipstead and Celeste Ng.” —Booklist From the bestselling author of The Bookshop of Yesterdays comes a captivating new novel about a priceless inheritance that leads one family on a life-altering pursuit of the truth. The Millers are far from perfect. Estranged siblings Beck, Ashley and Jake find themselves under one roof for the first time in years, forced to confront old resentments and betrayals, when their mysterious, eccentric matriarch, Helen, passes away. But their lives are about to change when they find a secret inheritance hidden among her possessions—the Florentine Diamond, a 137-carat yellow gemstone that went missing from the Austrian Empire a century ago. Desperate to learn how one of the world’s most elusive diamonds ended up in Helen’s bedroom, they begin investigating her past only to realize how little they know about their brave, resilient grandmother. As the Millers race to determine whether they are the rightful heirs to the diamond and the fortune it promises, they uncover a past more tragic and powerful than they ever could have imagined, forever changing their connection to their heritage and each other. Inspired by the true story of the real, still-missing Florentine Diamond, The Imperfects illuminates the sacrifices we make for family and how sometimes discovering the truth of the past is the only way to better the future.

The Anthropology of Precious Minerals

The Anthropology of Precious Minerals Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Elizabeth Ferry,Annabel Vallard,Andrew Walsh
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487517343
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The Anthropology of Precious Minerals by Elizabeth Ferry,Annabel Vallard,Andrew Walsh Summary

Why do people single out gold, sapphires, diamonds, and other minerals as particularly “precious”? What makes precious minerals “precious”? Drawing from ethnographic and cross-cultural research, this collection of anthropological essays and case studies answers these questions by exploring humans’ multifaceted relationships with the minerals they deem “precious.” The Anthropology of Precious Minerals addresses the entanglement of humans and minerals, with a particular focus on the practices of scrappers, miners, and hunters as they work to extract value. The editors draw from history, archaeology, and ethnography, and remind us that “preciousness” must always be understood in relation to complex cultural, political-economic, and semiotic systems of value.

Fewer, Better Things

Fewer, Better Things Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Glenn Adamson
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1632869667
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Fewer, Better Things by Glenn Adamson Summary

From the former director of the Museum of Arts and Design in New York, a timely and passionate case for the role of the well-designed object in the digital age. Curator and scholar Glenn Adamson opens Fewer, Better Things by contrasting his beloved childhood teddy bear to the smartphones and digital tablets children have today. He laments that many children and adults are losing touch with the material objects that have nurtured human development for thousands of years. The objects are still here, but we seem to care less and know less about them. In his presentations to groups, he often asks an audience member what he or she knows about the chair the person is sitting in. Few people know much more than whether it's made of wood, plastic, or metal. If we know little about how things are made, it's hard to remain connected to the world around us. Fewer, Better Things explores the history of craft in its many forms, explaining how raw materials, tools, design, and technique come together to produce beauty and utility in handmade or manufactured items. Whether describing the implements used in a traditional Japanese tea ceremony, the use of woodworking tools, or the use of new fabrication technologies, Adamson writes expertly and lovingly about the aesthetics of objects, and the care and attention that goes into producing them. Reading this wise and elegant book is a truly transformative experience.

Cross-Cultural Design: Applications in Mobile Interaction, Education, Health, Tarnsport and Cultural Heritage

Cross-Cultural Design: Applications in Mobile Interaction, Education, Health, Tarnsport and Cultural Heritage Pdf/ePub eBook Author: P.L. Patrick Rau
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319209345
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Cross-Cultural Design: Applications in Mobile Interaction, Education, Health, Tarnsport and Cultural Heritage by P.L. Patrick Rau Summary

The two LNCS volume set 9180-9181 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Cross-Cultural Design, CCD 2015, held as part of the 17th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2015, in Los Angeles, CA, USA in August 2015, jointly with 15 other thematically similar conferences. The total of 1462 papers and 246 posters presented at the HCII 2015 conferences were carefully reviewed and selected from 4843 submissions. These papers of the two volume set address as follows: LNCS 9180, Cross-Cultural Design: Methods, Practice and Impact (Part I), addressing the following major topics: cross-cultural product design, cross-cultural design methods and case studies, design, innovation, social development and sustainability and LNCS 9181, Cross-Cultural Design: Applications in Mobile Interaction, Education, Health, Transport and Cultural Heritage (Part II), addressing the following major topics: cultural aspects of social media and mobile services, culture for transport and travel, culture for design and design for culture and culture for health, learning and games.

Popular Culture in the Twenty-First Century

Popular Culture in the Twenty-First Century Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Myc Wiatrowski,Cory Barker
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443864447
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Popular Culture in the Twenty-First Century by Myc Wiatrowski,Cory Barker Summary

Popular culture surrounds us: It is the products we consume, the movies we watch, the music we listen to, and the books we read. It is on our televisions, our phones, and our computers. Popular Culture in the Twenty-First Century engages with these texts and offers a diverse selection of contemporary scholarship from a wide variety of perspectives. These essays, adapted from presentations at the first annual Ray Browne Conference on Popular Culture held at Bowling Green State University in 2012, participate in an ongoing dialogue about popular culture’s importance in both the academy and our everyday lives. This collection honors the diversity, depth, and breadth of popular culture studies by examining contemporary television, film, video games, internet fandom, cultures and subcultures, and gender, sexuality, and identity politics. Popular Culture in the Twenty-First Century reflects the necessity of exploring our common experiences and the many cultural modes that shape our everyday lives.

Literature and Culture in Modern Britain

Literature and Culture in Modern Britain Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Clive Bloom,Gary Day
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317897528
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Literature and Culture in Modern Britain by Clive Bloom,Gary Day Summary

British culture has changed almost beyond recognition since 1956. Angry young men have been displaced by Yuppies, Elvis by the Spice Girls, and meat and two veg by continental cuisine. What is more, as the death of Diana, Princess of Wales showed, the British are now more famous for a trembling lower lip than a stiff upper one. This volume, the last in the series, examines the transformations in literature and culture over the last forty years. An introductory essay provides a context for the following chapters by arguing that although there have been significant changes in British life, there are also profound continuities. It also discusses the rise of 'theory' and its impact on the humanities. Each essay in the volume concentrates on a facet of British culture over the last half century from painting to poetry, from the seriousness of the novel to the postmodern ironies of the computing age. What we get from this selection is not only an informed history of the relations between literature and culture but also a lively sense of cultural change, not least of which is the new found relationship between literature and other arts which ushers us into the new millennium.

Race Relations and Cultural Differences

Race Relations and Cultural Differences Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gajendra Verma,Christopher Bagley
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136510036
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Race Relations and Cultural Differences by Gajendra Verma,Christopher Bagley Summary

A collection of key papers given at three international conferences in Britain, the United States and Canada on race relations and multiculturalism are drawn together in this book. The first section includes three papers on the state of theory in race relations; the second contains papers on educational themes, examining in particular the pitfalls in multicultural education. It also looks at the development and problems of second language education for minority groups in several countries. The final section focuses on special topics including the adjustment and identity of children of mixed race marriages; the plight of children from Canada’s native communities; and the hearing impaired as a minority group.

Forgery in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Culture

Forgery in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Culture Pdf/ePub eBook Author: S. Malton
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230619746
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Forgery in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Culture by S. Malton Summary

Malton examines the literary and cultural representation of the financial crime of forgery from the time of massive executions of forgers during the early nineteenth century to the forger's emergence as the ultimate criminal aesthete at the fin-de-siècle.

Translating Cultures

Translating Cultures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Katan
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317639944
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Translating Cultures by David Katan Summary

As the 21st century gets into stride so does the call for a discipline combining culture and translation. This second edition of Translating Cultures retains its original aim of putting some rigour and coherence into these fashionable words and lays the foundation for such a discipline. This edition has not only been thoroughly revised, but it has also been expanded. In particular, a new chapter has been added which focuses specifically on training translators for translational and intercultural competencies. The core of the book provides a model for teaching culture to translators, interpreters and other mediators. It introduces the reader to current understanding about culture and aims to raise awareness of the fundamental role of culture in constructing, perceiving and translating reality. Culture is perceived throughout as a system for orienting experience, and a basic presupposition is that the organization of experience is not 'reality', but rather a simplified model and a 'distortion' which varies from culture to culture. Each culture acts as a frame within which external signs or 'reality' are interpreted. The approach is interdisciplinary, taking ideas from contemporary translation theory, anthropology, Bateson's logical typing and metamessage theories, Bandler and Grinder's NLP meta-model theory, and Hallidayan functional grammar. Authentic texts and translations are offered to illustrate the various strategies that a cultural mediator can adopt in order to make the different cultural frames he or she is mediating between more explicit.

Race and Culture in Psychiatry (Psychology Revivals)

Race and Culture in Psychiatry (Psychology Revivals) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Suman Fernando
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317557697
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Race and Culture in Psychiatry (Psychology Revivals) by Suman Fernando Summary

As psychiatry has developed it has proved to be susceptible to the influence of contemporary social and political mores. With its origins in nineteenth-century Europe, psychiatry evolved as an ethnocentric body of knowledge, the vehicle of implicit and overt racism. Originally published in 1988 this author, however, saw no reason why the contemporary psychiatrist should not challenge this ethnocentrism. He provides a critical account of the development of psychiatry in relation to its cultural context and then examined contemporary practice of the time in the light of this development. Throughout, the book is informed by an awareness of issues of race and culture and of their difficult interactions, the author emphasising both the frequency of racist attitudes and the very real cultural distinctions in our society, distinctions that can be used to mask what are actually racist sentiments. What emerges is not just a plea for an anti-racist, culture sensitive psychiatry, but a blueprint for how this can be brought about. He argued that the shift towards community work and social psychiatry could reorientate the profession by confronting it with its social setting and responsibilities. This book represented a significant contribution to this literature for all mental health professionals and social scientists with an interest in this field at the time; the author has gone on to write many more.

Philip Larkin, Popular Culture, and the English Individual

Philip Larkin, Popular Culture, and the English Individual Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Ryan Hibbett
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1498543030
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Philip Larkin, Popular Culture, and the English Individual by J. Ryan Hibbett Summary

This book explores Larkin’s engagement with popular culture both as a threat to poetic authority and as a necessary form of cultural capital. It reveals the processes by which the social, contemporary, and politically charged practices of everyday life become the property of the cultured individual.

The Value of Arts and Culture for Regional Development

The Value of Arts and Culture for Regional Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lisbeth Lindeborg,Lars Lindkvist
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136760806
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The Value of Arts and Culture for Regional Development by Lisbeth Lindeborg,Lars Lindkvist Summary

In this new volume, 28 Scandinavian researchers and others who are active in arts and culture seek to answer the questions: What has been the effect of regional and local investment in arts and culture? And what positive and negative experiences have there been? This book describes and analyzes the extent to which cultural investments at local and regional levels have stimulated development and led to essential processes of change for the community in general. Of special interest is how different places manage to "turn the tide". What do their development processes involve? Which ways and means do they use to go forward in order to change their paths and start anew? These are just a few of the important questions addressed in this book. One of the most important findings is that while you can never transfer the successful renewal of one place to another like a blueprint, certain common patterns in the cultural processes are discernible. The contributors to this book show the breadth of theoretical tools that can be used to increase awareness of the significance of culture for regional development. Throughout the book readers will find a multitude of theoretical concepts, from entrepreneurship theory, organizational institutionalism and cultural economy, to cultural planning and art management. This book will appeal to scholars and practitioners of urban and regional studies, and cultural and creative economics.

Black Writing, Culture, and the State in Latin America

Black Writing, Culture, and the State in Latin America Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jerome C. Branche
Editor: Vanderbilt University Press
ISBN: 0826503721
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Black Writing, Culture, and the State in Latin America by Jerome C. Branche Summary

Imagine the tension that existed between the emerging nations and governments throughout the Latin American world and the cultural life of former enslaved Africans and their descendants. A world of cultural production, in the form of literature, poetry, art, music, and eventually film, would often simultaneously contravene or cooperate with the newly established order of Latin American nations negotiating independence and a new political and cultural balance. In Black Writing, Culture, and the State in Latin America, Jerome Branche presents the reader with the complex landscape of art and literature among Afro-Hispanic and Latin artists. Branche and his contributors describe individuals such as Juan Francisco Manzano, who wrote an autobiography on the slave experience in Cuba during the nineteenth century. The reader finds a thriving Afro-Hispanic theatrical presence throughout Latin America and even across the Atlantic. The role of black women in poetry and literature comes to the forefront in the Caribbean, presenting a powerful reminder of the diversity that defines the region. All too often, the disciplines of film studies, literary criticism, and art history ignore the opportunity to collaborate in a dialogue. Branche and his contributors present a unified approach, however, suggesting that cultural production should not be viewed narrowly, especially when studying the achievements of the Afro-Latin world.

Human Assessment and Cultural Factors

Human Assessment and Cultural Factors Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John W. Berry,S.H. Irvine
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489921516
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Human Assessment and Cultural Factors by John W. Berry,S.H. Irvine Summary

Against the background of NATO's Istanbul conference of 1971 (Cronbach and Drenth, 1972), the Kingston conference shows that great progress has been made by the community of cross-cultural psychologists. The progress is as much in the psychology of the investigators as in the investigations being reported. In 1971 the investigators were mostly strangers to each other. Behind their reports lay radically different field experiences, disparate research traditions, and mutually contradictory social ideals. Istanbul was not a Tower of Babel, but participants did speak past each other. Now a community exists, thanks to the meetings of NATO and the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, to flourishing journals, and the Triandis et a1. (1980) Handbook. The members tend to know each other, can anticipate how their formu lations will fallon the ears of others, and accept superficially divergent approaches as making up a collective enterprise. Ten years ago there was open conflict between those who con fronted exotic peoples with traditional tests and applied tradi tional interpretations to the responses, and the relativists who insisted that tasks, test taking, and interpretation cannot be "standardized" in the ways that matter. Today's investigators are conscious of the need to revalidate tasks carried into alien settings; they often prefer to redesign the mode of presentation and to attune the subject to test taking. They face the diffi culties squarely and recognize that even the best means of coping are only partially successful.

Behavior Science Perspectives on Culture and Community

Behavior Science Perspectives on Culture and Community Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Traci M. Cihon,Mark A. Mattaini
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030454215
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Behavior Science Perspectives on Culture and Community by Traci M. Cihon,Mark A. Mattaini Summary

All science proceeds by progressively building on the work of others while remaining open to new discoveries and challenging existing conceptual frameworks. The same is true of culturo-behavior science. This textbook presents the scientifically rigorous work of the last several decades that has taken a behavior-analytic view of social and cultural processes, with an eye for contributions that address social and cultural issues. The chapters herein explore and elaborate on the history, theories, and methodologies of culturo-behavior science and those of its researchers and practitioners. Throughout this volume, the authors intentionally prompt students to both learn from and question the current theory and methods while shaping their own research and practice. This book presents multiple intersecting perspectives intended for graduate-level students of behavior analysis. Contributors to this volume include many of the major scholars and practitioners conducting research and/or practicing in communities and larger cultural systems. Their work is scientifically guided, systemic, and ecologically valid; it includes basic research as well as efforts having applications in community health, sustainability, environmental issues, and social justice, among other matters. There is material here to support specialists preparing to do research or practice within community and cultural-level systems. As well, students who intend to do direct and clinical work will find the background they need to make contributions to the field as engaged, informed citizens.

Architecture, State Modernism and Cultural Nationalism in the Apartheid Capital

Architecture, State Modernism and Cultural Nationalism in the Apartheid Capital Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hilton Judin
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000367061
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Architecture, State Modernism and Cultural Nationalism in the Apartheid Capital by Hilton Judin Summary

This book is the first comprehensive investigation of the architecture of the apartheid state in the period of rapid economic growth and political repression from 1957 to 1966 when buildings took on an ideological role that was never remote from the increasingly dominant administrative, legislative and policing mechanisms of the regime. It considers how this process reflected the usurpation of a regional modernism and looks to contribute to wider discourses on international postwar modernism in architecture. Buildings in Pretoria that came to embody ambitions of the apartheid state for industrialisation and progress serve as case studies. These were widely acclaimed projects that embodied for apartheid officials the pursuit of modernisation but carried latent apprehensions of Afrikaners about their growing economic prospects and cultural estrangement in Africa. It is a less known and marginal story due to the dearth of material and documents buried in archives and untranslated documents. Many of the documents, drawings and photographs in the book are unpublished and include classified material and photographs from the National Nuclear Research Centre, negatives of 1960s from Pretoria News and documents and pamphlets from Afrikaner Broederbond archives. State architecture became the most iconic public manifestation of an evolving expression of white cultural identity as a new generation of architects in Pretoria took up the challenge of finding form to their prospects and beliefs. It was an opportunistic faith in Afrikaners who urgently needed to entrench their vulnerable and contested position on the African continent. The shift from provincial town to apartheid capital was swift and relentless. Little was left to stand in the way of the ambitions and aim of the state as people were uprooted and forcibly relocated, structures torn down and block upon block of administration towers and slabs erected across Pretoria. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of architectural history as well as those with an interest in postcolonial studies, political science and social anthropology.