Climate: A Very Short Introduction by Mark Maslin

Climate: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Climate: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Mark Maslin
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0199641137
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this Very Short Introduction, Mark Maslin looks at all aspects of climate, from the physical and chemical factors that drive it and how climate differs from weather, to how climate has affected human settlements and the cyclic features of it. He ends with a look at climate change and our current approaches to solving it.


Climate Change by Mark Maslin

Climate Change
  • Title : Climate Change
  • Author : Mark Maslin
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198719043
  • Pages : 187
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Previous editions published as: Global warming.


Global Warming: A Very Short Introduction by Mark Maslin

Global Warming: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Global Warming: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Mark Maslin
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0192840975
  • Pages : 184
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Global Warming is one of the most controversial scientific issues of the twenty first century. This book provides an informative, up-to-date, and readable book about the predicted impacts of global warming and the surprises that could be in store for us in the near future. - ;Global Warming is one of the most controversial scientific issues of the twenty-first century. This is a problem that has serious economic, sociological, geopolitical, political, and personal implications. This Very Short Introduction is an informative, up-to-date, and readable book about the predicted impacts of global warming and the surprises that could be in store for us in the near future. It unpacks the controversies that surround global warming, drawing on material from the recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a huge collaborative study drawing together current thinking on the subject from experts in a range of disciplines, and for the first time presents the findings of the Panel for a general readership. The book also discusses the politics of global warming, and looks at what we can do now to adapt to climate change and mitigate its worst effects. -


Global Warming by Mark Maslin

Global Warming
  • Title : Global Warming
  • Author : Mark Maslin
  • Publisher : Voyageur Press (MN)
  • ISBN Code : 9780760329658
  • Pages : 72
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Describes the evidence of global warming, its causes, its predicted impacts, and how its detrimental effects can be reduced.


A Short Introduction to Climate Change by Tony Eggleton,R. A. Eggleton

A Short Introduction to Climate Change
  • Title : A Short Introduction to Climate Change
  • Author : Tony Eggleton,R. A. Eggleton
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1107618762
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Provides a comprehensive, balanced and reader-friendly account of the developments in climate science over the past 250 years.


Landscapes and Geomorphology: A Very Short Introduction by Andrew Goudie,Heather Viles

Landscapes and Geomorphology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Landscapes and Geomorphology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Andrew Goudie,Heather Viles
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191614157
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What were the landscapes of the past like? What will landscapes look like in the future? Landscapes are all around us, but most of us know very little about how they have developed, what goes on in them, and how they react to changing climates, tectonics and human activities. Examining what landscape is, and how we use a range of ideas and techniques to study it, Andrew Goudie and Heather Viles demonstrate how geomorphologists have built on classic methods pioneered by some great 19th century scientists to examine our Earth. Using examples from around the world, including New Zealand, the Tibetan Plateau, and the deserts of the Middle East, they examine some of the key controls on landscape today such as tectonics and climate, as well as humans and the living world. They also discuss some key 'landscape detectives' from the past, including Charles Darwin who did some important, but often overlooked, research on landscape. Concluding with the cultural importance of landscape, and exploring how this has led to the conservation of much 'earth heritage', they delve into the future and look at how we can predict the response of landscapes to climate change in the future. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Weather: a Very Short Introduction by Storm Dunlop

Weather: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Weather: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Storm Dunlop
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199571317
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

From deciding the best day for a picnic, to the devastating effects of hurricanes and typhoons, the weather impacts our lives on a daily basis. Although new techniques allow us to forecast the weather with increasing accuracy, most people do not realize the vast global movements and forces which result in their day-to-day weather. In this Very Short Introduction, Storm Dunlop explains what weather is and how it differs from climate, discussing what causes weather, and how we measure it. Analyzing the basic features and properties of the atmosphere, he shows how these are directly related to the weather experienced on the ground, and to specific weather phenomena and extreme weather events. He describes how the global patterns of temperature and pressure give rise to the overall circulation within the atmosphere, the major wind systems, and the major oceanic currents, and how features such as mountains and the sea affect local weather. He also looks at examples of extreme and dangerous weather, such as of tropical cyclones (otherwise known as hurricanes and typhoons), describing how "Hurricane Hunters" undertake the dangerous task of flying through them. We measure weather in a number of ways: observations taken on the land and sea; observations within the atmosphere; and measurements from orbiting satellites. Dunlop concludes by looking at how these observations have been used to develop increasingly sophisticated long and short-range weather forecasting, including ensemble forecasting. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Earth System Science by Tim Lenton

Earth System Science
  • Title : Earth System Science
  • Author : Tim Lenton
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019871887X
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

When humanity first glimpsed planet Earth from space, the unity of the system that supports humankind entered the popular consciousness. The concept of the Earth's atmosphere, biosphere, oceans, soil, and rocks operating as a closely interacting system has rapidly gained ground in science. This new field, involving geographers, geologists, biologists, oceanographers, and atmospheric physicists, is known as Earth System Science. In this Very Short Introduction, Tim Lenton considers how a world in which humans could evolve was created; how, as a species, we are now reshaping that world; and what a sustainable future for humanity within the Earth System might look like. Drawing on elements of geology, biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics, Lenton asks whether Earth System Science can help guide us onto a sustainable course before we alter the Earth system to the point where we destroy ourselves and our current civilisation. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Atmosphere by Paul Palmer

The Atmosphere
  • Title : The Atmosphere
  • Author : Paul Palmer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198722036
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The atmosphere is the thin, diffuse fluid that envelops the Earth's surface. Despite its apparent fragility, the existence of this fluid is vital for human and other life on Earth. In this Very Short Introduction, Paul Palmer describes the physical and chemical characteristics of different layers in the atmosphere, and shows how the interactions where the atmosphere is in contact with land, ocean, and ice affect its observed physical and chemical properties. He also looks at how movement in the atmosphere, driven by heat from the sun, transports heat from lower latitudes to higher latitudes, and is a fundamental feature of the general circulation in the atmosphere. Finally, Palmer presents an overview of the types of measurements used to understand different parts of the atmosphere, and identifies the future challenges for atmospheric scientists. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Waking the Giant by Bill McGuire

Waking the Giant
  • Title : Waking the Giant
  • Author : Bill McGuire
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199678758
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Argues that the rapid climate change will provoke geophysical events, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.


Climate Analysis by Chester F. Ropelewski,Phillip A. Arkin

Climate Analysis
  • Title : Climate Analysis
  • Author : Chester F. Ropelewski,Phillip A. Arkin
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0521896169
  • Pages : 374
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Explains how climatologists have come to understand current climate variability and trends through analysis of observations, datasets and models.


Happiness: A Very Short Introduction by Daniel M. Haybron

Happiness: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Happiness: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Daniel M. Haybron
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199590605
  • Pages : 149
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Most of us spend our lives striving for happiness. But what is it? How important is it? How can we (and should we) pursue it? In this Very Short Introduction Dan Haybron provides a comprehensive look at the nature of happiness. By using examples, Haybron considers how we measure happiness, what makes us happy, and considers its subjective nature.


Anthropocene by Erle C. Ellis

Anthropocene
  • Title : Anthropocene
  • Author : Erle C. Ellis
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198792980
  • Pages : 208
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Climate scientists, geologists, ecologists, and archaeologists recognize the profound effects of human activity on Earth, though whether and how this should be recognized as a formal geological epoch - the Anthropocene - remains under debate, Erle Ellis describes how the Anthropocene concept is affecting the sciences, humanities, and politics.


Climate Justice by Dominic Roser,Christian Seidel

Climate Justice
  • Title : Climate Justice
  • Author : Dominic Roser,Christian Seidel
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN Code : 1317209532
  • Pages : 230
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The link between justice and climate change is becoming increasingly prominent in public debates on climate policy. This clear and concise philosophical introduction to climate justice addresses the hot topic of climate change as a moral challenge. Using engaging everyday examples the authors address the core arguments by providing a comprehensive and balanced overview of this heated debate, enabling students and practitioners to think critically about the subject area and to promote discussion on questions such as: Why do anything in the face of climate change? How much do we owe our descendants – a better world, or nothing at all? How should we distribute the burden of climate action between industrialized and developing countries? Should I adopt a green lifestyle even if no one else makes an effort? Which means of reducing emissions are permissible? Should we put hope in technological solutions? Should we re-design democratic institutions for more effective climate policy? With chapter summaries, illustrative examples and suggestions for further reading, this book is an ideal introduction for students in political philosophy, applied ethics and environmental ethics, as well as for practitioners working on one of the most urgent issues of our time.


Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction by Philip Mladenov

Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Philip Mladenov
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019884171X
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The oceans are our planet's most distinctive and imposing natural habitat. They cover 71 percent of its surface; support a remarkably diverse and exquisitely adapted array of life forms, from microscopic viruses, bacteria, and plankton to the largest existing animals; and possess many of Earth's most significant, intriguing, and inaccessible ecosystems. In an era in which humans are significantly altering the global environment, the oceans are undergoing rapid and profound changes. The study of marine biology is thus taking on added importance and urgency as people struggle to understand and manage these changes to protect our marine ecosystems. Healthy oceans produce half of the oxygen we breathe; stabilize our climate; create ecosystems that protect our coasts from storms; provide us with abundant food; and host diverse organisms that provide us with natural products for medicine and biotechnology. In this Very Short Introduction, marine biologist Philip Mladenov provides an accessible and up-to-date overview of marine biology, offering a tour of marine life and marine processes that ranges from the unimaginably abundant microscopic organisms that drive the oceans' food web to the apex predators that we exploit for food; from polar ocean ecosystems to tropical coral reefs; and from the luxurious kelp beds of the coastal ocean to deep-ocean hydrothermal vents where life exists without the energy of the sun. Throughout the book he considers the human impacts on marine life including overfishing, plastic and nutrient pollution, the spread of exotic species, and ocean warming and acidification. He discusses the threats these pose to our welfare, and the actions required to put us on a path to a more sustainable relationship with our oceans so that they can be restored and protected for future generations. Mladenov concludes with a new chapter offering an inspiring vision for the future of our oceans in 2050 that can be realised if we are wise enough to accelerate actions already underway and be bold with implementing new approaches. The next decade will decide the state of the oceans that we leave behind for future generations. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Oxford Weather and Climate Since 1767 by Stephen Burt,Tim Burt

Oxford Weather and Climate Since 1767
  • Title : Oxford Weather and Climate Since 1767
  • Author : Stephen Burt,Tim Burt
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198834632
  • Pages : 544
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The British have always been obsessed by the weather. Thomas Hornsby, who founded the Radcliffe Observatory in Oxford in 1772, began weather observations at the site. They continue daily to this day, unbroken since 14 November 1813, the longest continuous series of single-site weather records in the British Isles, and one of the longest in the world. Oxford Weather and Climate since 1767 represents the first full publication of this newly-digitised record of English weather, which will appeal to interested readers and climate researchers alike. The book celebrates this unique and priceless Georgian legacy by describing and explaining how the records were (and still are) made, examines monthly and seasonal weather patterns across two centuries, and considers the context of long-term climate change. Local documentary sources and contemporary photographs bring the statistics to life, from the clouds of 'smoak' from the Great Fire of London in 1666 to the most recent floods. This book explores all the weather extremes, from bitter cold winters to hot, dry summers, bringing to life the painstaking measurements made over the last 250 years.


Climate Change by Gavin Schmidt,Joshua Wolfe

Climate Change
  • Title : Climate Change
  • Author : Gavin Schmidt,Joshua Wolfe
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton
  • ISBN Code : 9780393331257
  • Pages : 305
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An unprecedented union of scientific analysis and stunning photography illustrating the effects of climate change on the global ecosystem.


Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate by Joyce Maschinski,Kristin E. Haskins

Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate
  • Title : Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate
  • Author : Joyce Maschinski,Kristin E. Haskins
  • Publisher : Island Press
  • ISBN Code : 1610911830
  • Pages : 432
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Considered an essential conservation tool, plant reintroductions have been conducted for many of the world's rarest plant species. The expertise and knowledge gained through these efforts constitute an essential storehouse of information for conservationists faced with a rapidly changing global climate. This volume presents a comprehensive review of reintroduction projects and practices, the circumstances of their successes or failures, lessons learned, and the potential role for reintroductions in preserving species threatened by climate change. Contributors examine current plant reintroduction practices, from selecting appropriate source material and recipient sites to assessing population demography. The findings culminate in a set of Best Reintroduction Practice Guidelines, included in an appendix. These guidelines cover stages from planning and implementation to long-term monitoring, and offer not only recommended actions but also checklists of questions to consider that are applicable to projects around the world. Traditional reintroduction practice can inform managed relocation-the deliberate movement of species outside their native range-which may be the only hope for some species to persist in a natural environment. Included in the book are discussions of the history, fears, and controversy regarding managed relocation, along with protocols for evaluating invasive risk and proposals for conducting managed relocation of rare plants. Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate is a comprehensive and accessible reference for practitioners to use in planning and executing rare plant reintroductions.


Environmental Politics by Andrew Dobson

Environmental Politics
  • Title : Environmental Politics
  • Author : Andrew Dobson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199665575
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Environmental politics has many faces and operates at multiple scales: it preoccupies individuals as well as governments, drives local agreements as well as international treaties, results in minor business changes as well as wholesale business decisions, and fluctuates between a politics of protest and one of accommodation. In this Very Short Introduction Andrew Dobson offers a lively and comprehensive commentary on the many facets of environmental politics today. Looking towards the future, he asks whether environmental politics will be comfortably accommodated by mainstream politics, or whether the advent of the Anthropocene - a whole new geological epoch driven by human impact on the environment - will herald a break with the politics of growth that has dominated social life since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Introduction to Energy and Climate by Julie Kerr

Introduction to Energy and Climate
  • Title : Introduction to Energy and Climate
  • Author : Julie Kerr
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 1498774407
  • Pages : 462
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The purpose of this textbook is to provide a well-rounded working knowledge of both climate change and environmental sustainability for a wide range of students. Students will learn core concepts and methods to analyze energy and environmental impacts; will understand what is changing the earth’s climate, and what that means for life on earth now and in the future. They will also have a firm understanding of what energy is and how it can be used. This text intends to develop working knowledge of these topics, with both technical and social implications. Students will find in one volume the integration and careful treatment of climate, energy, and sustainability.


Climate and the Oceans by Geoffrey K. Vallis

Climate and the Oceans
  • Title : Climate and the Oceans
  • Author : Geoffrey K. Vallis
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691150281
  • Pages : 231
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Explores climate and oceans, providing a look at the basics of climate, a descriptive overview of the oceans, a brief introduction to dynamics, and coverage of other related topics.


Geography: A Very Short Introduction by John A. Matthews,David T. Herbert

Geography: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Geography: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : John A. Matthews,David T. Herbert
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578681
  • Pages : 200
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Modern Geography has come a long way from its historical roots in exploring foreign lands, and simply mapping and naming the regions of the world. Spanning both physical and human Geography, the discipline today is unique as a subject which can bridge the divide between the sciences and the humanities, and between the environment and our society. Using wide-ranging examples from global warming and oil, to urbanization and ethnicity, this Very Short Introduction paints a broad picture of the current state of Geography, its subject matter, concepts and methods, and its strengths and controversies. The book’s conclusion is no less than a manifesto for Geography’s future. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Climate Change Science by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee on the Science of Climate Change

Climate Change Science
  • Title : Climate Change Science
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee on the Science of Climate Change
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309075742
  • Pages : 42
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The warming of the Earth has been the subject of intense debate and concern for many scientists, policy-makers, and citizens for at least the past decade. Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions, a new report by a committee of the National Research Council, characterizes the global warming trend over the last 100 years, and examines what may be in store for the 21st century and the extent to which warming may be attributable to human activity.


Earth's Climate by William F. Ruddiman

Earth's Climate
  • Title : Earth's Climate
  • Author : William F. Ruddiman
  • Publisher : Macmillan
  • ISBN Code : 0716784904
  • Pages : 388
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

'Earth's Climate' summarises the major lessons to be learned from 550 million years of climate changes, as a way of evaluating the climatological impact on and by humans in this century. The book also looks ahead to possible effects during the next several centuries of fossil fuel use.


Jet Stream by Tim Woollings

Jet Stream
  • Title : Jet Stream
  • Author : Tim Woollings
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198828519
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A number of extreme weather events have struck the Northern Hemisphere in recent years, from scorching heatwaves to desperately cold winters, and from floods and storms to droughts and wildfires. These events have fuelled intense discussions in scientific conferences, government agencies, cafes, and on street corners around the world. Why are these events happening? Is this the emerging signal of climate change, and should we expect more of this? Media reports vary widely, but one mysterious agent has risen to prominence in many cases: the jet stream. The story begins on a windswept beach in Barbados, from where we follow the ascent of a weather balloon that will travel along the jet stream all around the world. From this viewpoint we observe the effect of the jet in influencing human life around the hemisphere, and witness startling changes emerging. What is the jet stream and how well do we understand it? How does it affect our weather and is it changing? These are the main questions tackled in this book. We learn about how our view of the wind has developed from Aristotle's early theories up to today's understanding. We see that the jet is intimately connected with dramatic contrasts between climate zones and has played a key historical role in determining patterns of trade. We learn about the basic physics underlying the jet and how this knowledge is incorporated into computer models which predict both tomorrow's weather and the climate of future decades. And finally, we discuss how climate change is expected to affect the jet, and introduce the vital scientific debate over whether these changes have contributed to recent extreme weather events.


Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate by Han Dolman

Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate
  • Title : Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate
  • Author : Han Dolman
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198779305
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Biogeochemical cycles play a fundamental role in the Earth's system - they describe the movement of matter and transfer of energy around the planet. This book explores changes in our current climate, as well as those in our geological past. It takes the view of the Earth as an integrated system and examines the impact of biogeochemical cycles on the climate and vice versa. How have the cycles of key nutrients, such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and waterchanged, both in the geological past and more recently through the impact of humans on the Earth System? How do these cycles interact with each other and the physical properties of climate? How can we usethis knowledge to mitigate some of the impacts of changing biogeochemistry on climate, and the Earth's habitability and resilience?This book is about these aspects of biogeochemical cycling and the Earth's climate. Understanding the exchange of materials and its relation to climate is important, in particular if these exchanges involve radiatively active trace gases (such as CO2, CH4 and N2O). These trace gases directly interact with the climate, through their absorptioncharacteristics in the infrared radiation domain.


Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate by Kevin J. Noone,Ussif Rashid Sumaila,Robert J. Diaz

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate
  • Title : Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate
  • Author : Kevin J. Noone,Ussif Rashid Sumaila,Robert J. Diaz
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • ISBN Code : 0124076610
  • Pages : 376
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate summarizes the current state of several threats to the global oceans. What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the Pacific region. Previous works usually have compiled local studies, which are essentially impossible to properly integrate to the global scale. The editors have engaged leading scientists in a number of areas, such as fisheries and marine ecosystems, ocean chemistry, marine biogeochemical cycling, oceans and climate change, and economics, to examine the threats to the oceans both individually and collectively, provide gross estimates of the economic and societal impacts of these threats, and deliver high-level recommendations. Nominated for a Katerva Award in 2012 in the Economy category State of the science reviews by known marine experts provide a concise, readable presentation written at a level for managers and students Links environmental and economic aspects of ocean threats and provides an economic analysis of action versus inaction Provides recommendations for stakeholders to help stimulate the development of policies that would help move toward sustainable use of marine resources and services


Introduction to Modern Climate Change by Andrew Dessler

Introduction to Modern Climate Change
  • Title : Introduction to Modern Climate Change
  • Author : Andrew Dessler
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521173155
  • Pages : 252
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This textbook is tightly focused on the problem of anthropogenic climate change. It is unique among textbooks on climate change in that it combines an introduction of the science with an introduction to the non-science issues such as the economic and policy options. Unlike more purely descriptive textbooks, it contains the quantitative depth that is necessary for an adequate understanding of the science of climate change. The goal of the book is for a student to leave the class ready to engage in the public policy debate on this issue. This is an invaluable textbook for any introductory survey course on the science and policy of climate change, for both non-science majors and introductory science students.


Economics: A Very Short Introduction by Partha Dasgupta

Economics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Economics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Partha Dasgupta
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 9780191578281
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Economics has the capacity to offer us deep insights into some of the most formidable problems of life, and offer solutions to them too. Combining a global approach with examples from everyday life, Partha Dasgupta describes the lives of two children who live very different lives in different parts of the world: in the Mid-West USA and in Ethiopia. He compares the obstacles facing them, and the processes that shape their lives, their families, and their futures. He shows how economics uncovers these processes, finds explanations for them, and how it forms policies and solutions. Along the way, Dasgupta provides an intelligent and accessible introduction to key economic factors and concepts such as individual choices, national policies, efficiency, equity, development, sustainability, dynamic equilibrium, property rights, markets, and public goods. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World by Leverhulme Early Career Research Fellow Clare Heyward,Dominic Roser,Research Fellow in the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations Dominic Roser

Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World
  • Title : Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World
  • Author : Leverhulme Early Career Research Fellow Clare Heyward,Dominic Roser,Research Fellow in the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations Dominic Roser
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198744048
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Climate change is a pressing international political issue, for which a practical but principled solution is urgently required. Climate Justice in a Non-Ideal World aims to make normative theorising on climate justice more relevant and applicable to political realities and public policy. The motivation behind this edited collection is that normative theorising has something to offer even in an imperfect world mired by partial compliance and unfavourable circumstances. In the last years, a lively debate has sprung up in political philosophy about non-ideal theory and there has also been an upsurge of interest in the various normative issues raised by climate change such as intergenerational justice, transnational harm, collective action, or risk assessment. However, there has been little systematic discussion of the links between climate justice and non-ideal theory even though the former would seem like a paradigm example of the relevance of the latter. The aim of this edited volume is to address this. In doing so, the volume presents original work from leading experts on climate ethics, including several who have participated in climate policy. The first part of the book discusses those facets of the debate on climate justice that become relevant due to the shortcomings of current global action on climate change. The second part makes specific suggestions for adjusting current policies and negotiating procedures in ways that are feasible in the relatively short term while still decreasing the distance between current climate policy and the ideal. The chapters in the third and final part reflect upon how philosophical work can be brought to bear on the debates in climate science, communication, and politics.


Cognitive Neuroscience by Richard Passingham

Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Title : Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Author : Richard Passingham
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198786220
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Up to the 1960s, psychology was deeply under the influence of behaviourism, which focused on stimuli and responses, and regarded consideration of what may happen in the mind as unapproachable scientifically. This began to change with the devising of methods to try to tap into what was going on in the 'black box' of the mind, and the development of 'cognitive psychology'. With the study of patients who had suffered brain damage or injury to limited parts of the brain, outlines of brain components and processes began to take shape, and by the end of the 1970s, a new science, cognitive neuroscience, was born. But it was with the development of ways of accessing activation of the working brain using imaging techniques such as PET and fMRI that cognitive neuroscience came into its own, as a science cutting across psychology and neuroscience, with strong connections to philosophy of mind. Experiments involving subjects in scanners while doing various tasks, thinking, problem solving, and remembering are shedding light on the brain processes involved. The research is exciting and new, and often makes media headlines. But there is much misunderstanding about what brain imaging tells us, and the interpretation of studies on cognition. In this Very Short Introduction Richard Passingham, a distinguished cognitive neuroscientist, gives a provocative and exciting account of the nature and scope of this relatively new field, and the techniques available to us, focusing on investigation of the human brain. He explains what brain imaging shows, pointing out common misconceptions, and gives a brief overview of the different aspects of human cognition: perceiving, attending, remembering, reasoning, deciding, and acting. Passingham concludes with a discussion of the exciting advances that may lie ahead. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Communicating Climate Change by Anne K. Armstrong,Marianne E. Krasny,Jonathon P. Schuldt

Communicating Climate Change
  • Title : Communicating Climate Change
  • Author : Anne K. Armstrong,Marianne E. Krasny,Jonathon P. Schuldt
  • Publisher : Comstock Publishing Associates
  • ISBN Code : 1501730800
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Environmental educators face a formidable challenge when they approach climate change due to the complexity of the science and of the political and cultural contexts in which people live. There is a clear consensus among climate scientists that climate change is already occurring as a result of human activities, but high levels of climate change awareness and growing levels of concern have not translated into meaningful action. Communicating Climate Change provides environmental educators with an understanding of how their audiences engage with climate change information as well as with concrete, empirically tested communication tools they can use to enhance their climate change program. Starting with the basics of climate science and climate change public opinion, Armstrong, Krasny, and Schuldt synthesize research from environmental psychology and climate change communication, weaving in examples of environmental education applications throughout this practical book. Each chapter covers a separate topic, from how environmental psychology explains the complex ways in which people interact with climate change information to communication strategies with a focus on framing, metaphors, and messengers. This broad set of topics will aid educators in formulating program language for their classrooms at all levels. Communicating Climate Change uses fictional vignettes of climate change education programs and true stories from climate change educators working in the field to illustrate the possibilities of applying research to practice. Armstrong et al, ably demonstrate that environmental education is an important player in fostering positive climate change dialogue and subsequent climate change action. An open access version of this book is available through Cornell Open.


What We Know about Climate Change by Kerry Emanuel

What We Know about Climate Change
  • Title : What We Know about Climate Change
  • Author : Kerry Emanuel
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 0262535912
  • Pages : 88
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An updated edition of a guide to the basic science of climate change, and a call to action. The vast majority of scientists agree that human activity has significantly increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere—most dramatically since the 1970s. Yet global warming skeptics and ill-informed elected officials continue to dismiss this broad scientific consensus. In this updated edition of his authoritative book, MIT atmospheric scientist Kerry Emanuel outlines the basic science of global warming and how the current consensus has emerged. Although it is impossible to predict exactly when the most dramatic effects of global warming will be felt, he argues, we can be confident that we face real dangers. Emanuel warns that global warming will contribute to an increase in the intensity and power of hurricanes and flooding and more rapidly advancing deserts. But just as our actions have created the looming crisis, so too might they avert it. Emanuel calls for urgent action to reduce greenhouse gases and criticizes the media for downplaying the dangers of global warming (and, in search of “balance,” quoting extremists who deny its existence). This edition has been updated to include the latest climate data, a discussion of the earth's carbon cycle, the warming hiatus of the first decade of this century, the 2017 hurricanes, advanced energy options, the withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement, and more. It offers a new foreword by former U.S. Representative Bob Inglis (R-SC), who now works on climate action through his organization RepublicEN.


The Paris Agreement on Climate Change by Daniel Klein,Andrew Higham

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change
  • Title : The Paris Agreement on Climate Change
  • Author : Daniel Klein,Andrew Higham
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198789335
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The most important climate agreement in history, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change represents the commitment of the nations of the world to address and curb climate change. Signed in December 2015, it will come into force on the 4th November, and efforts toward fulfilling its ambitious goals are already under way. The Paris Climate Agreement: Commentary and Analysis combines a comprehensive legal appraisal and critique of the new Agreement with a practical and structured commentary to all its Articles. Part I discusses the general context for the Paris Agreement, detailing the scientific, political, and social drivers behind it, providing an overview of the pre-existing regime, and tracking the history of the negotiations. It examines the evolution of key concepts such as common but differentiated responsibilities, and analyses the legal form of the Agreement and the nature of its provisions. Part II comprises individual chapters on each Article of the Agreement, with detailed commentary of the provisions which highlights central aspects from the negotiating history and the legal nature of the obligations. It describes the institutional arrangements and considerations for national implementation, providing practical advice and prospects for future development. Part III reflects on the Paris Agreement as a whole: its strengths and weaknesses, its potential for further development, and its relationship with other areas of public international law and governance. The book is an invaluable resource for academics and practitioners, policy makers, and actors in the private sector and civil society, as they negotiate the implementation of the Agreement in domestic law and policy.


The Hartwell Approach to Climate Policy by Steve Rayner,Mark Caine

The Hartwell Approach to Climate Policy
  • Title : The Hartwell Approach to Climate Policy
  • Author : Steve Rayner,Mark Caine
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317961625
  • Pages : 322
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Hartwell Approach to Climate Policy presents a powerful critique of mainstream climate change policies and details a set of pragmatic alternatives based on the Hartwell Group’s collective writings from 1988-2010. Drawing on a rich history of heterodox but increasingly accepted views on climate change policy, this book brings together in a single volume a series of key, related texts that define the ‘Hartwell critique’ of conventional climate change policies and the ‘Hartwell approach’ to building more inclusive, pragmatic alternatives. This book tells of the story of how and why conventional climate policy has failed and, drawing from lessons learned, how it can be renovated. It does so by weaving together three strands of analysis. First, it highlights why the mainstream approach, as embodied by the Kyoto Protocol, has failed to produce real world reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and delayed real meaningful progress on climate change. Second, it explores the underlying political, economic, and technological factors which form the boundary conditions for climate change policy but which are often ignored by policy makers and advocates. Finally, it lays out a novel approach to climate change guided centrally by the goal of uplifting human dignity worldwide—and the recognition that this can only succeed if pursued pragmatically, economically, and with democratic legitimacy. With contributions from leading scholars in the field, this work presents a original critique of climate policy and a constructive primer for how to improve it.


Short Circuiting Policy by Leah Cardamore Stokes

Short Circuiting Policy
  • Title : Short Circuiting Policy
  • Author : Leah Cardamore Stokes
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190074256
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Short Circuiting Policy examines clean energy policies to understand why US states are not on track to meet the climate crisis. After two decades of leadership, American states are slipping in their commitment to transitioning away from dirty fossil fuels towards cleaner energy sources, including wind and solar. I argue that organized combat between advocate and opponent interest groups is central to explaining why US states have stopped expanding and even started weakening their renewable energy policies. Fossil fuel companies and electric utilities played a key role in spreading climate denial. Now, they have turned to climate delay, working to block clean energy policies from passing or being implemented, and driving retrenchment. Clean energy advocates typically lack sufficient power to overcome electric utilities' opposition to climate policy. Short Circuiting Policy builds on policy feedback theory, showing the conditions under which retrenchment is more likely. Depending on their relative political influence, interest groups will work to drive retrenchment either directly by working with legislators, their staff and regulators; or, indirectly through the parties, the public and the courts. I also argue that policies likely effects are not easy to predict-an effect I term "the fog of enactment." But overtime, federated interest groups can learn to anticipate policies' consequences through networks that cross states-lines. Examining US energy policy over the past century, and Texas, Kansas, Arizona and Ohio's clean energy laws over the past two decades, I show how opponents have thwarted progress on climate policy"--


Introduction to Three-Dimensional Climate Modeling by Warren M. Washington,Claire Parkinson

Introduction to Three-Dimensional Climate Modeling
  • Title : Introduction to Three-Dimensional Climate Modeling
  • Author : Warren M. Washington,Claire Parkinson
  • Publisher : University Science Books
  • ISBN Code : 9781891389351
  • Pages : 353
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book provides an introduction to the development of three-dimensional climate models, including their four major components: atmosphere, ocean, land/vegetation, and sea ice. The fundamental processes in each component and the interactions among them are explained using basic scientific principles, and elements of the numerical methods used in solving the model equations are also provided. The authors show how the theory and models grew historically and how well they are able to account for known aspects of the climate system. This book is written so that a reader who is only vaguely aware of climate models will be able to gain an understanding of what the models are attempting to simulate, how the models are constructed, what the models have succeeded in simulating, and how the models are being used. Examples illustrating the use of the models to simulate aspects of the current climate system are followed by examples illustrating the application of the models to important scientific areas such as understanding paleoclimates, the last millennium, the El Nino/Southern Oscillation, and the effects of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations on future climate change. The book is appropriate for scientists, graduate students, and upper-level undergraduates and can be used as a textbook or for self study and reference. The authors have considerably updated the book from the first edition by adding descriptions of many techniques and results developed since the mid-1980s.


Climate Change by Trevor M. Letcher

Climate Change
  • Title : Climate Change
  • Author : Trevor M. Letcher
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • ISBN Code : 9780080933030
  • Pages : 492
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The climate of the Earth is always changing. As the debate over the implications of changes in the Earth's climate has grown, the term climate change has come to refer primarily to changes we've seen over recent years and those which are predicted to be coming, mainly as a result of human behavior. This book serves as a broad, accessible guide to the science behind this often political and heated debate by providing scientific detail and evidence in language that is clear to both the non-specialist and the serious student. * provides all the scientific evidence for and possible causes of climate change in one book * written by expert scientists working in the field * logical, non-emotional conclusions * a source book for the latest findings on climate change


Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate
  • Title : Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309466806
  • Pages : 150
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The ocean is an integral component of the Earth's climate system. It covers about 70% of the Earth's surface and acts as its primary reservoir of heat and carbon, absorbing over 90% of the surplus heat and about 30% of the carbon dioxide associated with human activities, and receiving close to 100% of fresh water lost from land ice. With the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, notably carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion, the Earth's climate is now changing more rapidly than at any time since the advent of human societies. Society will increasingly face complex decisions about how to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change such as droughts, sea-level rise, ocean acidification, species loss, changes to growing seasons, and stronger and possibly more frequent storms. Observations play a foundational role in documenting the state and variability of components of the climate system and facilitating climate prediction and scenario development. Regular and consistent collection of ocean observations over decades to centuries would monitor the Earth's main reservoirs of heat, carbon dioxide, and water and provides a critical record of long-term change and variability over multiple time scales. Sustained high-quality observations are also needed to test and improve climate models, which provide insights into the future climate system. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate considers processes for identifying priority ocean observations that will improve understanding of the Earth's climate processes, and the challenges associated with sustaining these observations over long timeframes.


Microclimate and Local Climate by Roger Barry,Peter Blanken

Microclimate and Local Climate
  • Title : Microclimate and Local Climate
  • Author : Roger Barry,Peter Blanken
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1107145627
  • Pages : 379
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book provides an up-to-date, comprehensive treatment of microclimate and local climate. It describes and explains the climate within the lower atmosphere and upper soil, the region critical to life on Earth. It is invaluable for advanced students and researchers in climatology, environmental science, geography, meteorology, agricultural science, and forestry.