Communication Between Cultures Communication Communication

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Cross-Cultural Communication between Men and Women

Cross-Cultural Communication between Men and Women Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nadine Marik
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 363859114X
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Cross-Cultural Communication between Men and Women by Nadine Marik Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0 , The Australian National University (English Department - Australian National University), course: Cross Cultural Communication, 5 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In the recent history of linguistics, there have been various approaches to analyse women’s and men’s speech. It was the goal of these studies to find out if men and women speak differently. Their speech behaviour was analysed in respect to phonology, lexical choice and usage as well as interactions between men and women in discourse. Traditionally, sociolinguists have looked at gender in discourse in connection with ethnic background, age, level of education and socio-economic status. Many theories claim that differences in language result from the male tendency to dominate women, and have seen female speech behaviour as a deviation from male speech norms. Deborah Tannen, professor of linguistics at Georgetown University, has developed a different model. She claims that male-female communication is cross-cultural. Men and women may grow up in the same country, in the same society and culture, but they are members of different genders, different subcultures. Men and women talk differently: they apply different speech norms and have different expectations for their interlocutors. Misunderstandings between the sexes easily arise in discourse. In the following I will elaborate on the nature of the two different cultures, their origins, and give examples on how the gender-related cultural norms affect language. Although some of these speech-norms are apparent in western cultures, the main focus will be on Anglo-American culture. Deborah Tannen regards men and women as belonging to two different cultures. The juxtaposition of power on the male side and solidarity on the female side is the key difference between their communities. Other differences in attitudes and values are results of this contrast. Gender is not just biological sex. In linguistics, genderlect refers to an acquired form of speech behaviour that individuals learn from early on. Children learn how to behave from parents and, more importantly, from their peers. Interaction in same-sex groups of children can explain or hint at the psychological behaviour that members of each sex develop. In the male community, power and status are important values that every man will endeavour to attain and maintain. Men perceive life in hierarchies, and continuously struggle to show or defend their status in society. In communication, too, one is always one-up or onedown. Furthermore, men value independence, their language creates distance. The female world differs in attitudes and values.

Cross Cultural Communication. The Lewis Model and the Differences between Cultures

Cross Cultural Communication. The Lewis Model and the Differences between Cultures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: N.A
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3346089746
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Cross Cultural Communication. The Lewis Model and the Differences between Cultures by N.A Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject Communications - Intercultural Communication, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, language: English, abstract: The aim of this work is to explain the construct of cross-cultural communication using the Richard D. Lewis model and to analyze the differences between cultures. Intercultural communication is often associated with problems, misunderstandings and prejudices. In order to smooth communication and to understand the cultures of other countries there are countless models that try to condense cultural behaviour. While some researchers have looked at geographical divisions like north, south, east and west, others classified people by religion (Muslim, Christian, Hindu) or even by race (African, Indian, Arab). But how do you define the east? How do you classify a person that is African-Arab? Lewis seems to have found a solution to the problem by developing the culture type model in 1996. There are three types of cultures and each nation is analyzed and assigned in detail. Since it is represented as a triangle, hybrid types are also possible. The present work focuses on this model. A German who is constantly punctual, a Mexican who always interrupts one, or a Japanese who doesn't keep eye contact during the conversation. All these are examples of cultural behavior. While the Mexican can't understand why a German has to leave the meeting at four o'clock on the dot, the Japanese finds it impolite that the Mexican won't let anyone finish the sentence. One often only becomes aware of cultural characteristics and specialties when you move within another culture. These kinds of cross-cultural relations only exist as a result of globalization, the internationalization of markets and new communication technologies. Today, almost everyone is able to communicate and collaborate with people from all over the world. These developments show that intercultural communication and competence is becoming an increasingly important topic. Hardly any large company operates only in its own country. If one wants to make profit, one has to offer one’s products not only in one’s home country, but all over the world. It is essential to know the cultural values and behaviors of other nations to be successful in other markets. Also, political and economic associations like the EU or NAFTA support international collaboration and it is seen as essential and desirable.

Handbook of Intercultural Communication

Handbook of Intercultural Communication Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Helga Kotthoff,Helen Spencer-Oatey
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110198584
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Handbook of Intercultural Communication by Helga Kotthoff,Helen Spencer-Oatey Summary

In today’s globalized world of international contact and multicultural interaction, effective intercultural communication is increasingly seen as a pre-requisite for social harmony and organisational success. This handbook takes a ?problem-solving? approach to the various issues that arise in real-life intercultural interaction. The editors have brought together experts from a range of disciplines, including linguistics, psychology and anthropology, to provide a multidisciplinary perspective on the field, whilst simultaneously anchoring it in Applied Linguistics. Key features: provides a state-of-the-art description of different areas in the context of intercultural communication presents a critical appraisal of the relevance of the field offers solutions of everyday language-related problems international handbook with contributions from renown experts in the field

Communicating Across Cultures at Work

Communicating Across Cultures at Work Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Oliver Guirdham
Editor: Palgrave
ISBN: 1137526378
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Communicating Across Cultures at Work by Oliver Guirdham Summary

This new edition examines intercultural communication in the workplace. Firmly grounded in theory, it offers practical suggestions on how people can develop cultural awareness and communication skills. Fully updated with the latest research, this makes an ideal core text.

Intercultural Communication and Public Policy

Intercultural Communication and Public Policy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Iheanacho, Ngozi
Editor: M & J Grand Orbit Communications
ISBN: 978541647X
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Intercultural Communication and Public Policy by Iheanacho, Ngozi Summary

As there are different races and people in the world, so there are different cultures - meaning that cultural diversity is inevitable. Through human contact and association cultures meet. In such meetings every individual and culture projects itself as worthy, and should be held in high esteem. In today's world it is not encouraging to be ethnocentric - always taking action or in actions that crystallize and project a feeling of one's own culture or racial superiority. Such attitude obstructs meaningful interaction, human relations, tolerance and co-operation. Conversely, the skill and ability to tolerate and communicate effectively with people from diverse cultures is a social activity which begins from thought to behaviour, in both spoken and non-spoken versions. The book contains 19 essays, structured into five parts.

Communication Across Cultures

Communication Across Cultures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Elizabeth Christopher
Editor: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137010975
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Communication Across Cultures by Elizabeth Christopher Summary

A new textbook exploring communication in international management. Provides a comprehensive overview of the field, summarising the key theoretical perspectives and introducing students to the multi-cultural 'big picture' in which global business operates. Experts provide a wealth of cases and other learning and teaching resources.

Communication across Cultures

Communication across Cultures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Heather Bowe,Kylie Martin,Howard Manns
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316216918
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Communication across Cultures by Heather Bowe,Kylie Martin,Howard Manns Summary

Communication across Cultures explores how cultural context affects the use and (mis)interpretation of language. It provides an accessible and interdisciplinary introduction to language and language variation in intercultural communication by drawing on both classic and cutting-edge research from pragmatics, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology and politeness studies. This new edition has been comprehensively updated to incorporate recent research, with an emphasis on the fluid and emergent practice of intercultural communication. It provides increased coverage of variation in language within and between cultures, drawing on real-world examples of spoken and written communication. The authors review classic concepts like 'face', 'politeness' and 'speech acts', but also critique these concepts and introduce more recent approaches. Each chapter provides a set of suggested readings, questions and exercises to enable the student to work through concepts and consolidate their understanding of intercultural communication. This is an excellent resource for students of linguistics and related disciplines.

Barriers to Cross Cultural Communication

Barriers to Cross Cultural Communication Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kathrin Kutz
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656112037
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Barriers to Cross Cultural Communication by Kathrin Kutz Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,3, University of Applied Sciences Südwestfalen; Hagen, language: English, abstract: Nowadays we talk and hear about the big topics like “Globalisation”, “Internationalisation of markets” and “New Technologies for Communication”. In our today’s world boundaries be-tween states as well as big distances between particular states do not play a big role anymore. Nearly everyone is able to get in connection with everyone he likes to; not matter what coun-try he lives in, what time it is or with whom he likes to talk. This development leads to the arising importance of “Cross Cultural Communication”. Think-ing about business for example most of all existing companies operate all around the world by now. If a salesman from England wants to make profit, he will have to offer his products not only in his home country; he also will have to offer them in Japan and Germany. So for doing his job he has to communicate across cultures. It is the same in many other branches, like pol-itics or movie makers for instance. It is an evident aspect that communicating across cultures is associated with problems and barriers to communication. The first big problem getting in mind is the language itself, because two communication partners must own one language which both of them are able to speak.

A Paradigm for Business Communication across Cultures: Theoretical Highlights for Practice

A Paradigm for Business Communication across Cultures: Theoretical Highlights for Practice Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dr. Yongqiang LIU 刘永强
Editor: 清華大學出版社
ISBN: 7302422591
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A Paradigm for Business Communication across Cultures: Theoretical Highlights for Practice by Dr. Yongqiang LIU 刘永强 Summary

Today’s global citizens operate business and management endeavors on a global scale. Globalization generates an increasing demand for effective communication in diverse cultural contexts and challenges the relevance of culture in operating businesses in the global village. Communication differences are apparent in many scenarios. Expatriates of international organizations operating abroad adopt their native cultural values to motivate employees of foreign cultures with an entirely different perspective. They use one culture’s motives to move people from other cultures. In global marketing communication, the communicators use values systems of their native culture to develop advertising for other cultures. They use categorizations of one culture to describe others. Such divergence in attitudes, perspectives and priorities of suppliers, and customers with different cultural backgrounds have led to many project failures in international organizations. An in-depth understanding of cultural backgrounds and the potential impact on communication of the people one is interacting with can increase the probability of business success among investors, managers, entrepreneurs and employees operating in diverse cultures. However, effective cross cultural business communication needs to recognize and adopt an interdisciplinary perspective in understanding the cultural forces (Leung, K. et al., 2005). Therefore, we need a multidisciplinary paradigm to carry on effective and successful business communication in our contemporary global village. 本书构建有效的跨文化商务沟通理论模型,讨论企业商务战略、宏观社会文化、组织文化在构建企业沟通战略中的作用与影响,研究语言与文化在信息编码与解码过程中的作用,以及沟通中的有效语言策略和模糊语言策略。同时,本书结合理论模型,提出了有效的跨文化营销沟通战略、广告沟通战略和谈判沟通战略,并提供了提高沟通效率与效果的技能和方法。

Intercultural Communication

Intercultural Communication Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ling Chen
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1501500066
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Intercultural Communication by Ling Chen Summary

This handbook takes a multi-disciplinary approach to offer a current state-of-art survey of intercultural communication (IC) studies. The chapters aim for conceptual comprehension, theoretical clarity and empirical understanding with good practical implications. Attention is mostly on face to face communication and networked communication facilitated by digital technologies, much less on technically reproduced mass communication. Contributions cover both cross cultural communication (implicit or explicit comparative works on communication practices across cultures) and intercultural communication (works on communication involving parties of diverse cultural backgrounds). Topics include generally histories of IC research, theoretical perspectives, non-western theories, and cultural communication; specifically communication styles, emotions, interpersonal relationships, ethnocentrism, stereotypes, cultural learning, cross cultural adaptation, and cross border messages;and particular context of conflicts, social change, aging, business, health, and new media. Although the book is prepared for graduate students and academicians, intercultural communication practitioners will also find something useful here.

High- and Low-Context Communication in an Intercultural Environment

High- and Low-Context Communication in an Intercultural Environment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anna Rüttger
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668652333
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High- and Low-Context Communication in an Intercultural Environment by Anna Rüttger Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Communications - Intercultural Communication, grade: 1,0, University of Applied Sciences Essen, course: Interkulturelle Psychologie, language: English, abstract: This paper will deal with different communication styles which may vary between cultures. As communication is a very broad topic, the focus will be on the theoretical framework of Edward Hall differentiating between high-context and lowcontext communication. The objective is to compare German and Chinese culture and their way of communicating for the purpose of identifying similarities and differences, but also to clarify the impact of cultural differences and afterwards be able to superiorly deal with cultural differences in communication. This gives rise to the following research questions: How does communication between German and Chinese culture differ and what problems could arise as a consequence? What should be considered to successfully communicate with people of other cultures?

Communicating Across Cultures, Second Edition

Communicating Across Cultures, Second Edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stella Ting-Toomey,Tenzin Dorjee
Editor: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462536522
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Communicating Across Cultures, Second Edition by Stella Ting-Toomey,Tenzin Dorjee Summary

This highly regarded text--now revised and expanded with 50% new material--helps students and professionals build their knowledge and competencies for effective intercultural communication in any setting. The authors' comprehensive, updated theoretical framework (integrative identity negotiation theory) reveals how both verbal and nonverbal communication are affected by multilayered facets of identity. Written in a candid, conversational style, the book is rich with engaging examples illustrating cultural conflicts and misunderstandings that arise in workplace, educational, interpersonal, and community contexts. Readers learn how to transform polarized conversations into successful intercultural engagements by combining knowledge about culture with mindful listening and communication skills. New to This Edition *Extensively revised to reflect the ongoing development of integrative identity negotiation theory, nearly 20 years of research advances, the growing diversity of the United States, and global trends. *Chapter providing a mindfulness lens on intercultural and intergroup communication competence. *Chapter on culture shock in sojourners (international students, global businesspeople, and others). *Chapter on immigrants' acculturation processes. *Lively chapter-opening case examples, including compelling personal stories. *End-of-chapter summaries, "Mindful Guidelines" to put into practice, and critical thinking questions. *New and expanded discussions of hot topics: cross-cultural workplaces, community building, peace building, romantic relationships, prejudice and discrimination, microaggressions, and ethical issues.

Among Cultures

Among Cultures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bradford J. Hall,Patricia O. Covarrubias,Kristin A. Kirschbaum
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317219155
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Among Cultures by Bradford J. Hall,Patricia O. Covarrubias,Kristin A. Kirschbaum Summary

Among Cultures: The Challenge of Communication, Third Edition explores intercultural communication and the relationship between communication and culture, using narrative as a common and compelling thread for studying intercultural interactions. Anchored in the position that people make sense of their worlds through choosing and telling narratives to themselves and others, this text is replete with narratives and stories. Chapters address key aspects of intercultural communication, including verbal and nonverbal communication; stereotypes and bias; identity; conflict; diversity; and ethics. Using an interpretive approach to intercultural communication, the text helps students understand that although a person may appear different, his/her common sense is quite reasonable within a particular interpretive context. Resources are included to help students understand and explain the reasonableness of other cultural systems. The text includes activities for students to complete while reading, including self-assessments and nonverbal self-knowledge tests. Reflection questions within and at the end of each chapter promote thinking and discussion on each topic. With its unique approach to studying intercultural communication via real-life narratives, this text facilitates a deep understanding of the cultural aspects of communication. In providing the narratives of others, it encourages students to tell their own stories and build a strong foundation for communicating across cultures. New to the Third Edition: New chapter—"What Role Does Culture Play in Contemporary Contexts?"—explores intercultural communication as it relates to the environment, health, and technology. New sections on identity, silence, and terms of address as important communicative practices in intercultural settings. Updated sections on honorifics, key terms, social dramas and the golden approaches to ethics.

Communicating Across Cultures

Communicating Across Cultures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Don Prince,Michael Hoppe
Editor: Center for Creative Leadership
ISBN: 1604916737
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Communicating Across Cultures by Don Prince,Michael Hoppe Summary

If you are a manager anywhere in the world, you are almost certainly dealing with people of nationalities and cultures different from your own. This guidebook will help you become aware of cultural differences and show you how to adapt your communication style to enhance your managerial effectiveness.

Metaphor and Intercultural Communication

Metaphor and Intercultural Communication Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andreas Musolff,Fiona MacArthur,Giulio Pagani
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472570472
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Metaphor and Intercultural Communication by Andreas Musolff,Fiona MacArthur,Giulio Pagani Summary

Metaphor and Intercultural Communication examines in detail the dynamics of metaphor in interlingual contact, translation and globalization processes. Its case-studies, which combine methods of cognitive metaphor theory with those of corpus-based and discourse-oriented research, cover contact linguistic and cultural contacts between Chinese, English including Translational English and Aboriginal English, Greek, Kabyle, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, and Spanish. Part I introduces readers to practical and methodological problems of the intercultural transfer of metaphor through empirical (corpus-based and experimental) studies of translators' experiences and strategies in dealing with figurative language in a variety of contexts. Part II explores the universality-relativity dimension of cross- and intercultural metaphor on the basis of empirical data from various European and non-European cultures. Part III investigates the socio-economic and political consequences of figurative language use through case studies of communication between aboriginal and mainstream cultures, in the media, in political discourse and gender-related discourses. Special attention is paid to cases of miscommunication and of deliberate re- and counter-conceptualisation of clichés from one culture into another. The results open new perspectives on some of the basic assumptions of the 'classic' cognitive paradigm, e.g. regarding metaphor understanding, linguistic relativity and concept-construction.

Intercultural Rhetoric and Professional Communication: Technological Advances and Organizational Behavior

Intercultural Rhetoric and Professional Communication: Technological Advances and Organizational Behavior Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thatcher, Barry
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1613504519
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Intercultural Rhetoric and Professional Communication: Technological Advances and Organizational Behavior by Thatcher, Barry Summary

"This book explores the theory and practice of rhetoric and professional communication in intercultural contexts, providing a framework for translating, localizing, and internationalizing communications and information products around the world"--Provided by publisher.

Cross-Cultural Business Communication

Cross-Cultural Business Communication Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sven Rosenhauer
ISBN: 3836623137
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Cross-Cultural Business Communication by Sven Rosenhauer Summary

Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: The transfer of business activities across nations is growing at a rapid rate. The emergence of market economies in Latin America and Asia, the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and the emerging democracy in Africa have led, among other things, not only to increased global trade, international, multinational and transnational business, but also to an increased demand for international workforce since firms must employ people who possess international business skills in order to remain competitive in the global marketplace. How often does it happen that we meet someone doing business in the United States after representing his/her company in Asia, Middle East or Europe? How often do we meet someone obtaining an international degree abroad before doing business in China, France or Scandinavia? How often do companies require international experiences, mobility, and flexibility? The soft skills of intercultural competence and open-mindedness to cultural diversity are taught by universities around the world. But what happens with our own cultural identity while doing business worldwide? What happens if we conduct business in Japan but with an Italian colleague who lived in São Paulo for many years? Are we just applying intercultural competence or are we developing a universal business culture - apart from our own national culture? How does an international workforce communicate; is it adapting the communication style of the host-country, of a majority culture; or is it developing a communication style which is unique in international business? Are we speaking the same language at the end? Is the understanding of cultural diversity becoming less substantial and more implicit? If companies and organizations require the indispensable and vague defined soft skills of intercultural competence, could these skills be seen as an approach towards a universal business culture, likewise a universal business communication? Purpose of the Present Thesis: The purpose of the present thesis is to examine if and to which extent cultures converge in an international business environment and if intercultural competence has a bearing on it. Therefore, theoretical and practical insights in the subject of culture, its implicit and explicit differences, as well as its measurements will be provided. Due to the fact that communication - as a major cultural attribute - is the most obvious level on which cultural [...]

Inter/Cultural Communication

Inter/Cultural Communication Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anastacia Kurylo
Editor: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544304110
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Inter/Cultural Communication by Anastacia Kurylo Summary

Today, students are more familiar with other cultures than ever before because of the media, Internet, local diversity, and their own travels abroad. Using a social constructionist framework, Inter/Cultural Communication provides today's students with a rich understanding of how culture and communication affect and effect each other. Weaving multiple approaches together to provide a comprehensive understanding of and appreciation for the diversity of cultural and intercultural communication, this text helps students become more aware of their own identities and how powerful their identities can be in facilitating change—both in their own lives and in the lives of others.

Communicating Cultures

Communicating Cultures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ullrich Kockel
Editor: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783825866433
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Communicating Cultures by Ullrich Kockel Summary

Communicating Cultures explores contemporary and historical issues. The title may be read in various ways, including cultures as communicative systems; cultures communicating with one another; or, communication about cultures. The contributors to this volume represent different fields within or related to European ethnology, such as anthropology, geography, folklore, linguistics, or area studies. ** "The editors have assembled a rich collection of papers. The questions that they address - migration and diasporas; the invention of traditions; education and language; media and representation - are at the very heart of today's agenda in cultural analysis." - from the Foreword

Introducing Intercultural Communication

Introducing Intercultural Communication Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shuang Liu,Zala Volcic,Cindy Gallois
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1473909112
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Introducing Intercultural Communication by Shuang Liu,Zala Volcic,Cindy Gallois Summary

Introducing Intercultural Communication uses examples and case studies from around the world to situate communication theory in a truly global perspective. Covering the essentials from international conflict to migration and social networking, this book shows students how to master the skills and concepts at work in how we communicate and understand each other across cultural boundaries. Each chapter brings to life the links between theory and practice, and between the global and local, showing you how to understand the influence of your culture on how you view yourself and others. In this book: Theory boxes show you how to use key ideas in work contexts. Case studies from European, Chinese, Australian and American contexts give you a truly global perspective. Critical questions help you to challenge yourself. A full chapter gives practical tips on how to become an effective intercultural communicator. Annotated lists of further reading and free access to online SAGE journal articles assist you in your research. A companion website ( provides you with exercise questions, as well as extended reading lists. This book will guide you to success in your studies and will teach you to become a more critical consumer of information.