Concepts Of Morphology

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Aspects of the Theory of Morphology

Aspects of the Theory of Morphology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110199866
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Aspects of the Theory of Morphology by , Summary

The book is dedicated to linguistic morphology and it contains a sketch of a complete morphological theory, centered around a discussion of fundamental concepts such as morph vs. morpheme, inflectional category, voice, grammatical case, agreement vs. government, suppletion, relationships between linguistic signs, etc.: the hottest issues in modern linguistics! The book introduces rigorous and clear concepts necessary to describe morphological phenomena of natural languages. Among other things, it offers logical calculi of possible grammemes in a given category. The presentation is developed in a typological perspective, so that linguistic data from a large variety of languages are described and analyzed (about 100 typologically very different languages). The main method is deductive: the concepts proposed in Aspects of the Theory of Morphology are based on a small set of indefinibilia and each concept is defined in terms of these indefinibilia and/or other concepts defined previously; as a result, logical calculi can be constructed (similar to Mendeleev's Periodical Table of Elements in chemistry). Then the concept is applied to the actual linguistic data to demonstrate its validity and advantages. Thus, Aspects of the Theory of Morphology combines metalinguistic endeavor (a system of concepts for morphology) with typological and descriptive orientation. It reaches out to all students of language, including the border fields and applications.

Understanding Morphology

Understanding Morphology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Haspelmath,Andrea Sims
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134645961
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Understanding Morphology by Martin Haspelmath,Andrea Sims Summary

This new edition of Understanding Morphology has been fully revised in line with the latest research. It now includes 'big picture' questions to highlight central themes in morphology, as well as research exercises for each chapter. Understanding Morphology presents an introduction to the study of word structure that starts at the very beginning. Assuming no knowledge of the field of morphology on the part of the reader, the book presents a broad range of morphological phenomena from a wide variety of languages. Starting with the core areas of inflection and derivation, the book presents the interfaces between morphology and syntax and between morphology and phonology. The synchronic study of word structure is covered, as are the phenomena of diachronic change, such as analogy and grammaticalization. Theories are presented clearly in accessible language with the main purpose of shedding light on the data, rather than as a goal in themselves. The authors consistently draw on the best research available, thus utilizing and discussing both functionalist and generative theoretical approaches. Each chapter includes a summary, suggestions for further reading, and exercises. As such this is the ideal book for both beginning students of linguistics, or anyone in a related discipline looking for a first introduction to morphology.


Morphology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Antonio Fࡲegas
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748656286
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Morphology by Antonio Fࡲegas Summary

Tackling theoretical approaches including Construction Grammar and the Minimalist Program, this volume focuses on processes and phenomena. Each chapter covers the main concepts through example data, before discussing the pros and cons of the approach. Topics covered include: units, inflection, derivation, compounding, the Lexical Integrity Hypothesis and the interfaces of morphology with phonology and semantics. Taking your understanding of the form and meaning of words to the next level, this book is ideal for linguistics students interested in learning more about morphology.Key Features* Discusses variety of theories* Exercises and further reading in each chapter


Morphology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Francis Katamba
Editor: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137111313
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Morphology by Francis Katamba Summary

Constructional Morphology and Evolution

Constructional Morphology and Evolution Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Norbert Schmidt-Kittler,Klaus Vogel
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642761569
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Constructional Morphology and Evolution by Norbert Schmidt-Kittler,Klaus Vogel Summary

Constructional morphology explains features of organisms from a constructional and functional point of view. By means of physical analysis it explains the operational aspects of organic structures - how they can perform the activities organisms are expected to fulfil in order to survive in their environment. Constructional morphology also explains options and constraints during the evolution determined by internal constructional needs, ontogenetic demands, inherited organizational preconditions and environmental clues.

J.W.R. Whitehand and the Historico-geographical Approach to Urban Morphology

J.W.R. Whitehand and the Historico-geographical Approach to Urban Morphology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vítor Oliveira
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030006204
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J.W.R. Whitehand and the Historico-geographical Approach to Urban Morphology by Vítor Oliveira Summary

Over recent decades, the historico-geographical approach to urban morphology has been prominent in the debate on the physical form of our cities and on the agents and processes shaping that form over time. With origins in the work of the geographer M.R.G. Conzen, this approach has been systematically developed by researchers in different parts of the world since the 1960s. This book argues that J.W.R. Whitehand structured an innovative and comprehensive school of urban morphological thought grounded in the invaluable basis provided by Conzen. It identifies the development of several dimensions of the concepts of “fringe belt” and “morphological region” and the systematic exploration of the themes of “agents of change,” “comparative studies” and “research and practice” as key contributions by Whitehand to this school of thought. The book presents contributions from leading international experts in the field addressing these major issues.

Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Signal and Image Processing

Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Signal and Image Processing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jón Atli Benediktsson,Jocelyn Chanussot,Laurent Najman,Hugues Talbot
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319187201
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Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Signal and Image Processing by Jón Atli Benediktsson,Jocelyn Chanussot,Laurent Najman,Hugues Talbot Summary

This book contains the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Mathematical Morphology, ISMM 2015 held in Reykjavik, Iceland, in May 2015. The 62 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 72 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on evaluations and applications; hierarchies; color, multivalued and orientation fields; optimization, differential calculus and probabilities; topology and discrete geometry; and algorithms and implementation.

Exploring the Role of Morphology in the Evolution of Spanish

Exploring the Role of Morphology in the Evolution of Spanish Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joel Rini
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027299668
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Exploring the Role of Morphology in the Evolution of Spanish by Joel Rini Summary

After a brief survey of the perception of morphological change in the standard works of the Hispanic tradition in the 20th century, the author first attempts to refine concepts such as analogy, leveling, blending, contamination, etc. as they have been applied to Spanish. He then revisits difficult problems of Spanish historical grammar and explores the extent to which various types of morphological processes may have operated in a given change. Selected problems are examined in light of abundant textual evidence. Some include: the resistance to change of Sp. dormir ‘to sleep’, morir ‘to die’, the vocalic sequence /ee/, the reduction of the OSp. verbal suffixes -ades, -edes, -ides, -odes, and the uncertain origin of Sp. eres ‘you are’. Important notions such as the directionality of leveling, phonological vs. morphological change in the nominal and verbal paradigms, the morphological spread of sound change, and the role of morphological factors in apparent syntactic change are discussed.

Murrinhpatha Morphology and Phonology

Murrinhpatha Morphology and Phonology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Mansfield
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1501503103
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Murrinhpatha Morphology and Phonology by John Mansfield Summary

Murrinhpatha is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken in a region of tropical savannah and tidal inlets on the north coast of the continent. Some 3000 speakers live mostly in the towns of Wadeye and Nganmarriyanga, though they maintain close ties to their traditional lands, totems and spirit ancestors. Murrinhpatha word structure is highly complex, and quite distinct from the better-known Pama-Nyungan languages of central and southern Australia. Murrinhpatha is characterised by prolific compounding, clitic clusters, cumulative inflection, irregular allomorphy and phonological assimilation. This book provides a comprehensive account of these phenomena, giving particular attention to questions of morphological constituency, lexical storage, and whether there is really such thing as a ‘word’ unit.

Morphological Theory and the Morphology of English

Morphological Theory and the Morphology of English Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jan Don
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748678387
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Morphological Theory and the Morphology of English by Jan Don Summary

In presenting the morphology of English in relation to theoretical developments that have shaped the field over the last couple of decades, this textbook gives a reasoned overview of the morphology of English.

Yearbook of Morphology 1991

Yearbook of Morphology 1991 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: G.E. Booij,Jaap van Marle
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401125163
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Yearbook of Morphology 1991 by G.E. Booij,Jaap van Marle Summary

MARK ARONOFF The articles included in this section represent recent research on morpholog ical classes which has been independently performed by a number of investi gators. This work was presented at a symposium that was organized as part of the 1990-1991 annual meeting of the Linguistic Society of America in Chicago in January 1991. Our aim in presenting this work is twofold: on the one hand, we would like to encourage others interested in morphology to pursue the types of research that we present. This is especially important in the study of morphological classes, which, while they are widespread among the languages of the world, are also highly diverse and often quite complex. On the other hand, we hope to convince researchers in adjacent areas to provide a place for autonomous morphology in their general picture of the workings of language and to pay closer attention to the intricacies of the interactionbetweenmorphologyand theseareas.

Lexeme-Morpheme Base Morphology

Lexeme-Morpheme Base Morphology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert Beard
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791496066
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Lexeme-Morpheme Base Morphology by Robert Beard Summary

This is the first complete theory of the morphology of language, a compendium of information on morphological categories and operations.

Patterns and Processes in the History of Life

Patterns and Processes in the History of Life Pdf/ePub eBook Author: D.M. Raup,D. Jablonski
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642708315
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Patterns and Processes in the History of Life by D.M. Raup,D. Jablonski Summary

Hypothesis testing is not a straightforward matter in the fossil record and here, too interactions with biology can be extremely profitable. Quite simply, predictions regarding long-term consequences of processes observed in liv ing organisms can be tested directly using paleontological data if those liv ing organisms have an adequate fossil record, thus avoiding the pitfalls of extrapolative approaches. We hope to see a burgeoning of this interactive effort in the coming years. Framing and testing of hypotheses in paleon tological subjects inevitably raises the problem of inferring process from pattern, and the consideration and elimination of a broad range of rival hy is an essential procedure here. In a historical science such as potheses paleontology, the problem often arises that the events that are of most in terest are unique in the history of life. For example, replication of the metazoan radiation at the beginning of the Cambrian is not feasible. How ever, decomposition of such problems into component hypotheses may at least in part alleviate this difficulty. For example, hypotheses built upon the role of species packing might be tested by comparing evolutionary dy namics (both morphological and taxonomic) during another global diversi fication, such as the biotic rebound from the end-Permian extinction, which removed perhaps 95% of the marine species (see Valentine, this volume). The subject of extinction, and mass extinction in particular, has become important in both paleobiology and biology.

Morphology and Meaning

Morphology and Meaning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Franz Rainer,Francesco Gardani,Hans Christian Luschützky,Wolfgang U. Dressler
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270937
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Morphology and Meaning by Franz Rainer,Francesco Gardani,Hans Christian Luschützky,Wolfgang U. Dressler Summary

The problem of form and meaning in morphology has produced an impressive amount of scholarly work over the last hundred years. Nevertheless, many issues continue to be in need of clarification. The present volume assembles 18 selected papers from the 15th International Morphology Meeting (Vienna, 9–12 February 2012) relating to this vast field of research. The introduction provides a detailed overview of the state of the art in the field. It is followed by three articles derived from the plenaries that are dedicated to fundamental issues such as the relationship between morphological meaning and concepts, between word formation and meaning change, as well as indirect coding. The section papers tackle a wide array of issues, including affixal polysemy, pathways of grammaticalization, the processing of compounds, mismatches between form and meaning, synonymy avoidance, or the semantics of specific patterns of noun incorporation, compounding, reduplication and mimetic verbs.

What is Morphology?

What is Morphology? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark Aronoff,Kirsten Fudeman
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444351761
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What is Morphology? by Mark Aronoff,Kirsten Fudeman Summary

What is Morphology? is a concise and critical introduction to the central ideas of morphology, which has been revised and expanded to include additional material on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, experimental and computational methods, and new teaching material. Introduces the fundamental aspects of morphology to students with minimal background in linguistics Includes additional material on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, and experimental and computational methods Features new and revised exercises as well as suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter Equips students with the skills to analyze a wide breadth of classic morphological issues through engaging examples Uses cross-linguistic data throughout to illustrate concepts, specifically referencing Kujamaat Joola, a Senegalese language Includes a new answer key, available for instructors online at

The Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory

The Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jenny Audring,Francesca Masini
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019164630X
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The Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory by Jenny Audring,Francesca Masini Summary

This volume is the first handbook devoted entirely to the multitude of frameworks adopted in the field of morphology, including Minimalism, Optimality Theory, Network Morphology, Cognitive Grammar, and Canonical Typology. Following an introduction from the editors, the first part of the volume offers critical discussions of the main theoretical issues within morphology, both in word formation and in inflection, as well as providing a short history of morphological theory. In the core part of the handbook, part II, each theory is introduced by an expert in the field, who guides the reader through its principles and technicalities, its advantages and disadvantages, and its points of agreement and disagreement with alternative theories. Chapters in part III explore the bigger picture, connecting morphological theory to other subdisciplines of linguistics, such as diachronic change, language acquisition, psycholinguistics, and sign language theory. The handbook is intended as a guide for morphologists from all theoretical backgrounds who want to learn more about frameworks other than their own, as well as for linguists in related subfields looking for theoretical connections with the field of morphology.

Dutch Contributions to the Twelfth International Congress of Slavists, Cracow, August 26-September 3, 1998, Linguistics

Dutch Contributions to the Twelfth International Congress of Slavists, Cracow, August 26-September 3, 1998, Linguistics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A. A. Barentsen
Editor: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042007024
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Dutch Contributions to the Twelfth International Congress of Slavists, Cracow, August 26-September 3, 1998, Linguistics by A. A. Barentsen Summary

From the contents: L'aspect du verbe et la genese de la nomenclature grammaticale russe (Andries Breunis). - Die phonologische Entwicklung des Schleifer Dialekts im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (Helene Brijnen). - The language of Russkaja Pravda in the Novgorod Kormcaja of 1282 (Claire Gelderman). - The use of the long and short adjectival forms in contemporary standard Russian (B.M. Groen).

Applying Linguistics in the Classroom

Applying Linguistics in the Classroom Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Aria Razfar,Joseph C. Rumenapp
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136212043
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Applying Linguistics in the Classroom by Aria Razfar,Joseph C. Rumenapp Summary

Making linguistics accessible and relevant to all teachers, this text looks at language issues in the classroom through an applied sociocultural perspective focused on how language functions in society and in schools—how it is used, for what purposes, and how teachers can understand their students’ language practices. While touching on the key structural aspects of language (phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax), it does not simply give an overview, but rather provides a way to study and talk about language. Each chapter includes practical steps and suggests tools for applying different kinds of linguistic knowledge in classrooms. The activities and exercises are adaptable to elementary or high school settings. Many examples focus on the intersection of math, science, and language. Teacher case studies show how real teachers have used these concepts to inform teaching practices. Given the increasing use of multimedia resources in today’s schools, multiple mediums are integrated to engage educators in learning about language. The Companion Website provides a multitude of relevant resources that illustrate the diversity of language functions and debates about language in society.

The Morphology of Tourism

The Morphology of Tourism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Philip Feifan Xie,Kai Gu
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317023706
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The Morphology of Tourism by Philip Feifan Xie,Kai Gu Summary

Morphological research studies the physical form of landscapes, including how landscape structures function and operate, the adaptability of forms, and how functions and forms change over time. Applying the methods and models of morphology to tourism, this innovative book explores some of the complex relationships between tourism and morphological changes in urban and rural destinations across the globe. Tourism-related impacts on the physical environment and sociocultural values surrounding a given destination reflect the need for both theoretical and empirical approaches to strengthen our understanding of the ways in which tourism functions. This study examines key sectors and locations such as coastal tourism, urban tourism, and waterfront redevelopment, which are increasingly important in terms of their influence on sociocultural and morphological transformation. It advocates that awareness of the critical link between temporospatial impacts and morphological progresses is necessary to accommodate changes within a pattern of evolutionary growth. International in scope, employing case studies from Asia, Australasia, the US, and Europe, this book makes a newcontribution to the literature and will be of interest to students and researchers of tourism planning, urban design, geography, environmental studies and landscape architecture.

Handbook of Computer Vision Algorithms in Image Algebra

Handbook of Computer Vision Algorithms in Image Algebra Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joseph N. Wilson,Gerhard X. Ritter
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420042386
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Handbook of Computer Vision Algorithms in Image Algebra by Joseph N. Wilson,Gerhard X. Ritter Summary

Image algebra is a comprehensive, unifying theory of image transformations, image analysis, and image understanding. In 1996, the bestselling first edition of the Handbook of Computer Vision Algorithms in Image Algebra introduced engineers, scientists, and students to this powerful tool, its basic concepts, and its use in the concise representation of computer vision algorithms. Updated to reflect recent developments and advances, the second edition continues to provide an outstanding introduction to image algebra. It describes more than 80 fundamental computer vision techniques and introduces the portable iaC++ library, which supports image algebra programming in the C++ language. Revisions to the first edition include a new chapter on geometric manipulation and spatial transformation, several additional algorithms, and the addition of exercises to each chapter. The authors-both instrumental in the groundbreaking development of image algebra-introduce each technique with a brief discussion of its purpose and methodology, then provide its precise mathematical formulation. In addition to furnishing the simple yet powerful utility of image algebra, the Handbook of Computer Vision Algorithms in Image Algebra supplies the core of knowledge all computer vision practitioners need. It offers a more practical, less esoteric presentation than those found in research publications that will soon earn it a prime location on your reference shelf.