Concise Introduction To Logic

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A Concise Introduction to Mathematical Logic

A Concise Introduction to Mathematical Logic Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Wolfgang Rautenberg
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9781441912213
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A Concise Introduction to Mathematical Logic by Wolfgang Rautenberg Summary

Mathematical logic developed into a broad discipline with many applications in mathematics, informatics, linguistics and philosophy. This text introduces the fundamentals of this field, and this new edition has been thoroughly expanded and revised.

Introduction to Logic

Introduction to Logic Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harry J Gensler
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317436113
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Introduction to Logic by Harry J Gensler Summary

Introduction to Logic is clear and concise, uses interesting examples (many philosophical in nature), and has easy-to-use proof methods. Its key features, retained in this Third Edition, include: simpler ways to test arguments, including an innovative proof method and the star test for syllogisms; a wide scope of materials, suiting it for introductory or intermediate courses; engaging examples, from philosophy and everyday life; useful for self-study and preparation for standardized tests, like the LSAT; a reasonable price (a third the cost of some competitors); and exercises that correspond to the free LogiCola instructional program. This Third Edition: improves explanations, especially on areas that students find difficult; has a fuller explanation of traditional Copi proofs and of truth trees; and updates the companion LogiCola software, which now is touch friendly (for use on Windows tablets and touch monitors), installs more easily on Windows and Macintosh, and adds exercises on Copi proofs and on truth trees. You can still install LogiCola for free (from http://www.harryhiker.com/lc or http://www.routledge.com/cw/gensler).

An Introduction to Logic

An Introduction to Logic Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Mitchell
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 100073661X
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An Introduction to Logic by David Mitchell Summary

Originally published in 1967. The common aim of all logical enquiry is to discover and analyse correctly the forms of valid argument. In this book concise expositions of traditional, Aristotelian logic and of modern systems of propositional and predicative logic show how far that aim has been achieved.

Introduction to Logic

Introduction to Logic Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Irving M. Copi,Carl Cohen,Victor Rodych
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351386964
FileSize: 447kb
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Introduction to Logic by Irving M. Copi,Carl Cohen,Victor Rodych Summary

For more than six decades, and for thousands of students, Introduction to Logic has been the gold standard in introductory logic texts. In this fifteenth edition, Carl Cohen and Victor Rodych update Irving M. Copi’s classic text, improving on its many strengths and introducing new and helpful material that will greatly assist both students and instructors. In particular, chapters 1, 8, and 9 have been greatly enhanced without disturbing the book’s clear and gradual pedagogical approach. Specifically: Chapter 1 now uses a simpler and better definition of "deductive validity," which enhances the rest of the book (especially chapters 1 and 8-10, and their new components). Chapter 8 now has: Simpler definitions of "simple statement" and "compound statement" More and more detailed examples of the Complete Truth-Table Method. Chapter 9 now has: A detailed, step-by-step account of the Shorter Truth-Table Method (with detailed step-by-step examples for conclusions of different types) A more complete and detailed account of Indirect Proof A detailed justification for Indirect Proof treating each of the three distinct ways in which an argument can be valid A new section on Conditional Proof, which complements the 19 Rules of Inference and Indirect Proof Explications of proofs of tautologies using both Indirect Proof and Conditional Proof A new section at the end of the chapter explaining the important difference between sound and demonstrative arguments. The Appendices now include: A new appendix on making the Shorter Truth-Table Technique (STTT) more efficient by selecting the most efficient sequence of STTT steps A new appendix on Step 1 calculations for multiple-line shorter truth tables A new appendix on unforced truth-value assignments, invalid arguments, and Maxims III-V. In addition, a Companion Website offers for Students: A Proof Checker Complete Truth Table Exercises Shorter Truth-Table Exercises A Truth-Table Video Venn Diagram Testing of Syllogisms Hundreds of True/False and Multiple Choice Questions for Instructors: An Instructor’s Manual A Solutions Manual www.routledge.com/cw/9781138500860

How Logic Works

How Logic Works Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hans Halvorson
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691208719
FileSize: 1136kb
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How Logic Works by Hans Halvorson Summary

A concise introduction to logic that teaches you not only how reasoning works, but why it works How Logic Works is an introductory logic textbook that is different by design. Rather than teaching elementary symbolic logic as an abstract or rote mathematical exercise divorced from ordinary thinking, Hans Halvorson presents it as the skill of clear and rigorous reasoning, which is essential in all fields and walks of life, from the sciences to the humanities—anywhere that making good arguments, and spotting bad ones, is critical to success. Instead of teaching how to apply algorithms using “truth trees,” as in the vast majority of logic textbooks, How Logic Works builds on and reinforces the innate human skills of making and evaluating arguments. It does this by introducing the methods of natural deduction, an approach that teaches students not only how to carry out a proof and solve a problem but also what the principles of valid reasoning are and how they can be applied to any subject. The book also allows students to transition smoothly to more advanced topics in logic by teaching them general techniques that apply to more complicated scenarios, such as how to formulate theories about specific subject matter. How Logic Works shows that formal logic—far from being only for mathematicians or a diversion from the really deep questions of philosophy and human life—is the best account we have of what it means to be rational. By teaching logic in a way that makes students aware of how they already use it, the book will help them to become even better thinkers. Offers a concise, readable, and user-friendly introduction to elementary symbolic logic that primarily uses natural deduction rather than algorithmic “truth trees” Draws on more than two decades’ experience teaching introductory logic to undergraduates Provides a stepping stone to more advanced topics

Guide to Assembly Language

Guide to Assembly Language Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James T. Streib
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780857292711
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Guide to Assembly Language by James T. Streib Summary

This book will enable the reader to very quickly begin programming in assembly language. Through this hands-on programming, readers will also learn more about the computer architecture of the Intel 32-bit processor, as well as the relationship between high-level and low-level languages. Topics: presents an overview of assembly language, and an introduction to general purpose registers; illustrates the key concepts of each chapter with complete programs, chapter summaries, and exercises; covers input/output, basic arithmetic instructions, selection structures, and iteration structures; introduces logic, shift, arithmetic shift, rotate, and stack instructions; discusses procedures and macros, and examines arrays and strings; investigates machine language from a discovery perspective. This textbook is an ideal introduction to programming in assembly language for undergraduate students, and a concise guide for professionals wishing to learn how to write logically correct programs in a minimal amount of time.

Logic and Discrete Mathematics

Logic and Discrete Mathematics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Willem Conradie,Valentin Goranko,Claudette Robinson
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119000106
FileSize: 1708kb
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Logic and Discrete Mathematics by Willem Conradie,Valentin Goranko,Claudette Robinson Summary

Solutions manual to accompany Logic and Discrete Mathematics: A Concise Introduction This book features a unique combination of comprehensive coverage of logic with a solid exposition of the most important fields of discrete mathematics, presenting material that has been tested and refined by the authors in university courses taught over more than a decade. Written in a clear and reader-friendly style, each section ends with an extensive set of exercises, most of them provided with complete solutions which are available in this accompanying solutions manual.

Vente à la criée du lot 49

Vente à la criée du lot 49 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas Pynchon
Editor: Média Diffusion
ISBN: 2021136930
FileSize: 1864kb
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Vente à la criée du lot 49 by Thomas Pynchon Summary

En rentrant d'une soirée bien arrosée, Œdipa Maas, jeune femme de vingt-huit ans, reçoit un courrier d'un certain Metzger, avocat. La lettre lui apprend qu'elle est l'exécutrice testamentaire d'un ex-petit ami, Pierce Inverarity, magnat californien de l'immobilier. Afin d'honorer ses dernières volontés, Œdipa quitte sa ville pour San Narciso et s'installe dans un motel. Elle y fait la connaissance de Metzger qui l'épaulera dans ce qui devait être une simple formalité... Sauf que le legs est étrange : en plus d'usines et de biens immobiliers, son ex possédait une collection de plusieurs milliers de (faux) timbres. Et fortuitement, d'étranges coïncidences surviennent : dans le bar " Le Scope " qui semble être le seul lieu animé de San Narciso et qui est rempli d'ouvriers travaillant dans une usine de Pierce Inverarity, Œdipa et Metzger rencontrent un jeune spécialiste de l'histoire des Postes depuis le XVIe s., un postier qui fait sa tournée de courrier en nocturne, trouvent des messages secrets dans les toilettes du bar... À cela s'ajoutent la découverture d'un trafic d'os humains ainsi qu'une pièce de théâtre du XVIe traitant des Postes illégales. Tous ces signes sans connexion apparente seront le point de départ d'une enquête dans laquelle les personnages déjantés plongent dans le smog californien et dans un espace-temps.

Quel est le titre de ce livre ?

Quel est le titre de ce livre ? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Raymond Smullyan
Editor: Dunod
ISBN: 2100797026
FileSize: 1941kb
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Quel est le titre de ce livre ? by Raymond Smullyan Summary

Un homme regarde un portrait. Quelqu'un lui demande: "Qui regardez-vous?" Il répond: "Je n'ai point de frère ni de soeur mais le père de cet homme est le fils de mon père" De qui regarde-t-il le portrait? Ce problème est l'un des nombreux casse-tête concoctés pour vous par le très ingénieux Raymond Smullyan : de quoi booster vos neurones!

A Concise Introduction to Software Engineering

A Concise Introduction to Software Engineering Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pankaj Jalote
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848003021
FileSize: 894kb
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A Concise Introduction to Software Engineering by Pankaj Jalote Summary

An introductory course on Software Engineering remains one of the hardest subjects to teach largely because of the wide range of topics the area enc- passes. I have believed for some time that we often tend to teach too many concepts and topics in an introductory course resulting in shallow knowledge and little insight on application of these concepts. And Software Engineering is ?nally about application of concepts to e?ciently engineer good software solutions. Goals I believe that an introductory course on Software Engineering should focus on imparting to students the knowledge and skills that are needed to successfully execute a commercial project of a few person-months e?ort while employing proper practices and techniques. It is worth pointing out that a vast majority of the projects executed in the industry today fall in this scope—executed by a small team over a few months. I also believe that by carefully selecting the concepts and topics, we can, in the course of a semester, achieve this. This is the motivation of this book. The goal of this book is to introduce to the students a limited number of concepts and practices which will achieve the following two objectives: – Teach the student the skills needed to execute a smallish commercial project.

A Concise Introduction to Models and Methods for Automated Planning

A Concise Introduction to Models and Methods for Automated Planning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hector Geffner,Blai Bonet
Editor: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608459705
FileSize: 307kb
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A Concise Introduction to Models and Methods for Automated Planning by Hector Geffner,Blai Bonet Summary

Planning is the model-based approach to autonomous behavior where the agent behavior is derived automatically from a model of the actions, sensors, and goals. The main challenges in planning are computational as all models, whether featuring uncertainty and feedback or not, are intractable in the worst case when represented in compact form. In this book, we look at a variety of models used in AI planning, and at the methods that have been developed for solving them. The goal is to provide a modern and coherent view of planning that is precise, concise, and mostly self-contained, without being shallow. For this, we make no attempt at covering the whole variety of planning approaches, ideas, and applications, and focus on the essentials. The target audience of the book are students and researchers interested in autonomous behavior and planning from an AI, engineering, or cognitive science perspective. Table of Contents: Preface / Planning and Autonomous Behavior / Classical Planning: Full Information and Deterministic Actions / Classical Planning: Variations and Extensions / Beyond Classical Planning: Transformations / Planning with Sensing: Logical Models / MDP Planning: Stochastic Actions and Full Feedback / POMDP Planning: Stochastic Actions and Partial Feedback / Discussion / Bibliography / Author's Biography

Formulating Research Methods for Information Systems

Formulating Research Methods for Information Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Chris Sauer,Leslie P. Willcocks,Mary C. Lacity
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137509856
FileSize: 1262kb
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Formulating Research Methods for Information Systems by Chris Sauer,Leslie P. Willcocks,Mary C. Lacity Summary

This edited two-volume collection presents the most interesting and compelling articles pertaining to the formulation of research methods used to study information systems from the 30-year publication history of the Journal of Information Technology .

Scare Tactics

Scare Tactics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Douglas Walton
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401729409
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Scare Tactics by Douglas Walton Summary

Scare Tactics, the first book on the subject, provides a theory of the structure of reasoning used in fear and threat appeal argumentation. Such arguments come under the heading of the argumentum ad baculum, the `argument to the stick/club', traditionally treated as a fallacy in the logic textbooks. The new dialectical theory is based on case studies of many interesting examples of the use of these arguments in advertising, public relations, politics, international negotiations, and everyday argumentation on all kinds of subjects. Many of these arguments are amusing, once you see the clever tactic used; others are scary. Some of the arguments appear to be quite reasonable, while others are highly suspicious, or even outrageously fraudulent. In addition to the examples taken from logic textbooks, other cases treated come from a variety of sources, including political debates, legal arguments, and arguments from media sources, like magazine articles and television ads. The purpose of this book is to explain how such arguments work as devices of persuasion, and to develop a method for analyzing and evaluating their reasonable and fallacious uses in particular cases. The book shows how such arguments share a common structure, revealing several distinctive forms of argument nested within each other. Based on its account of this cognitive structure, the new dialectical theory presents methods for identifying, analyzing, and evaluating these arguments, as they are used in specific cases. The book is a scholarly contribution to argumentation theory. It is written in an accessible style, and uses many colorful and provocative examples of fear and threat appeal arguments that are suitable for classroom discussions. The matters treated will be of interest to professionals and students in law, critical thinking, advertising, speech communication, informal logic, cognitive science, rhetoric, and media studies.

A Concise Introduction to Languages and Machines

A Concise Introduction to Languages and Machines Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alan P. Parkes
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848001215
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A Concise Introduction to Languages and Machines by Alan P. Parkes Summary

A Concise Introduction to Languages, Machines and Logic provides an accessible introduction to three key topics within computer science: formal languages, abstract machines and formal logic. Written in an easy-to-read, informal style, this textbook assumes only a basic knowledge of programming on the part of the reader. The approach is deliberately non-mathematical, and features: - Clear explanations of formal notation and jargon, - Extensive use of examples to illustrate algorithms and proofs, - Pictorial representations of key concepts, - Chapter opening overviews providing an introduction and guidance to each topic, - End-of-chapter exercises and solutions, - Offers an intuitive approach to the topics. This reader-friendly textbook has been written with undergraduates in mind and will be suitable for use on course covering formal languages, formal logic, computability and automata theory. It will also make an excellent supplementary text for courses on algorithm complexity and compilers.

La Formule du bonheur

La Formule du bonheur Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mo Gawdat
Editor: Larousse
ISBN: 2035947774
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La Formule du bonheur by Mo Gawdat Summary

On parle communément de « recherche » du bonheur ou de « développement » personnel, mais n’a-t-on jamais fait véritablement le lien entre cette quête individuelle et la démarche d’un ingénieur dans son travail quotidien ? C’est l’objet de ce livre. Dans L’Equation du bonheur, l’auteur passe en revue les aspects les plus fondamentaux de notre existence, décrypte les motifs sous-jacents de nos difficultés, et trace un processus étape par étape pour atteindre un niveau de bonheur optimal, comme il le ferait dans une logique « problème-solution » de développeur. Le message est clair : les humains sont conçus pour être heureux. Mais quand la vie est jonchée d’épreuves, nous avons besoin de réinitialiser et de rétablir notre mode de bonheur naturel. En tant qu’ingénieur du très secret programme Google [X], Mo a toujours fasciné par le défi de faire redémarrer le bonheur quand il semble disparaître. Vous aussi, trouvez votre propre bouton « reset » et mettez en place un algorithme pour plus de bonheur dans votre vie !

13 clés pour doper sa force mentale

13 clés pour doper sa force mentale Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Amy MORIN
Editor: First
ISBN: 2754077502
FileSize: 823kb
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13 clés pour doper sa force mentale by Amy MORIN Summary

N'ayez plus peur du changement : reprenez le pouvoir et entraînez-vous à être heureux ! Pressentie comme le " nouveau Covey ", Amy Morin nous livre les " 13 clés pour doper notre force mentale ". Après avoir été contrainte de traverser à plusieurs reprises la terrible épreuve du deuil (devenue veuve à 26 ans, peu de temps après avoir perdu sa mère, notamment), Amy Morin a dressé la liste des 13 habitudes contre lesquelles elle avait dû se battre pour s'en sortir. Il s'agit de toutes ces choses qui nous empêchent d'aller mieux quand on les laisse nous envahir... et qui ont donné naissance à ce livre-coach aussi pratique, captivant et motivant. Sur les pas d'Amy Morin, vous pourrez vous fixer des objectifs, tenter de nouvelles aventures, redéfinir ses relations aux autres et oser le bonheur. SOMMAIRE: Chap 1: Ne perdez pas votre temps à vous appitoyer sur vous-même Chap 2: Ne cédez pas votre pouvoir aux autres Chap 3: N'ayez pas peur des changements Chap 4: Ne gaspillez pas votre énergie à essayer de changer ce qui est immuable Chap 5: Ne cherchez pas à tout prix à plaire à tout le monde Chap 6: Ne craignez pas les risques calculés Chap 7: Ne restez pas focalisé sur le passé Chap 8: Ne recommettez pas les mêmes erreurs indéfiniment Chap 9: N'en voulez pas aux autres de leurs succès Chap 10: Ne jetez pas l'éponge au premier échec Chap 11: N'ayez pas peur de passer du temps en tête à tête avec vous-même Chap 12: Arrêtez de penser que le monde vous est redevable Chap 13: N'attendez pas de résultats immédiats

Problems in Value Theory

Problems in Value Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Steven B. Cowan
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350147400
FileSize: 435kb
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Problems in Value Theory by Steven B. Cowan Summary

Problems in Value Theory takes a pro and con approach to central topics in aesthetics, ethics and political theory. Each chapter begins with a question: What Makes Actions Right or Wrong? Does Morality Depend on God? Do We Need Government? Contemporary philosophers with opposing viewpoints are then paired together to argue their position and raise problems with conflicting standpoints. Alongside an up-to-date introduction to a core philosophical stance, each contributor provides a critical response to their opponent and clear explanation of their view. Discussion questions are included at the end of each chapter to guide further discussion. With chapters ranging from why the government should never wage war to what is art and does morality depend on God, this introduction covers questions lying at the heart of debates about what does and does not have value.

Les aventures de Huckleberry Finn

Les aventures de Huckleberry Finn Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark Twain
Editor: Les Editions de Londres
ISBN: 1910628573
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Les aventures de Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Summary

« Les aventures de Huckleberry Finn » fut publié par Mark Twain à Londres fin 1884 puis à New York au début de 1885. Ce roman fait suite aux Aventures de Tom Sawyer publié en 1876. Le héros est maintenant Huckleberry Finn qui avait refusé les obligations de la vie en société pour continuer sa vie de vagabondage à la fin des Aventures de Tom Sawyer. Notre édition bilingue reprend la version anglaise de l’édition originale de 1885 et la traduction française qui fut faite à l’époque par William-L. Hugues. Le passage de la version française à la version anglaise et réciproquement se fait à l’aide des balises se trouvant entre les paragraphes.