Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt by Febe Armanios

Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt
  • Title : Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt
  • Author : Febe Armanios
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 019974484X
  • Pages : 254
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This monograph examines the religious beliefs and traditions of Christians in Ottoman Egypt and to understand Coptic religious expression in the context of its surrounding culture. More broadly, this study reveals Ottoman society's diversity by examining the intimate interaction between Muslim and Christian practice.


Religious Difference in a Secular Age by Saba Mahmood

Religious Difference in a Secular Age
  • Title : Religious Difference in a Secular Age
  • Author : Saba Mahmood
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691153280
  • Pages : 248
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The plight of religious minorities in the Middle East is often attributed to the failure of secularism to take root in the region. Religious Difference in a Secular Age challenges this assessment by examining four cornerstones of secularism—political and civil equality, minority rights, religious freedom, and the legal separation of private and public domains. Drawing on her extensive fieldwork in Egypt with Coptic Orthodox Christians and Bahais—religious minorities in a predominantly Muslim country—Saba Mahmood shows how modern secular governance has exacerbated religious tensions and inequalities rather than reduced them. Tracing the historical career of secular legal concepts in the colonial and postcolonial Middle East, she explores how contradictions at the very heart of political secularism have aggravated and amplified existing forms of Islamic hierarchy, bringing minority relations in Egypt to a new historical impasse. Through a close examination of Egyptian court cases and constitutional debates about minority rights, conflicts around family law, and controversies over freedom of expression, Mahmood invites us to reflect on the entwined histories of secularism in the Middle East and Europe. A provocative work of scholarship, Religious Difference in a Secular Age challenges us to rethink the promise and limits of the secular ideal of religious equality.


The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Christianity in the Middle East by Mitri Raheb,Mark A. Lamport

The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Christianity in the Middle East
  • Title : The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Christianity in the Middle East
  • Author : Mitri Raheb,Mark A. Lamport
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 1538124181
  • Pages : 710
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This work represents the current and most relevant content on the studies of how Christianity has fared in the ancient home of its founder and birth. Much has been written about Christianity and how it has survived since its migration out of its homeland but this comprehensive reference work reassesses the geographic and demographic impact of the dramatic changes in this perennially combustible world region. The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Christianity in the Middle East also spans the historical, socio-political and contemporary settings of the region and importantly describes the interactions that Christianity has had with other major/minor religions in the region.


Christian Martyrs under Islam by Christian C. Sahner

Christian Martyrs under Islam
  • Title : Christian Martyrs under Islam
  • Author : Christian C. Sahner
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691179107
  • Pages : 360
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How did the medieval Middle East transform from a majority-Christian world to a majority-Muslim world, and what role did violence play in this process? Christian Martyrs under Islam explains how Christians across the early Islamic caliphate slowly converted to the faith of the Arab conquerors and how small groups of individuals rejected this faith through dramatic acts of resistance, including apostasy and blasphemy. Using previously untapped sources in a range of Middle Eastern languages, Christian Sahner introduces an unknown group of martyrs who were executed at the hands of Muslim officials between the seventh and ninth centuries CE. Found in places as diverse as Syria, Spain, Egypt, and Armenia, they include an alleged descendant of Muhammad who converted to Christianity, high-ranking Christian secretaries of the Muslim state who viciously insulted the Prophet, and the children of mixed marriages between Muslims and Christians. Sahner argues that Christians never experienced systematic persecution under the early caliphs, and indeed, they remained the largest portion of the population in the greater Middle East for centuries after the Arab conquest. Still, episodes of ferocious violence contributed to the spread of Islam within Christian societies, and memories of this bloodshed played a key role in shaping Christian identity in the new Islamic empire. Christian Martyrs under Islam examines how violence against Christians ended the age of porous religious boundaries and laid the foundations for more antagonistic Muslim-Christian relations in the centuries to come.


The Making of the Medieval Middle East by Jack Tannous

The Making of the Medieval Middle East
  • Title : The Making of the Medieval Middle East
  • Author : Jack Tannous
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691179093
  • Pages : 664
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A bold new religious history of the late antique and medieval Middle East that places ordinary Christians at the center of the story In the second half of the first millennium CE, the Christian Middle East fractured irreparably into competing churches and Arabs conquered the region, setting in motion a process that would lead to its eventual conversion to Islam. Jack Tannous argues that key to understanding these dramatic religious transformations are ordinary religious believers, often called “the simple” in late antique and medieval sources. Largely agrarian and illiterate, these Christians outnumbered Muslims well into the era of the Crusades, and yet they have typically been invisible in our understanding of the Middle East’s history. What did it mean for Christian communities to break apart over theological disagreements that most people could not understand? How does our view of the rise of Islam change if we take seriously the fact that Muslims remained a demographic minority for much of the Middle Ages? In addressing these and other questions, Tannous provides a sweeping reinterpretation of the religious history of the medieval Middle East. This provocative book draws on a wealth of Greek, Syriac, and Arabic sources to recast these conquered lands as largely Christian ones whose growing Muslim populations are properly understood as converting away from and in competition with the non-Muslim communities around them.


The Political Lives of Saints by Angie Heo

The Political Lives of Saints
  • Title : The Political Lives of Saints
  • Author : Angie Heo
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 0520297989
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Since the Arab Spring in 2011 and ISIS's rise in 2014, Egypt's Copts have attracted attention worldwide as the collateral damage of revolution and as victims of sectarian strife. Countering the din of persecution rhetoric and Islamophobia, The Political Lives of Saints journeys into the quieter corners of divine intercession to consider what martyrs, miracles, and mysteries have to do with the more routine challenges faced by Christians and Muslims living together under the modern nation-state. Drawing on years of extensive fieldwork, Angie Heo argues for understanding popular saints as material media that organize social relations between Christians and Muslims in Egypt toward varying political ends. With an ethnographer's eye for traces of antiquity, she deciphers how long-cherished imaginaries of holiness broker bonds of revolutionary sacrifice, reconfigure national sites of sacred territory, and pose sectarian threats to security and order. A study of tradition and nationhood at their limits, The Political Lives of Saints shows that Coptic Orthodoxy is a core domain of minoritarian regulation and authoritarian rule, powerfully reversing the recurrent thesis of its impending extinction in the Arab Muslim world"--Provided by publisher.


The Copts of Egypt by Saad Eddin Ibrahim

The Copts of Egypt
  • Title : The Copts of Egypt
  • Author : Saad Eddin Ibrahim
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 30
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Copts in Ottoman Egypt


History of the Coptic Orthodox People and the Church of Egypt by Robert Morgan

History of the Coptic Orthodox People and the Church of Egypt
  • Title : History of the Coptic Orthodox People and the Church of Egypt
  • Author : Robert Morgan
  • Publisher : FriesenPress
  • ISBN Code : 146028027X
  • Pages : 536
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Egypt was trampled by almost every great power in the world. Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Persians, Turks, French, and English. Each came with their own agenda, greed and avarice. looting and pillaging the riches of Egypt, In many instances the proud people resisted staunchly, but in many others they fell to their invaders. The Egyptians adopted Christianity early on, after the evangelist martyr Saint Mark visited the country. Christianity flowed in Egypt like the River Nile that flows through the arid dessert and rapidly transformed its people into ardent believers, saints and martyrs for the sake of their savior. This is the story of the Copt Christians of Egypt, they still inhabit the narrow Nile Valley till today, against all odds. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Egypt still persist on this spot of land in spite of centuries of marginalizing, ostracizing and sanctioned persecutions. This book tells the story of the Copts of Egypt throughout the ages, the descendants of the great Pharaohs of Egypt....


The Coptic Christian Heritage by Lois M. Farag

The Coptic Christian Heritage
  • Title : The Coptic Christian Heritage
  • Author : Lois M. Farag
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134666845
  • Pages : 280
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the heritage of Coptic Christians. The contributors combine academic expertise with intimate and practical knowledge of the Coptic Orthodox Church and Coptic heritage. The chapters explore historical, cultural, literary and material aspects, including: the history of Christianity in Egypt, from the pre-Christian era to the modern day Coptic religious culture: theology, monasticism, spirituality, liturgy and music the Coptic language, linguistic expressions of the Coptic heritage and literary production in Greek, Coptic and Arabic . material culture and artistic expression of the Copts: from icons, mosaics and frescos to manuscript illuminations, woodwork and textiles. Students will find The Coptic Christian Heritage an invaluable introduction, whilst scholars will find its breadth provides a helpful context for specialised research.


Christianity in the Land of the Pharaohs by Jill Kamil

Christianity in the Land of the Pharaohs
  • Title : Christianity in the Land of the Pharaohs
  • Author : Jill Kamil
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1136797874
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Copts - the indigenous Christians of Egypt - declared their independence from Byzantine Christianity when they appointed their own patriarchs in the sixth century. Jill Kamil has written an angaging and accessible survey of the history of Christianity on Egypt, through its development under Rome, Byzantium and Islam, to modern times. Drawing on personal travel to all the Christian sites of Egypt, and conversations with scholars, monks, museum directors, and scores of lay Egyptians both Copt and Muslim, the author tells us about the fundamental importance of Coptic religion and culture in Egypt. Weaving together historical research with absorbing stories, she explores questions as: * How did Christianity suceed in an Egypt that already had an established religion which had lasted for more than 300 years? * What part did Egypt play in the evolvement of the early Christian movement? * What led the Copts to develop monasticism? * Why were there so many Egyptian martyrs? * What caused the Coptic Church to break away from the rest of orthodox Christianity in the sixth century AD? Lavishly illustrated with more than 120 photographs, drawings and maps, Christianity in the Land of the Pharaohs offers a captivating insight into a side if Egypt that will be new to many readers. It is ideal not only for students of Egyptian history and Christianity, as well as those with a more general interst in Egypt's past and present.


The Coptic Question in the Mubarak Era by Sebastian Elsässer

The Coptic Question in the Mubarak Era
  • Title : The Coptic Question in the Mubarak Era
  • Author : Sebastian Elsässer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199368392
  • Pages : 319
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Egypt's Christians, the Copts, are the largest Christian community in the Middle East. While they have always been considered an integral component of the Egyptian nation, their precise status within Egyptian politics and society has been subject to ongoing debates from the Twentieth Century to present day. Part of the legacy of the Mubarak era (1980-2011) in Egypt is the unsettled state of Muslim-Christian relations and the increasing volatility of sectarian tensions, which also overshadowed the first years of the post-Mubarak period. The Coptic Question in the Mubarak Era delves into the discourses that dominated public debates and the political agenda-setting during the Mubarak era, explaining why politicians and the public in Egypt have had such enormous difficulties in recognizing the real roots of sectarian strife. This "Coptic question" is a complex set of issues, ranging from the petty struggles of daily Egyptian life in a bi-religious society to intricate legal andconstitutional questions (family law, conversion, and church-building), to the issue of the political participation of the Coptic minority. Through these subjects, the book explores a larger debate about Egyptian national identity. With special attention paid to the neglected diversity of voices within the Coptic community, The Coptic Question in the Mubarak Era uncovers the historical layers of the situation to provide a comprehensive analysis of the political and social underpinnings of this timely issue.


The Early Coptic Papacy by Stephen J. Davis

The Early Coptic Papacy
  • Title : The Early Coptic Papacy
  • Author : Stephen J. Davis
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9789774168345
  • Pages : 280
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Copts, adherents of the Egyptian Orthodox Church, today represent the largest Christian community in the Middle East, and their presiding bishops have been accorded the title of pope since the third century AD. This study analyzes the development of the Egyptian papacy from its origins to the rise of Islam. How did the papal office in Egypt evolve as a social and religious institution during the first six and a half centuries AD? How do the developments in the Alexandrian patriarchate reflect larger developments in the Egyptian church as a whole--in its structures of authority and lines of communication, as well as in its social and religious practices? In addressing such questions, Stephen J. Davis examines a wide range of evidence--letters, sermons, theological treatises, and church histories, as well as art, artifacts, and archaeological remains--to discover what the patriarchs did as leaders, how their leadership was represented in public discourses, and how those representations definitively shaped Egyptian Christian identity in late antiquity. The Early Coptic Papacy is Volume 1 of The Popes of Egypt: A History of the Coptic Church and Its Patriarchs. Also available: Volume 2, The Coptic Papacy in Islamic Egypt, 641-1517 (Mark N. Swanson) and Volume 3, The Emergence of the Modern Coptic Papacy (Magdi Girgis, Nelly van Doorn-Harder).


Motherland Lost by Samuel Tadros

Motherland Lost
  • Title : Motherland Lost
  • Author : Samuel Tadros
  • Publisher : Hoover Press
  • ISBN Code : 0817916466
  • Pages : 262
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Samuel Tadros provides a clear understanding of Copts—the native Egyptian Christians—and their crisis of modernity in conjunction with the overall developments in Egypt as it faced its own struggles with modernity. He argues that the modern plight of Copts is inseparable from the crisis of modernity and the answers developed to address that crisis by the Egyptian state and intellectuals, as well as by the Coptic Church and laypeople.


Halal Food by Febe Armanios,Bogaç Ergene

Halal Food
  • Title : Halal Food
  • Author : Febe Armanios,Bogaç Ergene
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190269057
  • Pages : 400
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Rules -- Meat -- Slaughter -- Intoxicants -- Business -- Standards -- Manufactured products -- Wholesome -- Cuisine -- Eating out


Christians in Egypt by Andrea B. Rugh

Christians in Egypt
  • Title : Christians in Egypt
  • Author : Andrea B. Rugh
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137566132
  • Pages : 242
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Christians in the Middle East have come under increasing pressure in recent years with the rise of radical Islam. In Egypt, the large Coptic Christian community has traditionally played an important political and historical role. This book examines Egyptian Christians' responses to sectarian pressures in both national and local contexts.


Honored by the Glory of Islam by Marc David Baer

Honored by the Glory of Islam
  • Title : Honored by the Glory of Islam
  • Author : Marc David Baer
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199797838
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Marc David Baer proposes a novel approach to the historical record of Islamic conversions during the Ottoman age and gathers fresh insights concerning the nature of religious conversion itself. Rather than explaining Ottoman Islamization in terms of the converts' motives, Baer concentrates on the proselytizing sultan Mehmet IV (1648-87).


A History of Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the Middle East by Heather J. Sharkey

A History of Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the Middle East
  • Title : A History of Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the Middle East
  • Author : Heather J. Sharkey
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 052176937X
  • Pages : 392
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book traces the history of conflict and contact between Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the Ottoman Middle East prior to 1914.


All the Pasha's Men by Khaled Fahmy,Ḵālid Maḥmūd Fahmī

All the Pasha's Men
  • Title : All the Pasha's Men
  • Author : Khaled Fahmy,Ḵālid Maḥmūd Fahmī
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521560078
  • Pages : 334
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

While scholarship has traditionally viewed Mehmed Ali Pasha as the founder of modern Egypt, Khaled Fahmy offers a new interpretation of his role in the rise of Egyptian nationalism, firmly locating him within the Ottoman context as an ambitious, if problematic, Ottoman reformer. Basing his work on previously neglected archival material, the author demonstrates how Mehmed Ali sought to develop the Egyptian economy and to build up the army, not as a means of gaining Egyptian independence from the Ottoman empire, but to further his own ambitions for recognized hereditary rule over the province. By focusing on the army and the soldier's daily experiences, the author constructs a detailed picture of attempts at modernization and reform, how they were planned and implemented by various reformers, and how the public at large understood and accommodated them. In this way, the work contributes to the larger methodological and theoretical debates concerning nation-building and the construction of state power in the particular context of early nineteenth-century Egypt.


Muslim Rebels by Jeffrey T. Kenney

Muslim Rebels
  • Title : Muslim Rebels
  • Author : Jeffrey T. Kenney
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780198030188
  • Pages : 234
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Kharijites were the first sectarian movement in Islamic history, a rebellious splinter group that separated itself from mainstream Muslim society and set about creating, through violence, an ideal community of the saved. Their influence in the political and theological life of the nascent faith has ensured their place in both critical and religious accounts of early Islamic history. Based on the image of sect fostered by the Islamic tradition, the name Kharijite defines a Muslim as an overly-pious zealot whose ideas and actions lie beyond the pale of normative Islam. After a brief look at Kharijite origins and the traditional image of these early rebels, this book focuses on references to the Kharijites in Egypt from the 1950s to the 1990s. Jeffrey T. Kenney shows how the traditional image of the Kharijites was reawakened to address the problem of radical Islamist opposition movements. The Kharijites came to play a central role in the rhetoric of both religious authorities, whose official role it is to interpret Islam for the masses, and the secular state, which cynically turns to Islamic ideas and symbols to defend its legitimacy. Even those Islamists who defend militant tactics, and who are themselves tainted by the Kharijite label, become participants in the discourse surrounding Kharijism. Although all Egyptians agree that modern Kharijites represent a dangerous threat to society, serious debates have arisen about the underlying social, political and economic problems that lead Muslims down this destructive path. Kenney examines these debates and what they reveal about Egyptian attitudes toward Islamist violence and its impact on their nation. Long before 9/11, Egyptians have been dealing with the problem of Islamist violence, frequently evoking the Kharijites. This book represents an important contribution to Islamic studies and Middle East studies, adding to our understanding of how the Islamic past shapes the present discourse surrounding Islamist violence in one Muslim society.


The Copts of Egypt by Saad Eddin Ibrahim

The Copts of Egypt
  • Title : The Copts of Egypt
  • Author : Saad Eddin Ibrahim
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 30
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Copts in Ottoman Egypt


The Ottoman Age of Exploration by Giancarlo Casale

The Ottoman Age of Exploration
  • Title : The Ottoman Age of Exploration
  • Author : Giancarlo Casale
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199703388
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In 1517, the Ottoman Sultan Selim "the Grim" conquered Egypt and brought his empire for the first time in history into direct contact with the trading world of the Indian Ocean. During the decades that followed, the Ottomans became progressively more engaged in the affairs of this vast and previously unfamiliar region, eventually to the point of launching a systematic ideological, military and commercial challenge to the Portuguese Empire, their main rival for control of the lucrative trade routes of maritime Asia. The Ottoman Age of Exploration is the first comprehensive historical account of this century-long struggle for global dominance, a struggle that raged from the shores of the Mediterranean to the Straits of Malacca, and from the interior of Africa to the steppes of Central Asia. Based on extensive research in the archives of Turkey and Portugal, as well as materials written on three continents and in a half dozen languages, it presents an unprecedented picture of the global reach of the Ottoman state during the sixteenth century. It does so through a dramatic recounting of the lives of sultans and viziers, spies, corsairs, soldiers-of-fortune, and women from the imperial harem. Challenging traditional narratives of Western dominance, it argues that the Ottomans were not only active participants in the Age of Exploration, but ultimately bested the Portuguese in the game of global politics by using sea power, dynastic prestige, and commercial savoir faire to create their own imperial dominion throughout the Indian Ocean.


Imagined Empires by Zeinab Abul-Magd

Imagined Empires
  • Title : Imagined Empires
  • Author : Zeinab Abul-Magd
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • ISBN Code : 0520956532
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Through a microhistory of a small province in Upper Egypt, this book investigates the history of five world empires that assumed hegemony in Qina province over the last five centuries. Imagined Empires charts modes of subaltern rebellion against the destructive policies of colonial intruders and collaborating local elites in the south of Egypt. Abul-Magd vividly narrates stories of sabotage, banditry, flight, and massive uprisings of peasants and laborers, to challenge myths of imperial competence. The book depicts forms of subaltern discontent against "imagined empires" that failed in achieving their professed goals and brought about environmental crises to Qina province. As the book deconstructs myths about early modern and modern world hegemons, it reveals that imperial modernity and its market economy altered existing systems of landownership, irrigation, and trade— leading to such destructive occurrences as the plague and cholera epidemics. The book also deconstructs myths in Egyptian historiography, highlighting the problems of a Cairo-centered idea of the Egyptian nation-state. The book covers the Ottoman, French, Muhammad Ali’s, and the British informal and formal empires. It alludes to the U.S. and its failed market economy in Upper Egypt, which partially resulted in Qina’s participation in the 2011 revolution. Imagined Empires is a timely addition to Middle Eastern and world history.


ASA News by N.A

ASA News
  • Title : ASA News
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire by Benjamin Braude

Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire
  • Title : Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire
  • Author : Benjamin Braude
  • Publisher : Lynne Rienner Pub
  • ISBN Code : 9781588268655
  • Pages : 374
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How did the vast Ottoman empire, stretching from the Balkans to the Sahara, endure for more than four centuries despite its great ethnic and religious diversity? The classic work on this plural society, the two-volume Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire, offered seminal reinterpretations of the empire¿s core institutions and has sparked more than a generation of innovative work since it was first published in 1982. This new, abridged, and reorganized edition, with a substantial new introduction and bibliography covering issues and scholarship of the past thirty years, has been carefully designed to be accessible to a wider readership.


Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity by Otto Friedrich August Meinardus

Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity
  • Title : Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity
  • Author : Otto Friedrich August Meinardus
  • Publisher : American Univ in Cairo Press
  • ISBN Code : 9789774247576
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Christianity arrived early in Egypt, brought--according to tradition--by Saint Mark the Evangelist, who became the first patriarch of Alexandria. The Coptic Orthodox Church has flourished ever since, with millions of adherents both in Egypt and in Coptic communities around the world. Since its split from the Byzantine Church in 451, the Coptic Church has proudly maintained its early traditions, and influence from outside has been minimal: the liturgy is still sung to unique rhythms in Coptic, a late stage of the same ancient Egyptian language that is inscribed in hieroglyphs on temple walls and papyri. Dr. Otto Meinardus, a leading authority on the history of the Coptic Church, here revises, updates, and combines his renowned studies Christian Egypt, Ancient and Modern (The American University in Cairo Press, 1965, 1977) and Christian Egypt, Faith and Life (The American University in Cairo Press, 1970) into a new, definitive, one-volume history for the Millennium, surveying the twenty centuries of existence of one of the oldest churches in the world.


An Armenian Artist in Ottoman Egypt by Magdi Guirguis,Majdī Jirjis

An Armenian Artist in Ottoman Egypt
  • Title : An Armenian Artist in Ottoman Egypt
  • Author : Magdi Guirguis,Majdī Jirjis
  • Publisher : American Univ in Cairo Press
  • ISBN Code : 9789774161520
  • Pages : 131
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A unique window onto the social history of Cairo in the eighteenth century


Sorrowful Shores by Ryan Gingeras

Sorrowful Shores
  • Title : Sorrowful Shores
  • Author : Ryan Gingeras
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019160979X
  • Pages : 272
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Turkish Republic was formed out of immense bloodshed and carnage. During the decade leading up to the end of the Ottoman Empire and the ascendancy of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, virtually every town and village throughout Anatolia was wracked by intercommunal violence. Sorrowful Shores presents a unique, on-the-ground history of these bloody years of social and political transformation. Challenging the determinism associated with nationalist interpretations of Turkish history between 1912 and 1923, Ryan Gingeras delves deeper into this period of transition between empire and nation-state. Looking closely at a corner of territory immediately south of the old Ottoman capital of Istanbul, he traces the evolution of various communities of native Christians and immigrant Muslims against the backdrop of the Balkan Wars, the First World War, the Armenian Genocide, the Turkish War of Independence, and the Greek occupation of the region. Drawing on new sources from the Ottoman archives, Gingeras demonstrates how violence was organised at the local level. Arguing against the prevailing view of the conflict as a war between monolithic ethnic groups driven by fanaticism and ancient hatreds, he reveals instead the culpability of several competing states in fanning successive waves of bloodshed.


American Evangelicals in Egypt by Heather J. Sharkey

American Evangelicals in Egypt
  • Title : American Evangelicals in Egypt
  • Author : Heather J. Sharkey
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691168105
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In 1854, American Presbyterian missionaries arrived in Egypt as part of a larger Anglo-American Protestant movement aiming for worldwide evangelization. Protected by British imperial power, and later by mounting American global influence, their enterprise flourished during the next century. American Evangelicals in Egypt follows the ongoing and often unexpected transformations initiated by missionary activities between the mid-nineteenth century and 1967--when the Six-Day Arab-Israeli War uprooted the Americans in Egypt. Heather Sharkey uses Arabic and English sources to shed light on the many facets of missionary encounters with Egyptians. These occurred through institutions, such as schools and hospitals, and through literacy programs and rural development projects that anticipated later efforts of NGOs. To Egyptian Muslims and Coptic Christians, missionaries presented new models for civic participation and for women's roles in collective worship and community life. At the same time, missionary efforts to convert Muslims and reform Copts stimulated new forms of Egyptian social activism and prompted nationalists to enact laws restricting missionary activities. Faced by Islamic strictures and customs regarding apostasy and conversion, and by expectations regarding the proper structure of Christian-Muslim relations, missionaries in Egypt set off debates about religious liberty that reverberate even today. Ultimately, the missionary experience in Egypt led to reconsiderations of mission policy and evangelism in ways that had long-term repercussions for the culture of American Protestantism.


Leatherwork from Qasr Ibrim (Egypt). Part I by André J. Veldmeijer

Leatherwork from Qasr Ibrim (Egypt). Part I
  • Title : Leatherwork from Qasr Ibrim (Egypt). Part I
  • Author : André J. Veldmeijer
  • Publisher : Sidestone Press
  • ISBN Code : 9088900965
  • Pages : 462
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Throughout its long history, stretching from the 25th Dynasty (c. 752-656 BC) to the Ottoman Period (c. 1500-1811 AD), Qasr Ibrim was one of the most important settlements in Egyptian Nubia. The site has produced an unprecedented wealth of material and due to the - even for Egypt - extraordinary preservation circumstances, includes objects that are made of perishable organic materials, such as wood, leather, and flax. The present volume focuses on one of these groups: footwear that is made from leather and dated to the Ottoman Period. The footwear, recovered during the years that the Egypt Exploration Society worked at the site, is described in detail, including a pictorial record consisting of photographs and drawings (both technical and artist's impressions). This is the first time that Ottoman footwear from Egypt (and outside of Egypt) has been analyzed in detail. The preliminary analysis focuses on footwear technology, within the framework of the Ancient Egyptian Footwear Project (AEFP; see www.leatherandshoes.nl). A broader interpretation will be combined with the results of the analyses of the finds from the other epochs of Qasr Ibrim's history, such as the age of Christianity and the Meroitic Period.


The Role of the Copts in the National Movement in Egypt Until the 1919 Revolution by Kathrin Nina Wiedl

The Role of the Copts in the National Movement in Egypt Until the 1919 Revolution
  • Title : The Role of the Copts in the National Movement in Egypt Until the 1919 Revolution
  • Author : Kathrin Nina Wiedl
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN Code : 3638714187
  • Pages : 40
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Orientalism / Sinology - Islamic Studies, grade: 1,3, Ben Gurion University (Middle East Institute), course: Religious and Ethnic Minorities/ Communities in the Modern Middle East, 19 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: This term paper describes the role of the Copts as a Christian minority in the national independence movement in Egypt, from 1879 until the 1919 revolution. It raises the question, what factors determined their changing role from a minority, excluded by the Islamistic tendencies of the movement, to their full and equal participation during the 1919 revolution., abstract: During the 1919 revolution, under the slogan Egypt for Egyptians," the Copts fought hand in hand with their Muslim brothers for national independence of Egypt from Britain. The banner of the revolution was a cross within a crescent, the ancient incompatibility of Christianity and Islam seemed to be abolished. Only one decade earlier this unity seemed impossible, after the assassination of the Copt Prime Minister Butrus Ghali, the mob in the streets of Cairo had been praising the murder with slogans, such as: " Wasrani (the name of the killer), Wasrani, who killed the nasrani (Christian)." And the Coptic newspaper Al-Watan had stated in 1908 that "The Copts are the true Egyptians and the Islamic conquest of Egypt was oppressive." The role of the Copts in the national movement is as complex and ambiguous as the national movement itself. We have to weight and consider various factors together in order to understand the different roles of the Copts in the movement during this period. We also have to differentiate between Coptic Clerks, fellahin and urban Copts as well as between the Muslim mob and the Muslim leaders of the national movement, latter often influenced by ideas of western enlightenment. This paper will examine the factors that determined the role of the Coptic minority in the Muslim-dominated national"


Islamic Law in Action by Kristen Stilt

Islamic Law in Action
  • Title : Islamic Law in Action
  • Author : Kristen Stilt
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191629820
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A dynamic account of the practice of Islamic law, this book focuses on the actions of a particular legal official, the muhtasib, whose vast jurisdiction included all public behavior. In the cities of Cairo and neighboring Fustat during the Mamluk period (1250-1517), the men who held the position of muhtasib acted as regulators of markets and public spaces generally. They traversed their jurisdictions carrying out the duty to command right and forbid wrong, and were as much a part of the legal landscape as the better-known figures of judge and mufti. Taking directions from the rulers, the sultan foremost among them, they were also guided by legal doctrine as formulated by the jurists, combining these two sources of law in one face of authority. The daily workings of the law are illuminated by the reports of the muhtasib in the vivid Mamluk-era chronicles, which often also captured the responses of the individuals who encountered the official. The book is organized around actions taken by the muhtasib in the areas of Muslim devotional and pious practices; crimes and offenses; the management of Christians and Jews; market regulation and consumer protection; the specific markets for essential bread; currency and taxes; and public order. The case studies presented show that while legal doctrine was clearly relevant to the muhtasib's actions, the policy demands of the sultan were also quite significant, and rules from both sources of authority intersected with social, political, economic, and personal factors to create full and vibrant scenarios that reveal the practice of Islamic law.


Witnesses for Christ by Nomikos Michael Vaporis

Witnesses for Christ
  • Title : Witnesses for Christ
  • Author : Nomikos Michael Vaporis
  • Publisher : RSM Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780881411966
  • Pages : 377
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"This, however, is not simply a collection of hagiographic stories. Here, the Lives are retold in a fluid, easy-to-read manner, and set in an historical context to make them more accessible to the reader. Also of great interest are the many translations of the dialogue between the Neomartyrs and the Ottoman judges (kadi), during the three interrogations that were mandated by Islamic law."--BOOK JACKET.


Coptic Christology in Practice by Stephen J. Davis

Coptic Christology in Practice
  • Title : Coptic Christology in Practice
  • Author : Stephen J. Davis
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199258627
  • Pages : 371
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A pioneering study of ancient and medieval Christology. Employing a range of interdisciplinary methods, Stephen J. Davis shows how Christian identity in Egypt was shaped by a set of replicable 'christological practices'. He thus enables readers to trace the Coptic church's theological and cultural transition from late antiquity to Dar al-Islam.


The Challenge of Political Islam by Rachel Scott

The Challenge of Political Islam
  • Title : The Challenge of Political Islam
  • Author : Rachel Scott
  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0804774714
  • Pages : 296
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The rise of political Islam has provoked considerable debate about the compatibility of democracy, tolerance, and pluralism with the Islamist position. As The Challenge of Political Islam reveals, Egyptian Islamists today are more integrated into the political arena than ever, and are voicing a broad spectrum of positions, including a vision of Islamic citizenship more inclusive of non-Muslims. Based on Islamist writings, political tracts, and interviews with Islamists—including members of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood and other important contemporary thinkers—this book looks closely at how modern, politically-oriented Egyptian Islamists perceive non-Muslims in an Islamic state and how non-Muslims respond. Clarifying the movement's aims, this work uncovers how Islamists have responded to the pressures of modernity, the degree to which the movement has been influenced by both a historical Islamic framework and Western modes of political thinking, and the necessity to reconsider the notion that secularism is a precondition for toleration.


Minority Rights Group International Report by N.A

Minority Rights Group International Report
  • Title : Minority Rights Group International Report
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt by Gawdat Gabra,Hany N. Takla

Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt
  • Title : Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt
  • Author : Gawdat Gabra,Hany N. Takla
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9774167775
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Christianity and monasticism have long flourished in the northern part of Upper Egypt and in the Nile Delta, from Beni Suef to the Mediterranean coast. The contributors to this volume, international specialists in Coptology from around the world, examine various aspects of Coptic civilization in northern Egypt over the past two millennia. The studies explore Coptic art and archaeology, architecture, language, and literature. The artistic heritage of monastic sites in the region is highlighted, attesting to their important legacies.


Traditional Egyptian Christianity by Theodore Hall Partrick

Traditional Egyptian Christianity
  • Title : Traditional Egyptian Christianity
  • Author : Theodore Hall Partrick
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9780965239608
  • Pages : 226
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Dissertation Abstracts International by N.A

Dissertation Abstracts International
  • Title : Dissertation Abstracts International
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume 5, Eastern Christianity by Michael Angold

The Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume 5, Eastern Christianity
  • Title : The Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume 5, Eastern Christianity
  • Author : Michael Angold
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0521811139
  • Pages : 722
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume encompasses the whole Christian Orthodox tradition from 1200 to the present. Its central theme is the survival of Orthodoxy against the odds into the modern era. It celebrates the resilience shown in the face of hostile regimes and social pressures in this often-neglected period of Orthodox history.


Sharing Sacred Spaces in the Mediterranean by Dionigi Albera,Maria Couroucli

Sharing Sacred Spaces in the Mediterranean
  • Title : Sharing Sacred Spaces in the Mediterranean
  • Author : Dionigi Albera,Maria Couroucli
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0253223172
  • Pages : 279
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

While devotional practices are usually viewed as mechanisms for reinforcing religious boundaries, in the multicultural, multiconfessional world of the Eastern Mediterranean, shared shrines sustain intercommunal and interreligious contact among groups. Heterodox, marginal, and largely ignored by central authorities, these practices persist despite aggressive, homogenizing nationalist movements. This volume challenges much of the received wisdom concerning the three major monotheistic religions and the "clash of civilizations." Contributors examine intertwined religious traditions along the shores of the Near East from North Africa to the Balkans.