Debating Brain Drain by Gillian Brock,Michael Blake

Debating Brain Drain
  • Title : Debating Brain Drain
  • Author : Gillian Brock,Michael Blake
  • Publisher : OUP Us
  • ISBN Code : 0199315620
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Many of the best and brightest citizens of developing countries choose to emigrate to wealthier societies, taking their skills and educations with them. What do these people owe to their societies of origin? May developing societies legitimately demand that their citizens use their skills to improve life for their fellow citizens? Are these societies ever permitted to prevent their own citizens from emigrating? These questions are increasingly important, as the gap between rich and poor societies widens, and as the global migration of skilled professionals intensifies. This volume addresses the ethical rights and responsibilities of such professionals, and of the societies in which they live. Gillian Brock and Michael Blake agree that the phenomenon of the brain drain is troubling, but offer distinct arguments about what might be permissibly done in response to this phenomenon.


Immigration and Democracy by Sarah Song

Immigration and Democracy
  • Title : Immigration and Democracy
  • Author : Sarah Song
  • Publisher : Oxford Political Theory
  • ISBN Code : 0190909226
  • Pages : 264
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Immigration is one of the most polarizing issues in contemporary politics. It raises questions about identity, economic well-being, the legitimacy of state power, and the boundaries of membership and justice. How should we think about immigration and what policies should democratic societies pursue? Some contend that borders should generally be open and people should be free to migrate in search of better lives. Others insist that governments have the right to unilaterally close their borders and should do so. In Immigration and Democracy, Sarah Song develops an intermediate ethical position that takes seriously both the claims of receiving countries and the claims of prospective migrants. She argues that political membership is morally significant, even if morally arbitrary. Political membership grounds particular rights and obligations, and a government may show some partiality toward the interests of its members. Yet, we also have universal obligations to those outside our orders. Where prospective migrants have urgent reasons to move, as in the case of refugees, their interests may trump the less weighty interests of members. What is required is not open or closed borders but open doors. An accessible ethical framework that clarifies and deepens the ideas with which members of democratic societies can debate immigration, Immigration and Democracy considers the implications of a realistically utopian theory for immigration law and policy.


Debating Education by Harry Brighouse,David Schmidtz

Debating Education
  • Title : Debating Education
  • Author : Harry Brighouse,David Schmidtz
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199300941
  • Pages : 248
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Debating Education puts two leading scholars in conversation with each other on the subject of education-specifically, what role, if any, markets should play in policy reform. The authors focus on the nature, function, and legitimate scope of voluntary exchange as a form of social relation, and how education raises concerns that are not at issue when it comes to trading relationships between consenting adults.


Debating Targeted Killing by Tamar Meisels,Jeremy Waldron

Debating Targeted Killing
  • Title : Debating Targeted Killing
  • Author : Tamar Meisels,Jeremy Waldron
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019090691X
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"In this "For & Against" book, Jeremy Waldron and Tamar Meisels defend competing positions on the legitimacy of targeted killing. The volume begins with a joint introduction, briefly setting out the terms of discussion, and presenting a short historical overview of the practice --i.e., what is targeted killing, and how has it been used in which conflicts and by whom. The debate opens with Meisels' defense of targeted killing as a legitimate and desirable defensive anti-terrorism strategy, in keeping with both just war theory and international law. Meisels unreservedly defends the named killing of irregular combatants, most notably terrorists, during armed conflict. Additionally, she offers a possible moral justification for rare instances of assassination outside that framework, specifically with reference to recent cases of nuclear scientists developing weapons of mass destruction for the Iranian and Syrian governments The debate continues with Waldron's arguments focusing on the dangers and the inherent wrongness of governments' having the right to maintain death lists-lists of named individuals who are to be hunted down and killed. Waldron notes the many differences between individualized targeting and ordinary combat and he resists the attempt to assimilate targeted killing to killings in combat. Waldron also cautions us to consider carefully what a world of targeted killings will be like, the many abuses it is liable to, and why we should be very cautious, morally and strategically, in our thinking about it"--


Debating Pornography by Andrew Altman,Lori Watson

Debating Pornography
  • Title : Debating Pornography
  • Author : Andrew Altman,Lori Watson
  • Publisher : Debating Ethics
  • ISBN Code : 0199358702
  • Pages : 338
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Since the sexual revolution of the 1960s, debates over pornography have raged, and the explosive spread in recent years of sexually explicit images across the Internet has only added more urgency to these disagreements. Politicians, judges, clergy, citizen activists, and academics have weighed in on the issues for decades, complicating notions about what precisely is at stake, and who stands to benefit or be harmed by pornography. This volume takes an unusual but radical approach by analyzing pornography philosophically. Philosophers Andrew Altman and Lori Watson recalibrate debates by viewing pornography from distinctly ethical platforms -- namely, does a person's right to produce and consume pornography supersede a person's right to protect herself from something often violent and deeply misogynistic? In a for-and-against format, Altman first argues that there is an individual right to create and view pornographic images, rooted in a basic right to sexual autonomy. Watson counteracts Altman's position by arguing that pornography inherently undermines women's equal status. Central to their disagreement is the question of whether pornography truly harms women enough to justify laws aimed at restricting the production and circulation of such material. Through this debate, the authors address key questions that have dogged both those who support and oppose pornography: What is pornography? What is the difference between the material widely perceived as objectionable and material that is merely erotic or suggestive? Do people have a right to sexual arousal? Does pornography, or some types of it, cause violence against women? How should rights be weighed against consequentialist considerations in deciding what laws and policies ought to be adopted? Bolstered by insights from philosophy and law, the two authors engage in a reasoned examination of questions that cannot be ignored by anyone who takes seriously the values of freedom and equality.


Debating Sex Work by Jessica Flanigan,Lori Watson

Debating Sex Work
  • Title : Debating Sex Work
  • Author : Jessica Flanigan,Lori Watson
  • Publisher : Debating Ethics
  • ISBN Code : 0190659882
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Prostitution is often referred to as "oldest profession." Critics of this expression redescribe it as "the oldest oppression." Debates about how best to understand and regulate prostitution are bound up with difficult moral, legal, and political questions. Indeed, it can be approached from numerous angles--is buying and selling sex fundamentally wrong? How can it possibly be regulated? How can sex workers be protected, if they are allowed to work at all? In this concise, for-and-against volume, ethicists Lori Watson and Jessica Flanigan engage with each other on the nature and consequences of sex work, revealing new and profound ways in which to understand it. The volume opens with a joint introduction, before Lori Watson first argues for a sex equality approach to prostitution in which buyers are criminalized and sellers are decriminalized, also known as the Nordic model. Watson defends the Nordic Model on the grounds that prostitution is an exploitative and unequal practice that only entrenches existing patterns of gendered injustice. Full decriminalization of prostitution only stymies existing occupational health and safety standards and securing worker autonomy and equality. Further, to Watson, drawing a distinction between sex trafficking and prostitution is irrelevant for public policy; what underpins them is demand, which fuels the inequalities of both. That is what needs to be addressed. In a rebuttal, Jessica Flanigan contends that sex work should be fully decriminalized because restrictions on the sale and purchase of sex violate the rights of sex workers and their clients. She argues that decriminalization is preferable to policies that could expose sex workers and their clients to criminal penalties, and leave them at the mercy of public officials. Putting these two views on sex work into conversation with one another, and opening up space for readers to weigh both approaches, the book provides a thorough, accessible exploration of the issues surrounding sex work, written with both sympathy and philosophical rigor.


Global Justice by Gillian Brock

Global Justice
  • Title : Global Justice
  • Author : Gillian Brock
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191552313
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Gillian Brock develops a viable cosmopolitan model of global justice that takes seriously the equal moral worth of persons, yet leaves scope for defensible forms of nationalism and for other legitimate identifications and affiliations people have. Brock addresses two prominent kinds of skeptic about global justice: those who doubt its feasibility and those who believe that cosmopolitanism interferes illegitimately with the defensible scope of nationalism by undermining goods of national importance, such as authentic democracy or national self-determination. The model addresses concerns about implementation in the world, showing how we can move from theory to public policy that makes progress toward global justice. It also makes clear how legitimate forms of nationalism are compatible with commitments to global justice. Global Justice is divided into three central parts. In the first, Brock defends a cosmopolitan model of global justice. In the second, which is largely concerned with public policy issues, she argues that there is much we can and should do toward achieving global justice. She addresses several pressing problems, discussing both theoretical and public policy issues involved with each. These include tackling global poverty, taxation reform, protection of basic liberties, humanitarian intervention, immigration, and problems associated with global economic arrangements. In the third part, she shows how the discussion of public policy issues can usefully inform our theorizing; in particular, it assists our thinking about the place of nationalism and equality in an account of global justice.


Give Us Your Best and Brightest by Devesh Kapur,John McHale

Give Us Your Best and Brightest
  • Title : Give Us Your Best and Brightest
  • Author : Devesh Kapur,John McHale
  • Publisher : Ctr for Global Development
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 246
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Examines the political and economic implications of migrant flows from a development perspective"--Provided by publisher.


Migration in Political Theory by Sarah Fine,Lea Ypi

Migration in Political Theory
  • Title : Migration in Political Theory
  • Author : Sarah Fine,Lea Ypi
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0191664316
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Written by an international team of leading political and legal theory scholars whose writings have contributed to shaping the field, Migration in Political Theory presents seminal new work on the ethics of movement and membership. The volume addresses challenging and under-researched themes on the subject of migration. It debates the question of whether we ought to recognize a human right to immigrate, and whether it might be legitimate to restrict emigration. The authors critically examine criteria for selecting would-be migrants, and for acquiring citizenship. They discuss tensions between the claims of immigrants and existing residents, and tackle questions of migrant worker exploitation and responsibility for refugees. The book illustrates the importance of drawing on the tools of political theory to clarify, criticize, and challenge the current terms of the migration debate.


Taxing the Brain Drain by Jagdish N. Bhagwati

Taxing the Brain Drain
  • Title : Taxing the Brain Drain
  • Author : Jagdish N. Bhagwati
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 514
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Debating the Ethics of Immigration by Christopher Heath Wellman,Phillip Cole

Debating the Ethics of Immigration
  • Title : Debating the Ethics of Immigration
  • Author : Christopher Heath Wellman,Phillip Cole
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199731721
  • Pages : 340
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Do states have the right to prevent potential immigrants from crossing their borders, or should people have the freedom to migrate and settle wherever they wish? Christopher Heath Wellman and Phillip Cole develop and defend opposing answers to this timely and important question. Appealing to the right to freedom of association, Wellman contends that legitimate states have broad discretion to exclude potential immigrants, even those who desperately seek to enter. Against this, Cole argues that the commitment to the moral equality of all human beings - which legitimate states can be expected to hold - means national borders must be open: equal respect requires equal access, both to territory and membership; and that the idea of open borders is less radical than it seems when we consider how many territorial and community boundaries have this open nature. In addition to engaging with each other's arguments, Wellman and Cole address a range of central questions and prominent positions on this topic. The authors therefore provide a critical overview of the major contributions to the ethics of migration, as well as developing original, provocative positions of their own.


Nurses on the Move by Mireille Kingma

Nurses on the Move
  • Title : Nurses on the Move
  • Author : Mireille Kingma
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1501726595
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

South African nurses care for patients in London, hospitals recruit Filipino nurses to Los Angeles, and Chinese nurses practice their profession in Ireland. In every industrialized country of the world, patients today increasingly find that the nurses who care for them come from a vast array of countries. In the first book on international nurse migration, Mireille Kingma investigates one of today's most important health care trends. The personal stories of migrant nurses that fill this book contrast the nightmarish existences of some with the successes of others. Health systems in industrialized countries now depend on nurses from the developing world to address their nursing shortages. This situation raises a host of thorny questions. What causes nurses to decide to migrate? Is this migration voluntary or in some way coerced? When developing countries are faced with nurse vacancy rates of more than 40 percent, is recruitment by industrialized countries fair play in a competitive market or a new form of colonialization? What happens to these workers—and the patients left behind—when they migrate? What safeguards will protect nurses and the patients they find in their new workplaces? Highlighting the complexity of the international rules and regulations now being constructed to facilitate the lucrative trade in human services, Kingma presents a new way to think about the migration of skilled health-sector labor as well as the strategies needed to make migration work for individuals, patients, and the health systems on which they depend.


Strangers in Our Midst by David Miller Miller

Strangers in Our Midst
  • Title : Strangers in Our Midst
  • Author : David Miller Miller
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0674969804
  • Pages : 228
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How should democracies respond to the millions who want to settle in their societies? David Miller’s analysis reframes immigration as a question of political philosophy. Acknowledging the impact on host countries, he defends the right of states to control their borders and decide the future size, shape, and cultural make-up of their populations.


Immigration Justice by Peter Higgins

Immigration Justice
  • Title : Immigration Justice
  • Author : Peter Higgins
  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0748670270
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What moral standards ought nation-states abide by when selecting immigration policies? Peter Higgins argues that immigration policies can only be judged by considering the inequalities that are produced by the institutions - such as gender, race and class - that constitute our social world.Higgins challenges conventional positions on immigration justice, including the view that states have a right to choose whatever immigration policies they like, or that all immigration restrictions ought to be eliminated and borders opened. Rather than suggesting one absolute solution, he argues that a unique set of immigration policies will be just for each country. He concludes with concrete recommendations for policymaking.


Moral Principles and Political Obligations by A. John Simmons

Moral Principles and Political Obligations
  • Title : Moral Principles and Political Obligations
  • Author : A. John Simmons
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780691020198
  • Pages : 236
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Outlining the major competing theories in the history of political and moral philosophy--from Locke and Hume through Hart, Rawls, and Nozick--John Simmons attempts to understand and solve the ancient problem of political obligation. Under what conditions and for what reasons (if any), he asks, are we morally bound to obey the law and support the political institutions of our countries?


The Ethics of Immigration by Joseph Carens

The Ethics of Immigration
  • Title : The Ethics of Immigration
  • Author : Joseph Carens
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199933839
  • Pages : 364
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Eminent political theorist Joseph Carens tests the limits of democratic theory in the realm of immigration, arguing that any acceptable immigration policy must be based on moral principles even if it conflicts with the will of the majority.


Competing for Global Talent by Manolo I. Abella,International Labour Office

Competing for Global Talent
  • Title : Competing for Global Talent
  • Author : Manolo I. Abella,International Labour Office
  • Publisher : International Labour Organization
  • ISBN Code : 9789290147763
  • Pages : 275
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Global talent has never been more mobile or sought after. A complex phenomenon that takes many forms, the movement of people with skills includes migrants crossing borders for temporary stays abroad as well as settlement, students moving for degrees and temporary and permanent stays, and even tourists and refugees who decide to stay abroad and use their skills. Countries attracting global talent increase their stock of human and technological skills, and in the past decade many have welcomed foreign professionals and students to redress domestic skill shortages and to quicken economic growth. This book includes general and theoretical papers on skilled migration and also papers on the country experiences of Australia, India, Japan, Singapore, the United Kingdom, and the United States. It addresses the socio-economic and cultural challenges created by increased mobility in a world where globalizing and localizing forces are at work simultaneously


Justice and Foreign Policy by Michael Blake

Justice and Foreign Policy
  • Title : Justice and Foreign Policy
  • Author : Michael Blake
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199552002
  • Pages : 135
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The book is an argument about the moral foundations of foreign policy. It argues that the traditional idea of liberal equality can be interpreted so as to give moral guidance to policy leaders in understanding what they ought to seek internationally.


Moving for Prosperity: Global Migration and Labor Markets by The World Bank

Moving for Prosperity: Global Migration and Labor Markets
  • Title : Moving for Prosperity: Global Migration and Labor Markets
  • Author : The World Bank
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code : 1464812829
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis by Jean-Michel Lafleur,Mikolaj Stanek

South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
  • Title : South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
  • Author : Jean-Michel Lafleur,Mikolaj Stanek
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 331939763X
  • Pages : 224
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This open access book looks at the migration of Southern European EU citizens (from Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece) who move to Northern European Member States (Belgium, France, Germany, United Kingdom) in response to the global economic crisis. Its objective is twofold. First, it identifies the scale and nature of this new Southern European emigration and examines these migrants’ socio-economic integration in Northern European destination countries. This is achieved through an analysis of the most recent data on flows and profiles of this new labour force using sending-country and receiving-country databases. Second, it looks at the politics and policies of immigration, both from the perspective of the sending- and receiving-countries. Analysing the policies and debates about these new flows in the home and host countries’ this book shows how contentious the issue of intra-EU mobility has recently become in the context of the crisis when the right for EU citizens to move within the EU had previously not been questioned for decades. Overall, the strength of this edited volume is that it compiles in a systematic way quantitative and qualitative analysis of these renewed Southern European migration flows and draws the lessons from this changing climate on EU migration.


International Migration, Economic Development & Policy by Maurice Schiff,aglar zden

International Migration, Economic Development & Policy
  • Title : International Migration, Economic Development & Policy
  • Author : Maurice Schiff,aglar zden
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code : 9780821369364
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

International migration has become acentral element of international relations and global integration due to its rapidly increasing economic, social, and cultural impact in both source and destination countries. This book provides new evidence on the impact of migration and remittances on several development indicators, including innovative thinking about thenexus between migration and birth rates. In addition, the book identifies the effect of host country policies on migration flows, examines the determinants of return and repeat migration, and explores the degree of success of return migrants upon return to their country of origin.


Migration and Development by Asmita Naik,Jobst Koehler,Frank Laczko,International Organization for Migration

Migration and Development
  • Title : Migration and Development
  • Author : Asmita Naik,Jobst Koehler,Frank Laczko,International Organization for Migration
  • Publisher : United Nations Publications
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 113
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Policy coherence between migration and development agendas is of increasing interest in current times; there is growing recognition that migration policies should support rather than hinder investment in international development. The United Nations High-Level Dialogue of September 2006 and the Global Forum on Migration and Development of July 2007 both raised the attention given to this issue. Now that the interface between migration and development has been recognized, the challenge is to turn this interest into working-level policies and programmes. The aim of this study is to build on existing international research and take the analysis to the next higher level showing how these connections can be made in practice. Policy makers often focus on remittances as the main means of translating the migration-development nexus into reality. However, this paper shows that there are many stages in the migration cycle, from departure to return and reintegration back home, that present opportunities to make migration more "development friendly" and, conversely, to raise development awareness of migration factors.


Cosmopolitanism Versus Non-Cosmopolitanism by Gillian Brock

Cosmopolitanism Versus Non-Cosmopolitanism
  • Title : Cosmopolitanism Versus Non-Cosmopolitanism
  • Author : Gillian Brock
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199678421
  • Pages : 331
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume demonstrates that the debate between cosmopolitans and non-cosmopolitans has become increasingly sophisticated. It advances the discussion on many of the questions over which cosmopolitans and non-cosmopolitans continue to disagree.


Migration of Health Workers by World Health Organization

Migration of Health Workers
  • Title : Migration of Health Workers
  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9789241507141
  • Pages : 214
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The adoption by WHO's Member States of the Global Code of Practice in the International Recruitment of Health Personnel, and the implementation of it by so many countries, represent two of the biggest steps in recent years towards solving the shortage of health-care workers around the world. The countries' response has been a momentous achievement. Now, a third big step is being taken with the publication of this book. It underlines WHO's unwavering commitment to supporting the implementation of the Code and provides a wide range of detailed examples from the countries themselves of how they are tackling the many complex issues involved. It provides not just numerous insights into progress but also gives other countries valuable guidance and recommendations on how they, too, can implement the Code. Countries are encouraged to learn from the shared experiences, domestic solutions and multi-lateral cooperation described in this book, and move ahead to support and advance the Code's aspirational principles. By doing so, they also strengthen the campaign towards Universal Health Care - a campaign that requires innovative solutions to the health workforce shortage in order to be successful. The crux of the Code is the development of human resources for health through all aspects of education, improved retention and fair recruitment practices while encouraging technical collaboration and financial support. WHO is playing a leading role in these initiatives and stands ready to assist all its Member States in implementing the Code. We strongly recommend this book to health policy-makers and decision-takers in governments, nongovernmental organizations and other partners and stakeholders, including civil society. They will find it an indispensable guide to a better future for health-care personnel and the people they serve.


International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain by Maurice Schiff,aglar zden

International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain
  • Title : International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain
  • Author : Maurice Schiff,aglar zden
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code : 9780821363744
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

International migration, the movement of people across international boundaries, has enormous economic, social and cultural implications in both origin and destination countries. Using original research, this title examines the determinants of migration, the impact of remittances and migration on poverty, welfare, and investment decisions, and the consequences of brain drain, brain gain, and brain waste.


America Abroad by Stephen G. Brooks,William Wohlforth

America Abroad
  • Title : America Abroad
  • Author : Stephen G. Brooks,William Wohlforth
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190464259
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A decade of exhausting wars, punishing economic setbacks, fast-rising rivals and unrealized global aspirations has called America's global role into question as never before. Will the US long continue to be the only superpower in the international system? Should it sustain the world-shaping grand strategy it's followed since the dawn of the Cold War? While opinions on answers to these questions are common, answers grounded in scholarship are hard to find given the lack of data and theory relevant to the 21st century. In America Abroad, Stephen Brooks and William Wohlforth, two of the nation's leading international relations scholars, fill this gap with a bracing assessment of contemporary America's shifting global role. They show that United States' position as a peerless superpower will be secure long into the future, and turn to the most pressing grand strategic question of the day: How would America's interests fare if the United States decided to disengage from the world? Their answer runs counter to a rising chorus of calls from many academics and policy makers for US the "come home": retrenchment would put core US security and economic interests at risk. America Abroad is not, however, an unalloyed endorsement for the foreign policy status quo. By providing a new way to think about the United States' position in the world, Brooks and Wohlforth move beyond the unrealistic dichotomies that characterize much of the contemporary debate. Although rise of China will not soon end America's career as the sole superpower, it is a significant shift that alters the strategic landscape and demands adjustments. The authors develop a distinct position in the evolving debate on US foreign policy, now torn between calls for a more expansive style of global leadership that seeks to remake the world in America's image and demands for it to retrench and leave the world's troubles behind. Their findings support America remaining globally engaged but focusing on three objectives that have been at the core of US foreign policy since the Cold War's dawn: reducing great power rivalry and security competition in Europe, East Asia, and the Middle East; fostering economic globalization; and sustaining institutionalized cooperation that advances America's interests. Combining insightful analysis and accessible prose, America Abroad will force us to rethink our assumptions about the nature and utility of US power in the global arena.


The Brain Drain of Health Professionals from Sub-Saharan Africa to Canada by Ronald N. Labonte

The Brain Drain of Health Professionals from Sub-Saharan Africa to Canada
  • Title : The Brain Drain of Health Professionals from Sub-Saharan Africa to Canada
  • Author : Ronald N. Labonte
  • Publisher : Inst for Democracy in South Africa
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 83
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

One of the critical challenges facing Africa is how to harness the potential of internal and international migration in the interests of development. The Southern African Migration Project (SAMP) is an international network of organizations founded in 1996 to promote awareness of migration-development linkages in SADC. SAMP conducts applied research on migration and development issues, provides policy advice and expertise, offers training in migration policy and management, and conducts public education campaigns on migration-related issues. The Brain Drain of Health Professionals from Sub-Saharan Africa to Canada, No 2 in the African Migration and Development Series, attempts to answer the question "how" the brain drain can be reduced, acknowledging that it can best be done through concerted efforts from both sides -Sub-Saharan African countries and Canada.


International Migration Statistics by Richard E. Bilsborrow,Graeme Hugo,Development Population Affairs Officer Hania Zlotnik,Amarjit S. Oberai,Professor of Geography Graeme Hugo

International Migration Statistics
  • Title : International Migration Statistics
  • Author : Richard E. Bilsborrow,Graeme Hugo,Development Population Affairs Officer Hania Zlotnik,Amarjit S. Oberai,Professor of Geography Graeme Hugo
  • Publisher : International Labour Organization
  • ISBN Code : 9789221095170
  • Pages : 441
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This work examines the role played by the state and private sectors in organizing labour migration, and the economic and social issues raised by such migration policies and programmes. It explores the question of whether, and how, migrant workers should be controlled and regulated to safeguard the interests of the sending state without infringing the basic rights of the individual.


State, Society and Information Technology in Asia by Alan Chong,Faizal Bin Yahya

State, Society and Information Technology in Asia
  • Title : State, Society and Information Technology in Asia
  • Author : Alan Chong,Faizal Bin Yahya
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317050282
  • Pages : 248
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Many maintain that the arrival of computers networked across sovereign borders and physical barriers is a liberating force that will produce a global dialogue of liberal hues but this book argues that this dominant paradigm needs to be supplemented by the perspective of alterity in the impact of Information Technology in different regions. Local experts draw upon a range of Asian cases to demonstrate how alterity, defined here as a condition of privileging the hitherto marginal and subterranean aspects of a capitalist world order through the capabilities of information and communications technologies, offers an alternative to the paradigm of inevitable material advances and political liberalization. Calling attention to the unique social and political uses being made of IT in Asia in the service of offline and online causes predominantly filtered by pre-existing social milieus the contributors examine the multiple dimensions of Asian differences in the sociology and politics of IT and show how present trends suggest that advanced electronic media will not necessarily be embraced in a smooth, unilinear fashion throughout Asia. This book will appeal to any reader interested in the nexus between society and IT in Asia.


Ethics and World Politics by Duncan Bell

Ethics and World Politics
  • Title : Ethics and World Politics
  • Author : Duncan Bell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199548625
  • Pages : 440
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The book opens with a discussion of different methods and approaches employed to study the subject, including analytical political theory, post-structuralism and critical theory. It then surveys some of the most prominent perspectives on global ethics, including cosmopolitanism, communitarianism of various kinds, theories of international society, realism, postcolonialism, feminism, and green political thought. Part III examines a variety of more specific issues, including immigration, democracy, human rights, the just war tradition and its critics, international law, and global poverty and inequality. -- Publisher description.


Family Values by Kelly Oliver

Family Values
  • Title : Family Values
  • Author : Kelly Oliver
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780415913669
  • Pages : 259
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Family Values offers groundbreaking analyses of age-old conceptions of maternity and paternity, woman and man, nature and culture, and subjectivity and ethics. Kelly Oliver shows how the contradictions within Western conceptions of maternity and paternity problematize our conceptions of ourselves and our relationships with others. Family Values overturns our traditional association of maternity with nature and paternity with culture. In reconceiving maternity and paternity, Oliver undercuts the recent return of the rhetoric of a "battle between the sexes" and offers hope for a truce. By engaging the work of such thinkers as Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Sartre, Levinas, Derrida, Kristeva, Kofman, and Irigaray, Oliver suggests an innovative approach to ethics and questions of value. This volume will be of interest to readers in the fields of women's studies, feminist theory, philosophy, literary criticism, and cultural studies-- BOOK JACKET.


The Demographic Benefit of International Migration by Philippe Fargues

The Demographic Benefit of International Migration
  • Title : The Demographic Benefit of International Migration
  • Author : Philippe Fargues
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 37
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The view that international migration has no impact on the size of world population is a sensible one. But the author argues, migration from developing to more industrial countries during the past decades may have resulted in a smaller world population than the one which would have been attained had no international migration taken place for two reasons: most of recent migration has been from high to low birth-rate countries, and migrants typically adopt and send back to their home countries models and ideas that prevail in host countries. Thus, migrants are potential agents of the diffusion of demographic modernity, that is, the reduction of birth rates among nonmigrant communities left behind in origin countries. This hypothesis is tested with data from Morocco and Turkey where most emigrants are bound for the West, and Egypt where they are bound for the Gulf. The demographic differentials encountered through migration in these three countries offer contrasted situations-host countries are either more (the West) or less (the Gulf) advanced in their demographic transition than the home country. Assuming migration changes the course of demographic transition in origin countries, the author posits that it should work in two opposite directions-speeding it up in Morocco and Turkey and slowing it down in Egypt. Empirical evidence confirms this hypothesis. Time series of birth rates and migrant remittances (reflecting the intensity of the relationship kept by emigrants with their home country) are strongly correlated with each other. Correlation is negative for Morocco and Turkey, and positive for Egypt. This suggests that Moroccan and Turkish emigration to Europe has been accompanied by a fundamental change of attitudes regarding marriage and birth, while Egyptian migration to the Gulf has not brought home innovative attitudes in this domain, but rather material resources for the achievement of traditional family goals. Other data suggest that emigration has fostered education in Morocco and Turkey but not in Egypt. And as has been found in the literature, education is the single most important determinant of demographic transition among nonmigrant populations in migrants' regions of origin. Two broader conclusions are drawn. First, the acceleration of the demographic transition in Morocco and Turkey is correlated with migration to Europe, a region where low birth-rates is the dominant pattern. This suggests that international migration may have produced a global demographic benefit under the form of a relaxation of demographic pressures for the world as a whole. Second, if it turns out that emigrants are conveyors of new ideas in matters related with family and education, then the same may apply to a wider range of civil behavior.


The Migration-development Nexus by Ninna Nyberg Sørensen,Nicholas Van Hear

The Migration-development Nexus
  • Title : The Migration-development Nexus
  • Author : Ninna Nyberg Sørensen,Nicholas Van Hear
  • Publisher : International Organization for Migration
  • ISBN Code : 9789290681571
  • Pages : 317
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Provides a state of the art overview of current thinking and available evidence on the migration-development nexus, including the role of aid in migrant producing areas and offers evidence and conclusions related to four critical issues - poverty & migration; conflicts refugees and migration; migrants as a development resource; aid and migration. [from publisher's advertisement]


Inventor Data for Research on Migration and Innovation: A Survey and a Pilot by World Intellectual Property Organization,Stefano Breschi,Francesco Lissoni,Gianluca Tarasconi

Inventor Data for Research on Migration and Innovation: A Survey and a Pilot
  • Title : Inventor Data for Research on Migration and Innovation: A Survey and a Pilot
  • Author : World Intellectual Property Organization,Stefano Breschi,Francesco Lissoni,Gianluca Tarasconi
  • Publisher : WIPO
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 36
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This paper discusses the existing literature on migration and innovation, with special emphasis on empirical studies based on patent and inventor data. Other sources of micro-data are examined, too, for comparative purposes. A pilot database, based on patent filings at the European Patent Office is presented. It contains information on individual inventors, including their country of residence and of origin. Preliminary evidence suggests that immigrant inventors contribute to innovation not only in the United States, but also in selected European countries, where they often rank among the most productive individuals.


Migration and the United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda by United Nations

Migration and the United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda
  • Title : Migration and the United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda
  • Author : United Nations
  • Publisher : United Nations Publications
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 137
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

As the target date for the MDG nears in 2015, the international community is faced with both the challenge and the opportunity of formulating the next global development agenda. Although migration was not factored into the MDGs, it plays an integral role in the most crucial development questions facing the world today, including: how to generate inclusive growth and create employment for a growing world population; how to manage new global risks, such as vulnerability to shocks and disasters, and adaptation to climate change; and how to mobilise financing for development in a world of decreasing aid budgets. This publication gathers together recent research findings outlining the links between migration and development and proposing how migration can best be factored into the future development framework, offering a timely contribution to the argument for migration's inclusion in the coming development agenda.


Choice and Consent by Rosemary Hunter,Sharon Cowan

Choice and Consent
  • Title : Choice and Consent
  • Author : Rosemary Hunter,Sharon Cowan
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1135331197
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This current and timely volume presents new thinking and new directions in feminist legal scholarship. Rethinking key concepts in legal feminism, Cowan and Hunter provide a unique examination of key socio-legal concepts in law, jurisprudence and legal and political theory. Written by an international cast of contributors, offering different cultural perspectives as well as doctrinal and theoretical knowledge, this collection of essays presents a dialogue between different feminist positions and approaches to a common theme. It addresses a range of questions, including: Can 'consent' be rethought and infused with different meanings in a post-liberal feminist politics? Can the concepts of 'choice' and 'consent' have consistent meanings and functions between different areas of law, or whether they prove to be highly contingent when viewed across the broad field of law. Exploring the deeply gendered concepts of ‘choice’ and ‘consent’ and examining the philosophical and jurisprudential issues surrounding them as well as how ‘choice’ and ‘consent’ operate in particular areas of law, including criminal law, medical law, constitutional law, employment law, family law and civil procedure, this volume is a key resource for postgraduate law students studying jurisprudence.


Governing the Ungovernable by Ishrat Husain

Governing the Ungovernable
  • Title : Governing the Ungovernable
  • Author : Ishrat Husain
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780199408979
  • Pages : 568
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Pakistan, since its independence in 1947, had to face tumultuous years for the first four decades. Despite the many challenges, both internal and external, the country was able to register a 6 per cent average annual growth rate during the first forty years of its existence. The country was ahead of India and Bangladesh in all economic and social indicators. Since 1990, the country has fallen behind its neighbouring countries and has had a decline in the growth rate. This book attempts to examine the reasons behind this slowdown, the volatile and inequitable growth of the last twenty-five years, and through a process of theoretical and empirical evidence argues that the most powerful explanatory hypothesis lies in the decay of institutions of governance. It also suggests a selective and incremental approach of restructuring some key public institutions that pertain to accountability, transparency, security, economic growth, and equity.


Elites, Minorities and Economic Growth by Elise S. Brezis,Peter Temin

Elites, Minorities and Economic Growth
  • Title : Elites, Minorities and Economic Growth
  • Author : Elise S. Brezis,Peter Temin
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9780444828484
  • Pages : 255
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Hardbound. This book examines the relationship between elites, minorities, and economic growth. The novelty of the book lies in its focus on the interaction between social and economic changes during economic growth. This is an undeveloped subject because it crosses disciplinary lines. The first part of the book contains essays on the role of economic and political elites in America, Europe and the Middle East. The second part of the book contains essays on the role of minorities in past and present industrialization in Europe and Asia. And the final part contains more theoretical approaches that build on the historical essays earlier in the volume.Elites, Minorities and Economic Growth is particularly useful for macroeconomists interested in economic growth, economic historians, sociologists interested in elites, minorities and social mobility and historians of industrialization and economic growth.


Marxism, Morality, and Social Justice by Rodney G. Peffer

Marxism, Morality, and Social Justice
  • Title : Marxism, Morality, and Social Justice
  • Author : Rodney G. Peffer
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 140086089X
  • Pages : 542
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The interpreter of Marx's writings faces the task of reconciling, on the one hand, Marx's frequent explicit condemnations and criticisms of morality and, on the other, the obvious way in which his world-view reflects substantive moral judgments. In this book R. G. Peffer tackles the challenges of finding in Marx's work an implicit moral theory, of answering claims that Marxism is incompatible with morality, and of developing the outlines of an adequate Marxist moral and social theory. Peffer analyzes the moral components of Marx's thought and considers all the major interpretations of his moral perspective; he concludes that Marx is a mixed deontologist who is most committed to a maximum system of equal freedoms, both positive and negative. He then utilizes contemporary metaethical theory to show that Marxism is compatible with morality in general and with the concepts of justice and rights in particular. Peffer proposes a radically egalitarian theory of social justice (which subsumes Marx's own moral theory) and a minimal set of Marxist empirical theses, which together entail the Marxist's basic normative political positions. This book demonstrates that contemporary analytic political philosophy is invaluable for coming to terms with Marxism and that it is only Marx's less abstract empirical theories about classes and class struggle, the dysfunctions of capitalism, and the possibility of creating democratic, self-managing postcapitalist societies that are needed for the development of an adequate Marxist moral and social theory. Originally published in 1990. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.


The Ethics and Politics of Immigration by Alex Sager

The Ethics and Politics of Immigration
  • Title : The Ethics and Politics of Immigration
  • Author : Alex Sager
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781783486120
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume provides an overview of the main themes and developments in the ethics of immigration.