Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Mental Disorders

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Diagnosing the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Diagnosing the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429912676
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Diagnosing the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by Summary

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, more commonly known as the DSM, is published by the American Psychiatric Association and aims to list and describe all mental disorders. The publication of DSM-V in 2013 brought many changes. Diagnosing the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is written for all those who wonder whether the DSM-V now classifies the right people in the right way. It is aimed at patients, mental health professionals, and academics with an interest in mental health. Issues addressed include: What are the main changes that have been made to the classification? How is the DSM affected by financial links with the pharmaceutical industry? To what extent were patients involved in revising the classification? How are diagnoses added to the DSM? Does medicalisation threaten the idea that anyone is normal? What happens when changes to diagnostic criteria mean that people lose their diagnoses? How important will the DSM be in the future?

Making the DSM-5

Making the DSM-5 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joel Paris,James Phillips
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461465044
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Making the DSM-5 by Joel Paris,James Phillips Summary

In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association published the 5th edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Often referred to as the “bible” of psychiatry, the manual only classifies mental disorders and does not explain them or guide their treatment. While science should be the basis of any diagnostic system, to date, there is no knowledge on whether most conditions listed in the manual are true diseases. Moreover, in DSM-5 the overall definition of mental disorder is weak, failing to distinguish psychopathology from normality. In spite of all the progress that has been made in neuroscience over the last few decades, the psychiatric community is no closer to understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of mental disorders than it was fifty years ago. In Making the DSM-5, prominent experts delve into the debate about psychiatric nosology and examine the conceptual and pragmatic issues underlying the new manual. While retracing the historic controversy over DSM, considering the political context and economic impact of the manual, and focusing on what was revised or left unchanged in the new edition, this timely volume addresses the main concerns of the future of psychiatry and questions whether the DSM legacy can truly improve the specialty and advance its goals.


DSM Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Allan V. Horwitz
Editor: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421440709
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DSM by Allan V. Horwitz Summary

This comprehensive treatment should appeal to not only specialists but anyone who is interested in how diagnoses of mental illness have evolved over the past seven decades—from unwanted and often imposed labels to resources that lead to valued mental health treatments and social services.

DSM-5 Insanely Simplified

DSM-5 Insanely Simplified Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Steven Buser, MD,Leonard Cruz, MD
Editor: Chiron Publications
ISBN: 1630512095
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DSM-5 Insanely Simplified by Steven Buser, MD,Leonard Cruz, MD Summary

The release of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Version 5 (DSM-5) marked one of the biggest changes to the field of mental health diagnosis in over 20 years. DSM-5 Insanely Simplified provides a summary of key concepts of the new diagnostic schema including a section on the upcoming ICD-10. DSM-5 Insanely Simplified utilizes a variety of devices to help clinicians memorize complex criteria and ideas about the different diagnoses. Cartoons, mnemonic devices, and summary tables allow clinicians and students to quickly grasp and retain broad concepts and subtle nuances related to psychiatric diagnosis. DSM-5 Insanely Simplified fosters quick mastery of the most important concepts introduced in DSM-5 while offering an entirely new way of looking at mental health along a continuum. This new approach avoids simply "labeling" clients by placing them along spectrums that range from normal to problematic symptoms. Mental health professionals as well as laymen interested in a deeper understanding of emotional well-being will appreciate the synthesis of deep psychology and modern approaches to diagnosis. Steven Buser trained in medicine at Duke University and served 12 years as a physician in the US Air Force. He is a graduate of the two-year Clinical Training Program at the CG Jung Institute of Chicago and is a co-founder of the Asheville Jung Center. In addition to a busy psychiatric private practice he serves as Publisher for Chiron Publications. He is active in the community and strives to integrate faith and spirituality into psychotherapy. He resides in the mountains in Asheville, NC with his wife and two children. Len Cruz is the Editor-in-Chief of Chiron Publications, a book publishing company specializing in psychology, mythology, religion, and culture and a co-founder of the Asheville Jung Center. He is a psychiatrist who resides in Western North Carolina. Luke Sloan was a 5th grade student in Asheville, NC when he completed the illustrations for this book. When he's not drawing, Luke enjoys playing soccer, reading books, snow-skiing, and just plain having fun!

What Psychiatry Left Out of the DSM-5

What Psychiatry Left Out of the DSM-5 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edward Shorter
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317568729
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What Psychiatry Left Out of the DSM-5 by Edward Shorter Summary

Choice Recommended Read What Psychiatry Left Out of the DSM-5: Historical Mental Disorders Today covers the diagnoses that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) failed to include, along with diagnoses that should not have been included, but were. Psychiatry as a field is over two centuries old and over that time has gathered great wisdom about mental illnesses. Today, much of that knowledge has been ignored and we have diagnoses such as "schizophrenia" and "bipolar disorder" that do not correspond to the diseases found in nature; we have also left out disease labels that on a historical basis may be real. Edward Shorter proposes a history-driven alternative to the DSM.

The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity

The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: C. Steven Richards,Michael W. O'Hara
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199389616
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The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity by C. Steven Richards,Michael W. O'Hara Summary

Depression is frequently associated with other psychiatric disorders and is often related to chronic health problems. Depressive symptoms are also common in chronically distressed close relationships and severe interpersonal difficulties in families and at work. The topic of depressive comorbidity is clearly very important, and while recent research in this area has been methodologically sophisticated, well presented, and inherently interesting, there has not been a comprehensive, academic resource that covers recent developments in this area. The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity brings together scholarly contributions from world-class researchers to present a careful and empirically based review of depressive comorbidity. Cutting-edge chapters address theory, research, and practice, while capturing the diversity, evidence-base, and importance of depressive comorbidity. Specific topics include the comorbidity between depression and PTSD, alcohol use, and eating, anxiety, panic, bipolar, personality, and sleep disorders, as well as schizophrenia, suicide, cardiovascular disease, cancer, pain, obesity, intimate relationships, and many more. The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity is a unique and much-needed resource that will be helpful to a broad range of researchers and practitioners including clinical and counseling psychologists, psychiatrists, marital and family therapists, social workers, and counselors working in mental-health and general health-care settings, as well as students in these areas.

Classifying Madness

Classifying Madness Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rachel Cooper
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402033451
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Classifying Madness by Rachel Cooper Summary

This book is about the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, more commonly known as the D.S.M. The D.S.M. is published by the American Psychiatric Association and aims to list and describe all mental disorders. Within its pages can be found diagnostic criteria for types of depression, types of schizophrenia, eating disorders, anxiety disorders, phobias, sleeping disorders, and so on. Also included are less familiar, and more controversial, conditions: Mathematics Disorder, Caffeine Intoxication, Nicotine Dependence, Nightmare Disorder. It must be admitted that the D.S.M. is not an exciting read. Its pages follow a standard format: Each disorder has a numerical code. This is followed by a description of the disorder, which includes information regarding prevalence, course, and differential diagnosis. Finally explicit criteria that patients must meet to receive the diagnosis are listed. These generally include lists of the symptoms that must be present, restrictions as to the length of time that the symptoms must have been troublesome, and clauses that state that the symptoms must not be better accounted for by some other condition.

A Research Agenda For DSM V

A Research Agenda For DSM V Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David J. Kupfer,Michael B. First,Darrel A. Regier
Editor: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585627720
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A Research Agenda For DSM V by David J. Kupfer,Michael B. First,Darrel A. Regier Summary

In the ongoing quest to improve our psychiatric diagnostic system, we are now searching for new approaches to understanding the etiological and pathophysiological mechanisms that can improve the validity of our diagnoses and the consequent power of our preventive and treatment interventions -- venturing beyond the current DSM paradigm and DSM-IV framework. This thought-provoking volume -- produced as a partnership between the American Psychiatric Association, the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and the National Institute on Drug Abuse -- represents a far-reaching attempt to stimulate research and discussion in the field in preparation for the eventual start of the DSM-V process, still several years hence. The book Explores a variety of basic nomenclature issues, including the desirability of rating the quality and quantity of information available to support the different disorders in the DSM in order to indicate the disparity of empirical support across the diagnostic system. Offers a neuroscience research agenda to guide development of a pathophysiologically based classification for DSM-V, which reviews genetic, brain imaging, postmortem, and animal model research and includes strategic insights for a new research agenda. Presents highlights of recent progress in developmental neuroscience, genetics, psychology, psychopathology, and epidemiology, using a bioecological perspective to focus on the first two decades of life, when rapid changes in behavior, emotion and cognition occur. Discusses how to address two important gaps in the current DSM-IV: (1) the categorical method of diagnosing personality disorders and their relationship with Axis I disorders, and (2) the limited provision for the diagnosis of relational disorders -- suggesting a research agenda for personality disorders that considers replacing the current categorical approach with a dimensional classification of personality. Reevaluates the relationship between mental disorders and disability, asserting that research into disability and impairment would benefit from the diagnosis of mental disorders be uncoupled from a requirement for impairment or disability to foster a more vigorous research agenda on the etiologies, courses, and treatment of mental disorders as well as disabilities and to avert unintended consequences of delayed diagnosis and treatment. Examines the importance of culture in psychopathology and the main cultural variables at play in the diagnostic process, stating that training present and future professionals in the need to include cultural factors in the diagnostic process is a logical step in any attempt to develop comprehensive research programs in psychology, psychiatry, and related disciplines. This fascinating work, with contributions from an international group of research investigators, reaches into the core of psychiatry, providing invaluable background and insights for all psychology and psychiatry professionals -- food for thought and further research that will be relevant for years to come.

Irreversible Damage

Irreversible Damage Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Abigail Shrier
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1684510465
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Irreversible Damage by Abigail Shrier Summary

NAMED A BOOK OF THE YEAR BY THE ECONOMIST AND ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF 2021 BY THE TIMES AND THE SUNDAY TIMES "Irreversible Damage . . . has caused a storm. Abigail Shrier, a Wall Street Journal writer, does something simple yet devastating: she rigorously lays out the facts." —Janice Turner, The Times of London Until just a few years ago, gender dysphoria—severe discomfort in one’s biological sex—was vanishingly rare. It was typically found in less than .01 percent of the population, emerged in early childhood, and afflicted males almost exclusively. But today whole groups of female friends in colleges, high schools, and even middle schools across the country are coming out as “transgender.” These are girls who had never experienced any discomfort in their biological sex until they heard a coming-out story from a speaker at a school assembly or discovered the internet community of trans “influencers.” Unsuspecting parents are awakening to find their daughters in thrall to hip trans YouTube stars and “gender-affirming” educators and therapists who push life-changing interventions on young girls—including medically unnecessary double mastectomies and puberty blockers that can cause permanent infertility. Abigail Shrier, a writer for the Wall Street Journal, has dug deep into the trans epidemic, talking to the girls, their agonized parents, and the counselors and doctors who enable gender transitions, as well as to “detransitioners”—young women who bitterly regret what they have done to themselves. Coming out as transgender immediately boosts these girls’ social status, Shrier finds, but once they take the first steps of transition, it is not easy to walk back. She offers urgently needed advice about how parents can protect their daughters. A generation of girls is at risk. Abigail Shrier’s essential book will help you understand what the trans craze is and how you can inoculate your child against it—or how to retrieve her from this dangerous path.

Epigenetics in Psychiatry

Epigenetics in Psychiatry Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jacob Peedicayil,Dennis R. Grayson,Dimitri Avramopoulos
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128235780
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Epigenetics in Psychiatry by Jacob Peedicayil,Dennis R. Grayson,Dimitri Avramopoulos Summary

Epigenetics in Psychiatry, Second Edition covers all major areas of psychiatry in which extensive epigenetic research has been performed, fully encompassing a diverse and maturing field, including drug addiction, bipolar disorder, epidemiology, cognitive disorders, and the uses of putative epigenetic-based psychotropic drugs. Uniquely, each chapter correlates epigenetics with relevant advances across genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics. The book acts as a catalyst for further research in this growing area of psychiatry. This new edition has been fully revised to address recent advances in epigenetic understanding of psychiatric disorders, evoking data consortia (e.g., CommonMind, ATAC-seq), single cell analysis, and epigenome-wide association studies to empower new research. The book also examines epigenetic effects of the microbiome on psychiatric disorders, and the use of neuroimaging in studying the role of epigenetic mechanisms of gene expression. Ongoing advances in epigenetic therapy are explored in-depth. Fully revised to discuss new areas of research across neuronal stem cells, cognitive disorders, and transgenerational epigenetics in psychiatric disease Relates broad advances in psychiatric epigenetics to a modern understanding of the genome, transcriptome, and proteins Catalyzes knowledge discovery in both basic epigenetic biology and epigenetic targets for drug discovery Provides guidance in research methods and protocols, as well how to employ data from consortia, single cell analysis, and epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field

Separation Anxiety Disorder in Adults

Separation Anxiety Disorder in Adults Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vijaya Manicavasagar,Derrick Silove
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128125551
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Separation Anxiety Disorder in Adults by Vijaya Manicavasagar,Derrick Silove Summary

Separation Anxiety Disorder in Adults provides a comprehensive foundation for understanding the development, manifestation, and treatment of adult separation anxiety. The book explores precursors and triggers to both childhood and adult separation anxiety disorder, comorbidity with other disorders and conditions, and characteristics of populations and individuals with separation anxiety. Assessment and treatment are comprehensively covered, discussing how treatment for adults difers from that for children. Clinical review questionnaires are included for immediate use in practice. Reviews the diagnosis, assessment, management, and treatment of adult separation anxiety Covers how treatment for adults differs from that for children Identifies precursors and triggers to separation anxiety Discusses comorbidity with other disorders and conditions Includes clinical review questionnaire measures

Essentials of Psychiatric Diagnosis, Revised Edition

Essentials of Psychiatric Diagnosis, Revised Edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Allen Frances
Editor: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462513700
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Essentials of Psychiatric Diagnosis, Revised Edition by Allen Frances Summary

This trusted practitioner resource and text helps the busy clinician find the right psychiatric diagnosis and avoid the many pitfalls that lead to errors. Covering every disorder routinely encountered in clinical practice, Allen Frances provides the ICD-9-CM codes and (where feasible) ICD-10-CM codes required for billing, a useful screening question, a descriptive prototype, diagnostic tips, and other disorders that must be ruled out. Frances was instrumental in the development of past editions of DSM and provides helpful cautions on questionable aspects of DSM-5. An index of common presenting symptoms lists possible diagnoses that must be considered for each. The Appendix (which can also be accessed at the companion website) features a Crosswalk to ICD-10-CM codes.

The Selling of DSM

The Selling of DSM Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stuart A. Kirk
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351474340
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The Selling of DSM by Stuart A. Kirk Summary

When it was first published in 1980, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition—univer-sally known as DSM-III—embodied a radical new method for identifying psychiatric illness. Kirk and Kutchins challenge the general understanding about the research data and the pro-cess that led to the peer acceptance of DSM-III. Their original and controversial reconstruction of that moment concen-trates on how a small group of researchers interpreted their findings about a specific problem—psychiatric reliability—to promote their beliefs about mental illness and to challenge the then-dominant Freudian paradigm.

The Book of Woe

The Book of Woe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gary Greenberg
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101621109
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The Book of Woe by Gary Greenberg Summary

“Gary Greenberg has become the Dante of our psychiatric age, and the DSM-5 is his Inferno.” —Errol Morris Since its debut in 1952, the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has set down the “official” view on what constitutes mental illness. Homosexuality, for instance, was a mental illness until 1973. Each revision has created controversy, but the DSM-5 has taken fire for encouraging doctors to diagnose more illnesses—and to prescribe sometimes unnecessary or harmful medications. Respected author and practicing psychotherapist Gary Greenberg embedded himself in the war that broke out over the fifth edition, and returned with an unsettling tale. Exposing the deeply flawed process behind the DSM-5’s compilation, The Book of Woe reveals how the manual turns suffering into a commodity—and made the APA its own biggest beneficiary.

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Food and Agriculture Organization
Editor: United Nations
ISBN: 9210043634
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The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019 by Food and Agriculture Organization Summary

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World gives updates on the prevalence of undernourishment globally and the absolute number of undernourished, as well as the latest estimates for a number of global nutrition targets. This latest edition looks at the role of economic slowdowns and downturns in the rise of hunger and makes policy recommendations to safeguard food security and nutrition worldwide.

DSM-5® and the Law

DSM-5® and the Law Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dr Charles Scott
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199368481
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DSM-5® and the Law by Dr Charles Scott Summary

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is the most widely used and accepted scheme for diagnosing mental disorders in the United States and beyond. DSM-5 was released with profound changes revealed in the required diagnostic process, specific criteria for previously established diagnoses, as well as the addition and deletion of specific mental disorders. DSM-5® and the Law provides an excellent summary of the DSM-5 diagnostic changes and the implications of these changes in various types of criminal and civil litigation. It also provides practical guidelines on how to correctly use the DSM-5 diagnostic process to record diagnoses in a forensic report. Furthermore, DSM-5® and the Law highlights unique aspects of the assessment of malingering based on DSM-5 alterations of DSM-IV. Special features include a summary of relevant diagnostic changes to each chapter topic, an application of the DSM-5 to a wide range of civil and criminal forensic evaluations, practical vignettes throughout the chapters to illustrate key forensic points, chapter tables to highlight relevant information, and focused summary points at the conclusion of each chapter. The reader is provided specific guidance on a range of evidence-based approaches to rate severity of psychotic disorders and a range of considerations for assessing disability. This is the first book to apply how the DSM-5 changes will impact the specific forensic evaluations with practical guidance on how to face new challenges posed.

Making Gay History

Making Gay History Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eric Marcus
Editor: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0061844209
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Making Gay History by Eric Marcus Summary

“Rich and often moving . . . at times shocking, but often enlightening and inspiring: oral history at its most potent and rewarding.” — Kirkus Reviews A completely revised and updated edition of the classic volume of oral history interviews with high-profile leaders and little-known participants in the gay rights movement that cumulatively provides a powerful documentary look at the struggle for gay rights in America. From the Boy Scouts and the U.S. military to marriage and adoption, the gay civil rights movement has exploded on the national stage. Eric Marcus takes us back in time to the earliest days of that struggle in a newly revised and thoroughly updated edition of Making History, originally published in 1992. Using the heartfelt stories of more than sixty people, he carries us through a compelling five-decade battle that has changed the fabric of American society. The rich tapestry that emerges from Making Gay History includes the inspiring voices of teenagers and grandparents, journalists and housewives, from the little-known Dr. Evelyn Hooker and Morty Manford to former vice president Al Gore, Ellen DeGeneres, and Abigail Van Buren. Together, these many stories bear witness to a time of astonishing change, as queer people have struggled against prejudice and fought for equal rights under the law.

Asperger's Children: The Origins of Autism in Nazi Vienna

Asperger's Children: The Origins of Autism in Nazi Vienna Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edith Sheffer
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393609650
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Asperger's Children: The Origins of Autism in Nazi Vienna by Edith Sheffer Summary

Shortlisted for the 2019 Mark Lynton History Prize A groundbreaking exploration of the chilling history behind an increasingly common diagnosis. Hans Asperger, the pioneer of autism and Asperger syndrome in Nazi Vienna, has been celebrated for his compassionate defense of children with disabilities. But in this groundbreaking book, prize-winning historian Edith Sheffer exposes that Asperger was not only involved in the racial policies of Hitler’s Third Reich, he was complicit in the murder of children. As the Nazi regime slaughtered millions across Europe during World War Two, it sorted people according to race, religion, behavior, and physical condition for either treatment or elimination. Nazi psychiatrists targeted children with different kinds of minds—especially those thought to lack social skills—claiming the Reich had no place for them. Asperger and his colleagues endeavored to mold certain "autistic" children into productive citizens, while transferring others they deemed untreatable to Spiegelgrund, one of the Reich’s deadliest child-killing centers. In the first comprehensive history of the links between autism and Nazism, Sheffer uncovers how a diagnosis common today emerged from the atrocities of the Third Reich. With vivid storytelling and wide-ranging research, Asperger’s Children will move readers to rethink how societies assess, label, and treat those diagnosed with disabilities.

The Mental Health Diagnostic Desk Reference

The Mental Health Diagnostic Desk Reference Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Carlton Munson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317825640
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The Mental Health Diagnostic Desk Reference by Carlton Munson Summary

Make the DSM-IV-TR user-friendly with this powerful learning tool! This expanded and updated edition of Dr. Munson's highly acclaimed book is the indispensable companion volume and guide to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition-Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), published by the American Psychiatric Association. The only study guide currently available for the DSM-IV-TR, The Mental Health Diagnostic Desk Reference, Second Edition, provides clear, cogent expositions of every disorder in the manual. All the information in this edition has been updated to reflect the new thinking and the current criteria. Easy to use in a consistent, all-inclusive format, The Mental Health Diagnostic Desk Reference, Second Edition, offers a detailed explanation of every part of the DSM-IV-TR, from its multi-axial classification system to the criteria for diagnosing individual disorders. It offers guidelines of diagnosis, examples of treatment planning, and 81 helpful illustrations, including color-coded supplemental visuals highlighting the diagnostic criteria for disorders most frequently encountered in clinical practice. It even features a thorough review of the 26 syndromes considered for inclusion in the DSM-IV-TR that did not reach the research criteria for a full-scale disorder. In addition, The Mental Health Diagnostic Desk Reference, Second Edition, is the only guide to applying the new culture-bound syndromes. It even includes a detailed case example of preparing a cultural formulation. References are provided at the end of each chapter, and a master reference list is printed at the end of the book, which enhances ease of use. Summaries for each class of disorders include: a listing of codes and disorders a fundamental features section describing core aspects of disorders brief tips to highlight significant information and helpful diagnostic techniques differential diagnosis strategies and tips standardized measures and scales recommended for their effectiveness, ease of use, brevity of administration, and cost recommended reading Written by nationally respected clinician, supervisor, and educator Dr. Carlton Munson, The Mental Health Diagnostic Desk Reference, Second Edition, will help end clinical gridlock and enable you to improve services to your clients within the context of managed care.

The DSM-5 in Perspective

The DSM-5 in Perspective Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Steeves Demazeux,Patrick Singy
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 940179765X
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The DSM-5 in Perspective by Steeves Demazeux,Patrick Singy Summary

Since its third edition in 1980, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association has acquired a hegemonic role in the health care professions and has had a broad impact on the lay public. The publication in May 2013 of its fifth edition, the DSM-5, marked the latest milestone in the history of the DSM and of American psychiatry. In The DSM-5 in Perspective: Philosophical Reflections on the Psychiatric Babel, experts in the philosophy of psychiatry propose original essays that explore the main issues related to the DSM-5, such as the still weak validity and reliability of the classification, the scientific status of its revision process, the several cultural, gender and sexist biases that are apparent in the criteria, the comorbidity issue and the categorical vs. dimensional debate. For several decades the DSM has been nicknamed “The Psychiatric Bible.” This volume would like to suggest another biblical metaphor: the Tower of Babel. Altogether, the essays in this volume describe the DSM as an imperfect and unachievable monument – a monument that was originally built to celebrate the new unity of clinical psychiatric discourse, but that ended up creating, as a result of its hubris, ever more profound practical divisions and theoretical difficulties.

Psychiatric Diagnosis

Psychiatric Diagnosis Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ihsan M. Salloum,Juan E. Mezzich
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470743454
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Psychiatric Diagnosis by Ihsan M. Salloum,Juan E. Mezzich Summary

Psychiatric diagnosis is one of the most important topics within the broad field of psychiatry. Clear, accurate definitions of the various disorders are essential for clinicians around the world to be confident that they are classifying patients in the same way, thereby enabling comparisons of treatment regimens and their outcomes. There are two major classification systems in use, one produced by the World Health Organization, the WHO International Classification of Diseases, Mental Disorders Chapter, and one by the American Psychiatric Association, the well known Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Both of these are being revised so this book from the prestigious World Psychiatric Association is especially timely. In this book, leading experts in the field provide a broad and integrated coverage of the concepts, structure and context of psychiatric diagnosis. It begins by addressing mental health and illness around the world from historical, philosophical and cultural perspectives. Health is approached comprehensively, to include such aspects as resilience, resources and quality of life. The book then covers major specific psychopathology topics in Section II, including new categorizations and dimensional approaches. Section III concentrates on the complex problem of comorbidity, a primary challenge for modern diagnostic classifications in psychiatry. Finally, Section IV reviews emerging international diagnostic systems in psychiatry, considering innovative models and adaptations. This book will be essential reading for anyone involved in the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders.

Diagnosis and the DSM

Diagnosis and the DSM Pdf/ePub eBook Author: S. Vanheule
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 113740468X
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Diagnosis and the DSM by S. Vanheule Summary

This book critically evaluates the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Through analysis of the history of psychiatric diagnosis and of the handbook itself, it argues that the DSM-5 has a narrow biomedical approach to mental disorders, and proposes a new contextualizing model of mental health symptoms.

Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)

Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dan Karasic,Jack Drescher
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317954572
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Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) by Dan Karasic,Jack Drescher Summary

Get the latest on the controversies of the sexual and gender diagnoses contained in the current DSM The revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is an ongoing process, and changes in criteria or terminology can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM): A Reevaluation provides a range of viewpoints from noted authorities on gender and sexuality issues presently included in the DSM. Arguments for or against revisions of various gender and sexual diagnoses are presented-some may have repercussions regarding insurance reimbursement and patient access to care. This book is certain to raise questions for mental health professionals interested in how cultural influences affect psychiatric diagnoses. Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) reviews those controversial gender issues previously seen as being a disorder. The book critically evaluates the medical, psychotherapeutic, and civil rights issues in the diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of GID in children, adolescents, and adults, and presents evidence and debates for its exclusion from the next DSM. Arguments for and against removal of paraphilias from the DSM are explored in detail. Finally, sexual pain criteria for diagnoses are examined, reviewing the latest studies that support or criticize the view that dyspareunia and vaginismus may be better classified as a pain disorder. Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) presents controversial debate from experts such as: Robert Spitzer, MD Charles Moser, MD, and Peggy J. Kleinplatz, PhD Walter O. Bockting, PhD, and Randall Ehrbar, PsyD Kelley Winters, PhD Arlene Istar Lev, CSW-R, CASAC Paul Jay Fink, MD and other respected authorities! Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is thought-provoking, enlightening reading for psychiatrists, psychologists, mental health workers, epidemiologists, researchers, educators, and students.

Psychiatric Diagnosis Revisited

Psychiatric Diagnosis Revisited Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stijn Vanheule
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331944669X
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Psychiatric Diagnosis Revisited by Stijn Vanheule Summary

This book explores the purpose of clinical psychological and psychiatric diagnosis, and provides a persuasive case for moving away from the traditional practice of psychiatric classification. It discusses the validity and reliability of classification-based approaches to clinical diagnosis, and frames them in their broader historical and societal context. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is used across the world in research and a range of mental health settings; here, Stijn Vanheule argues that the diagnostic reliability of the DSM is overrated, built on a limited biomedical approach to mental disorders that neglects context, and ultimately breeds stigma. The book subsequently makes a passionate plea for a more detailed approach to the study of mental suffering by means of case formulation. Starting from literature on qualitative research the author makes clear how to guarantee the quality of clinical case formulations.

DSM-5 Abnormal Psychology (Speedy Study Guides)

DSM-5 Abnormal Psychology (Speedy Study Guides) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Speedy Publishing
Editor: Speedy Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1681456729
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DSM-5 Abnormal Psychology (Speedy Study Guides) by Speedy Publishing Summary

Early diagnosis of mental disorders is vital in the treatment and prevention of worse case scenarios. Doctors use a mental disorder Bible to isolate the illness an individual is suffering from. Now, you don't have to be a doctor to gain access to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The DSM-5 has been briefly summarized in this quick guide. Pick a copy today.

Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders

Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John B. Saunders,Marc A. Schuckit,Paul J. Sirovatka,Darrel A. Regier
Editor: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585626783
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Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders by John B. Saunders,Marc A. Schuckit,Paul J. Sirovatka,Darrel A. Regier Summary

Inviting the help of colleagues worldwide, the concise Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders is part of the new series Advancing the Research Agenda for DSM-V. Its 19 chapters by an international group of experts are designed to stimulate questions that will help guide research related to the development of the next editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), with the goal of ensuring that the major substance use diagnoses represent the same condition in both references. They cover 10 major issues in three main sections: Overarching issues relevant for the development of international diagnostic systems -- statistical modeling techniques and whether DSM-V should use categorical and/or dimensional diagnostic approaches; methods review, emphasizing new hybrid techniques for developing and testing diagnostic concepts; the need for separate clinical and research-oriented diagnostic criteria, incorporating both categorical and dimensional attributes; neurobiological changes characterizing substance dependence; the importance of cultural attributes in developing definitions of substance use disorders; and the history of the development of diagnostic systems and how to optimize the "crosswalk" between DSM and ICD. Research questions more specific to the substance use disorders section of DSM -- comorbidity between substance use disorders and other psychiatric conditions, the relatively unique clinical course of substance-induced mental disorders and appropriate treatment approaches; the precision of the criteria and threshold for a diagnosis and how to improve them; the subtypes of substance use disorder, including how they have been derived and the extent to which they relate to neurobiological processes; the seemingly high prevalence of alcohol dependence in young people; suggested research questions to evaluate the application of diagnostic criteria to adolescents; and the specific psychoactive substances cannabis and nicotine. Whether substance use disorders should be included in a broader section termed "addictive disorders" -- impulse-control disorders (especially pathological gambling and the advantages and disadvantages of adding it to the current substance use disorders section), identifying research opportunities regarding their assessment and neurocognitive and physiological bases, discussing the specifics of the research agenda and how it might be implemented, and presenting questions generated by the research agenda developmental process. This informative compendium distills the findings of a wealth of recent research and concludes with recommendations for exploiting research opportunities that promise to inform decisions regarding DSM-V and other classification systems. As such, it will prove invaluable for clinicians and researchers everywhere.

Schizophrenia and Comorbid Conditions

Schizophrenia and Comorbid Conditions Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael Y. Hwang,Paul C. Bermanzohn
Editor: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585627968
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Schizophrenia and Comorbid Conditions by Michael Y. Hwang,Paul C. Bermanzohn Summary

Schizophrenia is one of the most difficult diagnoses to make. And, once made, it was once among the most limited, offering few options in the management of care for schizophrenia patients with comorbid conditions. It was not until 1994, with the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), that diagnostic guidelines first permitted additional diagnoses on Axis I, such as anxiety disorder, in the presence of schizophrenia. Yet remnants of the old hierarchical diagnostic system remain, diverting attention from the pressing issue of managing what appear to be common -- and treatable -- disabling conditions, such as panic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), that often occur with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia and Comorbid Conditions: Diagnosis and Treatment lays diagnostic oversimplification of schizophrenia to rest once and for all. All schizophrenia patients are not the same. The editors of this groundbreaking work criticize the reductionist view of schizophrenia as a single unitary disorder -- a view that has led many psychiatrists and mental health care professionals to overlook potentially important syndromes. Asserting that these patients should be managed on the basis of their individual clinical presentations, not just their categorical diagnosis, recognized experts in their specialties offer a fascinating array of topics. Chapter 1 goes straight to the heart of this assertion, beginning with epidemiology and showing how hierarchical diagnostic concepts keep associated psychiatric syndromes (APS) hidden from clinical and scientific attention. Also presented are the findings of the few treatment studies of APS in schizophrenia. Additional chapters feature the following topics: Chapter 2 takes an indepth look at the extensive literature on depression in patients with schizophrenia, including a discussion on differential diagnosis and treatment approaches. Chapters 3 and 4 detail obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic symptoms, using case vignettes to illustrate the clinical management of schizophrenia with these two conditions. Chapters 5 and 6 discuss the recognition and management of medical and surgical illness and the management of pregnancy in patients with schizophrenia, respectively. Chapter 7 reviews cognitive impairment in older patients with schizophrenia, including etiology, assessment, and treatment approaches. Chapter 8 presents old and new approaches to the treatment of aggressive behaviors and violence in patients with schizophrenia. Chapter 9 extensively reviews substance abuse in schizophrenia, with suggested practical approaches to assessing and treating the "dual-diagnosis" schizophrenia patient. Intended to help practitioners enhance their recognition of and improve treatment for the large -- and often neglected and clinically challenging -- group of schizophrenia patients with comorbid conditions, this unique collection combines a wealth of clinical and research experience of enduring value to practitioners and researchers alike.

Handbook of DSM-5 Disorders in Children and Adolescents

Handbook of DSM-5 Disorders in Children and Adolescents Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sam Goldstein,Melissa DeVries
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319571966
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Handbook of DSM-5 Disorders in Children and Adolescents by Sam Goldstein,Melissa DeVries Summary

This handbook synthesizes and integrates the science of internalizing and externalizing childhood disorders with the diagnostic structure of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual – 5th Edition (DSM-5) of the American Psychiatric Association. It offers a comprehensive overview of DSM-5 disorders in childhood, covering etiology, symptom presentation, assessment methods, diagnostic criteria, and psychotherapeutic and pharmacological approaches to treatment, prognosis, and outcomes. Clinical vignettes and empirical insights illustrate key concepts and diagnostic and treatment issues such as developmental, cultural, gender, and other considerations that may influence diagnosis and case formulation. In addition, chapters on psychosocial therapies offer robust guidelines for working with children and adolescents with DSM-5 disorders. The Handbook also addresses the shift from categorical to dimensional, diagnostic, and treatment systems, particularly focusing on the current shift in funded research in childhood disorders. Topics featured in this Handbook include: Intellectual disabilities and global developmental delay. Depressive disorders in youth. Posttraumatic and acute stress disorders in childhood and adolescence. Autism spectrum and social pragmatic language disorders. Alcohol-related disorders and other substance abuse disorders. Parent-child and sibling relationships. Cognitive-behavioral interventions and their role in improving social skills. The Handbook of DSM-5 Disorders in Children and Adolescents is a must-have resource for researchers, professors, and graduate students as well as clinicians, professionals, and scientist-practitioners in clinical child and school psychology, pediatrics, social work, and educational psychology.

DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 2

DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 2 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Speedy Publishing
Editor: Speedy Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1681458969
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DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 2 by Speedy Publishing Summary

The problem with treating mental disorders starts with a very challenging diagnosis. There are several seemingly similar disorders with interloping symptoms but require different means of intervention. A bottle of pills given incorrectly could result to the worsening of a condition or the emergence of another. To correctly diagnose a condition, here's a reliable professional guide.

The Making of DSM-III®

The Making of DSM-III® Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hannah Decker PhD
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199974403
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The Making of DSM-III® by Hannah Decker PhD Summary

In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association decided to publish a revised edition of their Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). There was great hope that a new manual would display psychiatry as a scientific field and aid in combating the attacks of an aggressive anti-psychiatry movement that had persisted for more than a decade. The Making of DSM-III® is a book about the manual that resulted in 1980-DSM-III-a far-reaching revisionist work that created a revolution in American psychiatry. Its development precipitated a historic clash between the DSM-III Task Force--a group of descriptive, empirically oriented psychiatrists and psychologists--and the psychoanalysts the Task Force was determined to dethrone from their dominance in American psychiatry. DSM-III also inaugurated an era in which it and the diagnostic manuals that followed played enormous roles in the daily lives of persons and organizations all over the world, for the DSMs have been translated into many languages. The radical revision process was led by the psychiatrist Robert L. Spitzer, a many-talented man of great determination, energy, and tactical skills, arguably the most influential psychiatrist of the second half of the 20th Century. Spitzer created as major a change in descriptive psychiatry and classification as had the renowned German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin, almost a century earlier. Kraepelin had been the epochal delineator of dementia praecox from manic-depressive illness, the forerunners of modern schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. In her book, Hannah Decker portrays the many internal and external battles that roiled the creation of DSM-III and analyzes both its positive achievements and significant drawbacks. She also astutely explores the deleterious effects of the violent swings in scientific orientation that have dominated psychiatry over the past 200 years and are still alive today. Decker has written a revealing and exciting book that is based on archival sources never before used as well as extensive interviews with the psychiatrists and psychologists who have brought into being the psychiatry we know today.

DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 1

DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 1 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Speedy Publishing
Editor: Speedy Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1681458950
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DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 1 by Speedy Publishing Summary

Correctly identify disorders with this handy guide. Here, you can find quick references to several common and not-so-common disorders that can plague anyone regardless of age. The importance of this guide cannot be determined by its mere monetary value. It paves the way for proper diagnosis and therefore, correct and effective treatment. Grab a copy today.

DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 3

DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 3 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Speedy Publishing
Editor: Speedy Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1681459310
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DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (Mental Disorders) Part 3 by Speedy Publishing Summary

This guide is a compilation of male and female sexual disorders. If you are tentative of seeking professional help for your bedroom worries, then this might serve as a useful guide that will give you valuable clues of whether or not you need professional help. For professionals, this guide will serve as a valuable resource in reaching conclusive diagnoses. Get a copy today.

The Loss of Sadness

The Loss of Sadness Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Allan V. Horwitz,Jerome C. Wakefield
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199886067
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The Loss of Sadness by Allan V. Horwitz,Jerome C. Wakefield Summary

Depression has become the single most commonly treated mental disorder, amid claims that one out of ten Americans suffer from this disorder every year and 25% succumb at some point in their lives. Warnings that depressive disorder is a leading cause of worldwide disability have been accompanied by a massive upsurge in the consumption of antidepressant medication, widespread screening for depression in clinics and schools, and a push to diagnose depression early, on the basis of just a few symptoms, in order to prevent more severe conditions from developing. In The Loss of Sadness, Allan V. Horwitz and Jerome C. Wakefield argue that, while depressive disorder certainly exists and can be a devastating condition warranting medical attention, the apparent epidemic in fact reflects the way the psychiatric profession has understood and reclassified normal human sadness as largely an abnormal experience. With the 1980 publication of the landmark third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III), mental health professionals began diagnosing depression based on symptoms--such as depressed mood, loss of appetite, and fatigue--that lasted for at least two weeks. This system is fundamentally flawed, the authors maintain, because it fails to take into account the context in which the symptoms occur. They stress the importance of distinguishing between abnormal reactions due to internal dysfunction and normal sadness brought on by external circumstances. Under the current DSM classification system, however, this distinction is impossible to make, so the expected emotional distress caused by upsetting events-for example, the loss of a job or the end of a relationship- could lead to a mistaken diagnosis of depressive disorder. Indeed, it is this very mistake that lies at the root of the presumed epidemic of major depression in our midst. In telling the story behind this phenomenon, the authors draw on the 2,500-year history of writing about depression, including studies in both the medical and social sciences, to demonstrate why the DSM's diagnosis is so flawed. They also explore why it has achieved almost unshakable currency despite its limitations. Framed within an evolutionary account of human health and disease, The Loss of Sadness presents a fascinating dissection of depression as both a normal and disordered human emotion and a sweeping critique of current psychiatric diagnostic practices. The result is a potent challenge to the diagnostic revolution that began almost thirty years ago in psychiatry and a provocative analysis of one of the most significant mental health issues today.

Parental Alienation, DSM-5, and ICD-11

Parental Alienation, DSM-5, and ICD-11 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bernet William
Editor: Charles C Thomas Publisher
ISBN: 0398084491
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Parental Alienation, DSM-5, and ICD-11 by Bernet William Summary

Parental alienation is an important phenomenon that mental health professionals should know about and thoroughly understand, especially those who work with children, adolescents, divorced adults, and adults whose parents divorced when they were children. In this book, the authors define parental alienation as a mental condition in which a child - usually one whose parents are engaged in a high-conflict divorce - allies himself or herself strongly with one parent (the preferred parent) and rejects a relationship with the other parent (the alienated parent) without legitimate justification. This process leads to a tragic outcome when the child and the alienated parent, who previously had a loving and mutually satisfying relationship, lose the nurture and joy of that relationship for many years and perhaps for their lifetimes. We estimate that 1 percent of children and adolescents in the U.S. experience parental alienation. When the phenomenon is properly recognized, this condition is preventable and treatable in many instances. The authors of this book believe that parental alienation is not simply a minor aberration in the life of a family, but a serious mental condition. Because of the false belief that the alienated parent is a dangerous or unworthy person, the child loses one of the most important relationships in his or her life. This book contains much information about the validity, reliability, and prevalence of parental alienation. It also includes a comprehensive international bibliography regarding parental alienation with more than 600 citations. In order to bring life to the definitions and the technical writing, several short clinical vignettes have been included. These vignettes are based on actual families and real events, but have been modified to protect the privacy of both the parents and children.

Saving Normal

Saving Normal Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Allen Frances, M.D.
Editor: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062229273
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Saving Normal by Allen Frances, M.D. Summary

From "the most powerful psychiatrist in America" (New York Times) and "the man who wrote the book on mental illness" (Wired), a deeply fascinating and urgently important critique of the widespread medicalization of normality Anyone living a full, rich life experiences ups and downs, stresses, disappointments, sorrows, and setbacks. These challenges are a normal part of being human, and they should not be treated as psychiatric disease. However, today millions of people who are really no more than "worried well" are being diagnosed as having a mental disorder and are receiving unnecessary treatment. In Saving Normal, Allen Frances, one of the world's most influential psychiatrists, warns that mislabeling everyday problems as mental illness has shocking implications for individuals and society: stigmatizing a healthy person as mentally ill leads to unnecessary, harmful medications, the narrowing of horizons, misallocation of medical resources, and draining of the budgets of families and the nation. We also shift responsibility for our mental well-being away from our own naturally resilient and self-healing brains, which have kept us sane for hundreds of thousands of years, and into the hands of "Big Pharma," who are reaping multi-billion-dollar profits. Frances cautions that the new edition of the "bible of psychiatry," the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5), will turn our current diagnostic inflation into hyperinflation by converting millions of "normal" people into "mental patients." Alarmingly, in DSM-5, normal grief will become "Major Depressive Disorder"; the forgetting seen in old age is "Mild Neurocognitive Disorder"; temper tantrums are "Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder"; worrying about a medical illness is "Somatic Symptom Disorder"; gluttony is "Binge Eating Disorder"; and most of us will qualify for adult "Attention Deficit Disorder." What's more, all of these newly invented conditions will worsen the cruel paradox of the mental health industry: those who desperately need psychiatric help are left shamefully neglected, while the "worried well" are given the bulk of the treatment, often at their own detriment. Masterfully charting the history of psychiatric fads throughout history, Frances argues that whenever we arbitrarily label another aspect of the human condition a "disease," we further chip away at our human adaptability and diversity, dulling the full palette of what is normal and losing something fundamental of ourselves in the process. Saving Normal is a call to all of us to reclaim the full measure of our humanity.

Advancing DSM

Advancing DSM Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Katharine A. Phillips,Michael B. First,Harold Alan Pincus
Editor: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585627496
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Advancing DSM by Katharine A. Phillips,Michael B. First,Harold Alan Pincus Summary

In Advancing DSM, leading psychiatric clinicians and researchers contribute case studies that are unresolved, are rife with controversy, and illuminate limitations of the current diagnostic system. Along with analysis of clinical cases, the contributors recommend broad changes to DSM to incorporate new knowledge from psychiatry and neuroscience and findings from new methods of diagnostic testing. Advancing DSM is a rich treasury of intriguing information for all clinicians and researchers. You will Develop an understanding of some of the shortfalls of the current system that will help you make better clinical decisions. Accurate diagnosis is the foundation for selecting the best treatment, determining prognosis, and enhancing our understanding of patients. With the help of real-world case examples, you'll develop a solid understanding of the complexities involved in making clinical diagnoses. Learn about developments that will advance future editions of DSM. Find out how new developments in psychiatry and neuroscience and new diagnostic testing tools such as functional MRI are changing the face of psychiatric diagnosis and will inform future editions of DSM. Be alerted to some of the vital questions that must be answered before a new DSM is developed. Each chapter raises important questions to answer if we are to develop new, more accurate, and more reliable diagnoses. For example, how do we determine the causes of mental disorders? How do we define a mental disorder? How should the groupings of disorders be revised to reflect information on etiology and pathophysiology? What are the implications of laboratory testing and neuroimaging for psychiatric diagnosis and practice? and many more. DSM has been a landmark achievement for the field. By allowing reliable diagnosis, it has brought order out of chaos and fostered groundbreaking advances in research and clinical care. Advancing DSM will brief you on exciting changes in psychiatry today that will impact the DSM of tomorrow.

Issues in Diagnostic Research

Issues in Diagnostic Research Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michel Hersen,Cynthia G. Last
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468412655
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Issues in Diagnostic Research by Michel Hersen,Cynthia G. Last Summary

Prior and subsequentto the publication of the third edition of the Diagnos tic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III), we have witnessed a considerable upsurge in the quantity and quality of research concerned with the psychiatric diagnostic process. There are several factors that have contributed to this empirical influx, including improved diagnostic cri teria for many psychiatric disorders, increased nosological attention to childhood psychopathology, and development and standardization of several structured diagnostic interview schedules for both adult and child populations. With the advent of DSM-III-R, and in anticipation of DSM-IV, diagnostic labels and their definitions have been in a state of change, as evinced by the many refinements and modifications currently taking place. However, the basic purpose or raison d'etre of the nosological scheme has not been altered. Psychiatric diagnosis is the means by which we classify or categorize human psychopathology. And, as is the case in the medical arena, psychiatric diagnosis serves three central functions: classification. communication. and prediction. As research accumulates, our understanding of psychiatric disorders increases, and we are in a much better position to classify reliably and with validity, as well as to com municate and predict Despite periodic changes in the diagnostic system, the basic strategies for conducting diagnostic research (e. g. , genetic-family studies, biological markers, follow-up studies, etc. ) do not vary appreciably over time. But in over one decade no scholarly book has appeared that tackles the essential research issues involved in upgrading the diagnostic endeavor.

Beyond the DSM Story

Beyond the DSM Story Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Karen Eriksen,Victoria E. Kress
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1452235880
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Beyond the DSM Story by Karen Eriksen,Victoria E. Kress Summary

Beyond the DSM Story presents challenges to the Diagnostic Statistical Model (DSM) system from ethical and cultural perspectives, critically evaluating its fit with other professional and theoretical orientations. It offers possible solutions or best practices for addressing ethical, theoretical, and contextual quandaries, along with experiential activities that challenge the reader to think critically about both the problems and the solutions associated with DSM diagnosis. Beyond the DSM Story presents an atheoretical model for incorporating alternative models with DSM assessment. Instructors, students and practitioners will benefit from this critical appraisal of the DSM.

Dimensions of Psychological Problems

Dimensions of Psychological Problems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Benjamin B. Lahey
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197607926
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Dimensions of Psychological Problems by Benjamin B. Lahey Summary

A remarkable and extremely important ongoing positive revolution in how we think about psychological problems is rapidly reaching a tipping point. This book provides a manifesto for this revolution. An increasing number of psychologists and psychiatrists are proposing that we either radically change the next edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the Mental Disorders and the International Classification of Diseases or leave them behind entirely. The author argues for a view of psychological problems that is far less stigmatizing and better supported by the data but which will require large changes in thinking. First, there is no clear distinction between "normal" and "abnormal" psychological functioning. Psychological problems do not reflect rare and terrifying "illnesses" of the mind, but are problematic ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving that lie on continuous dimensions from minor to severe. Crucially, psychological problems are ordinary aspects of the human experience. They are ordinary in the sense of being commonplace-the great majority of us will experience distressing and disruptive psychological problems at some time during our lives-and are ordinary in arising through the same natural interplay of genetic and environmental influences as any other aspect of behavior. The dimensions of psychological problems are highly correlated and these correlations provide vital clues as that allow us to see a hierarchy of causes of psychological problems for the first time. These range from factors that influence the likelihood of exhibiting some kind of psychological problem, but not which kind, to highly specific causes.