Download Caves And Ritual In Medieval Europe Ad 500 1500 Pdf

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Prognostication in the Medieval World

Prognostication in the Medieval World Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110499770
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Prognostication in the Medieval World by Summary

Two opposing views of the future in the Middle Ages dominate recent historical scholarship. According to one opinion, medieval societies were expecting the near end of the world and therefore had no concept of the future. According to the other opinion, the expectation of the near end created a drive to change the world for the better and thus for innovation. Close inspection of the history of prognostication reveals the continuous attempts and multifold methods to recognize and interpret God’s will, the prodigies of nature, and the patterns of time. That proves, on the one hand, the constant human uncertainty facing the contingencies of the future. On the other hand, it demonstrates the firm believe during the Middle Ages in a future which could be shaped and even manipulated. The handbook provides the first overview of current historical research on medieval prognostication. It considers the entangled influences and transmissions between Christian, Jewish, Islamic, and non-monotheistic societies during the period from a wide range of perspectives. An international team of 63 renowned authors from about a dozen different academic disciplines contributed to this comprehensive overview.

Ritual Landscapes and Borders within Rock Art Research

Ritual Landscapes and Borders within Rock Art Research Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Heidrun Stebergløkken,Ragnhild Berge,Eva Lindgaard
Editor: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1784911593
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Ritual Landscapes and Borders within Rock Art Research by Heidrun Stebergløkken,Ragnhild Berge,Eva Lindgaard Summary

Ritual landscapes and borders are recurring themes running through Professor Kalle Sognnes' long research career. This anthology contains 13 articles written by colleagues from his broad network in appreciation of his many contributions to the field of rock art research.

Negotiating the North

Negotiating the North Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sarah Semple,Alexandra Sanmark,Frode Iversen,Natascha Mehler
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000096688
FileSize: 472kb
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Negotiating the North by Sarah Semple,Alexandra Sanmark,Frode Iversen,Natascha Mehler Summary

This book brings together the cumulative results of a three-year project focused on the assemblies and administrative systems of Scandinavia, Britain, and the North Atlantic islands in the 1st and 2nd millennia AD. In this volume we integrate a wide range of historical, cartographic, archaeological, field-based, and onomastic data pertaining to early medieval and medieval administrative practices, geographies, and places of assembly in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Scotland, and eastern England. This transnational perspective has enabled a new understanding of the development of power structures in early medieval northern Europe and the maturation of these systems in later centuries under royal control. In a series of richly illustrated chapters, we explore the emergence and development of mechanisms for consensus. We begin with a historiographical exploration of assembly research that sets the intellectual agenda for the chapters that follow. We then examine the emergence and development of the thing in Scandinavia and its export to the lands colonised by the Norse. We consider more broadly how assembly practices may have developed at a local level, yet played a significant role in the consolidation, and at times regulation, of elite power structures. Presenting a fresh perspective on the agency and power of the thing and cognate types of local and regional assembly, this interdisciplinary volume provides an invaluable, in-depth insight into the people, places, laws, and consensual structures that shaped the early medieval and medieval kingdoms of northern Europe.

Medieval Islam

Medieval Islam Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gustave E. von Grunebaum
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226864928
FileSize: 531kb
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Medieval Islam by Gustave E. von Grunebaum Summary

From the Preface: "This book book has grown out of a series of public lectures delivered in the spring of 1945 in the Division of the Humanities of the University of Chicago. It proposes to outline the cultural orientation of the Muslim Middle Ages, with eastern Islam as the center of attention. It attempts to characterize the medieval Muslim's view of himself and his peculiarly defined universe, the fundamental intellectual and emotional attitudes that governed his works, and the mood in which he lived his life. It strives to explain the structure of his universe in terms of inherited, borrowed, and original elements, the institutional framework within which it functioned, and its place in relation to the contemporary Christian world. "A consideration of the various fields of cultural activity requires an analysis of the dominant interest, the intentions, and, to some extent, the methods of reasoning with which the Muslim approached his special subjects and to which achievement and limitations of achievement are due. Achievements referred to or personalities discussed will never be introduced for their own sake, let alone for the sake of listing the sum total of this civilization's major contributions. They are dealt with rather to evidence the peculiar ways in which the Muslim essayed to understand and to organize his world. "The plan of the book thus rules out the narration of political history beyond the barest skeleton, but it requires the ascertaining of the exact position of Islam in the medieval world and its significance. This plan also excludes a study of Muslim economy, but it leads to an interpretation of the social structure as molded by the prime loyalties cherished by the Muslim."

The Archaeology of Grotta Scaloria

The Archaeology of Grotta Scaloria Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ernestine S. Elster,Eugenia Isetti,John Robb,Antonella Traverso
Editor: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1938770374
FileSize: 753kb
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The Archaeology of Grotta Scaloria by Ernestine S. Elster,Eugenia Isetti,John Robb,Antonella Traverso Summary

Grotta Scaloria, a cave in Apulia, was first discovered and explored in 1931, excavated briefly in 1967, and then excavated extensively from 1978 to 1980 by a joint UCLA-University of Genoa team, but it was never fully published. The Save Scaloria Project was organized to locate this legacy data and to enhance that information by application of the newest methods of archaeological and scientific analysis. This significant site is finally published in one comprehensive volume (and in an online archive of additional data and photographs) that gathers together the archaeological data from the upper and lower chambers of the cave. These data indicate intense ritual and quotidian use during the Neolithic period (circa 5600-5300 BCE). The Grotta Scaloria project is also important as historiography, since it illustrates a changing trajectory of research spanning three generations of European and American archaeology.

Mary and Early Christian Women

Mary and Early Christian Women Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ally Kateusz
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030111113
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Mary and Early Christian Women by Ally Kateusz Summary

This book reveals exciting early Christian evidence that Mary was remembered as a powerful role model for women leaders - women apostles, baptizers, and presiders at the ritual meal. Early Christian art portrays Mary and other women clergy serving as deacon, presbyter/priest, and bishop. In addition, the two oldest surviving artifacts to depict people at an altar table inside a real church depict women and men in a gender-parallel liturgy inside two of the most important churches in Christendom - Old Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome and the second Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. Dr. Kateusz's research brings to light centuries of censorship, both ancient and modern, and debunks the modern imagination that from the beginning only men were apostles and clergy.

Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice

Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Arie Wallert
Editor: Getty Publications
ISBN: 0892363223
FileSize: 1391kb
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Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice by Arie Wallert Summary

Bridging the fields of conservation, art history, and museum curating, this volume contains the principal papers from an international symposium titled "Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice" at the University of Leiden in Amsterdam, Netherlands, from June 26 to 29, 1995. The symposium—designed for art historians, conservators, conservation scientists, and museum curators worldwide—was organized by the Department of Art History at the University of Leiden and the Art History Department of the Central Research Laboratory for Objects of Art and Science in Amsterdam. Twenty-five contributors representing museums and conservation institutions throughout the world provide recent research on historical painting techniques, including wall painting and polychrome sculpture. Topics cover the latest art historical research and scientific analyses of original techniques and materials, as well as historical sources, such as medieval treatises and descriptions of painting techniques in historical literature. Chapters include the painting methods of Rembrandt and Vermeer, Dutch 17th-century landscape painting, wall paintings in English churches, Chinese paintings on paper and canvas, and Tibetan thangkas. Color plates and black-and-white photographs illustrate works from the Middle Ages to the 20th century.

Gifts, Goods and Money: Comparing currency and circulation systems in past societies

Gifts, Goods and Money: Comparing currency and circulation systems in past societies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dirk Brandherm,Elon Heymans,Daniela Hofmann
Editor: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1784918369
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Gifts, Goods and Money: Comparing currency and circulation systems in past societies by Dirk Brandherm,Elon Heymans,Daniela Hofmann Summary

The papers gathered in this volume explore the economic and social roles of exchange systems in past societies from a variety of different perspectives. Based on a broad range of individual case studies, the authors tackle problems surrounding the identification of (pre-monetary) currencies in the archaeological record.

The Jews and Modern Capitalism

The Jews and Modern Capitalism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Werner Sombart
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 135148043X
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The Jews and Modern Capitalism by Werner Sombart Summary

Since its first appearance in Germany in 1911, Jews and Modern Capitalism has provoked vehement criticism. As Samuel Z. Klausner emphasizes, the lasting value of Sombart's work rests not in his results-most of which have long since been disproved-but in his point of departure. Openly acknowledging his debt to Max Weber, Sombart set out to prove the double thesis of the Jewish foundation of capitalism and the capitalist foundation of Judaism. Klausner, placing Sombart's work in its historical and societal context, examines the weaknesses and strengths of Jews and Modern Capitalism.

Sophie's World

Sophie's World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jostein Gaarder
Editor: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 1466804270
FileSize: 1780kb
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Sophie's World by Jostein Gaarder Summary

One day Sophie comes home from school to find two questions in her mail: "Who are you?" and "Where does the world come from?" Before she knows it she is enrolled in a correspondence course with a mysterious philosopher. Thus begins Jostein Gaarder's unique novel, which is not only a mystery, but also a complete and entertaining history of philosophy.