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Women, Culture, and Development

Women, Culture, and Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191521752
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Women, Culture, and Development by Summary

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. BL Distinguished editors and contributors BL Addresses questions of some urgency for the question of women's quality of life BL Inter-disciplinary, ranging over philosophy, economics, political science, anthropology, law and sociology BL Combines theory with case-studies BL Accessible to non-specialist reader BL Sequel to The Quality of Life, edited by Martha Nussbaum and Amartya Sen, applying the 'capabilities' approach outlined in that volume BL Topical - challenges 'politically correct' relativist approaches and discusses the validity of charges of 'cultural imperialism' levelled at Western aid and intervention policies. Women, a majority of the world's population, receive only a small proportion of its opportunities and benefits. According to the 1993 UN Human Development Report, there is no country in the world in which women's quality of life is equal to that of men. This examination of women's quality of life thus addresses questions which have a particular urgency. It aims to describe the basic situation of all women and so develops a universal account that can answer the charges of 'Western imperialism' frequently made against such accounts. The contributors confront the issue of cultural relativism, criticizing the relativist approach which, in its desire to respect different cultural traditions, can result in indifference to injustice. An account of gender justice and women's equality is then proposed in various areas in which quality of life is measured. These issues are related throughout to the specific contexts of India, Bangladesh, China, Mexico, and Nigeria through a series of case studies. Disciplines represented include philosophy, economics, political science, anthropology, law, and sociology. Like its predecessor, The Quality of Life, this volume encourages the reader to think critically about the central fundamental concepts used in development economics and suggests major criticisms of current economic approaches from that fundamental viewpoint. Contributors: Martha Nussbaum, Marty Chen, Susan Wolf, Jonathan Glover, Onora O'Neill, David Crocker, Hilary Putnam, Linda Alcoff, Amartya Sen, Susan Moller Okin, Ruth Anna Putnam, Cass R.Sunstein, Christine M.Korsgaard, Catherine Lutz, Xiaorong Li, Margarita M.Valdes, Nkiru Nzegwu

Economics, Culture and Development

Economics, Culture and Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eiman O. Zein-Elabdin
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131756281X
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Economics, Culture and Development by Eiman O. Zein-Elabdin Summary

This book examines the treatment of culture and development in the discipline of economics, thereby filling a conspicuous gap in current literature. Economics has come a long way to join the ‘cultural turn’ that has swept the humanities and social sciences in the last half century. This volume identifies some of the issues that major philosophies of economics must address to better grasp the cultural complexity of contemporary economies. This book is an extensive survey of the place of culture and development in four theoretical economic perspectives—Neoclassical, Marxian, Institutionalist, and Feminist. Organized in nine chapters with three appendices and a compendium of over 50 interpretations of culture by economists, this book covers vast grounds from classical political economy to contemporary economic thought. The literatures reviewed include original and new institutionalism, cultural economics, postmodern Marxism, economic feminism, and the current culture and development discourse on subjects such as economic growth in East Asia, businesswomen entrepreneurs in West Africa, and comparative development in different parts of Europe. Zein-Elabdin carries the project further by borrowing some of the insights from postcolonial theory to call for a more profound rethinking of the place of culture and of currently devalued cultures in economic theory. This book is of great interest for those who study Economic development, International relations, feminist economics, and Economic geography

Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture

Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Newnes
ISBN: 0444537775
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Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture by Summary

This volume emphasizes the economic aspects of art and culture, a relatively new field that poses inherent problems for economics, with its quantitative concepts and tools. Building bridges across disciplines such as management, art history, art philosophy, sociology, and law, editors Victor Ginsburgh and David Throsby assemble chapters that yield new perspectives on the supply and demand for artistic services, the contribution of the arts sector to the economy, and the roles that public policies play. With its focus on culture rather than the arts, Ginsburgh and Throsby bring new clarity and definition to this rapidly growing area. Presents coherent summaries of major research in art and culture, a field that is inherently difficult to characterize with finance tools and concepts Offers a rigorous description that avoids common problems associated with art and culture scholarship Makes details about the economics of art and culture accessible to scholars in fields outside economics

A Theory of Sustainable Sociocultural and Economic Development

A Theory of Sustainable Sociocultural and Economic Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mohamed Rabie
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137579528
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A Theory of Sustainable Sociocultural and Economic Development by Mohamed Rabie Summary

Why do some countries' economies struggle to develop, even when they are the focus of so much research and international funding? While recognizing that the obstacles facing poor nations are many and complex, Rabie proposes that the roots of most obstacles are sociocultural; thus, sociocultural transformation and economic restructuring can only be successful when treated as interconnected, mutually beneficial objectives. A Theory of Sustainable Sociocultural and Economic Development outlines an innovative model capable of identifying the major obstacles hindering poor nations' development in general, and the sociocultural and political obstacles in particular, placing them in their proper historical contexts, and addressing them comprehensively.

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) The Culture Fix Creative People, Places and Industries

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) The Culture Fix Creative People, Places and Industries Pdf/ePub eBook Author: OECD
Editor: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264923667
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Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) The Culture Fix Creative People, Places and Industries by OECD Summary

Cultural and creative sectors and industries are a significant source of jobs and income. They are a driver of innovation and creative skills, within cultural sectors and beyond. The report outlines international trends with new data, including at subnational scale.

World Economic Situation and Prospects 2020

World Economic Situation and Prospects 2020 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: United Nations
Editor: United Nations
ISBN: 921358329X
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World Economic Situation and Prospects 2020 by United Nations Summary

This is the United Nations definitive report on the state of the world economy, providing global and regional economic outlook for 2020 and 2021. Produced by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the five United Nations regional commissions, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, with contributions from the UN World Tourism Organization and other intergovernmental agencies.

Leisure, Culture and the Olympic Games

Leisure, Culture and the Olympic Games Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Horne
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113492304X
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Leisure, Culture and the Olympic Games by John Horne Summary

This edited collection contains six refreshing critical assessments of the leisure-sport relationship from societies that have staged the Olympic and Paralympic Games and contains valuable information for those who live in societies that aspire to host the Games. The collection begins and ends with discussions of the Olympic Games as a platform for protest. The first and last chapters consider the changing political relationships from 1968 in Mexico City, when one of the most politically-charged gestures ever made by athletes took place, and the campaigns surrounding the ethical responsibilities of those hosting the Olympics in London in 2012. Other chapters consider the sociocultural legacy of the Seoul Olympics, assess the likely regeneration legacies of the London 2012 Games, examine the relationship between hosting societies and indigenous cultures and analyse the effectiveness and appeal of Olympic mascots. This collection provides not just insight into the past and present effects of the Olympic and Paralympic Games but also offers readers the opportunity to reflect upon and consider the impact of these sports mega-events on their everyday lives. This book was published as a special issue of Leisure Studies.

An Introduction to the Human Development and Capability Approach

An Introduction to the Human Development and Capability Approach Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Severine Deneulin
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136574913
FileSize: 950kb
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An Introduction to the Human Development and Capability Approach by Severine Deneulin Summary

Aimed at undergraduates and post-graduates in the social sciences, as well as development practitioners, this textbook provides an introduction to the human development and capability approach; it also clarifies key concepts and fosters debate on a number of critical issues. The book offers new perspectives on a wide range of topics, which include the conceptualisation and measurement of well-being and inequality; the role of markets and economic growth in promoting development; the importance of democracy and public debate; culture and religion; health; equality and justice; and the connections between social and economic policy in addressing poverty and inequality. Case studies from across the world are used to illustrate concepts and highlight the relevance of the approach in addressing contemporary development challenges. A set of questions accompanies each chapter for seminar discussion to help readers assimilate central points and apply the approach to diverse realities. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the human development and capability approach for students and practitioners world-wide.

The Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights

The Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Inga Winkler,Carmel Williams
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351024299
FileSize: 383kb
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The Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights by Inga Winkler,Carmel Williams Summary

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted in 2015. The SDGs make the central promise to Leave No One Behind and include a dedicated goal to reduce inequalities. Human rights advocates have put great hopes in the SDGs as an instrument for transformative change. But do they bring about the much-needed paradigm shift? Or were the extensive consultations and negotiations much ado about nothing? "Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights: A Critical Early Review" follows two central lines of inquiry. The chapters examine to what extent do the SDGs live up to the promise to reduce inequalities and provide for monitoring and policies that address the needs of marginalized and invisible populations. They further suggest transparent and binding accountability processes and mechanisms to ensure that the SDGs are more than lofty goals and bring power to their promise. The volume begins with three chapters that focus on different aspects of SDG 10 and the commitment to reduce inequalities. From this cross cutting SDG, the following three chapters look at the translation of equality and accountability into specific sectors: health (SDG 3) and labour (SDG 8). The chapters were originally published in a special issue of The International Journal of Human Rights.

Social & Economic Dynamics of Development

Social & Economic Dynamics of Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Feyyaz Cengiz Dikmen,Gülten Dursun,Hilal Yıldız,Tuğçe Çağlayan,Fatma Eda Çelik,Aslı Yılmaz Uçar,Sevgi Uçan Çubukçu,Ervisa Sulmina,Çiğdem Börke Tunalı,Halit Yanıkkaya,Taner Turan,Osman Geyik,Aykut Aydın,Ünal Töngör,İlyas Coşkun,Şule Daldal,Taner Akpınar,Muhammad Ubair Riaz,Eyyup Yaraş
Editor: IJOPEC Publication
ISBN: 0993211844
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Social & Economic Dynamics of Development by Feyyaz Cengiz Dikmen,Gülten Dursun,Hilal Yıldız,Tuğçe Çağlayan,Fatma Eda Çelik,Aslı Yılmaz Uçar,Sevgi Uçan Çubukçu,Ervisa Sulmina,Çiğdem Börke Tunalı,Halit Yanıkkaya,Taner Turan,Osman Geyik,Aykut Aydın,Ünal Töngör,İlyas Coşkun,Şule Daldal,Taner Akpınar,Muhammad Ubair Riaz,Eyyup Yaraş Summary

International Conference of Political Economy (ICOPEC ), takes as a goal to identify and analyze the status of its age, held its first conference with the theme "International Political Economy: Adam Smith Today " in 2009. Following the ICOPEC conference, JOPEC Publication started to be published in 2010 . JOPEC Publication aims at searching required alternatives, in addition to existing alternatives, with a critical approach, has been the main supporter of ICOPEC conference by including the studies in this context. In 2016, ICOPEC conferences were turned into a conference series with its 7th conference and the main theme of the 7th conference was determined as “State, Economic Policy, Taxation and Development". JOPEC Publication has undertaken to publish the papers, presented at this conference in English and Turkish, as an e-book. It is reasonable to accept that there is no simple answer to achieving development. Today, almost all approaches to development recognize that fighting poverty and unemployment, increasing social and human capital, establishing institutional state capacity and social-political stability and even creating a developmental culture are important factors to enhance economic performance of the nations. is book presents some case studies on macroeconomic issues such as unemployment, tax structure and R&D activities/supports, on socio-economic dimensions such as gender problems in economic activities, and industrial relations and on consuming behaviors.

World Social Report 2020

World Social Report 2020 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Editor: United Nations
ISBN: 9210043677
FileSize: 1471kb
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World Social Report 2020 by Department of Economic and Social Affairs Summary

This report examines the links between inequality and other major global trends (or megatrends), with a focus on technological change, climate change, urbanization and international migration. The analysis pays particular attention to poverty and labour market trends, as they mediate the distributional impacts of the major trends selected. It also provides policy recommendations to manage these megatrends in an equitable manner and considers the policy implications, so as to reduce inequalities and support their implementation.

Handbook on the Economics of Cultural Heritage

Handbook on the Economics of Cultural Heritage Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ilde Rizzo,Anna Mignosa
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857931008
FileSize: 520kb
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Handbook on the Economics of Cultural Heritage by Ilde Rizzo,Anna Mignosa Summary

Cultural heritage is a complex and elusive concept, constantly evolving through time, and combining cultural, aesthetic, symbolic, spiritual, historical and economic values. The Handbook on the Economics of Cultural Heritage outlines the contribution of economics to the design and analysis of cultural heritage policies and to addressing issues related to the conservation, management and enhancement of heritage. The Handbook takes a multidisciplinary approach, using cultural economics as a theoretical framework to illustrate how crucial and stimulating cross-disciplinary dialogue actually is. Contributors scrutinise the co-existence of cultural and economic values as well as the new challenges that arise from changes brought about by technology, and relationships between the different actors engaged in the production, distribution and consumption of heritage services. The roles of public, private and non-profit organizations are also explored. Case studies underpin the discussion, demonstrating the clear and vital link between theory and practice. This highly unique Handbook will prove a fascinating and informative read for academics, researchers, students and policymakers with an interest in cultural economics.

Cultural Economics

Cultural Economics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ruth Towse,Abdul Khakee
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642773281
FileSize: 416kb
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Cultural Economics by Ruth Towse,Abdul Khakee Summary

Cultural economics as a field of research involves two areas, culture and economy. These two areas have been traditionally regarded as each other's antithesis. However, the economic aspects of culture have increasingly become a matter of everyday reality for persons working in the cultural field. The economy of culture has always been in the focus of political interest. Political decisions concerning such priority areas as the development of regional institutions, support to the artists and cultural programmes for children and youth have important economic implications. This book deals with a range of topics in cultural economics. It contains original papers by economists workingin the field from 15 different countries and covers a host of both theoretical and practical issues, covering the performing arts, arts marketsand museums. It represents an up-to-date statement of the application of economic ideas to cultural questions.

Historical And Political Economy Of Education In India

Historical And Political Economy Of Education In India Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dr. M. Kumar ,Dr. N. Rekha
Editor: Sankalp Publication
ISBN: 9388660900
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Historical And Political Economy Of Education In India by Dr. M. Kumar ,Dr. N. Rekha Summary

This book is written to meet the requirements of the new B.Ed., and M.Ed., syllabus based on the common core for Tamilnadu and other state university. This book focus on education in ancient Indian, middle India, east Indian company, education under British rule, national integration, international understanding, political police of Indian, economic in education, Indian constitutional provisions on education, - political policy of education in India. This book useful for post graduate and graduate students and teachers’ educators.

Institutions, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Performance

Institutions, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Performance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Urbano,Sebastian Aparicio,David B. Audretsch
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030133737
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Institutions, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Performance by David Urbano,Sebastian Aparicio,David B. Audretsch Summary

Using institutional economics as a theoretical framework, this book analyzes institutional environment conducive to entrepreneurial activity in order to enhance economic performance across countries. In particular, the main contributions of this book to the entrepreneurship literature are the following: • Identify past and current research about the institutional context shaping entrepreneurial activity and its effect on economic growth • Examine social progress orientation as those institutional factors that are shaping innovative entrepreneurial activity • Explore the effect of different types of entrepreneurial activities on economic growth • Examine how social progress orientation through opportunity-driven entrepreneurship affects economic development • Analyze the interrelationships between institutions, entrepreneurial activity and economic development across countries • Study how the country's institutional context influences the way in which entrepreneurial activity affects social progress Two sides of the same coin might be observed when analyzing policy aspects of those institutions affecting entrepreneurial activity. On the one hand, effective public policy to promote entrepreneurship is predicated on understanding the underlying forces as well as the consequences and impacts of entrepreneurship. On the other hand, different endeavors to promote entrepreneurial activity might have deleterious economic effects since they could actually reduce employment in the long-term. Thus, it is crucial to understand the institutional environment in which entrepreneurs are interacting and making decisions. The comprehension of these phenomena serves to move forward the theoretical, practical and policy debate on entrepreneurship as a mechanism to achieve higher economic performance.

A Cultural Economic Analysis of Craft

A Cultural Economic Analysis of Craft Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anna Mignosa,Priyatej Kotipalli
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030021645
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A Cultural Economic Analysis of Craft by Anna Mignosa,Priyatej Kotipalli Summary

Are we aware of the values of craft? In this edited volume, cultural economists, researchers and professionals provide an interdisciplinary discussion of the relevance and contribution of the craft sector to the economy, as well as to society at large. Mignosa and Kotipalli bring together contributors to compare the craft sector across countries, analysing the role of institutions, educational bodies, organisations and market structure in its evolution and perception. The Western approach to craft and its subordinate position to the arts is contrasted with the prestige of craftmanship in Eastern countries, while the differing ways that craft has attracted the attention of policy agencies, museums, designers and private institutions across regions is also analysed. This volume is vital reading to those interested in the economic features of craft and craftsmanship around the world, as well as for those interested in the importance of policy in bringing about effective sustainable development.

Economic Crisis, Development and Competitiveness in Southeastern Europe

Economic Crisis, Development and Competitiveness in Southeastern Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anastasios Karasavvoglou,Dimitrios Kyrkilis,Georgios Makris,Persefoni Polychronidou
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319403222
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Economic Crisis, Development and Competitiveness in Southeastern Europe by Anastasios Karasavvoglou,Dimitrios Kyrkilis,Georgios Makris,Persefoni Polychronidou Summary

This book analyzes the foundations and means of overcoming the current crisis in the broader area of Southeast Europe. The contributions make proposals from both theoretical and empirical points of view and discuss the concept, determinants and policies of competitiveness in these countries. The financial crisis became a prolonged fiscal crisis, a bank confidence crisis, and economic recession, and the book discusses the European and national policies implemented to resolve it. It also investigates the internal conflicts generated by institutional arrangements and policy measures, both within the nation states and the eurozone. Economic competitiveness is a key topic for policymakers, as they have to secure economic growth and improve their populations’ standards of living. This volume sheds light on what constitutes economic competitiveness, as well as on the policies and economic and institutional structures that improve competitiveness.

Encountering Development

Encountering Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Arturo Escobar
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400839920
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Encountering Development by Arturo Escobar Summary

How did the industrialized nations of North America and Europe come to be seen as the appropriate models for post-World War II societies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America? How did the postwar discourse on development actually create the so-called Third World? And what will happen when development ideology collapses? To answer these questions, Arturo Escobar shows how development policies became mechanisms of control that were just as pervasive and effective as their colonial counterparts. The development apparatus generated categories powerful enough to shape the thinking even of its occasional critics while poverty and hunger became widespread. "Development" was not even partially "deconstructed" until the 1980s, when new tools for analyzing the representation of social reality were applied to specific "Third World" cases. Here Escobar deploys these new techniques in a provocative analysis of development discourse and practice in general, concluding with a discussion of alternative visions for a postdevelopment era. Escobar emphasizes the role of economists in development discourse--his case study of Colombia demonstrates that the economization of food resulted in ambitious plans, and more hunger. To depict the production of knowledge and power in other development fields, the author shows how peasants, women, and nature became objects of knowledge and targets of power under the "gaze of experts." In a substantial new introduction, Escobar reviews debates on globalization and postdevelopment since the book's original publication in 1995 and argues that the concept of postdevelopment needs to be redefined to meet today's significantly new conditions. He then calls for the development of a field of "pluriversal studies," which he illustrates with examples from recent Latin American movements.

Evolution and Design of Institutions

Evolution and Design of Institutions Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christian Schubert,Georg Von Wangenheim
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134187149
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Evolution and Design of Institutions by Christian Schubert,Georg Von Wangenheim Summary

This book comprises nine papers approaching designed institutions and their interplay with spontaneous institutions from various angles. While the evolution of spontaneous institutions is quite well understood in economic thinking, the development of consciously designed institutions has been examined much less. In new institutional economics, public choice, and law and economics the interaction between changing preferences and spontaneously evolving institutions on the one hand and the evolution of designed institutions (as, e.g., legal systems) on the other hand has largely been ignored. A number of top class international contributors have been assembled to study this phenomenon including Viktor Vanberg, Bruno Frey, Elinor Ostrom and Francesco Parisi.

The Wealth of Networks

The Wealth of Networks Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yochai Benkler
Editor: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300127235
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The Wealth of Networks by Yochai Benkler Summary

Describes how patterns of information, knowledge, and cultural production are changing. The author shows that the way information and knowledge are made available can either limit or enlarge the ways people create and express themselves. He describes the range of legal and policy choices that confront.

A History of the Seventies: The political, cultural, social and economic developments that shaped the modern world

A History of the Seventies: The political, cultural, social and economic developments that shaped the modern world Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bas Dianda
Editor: Vernon Press
ISBN: 1622735897
FileSize: 1976kb
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A History of the Seventies: The political, cultural, social and economic developments that shaped the modern world by Bas Dianda Summary

Relegated to the back bench, the Seventies are often considered as no more than a bridge between the more momentous decades of the Sixties and Eighties. However, delving into this historical period, this book asks; how significant were the Seventies in terms of political, economic and cultural developments? And, to what extent did this decade change the course of the second half of the twentieth century? Seeking to uncover the extraordinary transformative capacity of this era, this book reveals how important events from this decade marked history for many years to come. Grounded in a ‘history of developments,’ this book investigates connections of causality or concomitant causality with events that were yet to come. The first part of this volume traces the economic, political and cultural trends that prevailed during this decade, before turning its attention to the legacies of the Seventies and the events that changed the course of history and that are still having repercussions to this day. From the oil crisis to microwaves, this book offers an in-depth and complete look at the Seventies that will not only be of interest to historians and economists, but also sociologists and those intrigued by the evolution of political, economic and cultural developments.

Institutions and Comparative Economic Development

Institutions and Comparative Economic Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: M. Aoki,G. Roland,Timur Kuran
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137034017
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Institutions and Comparative Economic Development by M. Aoki,G. Roland,Timur Kuran Summary

This collection of essays from eminent scholars discusses different phases and measures of economic development, evaluating the success of national economic transitions and providing valuable policy lessons for developing economies.

Global Diasporas and Development

Global Diasporas and Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sadananda Sahoo,B.K. Pattanaik
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8132210476
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Global Diasporas and Development by Sadananda Sahoo,B.K. Pattanaik Summary

​This volume discusses how diasporas have evolved and engaged in economic, social and cultural domains of their host and home countries across the globe. The volume is divided into six parts: Issues, Challenges and Development Experiences; Diaspora Finance and Economic Development; Knowledge Transfer and Diasporas; The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion; Gender and Diasporas; and Representation in Film, Theatre and Literature. It is truly a global representation of diasporic engagement. Its contributions come from experts in various disciplines across the globe, and the chapters cover socioeconomic, policy-related and cultural elements in countries as far apart as New Zealand and Zimbabwe. The contributors discuss major issues related to local communities' engagement with the diaspora and diaspora--home relations in Africa, West Asia, South and South-east Asia, Australia and New Zealand, China, and the USA, providing a panoramic view of diasporic flows in the twenty-first century. The interdisciplinary thrust of the volume, together with its global focus, makes this volume useful to researchers, academics and experts from the social sciences, population sciences and development studies, as also to analysts and policymakers across the world.

'Singapore''s Economic Development'

'Singapore''s Economic Development' Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Linda Y C Lim
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814723487
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'Singapore''s Economic Development' by Linda Y C Lim Summary

' Singapore is known internationally for its successful economic development. Key to its economic successes is a variety of policies put into place over the past 50 years since its independence. Singapore''s Economic Development: Retrospection and Reflections provides a retrospective analysis of independent Singapore''s economic development, from the perspective of different policy domains each considered by different expert scholars in that particular field. The book is written by academic economists in a style that is accessible to non-experts. Each chapter includes reviews of past scholarship, current data on each policy area, and reflections on required or desirable future policy changes and outcomes. By examining the evolution of past and current policies which combined to make Singapore''s development a success and exploring emerging developmental challenges, Singapore''s Economic Development: Retrospection and Reflections gives readers a better understanding of Singapore''s economic trajectory and future. Contents:Fifty Years of Development in the Singapore Economy: An Introductory Review (Linda Y C Lim)Governance and Economic Change in Singapore (Lee Soo Ann)Lessons of Singapore''s Development for Other Developing Economies (Tilak Abeysinghe)The Role of the State in Singapore: Pragmatism in Pursuit of Growth (Tan Kim Song and Manu Bhaskaran)Monetary Policy and Financial Sector Development (Peter Wilson)Public Financial Management in Singapore: Key Characteristics and Prospects (Mukul G Asher, Azad Singh Bali and Chang Yee Kwan)Labor, Productivity and Singapore''s Development Model (Pang Eng Fong and Linda Y C Lim)Globalization and Regionalization: Singapore''s Trade and FDI (Chia Siow Yue)Singapore''s Demographic Transition, the Labor Force and Government Policies: The Last 50 Years (Yap Mui Teng and Christopher Gee)Singapore''s Housing Policies: Responding to the Challenges of Economic Transitions (Sock-Yong Phang)Adding a Basic Pillar to the Central Provident Fund System: An Actuarial Analysis (Ngee-Choon Chia)Being Poor in a Rich "Nanny State": Developments in Singapore Social Welfare (Irene Y H Ng)Energy and Environmental Policy (Youngho Chang)About the Contributors Readership: General readers, researchers and academics alike who are interested in Singapore''s economics and development since its independence. Key Features:It is a multi-author volume covering different policy areas all focused on economic development, thus providing both depth and breadth. The authors are all established senior Singaporean or Singapore-based scholars known for their expertise in the specific policy area each addressesIt provides both a comprehensive historical overview and an up-to-date contemporary analysisIt identifies not only the well-known successes of the past but also the challenges of the present and future now that Singapore is an ageing, affluent, mature economy, identifying limitations of past and current policies and suggesting possible changesKeywords:Singapore;Economy;Development'

Conservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Kenya

Conservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Kenya Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anne-Marie Deisser,Mugwima Njuguna
Editor: UCL Press
ISBN: 1910634840
FileSize: 1077kb
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Conservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Kenya by Anne-Marie Deisser,Mugwima Njuguna Summary

In Kenya, cultural and natural heritage has a particular value. Its pre-historic heritage not only tells the story of man's origin and evolution but has also contributed to the understanding of the earth's history: fossils and artefacts spanning over 27 million years have been discovered and conserved by the National Museums of Kenya (NMK). Alongside this, the steady rise in the market value of African art has also affected Kenya. Demand for African tribal art has surpassed that for antiquities of Roman, Byzantine, and Egyptian origin, and in African countries currently experiencing conflicts, this activity invariably attracts looters, traffickers and criminal networks. This book brings together essays by heritage experts from different backgrounds, including conservation, heritage management, museum studies, archaeology, environment and social sciences, architecture and landscape, geography, philosophy and economics to explore three key themes: the underlying ethics, practices and legal issues of heritage conservation; the exploration of architectural and urban heritage of Nairobi; and the natural heritage, landscapes and sacred sites in relation to local Kenyan communities and tourism. It thus provides an overview of conservation practices in Kenya from 2000 to 2015 and highlights the role of natural and cultural heritage as a key factor of social-economic development, and as a potential instrument for conflict resolution

The Economics of Uniqueness

The Economics of Uniqueness Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Guido Licciardi,Rana Amirtahmasebi
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821397060
FileSize: 1837kb
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The Economics of Uniqueness by Guido Licciardi,Rana Amirtahmasebi Summary

In a world where half of the population lives in cities and more than 90 percent of urban growth is occurring in the developing world, cities struggle to modernize without completely losing their unique character, which is embodied by their historic cores and cultural heritage assets. As countries develop, cultural heritage can provide a crucial element of continuity and stability: the past can become a foundation for the future. This book collects innovative research papers authored by leading scholars and practitioners in heritage economics, and presents the most current knowledge on how heritage assets can serve as drivers of local economic development. What this book tries to suggest is a workable approach to explicitly take into account the cultural dimensions of urban regeneration in agglomerations that have a history and possess a unique character, going beyond an approach based solely on major cultural heritage assets or landmarks. The knowledge disseminated through this book will help stakeholders involved in preparation, implementation, and supervision of development investments to better assess the values of cultural heritage assets and incorporate them in urban development policies.

Managing Service, Education and Knowledge Management in the Knowledge Economic Era

Managing Service, Education and Knowledge Management in the Knowledge Economic Era Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ford Lumban Gaol,Natalia Filimonova,Fonny Hutagalung
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351978160
FileSize: 972kb
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Managing Service, Education and Knowledge Management in the Knowledge Economic Era by Ford Lumban Gaol,Natalia Filimonova,Fonny Hutagalung Summary

Managing Service, Education and Knowledge Management in the Knowledge Economic Era contains papers that were originally presented at the 2016 International Congress on Management and Technology in Knowledge, Service, Tourism & Hospitality (SERVE 2016), held 8-9 October 2016 & 20-21 October 2016, in Jakarta, Indonesia & at the Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia. The contributions deal with various interdisciplinary research topics, particularly in the fields of social sciences, education, economics and arts. The papers focus especially on such topics as language, cultural studies, economics, behavior studies, political sciences, media and communication, psychology and human development. These proceedings should be of interest to academics and professionals in the wider field of social sciences, including disciplines such as education, psychology, tourism and knowledge management.

OECD Studies on Tourism Tourism and the Creative Economy

OECD Studies on Tourism Tourism and the Creative Economy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: OECD
Editor: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264207872
FileSize: 1153kb
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OECD Studies on Tourism Tourism and the Creative Economy by OECD Summary

This report examines the growing relationship between tourism and the creative industries in a variety of contexts in order to guide the development of effective policies to develop added value from the emerging relationship and ensure coherency across governments.

Postcolonialism, Decoloniality and Development

Postcolonialism, Decoloniality and Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Cheryl McEwan
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351713140
FileSize: 1429kb
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Postcolonialism, Decoloniality and Development by Cheryl McEwan Summary

Postcolonialism, Decoloniality and Development is a comprehensive revision of Postcolonialism and Development (2009) that explains, reviews and critically evaluates recent debates about postcolonial and decolonial approaches and their implications for development studies. By outlining contemporary theoretical debates and examining their implications for how the developing world is thought about, written about and engaged with in policy terms, this book unpacks the difficult, complex and important aspects of the relationships between postcolonial theory, decoloniality and development studies. The book focuses on the importance of development discourses, the relationship between development knowledge and power, and agency within development. It includes significant new material exploring the significance of postcolonial approaches to understanding development in the context of rapid global change and the dissonances and interconnections between postcolonial theory and decolonial politics. It includes a new chapter on postcolonial theory, development and the Anthropocene that considers the challenges posed by the current global environmental crisis to both postcolonial theory and ideas of development. The book sets out an original and timely agenda for exploring the intersections between postcolonialism, decolonialism and development and provides an outline for a coherent and reinvigorated project of postcolonial development studies. Engaging with new and emerging debates in the fields of postcolonialism and development, and illustrating these through current issues, the book continues to set agendas for diverse scholars working in the fields of development studies, geography, anthropology, politics, cultural studies and history.

Sociology and Economics for Engineers

Sociology and Economics for Engineers Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Premvir Kapoor
ISBN: 9386173026
FileSize: 1330kb
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Sociology and Economics for Engineers by Premvir Kapoor Summary

The book will help the students to understand variety of economics and sociological issues and concepts. It shall provide to them an insight and knowledge to understand the impact of developments in business and society. The book will meet the requirements of the engineers to evaluate the comparison of alternatives that involve spending money and their likely outcomes.

Handbook of Economic Growth

Handbook of Economic Growth Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Philippe Aghion,Steven Durlauf
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 008046114X
FileSize: 1623kb
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Handbook of Economic Growth by Philippe Aghion,Steven Durlauf Summary

The Handbooks in Economics series continues to provide the various branches of economics with handbooks which are definitive reference sources, suitable for use by professional researchers, advanced graduate students, or by those seeking a teaching supplement. The Handbook of Economic Growth, edited by Philippe Aghion and Steven Durlauf, with an introduction by Robert Solow, features in-depth, authoritative survey articles by the leading economists working on growth theory. Volume 1a, the first in this two volume set, covers theories of economic growth, the empirics of economic growth, and growth policies and mechanisms. Volume 1b, the second in this two volume set, covers technology, trade and geography, and growth and socio-economic development.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

The Fourth Industrial Revolution Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Klaus Schwab
Editor: Currency
ISBN: 1524758876
FileSize: 1389kb
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The Fourth Industrial Revolution by Klaus Schwab Summary

World-renowned economist Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, explains that we have an opportunity to shape the fourth industrial revolu­tion, which will fundamentally alter how we live and work. Schwab argues that this revolution is different in scale, scope and complexity from any that have come before. Characterized by a range of new technologies that are fusing the physical, digital and biological worlds, the developments are affecting all disciplines, economies, industries and governments, and even challenging ideas about what it means to be human. Artificial intelligence is already all around us, from supercomputers, drones and virtual assistants to 3D printing, DNA sequencing, smart thermostats, wear­able sensors and microchips smaller than a grain of sand. But this is just the beginning: nanomaterials 200 times stronger than steel and a million times thinner than a strand of hair and the first transplant of a 3D printed liver are already in development. Imagine “smart factories” in which global systems of manu­facturing are coordinated virtually, or implantable mobile phones made of biosynthetic materials. The fourth industrial revolution, says Schwab, is more significant, and its ramifications more profound, than in any prior period of human history. He outlines the key technologies driving this revolution and discusses the major impacts expected on government, business, civil society and individu­als. Schwab also offers bold ideas on how to harness these changes and shape a better future—one in which technology empowers people rather than replaces them; progress serves society rather than disrupts it; and in which innovators respect moral and ethical boundaries rather than cross them. We all have the opportunity to contribute to developing new frame­works that advance progress.

Political Crises, Social Conflict and Economic Development

Political Crises, Social Conflict and Economic Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrés Solimano
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781845425715
FileSize: 481kb
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Political Crises, Social Conflict and Economic Development by Andrés Solimano Summary

Political Crises, Social Conflict and Economic Development is a rare attempt to undertake comparative political economy analysis of the Andean region and thus represents a welcome contribution. . . It is clearly written and will engage scholars interested in Latin America from a wide range of disciplines. Jonathan di John, Journal of Agrarian Change This collection of essays on the political economy of the Andean region goes to the heart of the struggle these smaller economies face in completing crucial reforms and achieving higher growth. Andrés Solimano has brought together the best and the brightest talent from each country, the result being the most compelling analysis ever of how enclave development and a historical dependence on primary exports renders these countries distinctly Andean. As the essays argue, the political solutions and economic remedies must address this phenomenon, rather than mimicking those strategies of the larger emerging market countries in the region. Carol Wise, University of Southern California, US The contributors to this authoritative volume analyze the impact of political crises and social conflict on economic performance in the Andean region of Latin America. The blend of theory and case studies is also relevant for understanding other complex societies in the developing world and transition economies. The book provides illuminating insights on how to understand, and survive, the complicated interactions between volatile politics, unstable democracies, violence, social inequality and uneven economic performance. Recent political economy theories are combined with valuable quantitative and qualitative information on presidential crises, breakdowns of democracy, constitutional reforms, quality of institutions, and social inequality and exclusion to understand actual country realities. Part I provides the conceptual framework and a regional perspective of the book. Part II contains five political economy country studies Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela written by leading scholars in the field and former senior policymakers, including a former President. Together, the chapters highlight the detrimental effects of political instability and social conflict on economic growth and stability, as well as the feedback effects from poor economic performance on political instability and institutional fragility. The country studies warn that narrow economic reforms that do not pay adequate attention to politics, institutions and social structures are bound to fail in bringing lasting prosperity and stability to complex societies. Examining new and rich information on episodes of political turmoil, military interventions, forced presidential resignations, constitutional reforms and social uprisings, this book will be required reading for all those interested in the interface of politics and economic development.

Private Enterprise-Led Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Private Enterprise-Led Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Kuada
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137534451
FileSize: 1918kb
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Private Enterprise-Led Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa by John Kuada Summary

Private Enterprise-Led Development in Sub-Saharan Africa provides a novel theoretical and conceptual model to guide research into Africa's economic development. It endorses the view that private enterprise-led growth will help reduce poverty since it strengthens individuals' capacity to care for themselves and their families.

Human Rights, Export Credits and Development Cooperation

Human Rights, Export Credits and Development Cooperation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Barbara Linder
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1788119762
FileSize: 1686kb
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Human Rights, Export Credits and Development Cooperation by Barbara Linder Summary

This book analyses to what extent the current human rights system allows affected individuals to claim accountability for human rights violations resulting from bilateral development and export credit agency supported undertakings. The author explores three legal pathways: host state responsibility, home state responsibility and corporate responsibility. The book concludes with recommendations on how to strengthen human rights accountability and improve access to justice for adversely affected individuals. It will be of great interest to those researching the intersection between human rights, development cooperation, and investment.