Download New Oxford American Dictionary Third Edition Pdf

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The Routledge Student Guide to English Usage

The Routledge Student Guide to English Usage Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317391179
FileSize: 1866kb
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The Routledge Student Guide to English Usage by Summary

The Routledge Student Guide to English Usage is an invaluable A–Z guide to the appropriate use of English in academic contexts. The first part of the book covers approximately 4000 carefully selected words, focusing on groups of confusable words that sound alike, look alike or are frequently mixed up. The authors help to solve academic dilemmas, such as correct usage of the apostrophe and the crucial difference between infer and imply. Examples of good usage are drawn from corpora such as the British National Corpus and the Corpus of Contemporary American English. The second part covers the key characteristics of formal English in a substantial reference section, comprising: • stylistic features • punctuation • English grammar • the use of numbers • email writing. This is the essential reference text for all students working on improving their academic writing skills. Visit the companion website for a range of supporting exercises:

Audio Anecdotes III

Audio Anecdotes III Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ken Greenebaum,Ronen Barzel
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000713385
FileSize: 347kb
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Audio Anecdotes III by Ken Greenebaum,Ronen Barzel Summary

This collection of articles provides practical and relevant tools, tips, and techniques for those working in the digital audio field. Volume III, with contributions from experts in their fields, includes articles on a variety of topics, including: - Recording Music - Sound Synthesis - Voice Synthesis - Speech Processing - Applied Signal Processing

The Copyeditor's Handbook

The Copyeditor's Handbook Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Amy Einsohn,Marilyn Schwartz
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520972279
FileSize: 788kb
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The Copyeditor's Handbook by Amy Einsohn,Marilyn Schwartz Summary

Unstuffy, hip, and often funny, The Copyeditor’s Handbook has become an indispensable resource both for new editors and for experienced hands who want to refresh their skills and broaden their understanding of the craft of copyediting. This fourth edition incorporates the latest advice from language authorities, usage guides, and new editions of major style manuals, including The Chicago Manual of Style. It registers the tectonic shifts in twenty-first-century copyediting: preparing text for digital formats, using new technologies, addressing global audiences, complying with plain language mandates, ensuring accessibility, and serving self-publishing authors and authors writing in English as a second language. The new edition also adds an extensive annotated list of editorial tools and references and includes a bit of light entertainment for language lovers, such as a brief history of punctuation marks that didn’t make the grade, the strange case of razbliuto, and a few Easter eggs awaiting discovery by keen-eyed readers. The fourth edition features updates on the transformation of editorial roles in today’s publishing environment new applications, processes, and protocols for on-screen editing major changes in editorial resources, such as online dictionaries and language corpora, new grammar and usage authorities, online editorial communities, and web-based research tools When you’re ready to test your mettle, pick up The Copyeditor’s Workbook: Exercises and Tips for Honing Your Editorial Judgment, the essential new companion to the handbook.

Modelling Spatial and Spatial-Temporal Data: A Bayesian Approach

Modelling Spatial and Spatial-Temporal Data: A Bayesian Approach Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert P. Haining,Guangquan Li
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482237431
FileSize: 1633kb
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Modelling Spatial and Spatial-Temporal Data: A Bayesian Approach by Robert P. Haining,Guangquan Li Summary

Modelling Spatial and Spatial-Temporal Data: A Bayesian Approach is aimed at statisticians and quantitative social, economic and public health students and researchers who work with spatial and spatial-temporal data. It assumes a grounding in statistical theory up to the standard linear regression model. The book compares both hierarchical and spatial econometric modelling, providing both a reference and a teaching text with exercises in each chapter. The book provides a fully Bayesian, self-contained, treatment of the underlying statistical theory, with chapters dedicated to substantive applications. The book includes WinBUGS code and R code and all datasets are available online. Part I covers fundamental issues arising when modelling spatial and spatial-temporal data. Part II focuses on modelling cross-sectional spatial data and begins by describing exploratory methods that help guide the modelling process. There are then two theoretical chapters on Bayesian models and a chapter of applications. Two chapters follow on spatial econometric modelling, one describing different models, the other substantive applications. Part III discusses modelling spatial-temporal data, first introducing models for time series data. Exploratory methods for detecting different types of space-time interaction are presented followed by two chapters on the theory of space-time separable (without space-time interaction) and inseparable (with space-time interaction) models. An applications chapter includes: the evaluation of a policy intervention; analysing the temporal dynamics of crime hotspots; chronic disease surveillance; and testing for evidence of spatial spillovers in the spread of an infectious disease. A final chapter suggests some future directions and challenges.

Regulatory Freedom and Indirect Expropriation in Investment Arbitration

Regulatory Freedom and Indirect Expropriation in Investment Arbitration Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Aniruddha Rajput
Editor: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9403506253
FileSize: 380kb
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Regulatory Freedom and Indirect Expropriation in Investment Arbitration by Aniruddha Rajput Summary

Many investment arbitration cases involve a challenge to a regulatory measure of a host state on the basis of indirect expropriation. The practice of arbitral tribunals is diverse and unsettled. In recent years States have been trying to clarify the relationship between regulatory freedom (also known as 'police powers') and indirect expropriation by revising provisions on indirect expropriation in their investment treaties. This book provides the first focused analysis of indirect expropriation and regulatory freedom, drawing on a broad range of the jurisprudence of investment tribunals. The nature of regulatory freedom in international law has been explained on the bases of jurisprudence of international courts and tribunals such as the International Court of Justice (ICJ), Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), dispute resolution bodies of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), European Court of Human Rights. While showing how cases involving standoff between regulatory freedom and indirect expropriation can be resolved in practice, the book goes on to present a conceptual framework for interpreting the nuances of this relationship. The book provides a detailed responses to the following complex questions: • To what extent do states retain regulatory freedom after entering into investment treaties? • What is the scope of regulatory freedom in general public international law? • What are the elements of regulatory freedom and standard of review? • How to draw a dividing line between regulatory freedom and indirect expropriation? • Whether the sole effects doctrine or the police powers is the appropriate method for distinguishing between regulatory freedom and indirect expropriation? While addressing these questions, the author analyses different theoretical approaches that reflect upon the relationship between regulatory freedom and indirect expropriation and how far they assist in understanding these potentially overlapping concepts; their relationship with each other; and the method for distinguishing between them. Given the dense network of around three thousand bilateral investment treaties (BITs) that impose an obligation to protect foreign investments in a State, this book will help practitioners identify, through analysis of cases from diverse fields, how a situation may be categorized either as regulatory freedom or as indirect expropriation. The analysis will also be of value to government officials and lawyers involved in negotiating and re-negotiating investment treaties, and to arbitrators who have to decide these issues. Scholars will welcome the book's keen insight into the contentious relationship between a customary international law norm and a treaty norm.

Internationalization, Technological Change and the Theory of the Firm

Internationalization, Technological Change and the Theory of the Firm Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nicola De Liso,Riccardo Leoncini
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136934111
FileSize: 573kb
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Internationalization, Technological Change and the Theory of the Firm by Nicola De Liso,Riccardo Leoncini Summary

This book focuses on three main areas, each of which is central to economic theorising: firms’ organisation and behaviour, technological change and the process of globalisation. Each subject can be analysed by using different methods, which range from purely theoretical abstractions to case studies and from econometrics to simulations. What this collection provides is a broad view of the three topics by concentrating on different aspects of each of them, and utilising different methods of investigation. Internationalization, Technological Change and the Theory of the Firm looks in detail at various questions surrounding firms’ organisation, including why we can observe ordered paths of production, whether proximity between firms matters, and whether patenting is always worthwhile. In addition, several essays explore technology and innovation, including the persistence-cum-development of old technologies. Furthermore, this book focuses on those processes which concern small- and medium-sized firms, considering the usefulness of stage theory, the possibilities of production off-shoring and the skill composition of manufacturing firms. Overall, the book is characterised by original ideas, renewed applications of mathematical and statistical methods and the use of new databases. This valuable collection will be of interest to postgraduates and researchers focusing on innovation, theories of the firm and globalisation; and should also be useful to a professional readership as it presents up-to-date research with the aim of improving our understanding of the phenomena of technological change, firms’ strategies, and globalisation.

Maritime Dynamics in the Indo-Pacific

Maritime Dynamics in the Indo-Pacific Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dr Vijay Sakhuja,Dr Kapil Narula
Editor: Vij Books India Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 9385563483
FileSize: 1517kb
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Maritime Dynamics in the Indo-Pacific by Dr Vijay Sakhuja,Dr Kapil Narula Summary

The maritime domain is increasingly gaining salience and the emerging dynamics in the Indo-Pacific region are highly pronounced. These influence the international security architecture and impact on the regional stability affecting India’s national interests. This book views the evolving strategic dynamics in the Indo-Pacific region from the prism of geopolitics, economics, diplomacy, environment and multilateralism and examines their possible implications for India.

A Difficult Transition

A Difficult Transition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mandira Sharma,Seira Tamang
Editor: Zubaan
ISBN: 9385932128
FileSize: 646kb
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A Difficult Transition by Mandira Sharma,Seira Tamang Summary

The Sexual Violence and Impunity in South Asia research project (coordinated by Zubaan and supported by the International Development Research Centre) brings together, for the first time in the region, a vast body of research on this important – yet silenced – subject. Six country volumes (one each on Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and two on India, as well as two standalone volumes) comprising over fifty research papers and two book-length studies, detail the histories of sexual violence and look at the systemic, institutional, societal, individual and community structures that work together to perpetuate impunity for perpetrators. The essays in this volume focus on Nepal, which though not directly colonized, has not remained immune from the influence of colonialism in its neighbourhood. In addition to home-grown feudal patriarchal structures, the writers in this volume clearly demonstrate that it is the larger colonial and post-colonial context of the subcontinent that has enabled the structuring of inequalities and power relations in ways that today allow for widespread sexual violence and impunity in the country – through legal systems, medical regimes and social institutions. The period after the 1990 democratic movement, the subsequent political transformation in the aftermath of the Maoist insurgency and the writing of the new constitution, has seen an increase in public discussion about sexual violence. The State has brought in a slew of legislation and action plans to address this problem. And yet, impunity for perpetrators remains intact and justice elusive. What are the structures that enable such impunity? What can be done to radically transform these? How must States understand the search for justice for victims and survivors of sexual violence? This volume addresses these and related issues. Published by Zubaan.

Mixed Methods Research for TESOL

Mixed Methods Research for TESOL Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Brown
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 074869806X
FileSize: 1934kb
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Mixed Methods Research for TESOL by James Brown Summary

Defining and discussing the relevance of theoretical and practical issues involved in mixed methods research. Covering the basics of research methodology, this textbook shows you how to choose and combine quantitative and qualitative research methods to b

Handbook for Arabic Language Teaching Professionals in the 21st Century

Handbook for Arabic Language Teaching Professionals in the 21st Century Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kassem M. Wahba,Liz England,Zeinab A. Taha
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317384202
FileSize: 1823kb
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Handbook for Arabic Language Teaching Professionals in the 21st Century by Kassem M. Wahba,Liz England,Zeinab A. Taha Summary

Drawing on the collective expertise of language scholars and educators in a variety of subdisciplines, the Handbook for Arabic Language Teaching Professionals in the 21st Century, Volume II, provides a comprehensive treatment of teaching and research in Arabic as a second and foreign language worldwide. Keeping a balance among theory, research and practice, the content is organized around 12 themes: Trends and Recent Issues in Teaching and Learning Arabic Social, Political and Educational Contexts of Arabic Language Teaching and Learning Identifying Core Issues in Practice Language Variation, Communicative Competence and Using Frames in Arabic Language Teaching and Learning Arabic Programs: Goals, Design and Curriculum Teaching and Learning Approaches: Content-Based Instruction and Curriculum Arabic Teaching and Learning: Classroom Language Materials and Language Corpora Assessment, Testing and Evaluation Methodology of Teaching Arabic: Skills and Components Teacher Education and Professional Development Technology-Mediated Teaching and Learning Future Directions The field faces new challenges since the publication of Volume I, including increasing and diverse demands, motives and needs for learning Arabic across various contexts of use; a need for accountability and academic research given the growing recognition of the complexity and diverse contexts of teaching Arabic; and an increasing shortage of and need for quality of instruction. Volume II addresses these challenges. It is designed to generate a dialogue—continued from Volume I—among professionals in the field leading to improved practice, and to facilitate interactions, not only among individuals but also among educational institutions within a single country and across different countries.

Risiko Milch

Risiko Milch Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alissa Hamilton
Editor: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641214033
FileSize: 447kb
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Risiko Milch by Alissa Hamilton Summary

Die Annahme, Kuhmilch sei für uns Menschen gesund und lebenswichtig, ist in unserer Gesellschaft tief verwurzelt. Mit Slogans wie „Milch macht müde Männer munter“ oder aufwendigen Kampagnen, in denen Promis mit Milchbart posieren, hat die Werbung alles Mögliche getan, um diesen Glauben zu stärken. Doch mittlerweile sind erhebliche Zweifel aufgekommen. Denn dass 75 Prozent aller Erwachsenen unter Laktoseintoleranz leiden, kann kein Zufall sein. Dieses Buch räumt auf mit dem Milch-Mythos. Eindringlich führt uns die Autorin vor Augen, wie das „weiße Gold“ unserer Gesundheit und Umwelt schadet und welche Rolle wirtschaftliche Interessen dabei spielen. Weg mit dem Milchbart – vegan ist das neue vegetarisch! Dieser Titel ist bereits unter dem Titel »Die Milch macht's!« im Riemann Verlag erschienen.