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Politics and Administration

Politics and Administration Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351308270
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Politics and Administration by Summary

The conventional model for explaining the uniqueness of American democracy is its division between executive, legislative, and judicial functions. It was the great contribution of Frank J. Goodnow to codify a less obvious, but no less profound element: the distinction between politics and policies, principles and operations. He showed how the United States went beyond a nation based on government by gentlemen and then one based on the spoils system brought about by the Jacksonian revolt against the Eastern Establishment, into a government that separated political officials from civil administrators. Goodnow contends that the civil service reformers persuasively argued that the separation of administration from politics, far from destroying the democratic links with the people, actually served to enhance democracy. While John Rohr, in his outstanding new introduction carefully notes loopholes in the theoretical scaffold of Goodnow's argument, he is also careful to express his appreciation of the pragmatic ground for this new sense of government as needing a partnership of the elected and the appointed. Goodnow was profoundly influenced by European currents, especially the Hegelian. As a result, the work aims at a political philosophy meant to move considerably beyond the purely pragmatic needs of government. For it was the relationships, the need for national unity in a country that was devised to account for and accommodate pluralism and diversity, that attracted Goodnow's legal background and normative impulses alike. That issues of legitimacy and power distribution were never entirely resolved by Goodnow does not alter the fact that this is perhaps the most important work, along with that of James Bryce, to emerge from this formative period to connect processes of governance with systems of democracy.

The Palgrave Handbook of Public Administration and Management in Europe

The Palgrave Handbook of Public Administration and Management in Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edoardo Ongaro,Sandra Van Thiel
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137552697
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The Palgrave Handbook of Public Administration and Management in Europe by Edoardo Ongaro,Sandra Van Thiel Summary

This Handbook offers a systematic review of state-of-the-art knowledge on public administration in Europe. Covering the theoretical, epistemological and practical aspects of the field, it focuses on how public administration operates and is studied in European countries. In sixty-three chapters, written by leading scholars, this Handbook considers the uniqueness of the European situation through an interdisciplinary and comparative lens, focusing on the administrative diversity which results from the multiplicity of countries, languages, schools of thought and streams of investigation across Europe. It addresses issues such as multi-level administration and governance, intensive cross country cooperation in administrative reform policy, and public accountability under different systems. It also considers the issue of welfare service delivery, at a time of major economic and societal challenges, as well as understudied emerging issues like Islamic Public Administration and the dynamics of public sector negotiations. With contributions from key experts in Public Administration and Public Management, this cutting edge Handbook offers a significant contribution to the field of comparative public administration, policy and management.

The CQ Press Writing Guide for Public Policy

The CQ Press Writing Guide for Public Policy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew Pennock
Editor: CQ Press
ISBN: 1506348793
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The CQ Press Writing Guide for Public Policy by Andrew Pennock Summary

Winner of the 2019 Textbook Excellence Award ("Texty") from the Textbook & Academic Authors Association (TAA) "At the heart of policy analysis is giving advice about public issues, and the key to persuasive advice is clear and credible communication. In the CQ Press Writing Guide for Public Policy, Andrew Pennock draws on his years of experience as a professor, committee staffer, and policy consultant to impart useful, practical lessons on how to write more effective issue briefs, legislative testimony, memos, policy histories and op/ eds. Pennock provides potent insights into how to create first drafts, how to sharpen prose, how to communicate about complicated tables and figures, and how to write for nontraditional formats such as email and social media. This terrific book presents dozens of concrete tips and step-by-step instructions that should be required reading for all student in public affairs undergraduate and graduate-level programs." —Eric M. Patashnik, Brown University The CQ Press Writing Guide for Public Policy is loaded with rich real world examples that help students master the process of translating insightful policy analysis into clear policy recommendations. Known for his conversational writing style, author Andrew Pennock offers step-by-step instructions on how to write for a variety of genres in a style that policy makers expect. Focusing on an audience-centered approach, students first learn how to create and organize an argument based on the unique needs and expectations of policy makers. The book then moves onto the nuts and bolts of how to write for a policy audience, with special consideration of ethics and working with visual and technical material. Finally, the book provides practical guidance on writing in specific policy genres: policy memos, briefs, Op-Eds, press releases, written testimony, social media, and emails. Key Features: Basic policy writing tasks help students write sentences, paragraphs and sections that make sense to readers (and to professors!). Students also learn how to create professional quality tables and figures that support their argument as well as how to package these components together effectively to communicate with policy makers. Six separate chapters for various public policy genres (issue briefs, legislative histories, decision memos, testimony, op-eds, and new media) provide students with an overview of the genre, several examples, and an analysis of each example. Current examples from across the field of public policy keep students engaged by connecting the concepts to current topics such as public health (the opioid epidemic, Native-American healthcare, lead poisoning), education (early childhood, school governance), criminal justice (sexting laws, ban-the-box), business regulation (AirBnB, renewable energy, drug pricing), security policy (cyber-security, foreign asset control), and social policy (physician assisted suicide). Bundle with a SAGE | CQ Press text for only $5 more! Your students only pay $5 A Guide to Writing for Public Policy when you bundle it with the print version of the following textbooks: Rinfret: Public Policy Peters: American Public Policy, 11e Kraft: Public Policy, 6e Bardach: A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis 5e

Political Parties

Political Parties Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert Michels
Editor: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412831164
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Political Parties by Robert Michels Summary

Considerations on Representative Government

Considerations on Representative Government Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Stuart Mill
Editor: VM eBooks
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Considerations on Representative Government by John Stuart Mill Summary

Those who have done me the honor of reading my previous writings will probably receive no strong impression of novelty from the present volume; for the principles are those to which I have been working up during the greater part of my life, and most of the practical suggestions have been anticipated by others or by myself. There is novelty, however, in the fact of bringing them together, and exhibiting them in their connection, and also, I believe, in much that is brought forward in their support. Several of the opinions at all events, if not new, are for the present as little likely to meet with general acceptance as if they were. It seems to me, however, from various indications, and from none more than the recent debates on Reform of Parliament, that both Conservatives and Liberals (if I may continue to call them what they still call themselves) have lost confidence in the political creeds which they nominally profess, while neither side appears to have made any progress in providing itself with a better. Yet such a better doctrine must be possible; not a mere compromise, by splitting the difference between the two, but something wider than either, which, in virtue of its superior comprehensiveness, might be adopted by either Liberal or Conservative without renouncing any thing which he really feels to be valuable in his own creed. When so many feel obscurely the want of such a doctrine, and so few even flatter themselves that they have attained it, any one may without presumption, offer what his own thoughts, and the best that he knows of those of others, are able to contribute towards its formation.

The Politics

The Politics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Aristotle
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1625584989
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The Politics by Aristotle Summary

Every state is a community of some kind, and every community is established with a view to some good; for mankind always acts in order to obtain that which they think good. But, if all communities aim at some good, the state or political community, which is the highest of all, and which embraces all the rest, aims at good in a greater degree than any other, and at the highest good.

The Politics of Children's Services Reform

The Politics of Children's Services Reform Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Purcell, Carl
Editor: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447348796
FileSize: 1996kb
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The Politics of Children's Services Reform by Purcell, Carl Summary

Drawing on unique access to prominent policy makers including ministers, senior civil servants, local authority directors, and the leaders of children’s sector NGOs, Purcell re-examines two decades of children’s services reform under both Labour and Conservative-led governments. By closely examining the origins of Labour’s Every Child Matters programme, the Munro Review, and more recent Conservative reforms affecting child and family social workers, the impact of high profile child abuse cases, including Victoria Climbié and Baby P, are reassessed and the party-political drivers of successive waves of reform are revealed.

Administrative Law in the Political System

Administrative Law in the Political System Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kenneth Warren
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429757328
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Administrative Law in the Political System by Kenneth Warren Summary

Emphasizing that administrative law must be understood within the context of the political system, this core text combines a descriptive systems approach with a social science focus. Author Kenneth F. Warren explains the role of administrative law in shaping, guiding, and restricting the actions of administrative agencies. Providing comprehensive coverage, he examines the field not only from state and federal angles, but also from the varying perspectives of legislators, administrators, and the public. Substantially revised, the sixth edition emphasizes current trends in administrative law, recent court decisions, and the impact the Trump administration has had on public administration and administrative law. Special attention is devoted to how the neo-conservative revival, strengthened by Trump appointments to the federal judiciary, have influenced the direction of administrative law and impacted the administrative state. Administrative Law in the Political System: Law, Politics, and Regulatory Policy, Sixth Edition is a comprehensive administrative law textbook written by a social scientist for social science students, especially upper division undergraduate and graduate students in political science, public administration, public management, and public policy and administration programs.

Wait No More

Wait No More Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Benjamin Roseth,Angela Reyes,Pedro Farias,Miguel Porrúa,Harold Villalba,Sebastián Acevedo,Norma Peña,Elsa Estevez,Sebastián Linares Lejarraga,Pablo Fillotrani
Editor: Inter-American Development Bank
ISBN: 159782335X
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Wait No More by Benjamin Roseth,Angela Reyes,Pedro Farias,Miguel Porrúa,Harold Villalba,Sebastián Acevedo,Norma Peña,Elsa Estevez,Sebastián Linares Lejarraga,Pablo Fillotrani Summary

This book is about the smallest unit of public policy: the government transaction. Government transactions—requesting a birth certificate, registering a property, or opening a business, for example—are the way that citizens and companies connect with the government. Efficient transactions enhance the business climate, citizen perception of government, and access to crucial public programs and services. In Latin America and the Caribbean, however, government transactions are often headaches. Public institutions rarely coordinate with each other, still rely on paper, and are more concerned about fulfilling bureaucratic requirements than meeting citizens’ needs. Wait No More empirically confirms a reality known anecdotally but previously unquantified and offers a path to escape the bureaucratic maze.

The Politics of Adoption

The Politics of Adoption Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kerry O’Halloran
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030655881
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The Politics of Adoption by Kerry O’Halloran Summary

This book, which updates and expands the third edition published by Springer in 2015, explains, compares and evaluates the social and legal functions of adoption within a range of selected jurisdictions and on an international basis. From the standpoint of the development of adoption in England & Wales, and the changes currently taking place there, it considers the process as it has evolved in other countries. It also identifies themes of commonality and difference in the experience of adoption in a common law context, comparing and contrasting this with the experience under civil law and in Islamic countries and with that of indigenous people. This book includes new chapters examining adoption in Russia, Korea and Romania. Further, it uses the international conventions and the associated ECtHR case law to benchmark developments in national law, policy and practice and to facilitate a cross-cultural comparative analysis.

Administrative Burden

Administrative Burden Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pamela Herd,Donald P. Moynihan
Editor: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610448782
FileSize: 532kb
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Administrative Burden by Pamela Herd,Donald P. Moynihan Summary

Bureaucracy, confusing paperwork, and complex regulations—or what public policy scholars Pamela Herd and Donald Moynihan call administrative burdens—often introduce delay and frustration into our experiences with government agencies. Administrative burdens diminish the effectiveness of public programs and can even block individuals from fundamental rights like voting. In AdministrativeBurden, Herd and Moynihan document that the administrative burdens citizens regularly encounter in their interactions with the state are not simply unintended byproducts of governance, but the result of deliberate policy choices. Because burdens affect people’s perceptions of government and often perpetuate long-standing inequalities, understanding why administrative burdens exist and how they can be reduced is essential for maintaining a healthy public sector. Through in-depth case studies of federal programs and controversial legislation, the authors show that administrative burdens are the nuts-and-bolts of policy design. Regarding controversial issues such as voter enfranchisement or abortion rights, lawmakers often use administrative burdens to limit access to rights or services they oppose. For instance, legislators have implemented administrative burdens such as complicated registration requirements and strict voter-identification laws to suppress turnout of African American voters. Similarly, the right to an abortion is legally protected, but many states require women seeking abortions to comply with burdens such as mandatory waiting periods, ultrasounds, and scripted counseling. As Herd and Moynihan demonstrate, administrative burdens often disproportionately affect the disadvantaged who lack the resources to deal with the financial and psychological costs of navigating these obstacles. However, policymakers have sometimes reduced administrative burdens or shifted them away from citizens and onto the government. One example is Social Security, which early administrators of the program implemented in the 1930s with the goal of minimizing burdens for beneficiaries. As a result, the take-up rate is about 100 percent because the Social Security Administration keeps track of peoples’ earnings for them, automatically calculates benefits and eligibility, and simply requires an easy online enrollment or visiting one of 1,200 field offices. Making more programs and public services operate this efficiently, the authors argue, requires adoption of a nonpartisan, evidence-based metric for determining when and how to institute administrative burdens, with a bias toward reducing them. By ensuring that the public’s interaction with government is no more onerous than it need be, policymakers and administrators can reduce inequality, boost civic engagement, and build an efficient state that works for all citizens.

The Tools of Government

The Tools of Government Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lester M. Salamon
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199881278
FileSize: 672kb
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The Tools of Government by Lester M. Salamon Summary

The Tools of Government is the first professional guide to the principles and practices of public administration in an age when governments no longer provide many services--but arrange for others to do so. Characterized by extensive collaboration among levels of government and between government and the private sector, this new approach to solving public problems presents many new important issues. Comprehensive in scope, this new book offers a first hand look at the challenges faced by contracting out to nonprofit and profit sectors for grants, insurance, regulation, vouchers, cooperative arrangements, tax data, grants-in-aid, and others. The chapters examine over 20 different tools in use today and summarizes their basic features, patterns of usage, key tasks, political and substantive rational, and the major management challenges that each one poses. International in coverage and application, this book is ideal for students, teachers, and scholars in public administration, management, public policy, economics, political science, and nonprofit management; managers and heads of state, local, and federal agencies; executives in foundations and other nonprofit organizations; and academic, government, and research libraries.

Policy Analysis in Colombia

Policy Analysis in Colombia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sanabria-Pulido, Pablo,Rubaii, Nadia
Editor: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447347722
FileSize: 612kb
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Policy Analysis in Colombia by Sanabria-Pulido, Pablo,Rubaii, Nadia Summary

Leading Colombian academics and experienced policy practitioners cast new light on their country in this systematic overview of policy analysis for an international audience. Examining the historical development and current status of policy analysis as a field of study and in practice, it considers public policy analysis in government and the judiciary, and across domains including health, education and the military. Contributors also delve into Colombia’s notable success in economic regeneration, the management of cultural diversity and the resolution of long-term internal armed conflict. Not just an important summation of policy analysis in Colombia, this book also provides insights and lessons applicable elsewhere.

The Oxford Handbook of Identities in Organizations

The Oxford Handbook of Identities in Organizations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew D. Brown
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192561944
FileSize: 1773kb
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The Oxford Handbook of Identities in Organizations by Andrew D. Brown Summary

Conceived as the meanings that individuals attach to their selves, a substantial stockpile of theory related to identities accumulated across the arts, social sciences, and humanities over many decades continues to nourish contemporary research on self-identities in organizations. In times which are more reflexive, narcissistic, and fluid, the identities of participants in organizations are increasingly less fixed and less certain, making identity issues both more salient and more interesting. Particular attention has been given to processes of identity construction, often styled 'identity work'. Research has focused on how, why, and when such processes occur, and their implications for organizing and individual, group, and organizational outcomes. This has resulted in a burgeoning stream of research from discursive, dramaturgical, symbolic, socio-cognitive, and psychodynamic perspectives that most often casts individuals' efforts to fabricate identities as intentional, relational, and consequential. Seemingly intractable debates centred on the nature of identities - their relative stability or fluidity, whether they are best regarded as coherent or fractured, positive (or not), and how they are fabricated within relations of power - combined with other conceptual issues continue to invigorate the field. However, these debates have also led to some scepticism regarding the future potential of identities research. Yet as the chapters in this Handbook demonstrate, there are considerable grounds for optimism that identity, as root metaphor, nexus concept, and means to bridge levels of analysis has significant potential to generate multiple compelling streams of theorizing in organization and management studies.

Thirteen Cracks

Thirteen Cracks Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Allan Lichtman
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538156520
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Thirteen Cracks by Allan Lichtman Summary

America’s founders feared a president like Donald Trump. Through the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, they erected a fortified but constrained government to secure the benchmarks of our democracy and established the guardrails designed to protect it. But Trump pushed almost every one of the Framers’ safeguards to its limit—most held, but some broke under the weight of presidential abuses even the Framers did not foresee. Thirteen Cracks will be the first book to expose the most vulnerable areas in our democracy, explain in historical context how President Trump uniquely and outrageously exploited these weak spots, and propose a fix for each challenge. Historian Allen J. Lichtman argues that Trump has put us at a pivot point in our history, where the survival of American democracy is at stake. But this is also an historic opportunity to shore up the vulnerabilities and to strengthen our democracy.

The Politics of EU Judicial Support after the Arab Spring

The Politics of EU Judicial Support after the Arab Spring Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gaia Taffoni
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030507734
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The Politics of EU Judicial Support after the Arab Spring by Gaia Taffoni Summary

This book explores the judicial transformations in the Southern Mediterranean region and the mechanisms that trigger these changes. It analyses judicial reforms in Jordan and Morocco in the context of the EU policies to promote and diffuse democratic principles and practices in the MENA region. Based on original empirical research, the book reports findings on how networks of actors involved in the implementation of programs funded by the EU handle policy ideas and interests, and by doing so influence policy outcomes. This study covers both the institutional and the organizational/managerial dimensions of justice, thus shedding light on the two most relevant and critical factors for innovations in the domain of justice.

Criminal Law and its Processes

Criminal Law and its Processes Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sanford H. Kadish,Stephen J. Schulhofer,Rachel E. Barkow
Editor: Wolters Kluwer
ISBN: 1454886250
FileSize: 935kb
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Criminal Law and its Processes by Sanford H. Kadish,Stephen J. Schulhofer,Rachel E. Barkow Summary

From a preeminent authorship team, Criminal Law and its Processes: Cases and Materials, Tenth Edition, continues in the tradition of its best-selling predecessors by providing students not only with a cohesive policy framework through which they can understand and examine the use of criminal laws as a means for social control but also analytic tools to understand and apply important criminal law doctrines. Instead of presenting the elements of various crimes in a disjointed fashion, Criminal Law and its Processes: Cases and Materials focuses on having students develop a nuanced understanding of the underlying principles, rules, and policy rationales that inform all criminal laws. A cases-and-notes pedagogy along with scholarly excerpts, questions, and notes, provides students with a rich foundation for not only the academic examination of criminal laws but also the application of the law to real-world scenarios. Features: Retains prior edition’s principal cases and Notes and Questions approach to explain and probe fundamental concepts. Notes updated to incorporate contemporary cases and recent news touching on criminal law. Inclusion of additional preeminent cases in the field of criminal law, including: Yates v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 1074, (Supreme Court application of common statutory interpretation techniques and the rule of lenity) Rosamond v. United States, 134 S. Ct. 1240, (Supreme Court examination of accomplice liability) Perry v. Florida (examination of the agreement requirement for conspiracy through the lens of a Florida sexual battery offense). Theft (chapter 9) substantially revised to include new principal case dealing with trespassers takers in the credit card context. Expanded discussion of: mass incarceration and prosecutorial/law enforcement discretion; and, the intersections between race and criminal la

Political Transition and Development Imperatives in India

Political Transition and Development Imperatives in India Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ranabir Samaddar,Suhit K. Sen
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000365700
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Political Transition and Development Imperatives in India by Ranabir Samaddar,Suhit K. Sen Summary

This volume explores the transition from colonial to constitutional rule in India, and the various configurations of power and legitimacies that emerged from it. It focuses on the developmental structures and paradigms that provided the circumstances for this transition, and the establishment of the post-colonial state. Different articles interrogate the idea of liberal constitutionalism, the spaces it provides for rights and claims, the assumptions it makes about citizenship and its attendant duties, and the assumptions it further makes about what it can, or has to, become in the particular situation of India. The book locates these questions in the reconfiguration of society, power, and the economy since the shift in the identity of the state after Independence, and deals with issues of constitution-making in a historical and political setting and its outcomes, especially the centrality of law and legalisms, in shaping civil society. With a companion volume on the transition to a constitutional form of governance and the consequent moulding of the citizens, this book emphasises continuity and change in the context of the movement from the colonial to the constitutional order. It will be of interest to those in politics, history, South Asian studies, policy studies, and sociology.

Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Governments

Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Governments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sadioglu, Ugur
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522503188
FileSize: 533kb
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Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Governments by Sadioglu, Ugur Summary

Local government can be defined as a public entity acting as the sub-unit of a state or of a region, charged with the task of enforcing public policies. There have been many reforms of local government in recent years from the grassroots-led movement that took root in the 90’s to the overarching effects of globalization and decentralization. Local governments must adapt their practices in order to most effectively provide for their constituents. Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Government addresses the effects of recent reforms in the political-administrative system of local governments and politics as well as future outlooks. It reviews the challenges, innovations, and lessons from local governments while providing theoretical perspectives on methods for positive reform. This book is a critical reference source for policy makers, government organizations, professionals, and actors in both local and international politics.

Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment

Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Claire A. Dunlop,Claudio M. Radaelli
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1782549560
FileSize: 735kb
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Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment by Claire A. Dunlop,Claudio M. Radaelli Summary

Regulatory impact assessment (RIA) is the main instrument used by governments and regulators to appraise the likely effects of their policy proposals. This pioneering Handbook provides a comparative and comprehensive account of this tool, situating it in the relevant theoretical traditions and scrutinizing its use across countries, policy sectors and policy instruments. Comprising six parts, university researchers, international consultants and practitioners working in international organizations examine regulatory impact assessment from many perspectives, which include: • research traditions in the social sciences • implementation, regulatory indicators and effects • tools and dimensions such as courts and gender • sectoral case studies including environment, enterprise and international development • international diffusion in the European Union (EU), Americas, Asia and developing countries • appraisal, training and education. With its wealth of detail and lessons to be learned, the Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment will undoubtedly be of great value to practitioners and scholars working in governance, political science and socio-legal studies.