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The Volcanoes of Mars

The Volcanoes of Mars Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128228776
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The Volcanoes of Mars by Summary

The Volcanoes of Mars offers a clear, cohesive summary of Mars volcanology. It begins with an introduction to the geology and geography of the red planet and an overview of its volcanic history, and continues to discuss each distinct volcanic province, identifying the common and unique aspects of each region. Incorporating basic volcanological information and constraints on the regional geologic history derived from geologic mapping, the book also examines current constraints on the composition of the volcanic rocks as investigated by both orbiting spacecraft and rovers. In addition, it compares the features of Martian volcanoes to those seen on other volcanic bodies. Concluding with prospects for new knowledge to be gained from future Mars missions, this book brings researchers in volcanology and the study of Mars up to date on the latest findings in the study of volcanoes on Mars, allowing the reader to compare and contrast Martian volcanoes to volcanoes studied on Earth and throughout the Solar System. Presents clearly organized text and figures that will quickly allow the reader to find specific aspects of Martian volcanism Includes definitions of geological and volcanological terms throughout to aid interdisciplinary understanding Summarizes key results for each volcanic region of Mars and provides copious citations to the research literature to facilitate further discovery Synthesizes the most current data from multiple spacecraft missions, including the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, as well as geochemical data from Martian meteorites Utilizes published geologic mapping results to highlight the detailed knowledge that exists for each region

Lakes on Mars

Lakes on Mars Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nathalie A. Cabrol,Edmond A. Grin
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080931623
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Lakes on Mars by Nathalie A. Cabrol,Edmond A. Grin Summary

On Earth, lakes provide favorable environments for the development of life and its preservation as fossils. They are extremely sensitive to climate fluctuations and to conditions within their watersheds. As such, lakes are unique markers of the impact of environmental changes. Past and current missions have now demonstrated that water once flowed at the surface of Mars early in its history. Evidence of ancient ponding has been uncovered at scales ranging from a few kilometers to possibly that of the Arctic ocean. Whether life existed on Mars is still unknown; upcoming missions may find critical evidence to address this question in ancient lakebeds as clues about Mars’ climate evolution and its habitability potential are still preserved in their sedimentary record. Lakes on Mars is the first review on this subject. It is written by leading planetary scientists who have dedicated their careers to searching and exploring the questions of water, lakes, and oceans on Mars through their involvement in planetary exploration, and the analysis of orbital and ground data beginning with Viking up to the most recent missions. In thirteen chapters, Lakes on Mars critically discusses new data and explores the role that water played in the evolution of the surface of Mars, the past hydrological provinces of the planet, the possibility of heated lake habitats through enhanced geothermal flux associated with volcanic activity and impact cratering. The book also explores alternate hypotheses to explain the geological record. Topographic, morphologic, stratigraphic, and mineralogic evidence are presented that suggest successions of ancient lake environments in Valles Marineris and Hellas. The existence of large lakes and/or small oceans in Elysium and the Northern Plains is supported both by the global distribution of deltaic deposits and by equipotential surfaces that may reflect their past margins. Whether those environments were conducive to life has yet to be demonstrated but from comparison with our planet, their sedimentary deposits may provide the best opportunity to find its record, if any. The final chapters explore the impact of climate variability on declining lake habitats in one of the closest terrestrial analogs to Mars at the Noachian/Hesperian transition, identify the geologic, morphologic and mineralogic signatures of ancient lakes to be searched for on Mars, and present the case for landing the Mars Science Laboratory mission in such an environment. First review on the subject by worldwide leading authorities in the field New studies with most recent data, new images, figures, and maps Most recent results from research in terrestrial analogs

Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue 20 – TEMPLAR TREASURE IN AMERICA? download PDF

Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue 20 – TEMPLAR TREASURE IN AMERICA? download PDF Pdf/ePub eBook Author: atlantisrising.com
Editor: Atlantis Rising magazine
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Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue 20 – TEMPLAR TREASURE IN AMERICA? download PDF by atlantisrising.com Summary

LETTERS EARLY RAYS THRESHOLD THE MIAMI CIRCLE Is the Newly Discovered Ruin Connected with Stonehenge? UNDERWATER TOWERS Do New Discoveries near Japan Point to Ancient Lemuria? INDIA—30,000 B.C. Do the Origins of Indian Culture Lie at the Bottom of the Indian Ocean? INNER WINDOWS TO THE PAST Can Psi Archaeology Solve Earth’s Mysteries? ROBERT BAUVAL ON ALEXANDRIA Can the Lost Ancient Knowledge be Recovered ? SECRECY IN HIGH PLACES What Do Government Bureaucrats Have to Do with Covering Up the Secrets of Free Energy? THE MYTHIC JEAN HOUSTON The Powerful Insights of a New Age Leader TEMPLAR TREASURE IN AMERICA? New Light on the Oak Island Mystery LIVE FROM HEAVEN? Instrumental Transcommunication UFOs AS TIME MACHINES A Startling New Theory ASTROLOGY BOOKS RECORDINGS

Mapping Mars

Mapping Mars Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Oliver Morton
Editor: Picador
ISBN: 0312707932
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Mapping Mars by Oliver Morton Summary

Who are the extraordinary individuals that will take us on the next great space race, the next great human endeavor, our exploration and colonization of the planet Mars? And more importantly, how are they doing it? Acclaimed science writer Oliver Morton explores the peculiar and fascinating world of the new generation of explorers: geologists, scientists, astrophysicists and dreamers. Morton shows us the complex and beguiling role that mapping will play in our understanding of the red planet, and more deeply, what it means for humans to envision such heroic landscapes. Charting a path from the 19th century visionaries to the spy-satellite pioneers to the science fiction writers and the arctic explorers -- till now, to the people are taking us there -- Morton unveils the central place that Mars has occupied in the human imagination, and what it will mean to realize these dreams. A pioneering work of journalism and drama, Mapping Mars gives us our first exciting glimpses of the world to come and the curious, bizarre, and amazing people who will take us there.

Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue 21 – THE SEARCH FOR SHAMBHALA download PDF

Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue 21 – THE SEARCH FOR SHAMBHALA download PDF Pdf/ePub eBook Author: atlantisrising.com
Editor: Atlantis Rising magazine
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Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue 21 – THE SEARCH FOR SHAMBHALA download PDF by atlantisrising.com Summary

In this download PDF LETTERS EARLY RAYS HILLY ROSE THE DAILY GRAIL The internet’s best alternative science site now in print EARTH CHANGES 2000 Paradigm-busting researchers gather in Montana REMOTE VIEWERS IN ALEXANDRIA FIRST Underwater psi explorers make history SACRED GEOMETRY’S HUMAN FACE Demonstration shows amazing connections ENERGY MEDICINE IN THE O.R. Surgical patients get help from an intuitive THE ATTRACTIONS OF MAGNETISM Is a little child leading us to free energy? ROCK LAKE UNVEILS ITS SECRETS Underwater discovery made from the sky IS THE BIG BANG DEAD? Maverick astronomer Halton Arp challenges conventional wisdom THE ENIGMA OF MA’MUN’S TUNNEL What did he really find in the Great Pyramid? THE PARANORMAL CELLINI Did this renaissance master get cosmic help? AMERICA’S MAGIC MOUNTAINS Strange stories from Rainier and Shasta ASTROLOGY BOOKS RECORDINGS

The Sirens of Mars

The Sirens of Mars Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sarah Stewart Johnson
Editor: Crown
ISBN: 1101904828
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The Sirens of Mars by Sarah Stewart Johnson Summary

“Sarah Stewart Johnson interweaves her own coming-of-age story as a planetary scientist with a vivid history of the exploration of Mars in this celebration of human curiosity, passion, and perseverance.”—Alan Lightman, author of Einstein’s Dreams WINNER OF THE PHI BETA KAPPA AWARD FOR SCIENCE • NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times Book Review • Times (UK) • Library Journal “Lovely . . . Johnson’s prose swirls with lyrical wonder, as varied and multihued as the apricot deserts, butterscotch skies and blue sunsets of Mars.”—Anthony Doerr, The New York Times Book Review Mars was once similar to Earth, but today there are no rivers, no lakes, no oceans. Coated in red dust, the terrain is bewilderingly empty. And yet multiple spacecraft are circling Mars, sweeping over Terra Sabaea, Syrtis Major, the dunes of Elysium, and Mare Sirenum—on the brink, perhaps, of a staggering find, one that would inspire humankind as much as any discovery in the history of modern science. In this beautifully observed, deeply personal book, Georgetown scientist Sarah Stewart Johnson tells the story of how she and other researchers have scoured Mars for signs of life, transforming the planet from a distant point of light into a world of its own. Johnson’s fascination with Mars began as a child in Kentucky, turning over rocks with her father and looking at planets in the night sky. She now conducts fieldwork in some of Earth’s most hostile environments, such as the Dry Valleys of Antarctica and the salt flats of Western Australia, developing methods for detecting life on other worlds. Here, with poetic precision, she interlaces her own personal journey—as a female scientist and a mother—with tales of other seekers, from Percival Lowell, who was convinced that a utopian society existed on Mars, to Audouin Dollfus, who tried to carry out astronomical observations from a stratospheric balloon. In the process, she shows how the story of Mars is also a story about Earth: This other world has been our mirror, our foil, a telltale reflection of our own anxieties and yearnings. Empathetic and evocative, The Sirens of Mars offers an unlikely natural history of a place where no human has ever set foot, while providing a vivid portrait of our quest to defy our isolation in the cosmos.

The Martian

The Martian Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andy Weir
Editor: Ballantine Books
ISBN: 0804139032
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The Martian by Andy Weir Summary

Nominated as one of America’s best-loved novels by PBS’s The Great American Read Six days ago, astronaut Mark Watney became one of the first people to walk on Mars. Now, he's sure he'll be the first person to die there. After a dust storm nearly kills him and forces his crew to evacuate while thinking him dead, Mark finds himself stranded and completely alone with no way to even signal Earth that he’s alive—and even if he could get word out, his supplies would be gone long before a rescue could arrive. Chances are, though, he won't have time to starve to death. The damaged machinery, unforgiving environment, or plain-old "human error" are much more likely to kill him first. But Mark isn't ready to give up yet. Drawing on his ingenuity, his engineering skills—and a relentless, dogged refusal to quit—he steadfastly confronts one seemingly insurmountable obstacle after the next. Will his resourcefulness be enough to overcome the impossible odds against him?

Travels with Curiosity

Travels with Curiosity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles J. Byrne
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030538052
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Travels with Curiosity by Charles J. Byrne Summary

The Mars Curiosity Rover is the most sophisticated mobile laboratory ever deployed on a planet. For over seven years, scores of investigators have planned its daily route and activities, poring over the overwhelming images and data and revising our understanding of planetary surfaces, geology, and potential habitability. This book takes readers right down to the surface of Mars, chronicling Curiosity’s physical and scientific journey across the planet’s Earth-like, yet strikingly alien vistas. Through dozens of images and descriptive accounts of the surface, you will gain a deeper knowledge of the Martian landscape, from the floor of Gale Crater up to the cliffs of Mount Sharp. Presented at the end of each chapter are the results and revelations from the science team spearheading the mission. Like any cross-country road trip, the rover has hit some unexpected hitches along the way. The book describes the obstacles faced by the rover and its scientists over the years and the difficult decisions and careful experimentation it took to solve them.

Geomorphology of Desert Environments

Geomorphology of Desert Environments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anthony J. Parsons,A. D. Abrahams
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402057199
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Geomorphology of Desert Environments by Anthony J. Parsons,A. D. Abrahams Summary

About one-third of the Earth’s land surface experiences a desert climate, and this area supports approximately 15% of the planet’s population. This percentage continues to grow, and with this growth comes the need to acquire and apply an understanding of desert geomorphology. Such an understanding is vital in managing scarce and fragile resources and in mitigating natural hazards. This authoritative reference book is comprehensive in its coverage of the geomorphology of desert environments, and is arranged thematically. It begins with an overview of global deserts, proceeds through treatments of weathering, hillslopes, rivers, piedmonts, lake basins, and aeolian surfaces, and concludes with a discussion of the role of climatic change. Written by a team of international authors, all of whom are active in the field, the chapters cover the spectrum of desert geomorphology.

Mars On Earth: A Study Of The Qaidam Basin

Mars On Earth: A Study Of The Qaidam Basin Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Long Xiao
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 981122403X
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Mars On Earth: A Study Of The Qaidam Basin by Long Xiao Summary

Mars has been extensively photographed by cameras and compositionally detected by spectrometers onboard orbiters on a global scale, and explored in-situ by landers and rovers at both local and outcrop scales in different locations. The results have proved that the Martian surface is rich in Earth-like geomorphologies, and the study of terrestrial analogs to Mars has been listed as one of the highest priorities of Martian science. With increasing new discoveries by in-situ explorations, Mars exploration has begun to enter the era of focusing on detailed analyses at regional to outcrop levels, rather than global mapping. Analog studies are playing a crucial role in this transition, making this book, which introduces the methodology and provides cases for readers, essentially important.Dozens of sites on Earth have been listed as analog targets for comparative study with the geomorphology, geology, geochemistry, environment and habitability of Mars. However, due to the diversity of landforms and forming mechanisms, and the long history of Mars, no single analog site on Earth can be fully compared to Mars. Nonetheless, the Qaidam Basin has been listed as an unique Mars analog site for studying the red planet's geomorphology, geology, and environmental changes, particularly regarding the evolution of paleolakes on Mars. This kind of setting has always been listed as a top priority for the search of life on Mars.This book contains first-hand information and on-site images obtained by the work's contributing authors, and is an essential read for anyone interested in Martian geomorphology and its evolution processes and history.

Mars Geological Enigmas

Mars Geological Enigmas Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard Soare,Susan Conway,Jean-Pierre Williams,Dorothy Oehler
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128202467
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Mars Geological Enigmas by Richard Soare,Susan Conway,Jean-Pierre Williams,Dorothy Oehler Summary

Mars Geological Enigmas: From the Late Noachian Epoch to the Present Day presents outstanding questions on the geology of Mars and divergent viewpoints based on varying interpretations and analyses. The result is a robust and comprehensive discussion that provides opportunities for planetary scientists to develop their own opinions and ways forward. Each theme opens with an introduction that includes background on the topic and lays out questions to be addressed. Alternate perspectives are covered for each topic, including methods, observations, analyses, and in-depth discussion of the conclusions. Chapters within each theme reference each other to facilitate comparison and deeper understanding of divergent opinions. Offers a transchronological view of the geological history of Mars, addressing thematic questions from a broad temporal perspective Discusses outstanding questions on Mars from diverging perspectives Includes key questions and answers, as well as a look ahead to which puzzles remain to be solved

Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue #23 – THE Strange Case of the Bent Pyramid PDF download

Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue #23 – THE Strange Case of the Bent Pyramid PDF download Pdf/ePub eBook Author: atlantisrising.com
Editor: Atlantis Rising magazine
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Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue #23 – THE Strange Case of the Bent Pyramid PDF download by atlantisrising.com Summary

In this download PDF: LETTERS EARLY RAYS HILLY ROSE ADVANCED ALTERNATIVES SPACE ENERGY GETS PREVIEW Canadian Conference Hears from Zero Point Experts VISIONS OF THE SHAMAN A Conversation with Credo Mutwa EXCUSE ME, YOUR LIFE IS WAITING Author Lynn Grabhorn Offers New Tools for Putting Your Feelings to Work for You THE BLOODSTREAM WARS Warnings from Dr. Leonard Horowitz? UNCOVERING LEMURIA Cayce and Churchward in Light of New Discoveries? THE MARS MYSTERY Could the Fate of the Red Planet Be Earth’s? NEW STUDIES/OLD SPHINX Robert Schoch on New Support for His Thesis THE AGE OF THE PYRAMIDS Author Ralph Ellis Finds Evidence in Surprising Places for Some Very Old Buildings “GIZA THE (HALF) TRUTH” John Anthony West Challenges a New Book THE CURIOUS HISTORY OF ADELE HUGO Victor Hugo’s Daughter and the Spirits ASTROLOGY BOOKS RECORDINGS

From Habitability to Life on Mars

From Habitability to Life on Mars Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nathalie A. Cabrol,Edmond A. Grin
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128099364
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From Habitability to Life on Mars by Nathalie A. Cabrol,Edmond A. Grin Summary

From Habitability to Life on Mars explores the current state of knowledge and questions on the past habitability of Mars and the role that rapid environmental changes may have played in the ability of prebiotic chemistry to transition to life. It investigates the role that such changes may have played in the preservation of biosignatures in the geological record and what this means for exploration strategies. Throughout the book, the authors show how the investigation of terrestrial analogs to early Martian habitats under various climates and environmental extremes provide critical clues to understand where, what and how to search for biosignatures on Mars. The authors present an introduction to the newest developments and state-of-the-art remote and in situ detection strategies and technologies that are being currently developed to support the upcoming ExoMars and Mars 2020 missions. They show how the current orbital and ground exploration is guiding the selection for future landing sites. Finally, the book concludes by discussing the critical question of the implications and ethics of finding life on Mars. Edited by the lead on a NASA project that searches for habitability and life on Mars leading to the Mars 2020 mission Presents the evidence, questions and answers we have today (including a summary of the current state of knowledge in advance of the ESA ExoMars and NASA Mars 2020 missions) Includes contributions from authors directly involved in past, current and upcoming Mars missions Provides key information as to how Mars rovers, such as ExoMars and Mars 2020, will address the search for life on Mars with their instrumentation

Volatiles in the Martian Crust

Volatiles in the Martian Crust Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Justin Filiberto,Susanne P. Schwenzer
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 012804201X
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Volatiles in the Martian Crust by Justin Filiberto,Susanne P. Schwenzer Summary

Volatiles in the Martian Crust is a vital reference for future missions - including ESA’s EXO Mars and NASA’s Mars2020 rover - looking for evidence of life on Mars and the potential for habitability and human exploration of the Martian crust. Mars science is a rapidly evolving topic with new data returned from the planet on a daily basis. The book presents chapters written by well-established experts who currently focus on the topic, providing the reader with a fresh, up-to-date and accurate view. Organized into two main sections, the first half of the book focuses on the Martian meteorites and specific volatile elements. The second half of the book explores processes and locations on the crust, including what we have learned about volatile mobility in the Martian crust. Coverage includes data from orbiter and in situ rovers and landers, geochemical and geophysical modeling, and combined data from the SNC meteorites. Presents information about the nature, relationship, and reactivity of chemical elements and compounds on Mars Explores the potential habitability of Mars Provides a comprehensive view of volatiles in the Martian crust from studies of actual samples as well as from the variety of landed missions, including the MER and Curiosity rovers Delivers a vital reference for ongoing and future missions to Mars while synthesizing large data sets and research on volatiles in the Martian atmosphere Concludes with an informative summary chapter that looks to future Mars missions and what might be learned

Terraforming Mars

Terraforming Mars Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Beech,Joseph Seckbach,Richard Gordon
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119761867
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Terraforming Mars by Martin Beech,Joseph Seckbach,Richard Gordon Summary

TERRAFORMING MARS This book provides a thorough scientific review of how Mars might eventually be colonized, industrialized, and transformed into a world better suited to human habitation. The idea of terraforming Mars has, in recent times, become a topic of intense scientific interest and great public debate. Stimulated in part by the contemporary imperative to begin geoengineering Earth, as a means to combat global climate change, the terraforming of Mars will work to make its presently hostile environment more suitable to life—especially human life. Geoengineering and terraforming, at their core, have the same goal—that is to enhance (or revive) the ability of a specific environment to support human life, society, and industry. The chapters in this text, written by experts in their respective fields, are accordingly in resonance with the important, and ongoing discussions concerning the human stewardship of global climate systems. In this sense, the text is both timely and relevant and will cover issues relating to topics that will only grow in their relevance in future decades. The notion of terraforming Mars is not a new one, as such, and it has long played as the background narrative in many science fiction novels. This book, however, deals exclusively with what is physically possible, and what might conceivably be put into actual practice within the next several human generations. Audience Researchers in planetary science, astronomy, astrobiology, space engineering, architecture, ethics, as well as members of the space industry.

Dynamic Mars

Dynamic Mars Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard J. Soare,Susan J. Conway,Stephen M. Clifford
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128130199
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Dynamic Mars by Richard J. Soare,Susan J. Conway,Stephen M. Clifford Summary

Dynamic Mars: Recent and Current Landscape Evolution of the Red Planet presents the latest observations, interpretations, and explanations of geological change at the surface or near-surface of this terrestrial body. These changes raise questions about a decades-old paradigm, formed largely in the aftermath of very coarse Mariner-mission imagery in the 1960s, suggesting that much of the interesting geological activity on Mars occurred deep in its past, eons ago. The book includes discussions of (1) Mars’ ever-changing atmosphere and the impact of this on the planet’s surface and near-surface; (2) the possible involvement of water in relatively new, if not contemporary, gully-like flows and slope streaks (i.e. recurring slope lineae); and (3) the identification of a broad suite of agents and processes (i.e. glacial, periglacial, aeolian, meteorological, volcanic, and meteoric) that are actively revising surface and near-surface landscapes, landforms, and features on a local, regional, and hemispheric scale. Highly illustrated and punctuated by data from the most recent Mars missions, Dynamic Mars is a valuable resource for all levels of research in the geological history of Mars, as well as of the three other terrestrial planets. Utilizes observational and model-based data as well as geological context to frame the understanding of the dynamic surface and near-surface of Mars Presents a broad spectrum of highly regarded experts and themes to discuss and evaluate the geological history of late and current Mars Includes extensive and detailed imagery to clearly illustrate these themes, discussions, and evaluations

Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022

Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309209579
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Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey Summary

In recent years, planetary science has seen a tremendous growth in new knowledge. Deposits of water ice exist at the Moon's poles. Discoveries on the surface of Mars point to an early warm wet climate, and perhaps conditions under which life could have emerged. Liquid methane rain falls on Saturn's moon Titan, creating rivers, lakes, and geologic landscapes with uncanny resemblances to Earth's. Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 surveys the current state of knowledge of the solar system and recommends a suite of planetary science flagship missions for the decade 2013-2022 that could provide a steady stream of important new discoveries about the solar system. Research priorities defined in the report were selected through a rigorous review that included input from five expert panels. NASA's highest priority large mission should be the Mars Astrobiology Explorer Cacher (MAX-C), a mission to Mars that could help determine whether the planet ever supported life and could also help answer questions about its geologic and climatic history. Other projects should include a mission to Jupiter's icy moon Europa and its subsurface ocean, and the Uranus Orbiter and Probe mission to investigate that planet's interior structure, atmosphere, and composition. For medium-size missions, Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 recommends that NASA select two new missions to be included in its New Frontiers program, which explores the solar system with frequent, mid-size spacecraft missions. If NASA cannot stay within budget for any of these proposed flagship projects, it should focus on smaller, less expensive missions first. Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 suggests that the National Science Foundation expand its funding for existing laboratories and establish new facilities as needed. It also recommends that the program enlist the participation of international partners. This report is a vital resource for government agencies supporting space science, the planetary science community, and the public.

Solar System Update

Solar System Update Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Philippe Blondel,John Mason
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540376836
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Solar System Update by Philippe Blondel,John Mason Summary

This book, the first in a series of forthcoming volumes, consists of topical and timely reviews of a number of carefully selected topics in solar systemn science. Contributions, in form of up-to-date reviews, are mainly aimed at professional astronomers and planetary scientists wishing to inform themselves about progress in fields closely related to their own field of expertise.

Planetary Cartography and GIS

Planetary Cartography and GIS Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Henrik Hargitai
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319628496
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Planetary Cartography and GIS by Henrik Hargitai Summary

This book approaches geological, geomorphological and topographical mapping from the point in the workflow at which science-ready datasets are available. Though there have been many individual projects on dynamic maps and online GISs, in which coding and data processing are given precedence over cartographic principles, cartography is more than “just” processing and displaying spatial data. However, there are currently no textbooks on this rapidly changing field, and methods tend to be shared informally. Addressing this gap in the literature, the respective chapters outline many topics pertaining to cartography and mapping such as the role and definition of planetary cartography and (vs?) Geographic Information Science; theoretical background and practical methodologies in geological mapping; science-ready versus public-ready products; a goal/procedure-focused practical manual of the most commonly used software in planetary mapping, which includes generic (ArcGIS and its extensions, JMARS) and specific tools (HiView, Cratertools etc.); extracting topographic information from images; thematic mapping: climate; geophysics; surface modeling; change detection; landing site selection; shared maps; dynamic maps on the web; planetary GIS interfaces; crowdsourcing; crater counting techniques; irregular bodies; geological unit symbology; mapping center activities; and web services. All chapters were prepared by authors who have actually produced geological maps or GISs for NASA / the USGS, DLR, ESA or MIIGAIK. Taken together, they offer an excellent resource for all planetary scientists whose research depends on mapping, and for students of astrogeology.

Recent Advances in Environmental Science from the Euro-Mediterranean and Surrounding Regions

Recent Advances in Environmental Science from the Euro-Mediterranean and Surrounding Regions Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Amjad Kallel,Mohamed Ksibi,Hamed Ben Dhia,Nabil Khélifi
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319705482
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Recent Advances in Environmental Science from the Euro-Mediterranean and Surrounding Regions by Amjad Kallel,Mohamed Ksibi,Hamed Ben Dhia,Nabil Khélifi Summary

This volume includes the papers presented during the 1st Euro-Mediterranean Conference for Environmental Integration (EMCEI) which was held in Sousse, Tunisia in November 2017. This conference was jointly organized by the editorial office of the Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration in Sfax, Tunisia and Springer (MENA Publishing Program) in Germany. It aimed to give a more concrete expression to the Euro-Mediterranean integration process by supplementing existing North-South programs and agreements with a new multilateral scientific forum that emphasizes in particular the vulnerability and proactive remediation of the Euro-Mediterranean region from an environmental point of view. This volume gives a general and brief overview on current research focusing on emerging environmental issues and challenges and its applications to a variety of problems in the Euro-Mediterranean zone and surrounding regions. It contains over five hundred and eighty carefully refereed short contributions to the conference. Topics covered include (1) innovative approaches and methods for environmental sustainability, (2) environmental risk assessment, bioremediation, ecotoxicology, and environmental safety, (3) water resources assessment, planning, protection, and management, (4) environmental engineering and management, (5) natural resources: characterization, assessment, management, and valorization, (6) intelligent techniques in renewable energy (biomass, wind, waste, solar), (7) sustainable management of marine environment and coastal areas, (8) remote sensing and GIS for geo-environmental investigations, (9) environmental impacts of geo/natural hazards (earthquakes, landslides, volcanic, and marine hazards), and (10) the environmental health science (natural and social impacts on Human health). Presenting a wide range of topics and new results, this edited volume will appeal to anyone working in the subject area, including researchers and students interested to learn more about new advances in environmental research initiatives in view of the ever growing environmental degradation in the Euro-Mediterranean region, which has turned environmental and resource protection into an increasingly important issue hampering sustainable development and social welfare.

The Design and Engineering of Curiosity

The Design and Engineering of Curiosity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Emily Lakdawalla
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331968146X
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The Design and Engineering of Curiosity by Emily Lakdawalla Summary

This book describes the most complex machine ever sent to another planet: Curiosity. It is a one-ton robot with two brains, seventeen cameras, six wheels, nuclear power, and a laser beam on its head. No one human understands how all of its systems and instruments work. This essential reference to the Curiosity mission explains the engineering behind every system on the rover, from its rocket-powered jetpack to its radioisotope thermoelectric generator to its fiendishly complex sample handling system. Its lavishly illustrated text explains how all the instruments work -- its cameras, spectrometers, sample-cooking oven, and weather station -- and describes the instruments' abilities and limitations. It tells you how the systems have functioned on Mars, and how scientists and engineers have worked around problems developed on a faraway planet: holey wheels and broken focus lasers. And it explains the grueling mission operations schedule that keeps the rover working day in and day out.

Rare Earth

Rare Earth Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0387218483
FileSize: 554kb
File Format: Pdf
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Rare Earth by Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee Summary

What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

Poás Volcano

Poás Volcano Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Franco Tassi,Orlando Vaselli,Raul Alberto Mora Amador
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319021567
FileSize: 667kb
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Poás Volcano by Franco Tassi,Orlando Vaselli,Raul Alberto Mora Amador Summary

This book provides a comprehensive description of the volcanological, petrological and geochemical features of the Poás Volcano (Costa Rica), one of the most active volcanic systems in Central America and part of the Central America Volcanic Arc (CAVA). Poás Volcano hosts a unique sulfur lake, which actually is one of the world's most acidic lakes, and has experienced molten sulfur eruptions. Past investigations, current monitoring activities and planned programs of investigation into lessening of the volcanic hazard are reported here. Specific sections of the monograph will be devoted to the impact of this volcano on the social, agricultural and industrial activities in the area. Legends and popular traditions related to this volcano will be described in the last chapter to round up a complete scientific review on this unique volcanic system.

Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQs)

Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQs) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Arshad Iqbal
Editor: Bushra Arshad
ISBN:
FileSize: 1594kb
File Format: Pdf
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Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQs) by Arshad Iqbal Summary

Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQs) PDF: Quiz & Practice Tests with Answer Key (Earth Science Quick Study Guide & Terminology Notes to Review) includes revision guide for problem solving with 700 solved MCQs. "Earth Science MCQ" book with answers PDF covers basic concepts, theory and analytical assessment tests. "Earth Science Quiz" PDF book helps to practice test questions from exam prep notes. Earth science quick study guide provides 700 verbal, quantitative, and analytical reasoning past question papers, solved MCQs. Earth Science Multiple Choice Questions and Answers PDF download, a book to practice quiz questions and answers on chapters: Agents of erosion and deposition, atmosphere composition, atmosphere layers, earth atmosphere, earth models and maps, earth science and models, earthquakes, energy resources, minerals and earth crust, movement of ocean, oceanography: ocean water, oceans exploration, oceans of world, planets facts, planets for kids, plates tectonics, restless earth: plate tectonics, rocks and minerals mixtures, solar system for kids, solar system formation, space astronomy, space science, stars galaxies and universe, tectonic plates for kids, temperature, weather and climate tests for school and college revision guide. Earth Science Quiz Questions and Answers PDF download with free sample book covers beginner's questions, exam's workbook, and certification exam prep with answer key. Earth science MCQs book PDF, a quick study guide from textbook study notes covers exam practice quiz questions. Earth Science practice tests PDF covers problem solving in self-assessment workbook from science textbook chapters as: Chapter 1: Agents of Erosion and Deposition MCQs Chapter 2: Atmosphere Composition MCQs Chapter 3: Atmosphere Layers MCQs Chapter 4: Earth Atmosphere MCQs Chapter 5: Earth Models and Maps MCQs Chapter 6: Earth Science and Models MCQs Chapter 7: Earthquakes MCQs Chapter 8: Energy Resources MCQs Chapter 9: Minerals and Earth Crust MCQs Chapter 10: Movement of Ocean Water MCQs Chapter 11: Oceanography: Ocean Water MCQs Chapter 12: Oceans Exploration MCQs Chapter 13: Oceans of World MCQs Chapter 14: Planets Facts MCQs Chapter 15: Planets MCQs Chapter 16: Plates Tectonics MCQs Chapter 17: Restless Earth: Plate Tectonics MCQs Chapter 18: Rocks and Minerals Mixtures MCQs Chapter 19: Solar System MCQs Chapter 20: Solar System Formation MCQs Chapter 21: Space Astronomy MCQs Chapter 22: Space Science MCQs Chapter 23: Stars Galaxies and Universe MCQs Chapter 24: Tectonic Plates MCQs Chapter 25: Temperature MCQs Chapter 26: Weather and Climate MCQs Solve "Agents of Erosion and Deposition MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 1 to practice test questions: Glacial deposits types, angle of repose, glaciers and landforms carved, physical science, rapid mass movement, and slow mass movement. Solve "Atmosphere Composition MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 2 to practice test questions: Composition of atmosphere, layers of atmosphere, energy in atmosphere, human caused pollution sources, ozone hole, wind, and air pressure. Solve "Atmosphere Layers MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 3 to practice test questions: Layers of atmosphere, earth layers formation, human caused pollution sources, and primary pollutants. Solve "Earth Atmosphere MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 4 to practice test questions: Layers of atmosphere, energy in atmosphere, atmospheric pressure and temperature, air pollution and human health, cleaning up air pollution, global winds, human caused pollution sources, ozone hole, physical science, primary pollutants, solar energy, wind, and air pressure, and winds storms. Solve "Earth Models and Maps MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 5 to practice test questions: Introduction to topographic maps, earth maps, map projections, earth surface mapping, azimuthal projection, direction on earth, earth facts, earth system science, elements of elevation, equal area projections, equator, flat earth sphere, flat earth theory, Geographic Information System (GIS), GPS, latitude, longitude, modern mapmaking, north and south pole, planet earth, prime meridian, remote sensing, science experiments, science projects, topographic map symbols, and Venus. Solve "Earth Science and Models MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 6 to practice test questions: Branches of earth science, geology science, right models, climate models, astronomy facts, black smokers, derived quantities, geoscience, international system of units, mathematical models, measurement units, meteorology, metric conversion, metric measurements, oceanography facts, optical telescope, physical quantities, planet earth, science experiments, science formulas, SI systems, temperature units, SI units, types of scientific models, and unit conversion. Solve "Earthquakes MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 7 to practice test questions: Earthquake forecasting, earthquake strength and intensity, locating earthquake, faults: tectonic plate boundaries, seismic analysis, and seismic waves. Solve "Energy Resources MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 8 to practice test questions: Energy resources, alternative resources, conservation of natural resources, fossil fuels sources, nonrenewable resources, planet earth, renewable resources, atom and fission, chemical energy, combining atoms: fusion, earth science facts, earth's resource, fossil fuels formation, fossil fuels problems, science for kids, science projects, and types of fossil fuels. Solve "Minerals and Earth Crust MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 9 to practice test questions: What is mineral, mineral structure, minerals and density, minerals and hardness, minerals and luster, minerals and streak, minerals color, minerals groups, mining of minerals, use of minerals, cleavage and fracture, responsible mining, rocks and minerals, and science formulas. Solve "Movement of Ocean Water MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 10 to practice test questions: Ocean currents, deep currents, science for kids, and surface currents. Solve "Oceanography: Ocean Water MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 11 to practice test questions: Anatomy of wave, lure of moon, surface current and climate, tidal variations, tides and topography, types of waves, wave formation, and movement. Solve "Oceans Exploration MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 12 to practice test questions: Exploring ocean, underwater vessels, benthic environment, benthic zone, living resources, nonliving resources, ocean pollution, save ocean, science projects, and three groups of marine life. Solve "Oceans of World MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 13 to practice test questions: ocean floor, global ocean division, ocean water characteristics, and revealing ocean floor. Solve "Planets' Facts MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 14 to practice test questions: Inner and outer solar system, earth and space, interplanetary distances, Luna: moon of earth, mercury, moon of planets, Saturn, and Venus. Solve "Planets MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 15 to practice test questions: Solar system, discovery of solar system, inner and outer solar system, asteroids, comets, earth and space, Jupiter, Luna: moon of earth, mars planet, mercury, meteoride, moon of planets, Neptune, radars, Saturn, Uranus, Venus, and wind storms. Solve "Plates Tectonics MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 16 to practice test questions: Breakup of tectonic plates boundaries, tectonic plates motion, tectonic plates, plate tectonics and mountain building, Pangaea, earth crust, earth interior, earth rocks deformation, earth rocks faulting, earth rocks folding, sea floor spreading, and Wegener continental drift hypothesis. Solve "Restless Earth: Plate Tectonics MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 17 to practice test questions: Composition of earth, earth crust, earth system science, and physical structure of earth. Solve "Rocks and Minerals Mixtures MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 18 to practice test questions: Metamorphic rock composition, metamorphic rock structures, igneous rock formation, igneous rocks: composition and texture, metamorphism, origins of igneous rock, origins of metamorphic rock, origins of sedimentary rock, planet earth, rock cycle, rocks classification, rocks identification, sedimentary rock composition, sedimentary rock structures, textures of metamorphic rock, earth science facts, earth shape, and processes,. Solve "Solar System MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 19 to practice test questions: Solar system formation, energy in sun, structure of sun, gravity, oceans and continents formation, revolution in astronomy, solar nebula, and ultraviolet rays. Solve "Solar System Formation MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 20 to practice test questions: Solar system formation, solar activity, solar nebula, earth atmosphere formation, earth system science, gravity, oceans and continents formation, revolution in astronomy, science formulas, and structure of sun. Solve "Space Astronomy MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 21 to practice test questions: Inner solar system, outer solar system, communication satellite, first satellite, first spacecraft, how rockets work, international space station, military satellites, remote sensing, rocket science, space shuttle, and weather satellites. Solve "Space Science MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 22 to practice test questions: Modern astronomy, early astronomy, Doppler Effect, modern calendar, non-optical telescopes, optical telescope, patterns on sky, science experiments, stars in night sky, telescopes, universe size, and scale. Solve "Stars Galaxies and Universe MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 23 to practice test questions: Types of galaxies, origin of galaxies, types of stars, stars brightness, stars classification, stars colors, stars composition, big bang theory, contents of galaxies, knowledge of stars, motion of stars, science experiments, stars: beginning and end, universal expansion, universe structure, and when stars get old. Solve "Tectonic Plates MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 24 to practice test questions: Tectonic plates, tectonic plate's boundaries, tectonic plate's motion, communication satellite, earth rocks deformation, earth rocks faulting, sea floor spreading, and Wegener continental drift hypothesis. Solve "Temperature MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 25 to practice test questions: Temperate zone, energy in atmosphere, humidity, latitude, layers of atmosphere, ocean currents, physical science, precipitation, sun cycle, tropical zone, and weather forecasting technology. Solve "Weather and Climate MCQ" PDF book with answers, chapter 26 to practice test questions: Weather forecasting technology, severe weather safety, air pressure and weather, asteroid impact, atmospheric pressure and temperature, cleaning up air pollution, climates of world, clouds, fronts, humidity, ice ages, large bodies of water, latitude, mountains, north and south pole, physical science, polar zone, precipitation, prevailing winds, radars, solar energy, sun cycle, temperate zone, thunderstorms, tropical zone, volcanic eruptions, and winds storms.

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