Download The Lexical Syllabus Pdf

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Optimizing a Lexical Approach to Instructed Second Language Acquisition

Optimizing a Lexical Approach to Instructed Second Language Acquisition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230245005
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Optimizing a Lexical Approach to Instructed Second Language Acquisition by , Summary

Empirically validated techniques to accelerate learners' uptake of 'chunks' demonstrate that pathways for insightful chunk-learning become available if one is willing to question the assumption that lexis is arbitrary. Care is taken to ensure that the pedagogical proposals are in accordance with insights from vocabulary research generally.

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, assessment

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, assessment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Council of Europe
Editor: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9287186456
FileSize: 467kb
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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, assessment by Council of Europe Summary

The CEFR Companion volume broadens the scope of language education. It reflects academic and societal developments since the publication of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) and updates the 2001 version. It owes much to the contributions of members of the language teaching profession across Europe and beyond. This volume contains: ► an explanation of the key aspects of the CEFR for teaching and learning; ► a complete set of updated CEFR descriptors that replaces the 2001 set with: - modality-inclusive and gender-neutral descriptors; - added detail on listening and reading; - a new Pre–A1 level, plus enriched description at A1 and C levels; - a replacement scale for phonological competence; - new scales for mediation, online interaction and plurilingual/pluricultural competence; - new scales for sign language competence; ► a short report on the four-year development, validation and consultation processes. The CEFR Companion volume represents another step in a process of engagement with language education that has been pursued by the Council of Europe since 1971 and which seeks to: ► promote and support the learning and teaching of modern languages; ► enhance intercultural dialogue, and thus mutual understanding, social cohesion and democracy; ► protect linguistic and cultural diversity in Europe; and ► promote the right to quality education for all.

Concepts of dialogue

Concepts of dialogue Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edda Weigand
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3111332063
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Concepts of dialogue by Edda Weigand Summary

Papers from a round table held in Bologna Jan. 30-31, 1992.

Natural Language Processing with Python

Natural Language Processing with Python Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Steven Bird,Ewan Klein,Edward Loper
Editor: \"O\'Reilly Media, Inc.\"
ISBN: 0596555717
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Natural Language Processing with Python by Steven Bird,Ewan Klein,Edward Loper Summary

This book offers a highly accessible introduction to natural language processing, the field that supports a variety of language technologies, from predictive text and email filtering to automatic summarization and translation. With it, you'll learn how to write Python programs that work with large collections of unstructured text. You'll access richly annotated datasets using a comprehensive range of linguistic data structures, and you'll understand the main algorithms for analyzing the content and structure of written communication. Packed with examples and exercises, Natural Language Processing with Python will help you: Extract information from unstructured text, either to guess the topic or identify "named entities" Analyze linguistic structure in text, including parsing and semantic analysis Access popular linguistic databases, including WordNet and treebanks Integrate techniques drawn from fields as diverse as linguistics and artificial intelligence This book will help you gain practical skills in natural language processing using the Python programming language and the Natural Language Toolkit (NLTK) open source library. If you're interested in developing web applications, analyzing multilingual news sources, or documenting endangered languages -- or if you're simply curious to have a programmer's perspective on how human language works -- you'll find Natural Language Processing with Python both fascinating and immensely useful.

The Big Red Book of Spanish Idioms

The Big Red Book of Spanish Idioms Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter Weibel
Editor: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071442618
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The Big Red Book of Spanish Idioms by Peter Weibel Summary

For every learner who has wasted dictionary time looking up the individual parts of a Spanish saying only to have the whole add up to nonsense, The Big Red Book of Spanish Idioms provides innovative and easy access to scores of turns-of-phrase and their idiomatic English equivalents. With more than 4,000 Spanish expressions arranged by keyword, numerous example sentences, and an extensive index for cross-referencing, you can quickly find phrase-based translations by way of either English or Spanish. Compact and comprehensive, this tool is perfect for a student's backpack or a translator's briefcase.

A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK(R) Guide-Sixth Edition / Agile Practice Guide Bundle (HINDI)

A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK(R) Guide-Sixth Edition / Agile Practice Guide Bundle (HINDI) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Project Management Institute
Editor: Project Management Institute
ISBN: 1628255390
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A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK(R) Guide-Sixth Edition / Agile Practice Guide Bundle (HINDI) by Project Management Institute Summary

To support the broadening spectrum of project delivery approaches, PMI is offering A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) – Sixth Edition as a bundle with its latest, the Agile Practice Guide. The PMBOK® Guide – Sixth Edition now contains detailed information about agile; while the Agile Practice Guide, created in partnership with Agile Alliance®, serves as a bridge to connect waterfall and agile. Together they are a powerful tool for project managers. The PMBOK® Guide – Sixth Edition – PMI's flagship publication has been updated to reflect the latest good practices in project management. New to the Sixth Edition, each knowledge area will contain a section entitled Approaches for Agile, Iterative and Adaptive Environments, describing how these practices integrate in project settings. It will also contain more emphasis on strategic and business knowledge—including discussion of project management business documents—and information on the PMI Talent Triangle™ and the essential skills for success in today's market. Agile Practice Guide has been developed as a resource to understand, evaluate, and use agile and hybrid agile approaches. This practice guide provides guidance on when, where, and how to apply agile approaches and provides practical tools for practitioners and organizations wanting to increase agility. This practice guide is aligned with other PMI standards, including A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) – Sixth Edition, and was developed as the result of collaboration between the Project Management Institute and the Agile Alliance.

Teachers Exploring Tasks in English Language Teaching

Teachers Exploring Tasks in English Language Teaching Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jane Willis
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230522963
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Teachers Exploring Tasks in English Language Teaching by Jane Willis Summary

Winner - British Council Innovation in English Language Teaching Award 2006 This book was written for language teachers by language teachers, with a view to encouraging readers to use more tasks in their lessons, and to explore for themselves various aspects of task-based teaching and learning. It gives insights into ways in which tasks can be designed, adapted and implemented in a range of teaching contexts and illustrates ways in which tasks and task-based learning can be investigated as a research activity. Practising language teachers and student professionals on MA TESOL/Applied Linguistics courses will find this a rich resource of varied experience in the classroom and a stimulus to their own qualitative studies.

Corpus Approaches to Evaluation

Corpus Approaches to Evaluation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Susan Hunston
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136900446
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Corpus Approaches to Evaluation by Susan Hunston Summary

This book applies a set of corpus investigation techniques to the study of evaluation, or stance, or affect, in naturally-occurring discourse. Evaluative language indicates opinions, attitudes, and judgments. It is an important part of activities such as persuading someone that a particular viewpoint is correct, or in constructing knowledge from a different number of theories. This book argues that phraseology--regularities or patterns in language identifiable from corpus studies--is important to the study of evaluative language. It makes a number of more specific arguments: that modal meaning is expressed through particular phrases and not only through modal verbs; that figurative phrases are used to intensify evaluation; and that patterns of use may be exploited to achieve an automatic identification of evaluations. It also builds on the author’s previous work in exploring how films and journalism use language and images to build knowledge from ideas.

Changing Methodologies in TESOL

Changing Methodologies in TESOL Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jane Spiro
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 074867764X
FileSize: 1841kb
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Changing Methodologies in TESOL by Jane Spiro Summary

Covering core topics from vocabulary and grammar to teaching, writing speaking and listening, this textbook shows you how to link research to practice in TESOL methodology. Guided tasks prepare you to engage critically with research literature and use thi

Contemporary Second Language Assessment

Contemporary Second Language Assessment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jayanti Veronique Banerjee,Dina Tsagari
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 056762871X
FileSize: 532kb
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Contemporary Second Language Assessment by Jayanti Veronique Banerjee,Dina Tsagari Summary

Includes chapters on key aspects of second language assessment such as test construct, diagnosis, exam design, and the growing range of public policy, social and ethical issues. Each of the contributors is an expert in their area; some are established names while others are talented newcomers to the field. The chapters present new research or perspectives on traditional concerns such as test quality; fairness and bias; the testing of different language skills; the needs of different groups of examinees, including English language learners who need to take content tests in English; and the use of language assessments for gate-keeping purposes. The volume demonstrates how language assessment is informed by and engages with neighbouring areas of applied linguistics such as technology and language corpora. The book represents the best of current practice in second language assessment and, as a one volume reference, will be invaluable to students and researchers looking for material that extends their understanding of the field.

Dalla linguistica degli anni settanta alla glottodidattica (XX secolo)

Dalla linguistica degli anni settanta alla glottodidattica (XX secolo) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Monica Barsi,Maria Cecilia Rizzardi
Editor: LED Edizioni Universitarie
ISBN: 8855130161
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Dalla linguistica degli anni settanta alla glottodidattica (XX secolo) by Monica Barsi,Maria Cecilia Rizzardi Summary

Questa dispensa contiene tre capitoli in cui è condotta una riflessione sulla storia della glottodidattica a partire dagli anni Settanta del Novecento, quando si inizia a considerare la lingua come un modo di agire nel contesto della comunicazione e quindi come potenzialità a disposizione del parlante per il livello in cui si trova. Oltre che sulla competenza linguistica, si susseguono numerosi studi sulla competenza sociolinguistica, pragmatica e strategica. L’orientamento glottodidattico diventa così comunicativo: si elencano gli scopi che si possono realizzare nell’atto di trasmissione di un messaggio (funzioni) e gli argomenti che si possono esprimere (nozioni). Tra il XX e il XXI secolo sono pubblicati due documenti destinati a trasformare ulteriormente l’insegnamento delle lingue straniere in tutta l’Unione Europea: il Quadro comune europeo di riferimento per le lingue: apprendimento, insegnamento, valutazione e il Portfolio europeo delle lingue. Da quel momento e ancora oggi l’attenzione è rivolta all’approccio orientato all’azione e ad alcuni elementi fondanti della situazione di apprendimento/insegnamento come il discente, protagonista attivo di ciò che impara, il contenuto delle lezioni di lingua che si amplia, il compito che il discente deve svolgere per imparare, l’insegnante che agisce come un regista.