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The Metal Road of the Eastern Eurasian Steppe

The Metal Road of the Eastern Eurasian Steppe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jianhua Yang,Huiqiu Shao,Ling Pan
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9813291559
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The Metal Road of the Eastern Eurasian Steppe by Jianhua Yang,Huiqiu Shao,Ling Pan Summary

This book is one of the first to systematically explore cultural interactions between the Northern Zone of China and the Eurasian Steppe, with a focus on the formation process of the Xiongnu Confederation and the Silk Road. Combining partition and staging analyses, the authors adopt a broad perspective, viewing the Northern Zone as part of the Eurasian Steppe and combining history with culture by investigating the spread of bronze artifacts. In addition, with more than three hundred figures and color photographs, it offers readers a uniquely grand panorama of two thousand years of cultural interactions between the Northern Zone of China and the Eurasian Steppe.

Eurasian Steppes. Ecological Problems and Livelihoods in a Changing World

Eurasian Steppes. Ecological Problems and Livelihoods in a Changing World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Marinus J.A. Werger,Marja A. van Staalduinen
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400738862
FileSize: 1679kb
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Eurasian Steppes. Ecological Problems and Livelihoods in a Changing World by Marinus J.A. Werger,Marja A. van Staalduinen Summary

Steppes form one of the largest biomes. Drastic changes in steppe ecology, land use and livelihoods came with the emergence, and again with the collapse, of communist states. Excessive ploughing and vast influx of people into the steppe zone led to a strong decline in nomadic pastoralism in the Soviet Union and China and in severely degraded steppe ecosystems. In Mongolia nomadic pastoralism persisted, but steppes degraded because of strongly increased livestock loads. After the Soviet collapse steppes regenerated on huge tracts of fallow land. Presently, new, restorative steppe land management schemes are applied. On top of all these changes come strong effects of climate change in the northern part of the steppe zone. This book gives an up-to-date overview of changes in ecology, climate and use of the entire Eurasian steppe area and their effects on livelihoods of steppe people. It integrates knowledge that so far was available only in a spectrum of locally used languages.

The Barbarian's Beverage

The Barbarian's Beverage Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Max Nelson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134386710
FileSize: 545kb
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The Barbarian's Beverage by Max Nelson Summary

Comprehensive and detailed, this is the first ever study of ancient beer and its distilling, consumption and characteristics Examining evidence from Greek and Latin authors from 700 BC to AD 900, the book demonstrates the important technological as well as ideological contributions the Europeans made to beer throughout the ages. The study is supported by textual and archaeological evidence and gives a fresh and fascinating insight into an aspect of ancient life that has fed through to modern society and which stands today as one of the world’s most popular beverages. Students of ancient history, classical studies and the history of food and drink will find this an useful and enjoyable read.

Islamic Central Asia

Islamic Central Asia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Scott C. Levi,Ron Sela
Editor: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253013593
FileSize: 917kb
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Islamic Central Asia by Scott C. Levi,Ron Sela Summary

Islamic Central Asia is the first English-language anthology of primary documents for the study of Central Asian history. Scott C. Levi and Ron Sela draw from a vast array of historical sources to illustrate important aspects of the social, cultural, political, and economic history of Islamic Central Asia. These documents—many newly translated and most not readily available for study—cover the period from the 7th-century Arab conquests to the 19th-century Russian colonial era and provide new insights into the history and significance of the region.

Poplars and Willows

Poplars and Willows Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jud G. Isebrands,Jim Richardson
Editor: CABI
ISBN: 1780641087
FileSize: 815kb
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Poplars and Willows by Jud G. Isebrands,Jim Richardson Summary

Poplars and willows form an important component of forestry and agricultural systems, providing a wide range of wood and non-wood products. This book synthesizes research on poplars and willows, providing a practical worldwide overview and guide to their basic characteristics, cultivation and use, issues, problems and trends. Prominence is given to environmental benefits and the importance of poplar and willow cultivation in meeting the needs of people and communities, sustainable livelihoods, land use and development.

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: E. M. Scott,Andrey Yu. Alekseev,Ganna Zaitseva
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402026560
FileSize: 1776kb
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Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia by E. M. Scott,Andrey Yu. Alekseev,Ganna Zaitseva Summary

This book is a collection of the articles presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW 979859) held in St. Petersburg, from the 15-18 November 2003 in the Hermitage Museum. The title of the workshop was “The impact of the environment on Human Migration in Eurasia”. More than 40 scientists from Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Poland, Germany, Switzerland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Belgium, Finland, Lithuania and Latvia took part. The themes of the workshop focused on the origin, development, interactions, and migrations of prehistoric and ancient populations, specifically the Scythians, in Eurasia and their relationships with the environment of the time. The discussion of these questions necessitated the participation of specialists from a wide range of academic fields. Beyond any doubt, the environment played an important role in the life of ancient nomadic populations, forming the basis of their economies and influencing various aspects of their mode of life. In this respect, the collaboration of specialists in the Humanities and Science is essential for the solution of scientific questions concerning these peoples. Over the past few years, a large amount of new proxy data related to environmental changes during the Pleistocene and the Holocene and their impact on human life has become available. Our discussion was predominantly limited to environmental changes related to the Holocene. In st this period of about 10000 years, the main focus was on the 1 millennium BC.

Central Asia and the Silk Road

Central Asia and the Silk Road Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stephan Barisitz
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319512137
FileSize: 1955kb
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Central Asia and the Silk Road by Stephan Barisitz Summary

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the pre-modern economic history of Central Asia and the Silk Road, covering several millennia. By analyzing an abundance of sources and materials, it illustrates the repeated economic heydays of the Silk Road, during which it linked the Orient and Occident for many centuries. Nomadic steppe empires frequently dominated Central Asia, molded its economy and influenced trade along the Silk Road. The book assesses the causes and effects of the wide-ranging overland trade booms, while also discussing various internal and external factors that led to the gradual economic decline of Central Asia and eventual demise of the Silk Road. Lastly, it explains how the economic decline gave rise to Chinese and Russian colonialism in the 18th and 19th centuries. Detailed information, e.g. on the Silk Road’s trajectories in various epochs, is offered in the form of numerous newly drafted maps.

KULUNDA: Climate Smart Agriculture

KULUNDA: Climate Smart Agriculture Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Manfred Frühauf,Georg Guggenberger,Tobias Meinel,Insa Theesfeld,Sebastian Lentz
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030159272
FileSize: 1778kb
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KULUNDA: Climate Smart Agriculture by Manfred Frühauf,Georg Guggenberger,Tobias Meinel,Insa Theesfeld,Sebastian Lentz Summary

This book focuses on a representative example and one of the world’s largest steppe conversions, and provides a detailed overview of the results of the BMBF-funded research project KULUNDA. As part of the Siberian virgin land policy, the Kulunda steppe was transformed into agricultural land from 1954 to 1965. In the course of the project, a multidisciplinary research team conducted a natural, social-economic and agro-scientific cause-and-effect analysis of (agro-)ecosystem destabilisation, as well as various field trials covering tillage and crop rotation options in their socio-economic context. The ecologically and economically sound findings offer strategies for combining climate smart land utilization, ecosystem restoration and sustainable regional development, and can readily be applied to other virgin land conversion efforts. In addition, the findings on the Eurasian steppes will expand the current conversion literature, which mainly consists of the ‘Dust Bowl’ literature of the North American plains. Given its scope, the book will appeal to scientists, professionals, and students in the environmental, geo- and climate sciences.