Education: A Very Short Introduction by Gary Thomas

Education: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Education: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Gary Thomas
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199643261
  • Pages : 137
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

From the schools of ancient times to the present day, Gary Thomas looks at how and why education evolved as it has. By exploring some of the big questions, he examines the ways in which schools work, considers the differences around the world, and concludes by considering the future of education worldwide.


Universities and Colleges by David Palfreyman,Paul Temple

Universities and Colleges
  • Title : Universities and Colleges
  • Author : David Palfreyman,Paul Temple
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198766130
  • Pages : 150
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What is a university? What is the University? How have universities evolved over the centuries? How might they change over the coming decades as the physical and organisational entity most identified with "higher education" being delivered to over 250 million students? What will be the impactof digital- and distance-learning, of commercial for-profit new entrants to the higher education market, of government austerity, of globalization, of student consumerism? Exploring the origins and the concept, the idea and the ideal, of the university, this Very Short Introduction discusses one of the world's oldest, most resilient, and most adaptable institutions. David Palfreyman and Paul Temple consider the links between universities and the economy, and the roleof universities within society. Highlighting some of the key questions surrounding the position of universities, they ask how the university can be politically accountable for its taxpayer funding, if it needs to be autonomous to function effectively as a public good. Are professors professionalenough in their teaching practices at a time that increasing tuition fees transform students more and more into consumers? And just what does "academic freedom" for university faculties really entail? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Rhetoric: A Very Short Introduction by Richard Toye

Rhetoric: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Rhetoric: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Richard Toye
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199651361
  • Pages : 122
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Society's attitudes to rhetoric are often very negative. Here, Richard Toye provides an engaging, historically informed introduction to rhetoric, from Ancient Greece to the present day. Wide-ranging in its scope, this Very Short Introduction is the essential starting point for understanding the art of persuasion.


Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction by Stephen Mumford

Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Stephen Mumford
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191640263
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Metaphysics is one of the traditional four main branches of philosophy, alongside ethics, logic and epistemology. It is also an area that continues to attract and hold a fascination for many people yet it is associated with being complex and abstract. For some it is associated with the mystical or religious. For others it is known through the metaphysical poets who talk of love and spirituality. This Very Short Introduction goes right to the heart of the matter, getting to the basic and most important questions of metaphysical thought in order to understand the theory: What are objects? Do colours and shapes have some form of existence? What is it for one thing to cause another rather than just being associated with it? What is possible? Does time pass? By using these questions to initiate thought about the basic issues around substance, properties, changes, causes, possibilities, time, personal identity, nothingness and emergentism, Stephen Mumford provides a clear and simple path through this analytical tradition at the core of philosophical thought. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Reading: A Very Short Introduction by Belinda Jack

Reading: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Reading: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Belinda Jack
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0192552457
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Today many people take reading for granted, but we remain some way off from attaining literacy for the global human population. And whilst we think we know what reading is, it remains in many ways a mysterious process, or set of processes. The effects of reading are myriad: it can be informative, distracting, moving, erotically arousing, politically motivating, spiritual, and much, much more. At different times and in different places reading means different things. In this Very Short Introduction Belinda Jack explores the fascinating history of literacy, and the opportunities reading opens. For much of human history reading was the preserve of the elite, and most reading meant being read to. Innovations in printing, paper-making, and transport, combined with the rise of public education from the late eighteenth century on, brought a dramatic rise in literacy in many parts of the world. Established links between a nation's levels of literacy and its economy led to the promotion of reading for political ends. But, equally, reading has been associated with subversive ideas, leading to censorship through multiple channels: denying access to education, controlling publishing, destroying libraries, and even the burning of authors and their works. Indeed, the works of Voltaire were so often burned that an enterprising Parisian publisher produced a fire-proof edition, decorated with a phoenix. But, as Jack demonstrates, reading is a collaborative act between an author and a reader, and one which can never be wholly controlled. Telling the story of reading, from the ancient world to digital reading and restrictions today, Belinda Jack explores why it is such an important aspect of our society. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Development by Ian Goldin

Development
  • Title : Development
  • Author : Ian Goldin
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198736258
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What do we mean by development? How can citizens, governments, and the international community foster development? The process by which nations escape poverty and achieve economic and social progress has been the subject of extensive examination for hundreds of years. The notion of development itself has evolved from an original preoccupation with incomes and economic growth to a much broader understanding of development. In this Very Short Introduction Ian Goldin considers the contributions that education, health, gender, equity, and other dimensions of human well-being make to development, and discusses why it is also necessary to include the role of institutions and the rule of law as well as sustainability and environmental concerns. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction by Philip Mladenov

Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Philip Mladenov
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019884171X
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The oceans are our planet's most distinctive and imposing natural habitat. They cover 71 percent of its surface; support a remarkably diverse and exquisitely adapted array of life forms, from microscopic viruses, bacteria, and plankton to the largest existing animals; and possess many of Earth's most significant, intriguing, and inaccessible ecosystems. In an era in which humans are significantly altering the global environment, the oceans are undergoing rapid and profound changes. The study of marine biology is thus taking on added importance and urgency as people struggle to understand and manage these changes to protect our marine ecosystems. Healthy oceans produce half of the oxygen we breathe; stabilize our climate; create ecosystems that protect our coasts from storms; provide us with abundant food; and host diverse organisms that provide us with natural products for medicine and biotechnology. In this Very Short Introduction, marine biologist Philip Mladenov provides an accessible and up-to-date overview of marine biology, offering a tour of marine life and marine processes that ranges from the unimaginably abundant microscopic organisms that drive the oceans' food web to the apex predators that we exploit for food; from polar ocean ecosystems to tropical coral reefs; and from the luxurious kelp beds of the coastal ocean to deep-ocean hydrothermal vents where life exists without the energy of the sun. Throughout the book he considers the human impacts on marine life including overfishing, plastic and nutrient pollution, the spread of exotic species, and ocean warming and acidification. He discusses the threats these pose to our welfare, and the actions required to put us on a path to a more sustainable relationship with our oceans so that they can be restored and protected for future generations. Mladenov concludes with a new chapter offering an inspiring vision for the future of our oceans in 2050 that can be realised if we are wise enough to accelerate actions already underway and be bold with implementing new approaches. The next decade will decide the state of the oceans that we leave behind for future generations. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Future by Jennifer Gidley

The Future
  • Title : The Future
  • Author : Jennifer Gidley
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198735286
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

From the beginning of time, humans have been driven by both a fear of the unknown and a curiosity to know. We have always yearned to know what lies ahead, whether threat or safety, scarcity or abundance. Throughout human history, our forebears tried to create certainty in the unknown, by seeking to influence outcomes with sacrifices to gods, preparing for the unexpected with advice from oracles, and by reading the stars through astrology. As scientific methods improve and computer technology develops we become ever more confident of our capacity to predict and quantify the future by accumulating and interpreting patterns from the past, yet the truth is there is still no certainty to be had. In this Very Short Introduction Jennifer Gidley considers some of our most burning questions: What is -the future?- Is the future a time yet to come? Or is it a utopian place? Does the future have a history? Is there only one future or are there many possible futures? She asks if the future can ever be truly predicted or if we create our own futures -both hoped for and feared - by our thoughts, feelings, and actions, and concludes by analyzing how we can learn to study the future. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Learning by Mark Haselgrove

Learning
  • Title : Learning
  • Author : Mark Haselgrove
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199688362
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. Without learning there can be no memory, no language and no intelligence. Indeed it is rather difficult to imagine a part of psychology, or neuroscience, that learning does not touch upon. In this Very Short Introduction Mark Haselgrove describes learning from the perspective of associative theories of classical and instrumental conditioning, and considers why these are the dominant, and best described analyses of learning in contemporary psychology. Tracing the origins of these theories, he discusses the techniques used to study learning in both animals and humans, and considers the importance of learning for animal behaviour and survival. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction by Andrew Robinson

Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Andrew Robinson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199567786
  • Pages : 157
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Writing is a defining marker of civilisation; without it there could be no accumulation of knowledge. Andrew Robinson tells the fascinating story of the history of writing, considering its development, and examining the enormous variety of writing and scripts we use today.


Psychology: A Very Short Introduction by Gillian Butler,Freda McManus

Psychology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Psychology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Gillian Butler,Freda McManus
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199670420
  • Pages : 148
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Fully updated new edition"--Label on cover.


Child Psychology by Usha Goswami

Child Psychology
  • Title : Child Psychology
  • Author : Usha Goswami
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199646597
  • Pages : 134
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This Very Short Introduction provides an up-to-date, authoritative, and accessible guide to modern child psychology, from birth to early adolescence. Beginning with infancy, Usha Goswami considers the process of attachment and bonding, showing how secure attachments enable the development of self-understanding. Exploring childhood learning, ranging from aspects of language and thinking to cognitive reasoning, Goswami looks at how babies and toddlers develop an understanding of the physical, biological, and social worlds, and develop complex abilities like language and morality. Demonstrating how learning is shaped by the environments surrounding the child; at home, school, with peers, and in wider society, Goswami emphasizes the importance of childhood friendships and siblings for psychological development. Introducing the key theories in child psychology, Goswami explains why children develop as they do and how society can further optimize their development through the adolescent years. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction by Julia Annas

Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Julia Annas
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578304
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The tradition of ancient philosophy is a long, rich and varied one, in which a constant note is that of discussion and argument. This book introduces readers to some ancient debates to engage with the ancient developments of some themes. Getting away from the presentation of ancient philosophy as a succession of Great Thinkers, the book gives readers a sense of the freshness and liveliness of ancient philosophy, and of its wide variety of themes and styles. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The European Union: A Very Short Introduction by John Pinder,Simon Usherwood

The European Union: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The European Union: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : John Pinder,Simon Usherwood
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199681694
  • Pages : 181
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Fully updated to include the Lisbon treaty, the EU fiscal crisis, and the state of the Euro currency, this accessible Very Short Introduction shows how and why the EU has developed, how its institutions works, and what it does - from the single market to the Euro, and from agriculture to peace-keeping and the environment.


Nationalism: A Very Short Introduction by Steven Elliott Grosby

Nationalism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Nationalism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Steven Elliott Grosby
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0192840983
  • Pages : 142
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Throughout history, humanity has borne witness to the political and moral challenges that arise when people place national identity above allegiance to geo-political states or international communities. This book discusses the concept of nations and nationalism from social, philosophical, geological, theological and anthropological perspectives. It examines the subject through conflicts past and present, including recent conflicts in the Balkans and the Middle East, rather than exclusively focusing on theory. Above all, this fascinating and comprehensive work clearly shows how feelings of nationalism are an inescapable part of being human.


Demography by Sarah Harper

Demography
  • Title : Demography
  • Author : Sarah Harper
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198725736
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The generation into which each person is born, the demographic composition of that cohort, and its relation to those born at the same time in other places influences not only a person's life chances, but also the economic and political structures within which that life is lived; the person's access to social and natural resources (food, water, education, jobs, sexual partners); and even the length of that person's life. Demography, literally the study of people, addresses the size, distribution, composition, and density of populations, and considers the impact the drivers which mediate these will have on both individual lives and the changing structure of human populations. This Very Short Introduction considers the way in which the global population has evolved over time and space. Sarah Harper discusses the theorists, theories, and methods involved in studying population trends and movements. She then looks at the emergence of new demographic sub-disciplines and addresses some of the future population challenges of the 21st century. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Structural Engineering by David Blockley

Structural Engineering
  • Title : Structural Engineering
  • Author : David Blockley
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199671931
  • Pages : 129
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Descripción del editor: "Using examples from around the world, including the Shard in London and jumbo jets like the A380, David Blockley explores the world of structural engineering. This Very Short Introduction considers the crucial role structural engineering has on issues such as cost and energy efficiency to long-term sustainability and safety" (Oxford University Press).


Genius: A Very Short Introduction by Andrew Robinson

Genius: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Genius: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Andrew Robinson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199594406
  • Pages : 135
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The first concise study of genius in both the arts and the sciences, using the life and work of famous geniuses to illuminate this phenomenon.-publisher description.


Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction by Timothy Gowers,Timothy (Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics Gowers, Cambridge University)

Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Timothy Gowers,Timothy (Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics Gowers, Cambridge University)
  • Publisher : Oxford Paperbacks
  • ISBN Code : 9780192853615
  • Pages : 143
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The aim of this volume is to explain the differences between research-level mathematics and the maths taught at school. Most differences are philosophical and the first few chapters are about general aspects of mathematical thought.


Poststructuralism: A Very Short Introduction by Catherine Belsey

Poststructuralism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Poststructuralism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Catherine Belsey
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191604402
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Poststructuralism changes the way we understand the relations between human beings, their culture, and the world. Following a brief account of the historical relationship between structuralism and poststructuralism, this Very Short Introduction traces the key arguments that have led poststructuralists to challenge traditional theories of language and culture. Whilst the author discusses such well-known figures as Barthes, Foucault, Derrida, and Lacan, she also draws pertinent examples from literature, art, film, and popular culture, unfolding the postructuralist account of what it means to be a human being. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Human Rights by Andrew Clapham

Human Rights
  • Title : Human Rights
  • Author : Andrew Clapham
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198706162
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Today it is usually not long before a problem gets expressed as a human rights issue. Indeed, human rights law continues to gain increasing attention internationally, and must move quickly in order to keep up with a social world that changes so rapidly. This Very Short Introduction, in its second edition, brings the issue of human rights up to date, considering the current controversies surrounding the movement. Discussing torture and arbitrary detention in the context of counter terrorism, Andrew Clapham also considers new challenges to human rights in the context of privacy, equality and the right to health. Looking at the philosophical justification for rights, the historical origins of human rights and how they are formed in law, Clapham explains what our human rights actually are, what they might be, and where the human rights movement is heading. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


American Legal History: A Very Short Introduction by G. Edward White

American Legal History: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : American Legal History: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : G. Edward White
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199766002
  • Pages : 149
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A concise examination of the central role of legal decisions in shaping key social issues explores topics ranging from Native American affairs and slavery to business and home life as well as how criminal and civil offenses have been addressed in positive and negative ways. Original.


Rousseau: A Very Short Introduction by Robert Wokler

Rousseau: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Rousseau: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Robert Wokler
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191604429
  • Pages : 188
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

One of the most profound thinkers of modern history, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-78) was a central figure of the European Enlightenment. He was also its most formidable critic, condemning the political, economic, theological, and sexual trappings of civilization along lines that would excite the enthusiasm of romantic individualists and radical revolutionaries alike. In this study of Rousseau's life and works Robert Wokler shows how his philosophy of history, his theories of music and politics, his fiction, educational and religious writings, and even his botany, were all inspired by visionary ideals of mankind's self-realization in a condition of unfettered freedom. He explains how, in regressing to classical republicanism, ancient mythology, direct communion with God, and solitude, Rousseau anticipated some post-modernist rejections of the Enlightenment as well. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


An Introduction to the Study of Education by David Matheson

An Introduction to the Study of Education
  • Title : An Introduction to the Study of Education
  • Author : David Matheson
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1136253955
  • Pages : 446
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This fully updated, fourth edition of An Introduction to the Study of Education provides a comprehensive and reflective introduction to the study of education, inviting students to question what education is, who it is for and what purpose it serves. Taking the reader from the early years through to lifelong learning, it examines all forms of education and learning. This new edition includes ten completely new chapters and a step-by-step guide to essay writing. There is also a companion website to accompany the book, featuring additional chapters which can be visited at www.routledge.com/cw/matheson.This fully updated, fourth edition provides: a full exploration of the historical, sociological, philosophical and psychological roots of education; a clear focus on the individual levels of education – preschool, compulsory, post-compulsory and lifelong learning; the latest debates within special educational needs; an in-depth examination of learning styles; insights into the historical development of education and the role of, and background to, research in education; a focus on current educational practice and diversity across the United Kingdom and Ireland. Written in a clear and accessible style, this is the essential core text for all beginning students on undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Education Studies and all those interested in education today, where it came from and where it is going.


Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction by Andrew Clapham

Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Andrew Clapham
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578592
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Today it is usually not long before a problem gets expressed as a human rights issue. An appeal to human rights in the face of injustice can be a heartfelt and morally justified demand for some, while for others it remains merely an empty slogan. Taking an international perspective and focusing on highly topical issues such as torture, arbitrary detention, privacy, health and discrimination, this Very Short Introduction will help readers to understand for themselves the controversies and complexities behind this vitally relevant issue. Looking at the philosophical justification for rights, the historical origins of human rights and how they are formed in law, Andrew Clapham explains what our human rights actually are, what they might be, and where the human rights movement is heading. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction by Colin Ward

Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Colin Ward
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191577987
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The word 'anarchism' tends to conjure up images of aggressive protest against government, and - recently - of angry demonstrations against bodies such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. But is anarchism inevitably linked with violent disorder? Do anarchists adhere to a coherent ideology? What exactly is anarchism? In this Very Short Introduction, Colin Ward considers anarchism from a variety of perspectives: theoretical, historical, and international, and by exploring key anarchist thinkers from Kropotkin to Chomsky. He looks critically at anarchism by evaluating key ideas within it, such as its blanket opposition to incarceration, and policy of 'no compromise' with the apparatus of political decision-making. Among the questions he ponders are: can anarchy ever function effectively as a political force? Is it more 'organized' and 'reasonable' than is currently perceived? Whatever the politics of the reader, Ward's argument ensures that anarchism will be much better understood after reading this book. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction by Jerry Brotton

The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Jerry Brotton
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191577553
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

More than ever before, the Renaissance stands as one of the defining moments in world history. Between 1400 and 1600, European perceptions of society, culture, politics and even humanity itself emerged in ways that continue to affect not only Europe but the entire world. This wide-ranging exploration of the Renaissance sees the period as a time of unprecedented intellectual excitement and cultural experimentation and interaction on a global scale, alongside a darker side of religion, intolerance, slavery, and massive inequality of wealth and status. It guides the reader through the key issues that defined the period, from its art, architecture, and literature, to advancements in the fields of science, trade, and travel. In its incisive account of the complexities of the political and religious upheavals of the period, the book argues that Europe's reciprocal relationship with its eastern neighbours offers us a timely perspective on the Renaissance that still has much to teach us today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Projects by Andrew Davies

Projects
  • Title : Projects
  • Author : Andrew Davies
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198727666
  • Pages : 155
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"In this Very Short Introduction Andrew Davies looks at how projects have developed since the industrial revolution to create the human-built world in which we live, work, and play. Considering some of our greatest endeavours such as the Erie Canal, Apollo Moon landing, Japanese product development, and Chinese ecocity projects, Davies identifies how projects are organized and managed to design and produce large and complex systems, cope with fast changing conditions, and deal with the immense uncertainties required to create breakthrough innovations in products and services. He concludes by considering how projects could be organized to address the challenges facing the post-industrial society of the 21st century"--Amazon.com.


Critical Theory: a Very Short Introduction by Stephen Eric Bronner

Critical Theory: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Critical Theory: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Stephen Eric Bronner
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190692677
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Preface -- Introduction: what is critical theory? -- The frankfurt school -- A matter of method -- Critical theory and modernism -- Alienation and reification -- Enlightened illusions -- The utopian laboratory -- The happy consciousness -- The great refusal -- From resignation to renewal -- Unfinished tasks -- Further reading -- Index


Networks: A Very Short Introduction by Guido Caldarelli,Michele Catanzaro

Networks: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Networks: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Guido Caldarelli,Michele Catanzaro
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191642738
  • Pages : 136
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

From ecosystems to Facebook, from the Internet to the global financial market, some of the most important and familiar natural systems and social phenomena are based on a networked structure. It is impossible to understand the spread of an epidemic, a computer virus, large-scale blackouts, or massive extinctions without taking into account the network structure that underlies all these phenomena. In this Very Short Introduction, Guido Caldarelli and Michele Catanzaro discuss the nature and variety of networks, using everyday examples from society, technology, nature, and history to explain and understand the science of network theory. They show the ubiquitous role of networks; how networks self-organize; why the rich get richer; and how networks can spontaneously collapse. They conclude by highlighting how the findings of complex network theory have very wide and important applications in genetics, ecology, communications, economics, and sociology. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Fractals: A Very Short Introduction by K. J. Falconer

Fractals: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Fractals: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : K. J. Falconer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199675988
  • Pages : 132
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An essential discussion of the popular science and mathematics behind fractals reveals how fractal shapes can be found everywhere in nature from clouds to coastlines, explaining how basic concepts in fractal geometry produced a revolution in mathematical understandings of patterns in the 20th century. Original.


Branding: a Very Short Introduction by Robert Jones

Branding: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Branding: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Robert Jones
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198749910
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this 'Very Short Introduction' Robert Jones discusses the rising omnipresence of brands, and analyses how they work their magic. He considers the incredible potency of brands as a commercial, social, and cultural force, and looks at the many different kinds of brands that exist - from products, services, and artistic properties, to companies, charities, sports clubs, and political parties. Defining what we mean by the word 'brand', he explores both the positive and negative aspects of brands. Finally Jones considers the business of branding, and asks whether the idea of brands and branding is starting to decline, or whether it has a long future ahead.


International Migration by Khalid Koser

International Migration
  • Title : International Migration
  • Author : Khalid Koser
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198753772
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In recent years, global migration has transformed in terms of its numbers and reach, its political significance, and its impact. The rising rates of international migration have been matched by growing public and media interest around the world. Today, the political and media attention on migration and greater public interest and concern feed into an international debate that is all too often poorly informed and one-sided. This Very Short Introduction looks at the phenomenon of international human migration - both legal and illegal - and offers an objective stance on the topic, and its benefits and challenges. Khalid Koser reveals the opportunities migration presents that must be taken advantage of in the current economic climate, and debunks common myths to demonstrate that society, as we now know it, cannot function without migrants. Using interviews with migrants from around the world, Koser presents the human side of issues such as asylum, human trafficking, migrant smuggling, and the international labour force, inviting readers to come to their own conclusions on the international migration situation today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction by Stephen Gaukroger

Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Stephen Gaukroger
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199606692
  • Pages : 112
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Objectivity is both an essential and elusive philosophical concept. This Very Short Introduction explores the theoretical and practical problems raised by objectivity, and also deals with the way in which particular understandings of objectivity impinge on social research, science, and art.


The Sun: a Very Short Introduction by Philip Judge

The Sun: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Sun: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Philip Judge
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198832699
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Sun, as our nearest star, is of enormous importance for life on Earth - providing the warm radiation and light which allowed complex life to evolve. The Sun plays a key role in influencing our climate, whilst solar storms and high-energy events can threaten our communication infrastructure and satellites. This Very Short Introduction explores what we know about the Sun, its physics, its structure, origins, and future evolution. Philip Judge explains some of the remaining puzzles about the Sun that still confound us, using elementary physics, and mathematical concepts. Why does the Sun form spots? Why does it flare? As he shows, these and other nagging difficulties relate to the Sun's continually variable magnetism, which converts an otherwise dull star into a machine for flooding interplanetary space with variable radiation, high-energy particles and magnetic ejections. Throughout, Judge highlights the many reasons that the Sun is important, and why scientists engage in solar research. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Robotics: A Very Short Introduction by Alan Winfield

Robotics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Robotics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Alan Winfield
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191646482
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Robotics is a key technology in the modern world. Robots are a well-established part of manufacturing and warehouse automation, assembling cars or washing machines, and, for example, moving goods to and from storage racks for Internet mail order. More recently robots have taken their first steps into homes and hospitals, and seen spectacular success in planetary exploration. Yet, despite these successes, robots have failed to live up to the predictions of the 1950s and 60s, when it was widely thought - by scientists and engineers as well as the public - that by turn of the 21st century we would have intelligent robots as butlers, companions, or co-workers. This Very Short Introduction explains how it is that robotics can be both a success story and a disappointment, how robots can be both ordinary and remarkable, and looks at their important developments in science and their applications to everyday life. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Periodic Table by Eric R. Scerri

The Periodic Table
  • Title : The Periodic Table
  • Author : Eric R. Scerri
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198842325
  • Pages : 184
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The periodic table of elements, first encountered by many of us at school, provides an arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties, and divided into periodic trends. In this Very Short Introduction Eric R. Scerri looks at the trends in properties of elements that led to the construction of the table, and shows how the deeper meaning of the table's structure gradually became apparent with the development of atomic theory and, in particular, quantum mechanics, which underlies the behaviour of all of the elements and their compounds. This new edition, publishing in the International Year of the Periodic Table, celebrates the completion of the seventh period of the table, with the ratification and naming of elements 113, 115, 117, and 118 as nihonium, moscovium, tennessine, and oganesson. Eric R. Scerri also incorporates new material on recent advances in our understanding of the origin of the elements, as well as developments concerning group three of the periodic table. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Quakers: A Very Short Introduction by Pink Dandelion

The Quakers: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Quakers: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Pink Dandelion
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578649
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Quakers are a fascinating religious group both in their origins and in the variety of reinterpretations of the faith since. Emerging from the social unrest of the English civil war, the Quakers have gone on to have an influence way beyond their numbers: be it their continued stance against war or their pioneering work against slavery. At the same time, Quakers maintain a distinctive worship method to achieve the direct encounter with God which has been at the heart of the movement since its beginning. This book charts the history of Quakerism and its present-day diversity, and outlines its approach to worship, belief, theology and language, and ecumenism. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Democracy: A Very Short Introduction by Bernard Crick

Democracy: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Democracy: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Bernard Crick
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191577650
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

No political concept is more used, and misused, than that of democracy. Nearly every regime today claims to be democratic, but not all 'democracies' allow free politics, and free politics existed long before democratic franchises. This book is a short account of the history of the doctrine and practice of democracy, from ancient Greece and Rome through the American, French, and Russian revolutions, and of the usages and practices associated with it in the modern world. It argues that democracy is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for good government, and that ideas of the rule of law, and of human rights, should in some situations limit democratic claims. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction by Rodolfo Saracci

Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Rodolfo Saracci
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191609242
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What is epidemiology? What are the causes of a new disease? How can pandemics be prevented? Epidemiology is the study of the changing patterns of disease and its main aim is to improve the health of populations. It's a vital field, central to the health of society, to the identification of causes of disease, and to their management and prevention. Epidemiology has had an impact on many areas of medicine; from discovering the relationship between tobacco smoking and lung cancer, to the origin and spread of new epidemics. However, it is often poorly understood, largely due to misrepresentations in the media. In this Very Short Introduction Rodolfo Saracci dispels some of the myths surrounding the study of epidemiology. He provides a general explanation of the principles behind clinical trials, and explains the nature of basic statistics concerning disease. He also looks at the ethical and political issues related to obtaining and using information concerning patients, and trials involving placebos. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.