Essays In Experimental Logic The Original Classic Edition

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Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences

Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135932263
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Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences by Summary

This 2-volume work includes approximately 1,200 entries in A-Z order, critically reviewing the literature on specific topics from abortion to world systems theory. In addition, nine major entries cover each of the major disciplines (political economy; management and business; human geography; politics; sociology; law; psychology; organizational behavior) and the history and development of the social sciences in a broader sense.

Parables for the Virtual

Parables for the Virtual Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brian Massumi
Editor: Duke University Press
ISBN: 1478021977
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Parables for the Virtual by Brian Massumi Summary

Since its publication twenty years ago, Brian Massumi's pioneering Parables for the Virtual has become an essential text for interdisciplinary scholars across the humanities. Massumi views the body and media such as television, film, and the internet as cultural formations that operate on multiple registers of sensation. Renewing and assessing William James's radical empiricism and Henri Bergson's philosophy of perception through the filter of the postwar French philosophy of Deleuze, Guattari, and Foucault, Massumi links a cultural logic of variation to questions of movement, affect, and sensation. Replacing the traditional opposition of literal and figural with distinctions between stasis and motion and between actual and virtual, Massumi tackles related theoretical issues by applying them to cultural mediums as diverse as architecture, body art, the digital art of Stelarc, and Ronald Reagan's acting career. The result is an intriguing combination of cultural theory, science, and philosophy that asserts itself in a crystalline and multifaceted argument. This twentieth anniversary edition includes a new preface in which Massumi situates the book in relation to developments since its publication and outlines the evolution of its main concepts. It also includes two short texts, “Keywords for Affect” and “Missed Conceptions about Affect,” in which Massumi explicates his approach to affect in ways that emphasize the book's political and philosophical stakes.

Bones, Bodies amd Behavior

Bones, Bodies amd Behavior Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George W. Stocking
Editor: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 0299112535
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Bones, Bodies amd Behavior by George W. Stocking Summary

History of Anthropology is a series of annual volumes, inaugurated in 1983, each broadly unified around a theme of major importance to both the history and the present practice of anthropological inquiry. Bones, Bodies, Behavior, the fifth in the series, treats a number of issues relating to the history of biological or physical anthropology: the application of the "race" idea to humankind, the comparison of animals minds to those of humans, the evolution of humans from primate forms, and the relation of science to racial ideology. Following an introductory overview of biological anthropology in Western tradition, the seven essays focus on a series of particular historical episodes from 1830 to 1980: the emergence of the race idea in restoration France, the comparative psychological thought of the American ethnologist Lewis Henry Morgan, the archeological background of the forgery of the remains "discovered" at Piltdown in 1912, their impact on paleoanthropology in the interwar period, the background and development of physical anthropology in Nazi Germany, and the attempts of Franx Boas and others to organize a consensus against racialism among British and American scientists in the late 1930s. The volume concludes with a provocative essay on physical anthropology and primate studies in the United States in the years since such a consensus was established by the UNESCO "Statements on Race" of 1950 and 1951. Bringing together the contributions of a physical anthropologist (Frank Spencer), a historical sociologist (Michael Hammond), and a number of historians of science (Elazar Barkan, Claude Blanckaert, Donna Haraway, Robert Proctor, and Marc Swetlitz), this volume will appeal to a wide range of students, scholars, and general readers interested in the place of biological assumptions in the modern anthropological tradition, in the biological bases of human behavior, in racial ideologies, and in the development of the modern human sciences.

Coleridge’s Experimental Poetics

Coleridge’s Experimental Poetics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Mays
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137350237
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Coleridge’s Experimental Poetics by J. Mays Summary

Coleridge has been perceived as the youthful author of a few brilliant poems. This study argues that his poetry is actually a continuous process of experimentation and provides a new perspective on both familiar and unfamiliar poems, as well as the relation between Coleridge's poetry and philosophical thinking.

Psychologists on Psychology (Classic Edition)

Psychologists on Psychology (Classic Edition) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Cohen
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131761268X
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Psychologists on Psychology (Classic Edition) by David Cohen Summary

This is a Classic Edition of David Cohen’s unique collection of interviews with eminent psychologists, first published in 1977. The book presents conversations with thirteen of the world’s great psychologists, who dominated the subject from 1950 to 1980, and who shaped psychology as we know it today. Those interviewed include Burrhus Skinner, Donald Broadbent, Hans Eysenck and also R.D Laing, Noam Chomsky, and Niko Tinbergen. This classic edition contains a newly written introduction which contextualises the interviews as a critique and diagnosis of the problems of contemporary psychology in the mid 1970’s. Together, the interviews cover a broad range of approaches, and the lively debates about theory, practice and what it means to be human which were occurring at that time. The book shows the different approaches each psychologist has to the subject and why, in terms of background, education, experimental research and personal preference, they came to the positions they hold. The classic edition of Psychologists on Psychology provides an astute, critical snapshot of psychology at that time. It will be of great interest to anyone with an interest in psychology, the history of psychology, and the history of ideas.

The New Historicism

The New Historicism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harold Veeser
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317761200
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The New Historicism by Harold Veeser Summary

Following Clifford Geertz and other cultural anthropologists, the New Historicist critics have evolved a method for describing culture in action. Their "thick descriptions" seize upon an event or anecdote--colonist John Rolfe's conversation with Pocohontas's father, a note found among Nietzsche's papers to the effect that "I have lost my umbrella"--and re-read it to reveal through the analysis of tiny particulars the motive forces controlling a whole society. Contributors: Stephen J. Greenblatt, Louis A. Montrose, Catherine Gallagher, Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Gerald Graff, Jean Franco, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Frank Lentricchia, Vincent Pecora, Jane Marcus, Jon Klancher, Jonathan Arac, Hayden White, Stanley Fish, Judith Newton, Joel Fineman, John Schaffer, Richard Terdiman, Donald Pease, Brooks Thomas.

Statistics and Experimental Design for Psychologists

Statistics and Experimental Design for Psychologists Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rory Allen
Editor: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 1786340674
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Statistics and Experimental Design for Psychologists by Rory Allen Summary

This is the first textbook for psychologists which combines the model comparison method in statistics with a hands-on guide to computer-based analysis and clear explanations of the links between models, hypotheses and experimental designs. Statistics is often seen as a set of cookbook recipes which must be learned by heart. Model comparison, by contrast, provides a mental roadmap that not only gives a deeper level of understanding, but can be used as a general procedure to tackle those problems which can be solved using orthodox statistical methods. Statistics and Experimental Design for Psychologists focusses on the role of Occam's principle, and explains significance testing as a means by which the null and experimental hypotheses are compared using the twin criteria of parsimony and accuracy. This approach is backed up with a strong visual element, including for the first time a clear illustration of what the F-ratio actually does, and why it is so ubiquitous in statistical testing. The book covers the main statistical methods up to multifactorial and repeated measures, ANOVA and the basic experimental designs associated with them. The associated online supplementary material extends this coverage to multiple regression, exploratory factor analysis, power calculations and other more advanced topics, and provides screencasts demonstrating the use of programs on a standard statistical package, SPSS. Of particular value to third year undergraduate as well as graduate students, this book will also have a broad appeal to anyone wanting a deeper understanding of the scientific method. Contents: What is Science?Comparing Different Models of a Set of DataTesting Hypotheses and Recording the Result: Types of ValidityBasic Descriptive Statistics (and How Pierre Laplace Saved the World)Bacon's Legacy: Causal Models, and How to Test ThemHow Hypothesis Testing Copes with Uncertainty: The Legacy of Karl Popper and Ronald FisherGaussian Distributions, the Building Block of Parametric StatisticsRandomized Controlled Trials, the Model T Ford of ExperimentsThe Independent Samples t-Test, the Analytical Engine of the RCTGeneralising the t-Test: One-Way ANOVAMultifactorial Designs and Their ANOVA CounterpartsRepeated Measures Designs, and Their ANOVA CounterpartsAppendices:On Finding the Right Effect SizeWhy Orthogonal Contrasts are UsefulMathematical Justification for the Occam LineGlossaryFurther ReadingReferencesIndex Readership: Students of undergraduate and graduate level psychology, and academics involved in research.

Irony in Language Use and Communication

Irony in Language Use and Communication Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Angeliki Athanasiadou,Herbert L. Colston
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027264821
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Irony in Language Use and Communication by Angeliki Athanasiadou,Herbert L. Colston Summary

The volume provides original research and analyses of the multi-faceted conceptual and verbal process(es) of irony. Key topics explored include interdisciplinary perspectives and approaches to the study of irony. Collectively, the papers examine irony from psychology, embodiment studies, philosophy, cognitive linguistics, the connection and impact of irony on culture and (media) communication, different approaches to verbal irony and others—ultimately attempting to model the mechanisms underlying ironic forms and the psycholinguistic motivations for their investigation. The comprehensive treatment of these issues is fundamental for future research on irony and related phenomena, particularly on questions of its usage, the diversity and/or unity of irony and ultimately the interrelationships between figurative thought and language.

Progress In Decision, Utility And Risk Theory

Progress In Decision, Utility And Risk Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Attila Chikán,József Kindler,István Kiss,Doris Ostrusska
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401131465
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Progress In Decision, Utility And Risk Theory by Attila Chikán,József Kindler,István Kiss,Doris Ostrusska Summary

In this volume we present some of the papers delivered at FUR-IV - the Fourth International Conference on Founda tions and Applications of Utility, Risk and Decision Theory in Budapest, June 1988. The FUR Conferences have provided an appreciated forum every two years since 1982 within which scientists can report recent issues and prospective applications of decision theory, and exchange ideas about controversial questions of this field. Focal points of the presented papers are: expected utility versus alterna tive utility models, concepts of risk and uncertainty, developments of game theory, and investigations of real decision making behaviour under uncertainty and/or in risky situations. We hope that this sample of papers will appeal to a wide spectrum of readers who are interested in and fami liar with this interesting and exciting issues of decision theory. A wide range of theoretical and practical questions is considered in papers included in this volume, and many of them closely related to economics. In fact, there were two Nobel-Laureates in economics among the participants: I. Herbert A. Simon (1978) and Maurice Allais (1988), who won the prize just after the conference. His paper deals with problems of cardinal utility. After a concise overview of the history and theory of cardinal utility he gives an estimate of the invariant cardinal utility function for its whole domain of variation (i. e.

Confessions of a Dying Mind

Confessions of a Dying Mind Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Haulian Guite
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9386432218
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Confessions of a Dying Mind by Haulian Guite Summary

For thousands of years, philosophers have been struggling to prove God. To modern atheists, these are monumental failures. Atheism, then, is the rational position. Or is it? By combining the most sophisticated philosophies (falsification, scientific method, confirmation holism) with the most advanced sciences (quantum, relativity, evolution theories), "Confessions Of A Dying Mind" takes a fresh look at this oldest and profoundest anxiety of man. Uniquely, the book is a novelized nonfiction - indeed, "the first philosophical novel on God". The story is set in the near-death experience of the atheistic protagonist, Albert Dyers. Its central plot proceeds as an adventurous investigation, argument after argument ... till a certain conclusion becomes inescapable. "Confessions" is laced with novel ideas found nowhere else. It is narrated in a highly readable language for all educated laypersons to comprehend with relative ease. The book is therefore a must-read for theists, atheists, and everyone else interested in exploring the relationship of God and science, in light of leading developments.

Working Memory Capacity

Working Memory Capacity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nelson Cowan
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317232372
FileSize: 1918kb
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Working Memory Capacity by Nelson Cowan Summary

The idea of one's memory "filling up" is a humorous misconception of how memory in general is thought to work; it actually has no capacity limit. However, the idea of a "full brain" makes more sense with reference to working memory, which is the limited amount of information a person can hold temporarily in an especially accessible form for use in the completion of almost any challenging cognitive task. This groundbreaking book explains the evidence supporting Cowan's theoretical proposal about working memory capacity, and compares it to competing perspectives. Cognitive psychologists profoundly disagree on how working memory is limited: whether by the number of units that can be retained (and, if so, what kind of units and how many), the types of interfering material, the time that has elapsed, some combination of these mechanisms, or none of them. The book assesses these hypotheses and examines explanations of why capacity limits occur, including vivid biological, cognitive, and evolutionary accounts. The book concludes with a discussion of the practical importance of capacity limits in daily life. This 10th anniversary Classic Edition will continue to be accessible to a wide range of readers and serve as an invaluable reference for all memory researchers.

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Luciano Floridi
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317633490
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The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information by Luciano Floridi Summary

Information and communication technology occupies a central place in the modern world, with society becoming increasingly dependent on it every day. It is therefore unsurprising that it has become a growing subject area in contemporary philosophy, which relies heavily on informational concepts. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information is an outstanding reference source to the key topics and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors the Handbook is divided into four parts: basic ideas quantitative and formal aspects natural and physical aspects human and semantic aspects. Within these sections central issues are examined, including probability, the logic of information, informational metaphysics, the philosophy of data and evidence, and the epistemic value of information. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, computer science and communication studies.

British Science Fiction Film and Television

British Science Fiction Film and Television Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Hochscherf,James Leggott,Donald E. Palumbo
Editor: McFarland
ISBN: 0786484837
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British Science Fiction Film and Television by Tobias Hochscherf,James Leggott,Donald E. Palumbo Summary

Written by international experts from a range of disciplines, these essays examine the uniquely British contribution to science fiction film and television. Viewing British SF as a cultural phenomenon that challenges straightforward definitions of genre, nationhood, authorship and media, the editors provide a conceptual introduction placing the essays within their critical context. Essay topics include Hammer science fiction films, the various incarnations of Doctor Who, Stanley Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange, and such 21st-century productions as 28 Days Later and Torchwood.

Social dilemmas, institutions, and the evolution of cooperation

Social dilemmas, institutions, and the evolution of cooperation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ben Jann,Wojtek Przepiorka
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311047297X
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Social dilemmas, institutions, and the evolution of cooperation by Ben Jann,Wojtek Przepiorka Summary

The question of how cooperation and social order can evolve from a Hobbesian state of nature of a “war of all against all” has always been at the core of social scientific inquiry. Social dilemmas are the main analytical paradigm used by social scientists to explain competition, cooperation, and conflict in human groups. The formal analysis of social dilemmas allows for identifying the conditions under which cooperation evolves or unravels. This knowledge informs the design of institutions that promote cooperative behavior. Yet to gain practical relevance in policymaking and institutional design, predictions derived from the analysis of social dilemmas must be put to an empirical test. The collection of articles in this book gives an overview of state-of-the-art research on social dilemmas, institutions, and the evolution of cooperation. It covers theoretical contributions and offers a broad range of examples on how theoretical insights can be empirically verified and applied to cooperation problems in everyday life. By bringing together a group of distinguished scholars, the book fills an important gap in sociological scholarship and addresses some of the most interesting questions of human sociality.

Reader's Guide to Literature in English

Reader's Guide to Literature in English Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark Hawkins-Dady
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135314179
FileSize: 1899kb
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Reader's Guide to Literature in English by Mark Hawkins-Dady Summary

Reader's Guide Literature in English provides expert guidance to, and critical analysis of, the vast number of books available within the subject of English literature, from Anglo-Saxon times to the current American, British and Commonwealth scene. It is designed to help students, teachers and librarians choose the most appropriate books for research and study.

Philosophy Through Video Games

Philosophy Through Video Games Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jon Cogburn,Mark Silcox
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113585968X
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Philosophy Through Video Games by Jon Cogburn,Mark Silcox Summary

How can Wii Sports teach us about metaphysics? Can playing World of Warcraft lead to greater self-consciousness? How can we learn about aesthetics, ethics and divine attributes from Zork, Grand Theft Auto, and Civilization? A variety of increasingly sophisticated video games are rapidly overtaking books, films, and television as America's most popular form of media entertainment. It is estimated that by 2011 over 30 percent of US households will own a Wii console - about the same percentage that owned a television in 1953. In Philosophy Through Video Games, Jon Cogburn and Mark Silcox - philosophers with game industry experience - investigate the aesthetic appeal of video games, their effect on our morals, the insights they give us into our understanding of perceptual knowledge, personal identity, artificial intelligence, and the very meaning of life itself, arguing that video games are popular precisely because they engage with longstanding philosophical problems. Topics covered include: * The Problem of the External World * Dualism and Personal Identity * Artificial and Human Intelligence in the Philosophy of Mind * The Idea of Interactive Art * The Moral Effects of Video Games * Games and God's Goodness Games discussed include: Madden Football, Wii Sports, Guitar Hero, World of Warcraft, Sims Online, Second Life, Baldur's Gate, Knights of the Old Republic, Elder Scrolls, Zork, EverQuest Doom, Halo 2, Grand Theft Auto, Civilization, Mortal Kombat, Rome: Total War, Black and White, Aidyn Chronicles

Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research

Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Donald T. Campbell,Julian C. Stanley
Editor: Ravenio Books
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Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research by Donald T. Campbell,Julian C. Stanley Summary

We shall examine the validity of 16 experimental designs against 12 common threats to valid inference. By experiment we refer to that portion of research in which variables are manipulated and their effects upon other variables observed. It is well to distinguish the particular role of this chapter. It is not a chapter on experimental design in the Fisher (1925, 1935) tradition, in which an experimenter having complete mastery can schedule treatments and measurements for optimal statistical efficiency, with complexity of design emerging only from that goal of efficiency. Insofar as the designs discussed in the present chapter become complex, it is because of the intransigency of the environment: because, that is, of the experimenter’s lack of complete control.

Linear Circuit Design Handbook

Linear Circuit Design Handbook Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Analog Devices Inc., Engineeri
Editor: Newnes
ISBN: 9780080559155
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Linear Circuit Design Handbook by Analog Devices Inc., Engineeri Summary

This book enables design engineers to be more effective in designing discrete and integrated circuits by helping them understand the role of analog devices in their circuit design. Analog elements are at the heart of many important functions in both discrete and integrated circuits, but from a design perspective the analog components are often the most difficult to understand. Examples include operational amplifiers, D/A and A/D converters and active filters. Effective circuit design requires a strong understanding of the operation of these analog devices and how they affect circuit design. Comprehensive coverage of analog circuit components for the practicing engineer Market-validated design information for all major types of linear circuits Includes practical advice on how to read op amp data sheets and how to choose off-the-shelf op amps Full chapter covering printed circuit board design issues

The Genealogy of Morals

The Genealogy of Morals Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Friedrich Nietzsche
Editor: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048611189X
FileSize: 490kb
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The Genealogy of Morals by Friedrich Nietzsche Summary

Major work on ethics, by one of the most influential thinkers of the last 2 centuries, deals with master/slave morality and modern man's moral practices; the evolution of man's feelings of guilt; and ascetic ideals.

Studies in Logical Theory

Studies in Logical Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Dewey
Editor: Prabhat Prakashan
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Studies in Logical Theory by John Dewey Summary

This volume presents some results of the work done in the matter of logical theory in the Department of Philosophy of the University of Chicago in the first decade of its existence. The eleven Studies are the work of eight different hands, all, with the exception of the editor, having at some period held Fellowships in this University, Dr. Heidel in Greek, the others in Philosophy. Their names and present pursuits are indicated in the Table of Contents. The editor has occasionally, though rarely, added a footnote or phrase which might serve to connect one Study more closely with another. The pages in the discussion of Hypothesis, on Mill and Whewell, are by him. With these exceptions, each writer is individually and completely responsible for his own Study.