Essays On Church State And Politics

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The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Desmond M. Clarke,Catherine Wilson
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191654248
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The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe by Desmond M. Clarke,Catherine Wilson Summary

In this Handbook twenty-six leading scholars survey the development of philosophy between the middle of the sixteenth century and the early eighteenth century. The five parts of the book cover metaphysics and natural philosophy; the mind, the passions, and aesthetics; epistemology, logic, mathematics, and language; ethics and political philosophy; and religion. The period between the publication of Copernicus's De Revolutionibus and Berkeley's reflections on Newton and Locke saw one of the most fundamental changes in the history of our way of thinking about the universe. This radical transformation of worldview was partly a response to what we now call the Scientific Revolution; it was equally a reflection of political changes that were no less fundamental, which included the establishment of nation-states and some of the first attempts to formulate a theory of international rights and justice. Finally, the Reformation and its aftermath undermined the apparent unity of the Christian church in Europe and challenged both religious beliefs that had been accepted for centuries and the interpretation of the Bible on which they had been based. The Handbook surveys a number of the most important developments in the philosophy of the period, as these are expounded both in texts that have since become very familiar and in other philosophical texts that are undeservedly less well-known. It also reaches beyond the philosophy to make evident the fluidity of the boundary with science, and to consider the impact on philosophy of historical and political events—explorations, revolutions and reforms, inventions and discoveries. Thus it not only offers a guide to the most important areas of recent research, but also offers some new questions for historians of philosophy to pursue and to have indicated areas that are ripe for further exploration.

The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther's Theology

The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther's Theology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert Kolb,Irene Dingel,Lubomír Batka
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667471
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The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther's Theology by Robert Kolb,Irene Dingel,Lubomír Batka Summary

As celebrations of the five-hundredth anniversary of Martin Luther's initiation of the most dramatic reform movement in the history of Christianity approach, 47 essays by historians and theologians from 15 countries provide insight into the background and context, the content, and the impact of his way of thought. Nineteenth-century Chinese educational reformers, twentieth-century African and Indian social reformers, German philosophers and Christians of many traditions on every continent have found in Luther's writings stimulation and provocation for addressing modern problems. This volume offers studies of the late medieval intellectual milieus in which his thought was formed, the hermeneutical principles that guided his reading and application of the Bible, the content of his formulations of Christian teaching on specific topics, his social and ethic thought, the ways in which his contemporaries, both supporters and opponents, helped shape his ideas, the role of specific genre in developing his positions on issues of the day, and the influences he has exercised in the past and continues to exercise today in various parts of the world and the Christian church. Authors synthesize the scholarly debates and analysis of Luther's thinking and point to future areas of research and exploration of his thought.

The Catholic Church and the Nation-State

The Catholic Church and the Nation-State Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Christopher Manuel,Lawrence C. Reardon,Clyde Wilcox
Editor: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589017245
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The Catholic Church and the Nation-State by Paul Christopher Manuel,Lawrence C. Reardon,Clyde Wilcox Summary

Presenting case studies from sixteen countries on five continents, The Catholic Church and the Nation-State paints a rich portrait of a complex and paradoxical institution whose political role has varied historically and geographically. In this integrated and synthetic collection of essays, outstanding scholars from the United States and abroad examine religious, diplomatic, and political actions—both admirable and regrettable—that shape our world. Kenneth R. Himes sets the context of the book by brilliantly describing the political influence of the church in the post-Vatican II era. There are many recent instances, the contributors assert, where the Church has acted as both a moral authority and a self-interested institution: in the United States it maintained unpopular moral positions on issues such as contraception and sexuality, yet at the same time it sought to cover up its own abuses; it was complicit in genocide in Rwanda but played an important role in ending the horrific civil war in Angola; and it has alternately embraced and suppressed nationalism by acting as the voice of resistance against communism in Poland, whereas in Chile it once supported opposition to Pinochet but now aligns with rightist parties. With an in-depth exploration of the five primary challenges facing the Church—theology and politics, secularization, the transition from serving as a nationalist voice of opposition, questions of justice, and accommodation to sometimes hostile civil authorities—this book will be of interest to scholars and students in religion and politics as well as Catholic Church clergy and laity. By demonstrating how national churches vary considerably in the emphasis of their teachings and in the scope and nature of their political involvement, the analyses presented in this volume engender a deeper understanding of the role of the Roman Catholic Church in the world.

A Collection of Essays on Politics, the Bible and Culture

A Collection of Essays on Politics, the Bible and Culture Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter J Steffens
Editor: WestBow Press
ISBN: 1449757871
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A Collection of Essays on Politics, the Bible and Culture by Peter J Steffens Summary

This collection of essays was written over a span of a few months to express the author’s thoughts in print for people to think about and ponder. It’s for people interested in the social sciences such as clergy, politicians, musicians, and everyone who is interested in reading the Bible, participating in church, politics, civics, and American culture.

Religion, Society and Politics in France since 1789

Religion, Society and Politics in France since 1789 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Frank Tallett
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441106197
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Religion, Society and Politics in France since 1789 by Frank Tallett Summary

This book has been carefully planned to give a coherent account of the impact of religion in France over the last two hundred years. Most books in English dealing with the subject are now dated, and in any case concentrate on institutional questions of church-state relations rather than on the wider influence of religion throughout France. These essays summarise recent French research and provide a concise up-to-date introduction to the history of modern French Catholicism.

Church and State in American History

Church and State in American History Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Wilson,Donald Drakeman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429663684
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Church and State in American History by John Wilson,Donald Drakeman Summary

Church and State in American History illuminates the complex relationships among the political and religious authority structures of American society, and illustrates why church-state issues have remained controversial since our nation’s founding. It has been in classroom use for over 50 years. John Wilson and Donald Drakeman explore the notion of America as “One Nation Under God” by examining the ongoing debate over the relationship of church and state in the United States. Prayers and religious symbols in schools and other public spaces, school vouchers and tax support for faith-based social initiatives continue to be controversial, as are arguments among advocates of pro-choice and pro-life positions. The updated 4th edition includes selections from colonial charters, Supreme Court decisions, and federal legislation, along with contemporary commentary and incisive interpretations by modern scholars. Figures as divergent as John Winthrop, Anne Hutchinson, James Madison, John F. Kennedy, and Sandra Day O’Connor speak from these pages, as do Robert Bellah, Clarence Thomas, and Ruth Bader Ginsberg. The continuing public and scholarly interest in this field, as well as a significant evolution in the Supreme Court’s church-state jurisprudence, renders this timely re-edition as essential reading for students of law, American History, Religion, and Politics.

Community, State, and Church

Community, State, and Church Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Karl Barth
Editor: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1592449239
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Community, State, and Church by Karl Barth Summary

Karl Barth was the master theologian of our age. Whenever men in the past generation have reflected deeply on the ultimate problems of life and faith, they have done so in a way that bears the mark of the intellectual revolution let loose by this Swiss thinker. But his life was not simply one of quiet reflection and scholarship. He was obliged to do his thinking and writing in one of the stormiest periods of history, and he always attempted to speak to the problems and concerns of the time. In June 1933 he emerged as the theologian of the Confessional movement, which was attempting to preserve the integrity of the Evangelical Church in Germany against corruption from within and terror from without. His leadership in this struggle against Nazism also made it necessary for him to say something about the totalitarianism that the Soviet power was clamping down upon a large part of Europe. In this indirect way, a Barthian social philosophy emerged, and this theologian, who abjured apologetics and desired nothing but to expound the Word of God, was compelled by circumstances to propound views on society and the state that make him one of the most influential social thinkers of our time. David Haddorff is Associate Professor of Theology and Religious Studies at St. John's University, New York. He is the author of several articles and reviews, and the book: Dependence and Freedom: The Moral Thought of Horace Bushnell (1994). Table of Contents: Introduction by David Haddorff - Karl Barth's Theological Politics 1 Gospel and Law 71 Church and State 101 The Christian Community and the Civil Community 149 Bibliography 191

Essays on the Context, Nature, and Influence of Isaac Newton’s Theology

Essays on the Context, Nature, and Influence of Isaac Newton’s Theology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J.E. Force,R.H. Popkin
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400919441
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Essays on the Context, Nature, and Influence of Isaac Newton’s Theology by J.E. Force,R.H. Popkin Summary

This collection of essays is the fruit of about fifteen years of discussion and research by James Force and me. As I look back on it, our interest and concern with Newton's theological ideas began in 1975 at Washington University in St. Louis. James Force was a graduate student in philosophy and I was a professor there. For a few years before, I had been doing research and writing on Millenarianism and Messianism in the 17th and 18th centuries, touching occasionally on Newton. I had bought a copy of Newton's Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John for a few pounds and, occasionally, read in it. In the Spring of 1975 I was giving a graduate seminar on Millenarian and Messianic ideas in the development of modem philosophy. Force was in the seminar. One day he came very excitedly up to me and said he wanted to write his dissertation on William Whiston. At that point in history, the only thing that came to my mind about Whiston was that he had published a, or the, standard translation of Josephus (which I also happened to have in my library. ) Force told me about the amazing views he had found in Whiston's notes on Josephus and in some of the few writings he could find in St. Louis by, or about, Whiston, who was Newton's successor as Lucasian Professor of mathematics at Cambridge and who wrote inordinately on Millenarian theology.

Religion and Politics in the Risorgimento

Religion and Politics in the Risorgimento Pdf/ePub eBook Author: D. Raponi
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137342986
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Religion and Politics in the Risorgimento by D. Raponi Summary

This book examines Anglo-Italian political and cultural relations and analyses the importance of religion in the British 'Orientalist' perception of Italy. It puts religion at the centre of a harsh political and cultural war, one that was fought on international, diplomatic, and domestic levels.

Churches, Blackness, and Contested Multiculturalism

Churches, Blackness, and Contested Multiculturalism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: R. Smith,W. Ackah,A. Reddie
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 113738638X
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Churches, Blackness, and Contested Multiculturalism by R. Smith,W. Ackah,A. Reddie Summary

This volume assesses contemporary church responses to multicultural diversity and resisted categories of social difference, with a central focus on whether or how racial, ethnic, religious, sexual, and gender differences are validated by churches (and especially black churches) torn between competing inclusive and exclusive tendencies.

Hegel on Religion and Politics

Hegel on Religion and Politics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Angelica Nuzzo
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438445679
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Hegel on Religion and Politics by Angelica Nuzzo Summary

Critical essays on Hegel’s views concerning the relationship between religion and politics. Although scholars have written extensively on Hegel’s treatment of religion and politics separately, much less has been written about the connections between the two in his thought. Religion in Hegel’s philosophy occupies a difficult position relative to politics, existing both within the ethical and historical reality of the state and at the same time maintaining an absolute, transcendent identity. In addition, Hegel’s views on the relationship between the two were often revised and refined over time in both his written works and his lectures. His thinking on the subject, however, provides a fascinating look at an element of his practical philosophy that was as controversial in his time as it is in ours. This book highlights various approaches to this intersection in Hegel’s thought and evaluates its relevance to contemporary problems, considering issues such as religious pluralism and tolerance, conflicts between Islam and Christianity, and tensions between the secular and religious state.

Islam, the State, and Political Authority

Islam, the State, and Political Authority Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A. Afsaruddin
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137002026
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Islam, the State, and Political Authority by A. Afsaruddin Summary

The expert essays in this volume deal with critically important topics concerning Islam and politics in both the pre-modern and modern periods, such as the nature of government, the relationship between politics and theology, Shi'i conceptions of statecraft, notions of public duty, and the compatibility of Islam and democratic governance.

The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States

The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Derek H. Davis
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199716935
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The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States by Derek H. Davis Summary

Study of church and state in the United States is incredibly complex. Scholars working in this area have backgrounds in law, religious studies, history, theology, and politics, among other fields. Historically, they have focused on particular angles or dimensions of the church-state relationship, because the field is so vast. The results have mostly been monographs that focus only on narrow cross-sections of the field, and the few works that do aim to give larger perspectives are reference works of factual compendia, which offer little or no analysis. The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States fills this gap, presenting an extensive, multidimensional overview of the field. Twenty-one essays offer a scholarly look at the intricacies and past and current debates that frame the American system of church and state, within five main areas: history, law, theology/philosophy, politics, and sociology. These essays provide factual accounts, but also address issues, problems, debates, controversies, and, where appropriate, suggest resolutions. They also offer analysis of the range of interpretations of the subject offered by various American scholars. This Handbook is an invaluable resource for the study of church-state relations in the United States.

Conversational Theology

Conversational Theology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Hunsinger
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0567658198
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Conversational Theology by George Hunsinger Summary

The essays in this wide-ranging collection fall into three main sections: Ecumenical Theology, Postliberal Theology, and Political Theology. The first section deals with Torrance and Barth on the Sacraments. Hunsinger includes here an examination of Torrance's views of baptism and the eucharist, as well as Karl Barth's voice on the Lord's Supper. He also develops a post-Barthian appreciation of Jews and Judaism. In the second section Hunsinger discusses such figures as Hans W. Frei, Ernst Troeltsch and H.R. Niebuhr in terms of their contribution to Postliberal Theology. The final section offers a discussion of Political Theology, as part of which Hunsinger presents an in-depth analysis regarding the political views of Karl Barth, as well as Barth's understanding of human rights. The book ends with a meditation on André Trocmé and how goodness happened at Le Chambon.

Essays on the welfare state (reissue)

Essays on the welfare state (reissue) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Titmuss, Richard
Editor: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447349539
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Essays on the welfare state (reissue) by Titmuss, Richard Summary

Richard Titmuss (1907-1973) was a pioneer in the field of social administration (now social policy) and this reissued classic contains a selection of his most famous writing on social issues. It covers subjects ranging from the position of women in society, changes in family life, and the social effects of industrialisation, to the problems of an ageing population, pensions, social security and taxation policy, and the development of the national health service. This collection contains one of Titmuss’s most original contributions to the analysis of welfare policy – his reflections on ‘The social division of welfare’. The book stands the test of time as representative of his thinking, and as an inspiration to those who wrestle with the complex issues of our welfare state.

Secularism on the Edge

Secularism on the Edge Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Berlinerblau,S. Fainberg,A. Nou
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137380373
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Secularism on the Edge by J. Berlinerblau,S. Fainberg,A. Nou Summary

In this dynamic and wide-ranging collection of essays, prominent scholars examine the condition of church-state relations in the United States, France, and Israel. Their analyses are rooted in a wide variety of disciplines, ranging from ethnography and demography to political science, gender studies, theology, and the law.

Public Reason and Political Community

Public Reason and Political Community Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew Lister
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 1780938012
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Public Reason and Political Community by Andrew Lister Summary

Public Reason and Political Community defends the liberal ideal of public reason against its critics, but as a form of moral compromise for the sake of civic friendship rather than as a consequence of respect for persons as moral agents. At the heart of the principle of public justification is an idealized unanimity requirement, which can be framed in at least two different ways. Is it our reasons for political decisions that have to be unanimously acceptable to qualified points of view, otherwise we exclude them from deliberation, or is it coercive state action that must be unanimously acceptable, otherwise we default to not having a common rule or policy, on the issue at hand? Andrew Lister explores the 'anti-perfectionist dilemma' that results from this ambiguity. He defends the reasons model on grounds of the value of political community, and applies it to recent debates about marriage.

Religion and the Political Imagination

Religion and the Political Imagination Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ira Katznelson,Gareth Stedman Jones
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139493175
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Religion and the Political Imagination by Ira Katznelson,Gareth Stedman Jones Summary

The theory of secularisation became a virtually unchallenged truth of twentieth-century social science. First sketched out by Enlightenment philosophers, then transformed into an irreversible global process by nineteenth-century thinkers, the theory was given substance by the precipitate drop in religious practice across Western Europe in the 1960s. However, the re-emergence of acute conflicts at the interface between religion and politics has confounded such assumptions. It is clear that these ideas must be rethought. Yet, as this distinguished, international team of scholars reveal, not everything contained in the idea of secularisation was false. Analyses of developments since 1500 reveal a wide spectrum of historical processes: partial secularisation in some spheres has been accompanied by sacralisation in others. Utilising new approaches derived from history, philosophy, politics and anthropology, the essays collected in Religion and the Political Imagination offer new ways of thinking about the urgency of religious issues in the contemporary world.

Religion, Politics and Ideology in the Third Reich

Religion, Politics and Ideology in the Third Reich Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Uriel Tal
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113576414X
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Religion, Politics and Ideology in the Third Reich by Uriel Tal Summary

In a perceptive analysis of diverse source material, the essays of the late Uriel Tal in this volume uncover the dynamics of the secularization of religion, and the sacralization of politics in the Nazi era. Through a process of inversion of meaning, concepts such as race, blood, soil, state, nation and Führer were brought into the realm of faith, mission, salvation, sacredness and myth, thereby acquiring absolute significance. Within this Nazi worldview, the Jew epitomised the arch enemy, both as a symbol and as the concrete embodiment of all that Nazism sought to negate: Western civilisation, monotheism, critical rationalism and humanism.

On Liberty, Utilitarianism and Other Essays

On Liberty, Utilitarianism and Other Essays Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Stuart Mill
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191649805
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On Liberty, Utilitarianism and Other Essays by John Stuart Mill Summary

'it is only the cultivation of individuality which produces, or can produce, well developed human beings' Mill's four essays, 'On Liberty', 'Utilitarianism', 'Considerations on Representative Government', and 'The Subjection of Women' examine the most central issues that face liberal democratic regimes - whether in the nineteenth century or the twenty-first. They have formed the basis for many of the political institutions of the West since the late nineteenth century, tackling as they do the appropriate grounds for protecting individual liberty, the basic principles of ethics, the benefits and the costs of representative institutions, and the central importance of gender equality in society. These essays are central to the liberal tradition, but their interpretation and how we should understand their connection with each other are both contentious. In their introduction Mark Philp and Frederick Rosen set the essays in the context of Mill's other works, and argue that his conviction in the importance of the development of human character in its full diversity provides the core to his liberalism and to any defensible account of the value of liberalism to the modern world. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.