Finding Kluskap

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Finding Kluskap

Finding Kluskap Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271070064
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Finding Kluskap by Summary

The Mi’kmaq of eastern Canada were among the first indigenous North Americans to encounter colonial Europeans. As early as the mid-sixteenth century, they were trading with French fishers, and by the mid-seventeenth century, large numbers of Mi’kmaq had converted to Catholicism. Mi’kmaw Catholicism is perhaps best exemplified by the community’s regard for the figure of Saint Anne, the grandmother of Jesus. Every year for a week, coinciding with the saint’s feast day of July 26, Mi’kmaw peoples from communities throughout Quebec and eastern Canada gather on the small island of Potlotek, off the coast of Nova Scotia. It is, however, far from a conventional Catholic celebration. In fact, it expresses a complex relationship between the Mi’kmaq, Saint Anne, a series of eighteenth-century treaties, and a cultural hero named Kluskap. Finding Kluskap brings together years of historical research and learning among Mi’kmaw peoples on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. The author’s long-term relationship with Mi’kmaw friends and colleagues provides a unique vantage point for scholarship, one shaped not only by personal relationships but also by the cultural, intellectual, and historical situations that inform postcolonial peoples. The picture that emerges when Saint Anne, Kluskap, and the mission are considered in concert with one another is one of the sacred life as a site of adjudication for both the meaning and efficacy of religion—and the impact of modern history on contemporary indigenous religion.

Borderline Exegesis

Borderline Exegesis Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Leif E. Vaage
Editor: Penn State University Press
ISBN: 0271063874
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Borderline Exegesis by Leif E. Vaage Summary

In Borderline Exegesis, Leif Vaage presents an alternative approach to biblical interpretation, or exegesis—an approach that bends the boundaries of the traditional North American methodology to analyze the meaning of biblical texts for a wider audience. To accomplish this, Vaage engages in a practice he calls “borderline exegesis.” Adapting anthropological notions of borderlands, borderline exegesis writes biblical scholarship peripherally, unearthing the Bible’s textual and discursive borderlands and allowing biblical texts to be at play with the utopian imagination. The book’s main chapters comprise four case studies that engage in a “divergent reading” of the book of Job, the Gospel of Matthew, the Epistle of James, and the book of Revelation. Informed by the author’s time in war-torn Peru, these chapters take on themes that the poor and disenfranchised have historically claimed—themes of social justice, the legitimacy (or lack thereof) of prevailing social practices, and, most importantly, utopian demand for another possible world. The chapters are held together by the presentation of a greater theoretical framework that provides reflection on the exegetical practices within and confronts biblical scholars with important questions about the aims of the work they do. Taken as a whole, Borderline Exegesis seeks to disclose what the professional practice of textual interpretation might become if we refuse the conventional distances between academic practice and lived experience.

Relational Identities and Other-than-Human Agency in Archaeology

Relational Identities and Other-than-Human Agency in Archaeology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eleanor Harrison-Buck,Julia A. Hendon
Editor: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 1607327473
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Relational Identities and Other-than-Human Agency in Archaeology by Eleanor Harrison-Buck,Julia A. Hendon Summary

Relational Identities and Other-than-Human Agency in Archaeology explores the benefits and consequences of archaeological theorizing on and interpretation of the social agency of nonhumans as relational beings capable of producing change in the world. The volume cross-examines traditional understanding of agency and personhood, presenting a globally diverse set of case studies that cover a range of cultural, geographical, and historical contexts. Agency (the ability to act) and personhood (the reciprocal qualities of relational beings) have traditionally been strictly assigned to humans. In case studies from Ghana to Australia to the British Isles and Mesoamerica, contributors to this volume demonstrate that objects, animals, locations, and other nonhuman actors also potentially share this ontological status and are capable of instigating events and enacting change. This kind of other-than-human agency is not a one-way transaction of cause to effect but requires an appropriate form of reciprocal engagement indicative of relational personhood, which in these cases, left material traces detectable in the archaeological record. Modern dualist ontologies separating objects from subjects and the animate from the inanimate obscure our understanding of the roles that other-than-human agents played in past societies. Relational Identities and Other-than-Human Agency in Archaeology challenges this essentialist binary perspective. Contributors in this volume show that intersubjective (inherently social) ways of being are a fundamental and indispensable condition of all personhood and move the debate in posthumanist scholarship beyond the polarizing dichotomies of relational versus bounded types of persons. In this way, the book makes a significant contribution to theory and interpretation of personhood and other-than-human agency in archaeology. Contributors: Susan M. Alt, Joanna Brück, Kaitlyn Chandler, Erica Hill, Meghan C. L. Howey, Andrew Meirion Jones, Matthew Looper, Ian J. McNiven, Wendi Field Murray, Timothy R. Pauketat, Ann B. Stahl, Maria Nieves Zedeño

Understanding the Qurʾanic Miracle Stories in the Modern Age

Understanding the Qurʾanic Miracle Stories in the Modern Age Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Isra Yazicioglu
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 027107003X
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Understanding the Qurʾanic Miracle Stories in the Modern Age by Isra Yazicioglu Summary

Understanding the Qurʾanic Miracle Stories in the Modern Age explores the ways in which meaningful implications have been drawn from stories of miracles in the Qurʾan. Isra Yazicioglu describes the fascinating medieval Muslim debate over miracles and connects its insights with early and late modern turning points in Western thought and with contemporary Qurʾanic interpretation. Building on an apparent tension within the Qurʾan and analyzing crucial cases of classical and modern Muslim engagement with these miracle stories, she illustrates how an apparent site of conflict between faith and reason, or revelation and science, can lead to fruitful exchange. A distinctive contribution to a new trend in Qurʾanic studies, this volume reveals the presence of insightful Qurʾanic interpretation outside of the traditional line-by-line commentary genre, engaging with the works of Ghazali, Ibn Rushd, and Said Nursi. Scholars of Islam, philosophy, and the intersection of science and religion will especially want to engage with Yazicioglu’s study.

Kimbanguism

Kimbanguism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Aurélien Mokoko Gampiot
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271079681
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Kimbanguism by Aurélien Mokoko Gampiot Summary

In this volume, Aurélien Mokoko Gampiot, a sociologist and son of a Kimbanguist pastor, provides a fresh and insightful perspective on African Kimbanguism and its traditions. The largest of the African-initiated churches, Kimbanguism claims seventeen million followers worldwide. Like other such churches, it originated out of black African resistance to colonization in the early twentieth century and advocates reconstructing blackness by appropriating the parameters of Christian identity. Mokoko Gampiot provides a contextual history of the religion’s origins and development, compares Kimbanguism with other African-initiated churches and with earlier movements of political and spiritual liberation, and explores the implicit and explicit racial dynamics of Christian identity that inform church leaders and lay practitioners. He explains how Kimbanguists understand their own blackness as both a curse and a mission and how that underlying belief continuously spurs them to reinterpret the Bible through their own prisms. Drawing from an unprecedented investigation into Kimbanguism’s massive body of oral traditions—recorded sermons, participant observations of church services and healing sessions, and translations of hymns—and informed throughout by Mokoko Gampiot’s intimate knowledge of the customs and language of Kimbanguism, this is an unparalleled theological and sociological analysis of a unique African Christian movement.

Weaving Ourselves into the Land

Weaving Ourselves into the Land Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas C. Parkhill
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438415559
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Weaving Ourselves into the Land by Thomas C. Parkhill Summary

Examines how both negative and positive stereotypes of the "Indian" have influenced the study of Native American religions.

Glooscap, les castors et le mont Sugarloaf / Klu’skap Kopitk Aqq Sugarloaf Mountain / Glooscap, the Beavers and the Sugarloaf Mountain

Glooscap, les castors et le mont Sugarloaf / Klu’skap Kopitk Aqq Sugarloaf Mountain / Glooscap, the Beavers and the Sugarloaf Mountain Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Réjean Roy,Serena M. Sock,Allison Mitcham
Editor: Bouton d\'or Acadie Inc.
ISBN: 2896827056
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Glooscap, les castors et le mont Sugarloaf / Klu’skap Kopitk Aqq Sugarloaf Mountain / Glooscap, the Beavers and the Sugarloaf Mountain by Réjean Roy,Serena M. Sock,Allison Mitcham Summary

Album trilingue : français, mi'kmaq et anglais. Cette légende mi’kmaq, racontée dans sa langue d’origine ainsi qu’en français et en anglais, explique la formation d’une montagne au nom étrange. Des castors géants construisent un immense barrage sur la rivière Restigouche, empêchant le saumon de remonter jusqu’à un campement de Mi’kmaq. Des jeunes pêcheurs farauds veulent régler eux-mêmes la situation, mais ils échouent lamentablement. Le village demande alors au huard, le messager de Glooscap, d’appeler le Maître à son secours. Les castors échapperont-ils encore une fois au Maître ? Cette légende mi’kmaq explique la formation de certains attraits de la baie des Chaleurs.

Mi'kmaq Landscapes

Mi'kmaq Landscapes Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anne-Christine Hornborg
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317096223
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Mi'kmaq Landscapes by Anne-Christine Hornborg Summary

This book seeks to explore historical changes in the lifeworld of the Mi'kmaq Indians of Eastern Canada. The Mi'kmaq culture hero Kluskap serves as a key persona in discussing issues such as traditions, changing conceptions of land, and human-environmental relations. In order not to depict Mi'kmaq culture as timeless, two important periods in its history are examined. Within the first period, between 1850 and 1930, Hornborg explores historical evidence of the ontology, epistemology, and ethics - jointly labelled animism - that stem from a premodern Mi'kmaq hunting subsistence. New ways of discussing animism and shamanism are here richly exemplified. The second study situates the culture hero in the modern world of the 1990s, when allusions to Mi'kmaq tradition and to Kluskap played an important role in the struggle against a planned superquarry on Cape Breton. This study discusses the eco-cosmology that has been formulated by modern reserve inhabitants which could be labelled a 'sacred ecology'. Focusing on how the Mi'kmaq are rebuilding their traditions and environmental relations in interaction with modern society, Hornborg illustrates how environmental groups, pan-Indianism, and education play an important role, but so does reserve life. By anchoring their engagement in reserve life the Mi'kmaq traditionalists have, to a large extent, been able to confront both external and internal doubts about their authenticity.

Wilderness in Mythology and Religion

Wilderness in Mythology and Religion Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Laura Feldt
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1614511721
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Wilderness in Mythology and Religion by Laura Feldt Summary

Wilderness mythology is one of the most abiding creations in the history of religions, and yet it has not previously been subject to scrutiny or theorizing from a cross-cultural, “study-of-religions perspective”. This book addresses the need for cross-cultural anthropological and history of religions analyses by offering in-depth case studies of the use and functions of wilderness spaces in diverse religions. It offers new theoretical perspectives on the study of religious spatialities, cosmologies, and ideas of wild nature that challenge previous dichotomizing approaches.

Wolves and the Wolf Myth in American Literature

Wolves and the Wolf Myth in American Literature Pdf/ePub eBook Author: S.K. Robisch
Editor: University of Nevada Press
ISBN: 087417774X
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Wolves and the Wolf Myth in American Literature by S.K. Robisch Summary

The wolf is one of the most widely distributed canid species, historically ranging throughout most of the Northern Hemisphere. For millennia, it has also been one of the most pervasive images in human mythology, art, and psychology. Wolves and the Wolf Myth in American Literature examines the wolf’s importance as a figure in literature from the perspectives of both the animal’s physical reality and the ways in which writers imagine and portray it. Author S. K. Robisch examines more than two hundred texts written in North America about wolves or including them as central figures. From this foundation, he demonstrates the wolf’s role as an archetype in the collective unconscious, its importance in our national culture, and its ecological value. Robisch takes a multidisciplinary approach to his study, employing a broad range of sources: myths and legends from around the world; symbology; classic and popular literature; films; the work of scientists in a number of disciplines; human psychology; and field work conducted by himself and others. By combining the fundamentals of scientific study with close readings of wide-ranging literary texts, Robisch astutely analyzes the correlation between actual, living wolves and their representation on the page and in the human mind. He also considers the relationship between literary art and the natural world, and argues for a new approach to literary study, an ecocriticism that moves beyond anthropocentrism to examine the complicated relationship between humans and nature.

Archaeologies of Placemaking

Archaeologies of Placemaking Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Patricia E Rubertone
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131543427X
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Archaeologies of Placemaking by Patricia E Rubertone Summary

This collection of original essays explores the tensions between prevailing regional and national versions of Indigenous pasts created, reified, and disseminated through monuments, and Indigenous peoples’ memories and experiences of place. The contributors ask critical questions about historic preservation and commemoration methods used by modern societies and their impact on the perception and identity of the people they supposedly remember, who are generally not consulted in the commemoration process. They discuss dichotomies of history and memory, place and displacement, public spectacle and private engagement, and reconciliation and re-appropriation of the heritage of indigenous people shown in these monuments. While the case studies deal with North American indigenous experience—from California to Virginia, and from the Southwest to New England and the Canadian Maritime—they have implications for dealings between indigenous peoples and nation states worldwide. Sponsored by the World Archaeological Congress.

Divining the Self

Divining the Self Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Velma E. Love
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271069201
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Divining the Self by Velma E. Love Summary

Divining the Self weaves elements of personal narrative, myth, history, and interpretive analysis into a vibrant tapestry that reflects the textured, embodied, and performative nature of scripture and scripturalizing practices. Velma Love examines the Odu—the Yoruba sacred scriptures—along with the accompanying mythology, philosophy, and ritual technologies engaged by African Americans. Drawing from the personal narratives of African American Ifa practitioners along with additional ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Oyotunji African Village, South Carolina, and New York City, Love’s work explores the ways in which an ancient worldview survives in modern times. Divining the Self also takes up the challenge of determining what it means for the scholar of religion to study scripture as both text and performance. This work provides an excellent case study of the sociocultural phenomenon of scripturalizing practices.

Defying Maliseet Language Death

Defying Maliseet Language Death Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bernard C. Perley
Editor: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803266804
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Defying Maliseet Language Death by Bernard C. Perley Summary

Published through the Recovering Languages and Literacies of the Americas initiative, supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Today, indigenous communities throughout North America are grappling with the dual issues of language loss and revitalization. While many communities are making efforts to bring their traditional languages back through educational programs, for some communities these efforts are not enough or have come too late to stem the tide of language death, which occurs when there are no remaining fluent speakers and the language is no longer used in regular communication. The Maliseet language, as spoken in the Tobique First Nation of New Brunswick, Canada, is one such endangered language that will either be revitalized and survive or will die off. Defying Maliseet Language Death is an ethnographic study by Bernard C. Perley, a member of this First Nation, that examines the role of the Maliseet language and its survival in Maliseet identity processes. Perley examines what is being done to keep the Maliseet language alive, who is actively involved in these processes, and how these two factors combine to promote Maliseet language survival. He also explores questions of identity, asking the important question: “If Maliseet is no longer spoken, are we still Maliseet?” This timely volume joins the dual issues of language survival and indigenous identity to present a unique perspective on the place of language within culture.

Framing Majismo

Framing Majismo Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tara Zanardi
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271076682
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Framing Majismo by Tara Zanardi Summary

Majismo, a cultural phenomenon that embodied the popular aesthetic in Spain from the second half of the eighteenth century, served as a vehicle to “regain” Spanish heritage. As expressed in visual representations of popular types participating in traditional customs and wearing garments viewed as historically Spanish, majismo conferred on Spanish “citizens” the pictorial ideal of a shared national character. In Framing Majismo, Tara Zanardi explores nobles’ fascination with and appropriation of the practices and types associated with majismo, as well as how this connection cultivated the formation of an elite Spanish identity in the late 1700s and aided the Bourbons’ objective to fashion themselves as the legitimate rulers of Spain. In particular, the book considers artistic and literary representations of the majo and the maja, purportedly native types who embodied and performed uniquely Spanish characteristics. Such visual examples of majismo emerge as critical and contentious sites for navigating eighteenth-century conceptions of gender, national character, and noble identity. Zanardi also examines how these bodies were contrasted with those regarded as “foreign,” finding that “foreign” and “national” bodies were frequently described and depicted in similar ways. She isolates and uncovers the nuances of bodily representation, ultimately showing how the body and the emergent nation were mutually constructed at a critical historical moment for both.

Indians in Eden

Indians in Eden Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bunny McBride,Harald Prins
Editor: Down East Books
ISBN: 0892728930
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Indians in Eden by Bunny McBride,Harald Prins Summary

When the Wabanaki were moved to reservations, they proved their resourcefulness by catering to the burgeoning tourist market during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when Bar Harbor was called Eden. This engaging, richly illustrated, and meticulously researched book chronicles the intersecting lives of the Wabanaki and wealthy summer rusticators on Mount Desert Island. While the rich built sumptuous summer homes, the Wabanaki sold them Native crafts, offered guide services, and produced Indian shows.

Decolonizing Education

Decolonizing Education Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Marie Battiste
Editor: UBC Press
ISBN: 1895830893
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Decolonizing Education by Marie Battiste Summary

Drawing on treaties, international law, the work of other Indigenous scholars, and especially personal experiences, Marie Battiste documents the nature of Eurocentric models of education, and their devastating impacts on Indigenous knowledge. Chronicling the negative consequences of forced assimilation, racism inherent to colonial systems of education, and the failure of current educational policies for Aboriginal populations, Battiste proposes a new model of education, arguing the preservation of Aboriginal knowledge is an Aboriginal right. Central to this process is the repositioning of Indigenous humanities, sciences, and languages as vital fields of knowledge, revitalizing a knowledge system which incorporates both Indigenous and Eurocentric thinking.

Oral History on Trial

Oral History on Trial Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bruce Granville Miller
Editor: UBC Press
ISBN: 077482073X
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Oral History on Trial by Bruce Granville Miller Summary

This important book breaks new ground by asking how oral histories might be incorporated into existing text-based, "black letter law" court systems. Along with a compelling analysis of Aboriginal, legal, and anthropological concepts of fact and evidence, Oral History on Trial traces the long trajectory of oral history from community to court, and offers a sophisticated critique of the Crown's use of Aboriginal materials in key cases. A bold intervention in legal and anthropological scholarship, Oral History on Trial presents a powerful argument for a reconsideration of the Crown's approach to oral history.

Grounds for Review

Grounds for Review Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew Theokas
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1781386684
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Grounds for Review by Andrew Theokas Summary

Garden Festivals are more than temporary horticultural expositions. Complex and phased, these projects have additional significance as planning stratagems, reclamation projects, public art venues, and precursors of new urban parks. Their scope extends well beyond that implied by the term 'garden festival'. Typically exceeding 50 hectares, they stimulate development and steer site design through a unique merger of domestic garden culture with a large-scale urban project. A general discussion of the origins, formative elements and chronology of the generic event followed by cross-cultural reviews and analyses of numerous recent festivals and their site legacies form the core of this first comprehensive book on the subject. Recent installations have been responsive to the ascendance of open space as a critical planning element while forthcoming events now develop in the midst of a trend towards the holistic initiatives of urban landscape planning, giving them a renewed relevance for urban design. The a

Critical Perspectives on Veganism

Critical Perspectives on Veganism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jodey Castricano,Rasmus R. Simonsen
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319334190
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Critical Perspectives on Veganism by Jodey Castricano,Rasmus R. Simonsen Summary

This book examines the ethics, politics and aesthetics of veganism in contemporary culture and thought. Traditionally a lifestyle located on the margins of western culture, veganism has now been propelled into the mainstream, and as agribusiness grows animal issues are inextricably linked to environmental impact as well as to existing ethical concerns. This collection connects veganism to a range of topics including gender, sexuality, race, the law and popular culture. It explores how something as basic as one’s food choices continue to impact on the cultural, political, and philosophical discourse of the modern day, and asks whether the normalization of veganism strengthens or detracts from the radical impetus of its politics. With a Foreword by Melanie Joy and Jens Tuidor, this book analyzes the mounting prevalence of veganism as it appears in different cultural shifts and asks how veganism might be rethought and re-practised in the twenty-first century.

Immunotherapy of Melanoma

Immunotherapy of Melanoma Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anand Rotte,Madhuri Bhandaru
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319480669
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Immunotherapy of Melanoma by Anand Rotte,Madhuri Bhandaru Summary

This book focusses on the different types of immunotherapeutics that are currently being used and developed for the treatment of melanoma. In recent years, immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of metastatic melanoma and other types of cancer. Discussing treatment options for melanoma and the success of immunotherapy along with the challenges of immunotherapy, this book covers epidemiology, susceptibility genes, and treatment recommendations from Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer, as well as immune based therapies such as aldesleukin, Intron-A, Sylatron, Yervoy, Opdivo, Keytruda, Imlygic, DC vaccines and adoptive cell therapy. The detailed information included on the key immune cells involved in anti-tumor immune response and immune-inhibitory mechanisms in tumor microenvironment will aid the understanding of tumor immunology. Both academic as well as industry-based researchers, developing novel anti-cancer therapies, will also benefit from the details of promising molecular targets and immunotherapeutic strategies under investigation. With 132 illustrations including synopsis tables for important information, over 1200 references (majority of which are openly accessible) and details of more than 150 ongoing clinical trials, this book is a valuable source of information for health care providers as well as cancer biologists interested in learning about melanoma and the significant advances made by immunotherapy.