Friction by Sophia Moskalenko

Friction
  • Title : Friction
  • Author : Sophia Moskalenko
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190624922
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Terrorism is an extreme form of radicalization. In this ground-breaking and important book, Clark McCauley and Sophia Moskalenko identify and outline twelve mechanisms of political radicalization that can move individuals, groups, and the masses to increased sympathy and support for political violence. Co-authored by two psychologists both acknowledged in their field as experts in radicalization and consultants to the Department of Homeland Security and other government agencies, Friction draws on wide-ranging case histories to show striking parallels between 1800s anti-czarist terrorism, 1970s anti-war terrorism, and 21st century jihadist terrorism. Altogether, the twelve mechanisms of political radicalization demonstrate how unexceptional people are moved to exceptional violence in the conflict between states and non-state challengers. In this revised and expanded edition, McCauley and Moskalenko use the twelve mechanisms to analyze recent cases of lone-wolf terrorists and illustrate how individuals can become radicalized to jihadist violence with group influence or organizational support. Additionally, in the context of the Islamic State's worldwide efforts to radicalize moderate Muslims for jihad, they advance a model that differentiates radicalization in opinion from radicalization in action, and suggest different strategies for countering these diverse forms of radicalization. As a result, the authors conclude that the same mechanisms are at work in radicalizing both terrorists and states targeted by terrorists, implying that these conclusions are as relevant for policy-makers and security officers as they are for citizens facing the threat of terror today.


Radicalization to Terrorism by Sophia Moskalenko,Clark McCauley

Radicalization to Terrorism
  • Title : Radicalization to Terrorism
  • Author : Sophia Moskalenko,Clark McCauley
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190862599
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

"In the recent years, terrorism and radicalization have (unfortunately) become something of a regular topic in the news, in movies and TV shows, and even in dinnertime conversations. It seems like everyone knows something and has a theory or two to explain the growing number of terrorist attacks around the world. Some blame it on Muslims, some on the news media and the Internet, and some on the CIA and the U.S. government. It has become difficult to judge the quality of all this information. Thus, it makes sense to ask for credentials of the messengers"--


The Psychology of Radicalization and Terrorism by Willem Koomen,Joop Van Der Pligt

The Psychology of Radicalization and Terrorism
  • Title : The Psychology of Radicalization and Terrorism
  • Author : Willem Koomen,Joop Van Der Pligt
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 131767703X
  • Pages : 284
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Terrorism and radicalization have a long history, but in recent years their prominence has been a particularly conspicuous and influential feature of the global political landscape. This important book presents an overview of the processes involved in radicalization and terrorism, and introduces a systematic framework which captures the most crucial individual and social factors involved in determining these processes. The authors begin by considering the possible role of prejudice, economic deprivation, and discrimination, and the cognitive responses and emotions they can trigger. Such responses tend in turn to increase the importance of group membership, and promote intergroup differentiation and polarization, a process which is often accompanied by more pronounced and more extreme religious and ideological beliefs. The book also describes the role of cultural values and social climate in processes of radicalization, as well as the role of personality factors and demographics such as age and marital status. As for violent terrorist action itself, this final most radical stage is elicited by a number of group factors such as groupthink, isolation, and leadership. Certain cognitive mechanisms – for example, dehumanizing the target and attributing responsibility elsewhere – can also provide excuses for violence. The book explores why some groups turn to violence and others don’t, and it addresses processes of disengagement, deradicalization programs, and other methods used to inhibit the spread of radicalization and terrorism. The Psychology of Radicalization and Terrorism takes a unique and systematic approach to a vital topic, integrating knowledge from diverse literatures, and using social psychology as a basis for comprehending human behaviour. It will be essential reading for students and researchers from all disciplines seeking a greater understanding of terrorism and violent political conflict in all its forms.


The Violence Pendulum by Ioana Emy Matesan

The Violence Pendulum
  • Title : The Violence Pendulum
  • Author : Ioana Emy Matesan
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0197510086
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

In the mid 1990s, al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya was one of the most active terrorist groups in Egypt. By 2002, the organization renounced armed action, dismantled its military wing, and published volumes of ideological revisions. What explains such a drastic transformation? The Violence Pendulum answers this question, and provides a dynamic theoretical framework that explains why Islamist organizations move towards or away from violence. Matesan applies this theoryto four Islamist groups in Egypt and in Indonesia, tracing their evolution, and showing how specific historical junctures can be understood within a broader framework of tactical change.


Special Warfare by N.A

Special Warfare
  • Title : Special Warfare
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:


The Psychology of Counter-Terrorism by Andrew Silke

The Psychology of Counter-Terrorism
  • Title : The Psychology of Counter-Terrorism
  • Author : Andrew Silke
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1136890378
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This edited book explores how psychology can be used to improve our understanding of terrorism and counterterrorism. This work firstly aims to provide balanced and objective insight into the psychology of terrorists; what their motivations are, what keeps them involved in terrorist groups, and what eventually forces most to end their active involvement in terrorism. Secondly, the contributors focus on the challenging issue of how to respond to terrorism. These chapters provide information for those concerned with short-term tactical problems (e.g. interviewing), as well as those looking towards the more long-term strategic questions of bringing an entire terrorist campaign to an end. Ultimately, the individuals involved in terrorism require a more complex response from society than simply a quest for their apprehension. Believing inaccurate and misleading characterizations leads inevitably to damaging policies and deficient outcomes and campaigns of violence are needlessly prolonged. It is from this perspective that the concern arises with how researchers – and the policy makers guided by them – perceive the psychology of terrorists and of terrorism. This innovative book will be of great interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, security studies, psychology and politics, as well as security professionals and military colleges.


Why Not Kill Them All? by Daniel Chirot,Clark McCauley

Why Not Kill Them All?
  • Title : Why Not Kill Them All?
  • Author : Daniel Chirot,Clark McCauley
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781400834853
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Genocide, mass murder, massacres. The words themselves are chilling, evoking images of the slaughter of countless innocents. What dark impulses lurk in our minds that even today can justify the eradication of thousands and even millions of unarmed human beings caught in the crossfire of political, cultural, or ethnic hostilities? This question lies at the heart of Why Not Kill Them All? Cowritten by historical sociologist Daniel Chirot and psychologist Clark McCauley, the book goes beyond exploring the motives that have provided the psychological underpinnings for genocidal killings. It offers a historical and comparative context that adds up to a causal taxonomy of genocidal events. Rather than suggesting that such horrors are the product of abnormal or criminal minds, the authors emphasize the normality of these horrors: killing by category has occurred on every continent and in every century. But genocide is much less common than the imbalance of power that makes it possible. Throughout history human societies have developed techniques aimed at limiting intergroup violence. Incorporating ethnographic, historical, and current political evidence, this book examines the mechanisms of constraint that human societies have employed to temper partisan passions and reduce carnage. Might an understanding of these mechanisms lead the world of the twenty-first century away from mass murder? Why Not Kill Them All? makes clear that there are no simple solutions, but that progress is most likely to be made through a combination of international pressures, new institutions and laws, and education. If genocide is to become a grisly relic of the past, we must fully comprehend the complex history of violent conflict and the struggle between hatred and tolerance that is waged in the human heart. In a new preface, the authors discuss recent mass violence and reaffirm the importance of education and understanding in the prevention of future genocides.


Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond by Paul Bramadat,Lorne Dawson

Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond
  • Title : Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond
  • Author : Paul Bramadat,Lorne Dawson
  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN Code : 1442665408
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, those in London and Madrid, and the arrest of the “Toronto 18,” Canadians have changed how they think about terrorism and security. As governments respond to the potential threat of homegrown radicalism, many observers have become concerned about the impact of those security measures on the minority groups whose lives are “securitized.” In Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond, Paul Bramadat and Lorne Dawson bring together contributors from a wide range of academic disciplines to examine the challenges created by both religious radicalism and the state’s and society’s response to it. This collection takes a critical look at what is known about religious radicalization, how minorities are affected by radicalization from within and securitization from without, and how the public, media, and government are attempting to cope with the dangers of both radicalization and securitization. Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond is an ideal guide to the ongoing debates on how best to respond to radicalization without sacrificing the commitments to multiculturalism and social justice that many Canadians hold dear.


My Life is a Weapon by Christoph Reuter,Dvb Multimedia Bayern

My Life is a Weapon
  • Title : My Life is a Weapon
  • Author : Christoph Reuter,Dvb Multimedia Bayern
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780691117591
  • Pages : 200
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

What kind of people are suicide bombers? How do they justify their actions? In this meticulously researched and sensitively written book, journalist Christoph Reuter argues that popular views of these young men and women--as crazed fanatics or brainwashed automatons--fall short of the mark. In many cases these modern-day martyrs are well-educated young adults who turn themselves into human bombs willingly and eagerly--to exact revenge on a more powerful enemy, perceived as both unjust and oppressive. Suicide assassins are determined to make a difference, for once in their lives, no matter what the cost. As Reuter's many interviews with would-be martyrs, their trainers, friends, and relatives reveal, the bombers are motivated more by how they expect to be remembered--as heroic figures--than by religion-infused visions of a blissful life to come. Reuter, who spent eight years researching the book, moves from the broken survivors of the childrens' suicide brigades in the Iran-Iraq war of the 1980s, to the war-torn Lebanon of Hezbollah, to Israeli-occupied Palestinian land, and to regions as disparate as Sri Lanka, Chechnya, and Kurdistan. He tells a disturbing story of the modern globalization of suicide bombing--orchestrated, as his own investigations have helped to establish, by the shadowy Al Qaeda network and unintentionally enabled by wrong-headed policies of Western governments. In a final, hopeful chapter, Reuter points to today's postrevolutionary, post-Khomeini Iran, where a new social environment renounces the horrific practice in the very place where it was enthusiastically embraced just decades ago.


Radicalization by Farhad Khosrokhavar

Radicalization
  • Title : Radicalization
  • Author : Farhad Khosrokhavar
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781620972687
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

In the wake of the Paris, Beirut, and San Bernardino terrorist attacks, fears over "homegrown terrorism” have surfaced to a degree not seen since September 11, 2001--especially following the news that all of the perpetrators in Paris were European citizens. A sought-after commentator in France and a widely respected international scholar of radical Islam, Farhad Khosrokhavar has spent years studying the path towards radicalization, focusing particularly on the key role of prisons--based on interviews with dozens of Islamic radicals--as incubators of a particular brand of outrage that has yielded so many attacks over the past decade. Khosrokhavar argues that the root problem of radicalization is not a particular ideology but rather a set of steps that young men and women follow, steps he distills clearly in this deeply researched account, one that spans both Europe and the United States. With insights that apply equally to far-right terrorists and Islamic radicals, Khosrokhavar argues that our security-focused solutions are pruning the branches rather than attacking the roots--which lie in the breakdown of social institutions, the expansion of prisons, and the rise of joblessness, which create disaffected communities with a sharp sense of grievance against the mainstream.


How Change Happens by Duncan Green

How Change Happens
  • Title : How Change Happens
  • Author : Duncan Green
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198785399
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Human society is full of would-be "change agents," a restless mix of campaigners, lobbyists, and officials, both individuals and organizations, set on transforming the world. They want to improve public services, reform laws and regulations, guarantee human rights, get a fairer deal for those on the sharp end, achieve greater recognition for any number of issues, or simply be treated with respect. Striking then, why so many universities lack programs for social activists, to which students can turn for advice and inspiration. Instead, scholarly discussions of change are fragmented with few conversations crossing disciplinary boundaries, rarely making it onto the radar of those actively seeking change. This book bridges the gap between academia and practice, bringing together the best research from a range of academic disciplines and the evolving practical understanding of activists to explore the topic of social and political change. Drawing on many first-hand examples from the global experience of Oxfam, one of the world's largest social justice NGOs, as well as the author's insights from studying and working on international development, it tests ideas on how change happens and offers the latest thinking on what works to achieve progressive change.


The China-Pakistan Axis by Andrew Small

The China-Pakistan Axis
  • Title : The China-Pakistan Axis
  • Author : Andrew Small
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190210753
  • Pages : 319
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

China and Pakistan have been each other's only 'all-weather friend' for decades, but the relationship remains little understood. Small recounts the history of the Sino-Pakistani axis, including details on its most sensitive aspects, such as China's dealings with the Taliban and its support for Pakistan's nuclear programme. Today this relationship plays a central role in Asia's geopolitics, with ramifications for Afghanistan, India, Asia as a whole, and the West. Finally, Small discusses the dilemma China faces in maintaining its current relationship with Pakistan.


Saudi Arabia by Christopher M. Blanchard

Saudi Arabia
  • Title : Saudi Arabia
  • Author : Christopher M. Blanchard
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1437928382
  • Pages : 51
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Contents: (1) Recent Developments; (2) Background: Saudi Arabia (SA)-U.S. Relations, 1931-2001; 9/11 and its Aftermath; Recent Assessments; Terrorist Financing; (3) Congress. Interest in SA: U.S. Foreign Assist. to SA and Prohibitions; Counter-terrorism Assist.; BAE Corruption Inquiry; (4) Current Issues in U.S.-SA Relations; Mil. Cooperation: Counterterrorism; Al Qaeda; Combating Extremism; Arab-Israeli Conflict; SA-Palestinian Relations; SA Policy Priorities in Iraq; U.S.-SA Trade; U.S. Oil Imports and SA Policy; SA Boycott of Israel and WTO Membership; Human Rights, Religious Freedom, and Political Reform; Leadership and Succession; Social Reform Debates and Recent Leadership Changes; Human Rights; Religious Freedom.


Precarious Life by Judith Butler

Precarious Life
  • Title : Precarious Life
  • Author : Judith Butler
  • Publisher : Verso
  • ISBN Code : 9781844675449
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

An appraisal of post-September 11 America presents the U.S. government's decision to attack Afghanistan and Iraq as a response to loss and grief, arguing that the vulnerability being experienced in the western world is posing an opportunity to imagine a global political community without violence. Reprint.


Culture, Crisis and America's War on Terror by Stuart Croft

Culture, Crisis and America's War on Terror
  • Title : Culture, Crisis and America's War on Terror
  • Author : Stuart Croft
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 113945918X
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Since the infamous events of 9/11, the fear of terrorism and the determination to strike back against it has become a topic of enormous public debate. The 'war on terror' discourse has developed not only through American politics but via other channels including the media, the church, music, novels, films and television, and therefore permeates many aspects of American life. Stuart Croft suggests that the process of this production of knowledge has created a very particular form of common sense which shapes relationships, jokes and even forms of tattoos. Understanding how a social process of crisis can be mapped out and how that process creates assumptions allows policy-making in America's war on terror to be examined from new perspectives. Using IR approaches together with insights from cultural studies, this book develops a dynamic model of crisis which seeks to understand the war on terror as a cultural phenomenon.


Situational Action Theory: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide by Oxford University Press

Situational Action Theory: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide
  • Title : Situational Action Theory: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide
  • Author : Oxford University Press
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780199803613
  • Pages : 14
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.


El Niño by Bruno Voituriez,Guy Jacques

El Niño
  • Title : El Niño
  • Author : Bruno Voituriez,Guy Jacques
  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

El Nino, caprice of the heavens, scapegoat for every calamity? The general public cannot really understand what is behind the El Nino phenomenon. The book offers a tour of the Earth's climate to understand one of its normal but extreme components.


Expressions of Radicalization by Kristian Steiner,Andreas Önnerfors

Expressions of Radicalization
  • Title : Expressions of Radicalization
  • Author : Kristian Steiner,Andreas Önnerfors
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319655663
  • Pages : 374
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This edited collection considers whether it is possible to discern how the level of ideology is affected by radicalization. In other words: what happens in the minds of people before they decide to use political violence as means to attain their goals? Also this book asks: what has to happen in the minds of people in order to preclude them from using political violence as a way of attaining their goals? This volume unites scholars from several disciplines and perspectives from a number of different geographical, social and cultural contexts with the overarching aim to refine our understanding of what ‘radicalization’ actually implies.


Evil, Terrorism and Psychiatry by Donatella Marazziti,Stephen M. Stahl

Evil, Terrorism and Psychiatry
  • Title : Evil, Terrorism and Psychiatry
  • Author : Donatella Marazziti,Stephen M. Stahl
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1108593577
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Terrorism has dominated the domestic and international landscape since 9/11. Determining what drives people to commit acts of terrorism is no easy task. The important new book fills a gap in the psychology and psychiatry literature by examining the relationship between evil and mental illness, and in particular amongst terrorists. How can evil, a characteristic of human nature, become extreme, intent on destruction and lead to acts of terrorism? Featuring contributions from leading experts in this field, Evil, Terrorism and Psychiatry explores whether there are specific personality traits, psychological characteristics or psychopathological conditions that may favour a lack of control of violence in terrorists. It also offers possible novel prevention strategies to help understand and prevent these acts in future. Featuring articles from a special issue of CNS Spectrums, this book also includes brand new chapters found exclusively in this book.


Turning to Political Violence by Marc Sageman

Turning to Political Violence
  • Title : Turning to Political Violence
  • Author : Marc Sageman
  • Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN Code : 0812248775
  • Pages : 520
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Counterterrorism consultant Marc Sageman examines the history and theory of political violence in his comprehensive new book. Seeking patterns across numerous key case studies, Turning to Political Violence offers a paradigm-shifting perspective that yields stark new implications for how liberal democracies should respond to terrorism.


Rock Art in West Papua by Karina Arifin,Philippe Delanghe,Unesco

Rock Art in West Papua
  • Title : Rock Art in West Papua
  • Author : Karina Arifin,Philippe Delanghe,Unesco
  • Publisher : Unesco
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 291
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This book addresses for the first time four major rock art areas of West Papua: the Berau Gulf, Bitsyari Bay, Triton Bay and the Baliem Valley. Together, they form one of the richest regions of rock art and include many newly discovered sites. These sites, located along the South Coast and in the Baliem Highlands, contain thousands of paintings. This book presents, for the first time, hundreds of original photographs including hand stencils, matutuo, faces, and abstract motifs found in West Papua. It also compiles existing hypotheses on the antiquity and origins of rock art in the region and tries to offer a stimulus for further research


Overcoming Evil by Ervin Staub

Overcoming Evil
  • Title : Overcoming Evil
  • Author : Ervin Staub
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199775249
  • Pages : 600
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Overcoming Evil describes the origins of genocide, violent conflict and terrorism, principles and practices of prevention, and avenues to reconciliation. It considers societal conditions, culture and insitutions, and the psychology of individuals and groups.


The Disinformation Age by W. Lance Bennett,Steven Livingston

The Disinformation Age
  • Title : The Disinformation Age
  • Author : W. Lance Bennett,Steven Livingston
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1108843050
  • Pages : 312
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This book shows how disinformation spread by partisan organizations and media platforms undermines institutional legitimacy on which authoritative information depends.


The Consequences of Chaos by Elizabeth G. Ferris,Kemal Kirisci

The Consequences of Chaos
  • Title : The Consequences of Chaos
  • Author : Elizabeth G. Ferris,Kemal Kirisci
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9780815729518
  • Pages : 100
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

The massive dimensions of Syria's refugee crisis--and the search for solutions The civil war in Syria has forced some 10 million people--more than half the country's population--from their homes and communities, creating one of the largest human displacements since the end of World War II. Daily headlines testify to their plight, both within Syria and in the countries to which they have fled. The Consequences of Chaos looks beyond the ever-increasing numbers of Syria's uprooted to consider the long-term economic, political, and social implications of this massive movement of people. Neighboring countries hosting thousands or even millions of refugees, Western governments called upon to provide financial assistance and even new homes for the refugees, regional and international organizations struggling to cope with the demands for food and shelter--all have found the Syria crisis to be overwhelming in its challenges. And the challenges of finding solutions for those displaced by the conflict are likely to continue for years, perhaps even for decades. The Syrian displacement crisis raises fundamental questions about the relationship between action to resolve conflicts and humanitarian aid to assist the victims and demonstrates the limits of humanitarian response, even on a massive scale, to resolve political crises. The increasingly protracted nature of the crisis also raises the need for the international community to think beyond just relief assistance and adopt developmental policies to help refugees become productive members of their host communities.


Economic Liberalization and Political Violence by Francisco Gutiérrez

Economic Liberalization and Political Violence
  • Title : Economic Liberalization and Political Violence
  • Author : Francisco Gutiérrez
  • Publisher : IDRC
  • ISBN Code : 0745330630
  • Pages : 355
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

A study of workers struggles against management regimes in Britain's car industry from the Second World War to the late 1980s.


Simulacra and Simulation by Jean Baudrillard

Simulacra and Simulation
  • Title : Simulacra and Simulation
  • Author : Jean Baudrillard
  • Publisher : University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780472065219
  • Pages : 164
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

The first full-length translation in English of an essential work of postmodernist thought


Extremism, Radicalization and Security by Julian Richards

Extremism, Radicalization and Security
  • Title : Extremism, Radicalization and Security
  • Author : Julian Richards
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319552031
  • Pages : 228
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This book provides a detailed application of identity theory to contemporary questions of extremism, radicalization and security. The analysis considers how identity forms a central aspect of notions of extremism and security in Western societies, as articulated both by political leaders, the media and the government. It also takes a close and critical look at counter-extremism policy in contemporary Western society. With its detailed and empirical approach to these questions, this book is an accessible and invaluable resource for academics, practitioners, policy-makers and general readers keen to establish a deeper understanding of the key societal security threats of the day.


Psychology of Terrorism by Professor Pacific Graduate School of Psychology Consulting Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Bruce Bongar, PhD,Bruce Michael Bongar,Larry E. Beutler,Lisa M. Brown,Wm McInnes Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Clinical Psychology Larry E Beutler, PhD,Philip G. Zimbardo,Professor of Psychology and Director of Training James N Breckenridge,James N. Breckenridge

Psychology of Terrorism
  • Title : Psychology of Terrorism
  • Author : Professor Pacific Graduate School of Psychology Consulting Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Bruce Bongar, PhD,Bruce Michael Bongar,Larry E. Beutler,Lisa M. Brown,Wm McInnes Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Clinical Psychology Larry E Beutler, PhD,Philip G. Zimbardo,Professor of Psychology and Director of Training James N Breckenridge,James N. Breckenridge
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0195172493
  • Pages : 492
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Publisher description


The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism by Federal Research Division Library of Congress,Rex A. Hudson

The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism
  • Title : The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism
  • Author : Federal Research Division Library of Congress,Rex A. Hudson
  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Pub
  • ISBN Code : 9781490534879
  • Pages : 186
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

The purpose of this study is to focus attention on the types of individuals and groups that are prone to terrorism in an effort to help improve United States counterterrorist methods and policies.


Organizing Against Democracy by Antonis A. Ellinas

Organizing Against Democracy
  • Title : Organizing Against Democracy
  • Author : Antonis A. Ellinas
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1108415148
  • Pages : 281
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Using novel data, the book develops a new theory on how European far-right parties establish roots in local societies.


The Political Economy of the World Bank by Michele Alacevich

The Political Economy of the World Bank
  • Title : The Political Economy of the World Bank
  • Author : Michele Alacevich
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code : 0821376470
  • Pages : 197
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

From the Publisher: The Political Economy of the World Bank: The Early Years is a fascinating study of economic history. This text describes perhaps what is the most crucial time for development economics: the birth of the "third world," the creation of development economics as a discipline, and the establishment of the World Bank's leading role in development. Using previously unavailable archival material, Michele Alacevich takes a close look at the years during which the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development-now known as the World Bank- turned its attention from reconstruction to development, having been upstaged by the Marshall Plan. He describes the "Currie Mission" to Colombia (1949-1954), the World Bank's first general survey mission in a developing nation. With the Currie Mission as a starting point and a case study, Alacevich analyzes the complexities of the Bank's first steps toward economic and social development in poorer nations, and helps the reader understand some foundational questions about development that are still of great relevance today. The Political Economy of the World Bank: The Early Years is essential reading for anyone interested in the economic history of international development as a lens for better understanding current development issues.


Chemical Vapor Deposition by S Neralla

Chemical Vapor Deposition
  • Title : Chemical Vapor Deposition
  • Author : S Neralla
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN Code : 9535125729
  • Pages : 290
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This book provides an overview of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods and recent advances in developing novel materials for application in various fields. CVD has now evolved into the most widely used technique for growth of thin films in electronics industry. Several books on CVD methods have emerged in the past, and thus the scope of this book goes beyond providing fundamentals of the CVD process. Some of the chapters included highlight current limitations in the CVD methods and offer alternatives in developing coatings through overcoming these limitations.


Disciplining Terror by Lisa Stampnitzky

Disciplining Terror
  • Title : Disciplining Terror
  • Author : Lisa Stampnitzky
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1107026636
  • Pages : 232
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Since 9/11, we have been told that terrorists are pathological evildoers. Yet before the 1970s, hijackings, assassinations, and other acts now called 'terrorism' were considered the work of rational actors. Disciplining Terror explains how political violence became 'terrorism', and how this transformation ultimately led to the current 'war on terror'.


Combatting Jihadist Terrorism through Nation-Building by M. Joseph Sirgy,Richard J. Estes,El-Sayed El-Aswad,Don R. Rahtz

Combatting Jihadist Terrorism through Nation-Building
  • Title : Combatting Jihadist Terrorism through Nation-Building
  • Author : M. Joseph Sirgy,Richard J. Estes,El-Sayed El-Aswad,Don R. Rahtz
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3030178684
  • Pages : 173
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This book focuses on the drivers of Jihadist terrorism and explains how a better understanding of these drivers can lead to more effective counterterrorism policies all over the world. It builds on results of the extensive body of quality of life studies to document the historical, geo-political, economic, religious, cultural and media drivers of Jihadist terrorism. Guided by a major theme this book shows that the significant gains we have made in combatting Jihadist terrorism are not enough, but that we need to embrace a much broader and comprehensive view of the antecedents and the sustaining enablers of this threat to help guide any sustainable efforts. It proposes interventions designed to effectively treat the causes of this insidious disease. This book is of great interest to new media, policy makers concerned about national security as well as people and academic scholars whose research interest involves conflict and conflict resolution, religious studies, terrorism and counterterrorism, Islamic history, and Islamic geo-politics.


Violence at School by International Bureau of Education

Violence at School
  • Title : Violence at School
  • Author : International Bureau of Education
  • Publisher : Bernan Assoc
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 127
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

School violence is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide; this study deals with its impact on teaching and learning.


Rage on the Right by Lane Crothers

Rage on the Right
  • Title : Rage on the Right
  • Author : Lane Crothers
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN Code : 1538115735
  • Pages : 208
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

This book explores the diverse ways contemporary right-wing social movements have built themselves into a potent political force. Just as the 1990s militia movement drew life from deeply embedded values and myths central to American political culture and political history, so, too, do the contemporary militia and alt-right movements.


Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism by Ramon Spaaij

Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism
  • Title : Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism
  • Author : Ramon Spaaij
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9400729812
  • Pages : 119
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

What drives the lone wolf terrorist to commit mass violence? What are their ideologies and motivations? How do they plan and carry out their attacks, and who do they target? How can lone wolf terrorism be effectively countered? One of the first in-depth analyses of lone wolf terrorism, this publication sets out to answer these questions. Drawing on extensive international data and qualitative case studies, it examines the global patterns in and key features of lone wolf terrorism over the past four decades. This engaging text will be essential reading for students and researchers on terrorism and violent conflict and offers unique and invaluable insights to those working to prevent or minimize the effects of terrorism and political violence.


Practical Terrorism Prevention by Brian A. Jackson,Katherine Costello

Practical Terrorism Prevention
  • Title : Practical Terrorism Prevention
  • Author : Brian A. Jackson,Katherine Costello
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781977401885
  • Pages : 44
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Researchers examined past U.S. countering violent extremism and terrorism prevention efforts and explored options to strengthen them. This document summarizes findings from the main report.


New Realities in Foreign Affairs by Volker Stanzel

New Realities in Foreign Affairs
  • Title : New Realities in Foreign Affairs
  • Author : Volker Stanzel
  • Publisher : Nomos Verlag
  • ISBN Code : 3845299509
  • Pages : 127
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

Moderne Diplomatie wirkt heute in viele Bereiche des modernen Lebens hinein. Sie ist zugleich selbst neuen Einflüssen ausgesetzt. Faktoren, die unsere Gesellschaften verändern, verändern auch unser Regierungshandeln, auch in der Außenpolitik, seien es Digitalisierung, emotionalisierte Sensibilitäten unserer Öffentlichkeiten oder nicht-staatliche internationale Akteure. Derartige Entwicklungen müssen von der Diplomatie aufgenommen werden, damit sie weiter als Instrument einer Regierung funktionieren kann. Regierungen sollten Wege finden, zwischen den neuen Bedürfnissen der Gesellschaft und den Notwendigkeiten legitimen Regierungshandelns zu vermitteln. Das Ziel sollte sein, als souveräner Staat handeln zu können und zugleich das Potential der tiefgreifenden gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen zu nutzen. Mit Beiträgen von Volker Stanzel, Sascha Lohmann, Andrew Cooper, Christer Jönsson, Corneliu Bjola, Emillie V. de Keulenaar, Jan Melissen, Karsten D. Voigt, Kim B. Olsen, Hanns W. Maull und R. S. Zaharna


There is a Crack in Everything—Education and Religion in a Secular Age by K. H. (Ina) ter Avest

There is a Crack in Everything—Education and Religion in a Secular Age
  • Title : There is a Crack in Everything—Education and Religion in a Secular Age
  • Author : K. H. (Ina) ter Avest
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • ISBN Code : 303921277X
  • Pages : 266
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

There are two constants in academic and theological discourse throughout history, they are the debate around secularization and the dialogue concerning the intersection of religion and education. Each age has had its debate about modernizing forces that drive concerns of impending secularization. In this publication this theme is approached from perspectives of teachers, of students, of policy makers and situated in a politico-historical context. Aware of the fact that in today’s plural societies one sacred canopy is non-existent anymore, cracks of the sacred canopy/canopies are described, as well as ‘the light that gets in’, the possible and challenging ways out are roughly sketched.