Genetics Health And Society

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Genetics, Health, and Society

Genetics, Health, and Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1783505680
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Genetics, Health, and Society by Summary

This volume focuses on critical issues surrounding the intersection of genetics, health, and society. It provides a critical examination of sociological and biomedical approaches to genomics, including strengths and limitations of each perspective.

CyberGenetics

CyberGenetics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anna Harris,Susan Kelly,Sally Wyatt
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317368185
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CyberGenetics by Anna Harris,Susan Kelly,Sally Wyatt Summary

Online genetic testing services are increasingly being offered to consumers who are becoming exposed to, and knowledgeable about, new kinds of genetic technologies, as the launch of a 23andme genetic testing product in the UK testifies. Genetic research breakthroughs, cheek swabbing forensic pathologists and celebrities discovering their ancestral roots are littered throughout the North American, European and Australasian media landscapes. Genetic testing is now capturing the attention, and imagination, of hundreds of thousands of people who can not only buy genetic tests online, but can also go online to find relatives, share their results with strangers, sign up for personal DNA-based musical scores, and take part in research. This book critically examines this market of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing from a social science perspective, asking, what happens when genetics goes online? With a focus on genetic testing for disease, the book is about the new social arrangements which emerge when a traditionally clinical practice (genetic testing) is taken into new spaces (the internet). It examines the intersections of new genetics and new media by drawing from three different fields: internet studies; the sociology of health; and science and technology studies. While there has been a surge of research activity concerning DTC genetic testing, particularly in sociology, ethics and law, this is the first scholarly monograph on the topic, and the first book which brings together the social study of genetics and the social study of digital technologies. This book thus not only offers a new overview of this field, but also offers a unique contribution by attending to the digital, and by drawing upon empirical examples from our own research of DTC genetic testing websites (using online methods) and in-depth interviews in the United Kingdom with people using healthcare services.

Human Genes and Genomes

Human Genes and Genomes Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Leon E. Rosenberg,Diane Drobnis Rosenberg
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123852137
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Human Genes and Genomes by Leon E. Rosenberg,Diane Drobnis Rosenberg Summary

In the nearly 60 years since Watson and Crick proposed the double helical structure of DNA, the molecule of heredity, waves of discoveries have made genetics the most thrilling field in the sciences. The study of genes and genomics today explores all aspects of the life with relevance in the lab, in the doctor’s office, in the courtroom and even in social relationships. In this helpful guidebook, one of the most respected and accomplished human geneticists of our time communicates the importance of genes and genomics studies in all aspects of life. With the use of core concepts and the integration of extensive references, this book provides students and professionals alike with the most in-depth view of the current state of the science and its relevance across disciplines. Bridges the gap between basic human genetic understanding and one of the most promising avenues for advances in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. Includes the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, predicting disease susceptibility, pharmacogenomics and more Explores ethical, legal, regulatory and economic aspects of genomics in medicine. Integrates historical (classical) genetics approach with the latest discoveries in structural and functional genomics

Routledge Handbook of Genomics, Health and Society

Routledge Handbook of Genomics, Health and Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sahra Gibbon,Barbara Prainsack,Stephen Hilgartner,Janelle Lamoreaux
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1315451670
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Routledge Handbook of Genomics, Health and Society by Sahra Gibbon,Barbara Prainsack,Stephen Hilgartner,Janelle Lamoreaux Summary

The Handbook provides an essential resource at the interface of Genomics, Health and Society, and forms a crucial research tool for both new students and established scholars across biomedicine and social sciences. Building from and extending the first Routledge Handbook of Genetics and Society, the book offers a comprehensive introduction to pivotal themes within the field, an overview of the current state of the art knowledge on genomics, science and society, and an outline of emerging areas of research. Key themes addressed include the way genomic based DNA technologies have become incorporated into diverse arenas of clinical practice and research whilst also extending beyond the clinic; the role of genomics in contemporary ‘bioeconomies’; how challenges in the governance of medical genomics can both reconfigure and stabilise regulatory processes and jurisdictional boundaries; how questions of diversity and justice are situated across different national and transnational terrains of genomic research; and how genomics informs – and is shaped by – developments in fields such as epigenetics, synthetic biology, stem cell, microbial and animal model research. Presenting cutting edge research from leading social science scholars, the Handbook provides a unique and important contribution to the field. It brings a rich and varied cross disciplinary social science perspective that engages with both the history and contemporary context of genomics and ‘post-genomics’, and considers the now global and transnational terrain in which these developments are unfolding.

Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Genomic and Personalized Medicine Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123822289
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Genomic and Personalized Medicine by Summary

Genomic and Personalized Medicine, Second Edition — winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — is a major discussion of the structure, history, and applications of the field, as it emerges from the campus and lab into clinical action. As with the first edition, leading experts review the development of the new science, the current opportunities for genome-based analysis in healthcare, and the potential of genomic medicine in future healthcare. The inclusion of the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, disease susceptability, and pharmacogenomics makes this work an ideal companion for the many stakeholders of genomic and personalized medicine. With advancing knowledge of the genome across and outside protein-coding regions of DNA, new comprehension of genomic variation and frequencies across populations, the elucidation of advanced strategic approaches to genomic study, and above all in the elaboration of next-generation sequencing, genomic medicine has begun to achieve the much-vaunted transformative health outcomes of the Human Genome Project, almost a decade after its official completion in April 2003. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine More than 100 chapters, from leading researchers, review the many impacts of genomic discoveries in clinical action, including 63 chapters new to this edition Discusses state-of-the-art genome technologies, including population screening, novel diagnostics, and gene-based therapeutics Wide and inclusive discussion encompasses the formidable ethical, legal, regulatory and social challenges related to the evolving practice of genomic medicine Clearly and beautifully illustrated with 280 color figures, and many thousands of references for further reading and deeper analysis

Diffusion and Use of Genomic Innovations in Health and Medicine

Diffusion and Use of Genomic Innovations in Health and Medicine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309178312
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Diffusion and Use of Genomic Innovations in Health and Medicine by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health Summary

Until fairly recently, genetic information was used primarily in the diagnosis of relatively rare genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and Huntington's Disease, but a transformation in the use of genetic and genomic information is underway. While many predictions have been made that genomics will transform medicine, to date few of these promising discoveries have resulted in actual applications in medicine and health. The Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health, established in 2007, held its first workshop to address the following questions: 1. Are there different pathways by which new scientific findings move from the research setting into health care? 2. If so, what are the implications of those different pathways for genomics? 3. What can we learn from the translation of other new technologies as we seek to understand the translation of genome science into health care? Information obtained from the workshop was then used to further discussion and exploration of the answers to these questions. This book summarizes speaker presentations and discussions. Any conclusions reported should not be construed as reflecting a group consensus; rather they are the statements and opinions of presenters and participants.

Encyclopedia of Family Health

Encyclopedia of Family Health Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martha Craft-Rosenberg,Shelley-Rae Pehler
Editor: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506338232
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Encyclopedia of Family Health by Martha Craft-Rosenberg,Shelley-Rae Pehler Summary

Request a FREE 30-day online trial to this title at www.sagepub.com/freetrial What is unique about the process in the discussion of healthcare and interventions to use when working with families? What assessment tools provide guidance for healthcare providers as they determine interventions for families in their care? What are the changing dimensions of contemporary family life, and what impact do those dimensions have on health promotion for families? How is family healthcare changing in terms of practices, delivery systems, costs and insurance coverage? Students are able to explore these questions and more in the Encyclopedia of Family Health. Approximately 350 signed articles written by experts from such varied fields as health and nursing, social and behavioral sciences, and policy provide authoritative, cross-disciplinary coverage. Entries examine theory, research and policy as they relate to family practice in a manner that is accessible and jargon-free. From 'Adolescent Suicide' and 'Alternative Therapies' to 'Visitation during Hospitalization' and 'Weight Problems and Genetics', this work provides coverage of a variety of issues within a family context. The Encyclopedia of Family Health provides a comprehensive summary of theory, research, practice, and policy on family health and wellness promotion for students and researchers.

Nutrition and Genomics

Nutrition and Genomics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Castle,Nola Ries
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920825
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Nutrition and Genomics by David Castle,Nola Ries Summary

Nutrigenomics is the rapidly developing field of science that studies nutrient-gene interaction. This field has broad implications for understanding the interaction of human genomics and nutrition, but can also have very specific implications for individual dietary recommendations in light of personal genetics. Predicted applications for nutrigenomics include genomics-based dietary guidelines and personalized nutrition based on individual genetic tests. These developments have sweeping ethical, legal and regulatory implications for individuals, corporations and governments. This book brings together experts in ethics, law, regulatory analysis, and communication studies to identify and address relevant issues in the emerging field of nutritional genomics. Contributing authors are experts in the social aspects of biotechnology innovation, with expertise in nutrigenomics. From addressing the concern that nutrigenomics will transform food into medicine and undermine pleasures associated with eating to the latest in the science of nutrigenomics, this book provides a world-wide perspective on the potential impact of nutrigenomics on our association with food. *Explores the rapidly developing, yet not fully understood, impact of nutrigenomics on the relationship to food medicalization, genetic privacy, nutrition and health. *Provides ground for further exploration to identify issues and provide analysis to aid in policy and regulation development *Provides ethical and legal insights into this unfolding science, as well as serving as a model for thinking about issues arising in other fields of science and technology

Quality Issues in Clinical Genetic Services

Quality Issues in Clinical Genetic Services Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ulf Kristoffersson,Jörg Schmidtke,J. J. Cassiman
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048139198
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Quality Issues in Clinical Genetic Services by Ulf Kristoffersson,Jörg Schmidtke,J. J. Cassiman Summary

Initially genetic disorders were all considered as rare diseases. At present, in the mid of 2009, the OMIM catalogue contains information on more than 12 000 entries of which about 2500 are available for clinical testing based on the identification of the responsible gene defect. However, altogether it has been estimated that about 8 percent of a population in the economically developed countries will during their lifetime suffer from a disease mainly as the result of their genetic constitution. Adding to that, it is estimated that all diseases have a genetic component, which will determine who will be at a higher than average risk for a certain disorder. Further it is postulated that in the near future, this genetic profiling could become useful in selecting an appropriate therapy adapted to the genetic constitution of the person. Thus, genetic disorders are not rare. Measuring quality of health care related processes became an issue in the 1990s, mainly in laboratory medicine, but also for hospitals and other health care systems. In many countries national authorities started to implement recommendations, guidelines or legal procedures regulating quality of health care delivery. In laboratory medicine, in parallel, the use of accreditation as a method assuring high quality standards in testing came in use. With the increasing possibilities of performing molecular genetic testing, genetic laboratories needed to become involved in this process. As many genetic disorders are rare, most laboratories worldwide offered analysis for a specific set of disorders, and, therefore, very early on a transborder flow of samples occurred. While international quality criteria (ISO) have been in existence for a number of years, the regulation of quality issues still may differ between countries. Based on their personal experience in the varying fields of quality research and clinical implementation of quality criteria in genetic services the authors of this book share their experience and give examples of the implementation of quality issues in national quality systems worldwide. This book, which is the result of the effort of many persons, is destined to aid laboratory managers and counsellors, health care managers and other stakeholders in national or international health care service to improve the services to the benefit of patients with suspected genetic disorders.

Public Health Genomics

Public Health Genomics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Claudia N. Mikail
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470454415
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Public Health Genomics by Claudia N. Mikail Summary

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has recognized genomics as a priority area in public health education. To help public health students and professionals achieve proficiency in the language of genetics and attain genomics competencies delineated by the CDC, this book offers an introduction to basic molecular genetics and discusses the relevance of genomics to such key public health issues as environmental health, ethnic health disparities, health policy and law, research ethics, maternal and child health, clinical preventive medicine, health behavior, health economics, and communicable disease control. Presented in a context that is easy to understand, the book serves as an accessible portal of entry into the world of public health genomics.

Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing

Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,National Cancer Policy Forum,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health,Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309186469
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Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing by National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,National Cancer Policy Forum,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health,Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law Summary

Today, scores of companies, primarily in the United States and Europe, are offering whole genome scanning services directly to the public. The proliferation of these companies and the services they offer demonstrate a public appetite for this information and where the future of genetics may be headed; they also demonstrate the need for serious discussion about the regulatory environment, patient privacy, and other policy implications of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing. Rapid advances in genetic research already have begun to transform clinical practice and our understanding of disease progression. Existing research has revealed a genetic basis or component for numerous diseases, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, heart disease, and several forms of cancer. The availability of the human genome sequence and the HapMap, plummeting costs of high-throughput screening, and increasingly sophisticated computational analyses have led to an explosion of discoveries of linkages between patterns of genetic variation and disease susceptibility. While this research is by no means a straight path toward better public health, improved knowledge of the genetic linkages has the potential to change fundamentally the way health professionals and public health practitioners approach the prevention and treatment of disease. Realizing this potential will require greater sophistication in the interpretation of genetic tests, new training for physicians and other diagnosticians, and new approaches to communicating findings to the public. As this rapidly growing field matures, all of these questions require attention from a variety of perspectives. To discuss some of the foregoing issues, several units of the National Academies held a workshop on August 31 and September 1, 2009, to bring together a still-developing community of professionals from a variety of relevant disciplines, to educate the public and policy-makers about this emerging field, and to identify issues for future study. The meeting featured several invited presentations and discussions on the many technical, legal, policy, and ethical questions that such DTC testing raises, including: (1) overview of the current state of knowledge and the future research trajectory; (2) shared genes and emerging issues in privacy; (3) the regulatory framework; and (4) education of the public and the medical community.

Routledge Handbook of Medical Law and Ethics

Routledge Handbook of Medical Law and Ethics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yann Joly,Bartha Maria Knoppers
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134448724
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Routledge Handbook of Medical Law and Ethics by Yann Joly,Bartha Maria Knoppers Summary

This book explores the scope, application and role of medical law, regulatory norms and ethics, and addresses key challenges introduced by contemporary advances in biomedical research and healthcare. While mindful of national developments, the handbook supports a global perspective in its approach to medical law. Contributors include leading scholars in both medical law and ethics, who have developed specially commissioned pieces in order to present a critical overview and analysis of the current state of medical law and ethics. Each chapter offers comprehensive coverage of longstanding and traditional topics in medical law and ethics, and provides dynamic insights into contemporary and emerging issues in this heavily debated field. Topics covered include: Bioethics, health and human rights Medical liability Law and emerging health technologies Public health law Personalized medicine The law and ethics of access to medicines in developing countries Medical research in the genome era Emerging legal and ethical issues in reproductive technologies This advanced level reference work will prove invaluable to legal practitioners, scholars, students and researchers in the disciplines of law, medicine, genetics, dentistry, theology, and medical ethics.

Health Promotion

Health Promotion Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robin Bunton,Gordon MacDonald,Gordon Macdonald
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134563531
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Health Promotion by Robin Bunton,Gordon MacDonald,Gordon Macdonald Summary

Health promotion is an increasingly central tenet in health professionals' lives. It has come into the public eye as the subject of party politics and policy, but where does the movement come from? This book brings together views from a range of subjects, some not always associated with health promotion, such as marketing or communication theory. Others, such as social policy of psychology may have obvious connections to make; here the implications for practice are discussed fully for the first time. The volume adds up to a timely reflection on the state of health promotion today and will provide practitioners and academics alike with a clearer undersanding of a discipline at the frontier of contemporary policy and practice.

Risky Genes

Risky Genes Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jessica Mozersky
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136240667
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Risky Genes by Jessica Mozersky Summary

Ashkenazi Jews have the highest known population risk of carrying specific mutations in the high-risk breast cancer genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2. So what does it mean to be told you have an increased risk of genetic breast cancer because you are of Ashkenazi Jewish origin? In a time of ever-increasing knowledge about variations in genetic disease risk among different populations, there is a pressing need for research regarding the implications of such information for members of high-risk populations. Risky Genes provides first-hand intimate descriptions of women’s experiences of being Jewish and of being at increased risk of genetic breast cancer. It explores the impact this knowledge has on their identity and understanding of belonging to a collective. Using qualitative data from high-risk Ashkenazi women in the UK, this book elucidates the importance of biological discourses in forging Jewish self-identity and reveals the complex ways in which biological and social understandings of Jewish belonging intersect. In Risky Genes, Jessica Mozersky reflects upon and offers new insight into the ongoing debates regarding the implications of genetic research for populations, and of new genetic knowledge for individual and collective identity. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, anthropology, Jewish studies, medical genetics, medical ethics, religious studies, and race and ethnic studies.

Issues in Genetic Medicine: 2011 Edition

Issues in Genetic Medicine: 2011 Edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464963789
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Issues in Genetic Medicine: 2011 Edition by Summary

Issues in Genetic Medicine / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Genetic Medicine. The editors have built Issues in Genetic Medicine: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Genetic Medicine in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Genetic Medicine: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Handbook of Research on Advising and Developing the Pre-Health Professional Student

Handbook of Research on Advising and Developing the Pre-Health Professional Student Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Schwartz, Lisa S.,Ganjoo, Rohini
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1799896196
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Handbook of Research on Advising and Developing the Pre-Health Professional Student by Schwartz, Lisa S.,Ganjoo, Rohini Summary

Despite significant demand for healthcare professionals in the workforce, admission to health professional graduate programs is highly competitive with less than half of all medical school applicants gaining admission annually. The application process is nuanced, complex, and costly, which can often be a significant barrier to otherwise highly qualified students, particularly those from backgrounds underrepresented in the healthcare workforce. Further understanding of the best practices in navigating the application processes, academia, and professional development is crucial for those advising pre-health students. The Handbook of Research on Advising and Developing the Pre-Health Professional Student considers current practices and research regarding academic and extracurricular preparation of undergraduate students who wish to enter health professions and offers new pre-health professional advisors as well as more seasoned advisors and other administrators a resource to assist them in their professional journey. Covering a range of topics such as advisor relationships and lifelong learning skills, this major reference work is ideal for advisors, healthcare professionals, academicians, researchers, practitioners, scholars, instructors, and students.

Implementing and Evaluating Genomic Screening Programs in Health Care Systems

Implementing and Evaluating Genomic Screening Programs in Health Care Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309473446
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Implementing and Evaluating Genomic Screening Programs in Health Care Systems by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health Summary

Genomic applications are being integrated into a broad range of clinical and research activities at health care systems across the United States. This trend can be attributed to a variety of factors, including the declining cost of genome sequencing and the potential for improving health outcomes and cutting the costs of care. The goals of these genomics-based programs may be to identify individuals with clinically actionable variants as a way of preventing disease, providing diagnoses for patients with rare diseases, and advancing research on genetic contributions to health and disease. Of particular interest are genomics- based screening programs, which will, in this publication, be clinical screening programs that examine genes or variants in unselected populations in order to identify individuals who are at an increased risk for a particular health concern (e.g., diseases, adverse drug outcomes) and who might benefit from clinical interventions. On November 1, 2017, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop to explore the challenges and opportunities associated with integrating genomics-based screening programs into health care systems. This workshop was developed as a way to explore the challenges and opportunities associated with integrating genomics-based programs in health care systems in the areas of evidence collection, sustainability, data sharing, infrastructure, and equity of access. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

An Introduction to Ethical, Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology

An Introduction to Ethical, Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Padma Nambisan
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128092513
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An Introduction to Ethical, Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology by Padma Nambisan Summary

An Introduction to Ethical, Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the biggest technologies that have revolutionized biology since the early 20th century, also discussing their impact on society. The book focuses on issues related to bioethics, biosafety and intellectual property rights, and is written in an easy-to-understand manner for graduate students and early career researchers interested in the opportunities and challenges associated with advances in biotechnology. Important topics covered include the Human Genome Project, human cloning, rDNA technology, the 3Rs and animal welfare, bioterrorism, human rights and genetic discrimination, good laboratory practices, good manufacturing practices, the protection of biological material and much more. Full of relevant case studies, practical examples, weblinks and resources for further reading, this book offers an essential and holistic look at the ways in which biotechnology has affected our global society. Provides a comprehensive look at the ethical, legal and social implications of biotechnology Discusses the global efforts made to resolve issues Incorporates numerous case studies to more clearly convey concepts and chart the development of guidelines and legislation regulating issues in biotechnology Takes a straightforward approach to highlight and discuss both the benefits and risks associated with the latest biotechnologies

Annual Review of Nursing Research, Volume 29

Annual Review of Nursing Research, Volume 29 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ginette A. Pepper, PhD, RN, FAAN,Kenneth J. Wysocki, PhD, RN, FNP-BC, FAANP
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826157556
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Annual Review of Nursing Research, Volume 29 by Ginette A. Pepper, PhD, RN, FAAN,Kenneth J. Wysocki, PhD, RN, FNP-BC, FAANP Summary

This landmark annual review has provided three decades of knowledge, insight, and research on topics critical to the continued advancement of the nursing profession. This latest edition is a compilation of the most significant nursing research in genetics and genomics. Articles have been carefully selected by the editors, highly respected scholars and researchers in the field of genetics, to bring together current research that has particular relevance for translation into a clinical setting or expansion into other research areas. The review provides authoritative information of the highest caliber not only to researchers, but also to clinicians and undergraduate and graduate nursing students. Key Topics: The current status of genomic molecular science Ethical, legal, and social issues in genomics Genetics of diseases and symptoms Genomics across the lifespan

Handbook for Public Health Social Work

Handbook for Public Health Social Work Pdf/ePub eBook Author: The Social Work Section Of The American Public Health Association
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826107435
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Handbook for Public Health Social Work by The Social Work Section Of The American Public Health Association Summary

Public health social work is an interdisciplinary, epidemiologically oriented approach to improving human health and well-being. About one quarter of all social workers in the United States currently work in medical or public health settings, a number that is expected to increase significantly in coming years. This handbook, written and edited by respected leaders of the Social Work Section of the American Public Health Association (APHA), describes the rapidly expanding roles of public health social workers as these two disciplines continue to join forces. The handbook describes how the alliance of social work and public health has already made significant progress and ways in which it will further improve health care in the United States. It addresses job opportunities for public health social workers in such fields as disease prevention, health promotion, child welfare, gerontology, disaster response, trauma intervention, substance abuse, outreach services, and advocacy. It also covers public health social work with special populations and in neighborhood, rural, and global settings. Key Features: Authored by highly respected APHA Social Work members Describes the ways in which the alliance of social work and public health is improving health care Highlights key settings and job opportunities for public health social workers Addresses public health social work with special populations and its relationship to such medical topics as chronic conditions, HIV/AIDS, disabilities, and more

Genetic Privacy

Genetic Privacy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Terry Sheung-Hung Kaan,Calvin Wai-Loon Ho
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783263075
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Genetic Privacy by Terry Sheung-Hung Kaan,Calvin Wai-Loon Ho Summary

Privacy is an unwieldy concept that has eluded an essentialised definition despite its centrality and importance in the body of bioethics. The compilation presented in this volume represents continuing discussions on the theme of privacy in the context of genetic information. It is intended to present a wide range of expert opinion in which the notion of privacy is examined from many perspectives, in different contexts and imperatives, and in different societies, with the hope of advancing an understanding of privacy through the examination and critique of some of its evolving component concepts such as notions of what constitute the personal, the context of privacy, the significance and impact of the relational interests of others who may share the same genetic inheritance, and mechanisms for the protection of privacy (as well as of their limitations), among others. More specifically, the discussions in this volume encourages us to think broadly about privacy, as encompassing values that are entailed in the sociality of context and of relations, and also as freedom from illegitimate and excessive surveillance. A long-standing question that continues to challenge us is whether genetic information should be regarded as exceptional, as it is often perceived. A conclusion that could be derived from this volume is that while genetic information may be significant, it is not exceptionally so. The work presented in this volume underlines the continuing and growing relevance of notions of privacy to genomic science, and the need to take ownership of a genetic privacy for the future through broad, rigorous and open discussion. Contributors: Alastair V Campbell, Benjamin Capps, Jacqueline JL Chin, Oi Lian Kon, Kenji Matsui, Thomas H Murray, Nazirudin Mohd Nasir, Dianne Nicol, Anh Tuan Nuyen, Onora O'Neill, Margaret Otlowski, Yvette van der Eijk, Chunshui Wang, Ross S White. Contents:The Notion of Genetic Privacy (Calvin WL Ho and Terry SH Kaan)Can Data Protection Secure Personal Privacy? (Onora O'Neill)Navigating the Privacy Complex of Self, Other and Relationality (Calvin WL Ho)Privacy and Biomedical Research: A Role-based Approach (Anh Tuan Nuyen)Socio-political Discourses on Genetic Privacy in Japan (Kenji Matsui)Genetic Privacy: A Challenge to Genetic Testing in China (Chunshui Wang)Don't Ask, Don't Tell: Exploring the Limits of Genetic Privacy in Singapore (Terry SH Kaan)Privacy, Rights and Biomedical Data Collections (Benjamin Capps)Individual Right vs. Public Interest: The Role of the Islamic Religious Council of Singapore in Bioethics Consultation on Genetic Privacy (Nazirudin M Nasir)What — If Anything — Is Special about “Genetic Privacy”? (Jacqueline JL Chin and Alastair V Campbell)Genetic Privacy in the United States: Genetic Exceptionalism, GINA, and the Future of Genetic Testing (Thomas H Murray and Ross S White)The Regulatory Framework for Protection of Genetic Privacy in Australia (Margaret Otlowski and Diane Nicol)Privacy Matters in Nicotine Addiction (Yvette van der Eijk)Human Genomics and Privacy (Oi Lian Kon) Readership: Students and professionals in medical law and medical ethics, public policy, Asian studies and public health. Keywords:Bioethics;Biotechnology;Genetics;Policy;Public;Trust;Regulation of Research;Singapore;Privacy

DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer

DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vincent T. DeVita,Steven A. Rosenberg,Theodore S. Lawrence
Editor: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 149639464X
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DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer by Vincent T. DeVita,Steven A. Rosenberg,Theodore S. Lawrence Summary

Publisher's Note: Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Now updated online for the life of the edition, DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 11th Edition keeps you up to date in this fast-changing field. Every quarter, your eBook will be updated with late-breaking developments in oncology, including new drugs, clinical trials, and more.

Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology Primer of Molecular Biology in Cancer

Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology Primer of Molecular Biology in Cancer Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vincent T. DeVita,Theodore S. Lawrence,Steven A. Rosenberg
Editor: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1975149130
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Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology Primer of Molecular Biology in Cancer by Vincent T. DeVita,Theodore S. Lawrence,Steven A. Rosenberg Summary

Recent scientific advances have revolutionized cancer research and practice, creating a body of molecular biology information that is important to research scientists and clinical oncologists alike. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology: Primer of the Molecular Biology of Cancer, 3rd Edition, keeps you up to date with all that’s new in this rapidly changing field. Derived from DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg’s Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology – widely regarded as the definitive clinical reference in oncology – the third edition of this popular Primer provides a single-volume, highly focused reference on every important frontier in the molecular biology of cancer.

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mukesh Verma,Debmalya Barh
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128095024
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Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine by Mukesh Verma,Debmalya Barh Summary

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine presents an insightful overview to the myriad factors of personalized and precision medicine. The availability of the human genome, large amounts of data on individual genetic variations, environmental interactions, influence of lifestyle, and cutting-edge tools and technologies for big-data analysis have led to the age of personalized and precision medicine. Bringing together a global range of experts on precision medicine, this book collects previously scattered information into one concise volume which covers the most important developments so far in precision medicine and also suggests the most likely avenues for future development. The book includes clinical information, informatics, public policy implications, and information on case studies. It is a useful reference and background work for students, researchers, and clinicians working in the biomedical and medical fields, as well as policymakers in the health sciences. Provides an overview of the growing field of precision medicine Contains chapters from geographically diverse experts in their field Explores important aspects of precision medicine, including applications, ethics, and development

Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law

Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Josef Drexl,Nari Lee
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857932462
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Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law by Josef Drexl,Nari Lee Summary

Public health, safety and access to reasonably priced medicine are common policy goals of pharmaceutical regulations. As both the context for innovation and competitive structure change, industry actors dynamically challenge the balance between the incentive for protection and the achievement of those policy goals. Considering the arguments from the perspectives of innovation, competition law and patent law, this book explores the difficult question of balancing protection with access, highlighting the difficulties in harmonization and coordination. The contributors to this book, including academics, judges and practitioners from Europe, the US and Japan, explore to what extent patent strategies and life-cycle management practices take advantage of patent laws and health-care regulation and disrupt the necessary balance between incentives for innovation and access to affordable medicine and health care. Addressing fundamental questions in the field of pharmaceutical innovation, this book will appeal to scholars and practitioners in intellectual property, competition law and life sciences regulation, as well as pharmaceutical companies and regulators.

Cancer Principles and Practice of Oncology: Handbook of Clinical Cancer Genetics

Cancer Principles and Practice of Oncology: Handbook of Clinical Cancer Genetics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ellen Matloff
Editor: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1469833883
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Cancer Principles and Practice of Oncology: Handbook of Clinical Cancer Genetics by Ellen Matloff Summary

This practical, user-friendly guidebook will allow the clinician to search under disease site for the hereditary cancer syndromes relevant for his/her patient's cancer. For example, a gynecologist oncologist whose patient has ovarian cancer can turn to the Ovary chapter and quickly read a summary of all of the hereditary cancer syndromes that include ovarian cancer. She can learn the questions she should be asking when expanding that patient's personal and family history, which genes are most relevant, whether to refer that patient on for genetic counseling and testing, and how to manage that patient long-term if the patient is mutation positive or negative. The same holds true for the practicing oncologist, surgeon, urologist, endocrinologist, gynecologist, primary care physician, physician's assistant, advanced practice nurse and any other clinician seeing a patient who has had cancer. This guidebook also contains an overview article on genetic counseling and testing and several in depth articles on issues that are up and coming in the field of hereditary cancer.

Research Handbook on Socio-Legal Studies of Medicine and Health

Research Handbook on Socio-Legal Studies of Medicine and Health Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Marie-Andrée Jacob,Anna Kirkland
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1786437988
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Research Handbook on Socio-Legal Studies of Medicine and Health by Marie-Andrée Jacob,Anna Kirkland Summary

This timely Research Handbook offers significant insights into an understudied subject, bringing together a broad range of socio-legal studies of medicine to help answer complex and interdisciplinary questions about global health – a major challenge of our time.

Personalized Oral Health Care

Personalized Oral Health Care Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter J. Polverini
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319232975
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Personalized Oral Health Care by Peter J. Polverini Summary

This book provides an overview of the oral health care environment as the transition is made to a system increasingly focusing on disease prevention, early intervention to minimize disease progression, and a personalized approach that meets each individual’s needs. Descriptions are provided of an array of technologies based on rapid advances in genomic medicine and omics technology that are already entering clinical practice and promise to have a huge impact on risk assessment, diagnosis, and therapy. Detailed consideration is also paid to personalized health insurance in the new environment, the impact of personalized health care on the economics of health care, and the consequences for the global diagnostic market place and improved access to care. The changes in dental education required to produce dentists better equipped to participate in the new health care environment are examined, and the book concludes by considering key opportunities and challenges.

DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology

DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vincent T. DeVita Jr.,Theodore S. Lawrence,Steven A. Rosenberg
Editor: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1469894556
FileSize: 1703kb
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DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology by Vincent T. DeVita Jr.,Theodore S. Lawrence,Steven A. Rosenberg Summary

DeVita, Hellman, and Rosenberg's Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 10th edition has garnered universal acclaim as the world’s definitive, standard-setting oncology reference. More than 400 respected luminaries explore today’s most effective strategies for managing every type of cancer by stage of presentation - discussing the role of all appropriate therapeutic modalities as well as combined-modality treatments. This multidisciplinary approach will help your cancer team collaboratively face the toughest clinical challenges and provide the best possible care for every cancer patient. Access the complete contents online or on your mobile device, with quarterly updates reflecting late-breaking developments in cancer care, free for the first year on LWW Health Library. Take full advantage of the latest advances with brand-new chapters on Hallmarks of Cancer, Molecular Methods in Cancer, Oncogenic Viruses, Cancer Screening, and new sections on Genetic testing and counseling for cancer, plus comprehensive updates throughout – including coverage of the newest biologic therapies. Make optimal, well-coordinated use of all appropriate therapies with balanced, multidisciplinary advice from a surgeon, a medical oncologist, and a radiation oncologist in each major treatment chapter. Review the latest molecular biology knowledge for each type of cancer and its implications for improved management. Make the best decisions on cancer screening and prevention, palliative care, supportive oncology, and quality-of-life issues

Genomic and Precision Medicine

Genomic and Precision Medicine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard,Sean P. David
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128006544
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Genomic and Precision Medicine by Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard,Sean P. David Summary

Genomic and Precision Medicine: Primary Care, Third Edition is an invaluable resource on the state-of-the-art tools, technologies and policy issues that are required to fully realize personalized health care in the area of primary care. One of the major areas where genomic and personalized medicine is most active is the realm of the primary care practitioner. Risk, family history, personal genomics and pharmacogenomics are becoming increasingly important to the PCP and their patients, and this book discusses the implications as they relate to primary care practitioners. Presents a comprehensive volume for primary care providers Provides succinct commentary and key learning points that will assist providers with their local needs for the implementation of genomic and personalized medicine Includes a current overview on major opportunities for genomic and personalized medicine in practice Highlights case studies that illustrate the practical use of genomics in the management in patients

Complex Systems and Population Health

Complex Systems and Population Health Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yorghos Apostolopoulos,Kristen Hassmiller Lich,Michael K. Lemke
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190880759
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Complex Systems and Population Health by Yorghos Apostolopoulos,Kristen Hassmiller Lich,Michael K. Lemke Summary

Currently, population health science is an integral part of global academic curricula. For over a century, the principles of the reductionist paradigm have guided population health curricula, training, research, and action. Researchers continue to draw upon these principles when theorizing, conceptualizing, designing studies, analyzing, and devising interventions to tackle complex population health problems. However, unresolved impasses in addressing pressing population health challenges have catalyzed calls for the integration of complex-systems-science-grounded approaches into population health science. Mounting evidence denotes that a complex systems paradigm can bring about dramatic, multipronged changes for education and training, and lead to innovative research, interventions, and policies. Despite the large and untapped promise of complex systems, the haphazard knowledge base from which academics, researchers, students, policymakers, and practitioners can draw has slowed their integration into the population health sciences. This volume fulfils this growing need by providing the knowledge base necessary to introduce a holistic complex systems paradigm in population health science. As such, it is the first comprehensive book in population health science that meaningfully integrates complex systems theory, methodology, modeling, computational simulation, and real-world applications, while incorporating current population health theoretical, methodological and analytical perspectives. It is intended as a programmatic primer across a broad spectrum of population health stakeholders: from university professors and graduate students, to researchers, policymakers, and practitioners.

Ethics, Law and Governance of Biobanking

Ethics, Law and Governance of Biobanking Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Deborah Mascalzoni
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9401795738
FileSize: 1975kb
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Ethics, Law and Governance of Biobanking by Deborah Mascalzoni Summary

Biobank research and genomic information are changing the way we look at health and medicine. Genomics challenges our values and has always been controversial and difficult to regulate. In the future lies the promise of tailored medical treatments and pharmacogenomics but the borders between medical research and clinical practice are becoming blurred. We see sequencing platforms for research that can have diagnostic value for patients. Clinical applications and research have been kept separate, but the blurring lines challenges existing regulations and ethical frameworks. Then how do we regulate it? This book contains an overview of the existing regulatory landscape for biobank research in the Western world and some critical chapters to show how regulations and ethical frameworks are developed and work. How should international sharing work? How design an ethical informed consent? An underlying critique: the regulatory systems are becoming increasingly complex and opaque. The international community is building systems that should respond to that. According to the authors in fact, it is time to turn the ship around. Biobank researchers have a moral responsibility to look at and assess their work in relation to the bigger picture: the shared norms and values of current society. Research ethics shouldn’t only be a matter of bioethicists writing guidelines that professionals have to follow. Ethics should be practiced through discourse and regulatory frameworks need to be part of that public discourse. Ethics review should be then not merely application of bureaucracy and a burden for researchers but an arena where researchers discuss their projects, receive advice and practice their ethics skills.

Intellectual Property and Genetically Modified Organisms

Intellectual Property and Genetically Modified Organisms Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles Lawson,Berris Charnley
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317115007
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Intellectual Property and Genetically Modified Organisms by Charles Lawson,Berris Charnley Summary

Taking a global viewpoint, this volume addresses issues arising from recent developments in the enduring and topical debates over Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and their relationship to Intellectual Property (IP). The work examines changing responses to the growing acceptance and prevalence of GMOs. Drawing together perspectives from several of the leading international scholars in this area, the contributions seek to break away from analysis of safety and regulation and examine the diversity of ways the law and GMOs have become entangled. This collection presents the start of a much broader engagement with GMOs and law. As GMO technology becomes increasingly more complex and embedded in our lives, this volume will be a useful resource in leading further discussion and debate about GMOs in academia, in government and among those working on future policy.

Genomics, Obesity and the Struggle over Responsibilities

Genomics, Obesity and the Struggle over Responsibilities Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michiel Korthals
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400701276
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Genomics, Obesity and the Struggle over Responsibilities by Michiel Korthals Summary

This volume addresses the overlapping aspects of the fields of genomics, obesity and (non-) medical ethics. It is unique in its examination of the implications of genomics for obesity from an ethical perspective. Genomics covers the sciences and technologies involved in the pathways that DNA takes until the organism is completely built and sustained: the range of genes (DNA), transcriptor factors, enhancers, promoters, RNA (copy of DNA), proteins, metabolism of cell, cellular interactions, organisms. Genomics offers a holistic approach, which, when applied to obesity, can have surprising and disturbing implications for the existing networks tackling this phenomenon. The ethical concerns and consideration presented are inspired by the interaction between the procedural perspective emphasizing the necessity of consultative and participatory organizational relationships in the new gray zones between medicine and food, and the substantive perspective that both cherishes individual autonomy and embeds it in socio-cultural contexts.

Intellectual Property and Emerging Technologies

Intellectual Property and Emerging Technologies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Matthew Rimmer,Alison McLennan
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781001189
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Intellectual Property and Emerging Technologies by Matthew Rimmer,Alison McLennan Summary

This unique and comprehensive collection investigates the challenges posed to intellectual property by recent paradigm shifts in biology. It explores the legal ramifications of emerging technologies, such as genomics, synthetic biology, stem cell research, nanotechnology, and biodiscovery. Extensive contributions examine recent controversial court decisions in patent law such as Bilski v. Kappos, and the litigation over Myriad's patents in respect of BRCA1 and BRCA2 while other papers explore sui generis fields, such as access to genetic resources, plant breeders' rights, and traditional knowledge. The collection considers the potential and the risks of the new biology for global challenges such as access to health-care, the protection of the environment and biodiversity, climate change, and food security. It also considers Big Science projects such as biobanks, the 1000 Genomes Project, and the Doomsday Vault. The inter-disciplinary research brings together the work of scholars from Australia, Canada, Europe, the UK and the US and involves not only legal analysis of case law and policy developments, but also historical, comparative, sociological, and ethical methodologies. Intellectual Property and Emerging Technologies will appeal to policy-makers, legal practitioners, business managers, inventors, scientists and researchers.

Pharmacogenetics and Individualized Therapy

Pharmacogenetics and Individualized Therapy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anke-Hilse Maitland-van der Zee,Ann K. Daly
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118116461
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Pharmacogenetics and Individualized Therapy by Anke-Hilse Maitland-van der Zee,Ann K. Daly Summary

This resource provides thorough coverage of pharmacogenetics and its impact on pharmaceuticals, therapeutics, and clinical practice. It opens with the basics of pharmacogenetics, including drug disposition and pharmacodynamics. The following section moves into specific disease areas, including cardiovascular, psychiatry, cancer, asthma/COPD, adverse drug reactions, transplantation, inflammatory bowel disease, and pain medication. Clinical practice and ethical issues make up the third section, with the fourth devoted to technologies like genotyping, genomics, and proteomics. In the fifth part, chapters discuss the impact of key regulatory issues on the pharmaceutical industry.

Biotechnology and Intellectual Property Rights

Biotechnology and Intellectual Property Rights Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kshitij Kumar Singh
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 8132220595
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Biotechnology and Intellectual Property Rights by Kshitij Kumar Singh Summary

This book offers a valuable contribution to contemporary legal literature, providing deep insights into the interface between law and genetics, highlighting emerging issues and providing meaningful solutions to current problems. It will be of interest to a broad readership, including academics, lawyers, policy makers and scholars engaged in interdisciplinary research. In the context of examining and analyzing the legal and social implications arising from the recent conjunction of biotechnology and intellectual property rights, the book particularly focuses on human genes and gene variations. Emphasis is placed on “patent law,” as a considerable percentage of genetic inventions are covered by patents. The book presents a comparative and critical examination of patent laws and practices related to biotechnology patents in the United States, Canada, European Union and India, in order to gather the common issues and the differences between them. The international patent approach regarding biotechnology is also analyzed in light of the constant conflict between differentiation and harmonization of patent laws. The book highlights the potential gaps and uncertainties as to the scope of numerous terms such as invention, microorganisms, microbiological processes, and essential biological processes under TRIPS. Also analyzed are the social and policy implications of patents relating to genetic research tools and genetic testing. The intricacies involved in providing effective intellectual property protection to bioinformatics and genomic databases are also examined. Bearing in mind the collaborative nature of bioinformatics and genomic databases, the book evaluates the pros and cons of open biotechnology and assesses the implications of extending intellectual property rights to human genetic resources, before explaining the ownership puzzle concerning human genetic material used in genetic research.

Pharmacogenomics in Psychiatry

Pharmacogenomics in Psychiatry Pdf/ePub eBook Author: M. Schwab,W.P. Kaschka,E. Spina
Editor: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805594992
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Pharmacogenomics in Psychiatry by M. Schwab,W.P. Kaschka,E. Spina Summary

In recent years, there have been major developments in the fields of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics, with the potential to make drug treatments in psychiatric medicine more effective. However, improvements in drug efficacy and tolerability, as well as finding the optimal dosage, can only be realized if in vivo mechanisms of drug action and ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion) processes (pharmacokinetics) of psychopharmacological agents are better understood. In this volume, current progress and perspectives in pharmacogenetic testing of drug-metabolizing enzymes, drug transporters and other drug targets involved in the response to psychotropic agents are described extensively. This provides a timely overview of what has been achieved in the area of psychiatric pharmacogenomics alongside some promising directions and perspectives for future research.Psychiatrists, general medical doctors as well as pharmacologists and clinical pharmacologists will find new insights into the development and applications of pharmacogenomics in psychiatry.

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