How the Brain Evolved Language by Donald Loritz

How the Brain Evolved Language
  • Title : How the Brain Evolved Language
  • Author : Donald Loritz
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780195348613
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How can an infinite number of sentences be generated from one human mind? How did language evolve in apes? In this book Donald Loritz addresses these and other fundamental and vexing questions about language, cognition, and the human brain. He starts by tracing how evolution and natural adaptation selected certain features of the brain to perform communication functions, then shows how those features developed into designs for human language. The result -- what Loritz calls an adaptive grammar -- gives a unified explanation of language in the brain and contradicts directly (and controversially) the theory of innateness proposed by, among others, Chomsky and Pinker.


How the Brain Evolved Language by Donald Loritz

How the Brain Evolved Language
  • Title : How the Brain Evolved Language
  • Author : Donald Loritz
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780195348613
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

How can an infinite number of sentences be generated from one human mind? How did language evolve in apes? In this book Donald Loritz addresses these and other fundamental and vexing questions about language, cognition, and the human brain. He starts by tracing how evolution and natural adaptation selected certain features of the brain to perform communication functions, then shows how those features developed into designs for human language. The result -- what Loritz calls an adaptive grammar -- gives a unified explanation of language in the brain and contradicts directly (and controversially) the theory of innateness proposed by, among others, Chomsky and Pinker.


Brain Evolution, Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia by Paolo Brambilla,Andrea Marini

Brain Evolution, Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia
  • Title : Brain Evolution, Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia
  • Author : Paolo Brambilla,Andrea Marini
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134694350
  • Pages : 252
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of language processing and related neural networks in schizophrenia by addressing the complex link between psychopathology, language and evolution at different levels of analysis. Psychopathological symptoms in schizophrenia are mainly characterized by thought and language disorders, which are strictly intertwined. In particular, language is the distinctive dimension of human beings and is ontologically related to brain development. Although normal at the levels of segmental phonology and morphological organization, the speech of patients suffering from schizophrenia is often characterized by flattened intonation and word-finding difficulties. Furthermore, research suggests that the superior temporal gyrus and specific prefrontal areas which support language in humans are altered in people with schizophrenia. Brambilla and Marini bring together international contributors to explore the link between brain evolution and the psychopathological features of schizophrenia, with a focus on language and its neural underpinnings. Divided into three sections the book covers: • brain evolution and language phylogenesis • brain abnormalities in schizophrenia • psychopathology and schizophrenia. This theoretical approach will appeal to professionals including clinical psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, and researchers considering the links between brain evolution, language and psychopathology in schizophrenia.


How the Brain Got Language by Michael A. Arbib

How the Brain Got Language
  • Title : How the Brain Got Language
  • Author : Michael A. Arbib
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199896682
  • Pages : 413
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Unlike any other species, humans can learn and use language. In this book, Michael Arbib presents the Mirror System Hypothesis, which suggests how complex imitation supported the breakthrough to pantomime, protosign and protospeech and then, through cultural evolution, to fully fledged languages.


Language in Our Brain by Angela D. Friederici,Noam Chomsky

Language in Our Brain
  • Title : Language in Our Brain
  • Author : Angela D. Friederici,Noam Chomsky
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 0262036924
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Language makes us human. It is an intrinsic part of us, although we seldom think about it. Language is also an extremely complex entity with subcomponents responsible for its phonological, syntactic, and semantic aspects. In this landmark work, Angela Friederici offers a comprehensive account of these subcomponents and how they are integrated. Tracing the neurobiological basis of language across brain regions in humans and other primate species, she argues that species-specific brain differences may be at the root of the human capacity for language. Friederici shows which brain regions support the different language processes and, more important, how these brain regions are connected structurally and functionally to make language processes that take place in milliseconds possible. She finds that one particular brain structure (a white matter dorsal tract), connecting syntax-relevant brain regions, is present only in the mature human brain and only weakly present in other primate brains. Is this the "missing link" that explains humans' capacity for language? Friederici describes the basic language functions and their brain basis; the language networks connecting different language-related brain regions; the brain basis of language acquisition during early childhood and when learning a second language, proposing a neurocognitive model of the ontogeny of language; and the evolution of language and underlying neural constraints. She finds that it is the information exchange between the relevant brain regions, supported by the white matter tract, that is the crucial factor in both language development and evolution.


Mirror Neurons and the Evolution of Brain and Language by Maxim I. Stamenov,Vittorio Gallese

Mirror Neurons and the Evolution of Brain and Language
  • Title : Mirror Neurons and the Evolution of Brain and Language
  • Author : Maxim I. Stamenov,Vittorio Gallese
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9027297088
  • Pages : 392
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The emergence of language, social intelligence, and tool development are what made homo sapiens sapiens differentiate itself from all other biological species in the world. The use of language and the management of social and instrumental skills imply an awareness of intention and the consideration that one faces another individual with an attitude analogical to that of one’s own. The metaphor of ‘mirror’ aptly comes to mind.Recent investigations have shown that the human ability to ‘mirror’ other’s actions originates in the brain at a much deeper level than phenomenal awareness. A new class of neurons has been discovered in the premotor area of the monkey brain: ‘mirror neurons’. Quite remarkably, they are tuned to fire to the enaction as well as observation of specific classes of behavior: fine manual actions and actions performed by mouth. They become activated independent of the agent, be it the self or a third person whose action is observed. The activation in mirror neurons is automatic and binds the observation and enaction of some behavior by the self or by the observed other. The peculiar first-to-third-person ‘intersubjectivity’ of the performance of mirror neurons and their surprising complementarity to the functioning of strategic communicative face-to-face (first-to-second person) interaction may shed new light on the functional architecture of conscious vs. unconscious mental processes and the relationship between behavioral and communicative action in monkeys, primates, and humans. The present volume discusses the nature of mirror neurons as presented by the research team of Prof. Giacomo Rizzolatti (University of Parma), who originally discovered them, and the implications to our understanding of the evolution of brain, mind and communicative interaction in non-human primates and man.(Series B)


The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain by Terrence W. Deacon

The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain
  • Title : The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain
  • Author : Terrence W. Deacon
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN Code : 0393343022
  • Pages : 528
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"A work of enormous breadth, likely to pleasantly surprise both general readers and experts."—New York Times Book Review This revolutionary book provides fresh answers to long-standing questions of human origins and consciousness. Drawing on his breakthrough research in comparative neuroscience, Terrence Deacon offers a wealth of insights into the significance of symbolic thinking: from the co-evolutionary exchange between language and brains over two million years of hominid evolution to the ethical repercussions that followed man's newfound access to other people's thoughts and emotions. Informing these insights is a new understanding of how Darwinian processes underlie the brain's development and function as well as its evolution. In contrast to much contemporary neuroscience that treats the brain as no more or less than a computer, Deacon provides a new clarity of vision into the mechanism of mind. It injects a renewed sense of adventure into the experience of being human.


Music, Language, and the Brain by Aniruddh D. Patel

Music, Language, and the Brain
  • Title : Music, Language, and the Brain
  • Author : Aniruddh D. Patel
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0195123751
  • Pages : 513
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In the first comprehensive study of the relationship between music and language from the standpoint of cognitive neuroscience, Aniruddh D. Patel challenges the widespread belief that music and language are processed independently. Since Plato's time, the relationship between music and language has attracted interest and debate from a wide range of thinkers. Recently, scientific research on this topic has been growing rapidly, as scholars from diverse disciplines, including linguistics, cognitive science, music cognition, and neuroscience are drawn to the music-language interface as one way to explore the extent to which different mental abilities are processed by separate brain mechanisms. Accordingly, the relevant data and theories have been spread across a range of disciplines. This volume provides the first synthesis, arguing that music and language share deep and critical connections, and that comparative research provides a powerful way to study the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying these uniquely human abilities.Winner of the 2008 ASCAP Deems Taylor Award


Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain by Philip Lieberman

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain
  • Title : Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain
  • Author : Philip Lieberman
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780674040229
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book is an entry into the fierce current debate among psycholinguists, neuroscientists, and evolutionary theorists about the nature and origins of human language. A prominent neuroscientist here takes up the Darwinian case, using data seldom considered by psycholinguists and neurolinguists to argue that human language--though more sophisticated than all other forms of animal communication--is not a qualitatively different ability from all forms of animal communication, does not require a quantum evolutionary leap to explain it, and is not unified in a single language instinct. Using clinical evidence from speech-impaired patients, functional neuroimaging, and evolutionary biology to make his case, Philip Lieberman contends that human language is not a single separate module but a functional neurological system made up of many separate abilities. Language remains as it began, Lieberman argues: a device for coping with the world. But in a blow to human narcissism, he makes the case that this most remarkable human ability is a by-product of our remote reptilian ancestors' abilities to dodge hazards, seize opportunities, and live to see another day.


How the Brain Got Language – Towards a New Road Map by Michael A. Arbib

How the Brain Got Language – Towards a New Road Map
  • Title : How the Brain Got Language – Towards a New Road Map
  • Author : Michael A. Arbib
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • ISBN Code : 9027260672
  • Pages : 393
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How did humans evolve biologically so that our brains and social interactions could support language processes, and how did cultural evolution lead to the invention of languages (signed as well as spoken)? This book addresses these questions through comparative (neuro)primatology – comparative study of brain, behavior and communication in monkeys, apes and humans – and an EvoDevoSocio framework for approaching biological and cultural evolution within a shared perspective. Each chapter provides an authoritative yet accessible review from a different discipline: linguistics (evolutionary, computational and neuro), archeology and neuroarcheology, macaque neurophysiology, comparative neuroanatomy, primate behavior, and developmental studies. These diverse perspectives are unified by having each chapter close with a section on its implications for creating a new road map for multidisciplinary research. These implications include assessment of the pluses and minuses of the Mirror System Hypothesis as an “old” road map. The cumulative road map is then presented in the concluding chapter. Originally published as a special issue of Interaction Studies 19:1/2 (2018).


Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain by Michael Petrides

Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain
  • Title : Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain
  • Author : Michael Petrides
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • ISBN Code : 0124059317
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Many studies of the neural bases of language processes are now conducted with functional and structural neuroimaging. Research is often compromised because of difficulties in identifying the core structures in the face of the complex morphology of these regions of the brain. Although there are many books on the cognitive aspects of language and also on neurolinguistics and aphasiology, Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain is the first anatomical atlas that focuses on the core regions of the cerebral cortex involved in language processing. This atlas is a richly illustrated guide for scientists interested in the gross morphology of the sulci and gyri of the core language regions, in the cytoarchitecture of the relevant cortical areas, and in the connectivity of these areas. Data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity are integrated iwth critical experimental anatomical data about homologous areas in the macaque monkey to provide the latest information on the connectivity of the language-relevant cortical areas of the brain. Although the anatomical connectivity data from studies on the macaque monkey provide the most detailed information, they are often neglected because of difficulties in interpreting the terminology used and in making the monkey-to-human comparison. This atlas helps investigators interpret this important source of information. Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain will assist investigators of the neural bases of language in increasing the anatomical sophistication of their research adn in evaluating studies of language and the brain. Abundantly illustrated with photographs, 3-D MRI reconstructions, and sections to represent the morphology of the sulci and gyri in the frontal, temporal, and parietal regions involved in language processing Photomicrographs showing the cytoarchitecture of cortical areas involved in language processing Series of coronal, sagittal, and horizontal sections identifying the sulci and gyri to assist language investigators using structural and functional neuroimaging techniques All images accompanied by brief commentaries to help users navigate the complexities of the anatomy Integration of data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity with critical experimental anatomical data on the connectivity of homologous areas in the macaque monkey


The Origin of Mind by David C. Geary

The Origin of Mind
  • Title : The Origin of Mind
  • Author : David C. Geary
  • Publisher : Amer Psychological Assn
  • ISBN Code : 9781591471813
  • Pages : 459
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Geary also explores a number of issues that are of interest in modern society, including how general intelligence relates to academic achievement, occupational status, and income."--BOOK JACKET.


Language, Music, and the Brain by Michael A. Arbib

Language, Music, and the Brain
  • Title : Language, Music, and the Brain
  • Author : Michael A. Arbib
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 0262018101
  • Pages : 662
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A presentation of music and language within an integrative, embodied perspective of brain mechanisms for action, emotion, and social coordination. This book explores the relationships between language, music, and the brain by pursuing four key themes and the crosstalk among them: song and dance as a bridge between music and language; multiple levels of structure from brain to behavior to culture; the semantics of internal and external worlds and the role of emotion; and the evolution and development of language. The book offers specially commissioned expositions of current research accessible both to experts across disciplines and to non-experts. These chapters provide the background for reports by groups of specialists that chart current controversies and future directions of research on each theme. The book looks beyond mere auditory experience, probing the embodiment that links speech to gesture and music to dance. The study of the brains of monkeys and songbirds illuminates hypotheses on the evolution of brain mechanisms that support music and language, while the study of infants calibrates the developmental timetable of their capacities. The result is a unique book that will interest any reader seeking to learn more about language or music and will appeal especially to readers intrigued by the relationships of language and music with each other and with the brain. Contributors Francisco Aboitiz, Michael A. Arbib, Annabel J. Cohen, Ian Cross, Peter Ford Dominey, W. Tecumseh Fitch, Leonardo Fogassi, Jonathan Fritz, Thomas Fritz, Peter Hagoort, John Halle, Henkjan Honing, Atsushi Iriki, Petr Janata, Erich Jarvis, Stefan Koelsch, Gina Kuperberg, D. Robert Ladd, Fred Lerdahl, Stephen C. Levinson, Jerome Lewis, Katja Liebal, Jônatas Manzolli, Bjorn Merker, Lawrence M. Parsons, Aniruddh D. Patel, Isabelle Peretz, David Poeppel, Josef P. Rauschecker, Nikki Rickard, Klaus Scherer, Gottfried Schlaug, Uwe Seifert, Mark Steedman, Dietrich Stout, Francesca Stregapede, Sharon Thompson-Schill, Laurel Trainor, Sandra E. Trehub, Paul Verschure


Biological Psychology by James W. Kalat

Biological Psychology
  • Title : Biological Psychology
  • Author : James W. Kalat
  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • ISBN Code : 1133709737
  • Pages : 608
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Dr. James W. Kalat's BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY is the most widely used text in the course area, and for good reason: an extremely high level of scholarship, clear and occasionally humorous writing style, and precise examples. Throughout all eleven editions, Kalat's goal has been to make biological psychology accessible to psychology students, not just to biology majors and pre-meds. Another goal has been to convey the excitement of the search for biological explanations of behavior, and Kalat delivers. Updated with new topics, examples, and recent research findings--and supported by new online bio-labs, part of the strongest media package yet--this text speaks to today's students and instructors. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


Components of the Language-Ready Brain by Cedric Boeckx,Antonio Benítez-Burraco

Components of the Language-Ready Brain
  • Title : Components of the Language-Ready Brain
  • Author : Cedric Boeckx,Antonio Benítez-Burraco
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • ISBN Code : 2889198936
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume highlights new avenues of research in the language sciences, and particularly, in the neurobiology of language. The term “language-ready brain” stresses, on the one hand, the importance of a brain-based description of our species’ linguistic capacity, and, on the other, the need to appreciate the crucial role culture plays in shaping the linguistic systems children acquire and adults use. For this reason, the focus is not put on language per se, but on our learning biases and cognitive pre-dispositions toward language. Both brain and culture are considered at two crucial levels of inquiry: phylogeny and ontogeny. In a fast-growing field like the language sciences and specifically, language evolution studies, this book has tried to capture several of the most exciting topics explored currently, sowing seeds for future investigations.


The Lives of the Brain by John S. Allen

The Lives of the Brain
  • Title : The Lives of the Brain
  • Author : John S. Allen
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0674053494
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Though we have other distinguishing characteristics (walking on two legs, for instance, and relative hairlessness), the brain and the behavior it produces are what truly set us apart from the other apes and primates. And how this three-pound organ composed of water, fat, and protein turned a mammal species into the dominant animal on earth today is the story John S. Allen seeks to tell.


Language and the Brain by Obler Loraine K,Loraine K. Obler,Kris Gjerlow

Language and the Brain
  • Title : Language and the Brain
  • Author : Obler Loraine K,Loraine K. Obler,Kris Gjerlow
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521466417
  • Pages : 206
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An introduction to neurolinguistics showing how language is organized in the brain.


Foundations of Language by Ray Jackendoff

Foundations of Language
  • Title : Foundations of Language
  • Author : Ray Jackendoff
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191574015
  • Pages : 498
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How does human language work? How do we put ideas into words that others can understand? Can linguistics shed light on the way the brain operates? Foundations of Language puts linguistics back at the centre of the search to understand human consciousness. Ray Jackendoff begins by surveying the developments in linguistics over the years since Noam Chomsky's Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. He goes on to propose a radical re-conception of how the brain processes language. This opens up vivid new perspectives on every major aspect of language and communication, including grammar, vocabulary, learning, the origins of human language, and how language relates to the real world. Foundations of Language makes important connections with other disciplines which have been isolated from linguistics for many years. It sets a new agenda for close cooperation between the study of language, mind, the brain, behaviour, and evolution.


Evolution of the Learning Brain by Paul Howard-Jones

Evolution of the Learning Brain
  • Title : Evolution of the Learning Brain
  • Author : Paul Howard-Jones
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781138824461
  • Pages : 237
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The idea of evolution -- Origins -- The vertebrate brain -- The social primate -- Homo social cooperative learners -- Speech -- The arrival of numeracy -- The emergence of the written word -- Evolution meets education -- The future of the learning brain


Notes on Linguistics by N.A

Notes on Linguistics
  • Title : Notes on Linguistics
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Long Evolution of Brains and Minds by Gerhard Roth

The Long Evolution of Brains and Minds
  • Title : The Long Evolution of Brains and Minds
  • Author : Gerhard Roth
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9400762593
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The main topic of the book is a reconstruction of the evolution of nervous systems and brains as well as of mental-cognitive abilities, in short “intelligence” from simplest organisms to humans. It investigates to which extent the two are correlated. One central topic is the alleged uniqueness of the human brain and human intelligence and mind. It is discussed which neural features make certain animals and humans intelligent and creative: Is it absolute or relative brain size or the size of “intelligence centers” inside the brains, the number of nerve cells inside the brain in total or in such “intelligence centers” decisive for the degree of intelligence, of mind and eventually consciousness? And which are the driving forces behind these processes? Finally, it is asked what all this means for the classical problem of mind-brain relationship and for a naturalistic theory of mind.


In the Light of Evolution by National Academy of Sciences

In the Light of Evolution
  • Title : In the Light of Evolution
  • Author : National Academy of Sciences
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309261783
  • Pages : 430
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The central goal of the In the Light of Evolution (ILE) series is to promote the evolutionary sciences through state-of-the-art colloquia--in the series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences--and their published proceedings. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. This book is the outgrowth of the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium "Brain and Behavior," which was sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences on January 20-21, 2012, at the Academy's Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, CA. It is the sixth in a series of Colloquia under the general title "In the Light of Evolution." Specifically, In Light of Evolution: Brain and Behavior focuses on the field of evolutionary neuroscience that now includes a vast array of different approaches, data types, and species. This volume is also available for purchase with the In the Light of Evolution six-volume set.


Birdsong, Speech, and Language by Johan J. Bolhuis,Martin Everaert

Birdsong, Speech, and Language
  • Title : Birdsong, Speech, and Language
  • Author : Johan J. Bolhuis,Martin Everaert
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 0262018608
  • Pages : 542
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Leading scholars draw on the latest research to explore what birdsong can tell us about the biology of human speech and language and the consequences for evolutionary biology.


The Gentleman's Magazine by N.A

The Gentleman's Magazine
  • Title : The Gentleman's Magazine
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Human Language by Peter Hagoort

Human Language
  • Title : Human Language
  • Author : Peter Hagoort
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 0262042630
  • Pages : 752
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A unique overview of the human language faculty at all levels of organization. Language is not only one of the most complex cognitive functions that we command, it is also the aspect of the mind that makes us uniquely human. Research suggests that the human brain exhibits a language readiness not found in the brains of other species. This volume brings together contributions from a range of fields to examine humans' language capacity from multiple perspectives, analyzing it at genetic, neurobiological, psychological, and linguistic levels. In recent decades, advances in computational modeling, neuroimaging, and genetic sequencing have made possible new approaches to the study of language, and the contributors draw on these developments. The book examines cognitive architectures, investigating the functional organization of the major language skills; learning and development trajectories, summarizing the current understanding of the steps and neurocognitive mechanisms in language processing; evolutionary and other preconditions for communication by means of natural language; computational tools for modeling language; cognitive neuroscientific methods that allow observations of the human brain in action, including fMRI, EEG/MEG, and others; the neural infrastructure of language capacity; the genome's role in building and maintaining the language-ready brain; and insights from studying such language-relevant behaviors in nonhuman animals as birdsong and primate vocalization. Section editors Christian F. Beckmann, Carel ten Cate, Simon E. Fisher, Peter Hagoort, Evan Kidd, Stephen C. Levinson, James M. McQueen, Antje S. Meyer, David Poeppel, Caroline F. Rowland, Constance Scharff, Ivan Toni, Willem Zuidema


The Recursive Mind by Michael C. Corballis

The Recursive Mind
  • Title : The Recursive Mind
  • Author : Michael C. Corballis
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691160945
  • Pages : 312
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Recursive Mind challenges the commonly held notion that language is what makes us uniquely human. In this compelling book, Michael Corballis argues that what distinguishes us in the animal kingdom is our capacity for recursion: the ability to embed our thoughts within other thoughts. "I think, therefore I am," is an example of recursive thought, because the thinker has inserted himself into his thought. Recursion enables us to conceive of our own minds and the minds of others. It also gives us the power of mental "time travel"--the ability to insert past experiences, or imagined future ones, into present consciousness. Drawing on neuroscience, psychology, animal behavior, anthropology, and archaeology, Corballis demonstrates how these recursive structures led to the emergence of language and speech, which ultimately enabled us to share our thoughts, plan with others, and reshape our environment to better reflect our creative imaginations. He shows how the recursive mind was critical to survival in the harsh conditions of the Pleistocene epoch, and how it evolved to foster social cohesion. He traces how language itself adapted to recursive thinking, first through manual gestures, then later, with the emergence of Homo sapiens, vocally. Toolmaking and manufacture arose, and the application of recursive principles to these activities in turn led to the complexities of human civilization, the extinction of fellow large-brained hominins like the Neandertals, and our species' supremacy over the physical world.


Human Evolution, Language and Mind by William Noble,Iain Davidson

Human Evolution, Language and Mind
  • Title : Human Evolution, Language and Mind
  • Author : William Noble,Iain Davidson
  • Publisher : CUP Archive
  • ISBN Code : 9780521576352
  • Pages : 272
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Annotation pending.


The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution by Maggie Tallerman,Kathleen R. Gibson

The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution
  • Author : Maggie Tallerman,Kathleen R. Gibson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199541116
  • Pages : 763
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Leading scholars present critical accounts of every aspect of the field, including work in animal behaviour; anatomy, genetics and neurology; the prehistory of language; the development of our uniquely linguistic species; and language creation, transmission, and change.


Principles of Brain Evolution by Georg F. Striedter

Principles of Brain Evolution
  • Title : Principles of Brain Evolution
  • Author : Georg F. Striedter
  • Publisher : Sinauer Associates Incorporated
  • ISBN Code : 9780878938209
  • Pages : 436
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students, this textbook describes some of the basic principles affecting brain evolution. The author refers to data from a wide array of vertebrates while minimizing technical jargon. Particular attention has been paid to the ways in which changes in brain structure impact function and behavior. The volume concludes with a discussion on how mammal brains diverged from other brains and how Homo sapiens evolved a very large and special brain.


Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts by N.A

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts
  • Title : Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self by John C. Eccles

Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self
  • Title : Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self
  • Author : John C. Eccles
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134968345
  • Pages : 300
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Sir John Eccles, a distinguished scientist and Nobel Prize winner who has devoted his scientific life to the study of the mammalian brain, tells the story of how we came to be, not only as animals at the end of the hominid evolutionary line, but also as human persons possessed of reflective consciousness.


The Evolution Of Human Languages by John A. Hawkins,Murray Gell-mann

The Evolution Of Human Languages
  • Title : The Evolution Of Human Languages
  • Author : John A. Hawkins,Murray Gell-mann
  • Publisher : Westview Press
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 361
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This proceedings volume from a workshop by the same name sponsored by the Santa Fe Institute in August, 1989, covers a range of disciplines and subdisciplines of relevance to linguistics, phonetics, psycholinguistics, cognitive science, sociolinguistics, archaeological and anthropological linguistics, neuroanatomy, biology, and physics.


Meeting Handbook by Linguistic Society of America

Meeting Handbook
  • Title : Meeting Handbook
  • Author : Linguistic Society of America
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Magill's Encyclopedia of Social Science: Data description by Nancy A. Piotrowski,Tracy Irons-Georges

Magill's Encyclopedia of Social Science: Data description
  • Title : Magill's Encyclopedia of Social Science: Data description
  • Author : Nancy A. Piotrowski,Tracy Irons-Georges
  • Publisher : Salem PressInc
  • ISBN Code : 9781587651328
  • Pages : 1810
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"A comprehensive introduction to psychology, this work will find a home in a broad range of library collections. Each topical entry includes notes on the type of psychology and field of study covered, a list of key concepts related to the essay, and an annotated list of sources for further study. Entries on mental disorders include sidebars with the characteristic criteria for that diagnosis. High school students, undergraduates, and others will find a wealth of information in this useful set."--"The Top 20 Reference Titles of the Year," American Libraries, May 2004.


Studies in Life and Sense by Andrew Wilson

Studies in Life and Sense
  • Title : Studies in Life and Sense
  • Author : Andrew Wilson
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 354
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Evolution of the Brain, Cognition, and Emotion in Vertebrates by Shigeru Watanabe,Michel A Hofman,Toru Shimizu

Evolution of the Brain, Cognition, and Emotion in Vertebrates
  • Title : Evolution of the Brain, Cognition, and Emotion in Vertebrates
  • Author : Shigeru Watanabe,Michel A Hofman,Toru Shimizu
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 4431565590
  • Pages : 299
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book presents a new view on the evolution of the brain, cognition, and emotion. Around a half-century ago, Professor Harry Jerison published a seminal book entitled Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence. Since then, there has been a series of dramatic methodological and conceptual changes which have led to many new insights into the understanding of brain evolution and cognition. This book is particularly focused on three significant aspects of such changes. First, taking advantage of a new integrated approach called evolutionary developmental biology or Evo/Devo, researchers have started to look into vertebrate brain evolution from the developmental perspective. Second, comparative neuroanatomists have accumulated a large amount of information about the brains of diverse animal groups to refute the old-fashioned idea that vertebrate brains evolved linearly from non-mammals to mammals. Third, comparative behavioral studies have demonstrated that sophisticated cognition and emotion are not unique to some primates but are also found in many non-primate and even non-mammalian species. This work will appeal to a wide readership in such fields as neuroscience, cognitive science, and behavioral science.


A Brain for Speech by Francisco Aboitiz

A Brain for Speech
  • Title : A Brain for Speech
  • Author : Francisco Aboitiz
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137540605
  • Pages : 505
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book discusses evolution of the human brain, the origin of speech and language. It covers past and present perspectives on the contentious issue of the acquisition of the language capacity. Divided into two parts, this insightful work covers several characteristics of the human brain including the language-specific network, the size of the human brain, its lateralization of functions and interhemispheric integration, in particular the phonological loop. Aboitiz argues that it is the phonological loop that allowed us to increase our vocal memory capacity and to generate a shared semantic space that gave rise to modern language. The second part examines the neuroanatomy of the monkey brain, vocal learning birds like parrots, emergent evidence of vocal learning capacities in mammals, mirror neurons, and the ecological and social context in which speech evolved in our early ancestors. This book's interdisciplinary topic will appeal to scholars of psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, biology and history.


How People Learn by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

How People Learn
  • Title : How People Learn
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309131979
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.


Lingua by N.A

Lingua
  • Title : Lingua
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The Ape That Spoke by John McCrone

The Ape That Spoke
  • Title : The Ape That Spoke
  • Author : John McCrone
  • Publisher : Avon Books
  • ISBN Code : 9780380713998
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary: