Imperfect Oracle

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Imperfect Oracle

Imperfect Oracle Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271073691
FileSize: 1865kb
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Imperfect Oracle by , Summary

Science and its offshoot, technology, enter into the very fabric of our society in so many ways that we cannot imagine life without them. We are surrounded by crises and debates over climate change, stem-cell research, AIDS, evolutionary theory and “intelligent design,” the use of DNA in solving crimes, and many other issues. Society is virtually forced to follow our natural tendency, which is to give great weight to the opinions of scientific experts. How is it that these experts have come to acquire such authority, and just how far does their authority reach? Does specialized knowledge entitle scientists to moral authority as well? How does scientific authority actually function in our society, and what are the countervailing social forces (including those deriving from law, politics, and religion) with which it has to contend? Theodore Brown seeks to answer such questions in this magisterial work of synthesis about the role of science in society. In Part I, he elucidates the concept of authority and its relation to autonomy, and then traces the historical growth of scientific authority and its place in contemporary American society. In Part II, he analyzes how scientific authority plays out in relation to other social domains, such as law, religion, government, and the public sphere.

Computing and Combinatorics

Computing and Combinatorics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Danny Z. Chen,D.T. Lee
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540369260
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Computing and Combinatorics by Danny Z. Chen,D.T. Lee Summary

This book presents the refereed proceedings of the 12th Annual International Computing and Combinatorics Conference, COCOON 2006, held in Taipei, Taiwan, August 2006. The book offers 52 revised full papers presented together with abstracts of 2 invited talks. The papers are organized in topical sections on computational economics, finance, and management, graph algorithms, computational complexity and computability, quantum computing, computational biology and medicine, computational geometry, graph theory, and more.

Quantum Computation and Information

Quantum Computation and Information Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hiroshi Imai,Masahito Hayashi
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540331336
FileSize: 649kb
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Quantum Computation and Information by Hiroshi Imai,Masahito Hayashi Summary

This book reviews selected topics charterized by great progress and covers the field from theoretical areas to experimental ones. It contains fundamental areas, quantum query complexity, quantum statistical inference, quantum cloning, quantum entanglement, additivity. It treats three types of quantum security system, quantum public key cryptography, quantum key distribution, and quantum steganography. A photonic system is highlighted for the realization of quantum information processing.

Have You Been to Delphi?

Have You Been to Delphi? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Roger Lipsey
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791491455
FileSize: 462kb
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Have You Been to Delphi? by Roger Lipsey Summary

A fascinating collection of tales and lore from the ancient Oracle at Delphi, this book provides both a collection of good stories and finds spiritual enlightenment weaved throughout these diverse offerings.

Information and Communications Security

Information and Communications Security Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sihan Qing,Eiji Okamoto,Kwangjo Kim,Dongmei Liu
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319298143
FileSize: 706kb
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Information and Communications Security by Sihan Qing,Eiji Okamoto,Kwangjo Kim,Dongmei Liu Summary

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Information and Communications Security, ICISC 2015, held in Beijing, China, in December 2015. The 24 revised full papers and 19 short papers presented were carefully selected from 148 submissions. The papers provide the latest results in research and development in the field of information security and applied cryptology.

Advances in Machine Learning I

Advances in Machine Learning I Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jacek Koronacki,Zbigniew W. Ras,Slawomir T. Wierzchon
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642051774
FileSize: 533kb
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Advances in Machine Learning I by Jacek Koronacki,Zbigniew W. Ras,Slawomir T. Wierzchon Summary

Professor Richard S. Michalski passed away on September 20, 2007. Once we learned about his untimely death we immediately realized that we would no longer have with us a truly exceptional scholar and researcher who for several decades had been inf- encing the work of numerous scientists all over the world - not only in his area of expertise, notably machine learning, but also in the broadly understood areas of data analysis, data mining, knowledge discovery and many others. In fact, his influence was even much broader due to his creative vision, integrity, scientific excellence and exceptionally wide intellectual horizons which extended to history, political science and arts. Professor Michalski’s death was a particularly deep loss to the whole Polish sci- tific community and the Polish Academy of Sciences in particular. After graduation, he began his research career at the Institute of Automatic Control, Polish Academy of Science in Warsaw. In 1970 he left his native country and hold various prestigious positions at top US universities. His research gained impetus and he soon established himself as a world authority in his areas of interest – notably, he was widely cons- ered a father of machine learning.

Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2018

Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2018 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kohei Arai,Rahul Bhatia,Supriya Kapoor
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030026868
FileSize: 1507kb
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Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2018 by Kohei Arai,Rahul Bhatia,Supriya Kapoor Summary

The book, presenting the proceedings of the 2018 Future Technologies Conference (FTC 2018), is a remarkable collection of chapters covering a wide range of topics, including, but not limited to computing, electronics, artificial intelligence, robotics, security and communications and their real-world applications. The conference attracted a total of 503 submissions from pioneering researchers, scientists, industrial engineers, and students from all over the world. After a double-blind peer review process, 173 submissions (including 6 poster papers) have been selected to be included in these proceedings. FTC 2018 successfully brought together technology geniuses in one venue to not only present breakthrough research in future technologies but to also promote practicality and applications and an intra- and inter-field exchange of ideas. In the future, computing technologies will play a very important role in the convergence of computing, communication, and all other computational sciences and applications. And as a result it will also influence the future of science, engineering, industry, business, law, politics, culture, and medicine. Providing state-of-the-art intelligent methods and techniques for solving real-world problems, as well as a vision of the future research, this book is a valuable resource for all those interested in this area.

Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2001

Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2001 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Birgit Pfitzmann
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540449876
FileSize: 1574kb
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Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2001 by Birgit Pfitzmann Summary

EUROCRYPT 2001, the 20th annual Eurocrypt conference, was sponsored by the IACR, the International Association for Cryptologic Research, see http://www. iacr. org/, this year in cooperation with the Austrian Computer - ciety (OCG). The General Chair, Reinhard Posch, was responsible for local or- nization, and registration was handled by the IACR Secretariat at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In addition to the papers contained in these proceedings, we were pleased that the conference program also included a presentation by the 2001 IACR d- tinguished lecturer, Andrew Odlyzko, on “Economics and Cryptography” and an invited talk by Silvio Micali, “Zero Knowledge Has Come of Age. ” Furthermore, there was the rump session for presentations of recent results and other (p- sibly satirical) topics of interest to the crypto community, which Jean-Jacques Quisquater kindly agreed to run. The Program Committee received 155 submissions and selected 33 papers for presentation; one of them was withdrawn by the authors. The review process was therefore a delicate and challenging task for the committee members, and I wish to thank them for all the e?ort they spent on it. Each committee member was responsible for the review of at least 20 submissions, so each paper was carefully evaluated by at least three reviewers, and submissions with a program committee member as a (co-)author by at least six.

Computer Security - ESORICS 2008

Computer Security - ESORICS 2008 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sushil Jajodia
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540883134
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Computer Security - ESORICS 2008 by Sushil Jajodia Summary

These proceedings contain the papers selected for presentation at the 13th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security––ESORICS 2008––held October 6–8, 2008 in Torremolinos (Malaga), Spain, and hosted by the University of Malaga, C- puter Science Department. ESORICS has become the European research event in computer security. The symposium started in 1990 and has been organized on alternate years in different European countries. From 2002 it has taken place yearly. It attracts an international audience from both the academic and industrial communities. In response to the call for papers, 168 papers were submitted to the symposium. These papers were evaluated on the basis of their significance, novelty, and technical quality. Each paper was reviewed by at least three members of the Program Comm- tee. The Program Committee meeting was held electronically, holding intensive d- cussion over a period of two weeks. Finally, 37 papers were selected for presentation at the symposium, giving an acceptance rate of 22%.

Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification and Validation. Technologies for Mastering Change

Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification and Validation. Technologies for Mastering Change Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tiziana Margaria,Bernhard Steffen
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3662452340
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Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification and Validation. Technologies for Mastering Change by Tiziana Margaria,Bernhard Steffen Summary

The two-volume set LNCS 8802 and LNCS 8803 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification and Validation, ISoLA 2014, held in Imperial, Corfu, Greece, in October 2014. The total of 67 full papers was carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. Featuring a track introduction to each section, the papers are organized in topical sections named: evolving critical systems; rigorous engineering of autonomic ensembles; automata learning; formal methods and analysis in software product line engineering; model-based code generators and compilers; engineering virtualized systems; statistical model checking; risk-based testing; medical cyber-physical systems; scientific workflows; evaluation and reproducibility of program analysis; processes and data integration in the networked healthcare; semantic heterogeneity in the formal development of complex systems. In addition, part I contains a tutorial on automata learning in practice; as well as the preliminary manifesto to the LNCS Transactions on the Foundations for Mastering Change with several position papers. Part II contains information on the industrial track and the doctoral symposium and poster session.

Modern Perspectives in Type-Theoretical Semantics

Modern Perspectives in Type-Theoretical Semantics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stergios Chatzikyriakidis,Zhaohui Luo
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319504223
FileSize: 1026kb
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Modern Perspectives in Type-Theoretical Semantics by Stergios Chatzikyriakidis,Zhaohui Luo Summary

This book is a collective volume that reports the state of the art in the applications of type theory to linguistic semantics. The volume fills a 20 year gap from the last published book on the issue and aspires to bring researchers closer to cutting edge alternatives in formal semantics research. It consists of unpublished work by some key researchers on various issues related to the type theoretical study of formal semantics and further exemplifies the advantages of using modern type theoretical approaches to linguistic semantics. Themes that are covered include modern developments of type theories in formal semantics, foundational issues in linguistic semantics like anaphora, modality and plurals, innovational interdisciplinary research like the introduction of probability theory to type theories as well as computational implementations of type theoretical approaches. This volume will be of great interest to formal semanticists that are looking for alternative ways to study linguistic semantics, but will also be of interest to theoretical computer scientists and mathematicians that are interested in the applications of type theory.

Logical Analysis of Hybrid Systems

Logical Analysis of Hybrid Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: André Platzer
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642145094
FileSize: 365kb
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Logical Analysis of Hybrid Systems by André Platzer Summary

Hybrid systems are models for complex physical systems and have become a widely used concept for understanding their behavior. Many applications are safety-critical, including car, railway, and air traffic control, robotics, physical–chemical process control, and biomedical devices. Hybrid systems analysis studies how we can build computerized controllers for physical systems which are guaranteed to meet their design goals. The author gives a unique, logic-based perspective on hybrid systems analysis. It is the first book that leverages the power of logic for hybrid systems. The author develops a coherent logical approach for systematic hybrid systems analysis, covering its theory, practice, and applications. It is further shown how the developed verification techniques can be used to study air traffic and railway control systems. This book is intended for researchers, postgraduates, and professionals who are interested in hybrid systems analysis, cyberphysical or embedded systems design, logic and theorem proving, or transportation and automation.

Grammatical Inference: Theoretical Results and Applications

Grammatical Inference: Theoretical Results and Applications Pdf/ePub eBook Author: José Sempere,Pedro García
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642154883
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Grammatical Inference: Theoretical Results and Applications by José Sempere,Pedro García Summary

Annotation This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Colloquium on Grammatical Inference, ICGI 2010, held in Valencia, Spain, in September 2010. The 18 revised full papers and 14 revised short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The topics of the papers presented vary from theoretical results about the learning of different formal language classes (regular, context-free, context-sensitive, etc.) to application papers on bioinformatics, language modelling or software engineering. Furthermore there are two invited papers on the topics grammatical inference and games and molecules, languages, and automata.

Handbook of Big Data Technologies

Handbook of Big Data Technologies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Albert Y. Zomaya,Sherif Sakr
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331949340X
FileSize: 699kb
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Handbook of Big Data Technologies by Albert Y. Zomaya,Sherif Sakr Summary

This handbook offers comprehensive coverage of recent advancements in Big Data technologies and related paradigms. Chapters are authored by international leading experts in the field, and have been reviewed and revised for maximum reader value. The volume consists of twenty-five chapters organized into four main parts. Part one covers the fundamental concepts of Big Data technologies including data curation mechanisms, data models, storage models, programming models and programming platforms. It also dives into the details of implementing Big SQL query engines and big stream processing systems. Part Two focuses on the semantic aspects of Big Data management including data integration and exploratory ad hoc analysis in addition to structured querying and pattern matching techniques. Part Three presents a comprehensive overview of large scale graph processing. It covers the most recent research in large scale graph processing platforms, introducing several scalable graph querying and mining mechanisms in domains such as social networks. Part Four details novel applications that have been made possible by the rapid emergence of Big Data technologies such as Internet-of-Things (IOT), Cognitive Computing and SCADA Systems. All parts of the book discuss open research problems, including potential opportunities, that have arisen from the rapid progress of Big Data technologies and the associated increasing requirements of application domains. Designed for researchers, IT professionals and graduate students, this book is a timely contribution to the growing Big Data field. Big Data has been recognized as one of leading emerging technologies that will have a major contribution and impact on the various fields of science and varies aspect of the human society over the coming decades. Therefore, the content in this book will be an essential tool to help readers understand the development and future of the field.

Advances in Cryptology -- CRYPTO 2012

Advances in Cryptology -- CRYPTO 2012 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Reihaneh Safavi-Naini,Ran Canetti
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642320090
FileSize: 1189kb
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Advances in Cryptology -- CRYPTO 2012 by Reihaneh Safavi-Naini,Ran Canetti Summary

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 32nd Annual International Cryptology Conference, CRYPTO 2012, held in Santa Barbara, CA, USA, in August 2012. The 48 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 225 submissions. The volume also contains the abstracts of two invited talks. The papers are organized in topical sections on symmetric cryptosystems, secure computation, attribute-based and functional encryption, proofs systems, protocols, hash functions, composable security, privacy, leakage and side-channels, signatures, implementation analysis, black-box separation, cryptanalysis, quantum cryptography, and key encapsulation and one-way functions.

Solving Transcendental Equations

Solving Transcendental Equations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John P. Boyd
Editor: SIAM
ISBN: 161197352X
FileSize: 776kb
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Solving Transcendental Equations by John P. Boyd Summary

Transcendental equations arise in every branch of science and engineering. While most of these equations are easy to solve, some are not, and that is where this book serves as the mathematical equivalent of a skydiver's reserve parachute--not always needed, but indispensible when it is. The author's goal is to teach the art of finding the root of a single algebraic equation or a pair of such equations.

Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2009

Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2009 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mitsuri Matsui
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642103669
FileSize: 1870kb
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Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2009 by Mitsuri Matsui Summary

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, ASIACRYPT 2009, held in Tokyo, Japan, in December 2009. The 41 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 298 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on block ciphers, quantum and post-quantum, hash functions I, encryption schemes, multi party computation, cryptographic protocols, hash funtions II, models and frameworks I, cryptoanalysis: square and quadratic, models and framework II, hash functions III, lattice-based, and side channels.

Learning and Generalisation

Learning and Generalisation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mathukumalli Vidyasagar
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447137485
FileSize: 448kb
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Learning and Generalisation by Mathukumalli Vidyasagar Summary

How does a machine learn a new concept on the basis of examples? This second edition takes account of important new developments in the field. It also deals extensively with the theory of learning control systems, now comparably mature to learning of neural networks.

Naturalism, interpretation, and mental disorder

Naturalism, interpretation, and mental disorder Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Somogy Varga
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191064262
FileSize: 1209kb
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Naturalism, interpretation, and mental disorder by Somogy Varga Summary

In a therapeutic encounter, the dialogue between therapist and client, along with the specific language used by a client to express thoughts, emotions, desires, and beliefs reveals much about their inner state. Yet, too often this vital aspect of the encounter is overlooked when considering and treating mental disorder. This book is unique in integrating a hermeneutical perspective to understanding mental illness - one that places an emphasis on analysing and interpreting the language used within a therapeutic encounter, whilst also considering the context in which it is expressed. Within the book, the reader will how learn such an approach can reveal more about mental illness than some of the more traditional psychiatric methods currently used today. In addition, the book shows us how a hermeneutically informed approach can be valuable for understanding the concept of mental disorder itself, making it valuable for all those within the fields of psychiatry and philosophy of mind. Naturalism, interpretation, and mental disorder' brings fresh thinking to the field of philosophy and psychiatry, and will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of mental health and philosophy of mind.

Safe Comp 96

Safe Comp 96 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Erwin Schoitsch
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447109376
FileSize: 747kb
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Safe Comp 96 by Erwin Schoitsch Summary

SAFECOMP '96 contains papers presented at the 15th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability and Security held in Vienna, Austria, 23-25 October 1996. The conference aimed to provide an opportunity for technical developers and users to discuss and review their experiences, to consider the best technologies currently available, and to identify the skills and technologies required for the future. SAFECOMP '96 focuses on critical computer applications and is intended as a platform for technology transfer between academia, industry and research institutions. SAFECOMP '96 will be of interest to all those in universities, research institutions, industry and business who want to be well-informed about the current international state of the art in computer safety, reliability and security.