Infectious Disease by Marta Wayne,Benjamin M. Bolker

Infectious Disease
  • Title : Infectious Disease
  • Author : Marta Wayne,Benjamin M. Bolker
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199688931
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

As doctors and biologists have learned, to their dismay, infectious disease is a moving target: new diseases emerge every year, old diseases evolve into new forms, and ecological and socioeconomic upheavals change the transmission pathways by which disease spread. By taking an approach focused on the general evolutionary and ecological dynamics of disease, this Very Short Introduction provides a general conceptual framework for thinking about disease. Ecology and evolution provide the keys to answering the "where", "why", "how", and "what" questions about any particular infectious disease: where did it come from? How is it transmitted from one person to another, and why are some individuals more susceptible than others? What biochemical, ecological, and evolutionary strategies can be used to combat the disease? Is it more effective to block transmission at the population level, or to block infection at the individual level? Through a series of case studies, Benjamin Bolker and Marta L. Wayne introduce the major ideas of infectious disease in a clear and thoughtful way, emphasizing the general principles of infection, the management of outbreaks, and the evolutionary and ecological approaches that are now central to much research about infectious disease. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction by Marta Wayne,Benjamin Bolker

Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Marta Wayne,Benjamin Bolker
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191002828
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

As doctors and biologists have learned, to their dismay, infectious disease is a moving target: new diseases emerge every year, old diseases evolve into new forms, and ecological and socioeconomic upheavals change the transmission pathways by which disease spread. By taking an approach focused on the general evolutionary and ecological dynamics of disease, this Very Short Introduction provides a general conceptual framework for thinking about disease. Ecology and evolution provide the keys to answering the 'where', 'why', 'how', and 'what' questions about any particular infectious disease: where did it come from? How is it transmitted from one person to another, and why are some individuals more susceptible than others? What biochemical, ecological, and evolutionary strategies can be used to combat the disease? Is it more effective to block transmission at the population level, or to block infection at the individual level? Through a series of case studies, Benjamin Bolker and Marta L. Wayne introduce the major ideas of infectious disease in a clear and thoughtful way, emphasising the general principles of infection, the management of outbreaks, and the evolutionary and ecological approaches that are now central to much research about infectious disease. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction by Marta Wayne,Benjamin Bolker

Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Marta Wayne,Benjamin Bolker
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191002836
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

As doctors and biologists have learned, to their dismay, infectious disease is a moving target: new diseases emerge every year, old diseases evolve into new forms, and ecological and socioeconomic upheavals change the transmission pathways by which disease spread. By taking an approach focused on the general evolutionary and ecological dynamics of disease, this Very Short Introduction provides a general conceptual framework for thinking about disease. Ecology and evolution provide the keys to answering the 'where', 'why', 'how', and 'what' questions about any particular infectious disease: where did it come from? How is it transmitted from one person to another, and why are some individuals more susceptible than others? What biochemical, ecological, and evolutionary strategies can be used to combat the disease? Is it more effective to block transmission at the population level, or to block infection at the individual level? Through a series of case studies, Benjamin Bolker and Marta L. Wayne introduce the major ideas of infectious disease in a clear and thoughtful way, emphasising the general principles of infection, the management of outbreaks, and the evolutionary and ecological approaches that are now central to much research about infectious disease. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Viruses: A Very Short Introduction by Dorothy H. Crawford

Viruses: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Viruses: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Dorothy H. Crawford
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199574855
  • Pages : 156
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Discusses the discovery of viruses, analyzes the threat of viral infections, and considers ways to prevent the emergence of new and devastating viruses.


Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction by Sebastian G.B. Amyes

Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Sebastian G.B. Amyes
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0199578761
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this Very Short Introduction, Sebastian Amyes explores the nature of bacteria. As a fundamental branch of life, they inhabit every part of the Earth's surface. Amyes examines their origin and evolution, bacteria in the environment, and bacteria and disease, to demonstrate the fundamental role they play in our existence.


Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction by Rodolfo Saracci

Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Rodolfo Saracci
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191609242
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What is epidemiology? What are the causes of a new disease? How can pandemics be prevented? Epidemiology is the study of the changing patterns of disease and its main aim is to improve the health of populations. It's a vital field, central to the health of society, to the identification of causes of disease, and to their management and prevention. Epidemiology has had an impact on many areas of medicine; from discovering the relationship between tobacco smoking and lung cancer, to the origin and spread of new epidemics. However, it is often poorly understood, largely due to misrepresentations in the media. In this Very Short Introduction Rodolfo Saracci dispels some of the myths surrounding the study of epidemiology. He provides a general explanation of the principles behind clinical trials, and explains the nature of basic statistics concerning disease. He also looks at the ethical and political issues related to obtaining and using information concerning patients, and trials involving placebos. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Immune System: a Very Short Introduction by Paul Klenerman

The Immune System: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Immune System: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Paul Klenerman
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019875390X
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The immune system is central to human health and the focus of much medical research. Growing understanding of the immune system, and especially the creation of immune memory (long lasting protection), which can be harnessed in the design of vaccines, have been major breakthroughs in medicine. In this Very Short Introduction, Paul Klenerman describes the immune system, and how it works in health and disease. In particular he focuses on the human immune system, considering how it evolved, the basic rules that govern its behavior, and the major health threats where it is important. The immune system comprises a series of organs, cells and chemical messengers which work together as a team to provide defence against infection. Klenerman discusses these components, the critical signals that trigger them and how they exert their protective effects, including so-called "innate" immune responses, which react very fast to infection, and "adaptive" immune responses, which have huge diversity and a capacity to recognize and defend against a massive array of micro-organisms. Klenerman also considers what happens when our immune systems fail to be activated effectively, leading to serious infections, problems with inherited diseases, and also HIV/AIDS. At the opposite extreme, as Klenerman shows, an over-exaggerated immune response leads to inflammatory diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis and Rheumatoid Arthritis, as well as allergy and asthma. Finally he looks at the "Immune system v2.o" - how immune therapies and vaccines can be advanced to protect us against the major diseases of the 21st century. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Pandemics by Christian W. McMillen

Pandemics
  • Title : Pandemics
  • Author : Christian W. McMillen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199340072
  • Pages : 153
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: Plague -- Chapter 2: Smallpox -- Chapter 3: Malaria -- Chapter 4: Cholera -- Chapter 5: Tuberculosis -- Chapter 6: Influenza -- Chapter 7: HIV/AIDS -- References -- Further Reading -- Index


HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction by Alan Whiteside

HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Alan Whiteside
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0192806920
  • Pages : 147
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

HIV/AIDS is without doubt the worst epidemic to hit humankind since the Black Death. Despite rapid scientific advances, there is still no cure and the drugs are expensive and toxic. In some of the worst affected countries, life expectancy has plummeted to below 35 years, which has led to a serious decline in economic growth, a sharp rise in orphaning, and the imminent collapse of health care systems. This Very Short Introduction tackles the science, the international and local politics, the fascinating demographics, and the devastating consequences of the disease, and explores how we have - and must - respond.


An Introduction to Infectious Disease Modelling by Emilia Vynnycky,Richard White

An Introduction to Infectious Disease Modelling
  • Title : An Introduction to Infectious Disease Modelling
  • Author : Emilia Vynnycky,Richard White
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198565763
  • Pages : 370
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Mathematical models are increasingly being used to examine questions in infectious disease control. Applications include predicting the impact of vaccination strategies against common infections and determining optimal control strategies against HIV and pandemic influenza. This book introduces individuals interested in infectious diseases to this exciting and expanding area. The mathematical level of the book is kept as simple as possible, which makes the book accessible to those who have not studied mathematics to university level. Understanding is further enhanced by models that can be accessed online, which will allow readers to explore the impact of different factors and control strategies, and further adapt and develop the models themselves. The book is based on successful courses developed by the authors at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. It will be of interest to epidemiologists, public health researchers, policy makers, veterinary scientists, medical statisticians and infectious disease researchers.


Viruses by Dorothy H. Crawford

Viruses
  • Title : Viruses
  • Author : Dorothy H. Crawford
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198811713
  • Pages : 158
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Viruses are big news. From pandemics such as HIV, swine flu, and SARS, we are constantly being bombarded with information about new lethal infections. In this Very Short Introduction, Dorothy Crawford demonstrates from their discovery and the unravelling of their intricate structures, how clever these entities really are.


Dementia: a Very Short Introduction by Kathleen Taylor

Dementia: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Dementia: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Kathleen Taylor
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198825781
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

As more of us live longer, the fear of an old age devastated by brain diseases like dementia is growing. Many people are already facing the challenges posed by these progressive and terminal conditions, whether in person or because they are caring for loved ones. Dementia is now the fifth most common cause of death across the world. It is a small wonder that understanding, preventing, and finally curing these illnesses is now a global priority. Recent advances in brain research have given scientists a better chance than ever of finding ways to help patients, carers, and clinicians dealing with dementia. Yet there is still no effective treatment. Why has progress been so slow? And what can we all do to reduce our chances of getting the disease? In this Very Short Introduction Kathleen Taylor offers a guide to the science of dementia and brain ageing. Never forgetting the human costs of brain disorders - movingly illustrated throughout the book - she also discusses their costs to society. Clearly explaining the research, she sets out the main ideas which have driven dementia science, and the new contenders hoping to make a breakthrough. Taylor also looks at risk factors, and how to lower our chances of succumbing to dementia. Assessing current and potential treatments, including both drugs and other approaches, she explains, clearly and gently, what help is available for someone who is diagnosed with dementia, and how to boost the chances of living well with the condition. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Drugs: A Very Short Introduction by Leslie Iversen

Drugs: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Drugs: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Leslie Iversen
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191579467
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The book gives a non-technical account of how drugs work in the body. The twentieth century saw a remarkable upsurge of research on drugs, with major advances in the treatment of bacterial and viral infections, heart disease, stomac ulcers, cancer, and metal illnesses. These, along with the introduction of the oral contraceptive, have altered all of our lives. There has also been an increase in the recreational use and abuse of drugs in the Western world. The book reviews both legal (alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine) and illegal drugs and disscusses current idea about why some are addictive, and whether drug laws need reform. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Microbiology by Nicholas P. Money

Microbiology
  • Title : Microbiology
  • Author : Nicholas P. Money
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199681686
  • Pages : 122
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Describes the expansions of microbiology; it's methods, from traditional microscopy and laboratory culture to the latest genomic analysis.


Cancer: A Very Short Introduction by Nick James,Nicholas James

Cancer: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Cancer: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Nick James,Nicholas James
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199560234
  • Pages : 137
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In 1961 John F. Kennedy pledged to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. Ten years later, Richard Nixon echoed this pledge by declaring a 'war' on cancer. More than 30 years later, however, cancer remains one of the largest causes of death worldwide, with around 1 in 3 developing the disease.


Enzymes: a Very Short Introduction by Paul Engel

Enzymes: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Enzymes: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Paul Engel
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019882498X
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Enzymes are the molecular machines that make life possible. Working as catalysts, teams of enzymes carry out the processes that power the bodies of living things, from making DNA to digesting food. This book explains what enzymes are, what they do, and how they do it, from enzymes inside our cells to those in washing powders and food production.


Modeling and Control of Infectious Diseases in the Host by Esteban A. Hernandez-Vargas

Modeling and Control of Infectious Diseases in the Host
  • Title : Modeling and Control of Infectious Diseases in the Host
  • Author : Esteban A. Hernandez-Vargas
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • ISBN Code : 0128130520
  • Pages : 220
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Modeling and Control of Infectious Diseases in the Host: With MATLAB and R provides a holistic understanding of health and disease by presenting topics on quantitative decision-making that influence the development of drugs. The book presents modeling advances in different viral infections, dissecting detailed contributions of key players, along with their respective interactions. By combining tailored in vivo experiments and mathematical modeling approaches, the book clarifies the relative contributions of different underlying mechanisms within hosts of the most lethal viral infections, including HIV, influenza and Ebola. Illustrative examples for parameter fitting, modeling and control applications are explained using MATLAB and R. Provides a multi-scale framework to link within-host infection dynamics (individual level) to between-host transmission fitness (epidemiological level) in viral infectious diseases Includes PK/PD modeling and simulation approaches to improve efficiency and decision-making at preclinical development phases Presents a theoretic approach to schedule drug treatments


Big Data: a Very Short Introduction by Dawn E. Holmes

Big Data: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Big Data: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Dawn E. Holmes
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198779577
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Since long before computers were even thought of, data has been collected and organized by diverse cultures across the world. Once access to the Internet became a reality for large swathes of the world's population, the amount of data generated each day became huge, and continues to grow exponentially. It includes all our uploaded documents, video, and photos, all our social media traffic, our online shopping, even the GPS data from our cars. "Big Data" represents a qualitative change, not simply a quantitative one. The term refers both to the new technologies involved, and to the way it can be used by business and government. Dawn E. Holmes uses a variety of case studies to explain how data is stored, analyzed, and exploited by a variety of bodies from big companies to organizations concerned with disease control. Big data is transforming the way businesses operate, and the way medical research can be carried out. At the same time, it raises important ethical issues; Holmes discusses cases such as the Snowden affair, data security, and domestic smart devices which can be hijacked by hackers. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Infectious Diseases of Humans by Roy M. Anderson,Robert M. May

Infectious Diseases of Humans
  • Title : Infectious Diseases of Humans
  • Author : Roy M. Anderson,Robert M. May
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780198540403
  • Pages : 757
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Combines mathematical models with extensive use of epidemiological and other data to achieve a better understanding of the overall dynamics of populations of pathogens or parasites and their human hosts, thus providing an analytic framework for evaluating public health strategies.


Infectious Disease Surveillance by Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha,Ruth Lynfield,Chris A. Van Beneden,Henriette de Valk

Infectious Disease Surveillance
  • Title : Infectious Disease Surveillance
  • Author : Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha,Ruth Lynfield,Chris A. Van Beneden,Henriette de Valk
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 1118543521
  • Pages : 720
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This fully updated edition of Infectious DiseaseSurveillance is for frontline public health practitioners,epidemiologists, and clinical microbiologists who are engaged incommunicable disease control. It is also a foundational textfor trainees in public health, applied epidemiology, postgraduatemedicine and nursing programs. The second edition portrays both the conceptual framework andpractical aspects of infectious disease surveillance. It is acomprehensive resource designed to improve the tracking ofinfectious diseases and to serve as a starting point in thedevelopment of new surveillance systems. Infectious DiseaseSurveillance includes over 45 chapters from over 100contributors, and topics organized into six sections based on majorthemes. Section One highlights the critical role surveillanceplays in public health and it provides an overview of the currentInternational Health Regulations (2005) in addition to successesand challenges in infectious disease eradication. Section Two describes surveillance systems based onlogical program areas such as foodborne illnesses, vector-bornediseases, sexually transmitted diseases, viral hepatitis healthcareand transplantation associated infections. Attention is devoted toprograms for monitoring unexplained deaths, agents of bioterrorism,mass gatherings, and disease associated with internationaltravel. Sections Three and Four explore the uses of the Internetand wireless technologies to advance infectious diseasesurveillance in various settings with emphasis on best practicesbased on deployed systems. They also address molecular laboratorymethods, and statistical and geospatial analysis, and evaluation ofsystems for early epidemic detection. Sections Five and Six discuss legal and ethicalconsiderations, communication strategies and appliedepidemiology-training programs. The rest of the chapters offerpublic-private partnerships, as well lessons from the 2009-2010H1N1 influenza pandemic and future directions for infectiousdisease surveillance.


Mathematical Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases by O. Diekmann,J. A. P. Heesterbeek

Mathematical Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases
  • Title : Mathematical Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases
  • Author : O. Diekmann,J. A. P. Heesterbeek
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 9780471492412
  • Pages : 303
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Mathematical Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases Model Building, Analysis and Interpretation O. Diekmann University of Utrecht, The Netherlands J. A. P. Heesterbeek Centre for Biometry Wageningen, The Netherlands The mathematical modelling of epidemics in populations is a vast and important area of study. It is about translating biological assumptions into mathematics, about mathematical analysis aided by interpretation and about obtaining insight into epidemic phenomena when translating mathematical results back into population biology. Model assumptions are formulated in terms of, usually stochastic, behaviour of individuals and then the resulting phenomena, at the population level, are unravelled. Conceptual clarity is attained, assumptions are stated clearly, hidden working hypotheses are attained and mechanistic links between different observables are exposed. Features: * Model construction, analysis and interpretation receive detailed attention * Uniquely covers both deterministic and stochastic viewpoints * Examples of applications given throughout * Extensive coverage of the latest research into the mathematical modelling of epidemics of infectious diseases * Provides a solid foundation of modelling skills The reader will learn to translate, model, analyse and interpret, with the help of the numerous exercises. In literally working through this text, the reader acquires modelling skills that are also valuable outside of epidemiology, certainly within population dynamics, but even beyond that. In addition, the reader receives training in mathematical argumentation. The text is aimed at applied mathematicians with an interest in population biology and epidemiology, at theoretical biologists and epidemiologists. Previous exposure to epidemic concepts is not required, as all background information is given. The book is primarily aimed at self-study and ideally suited for small discussion groups, or for use as a course text.


Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease by Steven A. Frank

Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease
  • Title : Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease
  • Author : Steven A. Frank
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780691095950
  • Pages : 348
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction by David C. Catling

Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : David C. Catling
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199586454
  • Pages : 142
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Examines the origins of life on Earth and the search for extraterrestrial life, through an understanding of the factors that have allowed life to exist on this planet and the commonalities on others that may enable life elsewhere.


Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases by Michel Tibayrenc

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases
  • Title : Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases
  • Author : Michel Tibayrenc
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • ISBN Code : 9780123848901
  • Pages : 749
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This multidisciplinary book is at the crossroads between two major scientific fields of the 21st century: evolutionary biology and infectious diseases. The genomic revolution has upset modern biology and has revolutionized our approach to ancient disciplines such as evolutionary studies. In particular, this revolution is profoundly changing our view on genetically driven human phenotypic diversity, and this is especially true in disease genetic susceptibility. Infectious diseases are indisputably the major challenge of medicine. When looking globally, they are the number one killer of humans and therefore the main selective pressure exerted on our species. Even in industrial countries, infectious diseases are now far less under control than 20 years ago. The first part of this book covers the main features and applications of modern technologies in the study of infectious diseases. The second part provides detailed information on a number of the key infectious diseases such as malaria, SARS, avian flu, HIV, tuberculosis, nosocomial infections and a few other pathogens that will be taken as examples to illustrate the power of modern technologies and the value of evolutionary approaches. Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases Includes contributions from leading authorities Provides the latest developments in the field


Plague: A Very Short Introduction by Paul Slack

Plague: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Plague: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Paul Slack
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199589542
  • Pages : 138
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this very short introduction, Paul Slack explores the historical and cultural impact of plague over the centuries. He examines not only its identity, causes, and effects, but also how it changed the lives of those who suffered from it, and the important impact it had on our notions of public health


The Infectious Diseases Manual by David Wilks,Mark Farrington,David Rubenstein

The Infectious Diseases Manual
  • Title : The Infectious Diseases Manual
  • Author : David Wilks,Mark Farrington,David Rubenstein
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 047075723X
  • Pages : 432
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Infectious Diseases Manual is a concise and up-to-date guide to infectious diseases, medical microbiology and antibiotic prescribing "I have no hesitation in recommending this book to practitioners of all grades." Journal of Hospital Infection ".....a valuable companion.......should not be missing in any medical library." Infection "...... an excellent and extremely portable reference text..." Journal of Medical Microbiology WHY BUY THIS BOOK? Invaluable source of reference for day-to-day clinical use Integrated information about clinical infectious diseases, microbiology and antibiotic prescribing Clear and systematic layout using a standard format for each section allowing rapid access to key information


The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases by Kenneth H. Mayer,H.F. Pizer

The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases
  • Title : The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases
  • Author : Kenneth H. Mayer,H.F. Pizer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • ISBN Code : 9780080557144
  • Pages : 528
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases explores how human activities enable microbes to disseminate and evolve, thereby creating favorable conditions for the diverse manifestations of communicable diseases. Today, infectious and parasitic diseases cause about one-third of deaths and are the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The speed that changes in human behavior can produce epidemics is well illustrated by AIDS, but this is only one of numerous microbial threats whose severity and spread are determined by human behaviors. In this book, forty experts in the fields of infectious diseases, the life sciences and public health explore how demography, geography, migration, travel, environmental change, natural disaster, sexual behavior, drug use, food production and distribution, medical technology, training and preparedness, as well as governance, human conflict and social dislocation influence current and likely future epidemics. Provides essential understanding of current and future epidemics Presents a crossover perspective for disciplines in the medical and social sciences and public policy, including public health, infectious diseases, population science, epidemiology, microbiology, food safety, defense preparedness and humanitarian relief Creates a new perspective on ecology based on the interaction of microbes and human activities


Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction by Philip Mladenov

Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Marine Biology: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Philip Mladenov
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019884171X
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The oceans are our planet's most distinctive and imposing natural habitat. They cover 71 percent of its surface; support a remarkably diverse and exquisitely adapted array of life forms, from microscopic viruses, bacteria, and plankton to the largest existing animals; and possess many of Earth's most significant, intriguing, and inaccessible ecosystems. In an era in which humans are significantly altering the global environment, the oceans are undergoing rapid and profound changes. The study of marine biology is thus taking on added importance and urgency as people struggle to understand and manage these changes to protect our marine ecosystems. Healthy oceans produce half of the oxygen we breathe; stabilize our climate; create ecosystems that protect our coasts from storms; provide us with abundant food; and host diverse organisms that provide us with natural products for medicine and biotechnology. In this Very Short Introduction, marine biologist Philip Mladenov provides an accessible and up-to-date overview of marine biology, offering a tour of marine life and marine processes that ranges from the unimaginably abundant microscopic organisms that drive the oceans' food web to the apex predators that we exploit for food; from polar ocean ecosystems to tropical coral reefs; and from the luxurious kelp beds of the coastal ocean to deep-ocean hydrothermal vents where life exists without the energy of the sun. Throughout the book he considers the human impacts on marine life including overfishing, plastic and nutrient pollution, the spread of exotic species, and ocean warming and acidification. He discusses the threats these pose to our welfare, and the actions required to put us on a path to a more sustainable relationship with our oceans so that they can be restored and protected for future generations. Mladenov concludes with a new chapter offering an inspiring vision for the future of our oceans in 2050 that can be realised if we are wise enough to accelerate actions already underway and be bold with implementing new approaches. The next decade will decide the state of the oceans that we leave behind for future generations. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Drugs by Les Iversen

Drugs
  • Title : Drugs
  • Author : Les Iversen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198745796
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The twentieth century saw a remarkable upsurge of research on drugs, with major advances in the treatment of bacterial and viral infections, heart disease, stomach ulcers, cancer, and metal illnesses. These, along with the introduction of the oral contraceptive, have altered all of our lives. There has also been an increase in the recreational use and abuse of drugs in the Western world. This Very Short Introduction, in its second edition, gives a non-technical account of how drugs work in the body. Reviewing both legal (alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine) and illegal drugs, Les Iversen disscusses why some are addictive, and whether drug laws need reform. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Public Health: A Very Short Introduction by Virginia Berridge

Public Health: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Public Health: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Virginia Berridge
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0191002143
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Public health is a term much used in the media, by health professionals, and by activists. At the national or the local level there are ministries or departments of public health, whilst international agencies such as the World Health Organisation promote public health policies, and regional organisations such as the European Union have public health funding and policies. But what do we mean when we speak about 'public health'? In this Very Short Introduction Virginia Berridge explores the areas which fall under the remit of public health, and explains how the individual histories of different countries have come to cause great differences in the perception of the role and responsibilities of public health organisations. Thus, in the United States litigation on public health issues is common, but state involvement is less, while some Scandinavian countries have a tradition of state involvement or even state ownership of industries such as alcohol in connection with public health. In its narrowest sense, public health can refer to the health of a population, the longevity of individual members, and their freedom from disease, but it can also be anticipatory, geared to the prevention of illness, rather than simply the provision of care and treatment. In the way public health deals with healthy as well as sick people it is therefore a separate concept from health services, which deal with the sick population. Drawing on a wide range of international examples, Berridge demonstrates the central role of history to understanding the amorphous nature of public health today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Infectious Disease Epidemiology by Professor of Infectious Disease Epidemiology Laura Rodrigues

Infectious Disease Epidemiology
  • Title : Infectious Disease Epidemiology
  • Author : Professor of Infectious Disease Epidemiology Laura Rodrigues
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198719833
  • Pages : 416
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Infectious Disease Epidemiology provides a concise reference for practicing epidemiologists, and provides trainee readers with a thorough understanding of basic the concepts which are critical to understanding specialist areas of infectious disease epidemiology. Divided into two sections, part one of the book covers a comprehensive list of methods relevant to the study of infectious disease epidemiology, organised in order of increasing complexity, from a general introduction, to subjects such as mathematical modelling and sero-epidemiology. Part two addresses major infectious diseases that are of global significance due to their current burden or their potential for causing morbidity and mortality. The examples have been selected and grouped into chapters based on the route of transmission. This practical guide will be essential reading for postgraduate students in infectious disease epidemiology, health protection trainees.


Emerging Infectious Diseases and Society by Peter Washer

Emerging Infectious Diseases and Society
  • Title : Emerging Infectious Diseases and Society
  • Author : Peter Washer
  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN Code : 9781137471918
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Shortlisted for the British Sociological Association's Sociology of Health and Illness Book Prize in 2011 By the 1970s, medicine appeared to have conquered infectious diseases. A century before, newly discovered germ theory had laid the foundations for advances in vaccines and antibiotics, but deaths and illness from infectious diseases had been declining in the developed world even before this 'golden age' of medicine. Infectious diseases were perceived as archaic, and future health threats seemed to come from so-called diseases of civilization, such as heart disease and cancer. The appearance of AIDS in the early 1980s radically reversed that trend, and since then over thirty new infectious diseases have been classified, including mad cow disease and antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria, such as MRSA. Furthermore, old threats, such as tuberculosis, have re-emerged as they have become immune to established treatments. This fascinating study, now in paperback with a new preface, charts the rise of new infectious diseases and examines the cultural context and anxieties that surround their emergence, revealing the underlying social and political concerns that determine our response to disease in the twenty-first century.


Molecular Tools and Infectious Disease Epidemiology by Betsy Foxman

Molecular Tools and Infectious Disease Epidemiology
  • Title : Molecular Tools and Infectious Disease Epidemiology
  • Author : Betsy Foxman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780080920849
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Molecular Tools and Infectious Disease Epidemiology examines the opportunities and methodologic challenges in the application of modern molecular genetic and biologic techniques to infectious disease epidemiology. The application of these techniques dramatically improves the measurement of disease and putative risk factors, increasing our ability to detect and track outbreaks, identify risk factors and detect new infectious agents. However, integration of these techniques into epidemiologic studies also poses new challenges in the design, conduct, and analysis. This book presents the key points of consideration when integrating molecular biology and epidemiology; discusses how using molecular tools in epidemiologic research affects program design and conduct; considers the ethical concerns that arise in molecular epidemiologic studies; and provides a context for understanding and interpreting scientific literature as a foundation for subsequent practical experience in the laboratory and in the field. The book is recommended for graduate and advanced undergraduate students studying infectious disease epidemiology and molecular epidemiology; and for the epidemiologist wishing to integrate molecular techniques into his or her studies. Presents the key points of consideration when integrating molecular biology and epidemiology Discusses how using molecular tools in epidemiologic research affects program design and conduct Considers the ethical concerns that arise in molecular epidemiologic studies Provides a context for understanding and interpreting scientific literature as a foundation for subsequent practical experience in the laboratory and in the field


Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases by Michel Tibayrenc

Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases
  • Title : Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases
  • Author : Michel Tibayrenc
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 9780470114193
  • Pages : 480
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Discover how the application of novel multidisciplinary, integrative approaches and technologies are dramatically changing our understanding of the pathogenesis of infectious diseases and their treatments. Each article presents the state of the science, with a strong emphasis on new and emerging medical applications. The Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases is organized into five parts. The first part examines current threats such as AIDS, malaria, SARS, and influenza. The second part addresses the evolution of pathogens and the relationship between human genetic diversity and the spread of infectious diseases. The next two parts highlight the most promising uses of molecular identification, vector control, satellite detection, surveillance, modeling, and high-throughput technologies. The final part explores specialized topics of current concern, including bioterrorism, world market and infectious diseases, and antibiotics for public health. Each article is written by one or more leading experts in the field of infectious diseases. These experts place all the latest findings from various disciplines in context, helping readers understand what is currently known, what the next generation of breakthroughs is likely to be, and where more research is needed. Several features facilitate research and deepen readers' understanding of infectious diseases: Illustrations help readers understand the pathogenesis and diagnosis of infectious diseases Lists of Web resources serve as a gateway to important research centers, government agencies, and other sources of information from around the world Information boxes highlight basic principles and specialized terminology International contributions offer perspectives on how infectious diseases are viewed by different cultures A special chapter discusses the representation of infectious diseases in art With its multidisciplinary approach, this encyclopedia helps point researchers in new promising directions and helps health professionals better understand the nature and treatment of infectious diseases.


Infectious Diseases and Arthropods by Jerome Goddard

Infectious Diseases and Arthropods
  • Title : Infectious Diseases and Arthropods
  • Author : Jerome Goddard
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9781603274005
  • Pages : 251
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this second edition of Infectious Diseases and Arthropods, Jerome Goddard summarizes the latest thinking about the biological, entomological, and clinical aspects of the major vector-borne diseases around the world. His book covers mosquito-, tick-, and flea-borne diseases, and a variety of other miscellaneous vector-borne diseases, including Chagas' disease, African sleeping sickness, onchocerciasis, scrub typhus, and louse-borne infections. The author provides for each disease a description of the vector involved, notes on its biology and ecology, distribution maps, and general clinical guidelines for treatment and control. Among the diseases fully discussed are malaria, dengue and yellow fevers, lymphatic filariasis, spotted fevers, ehrlichiosis, lyme disease, tularemia, and plague. Other arthropod-caused or related problems-such as myiasis, imaginary insect or mite infestations, and arthropod stings and bites-are also treated. At a time when vector-borne diseases are spreading ever more widely, Infectious Diseases and Arthropods provides physicians, infectious disease specialists, medical entomologists, and public health officials with an up-to-date, readily accessible, gold-standard reference source.


Human Infectious Disease and Public Health by William Fullick

Human Infectious Disease and Public Health
  • Title : Human Infectious Disease and Public Health
  • Author : William Fullick
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198814380
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Infectious disease will affect most of us at some point in our lives, despite tremendous advances in medicine over the past century. We all still fall ill from pathogens in our everyday environments - but many of us now survive infections which would have proved fatal in the past. Our understanding of the nature of infectious diseases continues to grow - as does our understanding of the human immune system. We continue to develop drugs and public health regimens to attempt to treat or prevent more and more diseases from causing acute sickness and/or long-term health problems - and indeed, we have been successful at eradicating (or almost eradicating) a number of previously common illnesses over the past fifty years. This text explores the structure and function of each distinct type of pathogen (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and prion disease), as well as the biochemical processes taking place when an infection is caused by any of these agents. It goes on to look at the role the human immune system plays in preventing, containing and destroying pathogens which enter the human body, using up to date research to ensure that students are abreast of the most recent developments in immunology. The text also examines the "evolutionary arms race" between human beings and infectious disease, looking at genetic traits which confer protection against some infectious diseases, and how pathogens are constantly changing to work around our defences. The final section of the primer explores disease prevention and treatment - antibiotics, antivirals and antifungal agents and their mechanisms of action; public health and vaccination; the dangers of antibiotic resistance; and potential sources for new antimicrobial agents around the world. Online resources For students: TBC] For teachers: Artwork from the book in easy-to-download format, for use in class materials and handouts


Viral Infections and Global Change by Sunit Kumar Singh

Viral Infections and Global Change
  • Title : Viral Infections and Global Change
  • Author : Sunit Kumar Singh
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 1118297520
  • Pages : 660
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A timely exploration of the impact of global change on theemergence, reemergence, and control of vector-borne and zoonoticviral infections From massively destructive "superstorms" to rapidly rising sealevels, the world media is abuzz with talk of the threats tocivilization posed by global warming. But one hazard that is rarelydiscussed is the dramatic rise in the number and magnitude oftropical virus outbreaks among human populations. One need onlyconsider recent developments, such as the spread of chikungunyaacross southern Europe and dengue in Singapore, Brazil, and thesouthern United States, to appreciate the seriousness of thatthreat. Representing a major addition to the world literature on thesubject, Viral Infections and GlobalChange explores trends of paramount concern globally,regarding the emergence and reemergence of vector-borne andzoonotic viruses. It also provides up-to-date coverage of both theclinical aspects and basic science behind an array of specificemerging and reemerging infections, including everything from WestNile fever and Rift Valley fever to zoonotic hepatitis E and humanbunyavirus. Important topics covered include: ulstyle="line-height: 25px; margin-left: 15px; margin-top: 0px; font-family: Arial; font-size: 13.333333969116211px;" Epidemiology, molecular pathogenesis, and evolutionarymechanisms Host-pathogen interactions in an array of viral infections The impact of climate change on historical viral outbreaks The roles of socioeconomics, human behavior, and animal andhuman migrations The growing prevalence of drug and pesticide resistance The introduction of microbes and vectors through increasedtransboundary travel Spillover transmissions and the emergence of viraloutbreaks Detecting and responding to threats from bioterrorism andemerging viral infections Predictive modeling for emerging viral infections Viral Infections and Global Change is anindispensable resource for research scientists, epidemiologists,and medical and veterinary students working in ecology,environmental management, climatology, neurovirology, virology, andinfectious disease.


Evidence-Based Infectious Diseases by Dominik Mertz,Fiona Smaill,Nick Daneman

Evidence-Based Infectious Diseases
  • Title : Evidence-Based Infectious Diseases
  • Author : Dominik Mertz,Fiona Smaill,Nick Daneman
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 1119260310
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Written by an international team of authors specializing in microbiology and infectious disease, this new edition of Evidenced-based Infectious Diseases presents practical, up-to-date information on the care of individual patients suffering from infectious diseases. Each chapter addresses a series of focused clinical questions addressed in a systematic fashion, including a comprehensive literature search, and a rating of the quality of evidence using principles of the GRADE framework. Evidence-Based Infectious Diseases is the ideal reference work for all those involved with microbiology, infectious diseases, and clinical management.


Hunter's Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases E-Book by Edward T Ryan,David R Hill,Tom Solomon,Timothy P Endy,Naomi Aronson

Hunter's Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases E-Book
  • Title : Hunter's Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases E-Book
  • Author : Edward T Ryan,David R Hill,Tom Solomon,Timothy P Endy,Naomi Aronson
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • ISBN Code : 0323625509
  • Pages : 1264
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

New emerging diseases, new diagnostic modalities for resource-poor settings, new vaccine schedules ... all significant, recent developments in the fast-changing field of tropical medicine. Hunter’s Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10th Edition, keeps you up to date with everything from infectious diseases and environmental issues through poisoning and toxicology, animal injuries, and nutritional and micronutrient deficiencies that result from traveling to tropical or subtropical regions. This comprehensive resource provides authoritative clinical guidance, useful statistics, and chapters covering organs, skills, and services, as well as traditional pathogen-based content. You’ll get a full understanding of how to recognize and treat these unique health issues, no matter how widespread or difficult to control. Includes important updates on malaria, leishmaniasis, tuberculosis and HIV, as well as coverage of Ebola, Zika virus, Chikungunya, and other emerging pathogens. Provides new vaccine schedules and information on implementation. Features five all-new chapters: Neglected Tropical Diseases: Public Health Control Programs and Mass Drug Administration; Health System and Health Care Delivery; Zika; Medical Entomology; and Vector Control – as well as 250 new images throughout. Presents the common characteristics and methods of transmission for each tropical disease, as well as the applicable diagnosis, treatment, control, and disease prevention techniques. Contains skills-based chapters such as dentistry, neonatal pediatrics and ICMI, and surgery in the tropics, and service-based chapters such as transfusion in resource-poor settings, microbiology, and imaging. Discusses maladies such as delusional parasitosis that are often seen in returning travelers, including those making international adoptions, transplant patients, medical tourists, and more.


The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease by Christon J. Hurst

The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease
  • Title : The Connections Between Ecology and Infectious Disease
  • Author : Christon J. Hurst
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319923730
  • Pages : 317
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book summarizes current advances in our understanding of how infectious disease represents an ecological interaction between a pathogenic microorganism and the host species in which that microbe causes illness. The contributing authors explain that pathogenic microorganisms often also have broader ecological connections, which can include a natural environmental presence; possible transmission by vehicles such as air, water, and food; and interactions with other host species, including vectors for which the microbe either may or may not be pathogenic. This field of science has been dubbed disease ecology, and the chapters that examine it have been grouped into three sections. The first section introduces both the role of biological community interactions and the impact of biodiversity on infectious disease. In turn, the second section considers those diseases directly affecting humans, with a focus on waterborne and foodborne illnesses, while also examining the critical aspect of microbial biofilms. Lastly, the third section presents the ecology of infectious diseases from the perspective of their impact on mammalian livestock and wildlife as well as on humans. Given its breadth of coverage, the volume offers a valuable resource for microbial ecologists and biomedical scientists alike.