Intersexuality And The Law

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Intersexuality and the Law

Intersexuality and the Law Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814738605
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Intersexuality and the Law by , Summary

Winner of the 2013 Bullough Award presented by the Foundation for the Scientific Study of Sexuality The term “intersex” evokes diverse images, typically of people who are both male and female or neither male nor female. Neither vision is accurate. The millions of people with an intersex condition, or DSD (disorder of sex development), are men or women whose sex chromosomes, gonads, or sex anatomy do not fit clearly into the male/female binary norm. Until recently, intersex conditions were shrouded in shame and secrecy: many adults were unaware that they had been born with an intersex condition and those who did know were advised to hide the truth. Current medical protocols and societal treatment of people with an intersex condition are based upon false stereotypes about sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, and disability, which create unique challenges to framing effective legal claims and building a strong cohesive movement. In Intersexuality and the Law, Julie A. Greenberg examines the role that legal institutions can play in protecting the rights of people with an intersex condition. She also explores the relationship between the intersex movement and other social justice movements that have effectively utilized legal strategies to challenge similar discriminatory practices. She discusses the feasibility of forming effective alliances and developing mutually beneficial legal arguments with feminists, LGBT organizations, and disability rights advocates to eradicate the discrimination suffered by these marginalized groups.

Ethics and Intersex

Ethics and Intersex Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sharon E. Sytsma
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402043147
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Ethics and Intersex by Sharon E. Sytsma Summary

This collection of 21 articles is designed to serve as a state-of-the art reference book for intersexuals, their parents, health care professionals, ethics committee members, and anyone interested in problems associated with intersexuality. It fills an important need because of its uniqueness as an interdisciplinary effort, bringing together not just urologists and endocrinologists, but gynecologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, lawyers, theologians, gender theorists, medical historians, and philosophers. Most contributors are well-known experts on intersexuality in their respective fields. The book is also unique in that it is also an international effort, including authors from England, the Netherlands, Germany, Australia, India, Canada and the United States. The book begins with introductory chapters on the etiology of intersex conditions, conceptual clarification, legal issues, and reflections about the inherent characteristics of medical care that have led up to the issues we face today and explain the resistance to change in traditional practices. Researchers provide recent data on gender identity, surgical outcomes, and appropriate clinical care. Issues never having been addressed are introduced. The significance of intersexuality for Christianity and for philosophical concerns with authenticity add further depth to the collection. The final chapters deal with future possibilities in the treatment of intersex and for intersex advocacy.

Sexuality and Transsexuality Under the European Convention on Human Rights

Sexuality and Transsexuality Under the European Convention on Human Rights Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Damian A Gonzalez Salzberg
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509914943
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Sexuality and Transsexuality Under the European Convention on Human Rights by Damian A Gonzalez Salzberg Summary

This book undertakes a critical analysis of international human rights law through the lens of queer theory. It pursues two main aims: first, to make use of queer theory to illustrate that the field of human rights law is underpinned by several assumptions that determine a conception of the subject that is gendered and sexual in specific ways. This gives rise to multiple legal and social consequences, some of which challenge the very idea of universality of human rights. Second, the book proposes that human rights law can actually benefit from a better understanding of queer critiques, since queer insights can help it to overcome heteronormative beliefs currently held. In order to achieve these main aims, the book focuses on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, the leading legal authority in the field of international human rights law. The use of queer theory as the theoretical approach for these tasks serves to deconstruct several aspects of the Court's jurisprudence dealing with gender, sexuality, and kinship, to later suggest potential paths to reconstruct such features in a queer(er) and more universal manner.

Routledge Handbook of Family Law and Policy, 2nd edition

Routledge Handbook of Family Law and Policy, 2nd edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Eekelaar,Rob George
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000096505
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Routledge Handbook of Family Law and Policy, 2nd edition by John Eekelaar,Rob George Summary

Changes in family structures, demographics, social attitudes and economic policies over the last sixty years have had a large impact on family lives and correspondingly on family law. The second edition of this Handbook draws upon recent developments to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date global perspective on the policy challenges facing family law and policy round the world.The chapters apply legal, sociological, demographic and social work research to explore the most significant issues that have been commanding the attention of family law policy-makers in recent years. Featuring contributions from a range of renowned global experts, the book draws on multiple jurisdictions and offers comparative analysis across a range of countries. The book addresses a range of issues including the role of the state in supporting families and protecting the vulnerable, children’s rights and parental authority, sexual orientation, same-sex unions and gender in family law, the status of marriage and other forms of adult relationships. It also focuses on divorce and separation and their consequences, the relationship between civil law and the law of minority groups, refugees, migrants and movement of family members between jurisdictions along with assisted conception, surrogacy and adoption. This advanced level reference work will be essential reading for students, researchers and scholars of family law and social policy as well as policy makers in the field.

Cuts and Criminality

Cuts and Criminality Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Theodore Bennett
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317155408
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Cuts and Criminality by Theodore Bennett Summary

This book investigates how and why the criminal law differentiates between different types of body alterations, with particular reference to how they are conceptualised within legal discourse. By drawing connections between types of body alteration that have traditionally been considered separately and discretely, the book allows analytical conclusions to be made about the law’s treatment of the general category of ’body alteration’ rather than merely about specific types of body alteration. Taking legal discourse as its analytical focus, the author critically examines a number of case studies to determine the techniques and processes by which some body alterations are discursively constructed as legitimate and legally approved, and by which other body alterations are discursively constructed as illegitimate and legally sanctioned. Specifically, the body alterations that are addressed include sadomasochistic injuries; female genital modification and male circumcision; cosmetic surgery, body modification and healthy limb amputation; and sex reassignment surgery and genital ’normalisation’ surgery. International in scope, the discursive analysis in the book will be of interest to academics and researchers working in the areas of socio-legal and cultural studies.

Intersex, Theology, and the Bible

Intersex, Theology, and the Bible Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Susannah Cornwall
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137349018
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Intersex, Theology, and the Bible by Susannah Cornwall Summary

Intersex bodies have been figured as troubling by doctors, parents, religious institutions and society at large. In this book, scholars draw on constructive and pastoral theologies, biblical studies, and sociology, suggesting intersex's capacity to 'trouble' is positive, challenging unquestioned norms and assumptions in religion and beyond.

Sex Difference in Christian Theology

Sex Difference in Christian Theology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Megan K. DeFranza
Editor: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 146744295X
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Sex Difference in Christian Theology by Megan K. DeFranza Summary

How different are men and women? When does it matter to us -- or to God? Are male and female the only two options? In Sex Difference in Christian Theology Megan DeFranza explores such questions in light of the Bible, theology, and science. Many Christians, entrenched in culture wars over sexual ethics, are either ignorant of the existence of intersex persons or avoid the inherent challenge they bring to the assumption that everybody is born after the pattern of either Adam or Eve. DeFranza argues, from a conservative theological standpoint, that all people are made in the image of God -- male, female, and intersex -- and that we must listen to and learn from the voices of the intersexed among us.

LGBTQ Americans in the U.S. Political System: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Voters, Candidates, and Officeholders [2 volumes]

LGBTQ Americans in the U.S. Political System: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Voters, Candidates, and Officeholders [2 volumes] Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jason Pierceson
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440852774
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LGBTQ Americans in the U.S. Political System: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Voters, Candidates, and Officeholders [2 volumes] by Jason Pierceson Summary

This comprehensive sourcebook covers the evolution of LGBTQ engagement in American politics, from the emergence of gay rights as a political issue in the early 1970s to the present day, when LGBTQ issues occupy a prominent place in politics. • Provides historical essays detailing the evolution of LGBTQ Americans in U.S. politics as voters, candidates, and officeholders • Offers more than 250 reference entries of individuals, organizations, cultural forces, political issues, and legal decisions • Presents primary documents of additional insight into major events, issues, and individuals associated with LGBTQ politics • Features a chronology of events for at-a-glance coverage of the most important events in LGBTQ history • Includes an appendix of LGBTQ organizations involved in politics

Critical Intersex

Critical Intersex Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Morgan Holmes
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131715729X
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Critical Intersex by Morgan Holmes Summary

To date, intersex studies has not received the scholarly attention it deserves as research in this area has been centred around certain key questions, scholars and geographical regions. Exploring previously neglected territories, this book broadens the scope of intersex studies, whilst adopting perspectives that turn the gaze of the liberal, humanist, scientific outlook upon itself, in order to reconfigure debates about rights, autonomy and subjectivity, and challenges the accepted paradigms of intersex identity politics. Presenting the latest theoretical and empirical research from an international group of experts, this is a truly interdisciplinary volume containing critical approaches from both the humanities and social sciences. With its contributions to sociology, anthropology, medicine, law, history, cultural studies, psychology and psychoanalysis, Critical Intersex will appeal to scholars and clinical practitioners alike.

Sexuality Repositioned

Sexuality Repositioned Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Belinda Brooks-Gordon,Loraine Gelsthorpe,Martin Johnson M.A., PhD., F.R.C.O.G.,Andrew Bainham
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847313280
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Sexuality Repositioned by Belinda Brooks-Gordon,Loraine Gelsthorpe,Martin Johnson M.A., PhD., F.R.C.O.G.,Andrew Bainham Summary

Despite the advent of new sexual knowledges,new perspectives, new experiences even, we do not routinely or habitually reflect on the interface of social and legal dimensions of sexuality. Rather, the law is periodically reviewed in response to some crisis or campaign. The idea for the book thus came from awareness that it is important to explore some of the social and moral censures, contours and controversies that shape and mark the boundaries of sexuality. The production of the book has coincided with a major review and new legislation concerning sexual offences, fuelling the authors' concerns and making their explorations timely. Interdisciplinary in scope, drawing in biological, psychological, sociological and historical perspectives to set out the new battlegrounds of sexuality, for instance, but with particular emphasis on socio-legal issues, the book examines the following areas: the development of sexuality and the right to define one's sexuality; genetic maps and sexual politics; sexuality and same sex relationships in law; the law in relation to intersecting oppressions concerning lesbians, gay men and trans people; the sexual abuse of children and the limitations of the law; the contours of regulation concerning young people, 'sexual health', and prostitution; sexual freedoms versus protectionist debates; sexuality, desire and embodied performances in the workplace; sexuality, film and the law, and the law on sexuality in the everyday practice of the Care Standards Tribunal. The book also reviews the recent reform of sexual offences and examines the current vogue for psychological treatment interventions for sexual offenders. This book offers a highly original and exciting new exploration of contemporary socio-legal issues in relation to different sexual positions.

Articulating Intersex: A Crisis at the Intersection of Scientific Facts and Social Ideals

Articulating Intersex: A Crisis at the Intersection of Scientific Facts and Social Ideals Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Natalie Delimata
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030218988
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Articulating Intersex: A Crisis at the Intersection of Scientific Facts and Social Ideals by Natalie Delimata Summary

This book explores the ethical dilemma clinicians may face when disclosing a diagnosis of atypical sex. The moment of disclosure reveals an epistemic incompatibility between scientific fact and social meaning in relation to sex. Attempting to assess the bio-psychosocial implications of this dilemma highlights a complex historic antagonism between fact and meaning making satisfactory resolution of this dilemma difficult. Drawing on David Hume, WVO Quine and Michel Foucault the author presents an integrative model, which views scientific fact and social meaning as codetermining threads in one fabric of knowledge. From this epistemic perspective, the ethical dilemma is understood as a tear in the fabric signifying a rupturing of ontological integrity. To mend this tear and resolve the ethical dilemma three metaphysical perspectives are considered: essentialism, naturalism and emergentism. The book’s unique features include: an exploration of the impact of diagnostic disclosure on people with atypical sex (intersex); a synthesis of the epistemic perspectives of social and natural science facilitating interdisciplinary collaboration; a critical evaluation of three metaphysical perspectives on atypical sex (intersex); the application of Hume’s epistemological and moral distinctions to contemporary biomedicine and bioethics. The book’s target audience includes academics, students and professionals whose work intersects the natural and social sciences, and individuals interested in the metaphysics, epistemology and meta-ethics of sex.

Law, Politics and the Gender Binary

Law, Politics and the Gender Binary Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Petr Agha
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351046985
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Law, Politics and the Gender Binary by Petr Agha Summary

The distinction between male and female, or masculinity and femininity, has long been considered to be foundational to society and the organization of its institutions. In the last decades, the massive literature on gender has challenged this discursive construction. Gender has been disassembled and reassembled, variously considered as social practice, performance, ideology. Yet the binary relationship ‘man/woman’ continues to be a characteristic trait of Western societies. This book gathers together contributions by experts in various fields – including law, sociology, philosophy and anthropology – to pin down the relationship between institutions and the gender binary. Centrally, it examines the way in which the present-day gender binary is shored up by the conceptualization and regulation of sex and gender at societal and institutional levels. Based on this examination, it tackles the issue of what the practices and processes of subjectivation are that preserve this binary distinction as the foundation of gender. Each of the chapters discusses this pressing question with a view to considering whether current equality policies challenge hierarchical and hegemonic understandings of gender or are the residue of a sexist understanding of gender. This analysis then paves the way for a more general and crucial question: whether institutions can, or should, contribute to the process of deconstructing the gender binary.

Circumcision, Public Health, Genital Autonomy and Cultural Rights

Circumcision, Public Health, Genital Autonomy and Cultural Rights Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Matthew Johnson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351571842
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Circumcision, Public Health, Genital Autonomy and Cultural Rights by Matthew Johnson Summary

Circumcision is one of the oldest and most common surgical processes, being practised, for a range of medical, social and religious reasons, on up to 30% of males worldwide. It is currently being promoted by a range of health bodies as a means of tackling HIV in developing countries. Yet, there is significant concern about sexual, physiological and psychological effects and complications and its prophylactic effectiveness. In examining a case in which a failed circumcision was performed for religious reasons, the Regional Court in Cologne decided that the practice contravened the bodily autonomy of minors and was subject to the same legislation used to classify female genital cutting as assault. This, understandably, aroused serious concerns among various religious communities who practise circumcision. At the same time as religious groups seek to protect circumcision from comparisons with female genital cutting, there is a trend, particularly in post-colonial thought in the US, to revise negative understandings of female genital cutting by making cautious, positive comparisons with circumcision. This collection considers the apparent contradictions and complications of the contemporary status and deployment of the many forms of genital cutting, raising a serious, wide-reaching question: what scope should society have to impose physically invasive rites on people? This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Discourse.

Feminist and Queer Legal Theory

Feminist and Queer Legal Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martha Albertson Fineman,Jack E. Jackson,Adam P. Romero
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317135725
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Feminist and Queer Legal Theory by Martha Albertson Fineman,Jack E. Jackson,Adam P. Romero Summary

Feminist and Queer Legal Theory: Intimate Encounters, Uncomfortable Conversations is a groundbreaking collection that brings together leading scholars in contemporary legal theory. The volume explores, at times contentiously, convergences and departures among a variety of feminist and queer political projects. These explorations - foregrounded by legal issues such as marriage equality, sexual harassment, workers' rights, and privacy - re-draw and re-imagine the alliances and antagonisms constituting feminist and queer theory. The essays cross a spectrum of disciplinary matrixes, including jurisprudence, political philosophy, literary theory, critical race theory, women's studies, and gay and lesbian studies. The authors occupy a variety of political positions vis-à-vis questions of identity, rights, the state, cultural normalization, and economic liberalism. The richness and vitality of feminist and queer theory, as well as their relevance to matters central to the law and politics of our time, are on full display in this volume.

Proud Heritage: People, Issues, and Documents of the LGBT Experience [3 volumes]

Proud Heritage: People, Issues, and Documents of the LGBT Experience [3 volumes] Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Chuck Stewart
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 161069399X
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Proud Heritage: People, Issues, and Documents of the LGBT Experience [3 volumes] by Chuck Stewart Summary

This groundbreaking three-volume reference traces the roots and development of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights and issues in the United States from the pre-colonial period to the present day. • Highlights the social, cultural, and political developments of LGBT issues through biographies of key people, entries, legislation, and primary documents • Covers content mandated by the Fair, Accurate, Inclusive, and Respectful (FAIR) Education Act in California • Encourages critical inquiry and thinking by integrating factual content with speeches, letters, and biographies • Contains contributions from more than 70 academic scholars from across disciplines to give a broad perspective on the content • Includes state-by-state examinations of LGBT history and laws

Participation, Culture and Democracy

Participation, Culture and Democracy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tadej Pirc
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527517780
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Participation, Culture and Democracy by Tadej Pirc Summary

The underlying question of this collection of essays focuses on the very core of our democratic culture. It asks how one can actively take part in its political, legal, educational, informational, social, cultural and economic mechanisms. Advanced technologies have given rise to a vast array of tools enabling a culture of participation. New forms of civic engagement have emerged, as well as a new conceptualization of active citizenship. These developments encouraged the authors of this collection to address legal, social, political, philosophical, and media aspects of the emancipatory potential of participatory democracy. They focus on specific case studies stretching across various places and spheres, from the Canadian media legislature, community organizing in low-income neighbourhoods of the USA, the Knesset of Israel, the Roma minority in Poland, and legal texts of Austria, to the online sphere of art and digital democracy. The key advantage of this book thus lies in its multifaceted consideration of seemingly disparate, yet highly intertwined and ubiquitous, concepts of democratic societies around the globe.

Gender Panic, Gender Policy

Gender Panic, Gender Policy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vasilikie Demos,Marcia Texler Segal
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787432602
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Gender Panic, Gender Policy by Vasilikie Demos,Marcia Texler Segal Summary

Using diverse theories and methods including analysis of on-line data, feminist critical discourse, fieldwork, grounded theory, and queer theory, this volume explores gender panic and policy in the United States and beyond.

Going Postal: More than 'Yes' or 'No'

Going Postal: More than 'Yes' or 'No' Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Quinn Eades,Son Vivienne
Editor: Brow Books
ISBN: 1925704122
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Going Postal: More than 'Yes' or 'No' by Quinn Eades,Son Vivienne Summary

In 2017 the queer and gender-diverse community of Australia undertook an incredible campaign of everyday activism around marriage equality. As individuals and collectives we shared our personal stories with our networks – from social media, to workplace to school playground. We purged our tears and our rage – documented as poems, articles, photos, short stories, status updates, tweets, blog posts, political cartoons, and short videos. Many of us were shocked at the vitriol directed at us, to our faces, in our letter boxes and online, even in ‘secret’ Facebook groups. Many of us were hurt by the unspoken tensions and the conversations we couldn’t have with some of our nearest and dearest. By the end, we were truly exhausted. Yes, the vote was for equality. Yes, the legislation went through. Yes, we can get married now. But many of us have been left wondering whether it was worth it. Many of us are living with the ongoing grief of having our lives, and those of our children, be up for public debate. Whether you are ‘gay, straight, black, or white’—or beyond reductive binaries—this edited collection guides the reader through the highs and lows of the marriage equality postal vote. Combining serious scholarship, humour, manifestos, and simple tales of childhood, readers are flung into the emotional melting pot that constitutes a definitive turning point in Australian queer histories. These feelings are sticky and sometimes traumatic, but there is also catharsis in this compilation. This is also a counter-archive, one that consciously amplifies some of the voices that were drowned out by dominant campaigns, including those that questioned the value of marriage as a patriarchal institution or resisted the ‘we are just like you’ discourses that obscured complex families and queer ways of loving.

European Sexual Citizenship

European Sexual Citizenship Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Francesca Romana Ammaturo
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319419749
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European Sexual Citizenship by Francesca Romana Ammaturo Summary

This book is an innovative and critical contribution to the study of the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) people in the context of Europe. Combining legal and Foucauldian approaches, it investigates the ways in which current discourses about LGBTIQ rights in Europe are tightly bound to contemporary debates about national and trans-national citizenship. The author defines and analyzes the concept of 'multisexual citizenship' to illustrate new, flexible forms of sexual and gendered citizenship that could radically transform practices of citizenship and the current human rights framework in Europe. She does this by combining critical deconstructions of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights with ethnographic observations and sociological analysis. This interdisciplinary work will appeal to sociologists, lawyers and researchers of gender and LGBTIQ rights.

Sexuality and Equality Law

Sexuality and Equality Law Pdf/ePub eBook Author: SuzanneB. Goldberg
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351548956
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Sexuality and Equality Law by SuzanneB. Goldberg Summary

Sexual rules and regulations are among societys oldest yet it is only in recent decades that this once-stigmatized field has become the focus of scholarly attention. This volume, which includes some of the most thought-provoking and hard-to-find essays in the field, covers a diverse range of topics from sexual orientation and gender identity to intersexuality and commercial sex, and from HIV/AIDS and trafficking to polygamy. Through historical, political and critical-theoretical lenses, and through a global focus, the selections ask how we conceptualize the groups and acts subjected to sexual regulation and how regulations in the field implicate and produce understandings of sexuality and identity. By placing this variety of works together, Sexuality and Equality Law invites fresh insights into commonalities and synergies across regulatory arenas that are often isolated from one another. The volumes introduction situates all of these works in the broader field and offers readers an extensive bibliography.