La France De Vichy 1940 1944

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France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944

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Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191622885
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France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944 by Summary

The French call them 'the Dark Years'... This definitive new history of Occupied France explores the myths and realities of four of the most divisive years in French history. Taking in ordinary people's experiences of defeat, collaboration, resistance, and liberation, it uncovers the conflicting memories of occupation which ensure that even today France continues to debate the legacy of the Vichy years.


Occupation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ian Ousby
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 146174167X
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Occupation by Ian Ousby Summary

France was slow and somewhat ineffectual in organizing resistance movement. In Occupation Ian Ousby challenges the myth that France was liberated " by the whole of France." The author explores the Nazi occupation of France with superb detail and eyewitness accounts that range from famous figures like Simone de Beauvoir, Charles de Gaulle, Andre Gide, Jean-Paul Sartre and Gertrude Stein to ordinary citizens, forgotten heroes and traitors.

National Regeneration in Vichy France

National Regeneration in Vichy France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Debbie Lackerstein
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317089987
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National Regeneration in Vichy France by Debbie Lackerstein Summary

The creators of the Vichy regime did not intend merely to shield France from the worst effects of military defeat and occupation; rather the leaders of Vichy were inspired by a will to regenerate France, to establish an authoritarian new order that would repair the degenerative effects of parliamentary democracy and liberal society. Their plan to effect this change took the form of a far-reaching programme they called the National Revolution. This is the first study of the National Revolution as the expression of Vichy's ideology and aims. It reveals the variety and complexity of both right wing and other strands of French thought in the context of the turbulent years of the 1930s - when Vichy's history really begins - and under the Occupation, when internal rivalries and divisions, as well as the pressures of war, doomed Vichy's programme of national regeneration. The book is structured around a consideration of the rhetoric of right-wing ideology and such key catchwords as 'decadence', 'action', 'order', 'realism' and 'new man', and shows how these phrases only served to mask the political and ideological incoherence of the Vichy government.

Propaganda Documentaries in France

Propaganda Documentaries in France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Pierre Bertin-Maghit
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442261021
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Propaganda Documentaries in France by Jean-Pierre Bertin-Maghit Summary

This is the first volume specifically devoted to non-fiction propaganda film distributed in France during the “Dark Years” of the German Occupation. This book shows how the Nazis pursued an aggressive series of measures designed to monopolize the French market and foster agitation against Americans, Jews, Communists, and others. The author provides a concise overview of Vichy and German film policies and then illustrates how ideological priorities and political negotiations played out in the content of both topical documentaries and weekly newsreels.

Réplique aux diffamateurs de la France

Réplique aux diffamateurs de la France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jacques Le Groignec
Editor: Nouvelles Editions Latines
ISBN: 9782723320634
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Réplique aux diffamateurs de la France by Jacques Le Groignec Summary

La 4e de couverture indique: "C'est à la France des années 1940-1944 que ces pages sont consacrées, non pour en faire l'histoire si complexe, mais pour répondre aux mensonges médiatisés qui, notamment, accusent notre pays d'avoir capitulé en 1940, et de s'être rendu complice du génocide juif perpétré par l'Allemagne hitlérienne. La bassesse de ces accusations est telle que leurs auteurs évitent, le plus souvent, de les porter contre la France, mais les adressent à une entité étatique qu'ils baptisent du qualificatif " Vichy ". Ce nom de baptême dont le contenu politique échappe à toute définition - permettant ainsi toutes les interprétations - fut inventé par Charles de Gaulle qui, dans ses écrits et discours, l'employa plus souvent que le vocable " allemand ". Cette discrimination gaullo-médiatique a fait école. Il est rare, en effet, de trouver la moindre référence à l'Allemagne dans les difficultés auxquelles la France à dû faire face de 1940 à 1944. Pour s'en convaincre, il suffit de lire ou d'écouter les médias, ainsi que les discours tenus le 16 juillet lors de la commémoration annuelle de la rafle du Vel'd'Hiv'. L'on pense alors à Raymond ARON qui parlait de " l'attitude a-historique qui n'analyse presque jamais les intentions et les motivations des acteurs du drame, ni les problèmes qui se posaient à eux ". Les premiers chapitres du présent ouvrage rapportent les conditions dans lesquelles l'Europe fut, de 1940 à 1944, plongée dans la nuit allemande. Ils répondent, ensuite, aux calomnies médiatisées sur la prétendue complicité de la France et de ses gouvernements dans l'acte de barbarie que fut le génocide juif. Dans les chapitres suivants, sont évoquées les causes et les conséquences de la défaite, en juin 1940, des armées françaises. Désastre qui conduisit le dernier gouvernement de la IIIe République à signer un armistice, et non la honteuse capitulation dont parlent les ignares et les lobbies qui, par leurs mensonges, tel le faux appel du 18 juin, tentent de déshonorer la France et ses armées, en se déshonorant eux-mêmes."

The Developing of the Radical Rights in France

The Developing of the Radical Rights in France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edward J. Arnold
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0333981154
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The Developing of the Radical Rights in France by Edward J. Arnold Summary

This book traces the origins and evolution of extreme-right wing thought in France from the end of the nineteenth century to the present day. It establishes the presence of an ideological tradition or organicist, exclusive nationalism initiated at the end of the nineteenth century, which adapts itself to the post-First World War and re-emerges forcibly during the Occupation. Elements of this same tradition are present in the modern discourse of the extreme right in post-war France. This helps the student of modern French politics to see movements like the Front National in their historical perspective.

The French Writers' War, 1940-1953

The French Writers' War, 1940-1953 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gisèle Sapiro
Editor: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822395126
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The French Writers' War, 1940-1953 by Gisèle Sapiro Summary

The French Writers' War, 1940–1953, is a remarkably thorough account of French writers and literary institutions from the beginning of the German Occupation through France's passage of amnesty laws in the early 1950s. To understand how the Occupation affected French literary production as a whole, Gisèle Sapiro uses Pierre Bourdieu's notion of the "literary field." Sapiro surveyed the career trajectories and literary and political positions of 185 writers. She found that writers' stances in relation to the Vichy regime are best explained in terms of institutional and structural factors, rather than ideology. Examining four major French literary institutions, from the conservative French Academy to the Comité national des écrivains, a group formed in 1941 to resist the Occupation, she chronicles the institutions' histories before turning to the ways that they influenced writers' political positions. Sapiro shows how significant institutions and individuals within France's literary field exacerbated their loss of independence or found ways of resisting during the war and Occupation, as well as how they were perceived after Liberation.

Reign of Virtue

Reign of Virtue Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Miranda Pollard
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226924777
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Reign of Virtue by Miranda Pollard Summary

In Reign of Virtue, Miranda Pollard explores the effects of military defeat and Nazi occupation on French articulations of gender in wartime France. Drawing on governmental archives, historical texts, and propaganda, Pollard explores what most historians have ignored: the many ways in which Vichy's politicians used gendered images of work, family, and sexuality to restore and maintain political and social order. She argues that Vichy wanted to return France to an illustrious and largely mythical past of harmony, where citizens all knew their places and fulfilled their responsibilities, where order prevailed. The National Revolution, according to Pollard, replaced the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity with work, family, and fatherland, making the acceptance of traditional masculine and feminine roles a key priority. Pollard shows how Vichy's policies promoted the family as the most important social unit of a new France and elevated married mothers to a new social status even as their educational, employment, and reproductive rights were strictly curtailed.

The Uncertain Foundation

The Uncertain Foundation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A. Knapp
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230222900
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The Uncertain Foundation by A. Knapp Summary

France's liberation was expected to trigger a decisive break both with the Vichy régime and with the pre-war Third Republic. What happened was an untidy patchwork of unplanned continuities and false starts. This volume analyses the complex process of regime change, economic renewal, social transformation, and adjustment to a fast-evolving world.

Historical Bibliography as an Essential Source for Historiography

Historical Bibliography as an Essential Source for Historiography Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bernadette Cunningham,Václava Horčáková,Kristina Rexová
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443884294
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Historical Bibliography as an Essential Source for Historiography by Bernadette Cunningham,Václava Horčáková,Kristina Rexová Summary

This volume brings together papers presented at the Fifth International Conference of the European Historical Bibliographies Project, held in Prague on November 7 - 8, 2013, under the auspices of the Department of Historical Bibliography of the Institute of History of the Academy of Science of the Czech Republic. The conference attracted bibliographers, historians and librarians from Denmark, France, Ireland, Lithuania, Germany, Switzerland and from a number of Czech institutions and libraries, who gathered to discuss a wide range of topics. The main theme of the conference was the significance of historical bibliography for historical science. Given the diversity of professional focus among the conference participants, this topic was approached and examined from a variety of viewpoints. The most important outcomes of these meetings were, firstly, explaining the way individual participating organisations dealt with historical bibliography, and, secondly, providing a comparison of different methodological and technological approaches for processing specialized bibliographies in various European countries. This book introduces the wider public to the current shape and prospects of historical bibliography projects across a range of European countries. Obviously, such projects must reflect the needs of their users, which mainly comprise historians and librarians. The ongoing development of historical bibliography does not only involve a technical challenge, but also a methodological one, as well as a societal one when interpreted in a broader context. Mutual communication helps form the future direction of historical bibliography, which will undoubtedly face many new tasks and challenges.

The Fall of France in the Second World War

The Fall of France in the Second World War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard Carswell
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030039552
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The Fall of France in the Second World War by Richard Carswell Summary

This book examines how the fall of France in the Second World War has been recorded by historians and remembered within society. It argues that explanations of the fall have usually revolved around the four main themes of decadence, failure, constraint and contingency. It shows that the dominant explanation claimed for many years that the fall was the inevitable consequence of a society grown rotten in the inter-war period. This view has been largely replaced among academic historians by a consensus which distinguishes between the military defeat and the political demise of the Third Republic. It emphasizes the contingent factors that led to the military defeat. At the same time it seeks to understand the constraints within which France’s policy-makers were required to act and the reasons for their policy-making failures in economics, defence and diplomacy.

Montluçon, 1940-1944

Montluçon, 1940-1944 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: André Touret
ISBN: 2909797716
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Montluçon, 1940-1944 by André Touret Summary

Dans le prolongement de la biographie de Marx Dormoy, c'est l'histoire de Montluçon pendant les années sombres de 1940-1944 au temps de l'État français. Le rôle du journal local « Le Centre » et son influence sur l'opinion, sont constamment évoqués. Des personnalités comme le docteur Jean Billaud, le « médecin des pauvres » et Pierre Kaan qui deviendra l'adjoint de Jean Moulin, apparaissent en pleine lumière. Tout un chapitre est consacré au travail obligatoire (STO). Une large place est réservée à la vie quotidienne avec son cortège de privations et de réglementations. Tous les aspects marquants de l'histoire locale sont développés : voyage du maréchal Pétain à Montluçon le 1er mai 1941, l'assassinat de Marx Dormoy à Montélimar, le bombardement de Dunlop, l'action de la Résistance, les combats de la Libération. Mais l'histoire locale est constamment liée à l'histoire générale, permettant ainsi de comprendre l'évolution de cette période tourmentée. Un ouvrage de référence, avec de nombreuses photographies et documents de l'époque.

The Assassination of Europe, 1918-1942

The Assassination of Europe, 1918-1942 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Howard M. Sachar
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442609214
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The Assassination of Europe, 1918-1942 by Howard M. Sachar Summary

In this fascinating volume, renowned historian Howard M. Sachar relates the tragedy of twentieth-century Europe through an innovative, riveting account of the continent's political assassinations between 1918 and 1939 and beyond. By tracing the violent deaths of key public figures during an exceptionally fraught time period—the aftermath of World War I—Sachar lays bare a much larger history: the gradual moral and political demise of European civilization and its descent into World War II. In his famously arresting prose, Sachar traces the assassinations of Rosa Luxemburg, Kurt Eisner, Matthias Erzberger, and Walther Rathenau in Germany—a lethal chain reaction that contributed to the Weimar Republic's eventual collapse and Hitler's rise to power. Sachar's exploration of political fragility in Italy, Austria, the successor states of Eastern Europe, and France completes a mordant yet intriguing exposure of the Old World's lethal vulnerability. The final chapter, which chronicles the deaths of Stefan and Lotte Zweig, serves as a thought-provoking metaphor for the assassination of the Old World itself.

France in the Era of Fascism

France in the Era of Fascism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brian Jenkins
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782389563
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France in the Era of Fascism by Brian Jenkins Summary

France's response to the rise of European fascism during the 1930s, and subsequently to the Nazi occupation 1940-44, has been a difficult subject for the nation’s historians. The consensus amongst leading French authorities on the period has been the claim that France was largely 'immune' to fascism in the 1930s, and that the Vichy regime was an aberration produced by defeat and occupation. Over the last 30 years, this position has gradually been undermined, mainly through the work of foreign scholars, but it nonetheless remains intact. This volume brings together for the first time the leading critics of the standard French interpretation, who have used these essays to refine and update their positions, or to move the debate onto new terrain.

Fashion, Work, and Politics in Modern France

Fashion, Work, and Politics in Modern France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: S. Zdatny
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 140398445X
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Fashion, Work, and Politics in Modern France by S. Zdatny Summary

This history of coiffure in modern France illuminates a host of important twentieth-century issues: the course of fashion, the travails of small business in a modern economy, the complexities of labour reform, the failure of the Popular Front, the temptations of Pétainism, all accompanied by a parade of waves, chignons, and curls.

La Sorbonne en guerre (1940-1944)

La Sorbonne en guerre (1940-1944) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Georges Mathieu
Editor: Editions L\'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296477895
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La Sorbonne en guerre (1940-1944) by Georges Mathieu Summary

Les souvenirs de Georges Mathieu sur la Sorbonne en guerre sont un document primaire. Ce témoignage oculaire, écrit avec vivacité, et souvent ironie, complète et peut rectifier le document officiel. L'attitude de Georges Mathieu est celle d'un patriote né au 19e siècle. Sans appartenir à une organisation de résistance active, il manifeste, dès les débuts de l'Occupation, son opposition aux mesures vichystes.

Fascism and Theatre

Fascism and Theatre Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Günter Berghaus
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1785330470
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Fascism and Theatre by Günter Berghaus Summary

Since the 1920s, an endless flow of studies has analyzed the political systems of fascism, theseizure of power, the nature of the regimes, the atrocities committed, and, finally, the wars waged against other countries. However, much less attention has been paid to the strategies of persuasion employed by the regimes to win over the masses for their cause. Among these, fascist propaganda has traditionally been seen as the key means of influencing public opinion. Only recently has the "fascination with Fascism" become a topic of enquiry that has also formed the guiding interest of this volume: it offers, for the first time, a comparative analysis of the forms and functions of theater in countries governed by fascist or para-fascist regimes. By examining a wide spectrum of theatrical manifestations in a number of States with a varying degree of fascistization, these studies establish some of the similarities and differences between the theatrical cultures of several cultures in the interwar period.

Pierre Laroque and the Welfare State in Postwar France

Pierre Laroque and the Welfare State in Postwar France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eric Jabbari
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191617202
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Pierre Laroque and the Welfare State in Postwar France by Eric Jabbari Summary

Eric Jabbari examines Pierre Laroque's contribution to the rise of the French welfare state, namely his role as the architect of the social security plan which was adopted by the provisional government in 1945. The conception of the Laroque Plan was a product of his work as a civil servant and social policy expert, and it reflected the diverse combination of influences: his background in administrative law and his onetime support for the corporatist management of industrial relations. These experiences were all the more notable since they were marked by his belief in the necessity of an increased state interventionism which was mitigated by administrative decentralisation. The purpose of social policy, in his mind, was to cultivate social solidarity, a task which could best be achieved if the beneficiaries of this policy could be encouraged to participate in its implementation. These concerns remained central to his conception of the state and society long after he lost his enthusiasm for corporatism, and contributed to the shape of post-war social security.


Denaturalized Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Claire Zalc
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674249615
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Denaturalized by Claire Zalc Summary

A Choice Outstanding Academic Title of the Year A CounterPunch Best Book of the Year A Lone Star Policy Institute Recommended Book “A critically important exploration of the political dynamics that have made us one of the most punitive societies in human history. A must-read by one of our most thoughtful scholars of crime and punishment.” —Bryan Stevenson, author of Just Mercy “A cogent and provocative argument about how to achieve true institutional reform and fix our broken system.” —Emily Bazelon, author of Charged “If you care, as I do, about disrupting the perverse politics of criminal justice, there is no better place to start than Prisoners of Politics.” —James Forman, Jr., Pulitzer Prize–winning author of Locking Up Our Own The United States has the world’s highest rate of incarceration in the world. As awful as that truth is, its social consequences—recycling offenders through an overwhelmed criminal justice system, ever-mounting costs, and a growing class of permanently criminalized citizens—are even more devastating. With the authority of a prominent legal scholar and the practical insights gained through her work on criminal justice reform, Rachel Barkow reveals how dangerous it is to base criminal justice policy on the whims of the electorate and argues for a transformative shift toward data and expertise.

Scarred Landscapes

Scarred Landscapes Pdf/ePub eBook Author: C. Pearson
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230228739
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Scarred Landscapes by C. Pearson Summary

Based on detailed archival research and site visits, Scarred Landscapes is the first environmental history of Vichy France. From mountains and marshlands to foresters and resisters, it examines the intricate and often surprising connections between war, history, and the 'natural' environment during these turbulent years.

Imagining Fascism

Imagining Fascism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Mazgaj
Editor: University of Delaware Press
ISBN: 9780874139495
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Imagining Fascism by Paul Mazgaj Summary

The role and influence of intellectuals is one of the flashpoints in the recurring debate on the nature and dimensions of French fascism. At the forefront of this debate are a group of emerging writers, collectively known as the Young Right. Though thoroughly schooled in the reactionary nationalism of Charles Maurras' Action francaise, whose orbit they entered in the early 1930s, they were soon seduced by the mobilizing force of neighboring fascist movements and regimes. Led by two precocious literary talents, Robert Brasillach and Thierry Maulnier, the Young Right set themselves to rejuvenating French nationalism and winning a place for France in an emerging new Europe. Their project - an attempt to graft lessons from foreign sources onto a native language of French generational and cultural politics - was one of several efforts to create a distinctive French fascism.

The Colonial Legacy in France

The Colonial Legacy in France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nicolas Bancel,Pascal Blanchard,Dominic Thomas
Editor: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253026512
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The Colonial Legacy in France by Nicolas Bancel,Pascal Blanchard,Dominic Thomas Summary

Debates about the legacy of colonialism in France are not new, but they have taken on new urgency in the wake of recent terrorist attacks. Responding to acts of religious and racial violence in 2005, 2010, and 2015 and beyond, the essays in this volume pit French ideals against government-sponsored revisionist decrees that have exacerbated tensions, complicated the process of establishing and recording national memory, and triggered divisive debates on what it means to identify as French. As they document the checkered legacy of French colonialism, the contributors raise questions about France and the contemporary role of Islam, the banlieues, immigration, race, history, pedagogy, and the future of the Republic. This innovative volume reconsiders the cultural, economic, political, and social realities facing global French citizens today and includes contributions by Achille Mbembe, Benjamin Stora, Françoise Vergès, Alec Hargreaves, Elsa Dorlin, and Alain Mabanckou, among others.

Silent Village

Silent Village Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert Pike
Editor: The History Press
ISBN: 0750997605
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Silent Village by Robert Pike Summary

'Based on eye-witness accounts, Robert Pike’s moving book vividly depicts the lives of the villagers who were caught up in the tragedy of Oradour-sur-Glane and brings their experiences to our attention for the first time' Hanna Diamond, author of Fleeing Hitler On 10 June 1944, four days after Allied forces landed in Normandy, the picturesque village of Oradour-sur-Glane in the rural heart of France was destroyed by an armoured SS Panzer division. Six hundred and forty-three men, women and children were murdered in the nation’s worst wartime atrocity. Today, Oradour is remembered as a ‘martyred village’ and its ruins preserved, but the stories of its inhabitants lie buried under the rubble of the intervening decades. Silent Village gathers the powerful testimonies of survivors in the first account of Oradour as it was both before the tragedy and in its aftermath. Why this peaceful community was chosen for extermination has remained a mystery. Putting aside contemporary hearsay, Nazi rhetoric and revisionist theories, Robert Pike returns to the archival evidence to narrate the tragedy as it truly happened – and give voice to the anguish of those left behind.

The Survival of the Jews in France, 1940 - 44

The Survival of the Jews in France, 1940 - 44 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jacques Semelin
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190057998
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The Survival of the Jews in France, 1940 - 44 by Jacques Semelin Summary

Between the French defeat in 1940 and liberation in 1944, the Nazis killed almost 80,000 of France's Jews, both French and foreign. Since that time, this tragedy has been well-documented. But there are other stories hidden within it-ones neglected by historians. In fact, 75% of France's Jews escaped the extermination, while 45% of the Jews of Belgium perished, and in the Netherlands only 20% survived. The Nazis were determined to destroy the Jews across Europe, and the Vichy regime collaborated in their deportation from France. So what is the meaning of this French exception? Jacques Semelin sheds light on this 'French enigma', painting a radically unfamiliar view of occupied France. His is a rich, even-handed portrait of a complex and changing society, one where helping and informing on one's neighbours went hand in hand; and where small gestures of solidarity sat comfortably with anti-Semitism. Without shying away from the horror of the Holocaust's crimes, this seminal work adds a fresh perspective to our history of the Second World War.

Jewish Conscience of the Church

Jewish Conscience of the Church Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Norman C. Tobias
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319469258
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Jewish Conscience of the Church by Norman C. Tobias Summary

This book presents the backstory of how the Catholic Church came to clarify and embrace the role of Israel in salvation history, at the behest of an unlikely personality: Jules Isaac. This embrace put to an end the tradition, more than fifteen centuries old, of anti-Jewish rhetoric that had served as taproot to racial varieties of anti-Semitism. Prior to Isaac’s thought and activism, this contemptuous tradition had never been denounced in so compelling a manner that the Church was forced to address it. It is a story of loss and triumph, and ultimately, unlikely partnership. Isaac devoted his years after World War II to a crusade for scriptural truth and rectification of Christian teaching regarding Jews and Judaism. Isaac’s crusade culminated in an unpublicized audience with Pope John XXIII—a meeting that moved the pope to make a last-minute addition to the Second Vatican Council agenda and set in motion the events leading to a revolution in Catholic teaching about Jews.

States of Decadence

States of Decadence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Guri Barstad,Karen P. Knutsen
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443858390
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States of Decadence by Guri Barstad,Karen P. Knutsen Summary

States of Decadence is a two volume anthology that focuses on the literary and cultural phenomenon of decadence. Particular attention is given to literature from the end of the 1800s, the fin de siècle; however, the essays presented here are not restricted to this historical period, but draw lines both back in time and forward to our day to illuminate the contradictory multiplicity inherent in decadence. Furthermore, the essays go beyond literary studies, drawing on a number of the tropes and themes of decadence manifested in the arts and culture, such as in music, opera, film, history, and even jewelry design.

The Hunt for Nazi Spies

The Hunt for Nazi Spies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Simon Kitson
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226438953
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The Hunt for Nazi Spies by Simon Kitson Summary

From 1940 to 1942, French secret agents arrested more than two thousand spies working for the Germans and executed several dozen of them—all despite the Vichy government’s declared collaboration with the Third Reich. A previously untold chapter in the history of World War II, this duplicitous activity is the gripping subject of The Hunt for Nazi Spies, a tautly narrated chronicle of the Vichy regime’s attempts to maintain sovereignty while supporting its Nazi occupiers. Simon Kitson informs this remarkable story with findings from his investigation—the first by any historian—of thousands of Vichy documents seized in turn by the Nazis and the Soviets and returned to France only in the 1990s. His pioneering detective work uncovers a puzzling paradox: a French government that was hunting down left-wing activists and supporters of Charles de Gaulle’s Free French forces was also working to undermine the influence of German spies who were pursuing the same Gaullists and resisters. In light of this apparent contradiction, Kitson does not deny that Vichy France was committed to assisting the Nazi cause, but illuminates the complex agendas that characterized the collaboration and shows how it was possible to be both anti-German and anti-Gaullist. Combining nuanced conclusions with dramatic accounts of the lives of spies on both sides, The Hunt for Nazi Spies adds an important new dimension to our understanding of the French predicament under German occupation and the shadowy world of World War II espionage.

Assassination in Vichy

Assassination in Vichy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gayle K. Brunelle,Stephanie Annette Finley-Croswhite
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487588380
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Assassination in Vichy by Gayle K. Brunelle,Stephanie Annette Finley-Croswhite Summary

During the night of 25 July 1941, assassins planted a time bomb in the bed of the former French Interior Minister, Marx Dormoy. The explosion on the following morning launched a two-year investigation that traced Dormoy’s murder to the highest echelons of the Vichy regime. Dormoy, who had led a 1937 investigation into the “Cagoule,” a violent right-wing terrorist organization, was the victim of a captivating revenge plot. Based on the meticulous examination of thousands of documents, Assassination in Vichy tells the story of Dormoy’s murder and the investigation that followed. At the heart of this book lies a true crime that was sensational in its day. A microhistory that tells a larger and more significant story about the development of far-right political movements, domestic terrorism, and the importance of courage, Assassination in Vichy explores the impact of France’s deep political divisions, wartime choices, and post-war memory.

Vichy France and Everyday Life

Vichy France and Everyday Life Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lindsey Dodd,David Lees
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350011606
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Vichy France and Everyday Life by Lindsey Dodd,David Lees Summary

This wide-ranging volume brings together a blend of experienced and emerging scholars to examine the texture of everyday life for different parts of the wartime French population. It explores systems of coping, means of helping one another, confrontations with people or events and the challenges posed to and by Vichy's National Revolution during this difficult period in French and European history. The book focuses on human interactions at the micro level, highlighting lived experience within the complex social networks of this era, as French civilians negotiated the violence of war, the restrictions of Occupation, the shortages of daily necessities and the fear of persecution in their everyday lives. Using approaches drawn mostly from history, but also including oral history, film, gender studies and sociology, the text peers into the lives of ordinary men, women and children and opens new perspectives on questions of resistance, collaboration, war and memory; it tells some of the stories of the anonymous millions who suffered, coped, laughed, played and worked, either together at home or far apart in towns and villages across Occupied and Vichy France. Vichy France and Everyday Life is a crucial study for anyone interested in the social history of the Second World War or the history of France during the twentieth century.

Networks of Nazi Persecution

Networks of Nazi Persecution Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gerald D. Feldman†,Wolfgang Seibel
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9780857457073
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Networks of Nazi Persecution by Gerald D. Feldman†,Wolfgang Seibel Summary

The persecution and mass-murder of the Jews during World War II would not have been possible without the modern organization of division of labor. Moreover, the perpetrators were dependent on human and organizational resources they could not always control by hierarchy and coercion. Instead, the persecution of the Jews was based, to a large extent, on a web of inter-organizational relations encompassing a broad variety of non-hierarchical cooperation as well as rivalry and competition. Based on newly accessible government and corporate archives, this volume combines fresh evidence with an interpretation of the governance of persecution, presented by prominent historians and social scientists.

French Studies in and for the 21st Century

French Studies in and for the 21st Century Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Philippe Lane,Michael Worton
Editor: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1781386617
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French Studies in and for the 21st Century by Philippe Lane,Michael Worton Summary

French Studies in and for the 21st Century draws together a range of key scholars to examine the current state of French Studies in the UK, taking account of the variety of factors which have made the discipline what it is. The book looks ahead to the place of French Studies in a world that is increasingly interdisciplinary, and where student demands, new technologies and transnational education are changing the ways in which we learn, teach, research and assess. Required reading for all UK French Studies scholars, the book will also be an essential text for the French Studies community worldwide as it grapples with current demands and plans for the future.

Aerial Propaganda and the Wartime Occupation of France, 1914–18

Aerial Propaganda and the Wartime Occupation of France, 1914–18 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bernard Wilkin
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317184939
FileSize: 1261kb
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Aerial Propaganda and the Wartime Occupation of France, 1914–18 by Bernard Wilkin Summary

Aerial Propaganda and the Wartime Occupation of France, 1914-1918 explores the combined role played by the French and British Governments and Armies in creating and distributing millions of aerial newspapers and leaflets aimed at the French population trapped behind German lines. Drawing on extensive research and French, German and British primary sources, the book highlights a previously unknown aspect of psychological warfare that challenges the established interpretation that the occupied populations lived in a state of total isolation and that the Allied governments had no desire to provide them with morale support. Instead a very different picture emerges from this study, which demonstrates that aerial propaganda not only played a fundamental role in raising morale in the occupied territories but also fuelled resistance and clandestine publications. This book demonstrates that the existing historiographical portrayal of the occupied civilian as an uninformed victim must be replaced by a more nuanced interpretation.

Histoire de France, volume 4

Histoire de France, volume 4 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Julian Gomez Pardo
Editor: Editions Ellipses
ISBN: 2340065992
FileSize: 1895kb
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Histoire de France, volume 4 by Julian Gomez Pardo Summary

Cette histoire de France en quatre volumes fait la part belle à l’histoire évènementielle, à ses héros, ses légendes, ses lieux et monuments. Elle met également en valeur les grandes évolutions sociales, économiques et culturelles de chaque époque. la plus récente synthèse d’un récit chronologique, d’après les recherches des plus grands historiens. des biographies des principaux personnagesle point sur les évènements les plus marquants de l’histoire nationale et sur les principaux monuments de la mémoire nationaleune présentation des grands débats historiographiques contemporains

After the Fall

After the Fall Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas J. Laub
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191609129
FileSize: 1126kb
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After the Fall by Thomas J. Laub Summary

German policy in occupied France during the Second World War was in many ways a story of bitter internal conflict between the various German agencies in charge of the occupation. After the Fall provides a detailed analysis of the struggle between these different agencies, highlighting the significant differences in ideology, policy, and method between the army, the SS, and the diplomatic service, and the rivalries between them in their struggle for dominance. It also looks at what these battles implied for the direction of German policy in France, from the exploitation of the French economy and the suppression of resistance activity, to the attempt to carry out Nazi racial plans. In the process, it sheds much light on both the inner workings of the Nazi regime and on the decisions made by the French government during the course of the occupation.

Hitler’s French Literary Afterlives, 1945-2017

Hitler’s French Literary Afterlives, 1945-2017 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Manuel Bragança
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030216179
FileSize: 1220kb
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Hitler’s French Literary Afterlives, 1945-2017 by Manuel Bragança Summary

This book analyses the successive appearances of Adolf Hitler in French fiction between 1945 and 2017. It discusses why, unlike what has been observed in the US and in the UK, it has proven problematic for French novelists to write about Hitler in their numerous fictional explorations of the Second World War. It examines the literary and ethical challenges of including historical characters such as Hitler in fiction, and demonstrates how these challenges evolved over time as memories of the Second World War also evolved in France. jhopok

Vichy France and the Resistance

Vichy France and the Resistance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Roderick Kedward,Roger Austin
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000460142
FileSize: 356kb
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Vichy France and the Resistance by Roderick Kedward,Roger Austin Summary

This book, first published in 1985, examines various aspects of the intellectual achievements of writers and artists in the Vichy period; a strong emphasis on the ambiguity of much of their work emerges from the research. It goes a long way in answering the question of what it was like living under the fascist Vichy regime, and what the collaborators and resistance thought about their purpose and patriotism.

Face à la persécution

Face à la persécution Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jacques Adler
Editor: Calmann-Lévy
ISBN: 2702152686
FileSize: 1451kb
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Face à la persécution by Jacques Adler Summary

Paris, 1940-1944. La persécution antisémite a deux origines : la politique des nazis et celle de Vichy. Toutes deux ont leur logique propre et leur continuité, du statut des Juifs à la spoliation et à l'exclusion, de l'internement dans les camps français à la déportation. Cette tragédie comporte plusieurs acteurs. Vichy met systématiquement en place les instruments juridiques, économiques et policiers de la persécution. Le moment venu, ils serviront aux nazis. Ceux-ci tentent d'abord d'imposer la création d'un organisme représentant tous les Juifs de France. Ils n'y arrivent que partiellement avec l'U.G.I.F., instituée par Vichy à la fin de 1941. En mars 1942 les déportations commencent. Face à eux, la population juive de Paris, où la proportion des immigrés est importante, et où beaucoup ont besoin de l'assistance de la communauté. Plusieurs organisations existent alors : Consistoire, institutions de bienfaisance, associations regroupant les immigrés, mouvements politiques (bundistes, sionistes, communistes). Quelles furent, jusqu'à la fin de l'Occupation, l'attitude et la politique de ces organismes ? A l'aide d'archives peu utilisées jusqu'ici et de témoignages, Jacques Adler reconstitue ici un moment capital de l'histoire politique et sociale des Juifs de France. Il éclaire le déroulement des négociations de 1940-1941, les choix difficiles, parfois tragiques, des responsables et leur perception de la menace. Il analyse ce qui séparait les Juifs français des Juifs étrangers, eux-mêmes divisés, ainsi que la psychologie des dirigeants. Il fait objectivement le bilan de l'U.G.I.F. : l'oeuvre sociale accomplie n'a-t-elle pas été payée d'un prix trop lourd et d'une grave équivoque ? Peut-on parler d'engrenage à ce sujet ? Quelle appréciation porter sur la Résistance juive et ses diverses composantes ? Quelle est enfin la signification de la création du C.R.I.F. à la fin de 1943 ? Au-delà de l'analyse des attitudes au sein d'une communauté menacée, ce livre est aussi une contribution de qualité à l'étude des comportements individuels et collectifs face au totalitarisme.

Diary of the Dark Years, 1940-1944

Diary of the Dark Years, 1940-1944 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean Guéhenno
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199970912
FileSize: 1705kb
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Diary of the Dark Years, 1940-1944 by Jean Guéhenno Summary

Winner of the French-American Foundation Translation Prize for Nonfiction Jean Guéhenno's Diary of the Dark Years, 1940-1945 is the most oft-quoted piece of testimony on life in occupied France. A sharply observed record of day-to-day life under Nazi rule in Paris and a bitter commentary on literary life in those years, it has also been called "a remarkable essay on courage and cowardice" (Caroline Moorehead, Wall Street Journal). Here, David Ball provides not only the first English-translation of this important historical document, but also the first ever annotated, corrected edition. Guéhenno was a well-known political and cultural critic, left-wing but not communist, and uncompromisingly anti-fascist. Unlike most French writers during the Occupation, he refused to pen a word for a publishing industry under Nazi control. He expressed his intellectual, moral, and emotional resistance in this diary: his shame at the Vichy government's collaboration with Nazi Germany, his contempt for its falsely patriotic reactionary ideology, his outrage at its anti-Semitism and its vilification of the Republic it had abolished, his horror at its increasingly savage repression and his disgust with his fellow intellectuals who kept on blithely writing about art and culture as if the Occupation did not exist - not to mention those who praised their new masters in prose and poetry. Also a teacher of French literature, he constantly observed the young people he taught, sometimes saddened by their conformism but always passionately trying to inspire them with the values of the French cultural tradition he loved. Guéhenno's diary often includes his own reflections on the great texts he is teaching, instilling them with special meaning in the context of the Occupation. Complete with meticulous notes and a biographical index, Ball's edition of Guéhenno's epic diary offers readers a deeper understanding not only of the diarist's cultural allusions, but also of the dramatic, historic events through which he lived.