Le Ciel De La Kolyma Tome 2 Le Vertige De Evguenia S Guinzbourg 1 Janvier 1998

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Laogai--the Chinese Gulag

Laogai--the Chinese Gulag Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429967950
FileSize: 1707kb
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Laogai--the Chinese Gulag by , Summary

In this work, the author reveals the hidden world of the "laogaidui" - the PRC's labour reform camps. The author, a political prisoner for 19 years, takes the reader through the harsh reality found in the camps, describing their ideological origins, complex structures and living conditions. What makes the PRC's "laogaidui" unique, according to Wu, is the essential contribution to China's GNP of the commodities produced by the prisoners and the camps' concomitant indispensability to the nation's economic health.

The Economics of Forced Labor

The Economics of Forced Labor Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul R. Gregory,Valery Lazarev
Editor: Hoover Institution Press
ISBN: 0817939431
FileSize: 835kb
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The Economics of Forced Labor by Paul R. Gregory,Valery Lazarev Summary

Until now, there has been little scholarly analysis of the Soviet Gulag as an economic, social, and political institution, primarily owing to a lack of data. This collection presents the results of years of research by Western and Russian scholars. The authors provide both broad overviews and specific case studies.

Memories of Starobielsk

Memories of Starobielsk Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jozef Czapski
Editor: New York Review of Books
ISBN: 1681374870
FileSize: 876kb
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Memories of Starobielsk by Jozef Czapski Summary

Vivid accounts of life in a Soviet prison camp by the author of Inhuman Land. Interned with thousands of Polish army officers and a handful of civilians in the Soviet prisoner-of-war camp at Starobielsk in September 1939, the artist Józef Czapski was one of a very small number to survive the massacre carried out in the forest of Katyn in April 1940. In prose written while the war still raged, Czapski portrays these doomed men, some with the detail of a finished portrait and others in vivid sketches imbued with a rare combination of intimacy and respect, registering their fierce striving to remain fully engaged in humane pursuits under hopeless circumstances. This memoir is complemented by essays on art, history, and literature that show Czapski’s lifelong attachment to the Russian culture that educated him, in all its contradictory manifestations, from the poet Aleksandr Blok’s fascinated response to revolution to the lonely struggle of the painter Chaim Soutine. They include a wartime sequence of short essays on painting written on a train when Czapski was traveling from Moscow to the Second Polish Army’s strategic base in Central Asia, which are among his most lyrical and insightful reflections on art.

The War Against Cliche

The War Against Cliche Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Amis
Editor: Vintage Canada
ISBN: 0307368289
FileSize: 1520kb
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The War Against Cliche by Martin Amis Summary

Like John Updike, Martin Amis is the preeminent novelist-critic of his generation. Always entertaining, with a razor-sharp wit and inimitable judgment, he expounds on a dazzling range of topics from chess, nuclear weapons, masculinity, screen censorship, to Andy Warhol, Hillary Rodham Clinton and Margaret Thatcher. The very best of his essays and reviews from the past twenty-five years are brought together in this substantial and wide-ranging collection, including pieces on Cervantes, Milton, Donne, Coleridge, Jane Austen, Dickens, Kafka, Philip Larkin, Joyce, Evelyn Waugh, Malcolm Lowry, Nabokov, William Burroughs, Anthony Burgess, Saul Bellow, Philip Roth, Shiva and V.S. Naipaul, Kurt Vonnegut, Iris Murdoch, Norman Mailer, Gore Vidal, Don DeLillo, Elmore Leonard, Michael Crichton,V.S. Pritchett and John Updike.

Origins Of The Gulag

Origins Of The Gulag Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael Jakobson
Editor: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 081316138X
FileSize: 1955kb
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Origins Of The Gulag by Michael Jakobson Summary

A vast network of prison camps was an essential part of the Stalinist system. Conditions in the camps were brutal, life expectancy short. At their peak, they housed millions, and hardly an individual in the Soviet Union remained untouched by their tentacles. Michael Jakobson's is the first study to examine the most crucial period in the history of the camps: from the October Revolution of 1917, when the tsarist prison system was destroyed to October 1934, when all places of confinement were consolidated under one agency -- the infamous GULAG. The prison camps served the Soviet government in many ways: to isolate opponents and frighten the population into submission, to increase labor productivity through the arrest of "inefficient" workers, and to provide labor for factories, mines, lumbering, and construction projects. Jakobson focuses on the structure and interrelations of prison agencies, the Bolshevik views of crime and punishment and inmate reeducation, and prison self-sufficiency. He also describes how political conditions and competition among prison agencies contributed to an unprecedented expansion of the system. Finally, he disputes the official claim of 1931 that the system was profitable -- a claim long accepted by former inmates and Western researchers and used to explain the proliferation of the camps and their population. Did Marxism or the Bolshevik Revolution or Leninism inexorably lead to the GULAG system? Were its origins truly evil or merely banal? Jakobson's important book probes the official record to cast new light on a system that for a time supported but ultimately helped destroy the now fallen Soviet colossus.

Brodsky’s Poetics and Aesthetics

Brodsky’s Poetics and Aesthetics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Valentina Polukhina,Lev Loseff
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1349207659
FileSize: 1557kb
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Brodsky’s Poetics and Aesthetics by Valentina Polukhina,Lev Loseff Summary

The Gulag Survivor

The Gulag Survivor Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nanci Adler
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351481711
FileSize: 380kb
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The Gulag Survivor by Nanci Adler Summary

Even before its dissolution in 1991, the Soviet Union was engaged in an ambivalent struggle to come to terms with its violent and repressive history. Following the death of Stalin in 1953, entrenched officials attempted to distance themselves from the late dictator without questioning the underlying legitimacy of the Soviet system. At the same time, the Gulag victims to society opened questions about the nature, reality, and mentality of the system that remain contentious to this day.The Gulag Survivor is the first book to examine at length and in-depth the post-camp experience of Stalin's victims and their fate in post-Soviet Russia. As such, it is an essential companion to the classic work of Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Based on extensive interviews, memoirs, official records, and recently opened archives, The Gulag Survivor describes what survivors experienced when they returned to society, how officials helped or hindered them, and how issues surrounding the existence of the returnees evolved from the fifties up to the present.Adler establishes the social and historical context of the first wave of returnees who were ""liberated"" into exile in Stalin's time. She reviews diverse aspects of return including camp culture, family reunion, and the psychological consequences of the Gulag. Adler then focuses on the enduring belief in the Communist Party among some survivors and the association between returnees and the growing dissident movement. She concludes by examining how issues surrounding the survivors reemerged in the eighties and nineties and the impact they had on the failing Soviet system. Written and researched while Russian archives were most available and while there were still survivors to tell their stories, The Gulag Survivor is a groundbreaking and essential work in modern Russian history. It will be read by historians, political scientists, Slavic scholars, and sociologists.