Le Devisement Du Monde

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The Travels of Sir John Mandeville

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Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141902817
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The Travels of Sir John Mandeville by Summary

Ostensibly written by an English knight, the Travels purport to relate his experiences in the Holy Land, Egypt, India and China. Mandeville claims to have served in the Great Khan's army, and to have travelled in 'the lands beyond' - countries populated by dog-headed men, cannibals, Amazons and Pygmies. Although Marco Polo's slightly earlier narrative ultimately proved more factually accurate, Mandeville's was widely known, used by Columbus, Leonardo da Vinci and Martin Frobisher, and inspiring writers as diverse as Swift, Defoe and Coleridge. This intriguing blend of fact, exaggeration and absurdity offers both fascinating insight into and subtle criticism of fourteenth-century conceptions of the world.

Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West

Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Suzanne Conklin Akbari,Amilcare Iannucci
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442693282
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Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West by Suzanne Conklin Akbari,Amilcare Iannucci Summary

Few figures from history evoke such vivid Orientalist associations as Marco Polo, the Venetian merchant, explorer, and writer whose accounts of the "Far East" sparked literary and cultural imaginations. The essays in Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West challenge what many scholars perceived to be an opposition of "East" and "West" in Polo's writings. These writers argue that Marco Polo's experiences along the Silk Road should instead be considered a fertile interaction of cultural exchange. The volume begins with detailed studies of Marco Polo's narrative in its many medieval forms (including French, Italian, and Latin versions). They place the text in its material and generic contexts, and situate Marco Polo's account within the conventions of travel literature and manuscript illumination. Other essays consider the appropriation of Marco Polo's narrative in adaptations, translation, and cinematic art. The concluding section presents historiographic and poetic accounts of the place of Marco Polo in the context of a global world literature. By considering the production and reception of The Travels, this collection lays the groundwork for new histories of world literature written from the perspective of cultural, economic, and linguistic exchange, rather than conquest and conflict.

Authorship, Worldview, and Identity in Medieval Europe

Authorship, Worldview, and Identity in Medieval Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christian Raffensperger
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000548341
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Authorship, Worldview, and Identity in Medieval Europe by Christian Raffensperger Summary

What did medieval authors know about their world? Were they parochial and focused on just their monastery, town, or kingdom? Or were they aware of the broader medieval Europe that modern historians write about? This collection of essays brings the focus back to medieval authors to see how they described their world. While we see that each author certainly had their own biases, the vast majority of them did not view the world as constrained to their small piece of it. Instead, they talked about the wider world and often they had informants or textual sources that informed them about the world, even if they did not visit it themselves. This volume shows that they also used similar ideas to create space and identity – whether talking about the desert, the holy land, or food practices in their texts. By examining medieval authors and their own perception of their world, this collection of essays offers a framework for discussions of medieval Europe in the twenty-first century.

Marco Polo's China

Marco Polo's China Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stephen G. Haw
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134275412
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Marco Polo's China by Stephen G. Haw Summary

Marco Polo’s famous book about his journey to China, written in 1298, continues to be a subject of considerable controversy. One recent work on the subject argues that Marco Polo never went to China at all, and other scholars have pointed out apparent mistakes and important omissions in Marco’s writings, including his failure to mention the Great Wall, and his apparently erroneous description of the course of the Yellow River. Haw re-examines Marco Polo’s writings. The main arguments against his credibility have been negative, concentrating on things that it is argued he should have seen and noted but did not. The most serious of these supposed omissions are generally said to be his failure to describe the Chinese writing system, tea, foot-binding and the Great Wall of China. Yet Haw argues that what he does mention is impressive and argues strongly for his veracity. This book clarifies Marco Polo’s itineraries in China and proposes several new identifications of places mentioned. Relying extensively on original Chinese sources and supplemented by Haw’s wide knowledge of China, Marco Polo’s China presents a convincing argument and concludes that his work is an accurate, important and useful source from an extraordinary period of Chinese history.

The Chinese Language in European Texts

The Chinese Language in European Texts Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dinu Luca
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137502916
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The Chinese Language in European Texts by Dinu Luca Summary

This detailed, chronological study investigates the rise of the European fascination with the Chinese language up to 1615. By meticulously investigating a wide range of primary sources, Dinu Luca identifies a rhetorical continuum uniting the land of the Seres, Cathay, and China in a tropology of silence, vision, and writing. Tracing the contours of this tropology, The Chinese Language in European Texts: The Early Period offers close readings of language-related contexts in works by classical authors, medieval travelers, and Renaissance cosmographers, as well as various merchants, wanderers, and missionaries, both notable and lesser-known. What emerges is a clear and comprehensive understanding of early European ideas about the Chinese language and writing system.

Medieval Animals on the Move

Medieval Animals on the Move Pdf/ePub eBook Author: László Bartosiewicz,Alice M. Choyke
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303063888X
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Medieval Animals on the Move by László Bartosiewicz,Alice M. Choyke Summary

This book investigates relations between humans and animals over several centuries with a focus on the Middle Ages, since important features of our perceptions regarding animals have been rooted in that period. Elucidating various aspects of medieval human-animal relationships requires transdisciplinary discourse, and so this book aims to reconcile the materiality of animals with complex cultural systems illustrating their subtle transitions 'between body and mind'.

Authorities in the Middle Ages

Authorities in the Middle Ages Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sini Kangas,Mia Korpiola,Tuija Ainonen
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110294567
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Authorities in the Middle Ages by Sini Kangas,Mia Korpiola,Tuija Ainonen Summary

Medievalists reading and writing about and around authority-related themes lack clear definitions of its actual meanings in the medieval context. Authorities in the Middle Ages offers answers to this thorny issue through specialized investigations. This book considers the concept of authority and explores the various practices of creating authority in medieval society. In their studies sixteen scholars investigate the definition, formation, establishment, maintenance, and collapse of what we understand in terms of medieval struggles for authority, influence and power. The interdisciplinary nature of this volume resonates with the multi-faceted field of medieval culture, its social structures, and forms of communication. The fields of expertise include history, legal studies, theology, philosophy, politics, literature and art history. The scope of inquiry extends from late antiquity to the mid-fifteenth century, from the Church Fathers debating with pagans to the rapacious ghosts ruining the life of the living in the Sagas. There is a special emphasis on such exciting but understudied areas as the Balkans, Iceland and the eastern fringes of Scandinavia.

Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West

Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Suzanne Conklin Akbari,Amilcare Iannucci
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442693282
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Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West by Suzanne Conklin Akbari,Amilcare Iannucci Summary

Few figures from history evoke such vivid Orientalist associations as Marco Polo, the Venetian merchant, explorer, and writer whose accounts of the "Far East" sparked literary and cultural imaginations. The essays in Marco Polo and the Encounter of East and West challenge what many scholars perceived to be an opposition of "East" and "West" in Polo's writings. These writers argue that Marco Polo's experiences along the Silk Road should instead be considered a fertile interaction of cultural exchange. The volume begins with detailed studies of Marco Polo's narrative in its many medieval forms (including French, Italian, and Latin versions). They place the text in its material and generic contexts, and situate Marco Polo's account within the conventions of travel literature and manuscript illumination. Other essays consider the appropriation of Marco Polo's narrative in adaptations, translation, and cinematic art. The concluding section presents historiographic and poetic accounts of the place of Marco Polo in the context of a global world literature. By considering the production and reception of The Travels, this collection lays the groundwork for new histories of world literature written from the perspective of cultural, economic, and linguistic exchange, rather than conquest and conflict.

Exchanges and Parallels between Italy and East Asia

Exchanges and Parallels between Italy and East Asia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gaoheng Zhang
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527544621
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Exchanges and Parallels between Italy and East Asia by Gaoheng Zhang Summary

This collection of essays is the first English-language study to present the latest research on Italy’s cultural relationships with China and Japan across the centuries. It explores topics ranging from travel writing to creative arts, from translation to religious accommodation, and from Cold War politics to Chinese American cuisine. The volume draws on the expertise of an interdisciplinary group of scholars trained and working in Europe, East Asia, and North America who re-assess research foci and frames, showcase transcultural and theoretically-informed research, and help to strengthen this field of study.

Art et littérature

Art et littérature Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Loup Korzilius
Editor: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042020520
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Art et littérature by Jean-Loup Korzilius Summary

Les voyages relatés dans le présent volume sont en effet fortement associés aux dimensions visuelle et scripturale en ce qu'ils se fondent sur, engendrent ou passent par l'écriture et/ou la figuration, que ce soit simultanément ou consécutivement : le voyage vers des contrées mystérieuses et déroutantes de Marco Polo, dans l'hypermonde, une campagne militaire..., le voyage formateur..., celui entrepris pour raisons pratiques ou intellectuelles..., pour s'adonner à une nostalgie improbable ..., au rêve d' une communauté idéale..., ou pour se confronter à l'étrangeté du lieu visité.En considérant les échanges variés et serrés entre les deux modes d'expression, le rapport texte/image apparaît dans la perspective du voyage comme la métaphore de l'expérience même du voyage au sens profond du terme.Cet aspect (trans)formateur du voyage est donc au coeur du présent recueil (...) Comme dans la vie de ces voyageurs, un réseau nouveau, invisible se crée sous l'effet du déplacement entre la lettre et la forme, entre ce qui était au départ inaccessible, ignoré ou impensable et le connu ou convenu...Il ne reste plus qu' à souhaiter qu'en voyageant d'un texte à l'autre, d'une illustration à l'autre, d'une ambiance historique et imaginaire à l'autre, le lecteur saisisse, lui aussi, l'occasion de circuler entre les diverses configurations du dialogue visuel/scriptural... (et) entre l'histoire, l'histoire de la littérature, de l'art, la littérature comparée et l'esthétique graphique.

The Book of Marvels and Travels

The Book of Marvels and Travels Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Mandeville
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191629111
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The Book of Marvels and Travels by John Mandeville Summary

'Another island in the Great Ocean has many sinful and malevolent women, who have precious gems in their eyes.' In his Book of Marvels and Travels, Sir John Mandeville describes a journey from Europe to Jerusalem and on into Asia, and the many wonderful and monstrous peoples and practices in the East. He tells us about the Sultan in Cairo, the Great Khan in China, and the mythical Christian prince Prester John. There are giants and pygmies, cannibals and Amazons, headless humans and people with a single foot so huge it can shield them from the sun . Forceful and opinionated, the narrator is by turns bossy, learned, playful, and moralizing, with an endless curiosity about different cultures. Written in the fourteenth century, the Book is a captivating blend of fact and fantasy, an extraordinary travel narrative that offers some revealing and unexpected attitudes towards other races and religions. It was immensely popular, and numbered among its readers Chaucer, Columbus, and Thomas More. Anthony Bale's new translation emphasizes the book's readability, and his introduction and notes bring us closer to Mandeville's medieval worldview. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Les écrivains afro-antillais à Paris (1920-1960)

Les écrivains afro-antillais à Paris (1920-1960) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Malela Buata B.
Editor: KARTHALA Editions
ISBN: 2811120254
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Les écrivains afro-antillais à Paris (1920-1960) by Malela Buata B. Summary

Ce livre est consacré aux écrivains originaires des colonies françaises d'Afrique et des Antilles qui ont vécu à Paris entre 1920 et 1960. Il s'agira notamment de chercher à comprendre comment les plus représentatifs d'entre eux - R. Maran. L.-S. Senghor, A. Césaire. E. Glissant, Mongo Beti - se sont construit une identité d'écrivain selon la logique propre au champ littéraire parisien. Du fait de leurs origines et de l'époque considérée, cela revient à étudier leur rapport à l'Afrique, tant d'un point de vue sociopolitique que littéraire. Les premières études qui leur ont été consacrées ont consisté en de vastes synthèses qui apportaient un éclairage historique, linguistique, psychologique et biographique sur une littérature qualifiée d'africaine. Les recherches récentes, au contraire, tendent de plus en plus à aborder les études littéraires dites " francophones " dans une perspective relationnelle et à rechercher le lien qui peut exister entre les œuvres qui occupent l'espace littéraire francophone. Ces nouvelles approches sont à compléter par une étude de la place qu'occupent les auteurs afro-antillais au sein de l'institution littéraire parisienne. B. B. Malela examine donc les conditions de leur émergence littéraire : comment, à partir de leur position sociale et politique, ont-ils réussi à percer dans le centre parisien ? Ont-ils pu constituer un champ littéraire spécifique ? Quel statut attribuent-ils à l'Afrique dans leur production ?

Cosmopolitanism and the Middle Ages

Cosmopolitanism and the Middle Ages Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Ganim,S. Legassie
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137045094
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Cosmopolitanism and the Middle Ages by J. Ganim,S. Legassie Summary

This collection of essays uncovers a wide array of medieval writings on cosmopolitan ethics and politics, writings generally ignored or glossed over in contemporary discourse. Medieval literary fictions and travel accounts provide us with rich contextualizations of the complexities and contradictions of cosmopolitan thought.

Mémoires, journaux, autobiographies

Mémoires, journaux, autobiographies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Encyclopaedia Universalis
Editor: Encyclopaedia Universalis
ISBN: 2341002447
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Mémoires, journaux, autobiographies by Encyclopaedia Universalis Summary

Bienvenue dans la collection Les Fiches de lecture d’Universalis Choses vues est un volumineux ensemble de textes que Victor Hugo (1802-1885) avait laissés impubliés. Une fiche de lecture spécialement conçue pour le numérique, pour tout savoir sur Mémoires, journaux, autobiographies Chaque fiche de lecture présente une œuvre clé de la littérature ou de la pensée. Cette présentation est couplée avec un article de synthèse sur l’auteur de l’œuvre. A propos de l’Encyclopaedia Universalis : Reconnue mondialement pour la qualité et la fiabilité incomparable de ses publications, Encyclopaedia Universalis met la connaissance à la portée de tous. Écrite par plus de 7 200 auteurs spécialistes et riche de près de 30 000 médias (vidéos, photos, cartes, dessins...), l’Encyclopaedia Universalis est la plus fiable collection de référence disponible en français. Elle aborde tous les domaines du savoir.

The Mongols and the West

The Mongols and the West Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter Jackson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 135118282X
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The Mongols and the West by Peter Jackson Summary

The Mongols and the West provides a comprehensive survey of relations between the Catholic West and the Mongol Empire from the first appearance of Chinggis (Genghis) Khan’s armies on Europe’s horizons in 1221 to the battle of Tannenberg in 1410. This book has been designed to provide a synthesis of previous scholarship on relations between the Mongols and the Catholic world as well as to offer new approaches and conclusions on the subject. It considers the tension between Western hopes of the Mongols as allies against growing Muslim powers and the Mongols’ position as conquerors with their own agenda, and evaluates the impact of Mongol-Western contacts on the West’s expanding knowledge of the world. This second edition takes into account the wealth of scholarly literature that has emerged in the years since the previous edition and contains significantly extended chapters on trade and mission. It charts the course of military confrontation and diplomatic relations between the Mongols and the West, and re-examines the commercial opportunities offered to Western merchants by Mongol rule and the failure of Catholic missionaries to convert the Mongols to Christianity. Fully revised and containing a range of maps, genealogical tables and both European and non-European sources throughout, The Mongols and the West is ideal for students of medieval European history and the crusades.

La découverte du monde

La découverte du monde Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edwy Plenel
Editor: Stock
ISBN: 2234068827
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La découverte du monde by Edwy Plenel Summary

2002, le millénaire commence dans l'incertitude et la peur, entre univers planétaire et replis identitaires. En ces temps de globalisation économique et de désarroi idéologique, on oublie un peu vite que la découverte du monde, la circulation de la marchandise et la multiplication des échanges ne datent pas d'aujourd'hui. Et l'on confond volontiers mondialisation et uniformisation. Comme s'il y avait d'un côté le Moloch de la World Culture écrasant la diversité des peuples et de l'autre la résistance vaillante des identités closes. Contre cette vision simpliste, dangereuse et oublieuse, Edwy Plenel rappelle que la rencontre des hommes et des cultures, souvent inégale, voire brutale, est aussi un moment d'ouverture et une source d'invention. 1492, aube des temps modernes et début de l'ère planétaire ; Christophe Colomb voguait vers les Amériques. 1992, aube de l'Europe du marché unique, dans le grand remue-ménage du marché mondial ; à l'occasion du cinquième centenaire de la découverte, Edwy Plenel est parti sur les traces du Grand Amiral de la mer océane. De l'Europe aux côtes africaines, des Caraïbes à l'Amérique centrale, des ruelles de Gênes à la côte des Moustiques, il a visité toutes les terres croisées par le navigateur durant sa vie aventureuse. Une chronique hybride à l'instar de son héros, européen avant l'heure, homme de transition entre Moyen Âge et Renaissance, découvreur de paradis et convoyeur d'esclaves, fervent catholique mais peut-être juif, homme de paix et fauteur de guerres.

Transnational Modern Languages

Transnational Modern Languages Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jennifer Burns,Derek Duncan
Editor: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1800345569
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Transnational Modern Languages by Jennifer Burns,Derek Duncan Summary

An Open Access edition of this book will be available on the Liverpool University Press website and the OAPEN library. In a world increasingly defined by the transnational and translingual, and by the pressures of globalization, it has become difficult to study culture as primarily a national phenomenon. A Handbook offers students across Modern Languages an introduction to the kind of methodological questions they need to look at culture transnationally. Each of the short essays takes a key concept in cultural study and suggests how it might be used to explore and illuminate some aspect of identity, mobility, translation, and cultural exchange across borders. The authors range over different language areas and their wide chronological reach provides broad coverage, as well as a flexible and practical methodology for studying cultures in a transnational framework. The essays show that an inclusive, transnational vision and practice of Modern Languages is central to understanding human interaction in an inclusive, globalized society. A Handbook stands as an effective and necessary theoretical and thematically diverse glossary and companion to the ‘national’ volumes in the series.

La quatrième partie du monde

La quatrième partie du monde Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Toby Lester
Editor: JC Lattès
ISBN: 2709641542
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La quatrième partie du monde by Toby Lester Summary

La course aux confins de la Terre et l’histoire épique de la carte qui donnera son nom à l’Amérique. En 2003, la Library of Congress de Washington achète pour la somme de dix millions de dollars la première carte sur laquelle figurait le nom « America ». Elle avait été dessinée en 1507, quinze ans après le voyage de Christophe Colomb, par un cartographe allemand, Martin Waldseemüller, et était considérée comme « l’acte de naissance de l’Amérique ». Dans cette superbe saga, Toby Lester raconte comment, à cette époque, la convergence des idées, des découvertes et des forces sociales rendit la carte possible. Les moines du monastère de Saint Dié, en rassemblant les témoignages, les récits de voyages des explorateurs, des érudits, des dignitaires de l’Église, des navigateurs et bien sûr de leurs prédécesseurs cartographes et géographes mirent de l’ordre et du sens à la représentation du monde à une époque où les Européens – en particulier Copernic – repensaient leur place dans le cosmos. La carte de Waldseemüller donne son unité à l’ouvrage : du cœur de l’Europe on part à la conquête du monde avec Amerigo Vespucci, Christophe Colomb, Marco Polo, on découvre aussi comment les conciles permettent autant que les quais des grands ports de transmettre les dernières découvertes, comment des légendes interpénètrent la véritable histoire. Un fabuleux voyage aussi bien géographique qu’intellectuel. Traduit de l’anglais par Bernard Sigaud

Pious Pilgrims, Discerning Travellers, Curious Tourists: Changing Patterns of Travel to the Middle East from Medieval to Modern Times

Pious Pilgrims, Discerning Travellers, Curious Tourists: Changing Patterns of Travel to the Middle East from Medieval to Modern Times Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Starkey,Janet Starkey
Editor: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1789697530
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Pious Pilgrims, Discerning Travellers, Curious Tourists: Changing Patterns of Travel to the Middle East from Medieval to Modern Times by Paul Starkey,Janet Starkey Summary

This volume comprises a varied collection of seventeen papers presented at the biennial conference of the Association for the Study of Travel in Egypt and the Near East (ASTENE) held in York in July 2019, which together will provide the reader with a fascinating introduction to travel in and to the Middle East over more than a thousand years.

Water Engineering inAncient Civilizations

Water Engineering inAncient Civilizations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pierre-Louis Viollet
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203375319
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Water Engineering inAncient Civilizations by Pierre-Louis Viollet Summary

This new book offers an engineer's perspective on the history of water technology and its impact on the development of civilisation. A Second Edition and translation into English of the French book "L'Hydraulique dans les Civilisations Anciennes".Water professionals, engineers, scientists, and students will find this book fascinating and invaluable

Le péril jaune à la fin du XIXe siècle

Le péril jaune à la fin du XIXe siècle Pdf/ePub eBook Author: François Pavé
Editor: Editions L\'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296517226
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Le péril jaune à la fin du XIXe siècle by François Pavé Summary

Depuis plusieurs années, le décollage économique de la Chine préoccupe les opinions publiques des pays occidentaux. Le spectre du péril jaune, expression née à la fin du XIXe siècle, réapparaît. Ce péril revêt alors plusieurs formes. Militaire d'abord, car les Européens craignent l'instabilité politique qui caractérise l'Extrême-Orient, les conflits qui s'y succèdent exposant les Occidentaux établis en Asie. Démographique également, la présence des Chinois de par le monde progressant rapidement.

The Medieval Invention of Travel

The Medieval Invention of Travel Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shayne Aaron Legassie
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022644273X
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The Medieval Invention of Travel by Shayne Aaron Legassie Summary

Over the course of the Middle Ages, the economies of Europe, Asia, and northern Africa became more closely integrated, fostering the international and intercontinental journeys of merchants, pilgrims, diplomats, missionaries, and adventurers. During a time in history when travel was often difficult, expensive, and fraught with danger, these wayfarers composed accounts of their experiences in unprecedented numbers and transformed traditional conceptions of human mobility. Exploring this phenomenon, The Medieval Invention of Travel draws on an impressive array of sources to develop original readings of canonical figures such as Marco Polo, John Mandeville, and Petrarch, as well as a host of lesser-known travel writers. As Shayne Aaron Legassie demonstrates, the Middle Ages inherited a Greco-Roman model of heroic travel, which viewed the ideal journey as a triumph over temptation and bodily travail. Medieval travel writers revolutionized this ancient paradigm by incorporating practices of reading and writing into the ascetic regime of the heroic voyager, fashioning a bold new conception of travel that would endure into modern times. Engaging methods and insights from a range of disciplines, The Medieval Invention of Travel offers a comprehensive account of how medieval travel writers and their audiences reshaped the intellectual and material culture of Europe for centuries to come.

The Mongol World

The Mongol World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Timothy May,Michael Hope
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351676318
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The Mongol World by Timothy May,Michael Hope Summary

Drawing upon research carried out in several different languages and across a variety of disciplines, The Mongol World documents how Mongol rule shaped the trajectory of Eurasian history from Central Europe to the Korean Peninsula, from the thirteenth century to the fifteenth century. Contributing authors consider how intercontinental environmental, economic, and intellectual trends affected the Empire as a whole and, where appropriate, situate regional political, social, and religious shifts within the context of the broader Mongol Empire. Issues pertaining to the Mongols and their role within the societies that they conquered therefore take precedence over the historical narrative of the societies that they conquered. Alongside the formation, conquests, administration, and political structure of the Mongol Empire, the second section examines archaeology and art history, family and royal households, science and exploration, and religion, which provides greater insight into the social history of the Empire -- an aspect often neglected by traditional dynastic and political histories. With 58 chapters written by both senior and early-career scholars, the volume is an essential resource for all students and scholars who study the Mongol Empire from its origins to its disintegration and legacy.

2012

2012 Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110278715
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2012 by Summary

Particularly in the humanities and social sciences, festschrifts are a popular forum for discussion. The IJBF provides quick and easy general access to these important resources for scholars and students. The festschrifts are located in state and regional libraries and their bibliographic details are recorded. Since 1983, more than 659,000 articles from more than 30,500 festschrifts, published between 1977 and 2011, have been catalogued.

The Plausible World

The Plausible World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: B. Westphal
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137364599
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The Plausible World by B. Westphal Summary

In The Plausible World , the intersections of literature and cartography enable readers to understand that place is anything but purely geographic: a plausible world is created as a strategy to fill the void. Innovative in his approach, Westphal challenges the view that perceptions and representations of space are stable or straightforward.

Guide du Routard Vietnam 2022/23

Guide du Routard Vietnam 2022/23 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Collectif
Editor: Hachette Tourisme
ISBN: 2017115096
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Guide du Routard Vietnam 2022/23 by Collectif Summary

Cet ebook est une version numérique du guide papier sans interactivité additionnelle Dans le Routard Vietnam mis à jour, vous trouverez : une première partie tout en couleurs pour découvrir le pays à l'aide de photos et de cartes illustrant nos coups de coeur; des suggestions d'itinéraires et des infos pratiques pour organiser votre séjour ; et, bien sûr, des adresses vérifiées sur le terrain ; des visites et activités en dehors des sentiers battus ; des cartes et plans détaillés. Merci à tous les Routards qui partagent nos convictions depuis bientôt 50 ans : Liberté et indépendance d'esprit ; découverte et partage ; sincérité, tolérance et respect des autres.

Medieval French Literary Culture Abroad

Medieval French Literary Culture Abroad Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jane Gilbert,Simon Gaunt,William Burgwinkle
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192568604
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Medieval French Literary Culture Abroad by Jane Gilbert,Simon Gaunt,William Burgwinkle Summary

The monograph series Oxford Studies in Medieval Literature and Culture showcases the plurilingual and multicultural quality of medieval literature and actively seeks to promote research that not only focuses on the array of subjects medievalists now pursue in literature, theology, and philosophy, in social, political, jurisprudential, and intellectual history, the history of art, and the history of science but also that combines these subjects productively. It offers innovative studies on topics that may include, but are not limited to, manuscript and book history; languages and literatures of the global Middle Ages; race and the post-colonial; the digital humanities, media and performance; music; medicine; the history of affect and the emotions; the literature and practices of devotion; the theory and history of gender and sexuality, ecocriticism and the environment; theories of aesthetics; medievalism. The field of medieval francophone literary culture outside France was for many years a minor and peripheral sub-field of medieval French literary studies (or, in the case of Anglo-Norman, of English studies). The past two decades, however, have seen a major reassessment of the use of French in England, in the Low Countries, in Italy, and in the eastern Mediterranean, and this impacts significantly upon the history of literature in French more generally. This book is the first to look at the question overall, rather than just at one region. It also takes a more sustained theorised approach than other studies, drawing particularly on Derrida and on Actor-Network Theory. It discusses a wide range of texts, some of which have hitherto been regarded as marginal to French literary history, and makes the case for this material being more central to the literary history of French than was allowed in more traditional approaches focused narrowly on 'France'. Many of the arguments in Medieval French Literary Culture Abroad are grounded in readings of texts in manuscript (rather than in modern critical editions), and sustained attention is paid throughout to manuscripts that were produced or travelled outside the kingdom of France.

The Indies Enterprise

The Indies Enterprise Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Érik Orsenna
Editor: Haus Publishing
ISBN: 1907822496
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The Indies Enterprise by Érik Orsenna Summary

The Columbus brothers worked relentlessly for eight years to prepare the voyage Christopher dreamed of: the search for the passage to the Indies, Cipango and the Empire of the Great Khan. Bartolomeo tells the story from the very outset; he is his brother's accomplice and the main witness to the events leading to the Indies Enterprise.

La littérature de voyage en Afrique du Nord

La littérature de voyage en Afrique du Nord Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hassan Banhakeia
Editor: Editions L\'Harmattan
ISBN: 214010479X
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La littérature de voyage en Afrique du Nord by Hassan Banhakeia Summary

L'essai est un recueil de lectures de déconstruction des récits viatiques. De l'éternel Hérodote aux Surréalistes, l'Afrique apparaît erronément située en Orient, mais uniformément fixée dans le système primaire de "l'Enquête" : la réception trouve assez de préjugés pour assouvir l'exotisme tant recherché. Aux auteurs de défendre alors le fait colonial. Ces récits précèdent les pérégrinations, d'où la panoplie de représentations réfractaires des pays visités. Les misérables tribus et indigènes démunis sont dits barbares, et la pénétration militaire, en collusion avec l'autoritarisme des gouvernements locaux, prétend établir le progrès et la civilisation...

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Human Geography

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Human Geography Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John A. Agnew,James S. Duncan
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444395822
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The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Human Geography by John A. Agnew,James S. Duncan Summary

This volume provides an up-to-date, authoritative synthesis of the discipline of human geography. Unparalleled in scope, the companion offers an indispensable overview to the field, representing both historical and contemporary perspectives. Edited and written by the world's leading authorities in the discipline Divided into three major sections: Foundations (the history of human geography from Ancient Greece to the late nineteenth century); The Classics (the roots of modern human geography); Contemporary Approaches (current issues and themes in human geography) Each contemporary issue is examined by two contributors offering distinctive perspectives on the same theme

Figures of Transcontinental Multilingualism

Figures of Transcontinental Multilingualism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: K. Alfons Knauth,Subha Chakraborty Dasgupta
Editor: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643909535
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Figures of Transcontinental Multilingualism by K. Alfons Knauth,Subha Chakraborty Dasgupta Summary

This volume investigates outstanding figures and configurations of literary and cultural multilingualism on a transcontinental and on a global scale. Its first focus is on the both subcontinental and transcontinental Indies, on the oxymoronic figure of East West India and on the stirring 'relations through words' in Luso-Afro-Indian, Anglo-Indian, and Indo-European areas. The second focus is on the cross-cultural configuration of East and West shaped by some striking Sino-European and Sino-American events in early modern and modern times. A third issue concerns the glocal and globoglot 'people of paper' in a contemporary Californian town, and, lastly, the all-embracing, all-devouring ouroboros and other multi-lingual ophidians. (Series: poethik polyglott, Vol. 4) [Subject: Linguistics, Multilingualism]

Race Is about Politics

Race Is about Politics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Frédéric Schaub
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691207259
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Race Is about Politics by Jean-Frédéric Schaub Summary

How the history of racism without visible differences between people challenges our understanding of the history of racial thinking Racial divisions have returned to the forefront of politics in the United States and European societies, making it more important than ever to understand race and racism. But do we? In this original and provocative book, acclaimed historian Jean-Frédéric Schaub shows that we don't—and that we need to rethink the widespread assumption that racism is essentially a modern form of discrimination based on skin color and other visible differences. On the contrary, Schaub argues that to understand racism we must look at historical episodes of collective discrimination where there was no visible difference between people. Built around notions of identity and otherness, race is above all a political tool that must be understood in the context of its historical origins. Although scholars agree that races don't exist except as ideological constructions, they disagree about when these ideologies emerged. Drawing on historical research from the early modern period to today, Schaub makes the case that the key turning point in the political history of race in the West occurred not with the Atlantic slave trade and American slavery, as many historians have argued, but much earlier, in fifteenth-century Spain and Portugal, with the racialization of Christians of Jewish and Muslim origin. These Christians were discriminated against under the new idea that they had negative social and moral traits that were passed from generation to generation through blood, semen, or milk—an idea whose legacy has persisted through the age of empires to today. Challenging widespread definitions of race and offering a new chronology of racial thinking, Schaub shows why race must always be understood in the context of its political history.

Winds of the Steppe

Winds of the Steppe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bernard Ollivier
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1510746927
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Winds of the Steppe by Bernard Ollivier Summary

Bernard Ollivier pushes onward in his attempt to become the first person to walk the entire length of the Great Silk Road. “A gripping account. More than just a travel story—this is a quest for the Other.”—Alexis Liebaert, L’Événement Picking up where Walking to Samarkand left off, Winds of the Steppe continues the astonishing tale of journalist Bernard Ollivier’s 7,200-mile walk from Turkey to China along the Silk Road, the longest and most mythical trade route of all time. Taking readers from the snows of the Pamir Mountains to the backstreets of Kashgar—a Central Asian city that could be the setting for One Thousand and One Nights—to the Tian Shan Mountains to the endless Taklamakan and Gobi Deserts of China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Bernard Ollivier continues his epic foot journey along the Great Silk Road hoping to make his way to Han China and reach, at long last, the legendary city of Xi’an. After traveling through a region dotted with former Buddhist shrines, Ollivier finds himself craving the warm welcome of Islamic lands, where, regardless of their culture or nationality, travelers are often treated as esteemed guests. Beyond the occasional vestige of the old Silk Road, Ollivier comes face to face with sites of religious significance, China’s Great Wall, and of course thousands of everyday people along the way. As Ollivier tries to make sense of his journey and find connections between these people’s daily lives and the so-called “modern” world, he does so with a sense of humility that transforms his personal journey into a universal quest.

Rebel Barons

Rebel Barons Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Luke Sunderland
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019109272X
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Rebel Barons by Luke Sunderland Summary

Ambivalence towards kings, and other sovereign powers, is deep-seated in medieval culture: sovereigns might provide justice, but were always potential tyrants, who usurped power and 'stole' through taxation. Rebel Barons writes the history of this ambivalence, which was especially acute in England, France, and Italy in the twelfth to fifteenth centuries, when the modern ideology of sovereignty, arguing for monopolies on justice and the legitimate use of violence, was developed. Sovereign powers asserted themselves militarily and economically provoking complex phenomena of resistance by aristocrats. This volume argues that the chansons de geste, the key genre for disseminating models of violent noble opposition to sovereigns, offer a powerful way of understanding acts of resistance. Traditionally seen as France's epic literary monuments - the Chanson de Roland is often presented as foundational of French literature - chansons de geste in fact come from areas antagonistic to France, such as Burgundy, England, Flanders, Occitania, and Italy, where they were reworked repeatedly from the twelfth century to the fifteenth and recast into prose and chronicle forms. Rebel baron narratives were the principal vehicle for aristocratic concerns about tyranny, for models of violent opposition to sovereigns and for fantasies of escape from the Carolingian world via crusade and Oriental adventures. Rebel Barons reads this corpus across its full range of historical and geographical relevance, and through changes in form, as well as placing it in dialogue with medieval political theory, to bring out the contributions of literary texts to political debates. Revealing the widespread and long-lived importance of these anti-royalist works supporting regional aristocratic rights to feud and revolt, Rebel Barons reshapes our knowledge of reactions to changing political realities at a crux period in European history.

Demons and Spirits of the Land

Demons and Spirits of the Land Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Claude Lecouteux
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1620554003
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Demons and Spirits of the Land by Claude Lecouteux Summary

An exploration of the wild spirits that once roamed the lands and inhabited the waters and the pagan rites used to gain their good will • Explores medieval stories and folk traditions of brownies, fairies, giants, dragons, will-o’-the-wisps, and demons • Explains the specific rites performed to negotiate with the local spirits and ensure their permission before building on new land • Shows how these beliefs carried through to modern times, especially in architecture Our pagan ancestors knew that every forest has brownies and fairies, every spring its lady, and every river malevolent beings in its depths. They told tales of giants in the hills, dragons in the lakes, marshes swarming with will-o’-the-wisps, and demons and wild folk in the mountains who enjoyed causing landslides, avalanches, and floods. They both feared and respected these entities, knowing the importance of appeasing them for safe travel and a prosperous homestead. Exploring medieval stories, folk traditions, spiritual place names, and pagan rituals of home building and site selection, Claude Lecouteux reveals the multitude of spirits and entities that once inhabited the land before modern civilization repressed them into desert solitude, impenetrable forests, and inaccessible mountains. He explains how, to our ancestors, enclosing a space was a sacred act. Specific rites had to be performed to negotiate with the local spirits and ensure proper placement and protection of a new building. These land spirits often became the household spirit, taking up residence in a new building in exchange for permission to build on their territory. Lecouteux explores Arthurian legends, folk tales, and mythology for evidence of the untamed spirits of the wilderness, such as giants, dragons, and demons, and examines the rites and ceremonies used to gain their good will. Lecouteux reveals how, despite outright Church suppression, belief in these spirits carried through to modern times and was a primary influence on architecture, an influence still visible in today’s buildings. The author also shows how our ancestors’ concern for respecting nature is increasingly relevant in today’s world.

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