Le Nouvel Esprit Du Capitalisme

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On Justification

On Justification Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400827140
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On Justification by Summary

A vital and underappreciated dimension of social interaction is the way individuals justify their actions to others, instinctively drawing on their experience to appeal to principles they hope will command respect. Individuals, however, often misread situations, and many disagreements can be explained by people appealing, knowingly and unknowingly, to different principles. On Justification is the first English translation of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot's ambitious theoretical examination of these phenomena, a book that has already had a huge impact on French sociology and is likely to have a similar influence in the English-speaking world. In this foundational work of post-Bourdieu sociology, the authors examine a wide range of situations where people justify their actions. The authors argue that justifications fall into six main logics exemplified by six authors: civic (Rousseau), market (Adam Smith), industrial (Saint-Simon), domestic (Bossuet), inspiration (Augustine), and fame (Hobbes). The authors show how these justifications conflict, as people compete to legitimize their views of a situation. On Justification is likely to spark important debates across the social sciences.

Enrichment

Enrichment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Luc Boltanski,Arnaud Esquerre
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509528741
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Enrichment by Luc Boltanski,Arnaud Esquerre Summary

This book offers a major new account of modern capitalism and of the ways in which value and wealth are created today. Boltanski and Esquerre argue that capitalism in the West has recently undergone a fundamental transformation characterized by de-industrialization, on the one hand, and, on the other, by the increased exploitation of certain resources that, while not entirely new, have taken on unprecedented importance. It is this new form of exploitation that has given rise to what they call the ‘enrichment economy’. The enrichment economy is based less on the production of new objects and more on the enrichment of things and places that already exist. It has grown out of a combination of many different activities and phenomena, all of which involve, in their varying ways, the exploitation of the past. The enrichment economy draws upon the trade in things that are intended above all for the wealthy, thus providing a supplementary source of enrichment for the wealthy people who deal in these things and exacerbating income inequality. As opportunities to profit from the exploitation of industrial labour began to diminish, capitalism shifted its focus to expand the range of things that could be exploited. This gave rise to a plurality of different forms for making things valuable – valuing objects in terms of their properties is only one such form. The form that plays a central role in the enrichment economy is what the authors call the ‘collection form’, which values objects based on the gap they fill in a collection. This valuation process relies on the creation of narratives which enrich commodities. This wide-ranging and highly original work makes a major contribution to our understanding of contemporary societies and of how capitalism is changing today. It will be of great value to students and scholars in sociology, political economy and cultural studies, as well as to anyone interested in the social and economic transformations shaping our world.

The Protestant Work Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

The Protestant Work Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Max Weber
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1627931295
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The Protestant Work Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism by Max Weber Summary

In The Protestant Ethic, Max Weber opposes the Marxist concept of dialectical materialism and relates the rise of the capitalist economy to the Calvinist belief in the moral value of hard work and the fulfillment of one's worldly duties. Based on the original 1905 edition, this volume includes, along with Weber's treatise, an illuminating introduction, a wealth of explanatory notes, and exemplary responses and remarks-both from Weber and his critics-sparked by publication of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.

Finance Reconsidered

Finance Reconsidered Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bernard Paranque,Roland Perez
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1785609793
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Finance Reconsidered by Bernard Paranque,Roland Perez Summary

This volume argues the need for a radical break with the methodological individualism that dominates economics, management and finance, asking 'How should we (re)define the concept of value?' and serving as a stepping stone for the rethinking of academic finance.

Le nouvel esprit solidaire

Le nouvel esprit solidaire Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bruno Frère,Luc Boltanski,Jean-Louis Laville
Editor: Desclée De Brouwer
ISBN: 2220095088
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Le nouvel esprit solidaire by Bruno Frère,Luc Boltanski,Jean-Louis Laville Summary

Dans cet ouvrage, Bruno Frère montre comment l'imaginaire associationniste de l'économie qualifiée aujourd'hui de " solidaire " plonge ses racines profondes dans les mouvements et les pensées révolutionnaires libertaires qui ont agité la France du milieu du XIXe siècle. Ces mouvements apparaissaient alors comme une réelle proposition d'organisation sociale et politique alternative à l'économie de marché, sans pour autant céder aux sirènes du socialisme organisé et à la dictature du prolétariat. Ils portaient les espoirs de résorber ce qui apparaissait comme étant une première crise de la modernité. Aujourd'hui, cet imaginaire semble renaître avec les initiatives de microcrédit, d'entreprises alternatives, de services de proximité, de commerce équitable et d'échanges non monétaires. Peut-on déjà y voir une voie de sortie hors de la crise actuelle la modernité ?

Justification, Evaluation and Critique in the Study of Organizations

Justification, Evaluation and Critique in the Study of Organizations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charlotte Cloutier,Jean-Pascal Gond,Bernard Leca
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787143791
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Justification, Evaluation and Critique in the Study of Organizations by Charlotte Cloutier,Jean-Pascal Gond,Bernard Leca Summary

This volume explores how mobilizing Boltanski and Thévenot’s economies of worth framework, and its associated concepts of justification, evaluation and critique, help address questions regarding the premises and dynamics of coordinated action, both within and across organizations, and by so doing help advance our understanding.

Le nouvel esprit de Marseille

Le nouvel esprit de Marseille Pdf/ePub eBook Author: André Donzel
Editor: Editions L\'Harmattan
ISBN: 2336360586
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Le nouvel esprit de Marseille by André Donzel Summary

Depuis quelques décennies, Marseille et son aire métropolitaine sont entrées dans un intense processus de changement. Mais l'heure est cependant venue pour elle d'envisager un autre mode de développement. Son paysage institutionnel est en pleine recomposition et elle connaît parallèlement un essor culturel sans précédent.Cet ouvrage dresse un état complet de ces transformations, il en évalue la portée et les limites, avec en filigrane, une interrogation sur les processus de métropolisation dans le contexte français.

The Social Sciences of Quantification

The Social Sciences of Quantification Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Isabelle Bruno,Florence Jany-Catrice,Béatrice Touchelay
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319440004
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The Social Sciences of Quantification by Isabelle Bruno,Florence Jany-Catrice,Béatrice Touchelay Summary

This book details how quantification can serve both as evidence and as an instrument of government, whether when dealing with statistics on employment, occupational health and economic governance, or when developing public management or target-driven policies. In the process, it presents a thought-provoking homage to Alain Desrosières, who pioneered ways to study large numbers and the politics underlying them. It opens with a summary of Desrosières's contributions to the field in which several generations of researchers detail how this statistician and historian profoundly influenced them. This tribute, based on personal testimonies, bears witness to the vitality of the school of thought and analytical framework Desrosières initiated. Next, a collection of essays explores the statistical argument in the neoliberal era, examining issues such as counting the homeless in Europe, measuring the performance of public services, and quantifying the effects of public action on the unemployed in France. The third part details the uses of quantification. It reveals that although statistics are frequently used to the advantage of those in power, they can also play a vital role in challenging and resisting both the conventions underlying the measurements as well as the measurements themselves.Featuring the work of economists, historians, political scientists, sociologists, and statisticians, this title provides readers with a thoughtful look at an influential figure in the history of statistics. It also shows how statistics are used to direct public policy, the degree of conflict that is possible in their production, and the disputes that can develop around their uses.

The Other Rise of the Novel in Eighteenth-Century French Fiction

The Other Rise of the Novel in Eighteenth-Century French Fiction Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Olivier Delers
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1611495822
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The Other Rise of the Novel in Eighteenth-Century French Fiction by Olivier Delers Summary

The Other Rise of the Novel relies on new research concerning the relevance of bourgeois values and ideals in the early modern period in France to question the extent to which characters in works of fiction portray the rise of individualistic and self-interested behavior.

Auguste Blanqui and the Politics of Popular Empowerment

Auguste Blanqui and the Politics of Popular Empowerment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Philippe Le Goff
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350076813
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Auguste Blanqui and the Politics of Popular Empowerment by Philippe Le Goff Summary

Few individuals made such an impact on nineteenth-century French politics as Louis-Auguste Blanqui (1805-1881). Political organiser, leader, propagandist and prisoner, Blanqui was arguably the foremost proponent of popular power to emerge after the French Revolution. Practical engagement in all the major uprisings that spanned the course of his life – 1830, 1848, 1870-71 – was accompanied by theoretical reflections on a broad range of issues, from free will and fatalism to public education and individual development. Since his death, however, Blanqui has not been simply overlooked or neglected; his name has widely become synonymous with theoretical misconception and practical misadventure. Auguste Blanqui and the Politics of Popular Empowerment offers a major re-evaluation of one the most controversial figures in the history of revolutionary politics. The book draws extensively on Blanqui's manuscripts and published works, as well as writings only recently translated into English for the first time. Through a detailed reconstruction and critical analysis of Blanqui's political thought, it challenges the prevailing image of an unthinking insurrectionist and rediscovers a forceful and compelling theory of collective political action and radical social change. It suggests that some of Blanqui's fundamental assumptions – from the insistence on the primacy of subjective determination to the rejection of historical necessity – are still relevant to politics today.

The Dictionary of Alternatives

The Dictionary of Alternatives Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Parker,Valerie Fournier,Patrick Reedy
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1848130619
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The Dictionary of Alternatives by Martin Parker,Valerie Fournier,Patrick Reedy Summary

'There is no alternative to free market liberalism and managerialism', is the orthodoxy of the twenty-first century. All too often, ordinary people across the world are being told that the problem of organization is already solved, or that it is being solved somewhere else, or that it need not concern them because they have no choices. This dictionary provides those who disagree with the evidence. Using hundreds of entries and cross-references, it proves that there are many alternatives to the way that we currently organize ourselves. These alternatives could be expressed as fictional utopias, they could be excavated from the past, or they could be described in terms of the contemporary politics of anti-corporate protest, environmentalism, feminism and localism. Part reference work, part source book, and part polemic, this dictionary provides a rich understanding of the ways in which fiction, history and today's politics provide different ways of thinking about how we can and should organize for the coming century.

The New Industrial State

The New Industrial State Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Kenneth Galbraith
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400873185
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The New Industrial State by John Kenneth Galbraith Summary

With searing wit and incisive commentary, John Kenneth Galbraith redefined America's perception of itself in The New Industrial State, one of his landmark works. The United States is no longer a free-enterprise society, Galbraith argues, but a structured state controlled by the largest companies. Advertising is the means by which these companies manage demand and create consumer "need" where none previously existed. Multinational corporations are the continuation of this power system on an international level. The goal of these companies is not the betterment of society, but immortality through an uninterrupted stream of earnings. First published in 1967, The New Industrial State continues to resonate today.

The Occupy Handbook

The Occupy Handbook Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Janet Byrne
Editor: Little, Brown
ISBN: 0316220205
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The Occupy Handbook by Janet Byrne Summary

Analyzing the movement's deep-seated origins in questions that the country has sought too long to ignore, some of the greatest economic minds and most incisive cultural commentators - from Paul Krugman, Robin Wells, Michael Lewis, Robert Reich, Amy Goodman, Barbara Ehrenreich, Gillian Tett, Scott Turow, Bethany McLean, Brandon Adams, and Tyler Cowen to prominent labor leaders and young, cutting-edge economists and financial writers whose work is not yet widely known - capture the Occupy Wall Street phenomenon in all its ragged glory, giving readers an on-the-scene feel for the movement as it unfolds while exploring the heady growth of the protests, considering the lasting changes wrought, and recommending reform. A guide to the occupation, THE OCCUPY HANDBOOK is a talked-about source for understanding why 1% of the people in America take almost a quarter of the nation's income and the long-term effects of a protest movement that even the objects of its attack can find little fault with.

Critique of Black Reason

Critique of Black Reason Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Achille Mbembe
Editor: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822373238
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Critique of Black Reason by Achille Mbembe Summary

In Critique of Black Reason eminent critic Achille Mbembe offers a capacious genealogy of the category of Blackness—from the Atlantic slave trade to the present—to critically reevaluate history, racism, and the future of humanity. Mbembe teases out the intellectual consequences of the reality that Europe is no longer the world's center of gravity while mapping the relations among colonialism, slavery, and contemporary financial and extractive capital. Tracing the conjunction of Blackness with the biological fiction of race, he theorizes Black reason as the collection of discourses and practices that equated Blackness with the nonhuman in order to uphold forms of oppression. Mbembe powerfully argues that this equation of Blackness with the nonhuman will serve as the template for all new forms of exclusion. With Critique of Black Reason, Mbembe offers nothing less than a map of the world as it has been constituted through colonialism and racial thinking while providing the first glimpses of a more just future.

Identity and Capitalism

Identity and Capitalism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Marie Moran
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1473911060
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Identity and Capitalism by Marie Moran Summary

"This is a splendid book that dispels myths about 'identity' and presents a cultural-materialist case for the study of such keywords and their preoccupations under the hegemony of neoliberal capitalism." - Professor Jim McGuigan, Loughborough University 'Identity’, particularly as it is elaborated in the associated categories of ‘personal’ and ‘social’ identity, is a relatively novel concept in western thought, politics and culture. The explosion of interest in the notion of identity across popular, political and academic domains of practice since the 1960s does not represent the simple popularisation of an older term, as is widely assumed, but rather, the invention of an idea. Identity and Capitalism explores the emergence and evolution of the idea of identity in the cultural, political and social contexts of contemporary capitalist societies. Against the common supposition that identity always mattered, this book shows that what we now think of routinely as ‘personal identity’ actually only emerged with the explosion of consumption in the late-twentieth century. It also makes the case that what we now think of as different social and political ‘identities’ only came to be framed as such with the emergence of identity politics and new social movements in the political landscapes of capitalist societies in the 60s and 70s. Marie Moran provides an important new exploration of the articulation of the idea of identity to the social logic of capitalism, from the ‘organised capitalism’ of the mid-twentieth century, up to and including the neoliberal capitalism that prevails today. Drawing on the work of Raymond Williams, the cultural materialist approach developed here provides an original means of addressing the political debates about the value of identity in contemporary capitalist societies.

Media and New Capitalism in the Digital Age

Media and New Capitalism in the Digital Age Pdf/ePub eBook Author: E. Fisher
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230106064
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Media and New Capitalism in the Digital Age by E. Fisher Summary

This book explores the new terrain of network capitalism through the transformations of the discourse on technology. Rather than viewing such discourse as either a true or false reflection of reality, Fisher evaluates the ideological role that technology discourse plays in the legitimation of a new form of capitalism. Based on an extensive empirical analysis, the book argues that contemporary technology discourse at one and the same time promises more personal empowerment through network technology and legitimates a more privatized, flexible, and precarious economic constellations. Such discourse signals a new tradeoff in the political culture of capitalism, from a legitimation discourse which emphasizes the capacity of technology and technique to bring about social emancipation (through equality, stability, and security) to a legitimation discourse which focuses on the capacity of technology to bring about individual emancipation (through individual empowerment, authenticity, creativity, and cooperation). Contrary to the prevailing assumption that sees network technology as liberating from the rigidity and pitfalls of a stifling, Fordist capitalism, the book offers a theoretical framework which sees contemporary technology discourse as an ideology that legitimates the economic, social, and political arrangements of the new capitalism.

The Political Economy of Household Services in Europe

The Political Economy of Household Services in Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Clément Carbonnier
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 113747372X
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The Political Economy of Household Services in Europe by Clément Carbonnier Summary

This edited volume assesses from a variety of perspectives the policies introduced to support the development of household services across Europe. It highlights the impact of these costly policies on the creation of low quality jobs and on labour market dualisation, and questions their social and economic outcomes.

Théorie de la communication et éthique relationnelle (Collection forme et sens)

Théorie de la communication et éthique relationnelle (Collection forme et sens) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: FOURNOUT Olivier
Editor: Lavoisier
ISBN: 2746282968
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Théorie de la communication et éthique relationnelle (Collection forme et sens) by FOURNOUT Olivier Summary

Théorie de la communication et éthique relationnelle montre, à travers des études de cas, que les discours sur la communication sont marqués d'une structure relationnelle qui prend son origine dans la perception de l'espace, dans le langage, dans l'esprit, mais aussi dans les formes graphiques et mises en page textuelles en circulation dans la société. Cet ouvrage met cette matrice relationnelle à l'épreuve, notamment, de la pensée systémique, de la complexité en science, du dialogisme en littérature, du traitement journalistique des conflits, de l'éthique managériale, des méthodes d'apprentissage de la communication, de campagnes de publicité, d'oeuvres d'artistes, de scénographies, de communications par internet.

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism

The Age of Surveillance Capitalism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shoshana Zuboff
Editor: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 1610395700
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The Age of Surveillance Capitalism by Shoshana Zuboff Summary

The challenges to humanity posed by the digital future, the first detailed examination of the unprecedented form of power called "surveillance capitalism," and the quest by powerful corporations to predict and control our behavior. In this masterwork of original thinking and research, Shoshana Zuboff provides startling insights into the phenomenon that she has named surveillance capitalism. The stakes could not be higher: a global architecture of behavior modification threatens human nature in the twenty-first century just as industrial capitalism disfigured the natural world in the twentieth. Zuboff vividly brings to life the consequences as surveillance capitalism advances from Silicon Valley into every economic sector. Vast wealth and power are accumulated in ominous new "behavioral futures markets," where predictions about our behavior are bought and sold, and the production of goods and services is subordinated to a new "means of behavioral modification." The threat has shifted from a totalitarian Big Brother state to a ubiquitous digital architecture: a "Big Other" operating in the interests of surveillance capital. Here is the crucible of an unprecedented form of power marked by extreme concentrations of knowledge and free from democratic oversight. Zuboff's comprehensive and moving analysis lays bare the threats to twenty-first century society: a controlled "hive" of total connection that seduces with promises of total certainty for maximum profit -- at the expense of democracy, freedom, and our human future. With little resistance from law or society, surveillance capitalism is on the verge of dominating the social order and shaping the digital future -- if we let it.

Women, Practice, Architecture

Women, Practice, Architecture Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Naomi Stead
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317755057
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Women, Practice, Architecture by Naomi Stead Summary

The image of the architect is undeniably gendered. While the male architect might be celebrated as the ideal man in Hollywood romantic comedies, blessed with practicality and creativity in equal measure to impeccable taste and an enviable lifestyle, the image of the woman architect is not so clear cut. While women have been practicing and excelling in architecture for more than a hundred years, their professional identity, as constructed in the media, is complex and sometimes contradictory. This book explores the working lives and aspirations of women in architectural practice, but more than this it explores how popular media – newspapers, magazines, and websites – serve to define and describe who a woman architect should be, what she should look like and how she should behave. Looking further, into the way that professional characteristics are reinforced through awards like the Pritzker Prize, the book demonstrates how idealised characteristics such as sensitivity and vision are seen to be neither entirely masculine nor feminine, but instead a complex hybrid owing much to historic concepts of genius. Drawing on history, sociology, media analysis and feminist theories of architectural practice, the book will be of interest to all of those who seek to better understand the image and identity of the architect. This book was published as a double special issue of Architectural Theory Review.

Venture Labor

Venture Labor Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gina Neff
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262300524
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Venture Labor by Gina Neff Summary

Why employees of pioneering Internet companies chose to invest their time, energy, hopes, and human capital in start-up ventures. In the dot-com boom of the late 1990s, employees of Internet startups took risks—left well-paying jobs for the chance of striking it rich through stock options (only to end up unemployed a year later), relocated to areas that were epicenters of a booming industry (that shortly went bust), chose the opportunity to be creative over the stability of a set schedule. In Venture Labor, Gina Neff investigates choices like these made by high-tech workers in New York City's “Silicon Alley” in the 1990s. Why did these workers exhibit entrepreneurial behavior in their jobs—investing time, energy, and other personal resources that Neff terms “venture labor”—when they themselves were employees and not entrepreneurs? Neff argues that this behavior was part of a broader shift in society in which economic risk shifted away from collective responsibility toward individual responsibility. In the new economy, risk and reward took the place of job loyalty, and the dot-com boom helped glorify risks. Company flexibility was gained at the expense of employee security. Through extensive interviews, Neff finds not the triumph of the entrepreneurial spirit but a mixture of motivations and strategies, informed variously by bravado, naïveté, and cold calculation. She connects these individual choices with larger social and economic structures, making it clear that understanding venture labor is of paramount importance for encouraging innovation and, even more important, for creating sustainable work environments that support workers.

Networks, Trust and Social Capital

Networks, Trust and Social Capital Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sokratis M. Koniordos
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351915193
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Networks, Trust and Social Capital by Sokratis M. Koniordos Summary

The concepts of social networks, social capital and trust play an increasingly central role in the social sciences. They have become indispensable conceptual tools for the analysis of post-industrial/late-modern societies, which are characterized by such features as the relative decline of formal hierarchies, the development of flexible social arrangements in the sphere of production and the extreme mobility of capital. This is the first book to study the interrelationships between these important concepts both theoretically and empirically. Drawing on empirical investigations from a range of diverse European social contexts, the contributors develop an economic sociology that builds on and extends established theoretical perspectives. The book opens with an introduction to the theoretical ideas: relating social capital to reciprocity, trust and social networks in line with current debates. The authors go on to discuss the concept of social embededdness, addressing the economic effects of social capital by examining the network and trust foundations of labour markets and investigating the structural limits of trusting networks. They conclude with an exploration of the impact of networking and the functioning of trust and social capital on the economic arrangements and performance of nascent capitalist economies in post-Communist Europe. This thematically unified collection by a team of distinguished contributors from across Europe provides an innovative and distinctive contribution to an expanding area of research.

In Search of the Liberal Moment

In Search of the Liberal Moment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: S. Sawyer,Iain Stewart
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137581263
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In Search of the Liberal Moment by S. Sawyer,Iain Stewart Summary

This book explores a series of challenging new perspectives on the origins, development, and legacy of France's 'liberal moment' during the second half of the twentieth century. It surveys a significant shift in interest regarding socio-political philosophy and culture, with the 1970s emergence of a blossoming French curiosity about liberalism and liberal thought. While liberalism had played an important role in French political debate prior to this period, liberal voices were often disregarded. It was not until this newfound fascination with liberalism by French intellectuals—spanning from the second left to the new right—that a French liberal revival truly occurred. In Search of the Liberal Moment addresses this revival, its resultant resuscitation of nineteenth-century authors like Tocqueville and Constant, its relationship with the contemporary rise of neoliberalism in Britain and the US, and how its adherents used liberalism to rethink the past, present, and future of modern democracy.

Michel Houellebecq

Michel Houellebecq Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Douglas Morrey
Editor: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1781387664
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Michel Houellebecq by Douglas Morrey Summary

An Open Access edition of this book is available on the Liverpool University Press website and the OAPEN library. Michel Houellebecq is perhaps the single most successful and controversial of all contemporary novelists writing in French. Houellebecq has become a global publishing phenomenon: his books have been translated worldwide, three film adaptations of his work have been produced, and the author has been the subject of million-euro publishing deals and of successive media scandals in France. If Houellebecq is unique in contemporary French writing, it is thanks not only to his extraordinary success, but to the unparalleled scope of his narrative ambition. In the work which most forcefully marked his breakthrough to the mainstream – Les Particules élémentaires – Houellebecq made a significant appeal to the science-fiction genre in order to undergird his critique of contemporary society. For Houellebecq presents humanity – at least modern, western humanity – as in a terminal state of decadence and decline and ripe for replacement by its post-human successor. His novels narrate a metaphysical mutation or paradigm shift through which humanity as we know it ceases to be the over-riding value or focus of our world when it comes into conflict with a competitor in the form of a post-human or neo-human species. It is the aim of this book to appraise the global significance of Houellebecq’s novelistic visions while at the same time situating them within the context of French literature, culture and society.

French Philosophy and Social Theory

French Philosophy and Social Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jacob Dahl Rendtorff
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9401788456
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French Philosophy and Social Theory by Jacob Dahl Rendtorff Summary

This book demonstrates how the conceptual resources of contemporary French philosophy from the early 20thCentury to the present day can be applied to give us new perspectives on business ethics and the ethics of organizations. In providing an overview of possible applications, the book covers a wide range of philosophers, philosophical movements and perspectives and provides detailed analyses of core materials relevant to business ethics. It explores and analyzes French philosophy, taking into account phenomenology, existentialism, French epistemology, structuralism, post-structuralism, deconstruction and postmodernism as well as recent discussions of philosophy of organizations and management. Each chapter contains suggestions for further reading and educational illustrations of possible applications to the mainstream business ethics and ethics of organization literature.

Imagined Futures

Imagined Futures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jens Beckert
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674545893
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Imagined Futures by Jens Beckert Summary

Consumers, investors, and corporations orient their activities toward a future that contains opportunities and risks. How do these actors assess uncertainty? Jens Beckert adds a new chapter to the theory of capitalism by showing how fictional expectations drive modern economies—or throw them into crisis when imagined futures fail to materialize.

Mapping Precariousness, Labour Insecurity and Uncertain Livelihoods

Mapping Precariousness, Labour Insecurity and Uncertain Livelihoods Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Emiliana Armano,Arianna Bove,Annalisa Murgia
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317100832
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Mapping Precariousness, Labour Insecurity and Uncertain Livelihoods by Emiliana Armano,Arianna Bove,Annalisa Murgia Summary

The condition of precariousness not only provides insights into a segment of the world of work or of a particular subject group, but is also a standpoint for an overview of the condition of the social on a global scale. Because precariousness is multidimensional and polysemantic, it traverses contemporary society and multiple contexts, from industrial to class, gender, family relations as well as political participation, citizenship and migration. This book maps the differences and similarities in the ways precariousness and insecurity in employment and beyond unfold and are subjectively experienced in regions and sectors that are confronted with different labour histories, legislations and economic priorities. Establishing a constructive dialogue amongst different global regions and across disciplines, the chapters explore the shift from precariousness to precariat and collective subjects as it is being articulated in the current global crisis. This edited collection aims to continue a process of mapping experiences by means of ethnographies, fieldwork, interviews, content analysis, where the precarious define their condition and explain how they try to withdraw from, cope with or embrace it. This is valuable reading for students and academics interested in geography, sociology, economics and labour studies.

The Ecology of Attention

The Ecology of Attention Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yves Citton
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509503765
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The Ecology of Attention by Yves Citton Summary

Information overload, the shallows, weapons of mass distraction, the googlization of minds: countless commentators condemn the flood of images and information that dooms us to a pathological attention deficit. In this new book, cultural theorist Yves Citton goes against the tide of these standard laments to offer a new perspective on the problem of attention in the digital age. Phrases like paying attention and investing ones attention attest to our mistaken belief that attention can be conceptualized in narrow economic terms. We are constantly drawn towards attempts to quantify and commodify attention, even down to counting the number of 'likes' a picture receives on Facebook or a video on YouTube. By contrast, Citton argues that we should conceptualize attention as a kind of ecology and examine how the many different environments to which we are exposed – from advertising to literature, search engines to performance art – condition our attention in different ways. In a world where the demands on our attention are ever-increasing, this timely and original book will be of great interest to students and scholars in media and communications and in literary and cultural studies, and to anyone concerned about the long-term consequences of the profusion of images as well as digital content in the age of the internet.

La classe créative selon Richard Florida

La classe créative selon Richard Florida Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rémy Tremblay,Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay
Editor: PUQ
ISBN: 9782760525108
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La classe créative selon Richard Florida by Rémy Tremblay,Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay Summary

Depuis la parution de son livre-culte The Rise of the Creative Class (2002), Richard Florida a prononcé de nombreuses conférences sur les effets de la classe créative et du secteur culturel sur la compétitivité des villes aux États-Unis, au Canada et ailleurs dans le monde. Dans ses travaux, il aborde aussi la question de l’attraction et de la rétention des « talents » aux États-Unis, « talents » qui auraient joué un rôle clé dans le développement et la domination de l’économie américaine à l’échelle mondiale. Cet ouvrage analyse, de façon critique, les thèses de Florida tout en proposant des élargissements et des approfondissements de certaines de ces idées. Il s’adresse aux décideurs publics, comme à tous ceux qui s’intéressent au développement local, régional et national, ainsi qu’au rôle des activités culturelles et artistiques dans le développement économique et dans l’aménagement des territoires urbains.

Cross-Cultural Management

Cross-Cultural Management Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-François Chanlat,Eduardo Davel,Jean-Pierre Dupuis
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135076456
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Cross-Cultural Management by Jean-François Chanlat,Eduardo Davel,Jean-Pierre Dupuis Summary

All cultures appear to share the belief that they do things ‘correctly’, while others, until proven otherwise, are assumed to be ignorant or barbaric. When people from different cultures work together and cannot take shared meanings for granted, managers face serious challenges. An individual’s parsing of an experience and its meaning may vary according to several cultural scales – national, professional, industrial and local. Awareness of cultural differences and the willingness to view them as a positive are therefore crucial assets. This edited textbook sets itself apart from existing cross-cultural management texts by highlighting to the reader the need to avoid both ethnocentrism and the belief in the universality of his or her own values and ways of thinking: the success of international negotiations and intercultural management depends on such openness and acceptance of real differences. It encourages the development of ‘nomadic intelligence’ and the creative use of a culture’s resources, according to a symbolic anthropology perspective. Through the essays and case studies in the chapters, readers will become aware of the intercultural dimension of business activities and better understand how they affect work. Cross-Cultural Management will help interested parties – students of business management, international relations and other disciplines, and business managers and other professionals – develop their ability to interact, take action and give direction in an intercultural context.

Deleuze and the Social

Deleuze and the Social Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Fuglsang
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748627081
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Deleuze and the Social by Martin Fuglsang Summary

Deleuze and the Social is the first book to focus on the implications of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari's thinking on the social sciences and organisation. This book is concerned with the most basic notions of 'the social'. It seeks both to comprehend the 'multiplicity' of the social--in Deleuzian terms, the 'becoming' of the social itself; and it seeks to develop a new social analytical practice. Each of the newly commissioned chapters aims to show the strength of as well as practice the radicalism of a Deleuzian and Guattarian approach to social science and organisation studies. Deleuze and the Social is a book about order, subjectivity, art, capitalism and the construction of a social ontology. It avoids scholasticism by foregrounding its authors' shared concern for practical issues. How is social order constituted? How is resistance possible between the rush of capitalism and the overcoding of the State? How are thinking and living possible?

Liberalism and Hegemony

Liberalism and Hegemony Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Francois Constant,Michel Ducharme
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442693061
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Liberalism and Hegemony by Jean-Francois Constant,Michel Ducharme Summary

In 2000, Ian McKay, a highly respected historian at Queen's University, published an article in the Canadian Historical Review entitled "The Liberal Order Framework: A Prospectus for a Reconnaissance of Canadian History." Written to address a crisis in Canadian history, this detailed, programmatic, and well-argued article had an immediate impact on the field. Proposing that Canadian history should be mapped through a process of reconnaisance, and that the Canadian state should be understood as a project of liberal rule in North America, the essay prompted debate immediately upon publication. Liberalism and Hegemony assembles some of Canada's finest historians to continue the debate sparked by McKay's essay. The essays collected here explore the possibilities and limits presented by "The Liberal Order Framework" for various segments of Canadian history, and within them, the paramount influence of liberalism throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries is debated in the context of aboriginal history, environmental history, the history of the family, the development of political thought and ideas, and municipal governance. Like McKay's "The Liberal Order Framework," which is included in this volume with a response to recent criticism, Liberalism and Hegemony is a fascinating foray into current historical thought and provides the historical community with a book that will act both as a reference and a guide for future research.

Economie, Sociologie et Histoire du monde contemporain - 4e éd.

Economie, Sociologie et Histoire du monde contemporain - 4e éd. Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alain Beitone,Emmanuel Buisson-Fenet,Christophe Rodrigues
Editor: Dunod
ISBN: 2100838687
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Economie, Sociologie et Histoire du monde contemporain - 4e éd. by Alain Beitone,Emmanuel Buisson-Fenet,Christophe Rodrigues Summary

Conforme aux nouveaux programmes d’Économie, sociologie et histoire du monde contemporain des classes préparatoires économiques et commerciales (voie économique), ce manuel en aborde tous les grands thèmes : mondialisation, crises économiques et financières, politiques économiques, transformations sociales et démographiques, justice sociale et politiques sociales, intégration européenne, entreprise et sociologie des organisations. Conçu par des enseignants en classes préparatoires, il couvre les deux années du programme et permet une préparation méthodique aux concours grâce à : - une synthèse rigoureuse des savoirs essentiels ; - une approche problématisée des différents domaines ; - une présentation claire des principaux courants théoriques ; - des mises en perspective historiques des enjeux contemporains ; - des « fiches concours » pour s’entraîner aux épreuves écrites et orales. Compléments en ligne : Fiches concours + Bibliographies et webographies classées par chapitres

Cours de sociologie

Cours de sociologie Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Luc Van Campenhoudt,Nicolas Marquis
Editor: Dunod
ISBN: 2100810693
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Cours de sociologie by Luc Van Campenhoudt,Nicolas Marquis Summary

Aller le plus directement et le plus clairement possible à l’essentiel, au coeur même de la sociologie, c’est ce que propose la 2ème édition de ce livre. À partir de recherches majeures, classiques et contemporaines, il procure les clés pour observer et comprendre comment la vie en société fonctionne et se transforme dans ses multiples aspects. Il présente les principaux concepts de la discipline, à partir de nombreuses applications qui parlent aux jeunes générations. En introduisant à la pensée des grands sociologues, il étoffe la culture de base nécessaire à tout étudiant en sciences humaines. Rédigé dans un langage à la fois exigeant et accessible, ce livre permet d’apprendre la sociologie en profondeur de manière rigoureuse et d’en retenir durablement les enseignements. En invitant à un regard neuf sur la société, il s’adresse également à quiconque s’interroge sur le monde d’aujourd’hui et désire mieux saisir les conditions et les formes de sa propre expérience de la vie collective.

Bourdieu's Politics

Bourdieu's Politics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jeremy F. Lane
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134228457
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Bourdieu's Politics by Jeremy F. Lane Summary

In the last decade of his career, the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu became involved in a series of high-profile political interventions, defending the cause of striking students and workers, speaking out in the name of illegal immigrants, the homeless and the unemployed, challenging the incursion of the market into the field of artistic and intellectual production. The first sustained analysis of Bourdieu's politics, this study seeks to assess the validity of his claims as to the distinctiveness and superiority of his own field theory as a tool of political analysis.

Radical Dreams

Radical Dreams Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Elliott H. King,Abigail Susik
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271091657
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Radical Dreams by Elliott H. King,Abigail Susik Summary

Surrealism is widely thought of as an artistic movement that flourished in Europe between the two world wars. However, during the 1960s, ’70s, and ’80s, diverse radical affinity groups, underground subcultures, and student protest movements proclaimed their connections to surrealism. Radical Dreams argues that surrealism was more than an avant-garde art movement; it was a living current of anti-authoritarian resistance. Featuring perspectives from scholars across the humanities and, distinctively, from contemporary surrealist practitioners, this volume examines surrealism’s role in postwar oppositional cultures. It demonstrates how surrealism’s committed engagement extends beyond the parameters of an artistic style or historical period, with chapters devoted to Afrosurrealism, Ted Joans, punk, the Situationist International, the student protests of May ’68, and other topics. Privileging interdisciplinary, transhistorical, and material culture approaches, contributors address surrealism’s interaction with New Left politics, protest movements, the sexual revolution, psychedelia, and other subcultural trends around the globe. A revelatory work, Radical Dreams definitively shows that the surrealist movement was synonymous with cultural and political radicalism. It will be especially valuable to those interested in the avant-garde, contemporary art, and radical social movements. In addition to the editors, the contributors to this volume include Mikkel Bolt Rasmussen, Jonathan P. Eburne, David Hopkins, Claire Howard, Michael Löwy, Alyce Mahon, Gavin Parkinson, Grégory Pierrot, Penelope Rosemont, Ron Sakolsky, Marie Arleth Skov, Ryan Standfest, and Sandra Zalman.

The Geography of Opportunity

The Geography of Opportunity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Xavier de Souza Briggs
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815797784
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The Geography of Opportunity by Xavier de Souza Briggs Summary

A popular version of history trumpets the United States as a diverse "nation of immigrants," welcome to all. The truth, however, is that local communities have a long history of ambivalence toward new arrivals and minorities. Persistent patterns of segregation by race and income still exist in housing and schools, along with a growing emphasis on rapid metropolitan development (sprawl) that encourages upwardly mobile families to abandon older communities and their problems. This dual pattern is becoming increasingly important as America grows more diverse than ever and economic inequality increases. Two recent trends compel new attention to these issues. First, the geography of race and class represents a crucial litmus test for the new "regionalism"—the political movement to address the linked fortunes of cities and suburbs. Second, housing has all but disappeared as a major social policy issue over the past two decades. This timely book shows how unequal housing choices and sprawling development create an unequal geography of opportunity. It emerges from a project sponsored by the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University in collaboration with the Joint Center for Housing Studies and the Brookings Institution. The contributors—policy analysts, political observers, social scientists, and urban planners—document key patterns, their consequences, and how we can respond, taking a hard look at both successes and failures of the past. Place still matters, perhaps more than ever. High levels of segregation shape education and job opportunity, crime and insecurity, and long-term economic prospects. These problems cannot be addressed effectively if society assumes that segregation will take care of itself. Contributors include William Apgar (Harvard University), Judith Bell (PolicyLink), Angela Glover Blackwell (PolicyLink), Allegra Calder (Harvard), Karen Chapple (Cal-Berkeley), Camille Charles (Penn), Mary Cunningham (Urban Institute), Casey Dawkins (Virginia Tech), Stephanie DeLuca (Johns Hopkins), John Goering (CUNY), Edward Goetz (U. of Minnesota), Bruce Katz (Brookings), Barbara Lukermann (U. of Minnesota), Gerrit Knaap (U. of Maryland), Arthur Nelson (Virginia Tech), Rolf Pendall (Cornell), Susan J. Popkin (Urban Institute), James Rosenbaum (Northwestern), Stephen L. Ross (U. of Connecticut), Mara Sidney (Rutgers), Phillip Tegeler (Poverty and Race Research Action Council), Tammy Tuck (Northwestern), Margery Austin Turner (Urban Institute), William Julius Wilson (Harvard).

Urban Planning in the Digital Age

Urban Planning in the Digital Age Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nicolas Douay
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119539447
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Urban Planning in the Digital Age by Nicolas Douay Summary

Technological changes have often produced important social changes that translate into spatial and planning practice. Whereas the intelligent city is one of the unavoidable and even dominant concepts, digital uses can influence urban planning in four different directions. These scenarios are represented by a compass composed of a horizontal axis opposing institutional and non-institutional actors, and a second axis with open and closed opposition.

Histoire des pensées sociologiques - 4e éd.

Histoire des pensées sociologiques - 4e éd. Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Pierre Delas,Bruno Milly
Editor: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200603339
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Histoire des pensées sociologiques - 4e éd. by Jean-Pierre Delas,Bruno Milly Summary

Connaître l’histoire des pensées sociologiques est une étape essentielle pour tous ceux qui souhaitent aborder cette vaste discipline qu’est la sociologie. C’est en se familiarisant avec les modèles scientifiques et les théories concurrentes que l’on peut saisir l’originalité des discours sur le social et dépasser leurs apparentes contradictions (individu vs société, subjectivisme vs objectivisme...). Le présent ouvrage, qui fait référence depuis sa première édition, s’organise autour de trois dimensions : une présentation détaillée des grands sociologues, de leurs analyses et de leurs outils ; un retour aux textes originaux ; une approche historique et un regroupement par familles de pensée afin de situer les principaux débats. Cette quatrième édition a été complétée de nouvelles présentations et augmentée d’un chapitre sur les relations de la sociologie avec trois de ses disciplines voisines : l’économie, l’anthropologie et la psychologie.

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