Lire Aujourd Hui Cours De Linguistique Generale De Saussure French Edition

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Quand le mot fait signe

Quand le mot fait signe Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Presses universitaires de Rouen et du Havre
ISBN: 9782877759106
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Quand le mot fait signe by Summary

Il est entendu qu’un mot est associé à un sens, objet de la sémantique. Les études réunies dans le volume examinent non pas le sens du mot mais son information. Celle-ci se caractérise par les notions de similitude, traits communs à plusieurs mots, et par la dissimilitude, absence de lien sémantique entre des mots portant proches surtout oralement. Cette approche sémiotique du mot est abordée sur le plan théorique, comparatif, sociolinguistique, pragmatique et didactique.

Pour la (socio)linguistique

Pour la (socio)linguistique Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Editions L\'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296447422
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Pour la (socio)linguistique by Summary

Pour la (socio)linguistique réunit des contributions rédigées en hommage à Louis-Jean Calvet, qui lui ont été présentés pour la plupart lors d'une rencontre à Aix-en-provence en juin 2009. L.-J. Calvet répond au coeur même de cet ouvrage à certaines critiques ou à des désirs de poursuivre le cheminement et le dialogue. Ce volume aborde diverses facettes de la sociolinguistique et tente également d'expliquer comment l'on devient sociolinguistique, ne fût-ce qu'à travers l'interrogation des choix scientifiques effectués par L.-J. Calvet.

L’œuvre de Lucien Tesnière

L’œuvre de Lucien Tesnière Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Franck Neveu,Audrey Roig
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110715112
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L’œuvre de Lucien Tesnière by Franck Neveu,Audrey Roig Summary

Efficient, simple, and empirically grounded, Lucien Tesnière’s principles of structural syntax have remained to this day very popular among linguists. Far beyond the field of syntax itself, the Elements of Structural Syntax have found lasting echo in all branches of linguistics. This volume offers a contemporary appraisal of Tesnière’s legacy.

History of Linguistics 1999

History of Linguistics 1999 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sylvain Auroux
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027296715
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History of Linguistics 1999 by Sylvain Auroux Summary

This volume represents a selection of 25 out of altogether 86 papers given at the Eighth International Conference for the History of the Language Sciences (ICHoLS VIII), which took place at the Ecole Normale Supérieure at Fontenay-aux-Roses, near Paris, in September 1999. This conference was marked by three new elements: the integration of the study of Amerindian languages into Western linguistics; a particular emphasis on the history of the teaching of (foreign) languages; and new information on the history of linguistics in Eastern Europe during the Soviet era.

Leçons X. Dogma. Instituer l'animal humain

Leçons X. Dogma. Instituer l'animal humain Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pierre Legendre
Editor: Fayard
ISBN: 2213703922
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Leçons X. Dogma. Instituer l'animal humain by Pierre Legendre Summary

Ces Leçons X abordent le phénomène humain hors de la conception « toute faite » répandue par les doctrines de la transparence. Ici, il s’agit de considérer chaque civilisation et ses façades sociales à l’instar d’un Texte, comme montage langagier, et de reconnaître la condition théâtrale de l’espèce douée de parole. Dans cette perspective se révèlent les structures dogmatiques du sujet et de la société qui, du fait du langage, s’entre-appartiennent. La réhabilitation d’une tradition de pensée portée par le terme antique de « dogma », transmis par la Grèce à l’Occident jusqu’à l’ère industrielle, rouvre des chemins longtemps verrouillés et remet à l’ordre du jour la question immémoriale : que veut dire instituer l’animal humain ? Au carrefour de ces chemins : la suprématie de la relation d’identité / altérité, avec ce qu’elle postule du côté du lien d’image, objet des grandes manoeuvres religieuses et politiques. Ainsi, prendre en compte la vie de la représentation comme ressort de la fonction d’instituer entraîne à interroger les procédures généalogiques d’accès à la réalité, les systèmes normatifs différenciés et, du même pas, à découvrir la face cachée du principe de Raison. Sont mises au jour la fragilité humaine et les incertitudes de l’édification sociale. Les échafaudages inventés par l’anthropos pour la reproduction et la survie ne sont intelligibles que mis en rapport avec la dimension de l’Ancêtre, autrement dit du Temps, cette vision des lointains, marqueur des civilisations : scénario fondateur, élaboration des attaches au présent, horizon de l’inconnu à venir. Cette donnée basique donne relief aux domaines qui sont stratégiques parce qu’ils touchent au destin des montages instituants à l’échelle de l’espèce : religion, techno-science-économie, règles et préceptes du droit. À notre époque de déraisonnement multiforme, où les individus sont malmenés et guettés par la menace de perdre pied, il convient de porter le regard sur ces constructions de discours – poussées de façon récurrente au délire meurtrier, de nos jours sous des formes inédites – et sur leur portée structurale. Si la notion d’anthropologie, aujourd’hui figée et si galvaudée que j’hésitai à la reprendre, peut retrouver vigueur, ce sera au prix du dépassement de l’impasse à laquelle a finalement abouti cette discipline : à quoi sert le penser ? Reprenant le thème, longuement médité, d’anthropologie dogmatique, ce livre invite le lecteur à s’aventurer sur les sentiers non balisés par la doxa contemporaine, oublieuse de son site historial et de ses sources.P. L.

L'enseignement et Apprentissage du Vocabulaire et de la Grammaire en classe de FLE

L'enseignement et Apprentissage du Vocabulaire et de la Grammaire en classe de FLE Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sofia Triantafyllou
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3346464180
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L'enseignement et Apprentissage du Vocabulaire et de la Grammaire en classe de FLE by Sofia Triantafyllou Summary

Essai de l’année 2011 dans le domaine Didactique - Français - Pédagogie, Linguistique, note: 10/10, , cours: Maîtrise en didactique des langues, langue: Français, résumé: Il est connu que le vocabulaire d’une langue constitue son patrimoine socio-culturel et l’écrit signalise sa forme en ce qui concerne les différents modes d’expression, ou la formulation de la sturcture dans cette langue. Dans cette optique, si l’enseignant a l’intention de faire développer à ses apprenants une véritable compétence globale (CO/EO, CE/EE) d’une langue vivante, il n’a qu’à leur faire découvrir la réalité socio-culturelle qui sous-tend ses énoncés linguistiques, prenant en compte d’abord la totalité du répertoire verbale, -à savoir, les différents niveaux et registres de langue- et ensuite le public visé, afin d’adapter le matériel pédagogique dans le groupe-classe. L’apprentissage de la grammaire favorise l’acquisition de la langue et la compétence grammaticale fait partie de l’utilisation adéquate d’une langue étrangère, comme une forme de connaissance intériorisée. BESSE et PORQUIER (1989) définissent la grammaire comme «la connaissance intériorisée que possède l’usager d’une langue» ; c’est un type de compétence à travers laquelle l’apprenant arrive à l’acquisition de la L2.

Descriptive Psychology

Descriptive Psychology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Franz Brentano
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134840535
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Descriptive Psychology by Franz Brentano Summary

Franz Brentano (1838-1917) is a key figure in the development of Twentieth Century thought. It was his work that set Husserl on to the road of phenomenology and intentionality, that inspired Meinong's theory of the object which influenced Bertrand Russell, and the entire Polish school of philosophy. ^Descriptive Psychology presents a series of lectures given by Brentano in 1887; they were the culmination of his work, and the clearest statement of his mature thought. It was this later period which proved to be so important in the work of his student, Husserl. This is the first English translation of his work. Benito Muller has added a concise introduction which places Brentano within the history of philosophy and psychology, and locates his influence in contemporary thought.

Rivera

Rivera Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gerry Souter
Editor: Parkstone International
ISBN: 178160942X
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Rivera by Gerry Souter Summary

They met in 1928, Frida Kahlo was then 21 years old and Diego Rivera was twice her age. He was already an international reference, she only aspired to become one. An intense artistic creation, along with pain and suffering, was generated by this tormented union, in particular for Frida. Constantly in the shadow of her husband, bearing his unfaithfulness and her jealousy, Frida exorcised the pain on canvas, and won progressively the public’s interest. On both continents, America and Europe, these commited artists proclaimed their freedom and left behind them the traces of their exceptional talent. In this book, Gerry Souter brings together both biographies and underlines with passion the link which existed between the two greatest Mexican artists of the twentieth century.

Linguistics and Psychoanalysis

Linguistics and Psychoanalysis Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michel Arrivé
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 902727729X
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Linguistics and Psychoanalysis by Michel Arrivé Summary

If you read or reread Freud, it is difficult not to find on a single page references to language: from speech to text, from slip of the tongue to word play, from letter to meaning-passing inevitably through the strange notion of literal meaning, that fascinated Freud. In short, the unconscious is linked to language. How could it be otherwise, if psychoanalysis is a cure through speech as indicated as early as 1881, by Fraülein Anna O.? The problem of the relationship between linguistic and psychoanalytic concepts necessarily arises. Until now this question has been examined mainly by psychoanalysts, from their own perspective, but here it is investigated by a linguist, who systematically explores two domains. The first is related to the sign and symbol, where the meeting of Freud, Saussure and Hjelmselv ocurred; whereas in the second, that of the signifier, Saussure reappears escorted by Lacan. But Freud is not far away, sine the Lacanian theory of the signifier is rooted not only in Saussure's Cours, but also in the Metapsychology and in Freud's Correspondence with Fliess. To aspire to unravel this knot, in fact corresponds to attempt a reading of the Lacanian aphorism “the unconscious is structured like a language”.

Structure and the Whole

Structure and the Whole Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Patrick Sériot
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1614518270
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Structure and the Whole by Patrick Sériot Summary

This book identifies the Romantic notion of the whole as the fundamental epistemological source of the notion of structure in the thinking of the Prague Linguistic Circle, primarily its Russian representatives, and studies what amounted to the slow, painful process of disengagement from the organicist metaphor in an intellectual world very different from Saussure's.

Linguistics and Literary History

Linguistics and Literary History Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Leo Spitzer
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400878101
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Linguistics and Literary History by Leo Spitzer Summary

Spitzer discusses the method he evolved for bringing together the two disciplines, linguistics and literary history, and examines the work of Cervantes, Racine, Diderot, and Claudel in the light of this theory. Originally published in 1967. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Langues et cultures régionales de France

Langues et cultures régionales de France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Denis Costaouec,Béatrice Jeannot-Fourcaud,Christos Clairis,Jean-Baptiste Coyos
Editor: Editions L\'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296461468
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Langues et cultures régionales de France by Denis Costaouec,Béatrice Jeannot-Fourcaud,Christos Clairis,Jean-Baptiste Coyos Summary

Quels sont les rôles respectifs de l'Etat et des collectivités locales dans la promotion des langues de France ? Comment faire sans la Charte européenne des langues régionales ? Quelle est la situation ds médias (presse écrite, édition, audiovisuel) en langues régionales ? Quel rôle pour les associations dans a défense et la promotion des langues régionales ?

The Beginning of Western Philosophy

The Beginning of Western Philosophy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Heidegger
Editor: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253015618
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The Beginning of Western Philosophy by Martin Heidegger Summary

Volume 35 of Heidegger's Complete Works comprises a lecture course given at the University of Freiburg in 1932, five years after the publication of Being and Time. During this period, Heidegger was at the height of his creative powers, which are on full display in this clear and imaginative text. In it, Heidegger leads his students in a close reading of two of the earliest philosophical source documents, fragments by Greek thinkers Anaximander and Parmenides. Heidegger develops their common theme of Being and non-being and shows that the question of Being is indeed the origin of Western philosophy. His engagement with these Greek texts is as much of a return to beginnings as it is a potential reawakening of philosophical wonder and inquiry in the present.

Saussure and his Interpreters

Saussure and his Interpreters Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harris Roy Harris
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 1474468845
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Saussure and his Interpreters by Harris Roy Harris Summary

This book is the first major reassessment of the reception of Saussure's ideas throughout the twentieth century. That Saussure's work profoundly influenced developments in such diverse fields as linguistics, anthropology, psychology and literary studies is denied by no one. But what exactly Saussure's views were taken to be by his interpreters has not hitherto been subject to any comprehensive critical survey. How well were Saussure's ideas understood by those who took them up? Or how badly misunderstood? And why? The answers to these questions address central issues in the history of Western culture.Each chapter focuses on one particular interpreter of Saussure's work, but many others are mentioned in context for purposes of comparison, and attention is drawn to connections and disparities between their interpretations. Those whose interpretations are examined in detail include Bloomfield, Hjelmslev, Jakobson, Levi-Strauss, Chomsky, Barthes and Derrida.Features:* The author is acknowledged as an expert on Saussure's work* This is the first study of the reception of Saussure's ideas, and how well they were understood by those who took them up* The work of Saussure is a landmark in the history of linguistic thought

Comparative Stylistics of French and English

Comparative Stylistics of French and English Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Paul Vinay,Jean Darbelnet
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027291136
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Comparative Stylistics of French and English by Jean-Paul Vinay,Jean Darbelnet Summary

The Stylistique comparée du français et de l’anglais has become a standard text in the French-speaking world for the study of comparative stylistics and the training of translators. This updated, first English edition makes Vinay & Darbelnet's classic methodology of translation available to a wider readership. The translation-oriented contrastive grammatical and stylistic analyses of the two languages are extensively exemplified by expressions, phrases and texts. Combining description with methodological guidelines for translation, this volume serves both as a course book and ­ through its detailed index and glossary ­ as a reference manual for specific translation problems.

An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics

An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Friedrich Ungerer,Hans-Jorg Schmid
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317867734
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An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics by Friedrich Ungerer,Hans-Jorg Schmid Summary

Learning About Language is an exciting and ambitious series of introductions to fundamental topics in language, linguistics and related areas. The books are designed for students of linguistics and those who are studying language as part of a wider course. Cognitive Linguistics explores the idea that language reflects our experience of the world. It shows that our ability to use language is closely related to other cognitive abilities such as categorization, perception, memory and attention allocation. Concepts and mental images expressed and evoked by linguistic means are linked by conceptual metaphors and metonymies and merged into more comprehensive cognitive and cultural models, frames or scenarios. It is only against this background that human communication makes sense. After 25 years of intensive research, cognitive-linguistic thinking now holds a firm place both in the wider linguistic and the cognitive-science communities. An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics carefully explains the central concepts of categoriza­tion, of prototype and gestalt perception, of basic level and conceptual hierarchies, of figure and ground, and of metaphor and metonymy, for which an innovative description is provided. It also brings together issues such as iconicity, lexical change, grammaticalization and language teaching that have profited considerably from being put on a cognitive basis. The second edition of this popular introduction provides a comprehensive and accessible up-to-date overview of Cognitive Linguistics: Clarifies the basic notions supported by new evidence and examples for their application in language learning Discusses major recent developments in the field: the increasing attention paid to metonymies, Construction Grammar, Conceptual Blending and its role in online-processing. Explores links with neighbouring fields like Relevance Theory Uses many diagrams and illustrations to make the theoretical argument more tangible Includes extended exercises Provides substantial updated suggestions for further reading.

The Spoken Word and the Work of Interpretation

The Spoken Word and the Work of Interpretation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dennis Tedlock
Editor: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812205308
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The Spoken Word and the Work of Interpretation by Dennis Tedlock Summary

Dennis Tedlock presents startling new methods for transcribing, translating, and interpreting oral performance that carry wide implications for all areas of the spoken arts. Moreover, he reveals how the categories and concepts of poetics and hermeneutics based in Western literary traditions cannot be carried over in their entirety to the spoken arts of other cultures but require extensive reevaluation.

Polarity Sensitivity as (Non)Veridical Dependency

Polarity Sensitivity as (Non)Veridical Dependency Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anastasia Giannakidou
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027282285
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Polarity Sensitivity as (Non)Veridical Dependency by Anastasia Giannakidou Summary

Polarity phenomena have been known to linguists since Klima’s seminal work on English negation. In this monograph Giannakidou presents a novel theory of polarity which avoids the empirical and conceptual problems of previous approaches by introducing a notion wider than negation and downward entailment: (non)veridicality. The leading idea is that the various polarity phenomena observed in language are manifestations of the dependency of certain expessions, i.e. polarity items, to the (non)veridicality of the context of appearence. Dependencies to negation or downward entailment emerge as subcases of nonveridicality.The (non)veridical dependency may be positive (licensing), or negative (anti-licensing), and arises from the sensitivity semantics of polarity items. The book is also concerned with the syntactic mapping of the sensitivity dependency. It is argued that licensing does not necessarily correspond to a requirement that the licensee be in the scope of the licenser. In some cases, for instance for the interpretation of negative concord, the reverse is required: that the licensee takes the licenser in its scope. The theory is applied to an extended set of old and new data concerning affective, free-choice dependencies, and mood choice in relative clauses. The primary focus is on Greek, but data from Dutch, English, and to a lesser extend Romance and Slavic, are also considered.

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