Locke Political Writings Pdf

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Second Treatise of Government

Second Treatise of Government Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Locke
Editor: Read Books Ltd
ISBN: 1528785967
FileSize: 1943kb
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Second Treatise of Government by John Locke Summary

Classic Books Library presents this brand new edition of John Locke’s “Second Treatise of Government”, published in 1689. This is one of two political works that Locke wrote articulating standards for a government-ruled society. Preceded by “The First Treatise”, which refutes the concept of ‘patriarchalism’ as presented by Sir Robert Filmer (1680), “The Second Treatise” describes a model for a civil state. Here he identifies what he refers to as natural law, suggesting that individuals in society are governed by natural law and have rights to uphold those laws for the protection of themselves and their property. In Locke’s theory, an all-ruling, sovereign government is replaced with one that serves its people and is subject to alteration should its functions become disengaged from that purpose. Locke (1632-1704) was a British philosopher and physician. He is associated with developing political philosophy and epistemological theories, the most significant being empiricism, and is often referred to as the ‘Father’ of liberalism.

Locke: Political Writings

Locke: Political Writings Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Locke
Editor: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603846867
FileSize: 1887kb
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Locke: Political Writings by John Locke Summary

John Locke's Second Treatise of Government (c. 1681) is perhaps the key founding liberal text. A Letter Concerning Toleration, written in 1685 (a year when a Catholic monarch came to the throne of England and Louis XVI unleashed a reign of terror against Protestants in France), is a classic defense of religious freedom. Yet many of Locke's other writings--not least the Constitutions of Carolina, which he helped draft--are almost defiantly anti-liberal in outlook. This comprehensive collection brings together the main published works (excluding polemical attacks on other people's views) with the most important surviving evidence from among Locke’s papers relating to his political philosophy. David Wootton's wide-ranging and scholarly Introduction sets the writings in the context of their time, examines Locke's developing ideas and unorthodox Christianity, and analyzes his main arguments. The result is the first fully rounded picture of Locke’s political thought in his own words.

Finding Locke’s God

Finding Locke’s God Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nathan Guy
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350103535
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Finding Locke’s God by Nathan Guy Summary

The portrait of John Locke as a secular advocate of Enlightenment rationality has been deconstructed by the recent 'religious turn' in Locke scholarship. This book takes an important next step: moving beyond the 'religious turn' and establishing a 'theological turn', Nathan Guy argues that John Locke ought to be viewed as a Christian political philosopher whose political theory was firmly rooted in the moderating Latitudinarian theology of the seventeenth-century. Nestled between the secular political philosopher and the Christian public theologian stands Locke, the Christian political philosopher, whose arguments not only self-consciously depend upon Christian assumptions, but also offer a decidedly Christian theory of government. Finding Locke's God identifies three theological pillars crucial to Locke's political theory: (1) a biblical depiction of God, (2) the law of nature rooted in a doctrine of creation and (3) acceptance of divine revelation in scripture. As a result, Locke's political philosophy brings forth theologically-rich aims, while seeking to counter or disarm threats such as atheism, hyper-Calvinism, and religious enthusiasm. Bringing these items together, Nathan Guy demonstrates how each pillar supports Locke's Latitudinarian political philosophy and provides a better understanding of how he grounds his notions of freedom, equality and religious toleration. Convincingly argued and meticulously researched, this book offers an exciting new direction for Locke studies.

Locke's Two Treatises of Government (Routledge Library Editions: Political Science Volume 17)

Locke's Two Treatises of Government (Routledge Library Editions: Political Science Volume 17) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard Ashcraft
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135026904
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Locke's Two Treatises of Government (Routledge Library Editions: Political Science Volume 17) by Richard Ashcraft Summary

This volume guides the reader through a detailed examination of the text to an understanding of Locke’s political ideas in relation to his writings on philosophy, education, religion and economics and the influence these ideas had upon eighteenth-century political theorists. The author shows how Locke carefully constructed his political perspective as a defence of the principles of natural rights, constitutional government and popular resistance. He offers an original interpretation of the Two Treatises..., emphasizing the specific ways in which Locke’s political purposes in writing the work influence his discussion of such concepts as the state of nature, property, consent and tyranny. The author discusses the historical and biographical context of the work and demonstrates how eighteenth century political thinkers developed or rejected aspects of Locke’s political theory and summarizes important recent studies of Locke’s work.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Race

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Race Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Naomi Zack
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190638087
FileSize: 738kb
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The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Race by Naomi Zack Summary

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Race provides up-to-date explanation and analyses by leading scholars of contemporary issues in African American philosophy and philosophy of race. These original essays encompass the major topics and approaches in this emerging philosophical subfield that supports demographic inclusion and diversity while at the same time strengthening the conceptual arsenal of social and political philosophy. Over the course of the volume's ten topic-based sections, ideas about race held by Locke, Hume, Kant, Hegel, and Nietzsche are supplemented by suppressed thought from the African diaspora, early twentieth-century African American perspectives and Native-, Asian-, and Latin-, American views. The contributors bring philosophical analysis to bear on the status of racial divisions as categories of humanity in the biological sciences, as well as within contemporary criticism and conceptual analysis. Essays present the special applications of American philosophy and continental philosophy to ideas of race as methodological alternatives to more analytic approaches. As a collection of analyses and assessments of 'race' in the real world, the volume pays trenchant and relevant attention to historical and contemporary racism and what it means to say that 'race' and racial identities are socially constructed. The essays analyze contemporary social issues including the importance of racial difference and identity in education, public health, medicine, IQ and other standardized tests, and sports. Additionally, the essays consider the societal limitations and structures provided by public policy and law. As a critical theory, the volume compares the study of race to feminism. Historical and contemporary, academic and popular, racisms pertaining to male and female gender receive special consideration throughout the volume. While this comprehensive collection may have the effect of a textbook, each of the original essays is a fresh and authentic development of important present thought.

John Locke

John Locke Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Geraint Parry
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136526889
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John Locke by Geraint Parry Summary

From earliest times Locke's writings have been the subject of controversy. An intellectual caught up in the politics of late 17th century England, his writings on politics reveal a man attempting to combine an analysis of the underlying principles of society with a deep commitment to a specific political stance and party. This study, first published in 1978 explains why Locke's vision of political life has continued to fascinate political thinkers of many different persuasions.

The Biblical Politics of John Locke

The Biblical Politics of John Locke Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kim Ian Parker
Editor: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 1554581192
FileSize: 1905kb
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The Biblical Politics of John Locke by Kim Ian Parker Summary

John Locke is often thought of as one of the founders of the Enlightenment, a movement that sought to do away with the Bible and religion and replace them with scientific realism. But Locke was extremely interested in the Bible, and he was engaged by biblical theology and religion throughout his life. In this new book, K.I. Parker considers Locke’s interest in Scripture and how that interest is articulated in the development of his political philosophy. Parker shows that Locke’s liberalism is inspired by his religious vision and, particularly, his distinctive understanding of the early chapters of the book of Genesis. Unlike Sir Robert Filmer, who understood the Bible to justify social hierarchies (i.e., the divine right of the king, the first-born son’s rights over other siblings, and the “natural” subservience of women to men), Locke understood from the Bible that humans are in a natural state of freedom and equality to each other. The biblical debate between Filmer and Locke furnishes scholars with a better understanding of Lockes political views as presented in his Two Treatises. The Biblical Politics of John Locke demonstrates the impact of the Bible on one of the most influential thinkers of the seventeenth century, and provides an original context in which to situate the debate concerning the origins of early modern political thought.

Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation

Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas Hill Green
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443800872
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Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation by Thomas Hill Green Summary

The present work is Thomas Hill Green’s account of his conception of ‘the common good’ and its importance in determining a set of criteria that will give us the means to evaluate the conduct of political establishments. The principles of political obligation are all founded on this attractive idea of a common good, and Green is able to apply his principles to a wide range of matters from land law to personal freedom. How well the book succeeds in convincing the reader that a common good ought to act as a basis for evaluating the role of political establishments may be unclear. But there can be little doubt that the work is one of the most important contributions to political philosophy made by any English philosopher, and almost certainly the single most important contribution made by any British idealist. The book has attracted philosophers, sociologists, politologists and others since the day of its appearance, and continues to fuel lively debate today.

Adam in Seventeenth Century Political Writing in England and New England

Adam in Seventeenth Century Political Writing in England and New England Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Julia Ipgrave
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317185595
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Adam in Seventeenth Century Political Writing in England and New England by Julia Ipgrave Summary

Designed to contribute to a greater understanding of the religious foundations of seventeenth century political writing, this study offers a detailed exploration of the significance of the figure and story of Adam at that time. The book investigates seventeenth-century writings from England and New England-examining writings by Roger Williams and John Eliot, Gerrard Winstanley, John Milton, and John Locke-to explore the varying significance afforded to the Biblical figure of Adam in theories of the polity. In so doing, it counters over-simplified views of modern secular political thought breaking free from the confines of religion, by showing the diversity of political models and possibilities that Adamic theories supported. It provides contextual background for the appreciation of seventeenth-century culture and other cultural artefacts, and feeds into current scholarly interest in the relationship between religion and the public sphere, and in stories of origins and Creation.

John Locke

John Locke Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alexander Moseley
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441180184
FileSize: 1866kb
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John Locke by Alexander Moseley Summary

John Locke is one of the great minds in educational history. Drawing on his perceptive observations of families and children he saw the importance of adapting learning to the child's dispositions. Critical of schools, he is the fountainhead of home tutoring, child-centred learning, and the importance of enjoyable learning. But for Locke learning was not about facts: a good education produced gentlemen who could in turn adapt themselves to commerce and politics. Locke's philosophy helped provide rigour to the scientific revolution, the impetus for the expansion of schools for the poor (which should be profitable) and child psychology. Alexander Mosely sets Locke's educational writings in their context with a sensitive reading of what Locke understood by 'education' and highlights the relevance of the study of Locke's work to our understanding of education today.

Forgotten Intellectual Property Lore

Forgotten Intellectual Property Lore Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shubha Ghosh
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1788978714
FileSize: 1926kb
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Forgotten Intellectual Property Lore by Shubha Ghosh Summary

This innovative book explores forgotten disputes over intellectual property and the ways in which creative people and sovereigns have managed these disputes throughout the centuries. With a focus on reform, it raises important questions about the resilience of legal rules and challenges the methodology behind traditional legal analyses. Focusing on lore and traditions, expert contributors incorporate contextual understandings that are rooted in history, sociology, political science, and literary studies into their analyses.

Cicero's Social and Political Thought

Cicero's Social and Political Thought Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Neal Wood
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520911284
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Cicero's Social and Political Thought by Neal Wood Summary

In this close examination of the social and political thought of Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 B.C.), Neal Wood focuses on Cicero's conceptions of state and government, showing that he is the father of constitutionalism, the archetype of the politically conservative mind, and the first to reflect extensively on politics as an activity.

Of the Abuse of Words

Of the Abuse of Words Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Locke
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141956577
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Of the Abuse of Words by John Locke Summary

John Locke was one of the greatest figures of the Enlightenment, whose assertion that reason is the key to knowledge changed the face of philosophy. These writings on thought, ideas, perception, truth and language are some of the most influential in the history of Western thought. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.

Just Food

Just Food Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jill M. Dieterle
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1783483881
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Just Food by Jill M. Dieterle Summary

This is a collection of thirteen new philosophical essays exploring the inequities in our contemporary food system. The book addresses topics including food and property, food insecurity, food deserts, food sovereignty, the gendered aspects of food injustice, food and race, and locavorism.

Studies in Law, Politics, and Society

Studies in Law, Politics, and Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Austin Sarat
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1786350750
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Studies in Law, Politics, and Society by Austin Sarat Summary

Topics covered in this volume include: capital punishment; US abortion law; legal politics of temporality in emergencies; gendered racialization and White supremacy in the US; conflict resolution and legal theory; and self-determination for indigenous peoples in the Pacific.

Two Treatises on Government

Two Treatises on Government Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Locke
Editor: Industrial Systems Research
ISBN: 0906321476
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Two Treatises on Government by John Locke Summary

John Lockes 1690 book is one of the most important and influential works on government ever published. The first part demolishes the main authoritarian/totalitarian ideology of its day: the doctrine of the divine right of kings to absolute arbitrary power over their subjects. The second sets out the real social origins, functions, and limits of government. Locke demonstrates that far from God and natural law ordaining all-powerful hereditary dictatorship, the only legitimate form of government is one established by the consent of the people and committed to upholding their fundamental human rights to life, liberty, and property. The book justified the Glorious Revolution establishing parliamentary government in England and was an inspiration behind the American Declaration of Independence a century later. Around the world, it continues to have a profound influence on the theory and practice of limited representative government and the protection of basic rights and freedoms under the rule of law. However, the book is now well over 300 years old and present-day readers find its language difficult to follow and understand in places. This version translates the work into current English and seeks to make its substantive content clearer. Literalness and original word order and grammar are retained as far as possible. Nonetheless, the primary objective has been to improve the readability of the text in order to better convey its meaning. The considerable distance in time between the two documents has inevitably meant a considerable difference in conventional writing styles. In addition, much of Lockes analysis is intrinsically highly complex and subtle. Thus, this new version diverges significantly from the original throughout.

The Rule of Law

The Rule of Law Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Møller,S. Skaaning
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137320613
FileSize: 1932kb
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The Rule of Law by J. Møller,S. Skaaning Summary

Through critical analysis of key concepts and measures of the rule of law, this book shows that the choice of definitions and measures affects descriptive and explanatory findings about nomocracy. It argues a constitutionalist legacy from centuries ago explains why European civilizations display higher adherence to rule of law than other countries.

Modern Slavery

Modern Slavery Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Julia O'Connell Davidson
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137297298
FileSize: 808kb
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Modern Slavery by Julia O'Connell Davidson Summary

Providing a unique critical perspective to debates on slavery, this book brings the literature on transatlantic slavery into dialogue with research on informal sector labour, child labour, migration, debt, prisoners, and sex work in the contemporary world in order to challenge popular and policy discourse on modern slavery.

The Reflective Practitioner in Professional Education

The Reflective Practitioner in Professional Education Pdf/ePub eBook Author: L. Lawrence-Wilkes,L. Ashmore
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137399597
FileSize: 1775kb
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The Reflective Practitioner in Professional Education by L. Lawrence-Wilkes,L. Ashmore Summary

How important is it to be a reflective practitioner in education today? This book examines the reflective practitioner role and the scope of reflective activities in professional practice, revealing that critical thinking is rooted in a philosophical debate about notions of truth linked to differing learning approaches.

The Two Narratives of Political Economy

The Two Narratives of Political Economy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nicholas Capaldi,Gordon Lloyd
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118011686
FileSize: 596kb
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The Two Narratives of Political Economy by Nicholas Capaldi,Gordon Lloyd Summary

Captures the 17th-19th century origins and developments ofpolitical economy by editing original texts and illuminatingtheir relevance for today's political debate Political economy from the 17th century to the present can be captured in two narratives originating with Locke and Rousseau. Those original narratives were expanded in significant ways in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the editors argue that they still hold sway today. Edited original writings included in the anthology are from: Locke, Rousseau, Adam Smith, Tocqueville, Mill, Marx, Proudhon, Owen, the Federalist Papers, the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, and the American Constitution. The editors have restricted their comments to the extensive introductions thereby allowing the original participants to speak for themselves. The readings included are intended to be instructive with respect to the origin and development of the two narratives rather than an exhaustive account of how thinkers and writers on economics advance the discipline of economics as a social science. Reviews "The editors provide a compelling collection to critically frame the clash of Political Economy which shapes modern democracies. Their selections and introductions expertly paint a picture of the contending schools to suggest how enduring these core challenges remain. By placing these writers within this great debate, the authors guide students to discover the essential questions of liberty, equality, and the proper role of the state at the core of the American economic debate." —Roberta Q. Herzberg, Utah State University Political Science "The real service performed by Capaldi and Lloyd is to provide generous excerpts from supporters of both narratives so that the reader can determine for themselves who best makes their case. I recommend this volume highly both to the individual interested in learning about the intellectual and political history of political economy and to the professor in search of a one-volume anthology on political economy for use in a course on economic thought." —Steven D. Ealy, Senior Fellow, Liberty Fund, Inc.