Magic and the Mind by Eugene Subbotsky

Magic and the Mind
  • Title : Magic and the Mind
  • Author : Eugene Subbotsky
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780199742172
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Magical thinking and behavior have traditionally been viewed as immature, misleading alternatives to scientific thought that in children inevitably diminish with age. In adults, these inclinations have been labeled by psychologists largely as superstitions that feed on frustration, uncertainty, and the unpredictable nature of certain human activities. In Magic and the Mind, Eugene Subbotsky provides an overview of the mechanisms and development of magical thinking and beliefs throughout the life span while arguing that the role of this type of thought in human development should be reconsidered. Rather than an impediment to scientific reasoning or a byproduct of cognitive development, in children magical thinking is an important and necessary complement to these processes, enhancing creativity at problem-solving and reinforcing coping strategies, among other benefits. In adults, magical thinking and beliefs perform important functions both for individuals (coping with unsolvable problems and stressful situations) and for society (enabling mass influence and promoting social harmony). Operating in realms not bound by physical causality, such as emotion, relationships, and suggestion, magical thinking is an ongoing, developing psychological mechanism that, Subbotsky argues, is integral in the contexts of politics, commercial advertising, and psychotherapy, and undergirds our construction and understanding of meaning in both mental and physical worlds. Magic and the Mind represents a unique contribution to our understanding of the importance of magical thinking, offering experimental evidence and conclusions never before collected in one source. It will be of interest to students and scholars of developmental psychology, as well as sociologists, anthropologists, and educators.


Experiencing the Impossible by Gustav Kuhn

Experiencing the Impossible
  • Title : Experiencing the Impossible
  • Author : Gustav Kuhn
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 026203946X
  • Pages : 296
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How the scientific study of magic reveals intriguing—and often unsettling—insights into the mysteries of the human mind. What do we see when we watch a magician pull a rabbit out of a hat or read a person's mind? We are captivated by an illusion; we applaud the fact that we have been fooled. Why do we enjoy experiencing what seems clearly impossible, or at least beyond our powers of explanation? In Experiencing the Impossible, Gustav Kuhn examines the psychological processes that underpin our experience of magic. Kuhn, a psychologist and a magician, reveals the intriguing—and often unsettling—insights into the human mind that the scientific study of magic provides. Magic, Kuhn explains, creates a cognitive conflict between what we believe to be true (for example, a rabbit could not be in that hat) and what we experience (a rabbit has just come out of that hat!). Drawing on the latest psychological, neurological, and philosophical research, he suggests that misdirection is at the heart of all magic tricks, and he offers a scientific theory of misdirection. He explores, among other topics, our propensity for magical thinking, the malleability of our perceptual experiences, forgetting and misremembering, free will and mind control, and how magic is applied outside entertaiment—the use of illusion in human-computer interaction, politics, warfare, and elsewhere. We may be surprised to learn how little of the world we actually perceive, how little we can trust what we see and remember, and how little we are in charge of our thoughts and actions. Exploring magic, Kuhn illuminates the complex—and almost magical—mechanisms underlying our daily activities.


Enchanted America by J. Eric Oliver,Thomas J. Wood

Enchanted America
  • Title : Enchanted America
  • Author : J. Eric Oliver,Thomas J. Wood
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 022657850X
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

America is in civic chaos, its politics rife with conspiracy theories and false information. Nationalism and authoritarianism are on the rise, while scientists, universities, and news organizations are viewed with increasing mistrust. Its citizens reject scientific evidence on climate change and vaccinations while embracing myths of impending apocalypse. And then there is Donald Trump, a presidential candidate who won the support of millions of conservative Christians despite having no moral or political convictions. What is going on? The answer, according to J. Eric Oliver and Thomas J. Wood, can be found in the most important force shaping American politics today: human intuition. Much of what seems to be irrational in American politics arises from the growing divide in how its citizens make sense of the world. On one side are rationalists. They use science and reason to understand reality. On the other side are intuitionists. They rely on gut feelings and instincts as their guide to the world. Intuitionists believe in ghosts and End Times prophecies. They embrace conspiracy theories, disbelieve experts, and distrust the media. They are stridently nationalistic and deeply authoritarian in their outlook. And they are the most enthusiastic supporters of Donald Trump. The primary reason why Trump captured the presidency was that he spoke about politics in a way that resonated with how Intuitionists perceive the world. The Intuitionist divide has also become a threat to the American way of life. A generation ago, intuitionists were dispersed across the political spectrum, when most Americans believed in both God and science. Today, intuitionism is ideologically tilted toward the political right. Modern conservatism has become an Intuitionist movement, defined by conspiracy theories, strident nationalism, and hostility to basic civic norms. Enchanted America is a clarion call to rationalists of all political persuasions to reach beyond the minority and speak to intuitionists in a way they understand. The values and principles that define American democracy are at stake.


Magic and the Supernatural by N.A

Magic and the Supernatural
  • Title : Magic and the Supernatural
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • ISBN Code : 1848880952
  • Pages : 118
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The Psychology of Magic and the Magic of Psychology by Amir Raz,Jay A. Olson,Gustav Kuhn

The Psychology of Magic and the Magic of Psychology
  • Title : The Psychology of Magic and the Magic of Psychology
  • Author : Amir Raz,Jay A. Olson,Gustav Kuhn
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • ISBN Code : 2889450082
  • Pages : 175
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Magicians have dazzled audiences for many centuries; however, few researchers have studied how, let alone why, most tricks work. The psychology of magic is a nascent field of research that examines the underlying mechanisms that conjurers use to achieve enchanting phenomena, including sensory illusions, misdirection of attention, and the appearance of mind-control and nuanced persuasion. Most studies to date have focused on either the psychological principles involved in watching and performing magic or “neuromagic” - the neural correlates of such phenomena. Whereas performers sometimes question the contributions that modern science may offer to the advancement of the magical arts, the history of magic reveals that scientific discovery often charts new territories for magicians. In this research topic we sketch out the symbiotic relationship between psychological science and the art of magic. On the one hand, magic can inform psychology, with particular benefits for the cognitive, social, developmental, and transcultural components of behavioural science. Magicians have a large and robust set of effects that most researchers rarely exploit. Incorporating these effects into existing experimental, even clinical, paradigms paves the road to innovative trajectories in the study of human behaviour. For example, magic provides an elegant way to study the behaviour of participants who may believe they had made choices that they actually did not make. Moreover, magic fosters a more ecological approach to experimentation whereby scientists can probe participants in more natural environments compared to the traditional lab-based settings. Examining how magicians consistently influence spectators, for example, can elucidate important aspects in the study of persuasion, trust, decision-making, and even processes spanning authorship and agency. Magic thus offers a largely underused armamentarium for the behavioural scientist and clinician. On the other hand, psychological science can advance the art of magic. The psychology of deception, a relatively understudied field, explores the intentional creation of false beliefs and how people often go wrong. Understanding how to methodically exploit the tenuous twilight zone of human vulnerabilities – perceptual, logical, emotional, and temporal – becomes all the more revealing when top-down influences, including expectation, symbolic thinking, and framing, join the fray. Over the years, science has permitted magicians to concoct increasingly effective routines and to elicit heightened feelings of wonder from audiences. Furthermore, on occasion science leads to the creation of novel effects, or the refinement of existing ones, based on systematic methods. For example, by simulating a specific card routine using a series of computer stimuli, researchers have decomposed the effect and reconstructed it into a more effective routine. Other magic effects depend on meaningful psychological knowledge, such as which type of information is difficult to retain or what changes capture attention. Behavioural scientists measure and study these factors. By combining analytical findings with performer intuitions, psychological science begets effective magic. Whereas science strives on parsimony and independent replication of results, magic thrives on reproducing the same effect with multiple methods to obscure parsimony and minimise detection. This Research Topic explores the seemingly orthogonal approaches of scientists and magicians by highlighting the crosstalk as well as rapprochement between psychological science and the art of deception.


Imagining the Impossible by Karl S. Rosengren,Carl N. Johnson,Paul L. Harris

Imagining the Impossible
  • Title : Imagining the Impossible
  • Author : Karl S. Rosengren,Carl N. Johnson,Paul L. Harris
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521665872
  • Pages : 418
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book, first published in 2000, offers research on children's thinking that stretches beyond the ordinary boundaries of reality.


Magical Thinking in Severe Grief Reactions by Christian Lönneker

Magical Thinking in Severe Grief Reactions
  • Title : Magical Thinking in Severe Grief Reactions
  • Author : Christian Lönneker
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 365825002X
  • Pages : 182
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Christian Lönneker systematically explores the phenomenon of magical thinking in the context of severe grief reactions focusing on intrusive forms reported by bereaved individuals seeking professional support. The author succeeds in proposing a comprehensive definition of magical thinking and a rationale for its association with grief based on various disciplines, such as psychology, anthropology, and the cognitive science of religion. Within the scope of a grounded theory study, case reports comprise themes like bringing the deceased back to life, the magical efficacy of religious rituals, and attempts to ward off harmful influences of the dead.


The Crowd by Gustave Le Bon

The Crowd
  • Title : The Crowd
  • Author : Gustave Le Bon
  • Publisher : The Floating Press
  • ISBN Code : 1775416275
  • Pages : 273
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The following work is devoted to an account of the characteristics of crowds. Organized crowds have always played an important part in the life of peoples, but this part has never been of such moment as at present. The substitution of the unconscious action of crowds for the conscious activity of individuals is one of the principal characteristics of the present age. Crowds, doubtless, are always unconscious, but this very unconsciousness is perhaps one of the secrets of their strength. In the natural world beings exclusively governed by instinct accomplish acts whose marvelous complexity astounds us. Reason is an attribute of humanity of too recent date and still too imperfect to reveal to us the laws of the unconscious, and still more to take its place. The part played by the unconscious in all our acts is immense, and that played by reason very small.


The 7 Laws of Magical Thinking by Matthew Hutson

The 7 Laws of Magical Thinking
  • Title : The 7 Laws of Magical Thinking
  • Author : Matthew Hutson
  • Publisher : Oneworld Publications
  • ISBN Code : 9781851689576
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Everyone – even the most jaded and sceptical – believes in ‘magic’, in the form of luck, mind over matter, the power of similarities, jinxes, and destiny. In this wonderful exploration of psychology, Matthew Hutson takes us on a fascinating tour of magical thinking in everyday life, revealing the healing power of John Lennon’s piano; the reason gamblers kiss their tickets; and why admitting you have no free will staves off addiction.


The Cambridge Handbook of Cultural-Historical Psychology by Anton Yasnitsky,René van der Veer,Michel Ferrari

The Cambridge Handbook of Cultural-Historical Psychology
  • Title : The Cambridge Handbook of Cultural-Historical Psychology
  • Author : Anton Yasnitsky,René van der Veer,Michel Ferrari
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521139946
  • Pages : 546
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The field of cultural-historical psychology originated in the work of Lev Vygotsky and the Vygotsky Circle in the Soviet Union more than eighty years ago, and has now established a powerful research tradition in Russia and the West. The Cambridge Handbook of Cultural-Historical Psychology is the first volume to systematically present cultural-historical psychology as an integrative/holistic developmental science of mind, brain, and culture. Its main focus is the inseparable unity of the historically evolving human mind, brain, and culture, and the ways to understand it. The contributors are major international experts in the field, and include authors of major works on Lev Vygotsky, direct collaborators and associates of Alexander Luria, and renowned neurologist Oliver Sacks. The Handbook will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of psychology, education, humanities and neuroscience.


Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, III by Harold I. Kaplan,Alfred M. Freedman,Benjamin J. Sadock

Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, III
  • Title : Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, III
  • Author : Harold I. Kaplan,Alfred M. Freedman,Benjamin J. Sadock
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 3365
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Practices of Wonder by Sophia Vasalou

Practices of Wonder
  • Title : Practices of Wonder
  • Author : Sophia Vasalou
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 1621899187
  • Pages : 266
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Wonder has often occupied a place of unique importance across a variety of human practices and intellectual activities. At different times and historical periods, it has been hailed as the beginning of philosophy and as the end that philosophy should aspire to pursue; as the motive force of scientific quests and their fruit; as the aim of art and the means art uses to accomplish its aims; and as the religious experience par excellence and the hallmark of a deeper spiritual life. Yet despite the special relationship it has borne to many of our most highly valued intellectual and spiritual practices, wonder remains a neglected and understudied notion. This volume aims to redress this neglect, bringing together a collection of essays drawn from different disciplines to consider the sense of wonder from a number of complementary perspectives. What is wonder? What role has it historically played in philosophy, science, art and aesthetics, and the religious or spiritual life? Can wonder be dangerous? Is wonder an experience in which we should, or indeed could, aspire to dwell? Why, among human experiences, should it be prized? Contributors: Mary-Jane Rubenstein, Stephen Mulhall, Sylvana Chrysakopoulou, Derek Matravers, Michel Hulin, Alexander Rueger, Robert Fuller, David Burrell, Claude-Olivier Doron & Sophia Vasalou.


Clinical Psychiatry by Harold I. Kaplan,Alfred M. Freedman,Benjamin J. Sadock

Clinical Psychiatry
  • Title : Clinical Psychiatry
  • Author : Harold I. Kaplan,Alfred M. Freedman,Benjamin J. Sadock
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 566
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Science of Lay Theories by Claire M. Zedelius,Barbara C. N. Müller,Jonathan W. Schooler

The Science of Lay Theories
  • Title : The Science of Lay Theories
  • Author : Claire M. Zedelius,Barbara C. N. Müller,Jonathan W. Schooler
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319573063
  • Pages : 382
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This timely and important collection broadens our understanding of the ways in which lay theories (also known as folk psychologies, implicit theories, naïve theories, or mindsets) impact our lives and social relations. Moving well beyond lay theories as applied to intelligence and achievement, this volume considers lay theories in an admirably wide context, including perspectives on prejudice, creativity, self-regulation, health, free will, justice, magic, religion and more. Eminent and emerging scholars alike provide a comprehensive overview that presents and synthesizes cutting edge contemporary research on lay theories, spanning social, cognitive, developmental, cultural, and clinical psychology. Structurally, this volume is organized in three parts. Beginning with a preface by renowned scholar Carol Dweck, the first part looks at the origins and nature of lay theories, and how malleable they are. The second part explores lay theories about common psychological phenomena. The third section discusses lay theories about the metaphysical or supernatural. Finally, the last section explores the important question of how lay theories impact health and health behavior. Taken together, the chapters provide an integrative survey of the science of lay theories, bringing together many perspectives that previously have been studied largely in isolation. This volume is more than the sum of its parts—perspectives from different strands of research provide insights that cut across research disciplines, making novel connections and prompting new directions for this field of study. Shedding light on how our beliefs shape all facets of our lives, The Science of Lay Theories: How Beliefs Shape Our Cognition, Behavior, and Health will appeal to researchers and practitioners in psychology, as well as philosophers, cognitive and developmental neuroscientists, religious scholars, sociologists, and anthropologists. It is very rare to say of an edited volume of scholarly chapters “I couldn’t put it down!” Yet that was the case with this book. It’s not just that I have worked in this field for many years, but rather, with every chapter I felt I was gaining new insights into what, deep down, people really believe and how these beliefs influence their lives—Carol Dweck, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA


Chicago Psychoanalytic Literature Index by Institute for Psychoanalysis

Chicago Psychoanalytic Literature Index
  • Title : Chicago Psychoanalytic Literature Index
  • Author : Institute for Psychoanalysis
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Oxford Handbook of the Development of Imagination by Marjorie Taylor

The Oxford Handbook of the Development of Imagination
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the Development of Imagination
  • Author : Marjorie Taylor
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019539576X
  • Pages : 585
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Oxford Handbook of the Development of Imagination provides a comprehensive overview of research on the role of imagination in cognitive and social development and its link with children's understanding of the real world.


Beyond Modularity by Annette Karmiloff-Smith

Beyond Modularity
  • Title : Beyond Modularity
  • Author : Annette Karmiloff-Smith
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780262611145
  • Pages : 234
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Taking a stand between Piaget's constructivism and Fodor's nativism, this text offers a theory of developmental change that embraces both approaches and applies it to the study of human cognition. Cognitive development is seen to provide a portrait of the flexibility of the human mind.


The Magic Years by Selma Fraiberg

The Magic Years
  • Title : The Magic Years
  • Author : Selma Fraiberg
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN Code : 0684825503
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A guide for parents who wish to understand the physical and psychological problems of early childhood


The Cambridge Handbook of the Imagination by Anna Abraham

The Cambridge Handbook of the Imagination
  • Title : The Cambridge Handbook of the Imagination
  • Author : Anna Abraham
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1108429246
  • Pages : 862
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The human imagination manifests in countless different forms. We imagine the possible and the impossible. How do we do this so effortlessly? Why did the capacity for imagination evolve and manifest with undeniably manifold complexity uniquely in human beings? This handbook reflects on such questions by collecting perspectives on imagination from leading experts. It showcases a rich and detailed analysis on how the imagination is understood across several disciplines of study, including anthropology, archaeology, medicine, neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, and the arts. An integrated theoretical-empirical-applied picture of the field is presented, which stands to inform researchers, students, and practitioners about the issues of relevance across the board when considering the imagination. With each chapter, the nature of human imagination is examined - what it entails, how it evolved, and why it singularly defines us as a species.


In Gods We Trust by Scott Atran

In Gods We Trust
  • Title : In Gods We Trust
  • Author : Scott Atran
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019988434X
  • Pages : 388
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This ambitious, interdisciplinary book seeks to explain the origins of religion using our knowledge of the evolution of cognition. A cognitive anthropologist and psychologist, Scott Atran argues that religion is a by-product of human evolution just as the cognitive intervention, cultural selection, and historical survival of religion is an accommodation of certain existential and moral elements that have evolved in the human condition.


Anomalistic Psychology by Leonard Zusne,Warren H. Jones

Anomalistic Psychology
  • Title : Anomalistic Psychology
  • Author : Leonard Zusne,Warren H. Jones
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • ISBN Code : 1317784340
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Updating and expanding the materials from the first edition, Anomalistic Psychology, Second Edition integrates and systematically treats phenomena of human consciousness and behaviors that appear to violate the laws of nature. The authors present and detail a new explanatory concept they developed that provides a naturalistic interpretation for these phenomena -- Magical Thinking. For undergraduate and graduate students and professionals in cognitive psychology, research methods, thinking, and parapsychology.


How People Learn by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

How People Learn
  • Title : How People Learn
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309131979
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.


Psychology for Teachers by N.A

Psychology for Teachers
  • Title : Psychology for Teachers
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN Code : 1349169447
  • Pages : 402
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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SA. Sociological Analysis by N.A

SA. Sociological Analysis
  • Title : SA. Sociological Analysis
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Seven Complex Lessons in Education for the Future by Edgar Morin

Seven Complex Lessons in Education for the Future
  • Title : Seven Complex Lessons in Education for the Future
  • Author : Edgar Morin
  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • ISBN Code : 9231037781
  • Pages : 95
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Examines fundamental problems often overlooked or neglected in education. These problems are presented as "seven complex lessons" that should be covered in an education of the future in all societies in every culture, according to means and rules appropriate to those societies and cultures.


Handbook of Research on Adult Learning and Development by M Cecil Smith,Nancy DeFrates-Densch, Assistant Editor

Handbook of Research on Adult Learning and Development
  • Title : Handbook of Research on Adult Learning and Development
  • Author : M Cecil Smith,Nancy DeFrates-Densch, Assistant Editor
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1135597405
  • Pages : 832
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The time is right for this comprehensive, state-of-the-art Handbook that analyzes, integrates, and summarizes theoretical advances and research findings on adult development and learning - a rapidly growing field reflecting demographic shifts toward an aging population in Western societies. Featuring contributions from prominent scholars across diverse disciplinary fields (education, developmental psychology, public policy, gerontology, neurology, public health, sociology, family studies, and adult education), the volume is organized around six themes: theoretical perspectives on adult development and learning research methods in adult development research on adult development research on adult learning aging and gerontological research policy perspectives on aging. The Handbook is an essential reference for researchers, faculty, graduate students and practitioners whose work pertains to adult and lifespan development and learning.


Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging by Amir Raz,Robert T. Thibault

Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging
  • Title : Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging
  • Author : Amir Raz,Robert T. Thibault
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • ISBN Code : 0128163097
  • Pages : 204
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Most people find colorful brain scans highly compelling—and yet, many experts don’t. This discrepancy begs the question: What can we learn from neuroimaging? Is brain information useful in fields such as psychiatry, law, or education? How do neuroscientists create brain activation maps and why do we admire them? Casting Light on The Dark Side of Brain Imaging tackles these questions through a critical and constructive lens—separating fruitful science from misleading neuro-babble. In a breezy writing style accessible to a wide readership, experts from across the brain sciences offer their uncensored thoughts to help advance brain research and debunk the craze for reductionist, headline-grabbing neuroscience. This collection of short, enlightening essays is suitable for anyone interested in brain science, from students to professionals. Together, we take a hard look at the science behind brain imaging and outline why this technique remains promising despite its seldom-discussed shortcomings. Challenges the tendency toward neuro-reductionism Deconstructs hype through a critical yet constructive lens Unveils the nature of brain imaging data Explores emerging brain technologies and future directions Features a non-technical and accessible writing style


The Development of Coping by Ellen A. Skinner,Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck

The Development of Coping
  • Title : The Development of Coping
  • Author : Ellen A. Skinner,Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319417401
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book traces the development of coping from birth to emerging adulthood by building a conceptual and empirical bridge between coping and the development of regulation and resilience. It offers a comprehensive overview of the challenges facing the developmental study of coping, including the history of the concept, critiques of current coping theories and research, and reviews of age differences and changes in coping during childhood and adolescence. It integrates multiple strands of cutting-edge theory and research, including work on the development of stress neurophysiology, attachment, emotion regulation, and executive functions. In addition, chapters track how coping develops, starting from birth and following its progress across multiple qualitative shifts during childhood and adolescence. The book identifies factors that shape the development of coping, focusing on the effects of underlying neurobiological changes, social relationships, and stressful experiences. Qualitative shifts are emphasized and explanatory factors highlight multiple entry points for the diagnosis of problems and implementation of remedial and preventive interventions. Topics featured in this text include: Developmental conceptualizations of coping, such as action regulation under stress. Neurophysiological developments that underlie age-related shifts in coping. How coping is shaped by early adversity, temperament, and attachment. How parenting and family factors affect the development of coping. The role of coping in the development of psychopathology and resilience. The Development of Coping is a must-have resource for researchers, professors, and graduate students as well as clinicians and related professionals in developmental, clinical child, and school psychology, public health, counseling, personality and social psychology, and neurophysiological psychology as well as prevention and intervention science.


Psychology by Lester Sdorow,Cheryl A. Rickabaugh

Psychology
  • Title : Psychology
  • Author : Lester Sdorow,Cheryl A. Rickabaugh
  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 528
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning by Norbert M. Seel

Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning
  • Title : Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning
  • Author : Norbert M. Seel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 1441914277
  • Pages : 3536
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Over the past century, educational psychologists and researchers have posited many theories to explain how individuals learn, i.e. how they acquire, organize and deploy knowledge and skills. The 20th century can be considered the century of psychology on learning and related fields of interest (such as motivation, cognition, metacognition etc.) and it is fascinating to see the various mainstreams of learning, remembered and forgotten over the 20th century and note that basic assumptions of early theories survived several paradigm shifts of psychology and epistemology. Beyond folk psychology and its naïve theories of learning, psychological learning theories can be grouped into some basic categories, such as behaviorist learning theories, connectionist learning theories, cognitive learning theories, constructivist learning theories, and social learning theories. Learning theories are not limited to psychology and related fields of interest but rather we can find the topic of learning in various disciplines, such as philosophy and epistemology, education, information science, biology, and – as a result of the emergence of computer technologies – especially also in the field of computer sciences and artificial intelligence. As a consequence, machine learning struck a chord in the 1980s and became an important field of the learning sciences in general. As the learning sciences became more specialized and complex, the various fields of interest were widely spread and separated from each other; as a consequence, even presently, there is no comprehensive overview of the sciences of learning or the central theoretical concepts and vocabulary on which researchers rely. The Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning provides an up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the specific terms mostly used in the sciences of learning and its related fields, including relevant areas of instruction, pedagogy, cognitive sciences, and especially machine learning and knowledge engineering. This modern compendium will be an indispensable source of information for scientists, educators, engineers, and technical staff active in all fields of learning. More specifically, the Encyclopedia provides fast access to the most relevant theoretical terms provides up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the most important theories within the various fields of the learning sciences and adjacent sciences and communication technologies; supplies clear and precise explanations of the theoretical terms, cross-references to related entries and up-to-date references to important research and publications. The Encyclopedia also contains biographical entries of individuals who have substantially contributed to the sciences of learning; the entries are written by a distinguished panel of researchers in the various fields of the learning sciences.


Introduction to Consciousness by Arne Dietrich

Introduction to Consciousness
  • Title : Introduction to Consciousness
  • Author : Arne Dietrich
  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN Code : 1137041765
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This new textbook, written in a lucid and catchy style, draws on all major disciplines that make up the study of consciousness - neuroscience, cognitive science, psychology, and philosophy. With a strong emphasis on empirical evidence, it is designed as an introductory, single-volume overview of the exciting field of consciousness.


Sleights of Mind by Sandra Blakeslee,Stephen L. Macknik,Susana Martinez-Conde

Sleights of Mind
  • Title : Sleights of Mind
  • Author : Sandra Blakeslee,Stephen L. Macknik,Susana Martinez-Conde
  • Publisher : Profile Books
  • ISBN Code : 1847652956
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What can magic tell us about ourselves and our daily lives? If you subtly change the subject during an uncomfortable conversation, did you know you're using attentional 'misdirection', a core technique of magic? And if you've ever bought an expensive item you'd sworn never to buy, you were probably unaware that the salesperson was, like an accomplished magician, a master at creating the 'illusion of choice'. Leading neuroscientists Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde meet with magicians from all over the world to explain how the magician's art sheds light on consciousness, memory, attention, and belief. As the founders of the new discipline of NeuroMagic, they combine cutting-edge scientific research with startling insights into the tricks of the magic trade. By understanding how magic manipulates the processes in our brains, we can better understand how we work - in fields from law and education to marketing, health and psychology - for good and for ill.


Positive Psychology at the Movies by Ryan M Niemiec,Danny Wedding

Positive Psychology at the Movies
  • Title : Positive Psychology at the Movies
  • Author : Ryan M Niemiec,Danny Wedding
  • Publisher : Hogrefe Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1616764430
  • Pages : 502
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

For educators, practitioners, researchers, and everyone striving for personal growth and a fulfilling life! This completely revised edition of a classic in the field provides a unique way to learn about positive psychology and what is right and best about human beings. Positive Psychology at the Movies now reviews nearly 1,500 movies, includes dozens of evocative film images, and is replete with practical aids to learning. Positive psychology is one of the most important modern developments in psychology. Films brilliantly illustrate character strengths and other positive psychology concepts and inspire new ways of thinking about human potential. Positive Psychology at the Movies uses movies to introduce the latest research, practices, and concepts in this field of psychology. This book systematically discusses each of the 24 character strengths, balancing film discussion, related psychological research, and practical applications. Practical resources include a syllabus for a positive psychology course using movies, films suitable for children, adolescents, and families, and questions likely to inspire classroom and therapy discussions. Positive Psychology at the Movies was written for educators, students, practitioners, and researchers, but anyone who loves movies and wants to change his or her life will find it inspiring and relevant. Watching the movies recommended in this book will help the reader practice the skill of strengths-spotting in themselves and others and support personal growth and self-improvement. Read this book to learn more about positive psychology – and watch these films to become a better person!


The Art of Thinking Clearly by Rolf Dobelli

The Art of Thinking Clearly
  • Title : The Art of Thinking Clearly
  • Author : Rolf Dobelli
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • ISBN Code : 0062359800
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Have you ever . . . Invested time in something that, in hindsight, just wasn't worth it? Paid too much in an eBay auction? Continued to do something you knew was bad for you? Sold stocks too late, or too early? Taken credit for success, but blamed failure on external circumstances? Backed the wrong horse? These are examples of what the author calls cognitive biases, simple errors all of us make in day-to-day thinking. But by knowing what they are and how to identify them, we can avoid them and make better choices: whether in dealing with personal problems or business negotiations, trying to save money or earn profits, or merely working out what we really want in life—and strategizing the best way to get it. Already an international bestseller, The Art of Thinking Clearly distills cutting-edge research from behavioral economics, psychology, and neuroscience into a clever, practical guide for anyone who's ever wanted to be wiser and make better decisions. A novelist, thinker, and entrepreneur, Rolf Dobelli deftly shows that in order to lead happier, more prosperous lives, we don't need extra cunning, new ideas, shiny gadgets, or more frantic hyperactivity—all we need is less irrationality. Simple, clear, and always surprising, this indispensable book will change the way you think and transform your decision making—at work, at home, every day. From why you shouldn't accept a free drink to why you should walk out of a movie you don't like, from why it's so hard to predict the future to why you shouldn't watch the news, The Art of Thinking Clearly helps solve the puzzle of human reasoning.


The Teen Years Explained by Clea McNeely,Jayne Blanchard

The Teen Years Explained
  • Title : The Teen Years Explained
  • Author : Clea McNeely,Jayne Blanchard
  • Publisher : Jayne Blanchard
  • ISBN Code : 0615302467
  • Pages : 103
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

We idealize childhood and demonize adolescence, often viewing the typical teenager as a bundle of problems. Yet according to a new book, The Teen Years Explained: A Guide to Healthy Adolescent Development, by Clea McNeely, MPH, DrPH and Jayne Blanchard, adolescence can be a time of opportunity, not turmoil. By understanding the developmental stages and changes of adolescence, both teens and adults can get the most out of this second decade of life. In plain English, this guide incorporates the latest scientific findings about physical, emotional, cognitive, identity formation, sexual and spiritual development with tips and strategies on how to use this information in real-life situations involving teens. Whether you have five minutes or five hours, you will find something useful in this book. This practical and colorful guide to healthy adolescent development is an essential resource for parents, teens, and all people who work with young people.


Models of Working Memory by Akira Miyake,Priti Shah

Models of Working Memory
  • Title : Models of Working Memory
  • Author : Akira Miyake,Priti Shah
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521587211
  • Pages : 506
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume offers a much-needed forum for comparing and contrasting existing models of working memory.


Understanding Psychosis and Schizophrenia by Anne Cooke

Understanding Psychosis and Schizophrenia
  • Title : Understanding Psychosis and Schizophrenia
  • Author : Anne Cooke
  • Publisher : BPS Books
  • ISBN Code : 9781854337481
  • Pages : 188
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This report provides an overview of the current state of knowledge about why some people hear voices, experience paranoia or have other experiences seen as 'psychosis'. It also describes what can help. In clinical language, the report concerns the 'causes and treatment of schizophrenia and other psychoses'. In recent years we have made huge progress in understanding the psychology of what had previously often been thought of as a largely biological problem, an illness. Much has been written about the biological aspects: this report aims to redress the balance by concentrating on the psychological and social aspects, both in terms of how we understand these experiences and also what can help when they become distressing. We hope that this report will contribute to a fundamental change that is already underway in how we as a society think about and offer help for 'psychosis' and 'schizophrenia'. For example, we hope that in future services will no longer insist that service users accept one particular view of their problem, namely the traditional view that they have an illness which needs to be treated primarily by medication. The report is intended as a resource for people who work in mental health services, people who use them and their friends and relatives, to help ensure that their conversations are as well informed and as useful as possible. It also contains vital information for those responsible for commissioning and designing both services and professional training, as well as for journalists and policy-makers. We hope that it will help to change the way that we as a society think about not only psychosis but also the other kinds of distress that are sometimes called mental illness. This report was written by a working party mainly comprised of clinical psychologists drawn from the NHS and universities, and brought together by their professional body, the British Psychological Society Division of Clinical Psychology. This report draws on and updates an earlier one, Recent Advances in Understanding Mental Illness and Psychotic Experiences, which was published in 2000 and was widely read and cited. The contributors are leading experts and researchers in the field; a full listing with affiliations is given at the end of the report. More than a quarter of the contributors are experts by experience - people who have themselves heard voices, experienced paranoia or received diagnoses such as psychosis or schizophrenia. At the end of the report there is an extensive list of websites, books and other resources that readers might find useful, together with list of the academic research and other literature that the report draws on.


Introduction to Psychology by Linda L. Davidoff

Introduction to Psychology
  • Title : Introduction to Psychology
  • Author : Linda L. Davidoff
  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 657
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Reader in Comparative Religion by William Armand Lessa (ed)

Reader in Comparative Religion
  • Title : Reader in Comparative Religion
  • Author : William Armand Lessa (ed)
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 598
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


In the Mind's Eye by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Techniques for the Enhancement of Human Performance

In the Mind's Eye
  • Title : In the Mind's Eye
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Techniques for the Enhancement of Human Performance
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309047471
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The archer stands and pulls back the bow, visualizing the path of the arrow to the target. Does this mental exercise enhance performance? Can we all use such techniques to improve performance in our daily lives? In the Mind's Eye addresses these and other intriguing questions. This volume considers basic issues of performance, exploring how techniques for quick learning affect long-term retention, whether an expert's behavior can serve as a model for beginners, if team performance is the sum of individual members' performances, and whether subliminal learning has a basis in science. The book also considers meditation and some other pain control techniques. Deceit and the ability to detect deception are explored in detail. In the area of self-assessment techniques for career development, the volume evaluates the widely used Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.