Making Classroom Assessments Reliable And Valid

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Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work

Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: ASCD
ISBN: 1416614990
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Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work by , Summary

In Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work, Robert J. Marzano provides an in-depth exploration of what he calls "one of the most powerful weapons in a teacher's arsenal." An effective standards-based, formative assessment program can help to dramatically enhance student achievement throughout the K-12 system, Marzano says. Drawing from his own and others' extensive research, the author provides comprehensive answers to questions such as these: * What are the characteristics of an effective assessment program? * How can educators use national and state standards documents as a basis for creating a comprehensive, topic-based assessment system? * What types of assessment items and tasks are best suited to measuring student progress in mastering information, mental procedures, and psychomotor procedures? * Why does the traditional point system used for scoring often lead to incorrect conclusions about a student's actual knowledge? * What types of scoring and final grading systems provide the most accurate portrayal of a student's progress along a continuum of learning? In addition to providing teachers with all the tools they need to create a better assessment system, Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work makes a compelling case for the potential of such a system to transform the culture of schools and districts, and to propel K-12 education to new levels of effectiveness and efficiency.

Formative Assessment & Standards-Based Grading

Formative Assessment & Standards-Based Grading Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert J. Marzano
Editor: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 1935542435
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Formative Assessment & Standards-Based Grading by Robert J. Marzano Summary

Learn everything you need to know to implement an integrated system of assessment and grading. The author details the specific benefits of formative assessment and explains how to design and interpret three different types of formative assessments, how to track student progress, and how to assign meaningful grades. Detailed examples bring each concept to life, and chapter exercises reinforce the content.

Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom

Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kelly A. Parkes,Frederick Burrack
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429510926
FileSize: 566kb
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Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom by Kelly A. Parkes,Frederick Burrack Summary

Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom addresses the challenges faced by today’s K-12 educators and future music educators who are expected to utilize and incorporate assessment data as a hallmark of student learning and reflection of effective teaching. Highlighting best practices while presenting current scholarship and literature, this practical workbook-style text provides future music teachers with a framework for integrating assessment processes in the face of a certain lack of understanding and possible dissatisfaction with assessment tools and tasks. Each chapter is prefaced by an overview outlining learning expectations and essential questions, and supplemented throughout by an array of pedagogical features: Discussion prompts Activities and worksheets Learning experiences Expanded reference lists Citing examples across a range of musical settings—e.g. band, chorus, orchestra, jazz, and piano and guitar labs—Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom builds from the classroom assessment paradigm, encouraging teachers to create assessment tasks most appropriate to their curricula goals and planned student outcomes. Joined by fellow experts in the field Brian C. Wesolowski and Phillip Payne, the authors invite readers to explore and apply the material in authentic ways to inspire student learning through a comprehensive approach to educative assessment.

Teacher-Made Assessments

Teacher-Made Assessments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christopher R. Gareis,Leslie W. Grant
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317681355
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Teacher-Made Assessments by Christopher R. Gareis,Leslie W. Grant Summary

Assessment is not only a measure of student learning, but a means to student learning. This bestselling book guides you in constructing and using your own classroom assessments, including tests, quizzes, essays, and rubrics to improve student achievement. You will learn how to weave together curriculum, instruction, and learning to make assessment a more natural, useful part of teaching. Find out how to... ensure your assessments are fair, reliable, and valid; construct assessments that meet the level of cognitive demand expected of students; create select-response items and understand technology-enhanced items that are increasingly being used on assessments; use constructed-response items and develop scoring criteria such as rubrics; and analyze student results on assessments and use feedback more effectively. This second edition features updated examples that reflect the Common Core State Standards as well as other content standards and new, useful samples of teacher-friendly techniques for strengthening classroom assessment practices. No matter what grade level or subject area you teach, this practical book will become your go-to resource for designing effective assessments.

Handbook of Classroom Assessment

Handbook of Classroom Assessment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gary D. Phye
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080533025
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Handbook of Classroom Assessment by Gary D. Phye Summary

The Handbook of Classroom Assessment takes a multi-dimensional approach to classroom assessment. A successful combination of theory and practice, the book emphasizes the assessment of classroom learning within content areas and the development of standards for evaluation. Most chapters are devoted to the assessment of learning and achievement and discuss current theories. The book also features assessment of academic self-concept and subjective well-being in children and adolescents. The Handbook provides successfully field-tested examples of assessment techniques and strategies within the content areas of mathematics, social studies, foreign languages, and the visual arts. Contributing chapter authors share the unique distinction of having backgrounds that include both the development of assessment theory and first hand experience translating theory into practice at the classroom, school site, state, or national level. The book is divided into four sections. Section I discusses the top five theories with respect to what learning is, how it's related to achievement, and how we assess both in the classroom setting. Section II on standardized assessment briefly covers all major standardized achievement tests used in preschool, K-6, and 7-12. Assessment of classroom learning, Section III, presents test instruments and techniques specific to the measurement of math skills, social science skills, and artistic talent across ages and grades. Section IV on classroom practices includes an assessment of general reasoning skills and performance and how to develop a grading philosophy. Key Features * Explains the why, what, and how of classroom assessment * Combines theory and practice for a multidimensional approach to assessment * Presents test instruments and techniques specific to measuring various skills * Uses field-tested examples of assessment techniques * Provides a resource for staff development at the school site

Professional Learning Communities at Work®and High-Reliability SchoolsTM

Professional Learning Communities at Work®and High-Reliability SchoolsTM Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert Eaker,Robert J. Marzano
Editor: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 1949539644
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Professional Learning Communities at Work®and High-Reliability SchoolsTM by Robert Eaker,Robert J. Marzano Summary

Dramatically improve schooling by harnessing the collective power of the High Reliability SchoolsTM (HRS) model and the PLC at Work® process. Featuring some of America's best educators, this anthology includes information, insights, and practical suggestions for both PLCs and HRS. The overarching purpose is to demonstrate how these two approaches, taken together, complement each other and support educators in their efforts to create a culture of continuous improvement. Use this resource to ensure a guaranteed and viable curriculum: Study the HRS and PLC practices with guidance from numerous practitioners and experts, developing good teachers into great teachers through a culture of accountability. Learn how to keep your school focused on the right work in order to achieve learning for all through a continuous improvement process. Understand how the HRS model can improve success with the PLC process and how the PLC at Work process is the cornerstone of a high reliability school. Explore the ways in which strong leaders can model and improve the why and how of PLC at Work through a collaborative culture. Explore the five levels of the HRS model, and then learn how to relate each level to PLC at Work process to improve education in your school or district. Contents: Introduction: Professional Learning Communities at Work and High Reliability Schools—Merging Best Practices for School Improvement by Robert J. Marzano and Robert Eaker Part I: The Five Levels A Safe, Supportive, and Collaborative Culture 1. Culture Building in a High Reliability School by Mario Acosta 2. Frames of Mind and Tools for Success: Organizational Culture in a PLC by Anthony Muhammad Effective Teaching in Every Classroom 3. Six Steps for Effective Teaching in Every Classroom by Toby Boss 4. Effective Teaching in a Professional Learning Community by William M. Ferriter A Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum 5. Six Action Steps for a Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum by Jan K. Hoegh 6. PLC, HRS, and a Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum by Heather Friziellie and Julie A. Schmidt Standards-Referenced Reporting 7. A Multiyear Plan for Standards-Referenced Reporting by Tammy Heflebower 8. Grading and Reporting for Learning in a PLC by Eric Twadell Competency-Based Education 9. Personalized, Competency-Based Education by Mike Ruyle 10. Preparation for Tomorrow: A Competency-Based Focus and PLCs by Mike Mattos Part II: Professional Learning Communities, High Reliability Organizations, and School Leadership 11. High Reliability Leadership by Philip B. Warrick 12. Leadership in a PLC: Coherence and Culture by Timothy D. Kanold Part III: Professional Learning Communities, High Reliability Organizations, and District Leadership 13. Leadership in High Reliability School Districts by Cameron L. Rains 14. Leadership in a High Performing PLC by Marc Johnson

Evaluation and Testing in Nursing Education

Evaluation and Testing in Nursing Education Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Marilyn H. Oermann, PhD, RN, FAAN,Kathleen B. Gaberson, Phd, RN, CNOR, CNE
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826110626
FileSize: 451kb
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Evaluation and Testing in Nursing Education by Marilyn H. Oermann, PhD, RN, FAAN,Kathleen B. Gaberson, Phd, RN, CNOR, CNE Summary

Designated a Doody's Core Title and Essential Purchase! "Without question, this book should be on every nurse educator's bookshelf, or at least available through the library or nursing program office. Certainly, all graduate students studying to be nurse educators should have a copy." --Nursing Education Perspectives "This [third edition] is an invaluable resource for theoretical and practical application of evaluation and testing of clinical nursing students. Graduate students and veteran nurses preparing for their roles as nurse educators will want to add this book to their library." Score: 93, 4 stars --Doody's "This 3rd edition. . . .has again given us philosophical, theoretical and social/ethical frameworks for understanding assessment and measurement, as well as fundamental knowledge to develop evaluation tools for individual students and academic programs." -Nancy F. Langston, PhD, RN, FAAN Dean and Professor Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing All teachers need to assess learning. But often, teachers are not well prepared to carry out the tasks related to evaluation and testing. This third edition of Evaluation and Testing in Nursing Education serves as an authoritative resource for teachers in nursing education programs and health care agencies. Graduate students preparing for their roles as nurse educators will also want to add this book to their collection. As an inspiring, award-winning title, this book presents a comprehensive list of all the tools required to measure students' classroom and clinical performance. The newly revised edition sets forth expanded coverage on essential concepts of evaluation, measurement, and testing in nursing education; quality standards of effective measurement instruments; how to write all types of test items and establish clinical performance parameters and benchmarks; and how to evaluate critical thinking in written assignments and clinical performance. Special features: The steps involved in test construction, with guidelines on how to develop test length, test difficulty, item formats, and scoring procedures Guidelines for assembling and administering a test, including design rules and suggestions for reproducing the test Strategies for writing multiple-choice and multiple-response items How to develop test items that prepare students for licensure and certification examinations Like its popular predecessors, this text offers a seamless blending of theoretical and practical insight on evaluation and testing in nursing education, thus serving as an invaluable resource for both educators and students.

Designing & Teaching Learning Goals & Objectives

Designing & Teaching Learning Goals & Objectives Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert J. Marzano
Editor: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 1935542443
FileSize: 1800kb
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Designing & Teaching Learning Goals & Objectives by Robert J. Marzano Summary

Design and teach effective learning goals and objectives by following strategies based on the strongest research available. This book includes a summary of key research behind these classroom practices and shows how to implement them using step-by-step hands-on strategies. Short quizzes help readers assess their understanding of the instructional best practices explained in each section.

Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards

Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309132862
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Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards Summary

The National Science Education Standards address not only what students should learn about science but also how their learning should be assessed. How do we know what they know? This accompanying volume to the Standards focuses on a key kind of assessment: the evaluation that occurs regularly in the classroom, by the teacher and his or her students as interacting participants. As students conduct experiments, for example, the teacher circulates around the room and asks individuals about their findings, using the feedback to adjust lessons plans and take other actions to boost learning. Focusing on the teacher as the primary player in assessment, the book offers assessment guidelines and explores how they can be adapted to the individual classroom. It features examples, definitions, illustrative vignettes, and practical suggestions to help teachers obtain the greatest benefit from this daily evaluation and tailoring process. The volume discusses how classroom assessment differs from conventional testing and grading-and how it fits into the larger, comprehensive assessment system.

Assessment and Learning

Assessment and Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Gardner
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1446253813
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Assessment and Learning by John Gardner Summary

Assessment and Learning places learning at the centre of our concerns and explicitly underscores the importance of assessment in that learning. This new edition provides a comprehensive overview of assessment that is used to support learning, practice-based theory on assessment for learning, and formative assessment to support individual development and motivate learners. With a strong list of existing and new contributors, this second edition has been updated to include the latest work on assessment. Readers will find research-informed insights from a wide variety of international contexts. It features: - New chapters on e-assessment, the learner's perspective on assessment and learning and the influence of assessment on how we value learning - Teacher-friendly assessment topics - Practical examples and chapter summaries throughout This book is useful to teacher educators and researchers on postgraduate courses in education, teaching, learning and assessment. John Gardner is a professor of education at Queens University Belfast, and President of the British Educational Research Association.

Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom

Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kelly A. Parkes,Frederick Burrack
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429510926
FileSize: 1829kb
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Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom by Kelly A. Parkes,Frederick Burrack Summary

Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom addresses the challenges faced by today’s K-12 educators and future music educators who are expected to utilize and incorporate assessment data as a hallmark of student learning and reflection of effective teaching. Highlighting best practices while presenting current scholarship and literature, this practical workbook-style text provides future music teachers with a framework for integrating assessment processes in the face of a certain lack of understanding and possible dissatisfaction with assessment tools and tasks. Each chapter is prefaced by an overview outlining learning expectations and essential questions, and supplemented throughout by an array of pedagogical features: Discussion prompts Activities and worksheets Learning experiences Expanded reference lists Citing examples across a range of musical settings—e.g. band, chorus, orchestra, jazz, and piano and guitar labs—Developing and Applying Assessments in the Music Classroom builds from the classroom assessment paradigm, encouraging teachers to create assessment tasks most appropriate to their curricula goals and planned student outcomes. Joined by fellow experts in the field Brian C. Wesolowski and Phillip Payne, the authors invite readers to explore and apply the material in authentic ways to inspire student learning through a comprehensive approach to educative assessment.

Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards

Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Committee on Developing Assessments of Science Proficiency in K-12
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309289548
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Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Committee on Developing Assessments of Science Proficiency in K-12 Summary

Assessments, understood as tools for tracking what and how well students have learned, play a critical role in the classroom. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards develops an approach to science assessment to meet the vision of science education for the future as it has been elaborated in A Framework for K-12 Science Education (Framework) and Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). These documents are brand new and the changes they call for are barely under way, but the new assessments will be needed as soon as states and districts begin the process of implementing the NGSS and changing their approach to science education. The new Framework and the NGSS are designed to guide educators in significantly altering the way K-12 science is taught. The Framework is aimed at making science education more closely resemble the way scientists actually work and think, and making instruction reflect research on learning that demonstrates the importance of building coherent understandings over time. It structures science education around three dimensions - the practices through which scientists and engineers do their work, the key crosscutting concepts that cut across disciplines, and the core ideas of the disciplines - and argues that they should be interwoven in every aspect of science education, building in sophistication as students progress through grades K-12. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards recommends strategies for developing assessments that yield valid measures of student proficiency in science as described in the new Framework. This report reviews recent and current work in science assessment to determine which aspects of the Framework's vision can be assessed with available techniques and what additional research and development will be needed to support an assessment system that fully meets that vision. The report offers a systems approach to science assessment, in which a range of assessment strategies are designed to answer different kinds of questions with appropriate degrees of specificity and provide results that complement one another. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards makes the case that a science assessment system that meets the Framework's vision should consist of assessments designed to support classroom instruction, assessments designed to monitor science learning on a broader scale, and indicators designed to track opportunity to learn. New standards for science education make clear that new modes of assessment designed to measure the integrated learning they promote are essential. The recommendations of this report will be key to making sure that the dramatic changes in curriculum and instruction signaled by Framework and the NGSS reduce inequities in science education and raise the level of science education for all students.

Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards

Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309132862
FileSize: 1206kb
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Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards Summary

The National Science Education Standards address not only what students should learn about science but also how their learning should be assessed. How do we know what they know? This accompanying volume to the Standards focuses on a key kind of assessment: the evaluation that occurs regularly in the classroom, by the teacher and his or her students as interacting participants. As students conduct experiments, for example, the teacher circulates around the room and asks individuals about their findings, using the feedback to adjust lessons plans and take other actions to boost learning. Focusing on the teacher as the primary player in assessment, the book offers assessment guidelines and explores how they can be adapted to the individual classroom. It features examples, definitions, illustrative vignettes, and practical suggestions to help teachers obtain the greatest benefit from this daily evaluation and tailoring process. The volume discusses how classroom assessment differs from conventional testing and grading-and how it fits into the larger, comprehensive assessment system.

Guiding School Improvement with Action Research

Guiding School Improvement with Action Research Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard Sagor
Editor: ASCD
ISBN: 1416615903
FileSize: 1413kb
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Guiding School Improvement with Action Research by Richard Sagor Summary

Action research, explored in this book, is a seven-step process for improving teaching and learning in classrooms at all levels. Through practical examples, research tools, and easy-to-follow "implementation strategies," Richard Sagor guides readers through the process from start to finish. Learn how to uncover and use the data that already exist in your classrooms and schools to answer significant questions about your individual or collective concerns and interests. Sagor covers each step in the action research process in detail: selecting a focus, clarifying theories, identifying research questions, collecting data, analyzing data, reporting results, and taking informed action. Drawing from the experience of individual teachers, faculties, and school districts, Sagor describes how action research can enhance teachers' professional standing and efficacy while helping them succeed in settings characterized by increasingly diverse student populations and an emphasis on standards-based reform. The book also demonstrates how administrators and policymakers can use action research to bolster efforts related to accreditation, teacher supervision, and job-embedded staff development. Part how-to guide, part inspirational treatise, Guiding School Improvement with Action Research provides advice, information, and encouragement to anyone interested in reinventing schools as learning communities and restructuring teaching as the true profession it was meant to be.

Testing, Teaching, and Learning

Testing, Teaching, and Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Committee on Title I Testing and Assessment
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309172868
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Testing, Teaching, and Learning by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Committee on Title I Testing and Assessment Summary

State education departments and school districts face an important challenge in implementing a new law that requires disadvantaged students to be held to the same standards as other students. The new requirements come from provisions of the 1994 reauthorization of Title I, the largest federal effort in precollegiate education, which provides aid to "level the field" for disadvantaged students. Testing, Teaching, and Learning is written to help states and school districts comply with the new law, offering guidance for designing and implementing assessment and accountability systems. This book examines standards-based education reform and reviews the research on student assessment, focusing on the needs of disadvantaged students covered by Title I. With examples of states and districts that have track records in new systems, the committee develops a practical "decision framework" for education officials. The book explores how best to design assessment and accountability systems that support high levels of student learning and to work toward continuous improvement. Testing, Teaching, and Learning will be an important tool for all involved in educating disadvantaged studentsâ€"state and local administrators and classroom teachers.

A Handbook for High Reliability Schools

A Handbook for High Reliability Schools Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert J. Marzano,Phil Warrick
Editor: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 0985890207
FileSize: 1662kb
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A Handbook for High Reliability Schools by Robert J. Marzano,Phil Warrick Summary

Usher in the new era of school reform. The authors help you transform your schools into organizations that take proactive steps to prevent failure and ensure student success. Using a research-based five-level hierarchy along with leading and lagging indicators, you’ll learn to assess, monitor, and confirm the effectiveness of your schools. Each chapter includes what actions should be taken at each level.

An Introduction to Psychological Assessment and Psychometrics

An Introduction to Psychological Assessment and Psychometrics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Keith Coaley
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1473904293
FileSize: 370kb
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An Introduction to Psychological Assessment and Psychometrics by Keith Coaley Summary

In An Introduction to Psychological Assessment and Psychometrics, Keith Coaley outlines the key ingredients of psychological assessment, providing case studies to illustrate their application, making it an ideal textbook for courses on psychometrics or psychological assessment. New to the Second Edition: Includes occupational and educational settings Covers ethical and professional issues with a strong practical focus Case study material related to work selection settings End of chapter self-assessments to facilitate students’ progress Complaint with the latest BPS Certificate of Testing curriculum Electronic inspection copies are available for instructors.

Measurement and Statistics for Teachers

Measurement and Statistics for Teachers Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Malcolm L. Van Blerkom
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315464764
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Measurement and Statistics for Teachers by Malcolm L. Van Blerkom Summary

Measurement and Statistics for Teachers deftly combines descriptive statistics and measurement in the classroom into a student-friendly, practical volume. Based on a course taught by the author for the past 25 years, this book offers to undergraduate education students a clear account of the basic issues in measurement and details best practices for administering performance assessments, interpreting test scores, and evaluating student writing. This second edition includes updated pedagogical features, timely discussions of student assessment, state standards (including NCLB), and an expanded focus that incorporates the needs of Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary teachers.

Reliability and Validity Assessment

Reliability and Validity Assessment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edward G. Carmines,Richard A. Zeller
Editor: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452207712
FileSize: 1089kb
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Reliability and Validity Assessment by Edward G. Carmines,Richard A. Zeller Summary

This guide explains how social scientists can evaluate the reliability and validity of empirical measurements, discussing the three basic types of validity: criterion related, content, and construct. In addition, the paper shows how reliability is assessed by the retest method, alternative-forms procedure, split-halves approach, and internal consistency method.