Martyrdom: A Very Short Introduction by Jolyon Mitchell

Martyrdom: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Martyrdom: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Jolyon Mitchell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199585237
  • Pages : 141
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Martyrdom is a controversial topic, with a long history of provoking fierce debate. In this Very Short Introduction Jolyon Mitchell provides a historical analysis to understand the contemporary debates surrounding martyrdom. Using examples from a variety of contexts around the world, he explores how it has evolved, and what it means today.


Christian Art by Beth Williamson

Christian Art
  • Title : Christian Art
  • Author : Beth Williamson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019280328X
  • Pages : 132
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This work decodes the key themes, signs and symbols found in Christian art - the Eucharist, the Crucifixion, the Virgin Mary. It also explores the theological and historical background of Christian imagery, from the devotional works of the medieval and Renaissance periods, to the 21st century.


Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction by Eleanor Nesbitt

Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Eleanor Nesbitt
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198745575
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Sikh religion has a following of over 20 million people worldwide, and is ranked as the world's fifth largest religion. However, events such as the verbal and physical attacks on Sikhs just after September 11, where Sikhs were being mistaken for Muslims, suggest that the Sikh faith still remains mysterious to many. This Very Short Introduction introduces newcomers to the meaning of the Sikh religious tradition, its teachings, practices, rituals and festivals. Eleanor Nesbitt highlights and contextualizes the key threads in the history of Sikhism, from the first Gurus to martyrdom, militarization, and the increasingly significant diaspora. Examining gender, caste, and the changes that are currently underway in the faith, Nesbitt considers contemporary Sikh identities and their role in our world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Islamic History: A Very Short Introduction by Adam J. Silverstein

Islamic History: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Islamic History: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Adam J. Silverstein
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019160934X
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Does history matter? This book argues not that history matters, but that Islamic history does. This Very Short Introduction introduces the story of Islamic history; the controversies surrounding its study; and the significance that it holds - for Muslims and for non-Muslims alike. Opening with a lucid overview of the rise and spread of Islam, from the seventh to twenty first century, the book charts the evolution of what was originally a small, localised community of believers into an international religion with over a billion adherents. Chapters are also dedicated to the peoples - Arabs, Persians, and Turks - who shaped Islamic history, and to three representative institutions - the mosque, jihad, and the caliphate - that highlight Islam's diversity over time. Finally, the roles that Islamic history has played in both religious and political contexts are analysed, while stressing the unique status that history enjoys amongst Muslims, especially compared to its lowly place in Western societies where history is often seen as little more than something that is not to be repeated. Some of the questions that will be answered are: · How did Islam arise from the obscurity of seventh century Arabia to the headlines of twenty first century media? · How do we know what we claim to know about Islam's rise and development? · Why does any of this matter, either to Muslims or to non-Muslims? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Ancient Warfare: A Very Short Introduction by Harry Sidebottom

Ancient Warfare: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Ancient Warfare: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Harry Sidebottom
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191577979
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Greek and Roman warfare differed from other cultures and was unlike any other forms of warfare before and after. The key difference is often held to be that the Greeks and Romans practised a 'Western Way of War', where the aim is an open, decisive battle, won by courage instilled in part by discipline. Harry Sidebottom looks at how and why this 'Western Way of War' was constructed and maintained by the Greeks and Romans, why this concept is so popular and prevalent today, and at whether or not this is an accurate interpretation. All aspects of ancient warfare are thoroughly examined - from philosophy and strategy to the technical skills needed to fight. He looks at war in the wider context - how wars could shape classical society, and how the individual's identity could be constructed by war, for example the Christian soldier fighting in God's name. He also explores the ways in which ancient society thought about conflict: Can a war be just? Why was siege warfare particularly bloody? What role did divine intervention play in the outcome of a battle? Taking fascinating examples from the Iliad, Tacitus, and the Persian Wars, Sidebottom uses arresting anecdotes and striking visual images to show that the any understanding of ancient war is an ongoing process of interpretation. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction by Peter Marshall

The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Peter Marshall
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578886
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Reformation transformed Europe, and left an indelible mark on the modern world. It began as an argument about what Christians needed to do to be saved, but rapidly engulfed society in a series of fundamental changes. This Very Short Introduction provides a lively and up-to-date guide to the process. It explains doctrinal debates in a clear and non-technical way, but is equally concerned to demonstrate the effects the Reformation had on politics, society, art, and minorities. Peter Marshall argues that the Reformation was not a solely European phenomenon, but that varieties of faith exported from Europe transformed Christianity into a truly world religion. The complex legacy of the Reformation is also assessed; its religious fervour produced remarkable stories of sanctity and heroism, and some extraordinary artistic achievements, but violence, holy war, and martyrdom were equally its products. A paradox of the Reformation - that it intensified intolerance while establishing pluralism - is one we still wrestle with today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Judaism by Norman Solomon

Judaism
  • Title : Judaism
  • Author : Norman Solomon
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199687358
  • Pages : 151
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Outlines the basics of practical Judaism and considers how Judaism has responded to, and dealt with, a number of key issues and debates, including the impact of the Holocaust and the establishment of the State of Israel.


War and Religion: a Very Short Introduction by Jolyon Mitchell,Joshua Rey

War and Religion: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : War and Religion: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Jolyon Mitchell,Joshua Rey
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780198803218
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book provides an overview of the history of religion and war, and a framework for analysing it. Ranging from ancient history to modern day conflicts, and touching on both religiously incited violence and pacifism, it offers a nuanced view on these issues that have had such weight in the past, and which continue to shape our present and future.


The Roman Empire: A Very Short Introduction by Christopher Kelly

The Roman Empire: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Roman Empire: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Christopher Kelly
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0192803913
  • Pages : 153
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Roman Empire was a remarkable achievement. With a population of sixty million people, it encircled the Mediterranean and stretched from northern England to North Africa and Syria. This Very Short Introduction covers the history of the empire at its height, looking at its people, religions and social structures. It explains how it deployed violence, 'romanisation', and tactical power to develop an astonishingly uniform culture from Rome to its furthest outreaches.


Augustine: A Very Short Introduction by Henry Chadwick

Augustine: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Augustine: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Henry Chadwick
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191606634
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

By his writings, the surviving bulk of which exceeds that of any other ancient author, Augustine came to influence not only his contemporaries but also the West since his time. This Very Short Introduction traces the development of Augustine's thought, discussing his reaction to the thinkers before him, and themes such as freedom, creation, and the trinity. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction by Peter Marshall

The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Reformation: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Peter Marshall
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578886
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
  • GET EBOOK

Summary:

The Reformation transformed Europe, and left an indelible mark on the modern world. It began as an argument about what Christians needed to do to be saved, but rapidly engulfed society in a series of fundamental changes. This Very Short Introduction provides a lively and up-to-date guide to the process. It explains doctrinal debates in a clear and non-technical way, but is equally concerned to demonstrate the effects the Reformation had on politics, society, art, and minorities. Peter Marshall argues that the Reformation was not a solely European phenomenon, but that varieties of faith exported from Europe transformed Christianity into a truly world religion. The complex legacy of the Reformation is also assessed; its religious fervour produced remarkable stories of sanctity and heroism, and some extraordinary artistic achievements, but violence, holy war, and martyrdom were equally its products. A paradox of the Reformation - that it intensified intolerance while establishing pluralism - is one we still wrestle with today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The Gloucester martyr, a sketch of the life, times, and martyrdom of J. Hooper, bishop of Gloucester and Worcester by William Higgs (secretary to the Gouc. Sunday sch. union centenary celebrations.)

The Gloucester martyr, a sketch of the life, times, and martyrdom of J. Hooper, bishop of Gloucester and Worcester
  • Title : The Gloucester martyr, a sketch of the life, times, and martyrdom of J. Hooper, bishop of Gloucester and Worcester
  • Author : William Higgs (secretary to the Gouc. Sunday sch. union centenary celebrations.)
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Rhetoric: A Very Short Introduction by Richard Toye

Rhetoric: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Rhetoric: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Richard Toye
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019165373X
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Rhetoric is often seen as a synonym for shallow, deceptive language, and therefore as something negative. But if we view rhetoric in more neutral terms, as the 'art of persuasion', it is clear that we are all forced to engage with it at some level, if only because we are constantly exposed to the rhetoric of others. In this Very Short Introduction, Richard Toye explores the purpose of rhetoric. Rather than presenting a defence of it, he considers it as the foundation-stone of civil society, and an essential part of any democratic process. Using wide-ranging examples from Ancient Greece, medieval Islamic preaching, and modern cinema, Toye considers why we should all have an appreciation of the art of rhetoric. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Tragedy: A Very Short Introduction by Adrian Poole

Tragedy: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Tragedy: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Adrian Poole
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191577626
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What do we mean by 'tragedy' in present-day usage? When we turn on the news, does a report of the latest atrocity have any connection with the masterpieces of Sophocles, Shakespeare and Racine? What has tragedy been made to mean by dramatists, story-tellers, critics, philosophers, politicians and journalists over the last two and a half millennia? Why do we still read, re-write, and stage these old plays? This book argues for the continuities between 'then' and 'now'. Addressing questions about belief, blame, mourning, revenge, pain, witnessing, timing and ending, Adrian Poole demonstrates the age-old significance of our attempts to make sense of terrible suffering. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Cryptography: A Very Short Introduction by Fred Piper,Sean Murphy

Cryptography: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Cryptography: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Fred Piper,Sean Murphy
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191577758
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book is a clear and informative introduction to cryptography and data protection - subjects of considerable social and political importance. It explains what algorithms do, how they are used, the risks associated with using them, and why governments should be concerned. Important areas are highlighted, such as Stream Ciphers, block ciphers, public key algorithms, digital signatures, and applications such as e-commerce. This book highlights the explosive impact of cryptography on modern society, with, for example, the evolution of the internet and the introduction of more sophisticated banking methods. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Fundamentalism: A Very Short Introduction by Malise Ruthven

Fundamentalism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Fundamentalism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Malise Ruthven
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191579556
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Malise Ruthven tackles the polemic and stereotypes surrounding this complex phenomenon - one that eludes sim today, a conclusion impossible to ignore since the events in New York on September 11 2001. But what does 'fundamentalism' really mean? Since it was coined by American Protestant evangelicals in the 1920s, the use of the term 'fundamentalist' has expanded to include a diverse range of radical conservatives and ideological purists, not all religious. Fundamentalism could now mean both militant Israeli settlers as well as the Islamist radicals who oppose them, it can mean Christians, Hindus, animal liberationists, and even Buddhist nationalists. Ruthven investigates fundamentalism's historical, social, religious, political, and ideological roots, and tackles the polemic and stereotypes surrounding this complex phenomenon - one that eludes simple definition, yet urgently needs to be understood. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Causation: A Very Short Introduction by Stephen Mumford,Rani Lill Anjum

Causation: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Causation: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Stephen Mumford,Rani Lill Anjum
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019968443X
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Without cause and effect, there would be no science or technology, no moral responsibility, and no system of law. Causation is therefore the most fundamental connection in the universe and a core topic of philosophical thought. This Very Short Introduction introduces all of the main theories of causation and its key debates.


Symmetry: A Very Short Introduction by Ian Stewart

Symmetry: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Symmetry: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Ian Stewart
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0199651981
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Symmetry is an immensely important concept in mathematics and throughout the sciences. In this Very Short Introduction, Ian Stewart highlights the deep implications of symmetry and its important scientific applications across the entire subject.


Fascism: A Very Short Introduction by Kevin Passmore

Fascism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Fascism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Kevin Passmore
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019150856X
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What is fascism? Is it revolutionary? Or is it reactionary? Can it be both? Fascism is notoriously hard to define. How do we make sense of an ideology that appeals to streetfighters and intellectuals alike? That is overtly macho in style, yet attracts many women? That calls for a return to tradition while maintaining a fascination with technology? And that preaches violence in the name of an ordered society? In the new edition of this Very Short Introduction, Kevin Passmore brilliantly unravels the paradoxes of one of the most important phenomena in the modern world—tracing its origins in the intellectual, political, and social crises of the late nineteenth century, the rise of fascism following World War I, including fascist regimes in Italy and Germany, and the fortunes of 'failed' fascist movements in Eastern Europe, Spain, and the Americas. He also considers fascism in culture, the new interest in transnational research, and the progress of the far right since 2002. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction by Damien Keown

Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Damien Keown
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191640506
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction introduces the reader to the teachings of the Buddha and to the workings of Buddhism in daily life. Damien Keown looks at the distinctive features of Buddhism, examining who the Buddha was and what his teachings were. By considering how Buddhist thought has developed over the centuries, Keown considers how contemporary dilemmas can be faced from a Buddhist perspective. In this new edition Keown provides new perspectives on Buddhist thought, including up-to-date material about the evolution of Buddhism throughout Asia, the material culture of Buddhism and its importance, new teachings on the ethics of war and peace, and changes to ethnicity, class, and gender. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Colonial America: A Very Short Introduction by Alan Taylor

Colonial America: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Colonial America: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Alan Taylor
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199987149
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In the traditional narrative of American colonial history, early European settlements, as well as native peoples and African slaves, were treated in passing as unfortunate aberrations in a fundamentally upbeat story of Englishmen becoming freer and more prosperous by colonizing an abundant continent of "free land." Over the last generation, historians have broadened our understanding of colonial America by adopting both a trans-Atlantic and a trans-continental perspective, examining the interplay of Europe, Africa, and the Americas through the flow of goods, people, plants, animals, capital, and ideas. In this Very Short Introduction, Alan Taylor presents an engaging overview of the best of this new scholarship. He shows that American colonization derived from a global expansion of European exploration and commerce that began in the fifteenth century. The English had to share the stage with the French, Spanish, Dutch, and Russians, each of whom created alternative Americas. By comparing the diverse colonies of rival empires, Taylor recovers what was truly distinctive about the English enterprise in North America. He focuses especially on slavery as central to the economy, culture, and political thought of the colonists and restores the importance of native peoples to the colonial story. To adapt to the new land, the colonists needed the expertise, guidance, alliance, and trade of the Indians who dominated the interior. This historical approach emphasizes the ability of the diverse natives to adapt to the newcomers and to compel concessions from them. This Very Short Introduction describes an intermingling of cultures and of microbes, plants, and animals--from different continents that was unparalleled in global history. Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.


American Politics: A Very Short Introduction by Richard M. Valelly

American Politics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : American Politics: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Richard M. Valelly
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199706077
  • Pages : 152
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

American politics seems to grow more contentious and complicated by the day, and whether American democracy works well is hotly debated. Amidst all this roiling partisan argument and confusing claims and counterclaims, there has never been a greater need for an impartial primer on the basics of the American political system. This Very Short Introduction gives readers a concise, accessible, and sophisticated overview of the vital elements of American democracy, emphasizing both how these elements function, their historical origins, and how they have evolved into their present forms. Richard Valelly covers all facets of America's political system: the bicameral Congress and the place of the filibuster, the legislative-executive process, the role of the Supreme Court, political parties and democratic choice, bureaucracy, the partisan revival, and the political economy. He offers as well an original analysis of the evolution of the American presidency and a fascinating chapter on the effects of public polling on political decision-making and voter representation. Valelly shows that the American political system is, and always has been, very much a work in progress--unfolding within, and also constantly updating, an eighteenth-century constitutional framework. In a refreshingly balanced and judicious assessment, he explores the strengths of American democracy while candidly acknowledging both gaps in representation and the increasing income inequality have sparked protest and intense public discussion. Finally, Valelly considers the remarkable persistence, for more than two centuries, of the basic constitutional forms established in 1787, despite the dramatic social changes that have reshaped virtually all aspects of American life. For anyone wishing to understand the nuts and bolts of how our political system works--and sometimes fails to work--this Very Short Introduction is the very best place to start. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.


Modern Ireland: A Very Short Introduction by Senia Paseta

Modern Ireland: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Modern Ireland: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Senia Paseta
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019157757X
  • Pages : 184
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This is a book about the Irish Question, or more specifically about Irish Questions. The term has become something of a catch-all, a convenient way to encompass numerous issues and developments which pertain to the political, social, and economic history of modern Ireland.The Irish Question has of course changed: one of the main aims of this book is to explore the complicated and shifting nature of the Irish Question and to assess what it has meant to various political minds and agendas. No other issue brought down as many nineteenth-century governments and no comparable twentieth-century dilemma has matched its ability to frustrate the attempts of British cabinets to find a solution; this inability to find a lasting answer to the Irish Question is especially striking when seen in the context of the massive shifts in British foreign policy brought about by two world wars, decolonization, and the cold war. Senia Paseta charts the changing nature of the Irish Question over the last 200 years, within an international political and social historical context. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Contemporary Fiction: A Very Short Introduction by Robert Eaglestone

Contemporary Fiction: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Contemporary Fiction: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Robert Eaglestone
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191665150
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Contemporary fiction is a wide and diverse field, now global in dimension, with an enormous range of novels and writers that continues to grow at a fantastic speed. In this Very Short Introduction, Robert Eaglestone provides a clear and engaging exploration of the major themes, patterns, and debates of contemporary fiction. From genre, form, and experimentalism to the legacies of modernism and postmodernism, the relationship between globalization and terrorism, and the impact of technology, Eaglestone examines how works both reflect the world in which we live and the artistic concerns of writers and readers alike. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction by Thomas Flynn

Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Thomas Flynn
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191579300
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Existentialism was one of the leading philosophical movements of the twentieth century. Focusing on its seven leading figures, Sartre, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Kierkegaard, de Beauvoir, Merleau-Ponty and Camus, this Very Short Introduction provides a clear account of the key themes of the movement which emphasized individuality, free will, and personal responsibility in the modern world. Drawing in the movement's varied relationships with the arts, humanism, and politics, this book clarifies the philosophy and original meaning of 'existentialism' - which has tended to be obscured by misappropriation. Placing it in its historical context, Thomas Flynn also highlights how existentialism is still relevant to us today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


The New Testament: A Very Short Introduction by Luke Timothy Johnson

The New Testament: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The New Testament: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Luke Timothy Johnson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780199745999
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

As ancient literature and a cornerstone of the Christian faith, the New Testament has exerted a powerful religious and cultural impact. But how much do we really know about its origins? Who were the people who actually wrote the sacred texts that became part of the Christian Bible? The New Testament: A Very Short Introduction authoritatively addresses these questions, offering a fresh perspective on the underpinnings of this profoundly influential collection of writings. In this concise, engaging book, noted New Testament scholar Luke Timothy Johnson takes readers on a journey back to the time of the early Roman Empire, when the New Testament was written in ordinary Greek (koine) by the first Christians. The author explains how the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, and Revelation evolved into the canon of sacred writings for the Christian religion, and how they reflect a reinterpretation of the symbolic world and societal forces of first-century Greco-Roman and Jewish life. Equally important, readers will find both a positive and critical reading of the New Testament--one that looks beyond its theological orientation to reveal an often-surprising diversity of viewpoints. This one-of-a-kind introduction engages four distinct dimensions of the earliest Christian writings--anthropological, historical, religious, and literary--to provide readers with a broad conceptual and factual framework. In addition, the book takes an in-depth look at compositions that have proven to be particularly relevant over the centuries, including Paul's letters to the Corinthians and Romans and the Gospels of John, Mark, Matthew, and Luke. Ideal for general readers and students alike, this fascinating resource characterizes the writing of the New Testament not as an unknowable abstraction or the product of divine intervention, but as an act of human creativity by people whose real experiences, convictions, and narratives shaped modern Christianity.


The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction by Amanda H. Podany

The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Amanda H. Podany
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0195377990
  • Pages : 148
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The ancient Near East is defined, for the purposes of this book, as the cuneiform lands," the regions of the ancient world where the cuneiform script, written on clay tablets, was used as the most common medium for written communication. These lands comprise Mesopotamia (with its variously named regions: Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria); Syria, Elam (later known as Persia), and Anatolia. The three thousand years to be covered by this book - from around 3500 BCE, with the founding ofthe first Mesopotamian cities (which coincide with the invention of writing) to the conquest of the Near East by the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE - encompass an era of remarkable innovation and achievement. Many of the creations of the people of the ancient Near East are still with us, from fundamental inventions such as the wheel and the plow to intellectual feats such as the inventions of astronomy, law, and diplomacy. The region is known as the "cradle of civilization" for good reason. Here, men and women first tried to live peacefully together in densely urban cities, and found ways, through law and custom, to thrive and prosper. The popular image of history as a story of progress from primitive barbarism to modern sophistication is completely belied by the study of the ancient Near East. For example, women had many rights and freedoms; they could own property, run businesses, and represent themselves in court. Diplomats traveled between the capital cities of major powers ensuring peace and friendship between the kings. Scribes and scholars studied the stars and could predict eclipses and the movements of the planets. These achievements were lost in subsequent centuries, only to be reborn in more modern times. Perhaps the most obvious legacy from the ancient Near East is seen in some of our units of measurement. The Mesopotamians invented a mathematical system based on the number 60, and all the 60-based units in our modern world (including seconds, minutes, and degrees) have come down, unaltered, directly from Mesopotamia. Taking a chronological view, the book will include what we know, ideas about what we don't yet know (but perhaps will in the future), evidence used for discerning the history of the region, and approaches taken to the evidence by scholars of the ancient Near East. Each chapter will focus on one or two archaeological sites that have contributed extensive evidence (both textual and archaeological) to our understanding of an era and expanding from that evidence to a broader view of the era as a whole."


God by John Bowker

God
  • Title : God
  • Author : John Bowker
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198708955
  • Pages : 135
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this concise introduction to the deity, John Bowker explores how each major religion, and countless philosophers and theologians, have answered the fundamental question: Who or what is God? He also explores why some people believe in God and others do not, and concludes by looking at how our understanding of God continues to evolve in the present day. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Jesus: A Very Short Introduction by Richard Bauckham

Jesus: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Jesus: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Richard Bauckham
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199575274
  • Pages : 125
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Bauckham shows that Jesus was devoted to the God of Israel, with a special focus on God's fatherly love and compassion, and like every Jewish teacher he expounded the Torah, but did so in his own distinctive way.


Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction by Eleanor Nesbitt

Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Eleanor Nesbitt
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191578061
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Sikh religion has a following of over 20 million people worldwide and is one of the largest religions in the world. However, events such as the verbal and physical attacks on Sikhs just after September 11 indicated that Sikhs were being mistaken for Muslims, and suggests that the raising of sufficient and appropriate awareness about Sikhism still needs to be addressed. This book will introduce newcomers to the meaning of Sikhism, and its practices, rituals, and festivals. The key threads in the fascinating history of the religion will be highlighted, from the Gurus and the development of the Sikh look, to martyrdom and militarization in the 17th and 18th Centuries and the diaspora. Eleanor Nesbitt brings the subject completely up to date with an examination of gender and caste, referring to contemporary film, such as Bend It Like Beckham, and media reports. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Orthodox Christianity by A. Edward Siecienski

Orthodox Christianity
  • Title : Orthodox Christianity
  • Author : A. Edward Siecienski
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190883278
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

To many in the West, Orthodoxy remains shrouded in mystery, an exotic and foreign religion that survived in the East following the Great Schism of 1054 that split the Christian world into two camps--Catholic and Orthodox. However, as the second largest Christian denomination, Orthodox Christianity is anything but foreign to the nearly 300 million worshippers who practice it. For them, Orthodoxy is a living, breathing reality; a way of being Christian ultimately rooted in the person of Jesus and the experience of the early Church. Whether they are Greek, Russian, or American, Orthodox Christians are united by a common tradition and faith that binds them together despite differences in culture. True, the road has not always been smooth -- Orthodox history is littered with tales of schisms and divisions, of persecutions and martyrdom, from the Sack of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire and seat of the Ecumenical Patriarch, to the experience of the Russian Orthodox Church under the Soviet Union. Still, today Orthodoxy remains a vibrant part of the religious landscape, not only in those lands where it has made its historic home (Greece, Russia, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe), but also increasingly in the West. Orthodox Christianity: A Very Short Introduction explores the enduring role of this religion, and the history, beliefs, and practices that have shaped it. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Ritual by Barry Stephenson

Ritual
  • Title : Ritual
  • Author : Barry Stephenson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199943524
  • Pages : 126
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Ritual is part of what it means to be human. Like sports, music, and drama, ritual defines and enriches culture, putting those who practice it in touch with sources of value and meaning larger than themselves. Ritual is unavoidable, yet it holds a place in modern life that is decidedly ambiguous. What is ritual? What does it do? Is it useful? What are the various kinds of ritual? Is ritual tradition bound and conservative or innovative and transformational? Alongside description of a number of specific rites, this Very Short Introduction explores ritual from both theoretical and historical perspectives. Barry Stephenson focuses on the places where ritual touches everyday life: in politics and power; moments of transformation in the life cycle; as performance and embodiment. He also discusses the boundaries of ritual, and how and why certain behaviors have been studied as ritual while others have not. Stephenson shows how ritual is an important vehicle for group and identity formation; how it generates and transmits beliefs and values; how it can be used to exploit and oppress; and how it has served as a touchstone for thinking about cultural origins and historical change. Encompassing the breadth and depth of modern ritual studies, Barry Stephenson's Very Short Introduction also develops a narrative of ritual's place in social and cultural life. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction by Fergus Kerr

Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Fergus Kerr
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191609633
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Thomas Aquinas, an Italian Catholic priest in the early thirteeth century, is considered to be one of the great Christian thinkers who had, and who still has, a profound influence on Western thought. He was a controversial figure who was exposed and engaged in conflict. This Very Short Introduction looks at Aquinas in a historical context, and explores the Church and culture into which Aquinas was born. It considers Aquinas as philosopher, and looks at the relationship between philosophy and religion in the thirteenth century. Fergus Kerr, in this engaging and informative introduction, will make The Summa Theologiae, Aquinas's greatest single work, accessible to new readers. It will also reflect on the importance of Thomas Aquinas in modern debates and asks why Aquinas matters now. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Fox's Book of Martyrs, Or A History of the Lives, Sufferings, and Triumphant Deaths of the Primitive Protestant Martyrs by John Foxe

Fox's Book of Martyrs, Or A History of the Lives, Sufferings, and Triumphant Deaths of the Primitive Protestant Martyrs
  • Title : Fox's Book of Martyrs, Or A History of the Lives, Sufferings, and Triumphant Deaths of the Primitive Protestant Martyrs
  • Author : John Foxe
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 540
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


More Than a Memory by Johan Leemans,Jürgen Mettepenningen

More Than a Memory
  • Title : More Than a Memory
  • Author : Johan Leemans,Jürgen Mettepenningen
  • Publisher : Peeters Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 9789042916883
  • Pages : 471
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Throughout its history, persecutions and martyrdom have been Christianity's faithful companions. Remarkably enough, Christians have always valued martyrdom in a positive way. This positive evaluation of martyrdom most certainly has to do with the absolute, uncompromising nature of it. The martyrs' lives and deaths represent the most uncompromising of answers to the divine call. The focus of the contributions in this volume is not in the first place on reconstructing the historical events of the martyr's life and death "wie es eigentlich gewesen ist," but on the discourse generated by this event as mediated in texts. More than a Memory aims to explore the reciprocal relationship between this discourse of martyrdom and the construction of Christian identity. It will do so by presenting a number of test cases in which this dynamic can be seen at work. They will lead the reader through the entire history of Christianity, starting with the Martyrdom of Lyons and Vienne in the second century and ending in the Latin America of the 1960's. Each article will present a test case of discourse-analysis, attempting to explore the issue of how a document or coherent group of documents contributed to create a distinct Christian identity. Taken together, the essays provide an array of examples of how martyrdom impinged on the way Christian identity has been negotiated in the Christian past. In doing this, the volume at the same time illustrates the sheer importance of martyrdom and the reflection and writing about it throughout the history of Christianity until today.


Ancient Christian Martyrdom by Candida R. Moss

Ancient Christian Martyrdom
  • Title : Ancient Christian Martyrdom
  • Author : Candida R. Moss
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0300154658
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Using perspectives on death from ancient Greek, Roman and Jewish traditions, a theology professor discusses the history of Christian martyrdom and challenges the traditional understanding of the spread of Christianity.


A New Introduction to Islam by Daniel W. Brown

A New Introduction to Islam
  • Title : A New Introduction to Islam
  • Author : Daniel W. Brown
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 1444357727
  • Pages : 360
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The second edition of this student-friendly textbook explores the origins, major features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Traces the development of Muslim beliefs and practices against the background of social and cultural contexts extending from North Africa to South and Southeast Asia Fully revised for the second edition, with completely new opening and closing chapters considering key issues facing Islam in the 21st century Focuses greater attention on everyday practices, the role of women in Muslim societies, and offers additional material on Islam in America Includes detailed chronologies, tables summarizing key information, useful maps and diagrams, and many more illustrations


A Short Introduction to The Rule of Mar Rabbula by Hadrian Mâr Élijah Bar Israël

A Short Introduction to The Rule of Mar Rabbula
  • Title : A Short Introduction to The Rule of Mar Rabbula
  • Author : Hadrian Mâr Élijah Bar Israël
  • Publisher : Nazarani Foundation
  • ISBN Code : 1312348216
  • Pages : 13
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

For more than fifteen hundred years, the Rule of Mâr Rabbula has been the monastic rule followed by the monastics of Mesopotamia and throughout the Middle East, China and India and elsewhere that Christian monasticism thrived. It is a guide for the ascetic life and practice, which is both simple and yet sufficiently advanced so as to bring monasticism into the present age. It has been suggested that the Rule of Mâr Rabbula may have even been the basis for Saint Benedict's "Rule", which is the basis of most of the monastic rules, which have been written in the west.


Perpetua's Passion by Joyce E. Salisbury

Perpetua's Passion
  • Title : Perpetua's Passion
  • Author : Joyce E. Salisbury
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1136050949
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Perpetua's Passion studies the third-century martyrdom of a young woman and places it in the intellectual and social context of her age. Conflicting ideas of religion, family and gender are explored as Salisbury follows Perpetua from her youth in a wealthy Roman household to her imprisonment and death in the arena.


The Martyrs and apologists by Edmond de Pressensé

The Martyrs and apologists
  • Title : The Martyrs and apologists
  • Author : Edmond de Pressensé
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary: