Multi View Geometry Based Visual Perception And Control Of Robotic Systems

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Multi-View Geometry Based Visual Perception and Control of Robotic Systems

Multi-View Geometry Based Visual Perception and Control of Robotic Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 042995123X
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Multi-View Geometry Based Visual Perception and Control of Robotic Systems by Summary

This book describes visual perception and control methods for robotic systems that need to interact with the environment. Multiple view geometry is utilized to extract low-dimensional geometric information from abundant and high-dimensional image information, making it convenient to develop general solutions for robot perception and control tasks. In this book, multiple view geometry is used for geometric modeling and scaled pose estimation. Then Lyapunov methods are applied to design stabilizing control laws in the presence of model uncertainties and multiple constraints.

Control of Multiple Robots Using Vision Sensors

Control of Multiple Robots Using Vision Sensors Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Miguel Aranda,Gonzalo López-Nicolás,Carlos Sagüés
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319578286
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Control of Multiple Robots Using Vision Sensors by Miguel Aranda,Gonzalo López-Nicolás,Carlos Sagüés Summary

This monograph introduces novel methods for the control and navigation of mobile robots using multiple-1-d-view models obtained from omni-directional cameras. This approach overcomes field-of-view and robustness limitations, simultaneously enhancing accuracy and simplifying application on real platforms. The authors also address coordinated motion tasks for multiple robots, exploring different system architectures, particularly the use of multiple aerial cameras in driving robot formations on the ground. Again, this has benefits of simplicity, scalability and flexibility. Coverage includes details of: a method for visual robot homing based on a memory of omni-directional images; a novel vision-based pose stabilization methodology for non-holonomic ground robots based on sinusoidal-varying control inputs; an algorithm to recover a generic motion between two 1-d views and which does not require a third view; a novel multi-robot setup where multiple camera-carrying unmanned aerial vehicles are used to observe and control a formation of ground mobile robots; and three coordinate-free methods for decentralized mobile robot formation stabilization. The performance of the different methods is evaluated both in simulation and experimentally with real robotic platforms and vision sensors. Control of Multiple Robots Using Vision Sensors will serve both academic researchers studying visual control of single and multiple robots and robotics engineers seeking to design control systems based on visual sensors.

Distributed Consensus with Visual Perception in Multi-Robot Systems

Distributed Consensus with Visual Perception in Multi-Robot Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eduardo Montijano,Carlos Sagüés
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319156993
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Distributed Consensus with Visual Perception in Multi-Robot Systems by Eduardo Montijano,Carlos Sagüés Summary

This monograph introduces novel responses to the different problems that arise when multiple robots need to execute a task in cooperation, each robot in the team having a monocular camera as its primary input sensor. Its central proposition is that a consistent perception of the world is crucial for the good development of any multi-robot application. The text focuses on the high-level problem of cooperative perception by a multi-robot system: the idea that, depending on what each robot sees and its current situation, it will need to communicate these things to its fellows whenever possible to share what it has found and keep updated by them in its turn. However, in any realistic scenario, distributed solutions to this problem are not trivial and need to be addressed from as many angles as possible. Distributed Consensus with Visual Perception in Multi-Robot Systems covers a variety of related topics such as: • distributed consensus algorithms; • data association and robustness problems; • convergence speed; and • cooperative mapping. The book first puts forward algorithmic solutions to these problems and then supports them with empirical validations working with real images. It provides the reader with a deeper understanding of the problems associated to the perception of the world by a team of cooperating robots with onboard cameras. Academic researchers and graduate students working with multi-robot systems, or investigating problems of distributed control or computer vision and cooperative perception will find this book of material assistance with their studies.

Developing and Applying Biologically-Inspired Vision Systems: Interdisciplinary Concepts

Developing and Applying Biologically-Inspired Vision Systems: Interdisciplinary Concepts Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pomplun, Marc
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466625406
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Developing and Applying Biologically-Inspired Vision Systems: Interdisciplinary Concepts by Pomplun, Marc Summary

"This book provides interdisciplinary research that evaluates the performance of machine visual models and systems in comparison to biological systems, blending the ideas of current scientific knowledge and biological vision"--

Active Perception

Active Perception Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yiannis Aloimonos
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134776098
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Active Perception by Yiannis Aloimonos Summary

This book defines the emerging field of Active Perception which calls for studying perception coupled with action. It is devoted to technical problems related to the design and analysis of intelligent systems possessing perception such as the existing biological organisms and the "seeing" machines of the future. Since the appearance of the first technical results on active vision, researchers began to realize that perception -- and intelligence in general -- is not transcendental and disembodied. It is becoming clear that in the effort to build intelligent visual systems, consideration must be given to the fact that perception is intimately related to the physiology of the perceiver and the tasks that it performs. This viewpoint -- known as Purposive, Qualitative, or Animate Vision -- is the natural evolution of the principles of Active Vision. The seven chapters in this volume present various aspects of active perception, ranging from general principles and methodological matters to technical issues related to navigation, manipulation, recognition, learning, planning, reasoning, and topics related to the neurophysiology of intelligent systems.

Active Sensor Planning for Multiview Vision Tasks

Active Sensor Planning for Multiview Vision Tasks Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shengyong Chen,Y. F. Li,Jianwei Zhang,Wanliang Wang
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540770720
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Active Sensor Planning for Multiview Vision Tasks by Shengyong Chen,Y. F. Li,Jianwei Zhang,Wanliang Wang Summary

This unique book explores the important issues in studying for active visual perception. The book’s eleven chapters draw on recent important work in robot vision over ten years, particularly in the use of new concepts. Implementation examples are provided with theoretical methods for testing in a real robot system. With these optimal sensor planning strategies, this book will give the robot vision system the adaptability needed in many practical applications.

Advanced Topics on Computer Vision, Control and Robotics in Mechatronics

Advanced Topics on Computer Vision, Control and Robotics in Mechatronics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Osslan Osiris Vergara Villegas,Manuel Nandayapa,Israel Soto
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 331977770X
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Advanced Topics on Computer Vision, Control and Robotics in Mechatronics by Osslan Osiris Vergara Villegas,Manuel Nandayapa,Israel Soto Summary

The field of mechatronics (which is the synergistic combination of precision mechanical engineering, electronic control and systems thinking in the design of products and manufacturing processes) is gaining much attention in industries and academics. It was detected that the topics of computer vision, control and robotics are imperative for the successful of mechatronics systems. This book includes several chapters which report successful study cases about computer vision, control and robotics. The readers will have the latest information related to mechatronics, that contains the details of implementation, and the description of the test scenarios.

Robotic Vision: Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications

Robotic Vision: Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Garcia-Rodriguez, Jose
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466627034
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Robotic Vision: Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications by Garcia-Rodriguez, Jose Summary

Robotic systems consist of object or scene recognition, vision-based motion control, vision-based mapping, and dense range sensing, and are used for identification and navigation. As these computer vision and robotic connections continue to develop, the benefits of vision technology including savings, improved quality, reliability, safety, and productivity are revealed. Robotic Vision: Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications is a comprehensive collection which highlights a solid framework for understanding existing work and planning future research. This book includes current research on the fields of robotics, machine vision, image processing and pattern recognition that is important to applying machine vision methods in the real world.

Cable-Driven Parallel Robots

Cable-Driven Parallel Robots Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Bruckmann,Andreas Pott
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642319882
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Cable-Driven Parallel Robots by Tobias Bruckmann,Andreas Pott Summary

Gathering presentations to the First International Conference on Cable-Driven Parallel Robots, this book covers classification and definition, kinematics, workspace analysis, cable modeling, hardware/prototype development, control and calibration and more.

Climbing and Walking Robots

Climbing and Walking Robots Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Manuel Armada,Pablo González de Santos
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540294619
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Climbing and Walking Robots by Manuel Armada,Pablo González de Santos Summary

These proceedings present a full state-of-the-art picture of the popular and motivating field of climbing and walking robots, featuring recent research by leading climbing and walking robot experts in various industrial and emerging fields.

ROBOT2013: First Iberian Robotics Conference

ROBOT2013: First Iberian Robotics Conference Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Manuel A. Armada,Alberto Sanfeliu,Manuel Ferre
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319034138
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ROBOT2013: First Iberian Robotics Conference by Manuel A. Armada,Alberto Sanfeliu,Manuel Ferre Summary

This book contains the proceedings of the ROBOT 2013: FIRST IBERIAN ROBOTICS CONFERENCE and it can be said that included both state of the art and more practical presentations dealing with implementation problems, support technologies and future applications. A growing interest in Assistive Robotics, Agricultural Robotics, Field Robotics, Grasping and Dexterous Manipulation, Humanoid Robots, Intelligent Systems and Robotics, Marine Robotics, has been demonstrated by the very relevant number of contributions. Moreover, ROBOT2013 incorporates a special session on Legal and Ethical Aspects in Robotics that is becoming a topic of key relevance. This Conference was held in Madrid (28-29 November 2013), organized by the Sociedad Española para la Investigación y Desarrollo en Robótica (SEIDROB) and by the Centre for Automation and Robotics - CAR (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)), along with the co-operation of Grupo Temático de Robótica CEA-GTRob, "Sociedade Portuguesa de Robotica" (SPR), "Asociación Española de Promoción de la Investigación en Agentes Físicos" (RedAF), and partially supported by "Comunidad de Madrid under RoboCity2030 Programme".

Robot Vision

Robot Vision Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gerald Sommer,Reinhard Klette
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540781579
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Robot Vision by Gerald Sommer,Reinhard Klette Summary

In 1986, B.K.P. Horn published a book entitled Robot Vision, which actually discussed a wider ?eld of subjects, basically addressing the ?eld of computer vision, but introducing “robot vision” as a technical term. Since then, the - teraction between computer vision and research on mobile systems (often called “robots”, e.g., in an industrial context, but also including vehicles, such as cars, wheelchairs, tower cranes, and so forth) established a diverse area of research, today known as robot vision. Robot vision (or, more general, robotics) is a fast-growing discipline, already taught as a dedicated teaching program at university level. The term “robot vision” addresses any autonomous behavior of a technical system supported by visual sensoric information. While robot vision focusses on the vision process, visual robotics is more directed toward control and automatization. In practice, however, both ?elds strongly interact. Robot Vision 2008 was the second international workshop, counting a 2001 workshop with identical name as the ?rst in this series. Both workshops were organized in close cooperation between researchers from New Zealand and Germany, and took place at The University of Auckland, New Zealand. Participants of the 2008 workshop came from Europe, USA, South America, the Middle East, the Far East, Australia, and of course from New Zealand.

Biologically Inspired Robotics

Biologically Inspired Robotics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yunhui Liu,Dong Sun
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439854971
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Biologically Inspired Robotics by Yunhui Liu,Dong Sun Summary

Robotic engineering inspired by biology—biomimetics—has many potential applications: robot snakes can be used for rescue operations in disasters, snake-like endoscopes can be used in medical diagnosis, and artificial muscles can replace damaged muscles to recover the motor functions of human limbs. Conversely, the application of robotics technology to our understanding of biological systems and behaviors—biorobotic modeling and analysis—provides unique research opportunities: robotic manipulation technology with optical tweezers can be used to study the cell mechanics of human red blood cells, a surface electromyography sensing system can help us identify the relation between muscle forces and hand movements, and mathematical models of brain circuitry may help us understand how the cerebellum achieves movement control. Biologically Inspired Robotics contains cutting-edge material—considerably expanded and with additional analysis—from the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO). These 16 chapters cover both biomimetics and biorobotic modeling/analysis, taking readers through an exploration of biologically inspired robot design and control, micro/nano bio-robotic systems, biological measurement and actuation, and applications of robotics technology to biological problems. Contributors examine a wide range of topics, including: A method for controlling the motion of a robotic snake The design of a bionic fitness cycle inspired by the jaguar The use of autonomous robotic fish to detect pollution A noninvasive brain-activity scanning method using a hybrid sensor A rehabilitation system for recovering motor function in human hands after injury Human-like robotic eye and head movements in human–machine interactions A state-of-the-art resource for graduate students and researchers.

Multiple Heterogeneous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Multiple Heterogeneous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Aníbal Ollero,Iván Maza
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540739580
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Multiple Heterogeneous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles by Aníbal Ollero,Iván Maza Summary

Complete with online files and updates, this cutting-edge text looks at the next generation of unmanned flying machines. Aerial robots can be considered as an evolution of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This book provides a complete overview of all the issues related to aerial robotics, addressing problems ranging from flight control to terrain perception and mission planning and execution. The major challenges and potentials of heterogeneous UAVs are comprehensively explored.

Depth Map and 3D Imaging Applications: Algorithms and Technologies

Depth Map and 3D Imaging Applications: Algorithms and Technologies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Malik, Aamir Saeed
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 161350327X
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Depth Map and 3D Imaging Applications: Algorithms and Technologies by Malik, Aamir Saeed Summary

Over the last decade, significant progress has been made in 3D imaging research. As a result, 3D imaging methods and techniques are being employed for various applications, including 3D television, intelligent robotics, medical imaging, and stereovision. Depth Map and 3D Imaging Applications: Algorithms and Technologies present various 3D algorithms developed in the recent years and to investigate the application of 3D methods in various domains. Containing five sections, this book offers perspectives on 3D imaging algorithms, 3D shape recovery, stereoscopic vision and autostereoscopic vision, 3D vision for robotic applications, and 3D imaging applications. This book is an important resource for professionals, scientists, researchers, academics, and software engineers in image/video processing and computer vision.

Control Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications

Control Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ahmad Taher Azar
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128174641
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Control Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications by Ahmad Taher Azar Summary

Control Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications delivers essential and advanced bioengineering information on the application of control and robotics technologies in the life sciences. Judging by what we have witnessed so far, this exciting field of control systems and robotics in bioengineering is likely to produce revolutionary breakthroughs over the next decade. While this book is intended for senior undergraduate or graduate students in both control engineering and biomedical engineering programs, it will also appeal to medical researchers and practitioners who want to enhance their quantitative understanding of physiological processes. Focuses on the engineering and scientific principles underlying the extraordinary performance of biomedical robotics and bio-mechatronics Demonstrates the application of principles for designing corresponding algorithms Presents the latest innovative approaches to medical diagnostics and procedures, as well as clinical rehabilitation from the point-of-view of dynamic modeling, system analysis and control

Field and Service Robotics

Field and Service Robotics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Marco Hutter,Roland Siegwart
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319673610
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Field and Service Robotics by Marco Hutter,Roland Siegwart Summary

This book contains the proceedings of the 11th FSR (Field and Service Robotics), which is the leading single-track conference on applications of robotics in challenging environments. This conference was held in Zurich, Switzerland from 12-15 September 2017. The book contains 45 full-length, peer-reviewed papers organized into a variety of topics: Control, Computer Vision, Inspection, Machine Learning, Mapping, Navigation and Planning, and Systems and Tools. The goal of the book and the conference is to report and encourage the development and experimental evaluation of field and service robots, and to generate a vibrant exchange and discussion in the community. Field robots are non-factory robots, typically mobile, that operate in complex and dynamic environments: on the ground (Earth or other planets), under the ground, underwater, in the air or in space. Service robots are those that work closely with humans to help them with their lives. The first FSR was held in Canberra, Australia, in 1997. Since that first meeting, FSR has been held roughly every two years, cycling through Asia, Americas, and Europe.

Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems

Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ashutosh Natraj,Stephen Cameron,Chris Melhuish,Mark Witkowski
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3662436450
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Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems by Ashutosh Natraj,Stephen Cameron,Chris Melhuish,Mark Witkowski Summary

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Conference on Advances in Autonomous Robotics, TAROS 2013, held in Oxford, UK, in August 2013. The 36 revised full papers presented together with 25 extended abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from 89 submissions. The papers cover various topics such as artificial intelligence, bio-inspired and aerial robotics, computer vision, control, humanoid and robotic arm, swarm robotics, verification and ethics.

Autonome Mobile Systeme 2009

Autonome Mobile Systeme 2009 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rüdiger Dillmann,Jürgen Beyerer,Christoph Stiller,Marius Zöllner,Tobias Gindele
Editor: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642102840
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Autonome Mobile Systeme 2009 by Rüdiger Dillmann,Jürgen Beyerer,Christoph Stiller,Marius Zöllner,Tobias Gindele Summary

Der Band dokumentiert das 21. Fachgespräch Autonome Mobile Systeme (AMS 2009). Die Veranstaltung bietet Wissenschaftlern aus Forschung und Industrie ein Forum für den Gedankenaustausch und eine Basis, um Kooperationen auf diesem Forschungsgebiet zu initiieren. Die Beiträge befassen sich mit Themen wie humanoide Roboter und Flugmaschinen, Perzeption und Sensorik, Kartierung und Lokalisation, Regelung, Navigation, Lernverfahren, Systemarchitekturen sowie mit der Anwendung von autonomen mobilen Systemen.

Tethered Space Robot

Tethered Space Robot Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Panfeng Huang,Zhongjie Meng,Jian Guo,Fan Zhang
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128123109
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Tethered Space Robot by Panfeng Huang,Zhongjie Meng,Jian Guo,Fan Zhang Summary

Tethered Space Robot: Dynamics, Measurement, and Control discusses a novel tethered space robot (TSR) system that contains the space platform, flexible tether and gripper. TSR can capture and remove non-cooperative targets such as space debris. It is the first time the concept has been described in a book, which describes the system and mission design of TSR and then introduces the latest research on pose measurement, dynamics and control. The book covers the TSR system, from principle to applications, including a complete implementing scheme. A useful reference for researchers, engineers and students interested in space robots, OOS and debris removal. Provides for the first time comprehensive coverage of various aspects of tethered space robots (TSR) Presents both fundamental principles and application technologies including pose measurement, dynamics and control Describes some new control techniques, including a coordinated control method for tracking optimal trajectory, coordinated coupling control and coordinated approaching control using mobile tether attachment points

Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Electromechanics and Robotics “Zavalishin's Readings”

Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Electromechanics and Robotics “Zavalishin's Readings” Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrey Ronzhin,Vladislav Shishlakov
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811392676
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Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Electromechanics and Robotics “Zavalishin's Readings” by Andrey Ronzhin,Vladislav Shishlakov Summary

This book features selected papers presented at the 14th International Conference on Electromechanics and Robotics ‘Zavalishin’s Readings’ – ER(ZR) 2019, held in Kursk, Russia, on April 17–20, 2019. The contributions, written by professionals, researchers and students, cover topics in the field of automatic control systems, electromechanics, electric power engineering and electrical engineering, mechatronics, robotics, automation and vibration technologies. The Zavalishin's Readings conference was established as a tribute to the memory of Dmitry Aleksandrovich Zavalishin (1900–1968) – a Russian scientist, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and founder of the school of valve energy converters based on electric machines and valve converters energy. The first conference was organized by the Institute of Innovative Technologies in Electromechanics and Robotics at the Saint Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation in 2006. The 2019 conference was held with the XIII International Scientific and Technical Conference “Vibration 2019”, and was organized by Saint Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation (SUAI), Saint Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SPIIRAS) and the Southwest State University (SWSU) in with cooperation Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project No. 19-08-20021).

Visual Perception for Humanoid Robots

Visual Perception for Humanoid Robots Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Israel González Aguirre
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319978411
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Visual Perception for Humanoid Robots by David Israel González Aguirre Summary

This book provides an overview of model-based environmental visual perception for humanoid robots. The visual perception of a humanoid robot creates a bidirectional bridge connecting sensor signals with internal representations of environmental objects. The objective of such perception systems is to answer two fundamental questions: What & where is it? To answer these questions using a sensor-to-representation bridge, coordinated processes are conducted to extract and exploit cues matching robot’s mental representations to physical entities. These include sensor & actuator modeling, calibration, filtering, and feature extraction for state estimation. This book discusses the following topics in depth: • Active Sensing: Robust probabilistic methods for optimal, high dynamic range image acquisition are suitable for use with inexpensive cameras. This enables ideal sensing in arbitrary environmental conditions encountered in human-centric spaces. The book quantitatively shows the importance of equipping robots with dependable visual sensing. • Feature Extraction & Recognition: Parameter-free, edge extraction methods based on structural graphs enable the representation of geometric primitives effectively and efficiently. This is done by eccentricity segmentation providing excellent recognition even on noisy & low-resolution images. Stereoscopic vision, Euclidean metric and graph-shape descriptors are shown to be powerful mechanisms for difficult recognition tasks. • Global Self-Localization & Depth Uncertainty Learning: Simultaneous feature matching for global localization and 6D self-pose estimation are addressed by a novel geometric and probabilistic concept using intersection of Gaussian spheres. The path from intuition to the closed-form optimal solution determining the robot location is described, including a supervised learning method for uncertainty depth modeling based on extensive ground-truth training data from a motion capture system. The methods and experiments are presented in self-contained chapters with comparisons and the state of the art. The algorithms were implemented and empirically evaluated on two humanoid robots: ARMAR III-A & B. The excellent robustness, performance and derived results received an award at the IEEE conference on humanoid robots and the contributions have been utilized for numerous visual manipulation tasks with demonstration at distinguished venues such as ICRA, CeBIT, IAS, and Automatica.

Towards Affordance-Based Robot Control

Towards Affordance-Based Robot Control Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Erich Rome,Joachim Hertzberg,Georg Dorffner
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540779159
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Towards Affordance-Based Robot Control by Erich Rome,Joachim Hertzberg,Georg Dorffner Summary

Today’s mobile robot perception is insu?cient for acting goal-directedly in - constrained, dynamic everyday environments like a home, a factory, or a city. Subject to restrictions in bandwidth, computer power, and computation time, a robot has to react to a wealth of dynamically changing stimuli in such - vironments, requiring rapid, selective attention to decisive, action-relevant - formation of high current utility. Robust and general engineering methods for e?ectively and e?ciently coupling perception, action, and reasoning are unava- able. Interesting performance, if any, is currently only achieved by sophisticated robot programming exploiting domain features and specialties, which leaves - dinary users no chance of changing how the robot acts. The latter facts are high barriers for introducing, for example, service robots into human living or work environments. In order to overcome these barriers, additonal R&D e?orts are required. The European Commission is undert- ing a determined e?ort to fund related basic, inter-disciplinary research in a line of Strategic Objectives, including the Cognitive Systems calls in their 6th Framework Programme (FP6, [1]), and continuing in the 7th Framework P- gramme.OneofthefundedCognitiveSystemsprojectsisMACS(“multi-sensory autonomous cognitive systems interacting with dynamic environments for p- ceiving and using a?ordances”).

The Information Processing Theory of Organization

The Information Processing Theory of Organization Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John L. Kmetz
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429780834
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The Information Processing Theory of Organization by John L. Kmetz Summary

First published in 1998, revised in 2021, this volume develops and tests an information-processing model of organization, within the context of the accession of a new generation of a production technology. The model conceptualizes organizations as systems which accomplish their objectives through the processing of information. The book begins with the conceptual basis of the theory, developing the fundamental concepts of information, information processing, and technology. The accession of an automatic avionics tester during the 1970s and 1980s is the change in production technology used to test the theory. The theory is tested by mapping and analysing performance with a three-wave longitudinal field experiment and objective performance measures in the workflow of a very complex system, the U.S. Navy’s avionics maintenance organization. The information processing capacity of the system is shown to be the primary determinant of system performance, with or without the use of information technology. Additional support for the theory comes from newer test and information technologies deployed in the 1980s and 1990s. Implications of this theory for current generations of test technology are provided in the final chapters, along with further development of the theory and its general application to many types of organizations.

Towards Service Robots for Everyday Environments

Towards Service Robots for Everyday Environments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Erwin Prassler,Rainer Bischoff,Wolfram Burgard,Robert Haschke,Martin Hägele,Gisbert Lawitzky,Bernhard Nebel,Paul Plöger,Ulrich Reiser,Marius Zöllner
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642251161
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Towards Service Robots for Everyday Environments by Erwin Prassler,Rainer Bischoff,Wolfram Burgard,Robert Haschke,Martin Hägele,Gisbert Lawitzky,Bernhard Nebel,Paul Plöger,Ulrich Reiser,Marius Zöllner Summary

People have dreamed of machines, which would free them from unpleasant, dull, dirty and dangerous tasks and work for them as servants, for centuries if not millennia. Service robots seem to finally let these dreams come true. But where are all these robots that eventually serve us all day long, day for day? A few service robots have entered the market: domestic and professional cleaning robots, lawnmowers, milking robots, or entertainment robots. Some of these robots look more like toys or gadgets rather than real robots. But where is the rest? This is a question, which is asked not only by customers, but also by service providers, care organizations, politicians, and funding agencies. The answer is not very satisfying. Today’s service robots have their problems operating in everyday environments. This is by far more challenging than operating an industrial robot behind a fence. There is a comprehensive list of technical and scientific problems, which still need to be solved. To advance the state of the art in service robotics towards robots, which are capable of operating in an everyday environment, was the major objective of the DESIRE project (Deutsche Service Robotik Initiative – Germany Service Robotics Initiative) funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under grant no. 01IME01A. This book offers a sample of the results achieved in DESIRE.

Foundations of Computer Vision

Foundations of Computer Vision Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James F. Peters
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319524836
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Foundations of Computer Vision by James F. Peters Summary

This book introduces the fundamentals of computer vision (CV), with a focus on extracting useful information from digital images and videos. Including a wealth of methods used in detecting and classifying image objects and their shapes, it is the first book to apply a trio of tools (computational geometry, topology and algorithms) in solving CV problems, shape tracking in image object recognition and detecting the repetition of shapes in single images and video frames. Computational geometry provides a visualization of topological structures such as neighborhoods of points embedded in images, while image topology supplies us with structures useful in the analysis and classification of image regions. Algorithms provide a practical, step-by-step means of viewing image structures. The implementations of CV methods in Matlab and Mathematica, classification of chapter problems with the symbols (easily solved) and (challenging) and its extensive glossary of key words, examples and connections with the fabric of CV make the book an invaluable resource for advanced undergraduate and first year graduate students in Engineering, Computer Science or Applied Mathematics. It offers insights into the design of CV experiments, inclusion of image processing methods in CV projects, as well as the reconstruction and interpretation of recorded natural scenes.

A Guide for Machine Vision in Quality Control

A Guide for Machine Vision in Quality Control Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sheila Anand,L. Priya
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 100075409X
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A Guide for Machine Vision in Quality Control by Sheila Anand,L. Priya Summary

Machine Vision systems combine image processing with industrial automation. One of the primary areas of application of Machine Vision in the Industry is in the area of Quality Control. Machine vision provides fast, economic and reliable inspection that improves quality as well as business productivity. Building machine vision applications is a challenging task as each application is unique, with its own requirements and desired outcome. A Guide to Machine Vision in Quality Control follows a practitioner’s approach to learning machine vision. The book provides guidance on how to build machine vision systems for quality inspections. Practical applications from the Industry have been discussed to provide a good understanding of usage of machine vision for quality control. Real-world case studies have been used to explain the process of building machine vision solutions. The book offers comprehensive coverage of the essential topics, that includes: Introduction to Machine Vision Fundamentals of Digital Images Discussion of various machine vision system components Digital image processing related to quality control Overview of automation The book can be used by students and academics, as well as by industry professionals, to understand the fundamentals of machine vision. Updates to the on-going technological innovations have been provided with a discussion on emerging trends in machine vision and smart factories of the future. Sheila Anand is a PhD graduate and Professor at Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India. She has over three decades of experience in teaching, consultancy and research. She has worked in the software industry and has extensive experience in development of software applications and in systems audit of financial, manufacturing and trading organizations. She guides Ph.D. aspirants and many of her research scholars have since been awarded their doctoral degree. She has published many papers in national and international journals and is a reviewer for several journals of repute. L Priya is a PhD graduate working as Associate Professor and Head, Department of Information Technology at Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India. She has nearly two decades of teaching experience and good exposure to consultancy and research. She has delivered many invited talks, presented papers and won several paper awards in International Conferences. She has published several papers in International journals and is a reviewer for SCI indexed journals. Her areas of interest include Machine Vision, Wireless Communication and Machine Learning.

Probabilistic Robotics

Probabilistic Robotics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sebastian Thrun,Wolfram Burgard,Dieter Fox
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262303809
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Probabilistic Robotics by Sebastian Thrun,Wolfram Burgard,Dieter Fox Summary

An introduction to the techniques and algorithms of the newest field in robotics. Probabilistic robotics is a new and growing area in robotics, concerned with perception and control in the face of uncertainty. Building on the field of mathematical statistics, probabilistic robotics endows robots with a new level of robustness in real-world situations. This book introduces the reader to a wealth of techniques and algorithms in the field. All algorithms are based on a single overarching mathematical foundation. Each chapter provides example implementations in pseudo code, detailed mathematical derivations, discussions from a practitioner's perspective, and extensive lists of exercises and class projects. The book's Web site, www.probabilistic-robotics.org, has additional material. The book is relevant for anyone involved in robotic software development and scientific research. It will also be of interest to applied statisticians and engineers dealing with real-world sensor data.

Industrial Assembly

Industrial Assembly Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shimon Y. Nof,Wilbert E. Wilhelm,H. Warnecke
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461563933
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Industrial Assembly by Shimon Y. Nof,Wilbert E. Wilhelm,H. Warnecke Summary

Industrial Assembly is a rapidly changing field with significant importance in production. This book is the first of its kind to combine technology, design, methods, and planning and control models of assembly operations and systems. With the increasing importance of assembly in industry and of simultaneous engineering approaches, this timely publication provides: comprehensive coverage of technological, engineering, and management aspects of this field; multi-disciplinary approaches to rationalization of assembly operations and systems; explanation of qualitative models, information technologies, and design techniques, which have been practised effectively in industrial assembly; as well as theoretical foundations and emerging trends that shape the future of assembly.

Unmanned Aircraft Systems

Unmanned Aircraft Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ella Atkins,Anibal Ollero,Antonios Tsourdos
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118866533
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Unmanned Aircraft Systems by Ella Atkins,Anibal Ollero,Antonios Tsourdos Summary

Covering the design, development, operation and mission profiles of unmanned aircraft systems, this single, comprehensive volume forms a complete, stand-alone reference on the topic. The volume integrates with the online Wiley Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering, providing many new and updated articles for existing subscribers to that work.

Introduction to Autonomous Mobile Robots, second edition

Introduction to Autonomous Mobile Robots, second edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Roland Siegwart,Illah Reza Nourbakhsh,Davide Scaramuzza
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262295091
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Introduction to Autonomous Mobile Robots, second edition by Roland Siegwart,Illah Reza Nourbakhsh,Davide Scaramuzza Summary

The second edition of a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of mobile robotics, from algorithms to mechanisms. Mobile robots range from the Mars Pathfinder mission's teleoperated Sojourner to the cleaning robots in the Paris Metro. This text offers students and other interested readers an introduction to the fundamentals of mobile robotics, spanning the mechanical, motor, sensory, perceptual, and cognitive layers the field comprises. The text focuses on mobility itself, offering an overview of the mechanisms that allow a mobile robot to move through a real world environment to perform its tasks, including locomotion, sensing, localization, and motion planning. It synthesizes material from such fields as kinematics, control theory, signal analysis, computer vision, information theory, artificial intelligence, and probability theory. The book presents the techniques and technology that enable mobility in a series of interacting modules. Each chapter treats a different aspect of mobility, as the book moves from low-level to high-level details. It covers all aspects of mobile robotics, including software and hardware design considerations, related technologies, and algorithmic techniques. This second edition has been revised and updated throughout, with 130 pages of new material on such topics as locomotion, perception, localization, and planning and navigation. Problem sets have been added at the end of each chapter. Bringing together all aspects of mobile robotics into one volume, Introduction to Autonomous Mobile Robots can serve as a textbook or a working tool for beginning practitioners. Curriculum developed by Dr. Robert King, Colorado School of Mines, and Dr. James Conrad, University of North Carolina-Charlotte, to accompany the National Instruments LabVIEW Robotics Starter Kit, are available. Included are 13 (6 by Dr. King and 7 by Dr. Conrad) laboratory exercises for using the LabVIEW Robotics Starter Kit to teach mobile robotics concepts.

Soft Computing Methods for Practical Environment Solutions: Techniques and Studies

Soft Computing Methods for Practical Environment Solutions: Techniques and Studies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gestal Pose, Marcos,Rivero Cebri n, Daniel
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1615208941
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Soft Computing Methods for Practical Environment Solutions: Techniques and Studies by Gestal Pose, Marcos,Rivero Cebri n, Daniel Summary

"This publication presents a series of practical applications of different Soft Computing techniques to real-world problems, showing the enormous potential of these techniques in solving problems"--Provided by publisher.

Experimental Robotics

Experimental Robotics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jaydev P. Desai,Gregory Dudek,Oussama Khatib,Vijay Kumar
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319000659
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Experimental Robotics by Jaydev P. Desai,Gregory Dudek,Oussama Khatib,Vijay Kumar Summary

The International Symposium on Experimental Robotics (ISER) is a series of bi-annual meetings, which are organized, in a rotating fashion around North America, Europe and Asia/Oceania. The goal of ISER is to provide a forum for research in robotics that focuses on novelty of theoretical contributions validated by experimental results. The meetings are conceived to bring together, in a small group setting, researchers from around the world who are in the forefront of experimental robotics research. This unique reference presents the latest advances across the various fields of robotics, with ideas that are not only conceived conceptually but also explored experimentally. It collects robotics contributions on the current developments and new directions in the field of experimental robotics, which are based on the papers presented at the 13the ISER held in Québec City, Canada, at the Fairmont Le Château Frontenac, on June 18-21, 2012. This present thirteenth edition of Experimental Robotics edited by Jaydev P. Desai, Gregory Dudek, Oussama Khatib, and Vijay Kumar offers a collection of a broad range of topics in field and human-centered robotics.

Sensing and Control for Autonomous Vehicles

Sensing and Control for Autonomous Vehicles Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thor I. Fossen,Kristin Y. Pettersen,Henk Nijmeijer
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319553720
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Sensing and Control for Autonomous Vehicles by Thor I. Fossen,Kristin Y. Pettersen,Henk Nijmeijer Summary

This edited volume includes thoroughly collected on sensing and control for autonomous vehicles. Guidance, navigation and motion control systems for autonomous vehicles are increasingly important in land-based, marine and aerial operations. Autonomous underwater vehicles may be used for pipeline inspection, light intervention work, underwater survey and collection of oceanographic/biological data. Autonomous unmanned aerial systems can be used in a large number of applications such as inspection, monitoring, data collection, surveillance, etc. At present, vehicles operate with limited autonomy and a minimum of intelligence. There is a growing interest for cooperative and coordinated multi-vehicle systems, real-time re-planning, robust autonomous navigation systems and robust autonomous control of vehicles. Unmanned vehicles with high levels of autonomy may be used for safe and efficient collection of environmental data, for assimilation of climate and environmental models and to complement global satellite systems. The target audience primarily comprises research experts in the field of control theory, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Computer and Information Sciences - ISCIS 2004

Computer and Information Sciences - ISCIS 2004 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Cevdet Aykanat,Tugrul Dayar,Ibrahim Korpeoglu
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540301828
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Computer and Information Sciences - ISCIS 2004 by Cevdet Aykanat,Tugrul Dayar,Ibrahim Korpeoglu Summary

The series of ISCIS (International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences) symposia have been held each year since 1986, mostly in Turkey and occasionally abroad. It is the main computer science and engineering meeting organized by Turkish academics and was founded by Erol Gelenbe. Each year ISCIS attracts a signi?cant number of international participants from all over the world. The 19th ISCIS was organized by Bilkent University, Department of Computer Engineering, and was held in Kemer-Antalya, Turkey during 27–29 October 2004. For ISCIS 2004, a total of 335 papers went through the review process and a large number of high-quality papers competed for acceptance. This volume of the Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) series contains 100 of those papers that broadly fall into the following areas of interest: arti?cial int- ligence and machine learning, computer graphics and user interfaces, computer networksand security, computer vision and image processing,databasesystems, modeling and performance evaluation, natural languageprocessing, parallel and distributed computing, real-time control applications, software engineering and programming systems, and theory of computing.

Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems

Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yossi Loya,Kimberly A. Puglise,Tom C.L. Bridge
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319927353
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Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems by Yossi Loya,Kimberly A. Puglise,Tom C.L. Bridge Summary

This book summarizes what is known about mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) geographically and by major taxa. MCEs are characterized by light-dependent corals and associated communities typically found at depths ranging from 30-40 m. and extending to over 150 m. in tropical and subtropical ecosystems. They are populated with organisms typically associated with shallow coral reefs, such as macroalgae, corals, sponges, and fishes, as well as specialist species unique to mesophotic depths. During the past decade, there has been an increasing scientific and management interest in MCEs expressed by the exponential increase in the number of publications studying this unique environment. Despite their close proximity to well-studied shallow reefs, and the growing evidence of their importance, our scientific knowledge of MCEs is still in its early stages. The topics covered in the book include: regional variation in MCEs; similarities and differences between mesophotic and shallow reef taxa, biotic and abiotic conditions, biodiversity, ecology, geomorphology, and geology; potential connectivity between MCEs and shallow reefs; MCE disturbances, conservation, and management challenges; and new technologies, key research questions/knowledge gaps, priorities, and future directions in MCE research.

International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition

International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sameer Singh
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447108337
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International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition by Sameer Singh Summary

International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition (ICAPR 98) at Plymouth represents an important meeting for advanced research in pattern recognition. There is considerable interest in the areas of image processing, medical imaging, speech recognition, document analysis and character recognition, fuzzy data analysis and neural networks. ICAPR 98 is aimed at providing an international platform for invited research in this multi-disciplinary area. It is expected that the conference will grow in future years to include more research contributions that detail state-of the-art research in pattern recognition. ICAPR 98 attracted contributions from different countries of the highest quality. I should like to thank the programme and organising committee for doing an excellent job in organising this conference. The peer reviewed nature of the conference ensured high quality publications in these proceedings. My personal thanks to Mrs. Barbara Davies who served as conference secretary and worked tirelessly in organising the conference. I thank the organising chair for the local arrangements and our should also key-note, plenary and tutorial speakers for their valuable contributions to the conference. I also thank Springer-Verlag for publishing these proceedings that will be a valuable source of research reference for the readers. Finally, I thank all participants who made this conference successful.

Toward Category-Level Object Recognition

Toward Category-Level Object Recognition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean Ponce,Martial Hebert,Cordelia Schmid,Andrew Zisserman
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540687955
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Toward Category-Level Object Recognition by Jean Ponce,Martial Hebert,Cordelia Schmid,Andrew Zisserman Summary

This volume is a post-event proceedings volume and contains selected papers based on presentations given, and vivid discussions held, during two workshops held in Taormina in 2003 and 2004. The 30 thoroughly revised papers presented are organized in the following topical sections: recognition of specific objects, recognition of object categories, recognition of object categories with geometric relations, and joint recognition and segmentation.

Virtual Reality

Virtual Reality Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Committee on Virtual Reality Research and Development,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,National Research Council
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309587255
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Virtual Reality by Committee on Virtual Reality Research and Development,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,National Research Council Summary

Despite widespread interest in virtual reality, research and development efforts in synthetic environments (SE)--the field encompassing virtual environments, teleoperation, and hybrids--have remained fragmented. Virtual Reality is the first integrated treatment of the topic, presenting current knowledge along with thought-provoking vignettes about a future where SE is commonplace. This volume discusses all aspects of creating a system that will allow human operators to see, hear, smell, taste, move about, give commands, respond to conditions, and manipulate objects effectively in a real or virtual environment. The committee of computer scientists, engineers, and psychologists on the leading edge of SE development explores the potential applications of SE in the areas of manufacturing, medicine, education, training, scientific visualization, and teleoperation in hazardous environments. The committee also offers recommendations for development of improved SE technology, needed studies of human behavior and evaluation of SE systems, and government policy and infrastructure.

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