My Way by John Martin Fischer

My Way
  • Title : My Way
  • Author : John Martin Fischer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780195346282
  • Pages : 272
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This is a selection of essays on moral responsibility that represent the major components of John Martin Fischer's overall approach to freedom of the will and moral responsibility. The collection exhibits the overall structure of Fischer's view and shows how the various elements fit together to form a comprehensive framework for analyzing free will and moral responsibility. The topics include deliberation and practical reasoning, freedom of the will, freedom of action, various notions of control, and moral accountability. The essays seek to provide a foundation for our practices of holding each other (and ourselves) morally and legally accountable for our behavior. A crucial move is the distinction between two kinds of control. According to Fischer, "regulative control" involves freedom to choose and do otherwise ("alternative possibilities"), whereas "guidance control" does not. Fischer contends that guidance control is all the freedom we need to be morally responsible agents. Further, he contends that such control is fully compatible with causal determinism. Additionally, Fischer argues that we do not need genuine access to alternative possibilities in order for there to be a legitimate point to practical reasoning. Fischer's overall framework contains an argument for the contention that guidance control, and not regulative control, is associated with moral responsibility, a sketch of a comprehensive theory of moral responsibility (that ties together responsibility for actions, omissions, consequences, and character), and an account of the value of moral responsibility. On this account, the value of exhibiting freedom (of the relevant sort) and thus being morally responsible for one's behavior is a species of the value of artistic self-expression.


Deep Control by John Martin Fischer

Deep Control
  • Title : Deep Control
  • Author : John Martin Fischer
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199742987
  • Pages : 244
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Fischer here defends the contention that moral responsibility is associated with "deep control", which is "in-between" two untenable extreme positions: "superficial control" and "total control". He defends this "middle way" against the proponents of more--and less--robust notions of the freedom required for moral responsibility. Fischer offers a new solution to the Luck Problem, as well as providing a defense of the compatibility of causal determinism and moral responsibility.


The Metaphysics of Free Will by John Martin Fischer

The Metaphysics of Free Will
  • Title : The Metaphysics of Free Will
  • Author : John Martin Fischer
  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN Code : 9781557861559
  • Pages : 273
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this text, Fischer argues that although we naturally assume that we have control of our behaviour and are morally responsible agents, the assumption that we have this sort of control can be called into question. Arguments can be made that if, say, causal determinism obtains or God exists, we lack this sort of control. And it is not absolutely evident that causal determinism is false and God does not exist. Thus, some of the most important and fundamental features of our lives can be put in doubt.


Four Views on Free Will by John Martin Fischer,Robert Kane,Derk Pereboom,Manuel Vargas

Four Views on Free Will
  • Title : Four Views on Free Will
  • Author : John Martin Fischer,Robert Kane,Derk Pereboom,Manuel Vargas
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 1405182040
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Focusing on the concepts and interactions of free will, moralresponsibility, and determinism, this text represents the mostup-to-date account of the four major positions in the free willdebate. Four serious and well-known philosophers explore the opposingviewpoints of libertarianism, compatibilism, hard incompatibilism,and revisionism The first half of the book contains each philosopher’sexplanation of his particular view; the second half allows them todirectly respond to each other’s arguments, in a lively andengaging conversation Offers the reader a one of a kind, interactive discussion Forms part of the acclaimed Great Debates in Philosophyseries


Free Will, Moral Responsibility, and the Desire to Be a God by Bruce N Waller

Free Will, Moral Responsibility, and the Desire to Be a God
  • Title : Free Will, Moral Responsibility, and the Desire to Be a God
  • Author : Bruce N Waller
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 1793632650
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"This book examines a nonconscious and profoundly harmful desire that is almost universally denied: the desire to be a god. Afflicting believers and nonbelievers alike, the desire is manifested in religious myths and throughout the history of philosophy"--


Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility by Nick Trakakis,Daniel Cohen

Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility
  • Title : Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility
  • Author : Nick Trakakis,Daniel Cohen
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1443810762
  • Pages : 280
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The problem of free will has fascinated philosophers since ancient times: Do we have free will, or at least the kind of free will that seems necessary for moral responsibility? Does determinism – the idea that everything that happens is necessitated to happen, given the past and the laws of nature – threaten the commonly held assumption that we are indeed free and morally responsible? Although these questions have been widely discussed in the past, the present volume offers a variety of new perspectives from philosophers who have made significant contributions to this debate over recent years, including Derk Pereboom, Robert Kane, Ishtiyaque Haji, Michael McKenna, John Martin Fischer, David Widerker and Saul Smilansky. The emphasis in these essays is not merely on free will, but on allied notions such as moral responsibility, moral obligation, fairness and meaningfulness, and on whether any room can be made for these notions in a deterministic or an indeterministic universe.


The Obligation Dilemma by Ishtiyaque Haji

The Obligation Dilemma
  • Title : The Obligation Dilemma
  • Author : Ishtiyaque Haji
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190050853
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Can you be morally obligated to do something? To renowned philosopher Ishtiyaque Haji, the answer is guardedly no. Regardless of whether determinism is true, he argues, there is a prima facie plausibility that there are no moral obligations. Powerfully and efficiently, Haji develops a conclusion that has major implications for how we conceive issues in moral responsibility and free will. The book develops the obligation dilemma as clearly as possible. The next step will be for further sustained philosophical work to solve it, assuming it can be resolved, inspired by Haji. In many respects, the obligation dilemma mirrors the well-known responsibility dilemma, where no one is morally responsible for anything. When suitably amended, the strongest recommendations in favor of, or in response to, the responsibility dilemma neither fully support nor undermine the obligation dilemma. Exposing the obligation dilemma's implications for responsibility, and its ramifications for forgiveness (something central to interpersonal relationships), underscores its urgency.


Neurointerventions and the Law by Nicole A. Vincent,Thomas Nadelhoffer,Allan McCay

Neurointerventions and the Law
  • Title : Neurointerventions and the Law
  • Author : Nicole A. Vincent,Thomas Nadelhoffer,Allan McCay
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190651148
  • Pages : 464
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"The development of modern diagnostic neuroimaging techniques led to discoveries about the human brain and mind that helped give rise to the field of neurolaw. This new interdisciplinary field has led to novel directions in analytic jurisprudence and philosophy of law by providing an empirically-informed platform from which scholars have reassessed topics such as mental privacy and self-determination, responsibility and its relationship to mental disorders, and the proper aims of the criminal law. Similarly, the development of neurointervention techniques that promise to deliver new ways of altering people's minds (by intervening in their brains) creates opportunities and challenges that raise important and rich conceptual, moral, jurisprudential, and scientific questions. The specific purpose of this volume is to make a contribution to the field of neurolaw by investigating the legal issues raised by the development and use of neurointerventions (actual, proposed, and potential)"--


Opting for the Best by Douglas W. Portmore

Opting for the Best
  • Title : Opting for the Best
  • Author : Douglas W. Portmore
  • Publisher : Oxford Moral Theory
  • ISBN Code : 0190945354
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

We ought to opt for the best-that is, we ought to choose the option that is best in terms of whatever ultimately matters. So, if maximizing happiness is what ultimately matters, then we ought to perform the option that results in the most happiness. And if, instead, abiding by the Golden Rule is what ultimately matters, then we ought to perform the option that best abides by this rule. However, even if we know what ultimately matters, this is not always sufficient for determining which option we ought to perform. There are other questions that we need to consider as well. Which events are options for us? How do we rank our options-in terms of their own goodness or in terms of the goodness of the best options that entail them? How exactly does that which ultimately matters determine which options we ought to perform? In Opting for the Best, Douglas W. Portmore focuses on these three questions, which he argues can best be answered by putting aside any specific determination of what ultimately matters. He argues that tackling these three questions is crucial to solving many of the puzzles concerning what we ought to do, including those involving supererogation, indeterminate outcomes, overdetermined outcomes, predictable future misbehavior, and good acts that entail bad acts, among others. Engaging with arguments in areas as wide-ranging as action theory and deontic logic, the solutions that Portmore offers systematize our thinking about some of the most complex issues in practical philosophy.


Responsibility and Control by John Martin Fischer,Mark Ravizza

Responsibility and Control
  • Title : Responsibility and Control
  • Author : John Martin Fischer,Mark Ravizza
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521775793
  • Pages : 277
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book provides a comprehensive, systematic theory of moral responsibility. The authors explore the conditions under which individuals are morally responsible for actions, omissions, consequences, and emotions. The leading idea in the book is that moral responsibility is based on "guidance control." This control has two components: the mechanism that issues in the relevant behavior must be the agent's own mechanism, and it must be appropriately responsive to reasons. The book develops an account of both components. The authors go on to offer a sustained defense of the thesis that moral responsibility is compatible with causal determinism. This major study will interest moral philosophers, legal theorists, and those in religious studies concerned with the issue of moral responsibility.


Our Stories by John Martin Fischer

Our Stories
  • Title : Our Stories
  • Author : John Martin Fischer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0195374959
  • Pages : 184
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this collection of essays on the metaphysical issues pertaining to death, the meaning of life, and freedom of the will, John Martin Fischer argues (against the Epicureans) that death can be a bad thing for the individual who dies. He defends the claim that something can be a bad thing--a misfortune--for an individual, even if he never experiences it as bad (and even if he does not any longer exist). Fischer also defends the commonsense asymmetry in our attitudes toward death and prenatal nonexistence: we are indifferent to the time before we are born, but we regret that we do not live longer. Further, Fischer argues (against the immortality curmudgeons, such as Heidegger and Bernard Williams), that immortal life could be desirable, and shows how the defense of the (possible) badness of death and the (possible) goodness of immortality exhibit a similar structure; on Fischer's view, the badness of death and the goodness of life can be represented on spectra that display certain continuities. Building on Fischer's previous book, My Way a major aim of this volume is to show important connections between issues relating to life and death and issues relating to free will. More specifically, Fischer argues that we endow our lives with a certain distinctive kind of meaning--an irreducible narrative dimension of value--by exhibiting free will. Thus, in acting freely, we transform our lives so that our stories matter.


The Philosopher's Index by N.A

The Philosopher's Index
  • Title : The Philosopher's Index
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.


Social Theory and Practice by N.A

Social Theory and Practice
  • Title : Social Theory and Practice
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Philosophic Exchange by N.A

Philosophic Exchange
  • Title : Philosophic Exchange
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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Free Will: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide by Oxford University Press

Free Will: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide
  • Title : Free Will: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide
  • Author : Oxford University Press
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780199808816
  • Pages : 20
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.


Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion by Jonathan L. Kvanvig

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion
  • Title : Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion
  • Author : Jonathan L. Kvanvig
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN Code : 9780199542666
  • Pages : 254
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume offers a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in this longstanding area of philosophy, which has seen an explosive growth of interest over the past half century. The essays are broad-ranging, and as a whole are not specific to any particular creed.


Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association by American Philosophical Association

Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association
  • Title : Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association
  • Author : American Philosophical Association
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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The Book Review Digest by N.A

The Book Review Digest
  • Title : The Book Review Digest
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments by R. Jay Wallace

Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments
  • Title : Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments
  • Author : R. Jay Wallace
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780674766228
  • Pages : 275
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

R. Jay Wallace advances a powerful and sustained argument against the common view that accountability requires freedom of will. Instead, he maintains, the fairness of holding people responsible depends on their rational competence: the power to grasp moral reasons and to control their behavior accordingly. He shows how these forms of rational competence are compatible with determinism. At the same time, giving serious consideration to incompatibilist concerns, Wallace develops a compelling diagnosis of the common assumption that freedom is necessary for responsibility.


International journal of philosophical studies by N.A

International journal of philosophical studies
  • Title : International journal of philosophical studies
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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American Philosophical Quarterly by Nicholas Rescher

American Philosophical Quarterly
  • Title : American Philosophical Quarterly
  • Author : Nicholas Rescher
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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Perspectives on Moral Responsibility by John Martin Fischer,Mark Ravizza

Perspectives on Moral Responsibility
  • Title : Perspectives on Moral Responsibility
  • Author : John Martin Fischer,Mark Ravizza
  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1501721569
  • Pages : 376
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Explores aspects of responsibility, including moral accountability; hierarchy, rationality, and the real self; and ethical responsibility and alternative possibilities.


Bound by Shaun Nichols

Bound
  • Title : Bound
  • Author : Shaun Nichols
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199291845
  • Pages : 188
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Shaun Nichols offers a naturalistic, psychological account of the origins of the problem of free will. He argues that our belief in indeterminist choice is grounded in faulty inference and therefore unjustified, goes on to suggest that there is no single answer to whether free will exists, and promotes a pragmatic approach to prescriptive issues.


An Essay on the existence and attributes of God by Edward STEERE (Missionary Bishop of Central Africa.)

An Essay on the existence and attributes of God
  • Title : An Essay on the existence and attributes of God
  • Author : Edward STEERE (Missionary Bishop of Central Africa.)
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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An Essay on the Existence and Attributes of God by Edward Steere

An Essay on the Existence and Attributes of God
  • Title : An Essay on the Existence and Attributes of God
  • Author : Edward Steere
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Harmful Thoughts by Meir Dan-Cohen

Harmful Thoughts
  • Title : Harmful Thoughts
  • Author : Meir Dan-Cohen
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781400825059
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In these writings by one of our most creative legal philosophers, Meir Dan-Cohen explores the nature of the self and its response to legal commands and mounts a challenge to some prevailing tenets of legal theory and the neighboring moral, political, and economic thought. The result is an insider's critique of liberalism that extends contemporary liberalism's Kantian strand, combining it with postmodernist ideas about the contingent and socially constructed self to build a thoroughly original perspective on some of the most vital concerns of legal and moral theory. Dan-Cohen looks first at the ubiquity of legal coercion and considers its decisive impact on the nature of legal discourse and communication, on law's normative aspirations and claim to obedience, and on the ideal of the rule of law. He moves on to discuss basic values, stressing the preeminence of individual identity and human dignity over the more traditional liberal preoccupations with preference-based choice and experiential harm. Dan-Cohen then focuses more directly on the normative ramifications of the socially constructed self. Fundamental concepts such as responsibility and ownership are reinterpreted to take account of the constitutive role that social practices--particularly law and morality--play in the formation of the self. Throughout, Dan-Cohen draws on a uniquely productive mix of philosophical traditions and subjects, blending the methods of analytic philosophy with the concerns of Continental philosophers to reconceive the self and its relation to ethics and the law.


Causation and Responsibility by Michael S. Moore

Causation and Responsibility
  • Title : Causation and Responsibility
  • Author : Michael S. Moore
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199599513
  • Pages : 640
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The concept of causation is fundamental to ascribing moral and legal responsibility for events. Yet the precise relationship between causation and responsibility remains unclear. This book clarifies that relationship through an analysis of the best accounts of causation in metaphysics, and a critique of the confusion in legal doctrine.


International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences 2008 by K. g. Saur

International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences 2008
  • Title : International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences 2008
  • Author : K. g. Saur
  • Publisher : De Gruyter Saur
  • ISBN Code : 9783598694295
  • Pages : 2952
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.1 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.


Free Will: Determinism by John Martin Fischer

Free Will: Determinism
  • Title : Free Will: Determinism
  • Author : John Martin Fischer
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • ISBN Code : 9780415327282
  • Pages : 287
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Merit, Meaning, and Human Bondage by Nomy Arpaly

Merit, Meaning, and Human Bondage
  • Title : Merit, Meaning, and Human Bondage
  • Author : Nomy Arpaly
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781400824502
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Perhaps everything we think, feel, and do is determined, and humans--like stones or clouds--are slaves to the laws of nature. Would that be a terrible state? Philosophers who take the incompatibilist position think so, arguing that a deterministic world would be one without moral responsibility and perhaps without true love, meaningful art, and real rationality. But compatibilists and semicompatibilists argue that determinism need not worry us. As long as our actions stem, in an appropriate way, from us, or respond in some way to reasons, our actions are meaningful and can be judged on their moral (or other) merit. In this highly original work, Nomy Arpaly argues that a deterministic world does not preclude moral responsibility, rationality, and love--in short, meaningful lives--but that there would still be something lamentable about a deterministic world. A person may respond well to reasons, and her actions may faithfully reflect her true self or values, but she may still feel that she is not free. Arpaly argues that compatibilists and semicompatibilists are wrong to dismiss this feeling--for which there are no philosophical consolations--as philosophically irrelevant. On the way to this bittersweet conclusion, Arpaly sets forth surprising theories about acting for reasons, the widely accepted idea that "ought implies can," moral blame, and more.


Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities by David Widerker,Michael McKenna

Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities
  • Title : Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities
  • Author : David Widerker,Michael McKenna
  • Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN Code : 9780754656982
  • Pages : 364
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book explores an important issue within the free will debate: the relation between free will and moral responsibility. In his seminal article Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility, Harry Frankfurt launched a vigorous attack on the standard conception of that relation, questioning the claim that a person is morally responsible for what she has done only if she could have done otherwise. Since then, Frankfurt's thesis has been at the center of philosophical discussions on free will and moral responsibility.Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities, edited by David Widerker and Michael McKenna, draws together the most recent work on Frankfurt's thesis by leading theorists in the area of free will and responsibility. As the majority of the essays appear here for the first time, Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities offers the newest developments in this important debate.


Rachel Weeping and Other Essays on Abortion by James Tunstead Burtchaell

Rachel Weeping and Other Essays on Abortion
  • Title : Rachel Weeping and Other Essays on Abortion
  • Author : James Tunstead Burtchaell
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 383
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Essays on Levinas and Law by Desmond Manderson

Essays on Levinas and Law
  • Title : Essays on Levinas and Law
  • Author : Desmond Manderson
  • Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 270
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Emmanuel Levinas was one of the great writers on ethics of the 20th century. Now for the first time, this collection starts to think through exactly what challenges and problems are posed once we try to apply Levinas' ideas about ethics to law. Essays on Levinas and Law: A Mosaic injects Levinas' provocative thought right into the heart of living law, radically changing our understanding of both. It features a broad sweep of essays ranging from critical reflections on the connection between ethics and justice, to specific discussions of the effect that Levinas' ideas might have on our thinking about immigration, or international law, or political identity, or justice. For those interested in philosophy and ethics, this book insists that our legal institutions are not a dirty little secret but a crucial realm in which to test our ideas. For those interested in law, this book insists that ethics is not a dirty little secret but a crucial realm by which to assess our structures and policies. For all interested readers, Essays on Levinas and Law does not intend to fulfill a need but to awaken one.


Essays on European Literature, in Honor of Liselotte Dieckmann by Liselotte Dieckmann

Essays on European Literature, in Honor of Liselotte Dieckmann
  • Title : Essays on European Literature, in Honor of Liselotte Dieckmann
  • Author : Liselotte Dieckmann
  • Publisher : St. Louis : Washington University Press
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 254
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Moral Prejudices by Annette Baier

Moral Prejudices
  • Title : Moral Prejudices
  • Author : Annette Baier
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780674587168
  • Pages : 369
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Annette Baier delivers an appeal for our fundamental moral notions to be governed not by rules and codes but by trust: a moral prejudice. Along the way, she gives us the best feminist philosophy there is. Baier's topics range from violence to love, from cruelty to justice, and are linked by a preoccupation with vulnerability and inequality of vulnerability, with trust and distrust of equals, with cooperation and isolation. Throughout, she is concerned with the theme of women's roles. In this provocative exploration of the implications of trusting to trust rather than proscription, Baier interweaves anecdote and autobiography with readings of Hume and Kant to produce an entertaining, challenging, and highly readable book.


What We Owe to Each Other by Thomas Scanlon

What We Owe to Each Other
  • Title : What We Owe to Each Other
  • Author : Thomas Scanlon
  • Publisher : Belknap Press
  • ISBN Code : 067400423X
  • Pages : 420
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How do we judge whether an action is morally right or wrong? If an action is wrong, what reason does that give us not to do it? Why should we give such reasons priority over our other concerns and values? In this book, T. M. Scanlon offers new answers to these questions, as they apply to the central part of morality that concerns what we owe to each other. According to his contractualist view, thinking about right and wrong is thinking about what we do in terms that could be justified to others and that they could not reasonably reject. He shows how the special authority of conclusions about right and wrong arises from the value of being related to others in this way, and he shows how familiar moral ideas such as fairness and responsibility can be understood through their role in this process of mutual justification and criticism. Scanlon bases his contractualism on a broader account of reasons, value, and individual well-being that challenges standard views about these crucial notions. He argues that desires do not provide us with reasons, that states of affairs are not the primary bearers of value, and that well-being is not as important for rational decision-making as it is commonly held to be. Scanlon is a pluralist about both moral and non-moral values. He argues that, taking this plurality of values into account, contractualism allows for most of the variability in moral requirements that relativists have claimed, while still accounting for the full force of our judgments of right and wrong.


The Oxford Handbook of Free Will by Robert Kane

The Oxford Handbook of Free Will
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Free Will
  • Author : Robert Kane
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0195399692
  • Pages : 646
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A guide to current work on free will and related subjects, the focus is on writings of the past 40 years, in which there has been a resurgence of interest in traditional issues about the freedom of the will in the light of new developments in the sciences, philosophy and humanistic studies.


Essays on Canadian Writing by N.A

Essays on Canadian Writing
  • Title : Essays on Canadian Writing
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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Free Will by Sam Harris

Free Will
  • Title : Free Will
  • Author : Sam Harris
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN Code : 1451683405
  • Pages : 83
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The physiologist Benjamin Libet famously demonstrated that activity in the brain's motor regions can be detected some 300 milliseconds before a person feels that he has decided to move. Another lab recently used fMRI data to show that some "conscious" decisions can be predicted up to 10 seconds before they enter awareness (long before the preparatory motor activity detected by Libet). Clearly, findings of this kind are difficult to reconcile with the sense that one is the conscious source of one's actions. The question of free will is no mere curio of philosophy seminars. A belief in free will underwrites both the religious notion of "sin" and our enduring commitment to retributive justice. The Supreme Court has called free will a "universal and persistent" foundation for our system of law. Any scientific developments that threatened our notion of free will would seem to put the ethics of punishing people for their bad behaviour in question.In Free Will Harris debates these ideas and asks whether or not, given what brain science is telling us, we actually have free will?


Columbia Essays on Modern Writers by N.A

Columbia Essays on Modern Writers
  • Title : Columbia Essays on Modern Writers
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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