On Liberty, Utilitarianism, and Other Essays by John Stuart Mill

On Liberty, Utilitarianism, and Other Essays
  • Title : On Liberty, Utilitarianism, and Other Essays
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199670803
  • Pages : 547
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Previous edition: published as On liberty and other essays. 1991.


On Liberty and Other Essays by John Stuart Mill

On Liberty and Other Essays
  • Title : On Liberty and Other Essays
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780192833846
  • Pages : 592
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Presents the text of four essays by nineteenth-century English philosopher and economist John Stuart Mill, and includes textual and explanatory notes, chronology, and introduction.


The Subjection of Women by John Stuart Mill

The Subjection of Women
  • Title : The Subjection of Women
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 188
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Subject of Women, which Mill wrote in 1861 but did not publish until 1869, is one of the seminal texts of feminism and aroused more antagonism than anything Mill ever wrote. Conservatives predicted it would do to the English family what socialism would do to England's economy. Liberals believed that women would vote conservative. Many prominent Englishwomen, such as Charlotte Brontë, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Christina Rossetti, and George Eliot, opposed women's suffrage. Even such advanced thinkers as Sigmund Freud were hostile to the book. In The Subjection of Women Mill argues with lucidity, force and more than usual metaphorical eloquence that "the principle which regulates the existing social relations between the two sexes-the legal subordination of one sex to the other-is wrong in itself, and now one of the chief hindrances to human improvement; and that it ought to be replaced by a principle of perfect equality..." Mill does battle on two fronts, that of intrinsic justice and that of utility. He sees the subjection of women as not only inherently wrong, but intertwined with all the evils of existing society. In support of his central principle, Mill argues that there is no basis in nature for the inferior status of women. He likens the position of the Victorian wife to that of a domestic slave and discourses on the debasing nature of all master-slave relations. He provides historical evidence of what women are capable of achieving and he speculates upon the benefits that will accrue to society as well as individuals from female emancipation, most especially from equality in marriage, which Mill describes as the only remaining legal form of slavery. This new critical edition shows that Mill's classic work has lost none of its relevance. The cross-disciplinary approach of the book can be useful in literature, history, or sociology courses as well as womens studies.


Utilitarianism and Other Essays by Jeremy Bentham,John Stuart Mill

Utilitarianism and Other Essays
  • Title : Utilitarianism and Other Essays
  • Author : Jeremy Bentham,John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • ISBN Code : 0141908211
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

One of the most important nineteenth-century schools of thought, Utilitarianism propounds the view that the value or rightness of an action rests in how well it promotes the welfare of those affected by it, aiming for 'the greatest happiness of the greatest number'. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) was the movement's founder, as much a social reformer as a philosopher. His greatest interpreter, John Stuart Mill (1806-73), set out to humanize Bentham's pragmatic Utilitarianism by balancing the claims of reason and the imagination, individuality and social well-being in essays such as 'Bentham', 'Coleridge' and, above all, Utilitarianism. The works by Bentham and Mill collected in this volume show the creation and development of a system of ethics that has had an enduring influence on moral philosophy and legislative policy.


On Liberty by John Stuart Mill

On Liberty
  • Title : On Liberty
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • ISBN Code : 9781536930368
  • Pages : 102
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In his much quoted, seminal work, On Liberty, John Stuart Mill attempts to establish standards for the relationship between authority and liberty. He emphasizes the importance of individuality which he conceived as a prerequisite to the higher pleasures-the summum bonum of Utilitarianism. Published in 1859, On Liberty presents one of the most eloquent defenses of individual freedom and is perhaps the most widely-read liberal argument in support of the value of liberty.


Principles of Political Economy by John Stuart Mill

Principles of Political Economy
  • Title : Principles of Political Economy
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 670
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Happiness and Utility by Georgios Varouxakis,Mark Philp

Happiness and Utility
  • Title : Happiness and Utility
  • Author : Georgios Varouxakis,Mark Philp
  • Publisher : UCL Press
  • ISBN Code : 1787350487
  • Pages : 332
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Happiness and Utility brings together experts on utilitarianism to explore the concept of happiness within the utilitarian tradition, situating it in earlier eighteenth-century thinkers and working through some of its developments at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries. Drawing on a range of philosophical and historical approaches to the study of the central idea of utilitarianism, the chapters provide a rich set of insights into a founding component of ethics and modern political and economic thought, as well as political and economic practice. In doing so, the chapters examine the multiple dimensions of utilitarianism and the contested interpretations of this standard for judgement in morality and public policy.


The Basic Writings of John Stuart Mill by John Stuart Mill

The Basic Writings of John Stuart Mill
  • Title : The Basic Writings of John Stuart Mill
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Modern Library
  • ISBN Code : 0307769798
  • Pages : 400
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The writings of John Stuart Mill have become the cornerstone of political liberalism. Collected for the first time in this volume are Mill’s three seminal and most widely read works: On Liberty, The Subjection of Women, and Utilitarianism. A brilliant defense of individual rights versus the power of the state, On Liberty is essential reading for anyone interested in political thought and theory. As Bertrand Russell reflected, “On Liberty remains a classic . . . the present world would be better than it is, if [Mill’s] principles were more respected.” This Modern Library Paperback Classics edition includes newly commissioned endnotes and commentary by Dale E. Miller, and an index.


On Liberty by John Stuart Mill

On Liberty
  • Title : On Liberty
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Wyatt North Publishing, LLC
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 119
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was an influential British philosopher. On Liberty is one of his most famous works, in which he discusses British Imperialism.


Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill by Frederick Rosen

Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill
  • Title : Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill
  • Author : Frederick Rosen
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134599099
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book presents a new interpretation of the principle of utility in moral and political theory based on the writings of the classical utilitarians from Hume to J.S. Mill. Discussion of utility in writers such as Adam Smith, William Paley and Jeremy Bentham is included.


Utilitarianism and On Liberty by John Stuart Mill

Utilitarianism and On Liberty
  • Title : Utilitarianism and On Liberty
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 047077679X
  • Pages : 272
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Including three of his most famous and important essays, Utilitarianism, On Liberty, and Essay on Bentham, along with formative selections from Jeremy Bentham and John Austin, this volume provides a uniquely perspicuous view of Mill's ethical and political thought. Contains Mill's most famous and influential works, Utilitarianism and On Liberty as well as his important Essay on Bentham. Uses the 1871 edition of Utilitarianism, the last to be published in Mill's lifetime. Includes selections from Bentham and John Austin, the two thinkers who most influenced Mill. Introduction written by Mary Warnock, a highly respected figure in 20th-century ethics in her own right. Provides an extensive, up-to-date bibliography with the best scholarship on Mill, Bentham and Utilitarianism.


J. S. Mill: 'On Liberty' and Other Writings by John Stuart Mill

J. S. Mill: 'On Liberty' and Other Writings
  • Title : J. S. Mill: 'On Liberty' and Other Writings
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1107268354
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

On Liberty has become celebrated as the most powerful defence of the freedom of the individual, and is now widely regarded as the most important theoretical foundation for Liberalism as a political creed. The Subjection of Women is a powerful indictment of the political, social, and economic position of women. This edition, first published in 1989, brings together these two classic texts, plus Mill's posthumous Chapters on Socialism, his somewhat neglected examination of the strengths and weaknesses of various forms of socialism. The editor's substantial introduction places these three works in the context both of Mill's life and of nineteenth-century intellectual and political history. There is also a chronology of Mill's life, a bibliographical guide, and a biographical appendix of names cited in the texts.


John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control by Joseph Hamburger

John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control
  • Title : John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control
  • Author : Joseph Hamburger
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781400823246
  • Pages : 264
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

John Stuart Mill is one of the hallowed figures of the liberal tradition, revered for his defense of liberal principles and expansive personal liberty. By examining Mill's arguments in On Liberty in light of his other writings, however, Joseph Hamburger reveals a Mill very different from the "saint of rationalism" so central to liberal thought. He shows that Mill, far from being an advocate of a maximum degree of liberty, was an advocate of liberty and control--indeed a degree of control ultimately incompatible with liberal ideals. Hamburger offers this powerful challenge to conventional scholarship by presenting Mill's views on liberty in the context of his ideas about, in particular, religion and historical development. The book draws on the whole range of Mill's philosophical writings and on his correspondence with, among others, Harriet Taylor Mill, Auguste Comte, and Alexander Bain to show that Mill's underlying goal was to replace the traditional religious basis of society with a form of secular religion that would rest on moral authority, individual restraint, and social control. Hamburger argues that Mill was not self-contradictory in thus championing both control and liberty. Rather, liberty and control worked together in Mill's thought as part of a balanced, coherent program of social and moral reform that was neither liberal nor authoritarian. Based on a lifetime's study of nineteenth-century political thought, this clearly written and forcefully argued book is a major reinterpretation of Mill's ideas and intellectual legacy.


John Stuart Mill by Zbigniew Janowski,Jacob Duggan

John Stuart Mill
  • Title : John Stuart Mill
  • Author : Zbigniew Janowski,Jacob Duggan
  • Publisher : St. Augustine\'s Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781587314063
  • Pages : 725
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In addition to "On Liberty" and "On Representative Government," this new selection of Mill's writings includes, among others, a number of less known of his writings, such as: "Civilization," "perfectibility," "the Negro Question," "on education," "on Aristocracy," "On Marriage," "On Free press," "Socialism," Mill's review of Tocqueville's "Democracy in America," his letters to Tocqueville, and several other writings. If one can use a somewhat exaggerated language, mill's writings are to Liberal-Democracy what Marx and Engels' writings were to Communism. Both systems gave expression to 19th century man's longing for equality and justice, both promised to liberate him from the shackles of oppression, authority and tradition. Instead of liberating man, Communism created the most brutal system in human history, and its spectacular fall in 1989 is one of history's greatest events. Western world today shows that Liberal-Democracy is no longer a benign doctrine, which advocates free market, minimum state and individual liberties, but, like Communism, is an all-encompassing Ideology which forces an individual to abdicate his freedom and soul in favor of a communist-like collective. As many critics of real socialism could see the seeds of totalitarianism in the writings of Marx and Engels, so one can see the seeds of Liberal totalitarianism in Mill's writing. This new edition is intended to help readers to understand why democratic-liberalism came so close to its 19th century ideological rival.


Utilitarianism by J. J. C. Smart,Bernard Williams

Utilitarianism
  • Title : Utilitarianism
  • Author : J. J. C. Smart,Bernard Williams
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1107268079
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. J. C. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their consequences, and in particular their consequences for the sum total of human happiness. In Part II Bernard Williams offers a sustained and vigorous critique of utilitarian assumptions, arguments and ideals. He finds inadequate the theory of action implied by utilitarianism, and he argues that utilitarianism fails to engage at a serious level with the real problems of moral and political philosophy, and fails to make sense of notions such as integrity, or even human happiness itself. This book should be of interest to welfare economists, political scientists and decision-theorists.


The Making of Modern Liberalism by Alan Ryan

The Making of Modern Liberalism
  • Title : The Making of Modern Liberalism
  • Author : Alan Ryan
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691163685
  • Pages : 680
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Making of Modern Liberalism is a deep and wide-ranging exploration of the origins and nature of liberalism from the Enlightenment through its triumphs and setbacks in the twentieth century and beyond. The book is the fruit of the more than four decades during which Alan Ryan, one of the world's leading political thinkers, reflected on the past of the liberal tradition—and worried about its future. This is essential reading for anyone interested in political theory or the history of liberalism.


On Liberty by John Stuart Mill

On Liberty
  • Title : On Liberty
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781615890057
  • Pages : 108
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

On Liberty, captured here in all 5 of its parts, is a hallmark in the civil rights movement, political philosophy, women's rights, and sociology. It is essential reading for any scholar or lover of freedom and equality. In Mill's own Words, "The only freedom which deserves the name, is that of pursuing our own good in our own way, so long as we do not attempt to deprive others of theirs, or impede their efforts to obtain it."


Considerations on Representative Government by John Stuart Mill

Considerations on Representative Government
  • Title : Considerations on Representative Government
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : VM eBooks
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 158
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Those who have done me the honor of reading my previous writings will probably receive no strong impression of novelty from the present volume; for the principles are those to which I have been working up during the greater part of my life, and most of the practical suggestions have been anticipated by others or by myself. There is novelty, however, in the fact of bringing them together, and exhibiting them in their connection, and also, I believe, in much that is brought forward in their support. Several of the opinions at all events, if not new, are for the present as little likely to meet with general acceptance as if they were. It seems to me, however, from various indications, and from none more than the recent debates on Reform of Parliament, that both Conservatives and Liberals (if I may continue to call them what they still call themselves) have lost confidence in the political creeds which they nominally profess, while neither side appears to have made any progress in providing itself with a better. Yet such a better doctrine must be possible; not a mere compromise, by splitting the difference between the two, but something wider than either, which, in virtue of its superior comprehensiveness, might be adopted by either Liberal or Conservative without renouncing any thing which he really feels to be valuable in his own creed. When so many feel obscurely the want of such a doctrine, and so few even flatter themselves that they have attained it, any one may without presumption, offer what his own thoughts, and the best that he knows of those of others, are able to contribute towards its formation.


Auguste Comte and Positivism by John Stuart Mill

Auguste Comte and Positivism
  • Title : Auguste Comte and Positivism
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Library of Alexandria
  • ISBN Code : 1613107145
  • Pages : 200
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau,Christopher Betts

Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract
  • Title : Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract
  • Author : Jean-Jacques Rousseau,Christopher Betts
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199538964
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This is among the permanent classics of political theory. It argues concisely and effectively that the basis of any legitimate society must be the agreement of its members. Censored in its own time for its revolutionary tendencies, and still controversial in many respects, it is a main source of democratic belief.


Mill's On Liberty by C. L. Ten

Mill's On Liberty
  • Title : Mill's On Liberty
  • Author : C. L. Ten
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0521873568
  • Pages : 243
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume of essays covers the whole range of problems raised in and by Mill's On Liberty, including the concept of liberty, the toleration of diversity, freedom of expression, the value of allowing 'experiments in living', the basis of individual liberty, multiculturalism and the claims of minority cultural groups.


John Stuart Mill by Richard Reeves

John Stuart Mill
  • Title : John Stuart Mill
  • Author : Richard Reeves
  • Publisher : Atlantic Books Ltd
  • ISBN Code : 1782397132
  • Pages : 300
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A young activist and highly-educated Cambridge Union debater, Mill would become in time the highest-ranked English thinker of the nineteenth century, the author of the landmark essay On Liberty and one of the most passionate reformers and advocates of his revolutionary, opinionated age. As a journalist he fired off a weekly article on Irish land reform as the people of that nation starved, as an MP he introduced the first vote on women's suffrage, fought to preserve free-speech and opposed slavery, and, in his private life, pursued for two decades a love affair with another man's wife. To understand Mill and his contribution, Richard Reeves explores his life and work in tandem. His book is a riveting and authoritative biography of a man raised to promote happiness, whose life was spent in the pursuit of truth and liberty for all.


On Liberty and Other Essays: On Utilitarianism, Representative Government and Equality Between Genders (Hardcover) by John Stuart Mill

On Liberty and Other Essays: On Utilitarianism, Representative Government and Equality Between Genders (Hardcover)
  • Title : On Liberty and Other Essays: On Utilitarianism, Representative Government and Equality Between Genders (Hardcover)
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : Lulu.com
  • ISBN Code : 9781387949281
  • Pages : 334
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This collection of essays by John Stuart Mill includes his masterwork of political philosophy On Liberty, together with other notable and acclaimed works. A famed philosopher, essayist and economist, John Stuart Mill has since the nineteenth century been revered for his succinct insights on matters of society. He developed the philosophy of utilitarianism, which remains a subject of serious study to this day. This compilation contains four principle works by Mill: On Liberty - the classic essay by Mill, and his most known. In this treatise Mill attempts to reconcile the need for civilized control and authority with the human need for personal liberty and expression. Individuality is, according to Mill, precursor to many of the higher pleasures of existence - a just society must therefore make provisions for such to occur, while remaining sufficiently ordered.


The Theory of Moral Sentiments by Adam Smith (économiste)

The Theory of Moral Sentiments
  • Title : The Theory of Moral Sentiments
  • Author : Adam Smith (économiste)
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Reforming Ideas in Britain by Mark Philp

Reforming Ideas in Britain
  • Title : Reforming Ideas in Britain
  • Author : Mark Philp
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1107027284
  • Pages : 480
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Between 1789 and 1815, Britain faced a surge of challenges brought about by the French Revolution. Growing tensions with France, then the outbreak of war, exacerbated domestic political controversy, giving rise to new forms of political protest, to which the government responded with ever-increasing severity. Reforming Ideas in Britain brings together a series of essays to provide a vibrant historiography of Britain's political thought and movements during the 1790s and beyond. Challenging traditional perceptions of the period, Philp prompts us to reconsider the weight of various ideas, interpretations and explanations of British politics and language; showing us instead that this dynamic world of popular politics was at once more chaotic, innovative and open-minded than historians have typically perceived it to be. This is an essential interdisciplinary text for scholars of history, political theory and romanticism that offers a fresh perspective on radicalism, loyalism and republicanism in Britain during the French Revolution.


Selected Writings by Jeremy Bentham

Selected Writings
  • Title : Selected Writings
  • Author : Jeremy Bentham
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 548
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"This stimulating reader invites a fresh look at Bentham. Drawing on recent scholarship, it presents newly edited texts and unexpected perspectives on familiar works about sex, law, publicity, colonies, place and time, and much else besides."---William Twining, University College London --Book Jacket.


Basic Political Writings by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Basic Political Writings
  • Title : Basic Political Writings
  • Author : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated
  • ISBN Code : 9781603846745
  • Pages : 273
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This substantially revised new edition of Rousseau: The Basic Political Writings features a brilliant new Introduction by David Wootton, a revision by Donald A. Cress of his own 1987 translation of Rousseau's most important political writings, and the addition of Cress' new translation of Rousseau's State of ?War. New footnotes, headnotes, and a chronology by David Wootton provide expert guidance to first-time readers of the texts.


Arguments for Liberty by Aaron Ross Powell,Grant Babcock

Arguments for Liberty
  • Title : Arguments for Liberty
  • Author : Aaron Ross Powell,Grant Babcock
  • Publisher : Cato Institute
  • ISBN Code : 194442413X
  • Pages : 374
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Two schools of thought have long dominated libertarian discussions about ethics: utilitarianism and natural rights. Those two theories are important, but they’re not the only ways people think about ethics and political philosophy. In Arguments for Liberty, you’ll find a broader approach to libertarianism. In each of Arguments for Liberty’s nine chapters a different political philosopher discusses how his or her preferred school of thought judges political institutions and why libertarianism best meets that standard. Though they end up in the same place, the paths they take diverge in fascinating ways. Readers will find in these pages not only an excellent introduction to libertarianism, but also a primer on some of the most important political and ethical theories. Assuming little or no training in academic philosophy, the essays guide readers through a continuous moral conversation spanning centuries and continents, from Aristotle in ancient Athens to twentieth-century philosopher John Rawls in the halls of Harvard. What’s the best political system? What standards should we use to decide, and why? Arguments for Liberty is a guide to thinking about these questions. It’s also a powerful, nine-fold argument for the goodness and importance of human liberty.


Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism by Roger Crisp

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism
  • Title : Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism
  • Author : Roger Crisp
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134837232
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Mill was one of the most important British philosophers of the nineteenth century; his Utilitarianism is a pivotal work in ethical thought. This book, written specifically for students coming to Mill - and perhaps philosophy - for the first time, will be an ideal guide. Mill on Utilitarianism introduces and assesses: * Mill's life and the background of Utilitarianism * the ideas and text of Utilitarianism * the continuing importance of Mill's work to philosophy This is the first book dedicated to Utilitarianism itself. Concisely written and engaging, it is perfect reading for those studying Mill or moral philosophy.


Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction by David Miller

Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : David Miller
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191577863
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book introduces readers to the concepts of political philosophy. It starts by explaining why the subject is important and how it tackles basic ethical questions such as 'how should we live together in society?' It looks at political authority, the reasons why we need politics at all, the limitations of politics, and whether there are areas of life that shouldn't be governed by politics. It explores the connections between political authority and justice, a constant theme in political philosophy, and the ways in which social justice can be used to regulate rather than destroy a market economy. David Miller discusses why nations are the natural units of government and whether the rise of multiculturalism and transnational co-operation will change this: will we ever see the formation of a world government? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy by Robert E. Goodin,Robert Edward Goodin

Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy
  • Title : Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy
  • Author : Robert E. Goodin,Robert Edward Goodin
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521468060
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Goodin defends utilitarianism and shows how it can serve as an excellent guide to public policy makers.


Understanding John Stuart Mill by Laurence Houlgate

Understanding John Stuart Mill
  • Title : Understanding John Stuart Mill
  • Author : Laurence Houlgate
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781983246029
  • Pages : 215
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Understanding John Stuart Mill, like the previous two books in the philosophical classics series, is a guide for beginning philosophy and political science students. Previous guides have been to Plato's Socratic Dialogues and the Republic, and to John Locke's Second Treatise of Government. These are guides for smart students who are reading the classic philosophical works for the first time. I use the words "smart students" not to designate high IQ, but to refer to students who want to not only understand Mill's central ideas, but also to learn how to think critically about issues in ethics and political philosophy. John Stuart Mill is generally regarded as a genius and this is displayed in his nineteenth century prose. But my 50+ years of experience teaching Mill and other great philosophers made me aware early in my career that beginning students need a guide to help them through these two classic books. In these guides I break down the book into short sections and explain, in clear twenty-first century English, the progress of Mill's argument. This approach has worked in my classrooms and I am certain it will work for you and all those who want to understand John Stuart Mill.


The Subject of Liberty by Nancy J. Hirschmann

The Subject of Liberty
  • Title : The Subject of Liberty
  • Author : Nancy J. Hirschmann
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781400825363
  • Pages : 312
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book reconsiders the dominant Western understandings of freedom through the lens of women's real-life experiences of domestic violence, welfare, and Islamic veiling. Nancy Hirschmann argues that the typical approach to freedom found in political philosophy severely reduces the concept's complexity, which is more fully revealed by taking such practical issues into account. Hirschmann begins by arguing that the dominant Western understanding of freedom does not provide a conceptual vocabulary for accurately characterizing women's experiences. Often, free choice is assumed when women are in fact coerced--as when a battered woman who stays with her abuser out of fear or economic necessity is said to make this choice because it must not be so bad--and coercion is assumed when free choices are made--such as when Westerners assume that all veiled women are oppressed, even though many Islamic women view veiling as an important symbol of cultural identity. Understanding the contexts in which choices arise and are made is central to understanding that freedom is socially constructed through systems of power such as patriarchy, capitalism, and race privilege. Social norms, practices, and language set the conditions within which choices are made, determine what options are available, and shape our individual subjectivity, desires, and self-understandings. Attending to the ways in which contexts construct us as "subjects" of liberty, Hirschmann argues, provides a firmer empirical and theoretical footing for understanding what freedom means and entails politically, intellectually, and socially.


Rights, Welfare, and Mill's Moral Theory by David Lyons

Rights, Welfare, and Mill's Moral Theory
  • Title : Rights, Welfare, and Mill's Moral Theory
  • Author : David Lyons
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780195359633
  • Pages : 208
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume collects David Lyons' well-known essays on Mill's moral theory and includes an introduction which relates the essays to prior and subsequent philosophical developments. Like the author's Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism (Oxford, 1965), the essays apply analytical methods to issues in normative ethics. The first essay defends a refined version of the beneficiary theory of rights against H.L.A. Hart's important criticisms. The central set of essays develops new interpretations of Mill's moral theory with the aim of determining how far rights can be incorporated in a utilitarian framework. They Mill's analysis of moral concepts promises to accommodate the argumentative force of rights, and also provide a significant new reading of Mill's theory of liberty. The last essay argues that the promise of Mill's theory of justice cannot be fulfilled. Utilitarianism is unable to account for crucial features of moral rights, or even for the moral force of legal rights whose existence might be justified on utilitarian grounds.


Utilitarianism: a Very Short Introduction by Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek,Peter Singer

Utilitarianism: a Very Short Introduction
  • Title : Utilitarianism: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek,Peter Singer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198728794
  • Pages : 144
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this Very Short Introduction Peter Singer and Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek provide an authoritative account of the nature of utilitarianism, from its nineteenth-century origins, to its justification and its varieties. Considering how utilitarians can respond to objections that are often regarded as devastating, they explore the utilitarian answer to the question of whether torture can ever be justified. They also discuss what it is that utilitarians should seek to maximize, paying special attention to the classical utilitarian view that only pleasure or happiness is of intrinsic value. Singer and de Lazari-Radek conclude by analysing the continuing importance of utilitarianism in the world, indicating how it is a force for new thinking on contemporary moral challenges like global poverty, the treatment of animals, climate change, reducing the risk of human extinction, end-of-life decisions for terminally-ill patients, and the shift towards assessing the success of government policies in terms of their impact on happiness.


Justice by Michael Sandel

Justice
  • Title : Justice
  • Author : Michael Sandel
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • ISBN Code : 0141041331
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Michael Sandel's Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do? invites readers of all ages and political persuasions on a journey of moral reflection, and shows how reasoned debate can illuminate our lives. Is it always wrong to lie? Should there be limits to personal freedom? Can killing sometimes be justified? Is the free market fair? What is the right thing to do? Questions like these are at the heart of our lives. In this acclaimed book Michael Sandel - BBC Reith Lecturer and the Harvard professor whose 'Justice' course has become world famous - gives us a lively and accessible introduction to the intersection of politics and philosophy. He helps us think our way through such hotly contested issues as equal rights, democracy, euthanasia, abortion and same-sex marriage, as well as the ethical dilemmas we face every day. 'One of the most popular teachers in the world' Observer 'Enormously refreshing ... Michael Sandel transforms moral philosophy by putting it at the heart of civic debate' New Statesman 'One of the world's most interesting political philosophers' Guardian 'Spellbinding' The Nation Michael Sandel is the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of Government at the University of Harvard. Sandel's legendary 'Justice' course is one of the most popular and influential at Harvard. Sandel is the author of many books and has previously written for the Atlantic Monthly, the New Republic and the New York Times. He was the 2009 BBC Reith Lecturer.


How to Spot a Fascist by Umberto Eco

How to Spot a Fascist
  • Title : How to Spot a Fascist
  • Author : Umberto Eco
  • Publisher : Harvill Secker
  • ISBN Code : 9781787302662
  • Pages : 64
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

We are here to remember what happened and to declare solemnly that 'they' must never do it again. But who are 'they'? HOW TO SPOT A FASCIST is a selection of three thought-provoking essays on freedom and fascism, censorship and tolerance - including Eco's iconic essay 'Ur-Fascism', which lists the fourteen essential characteristics of fascism, and draws on his own personal experiences growing up in the shadow of Mussolini. Umberto Eco remains one of the greatest writers and cultural commentators of the last century. In these pertinent pieces, he warns against prejudice and abuses of power and proves a wise and insightful guide for our times. If we strive to learn from our collective history and come together in challenging times, we can hope for a peaceful and tolerant future. Freedom and liberation are never-ending tasks. Let this be our motto: 'Do not forget.'


Age of Enlightenment by Hourly History

Age of Enlightenment
  • Title : Age of Enlightenment
  • Author : Hourly History
  • Publisher : Hourly History
  • ISBN Code : 1540742814
  • Pages : 50
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

From its beginnings as a loosely definable group of philosophical ideas to the culmination of its revolutionary effect on public life in Europe, the Age of Enlightenment is the defining intellectual and cultural movement of the modern world. Using reason as its core value, the Enlightenment believed that progress and the betterment of the human condition was inevitable. Inside you will read about… ✓ The Great Thinkers of the Enlightenment ✓ Engaging With Religion ✓ Morality in the Age of Enlightenment ✓ Society in the Age of Enlightenment ✓ Science and Political Economy ✓ The Enlightenment and the Public ✓ Print Culture and the Press Philosophies of the Enlightenment gave birth to the disciplines of political science, economic theory, sociology and anthropology, the disciplines that still form the basis of how we understand life in the 21st century. A bold attack on the Church, the State and the Monarchy, the Age of Enlightenment was a direct challenge to the status quo that sought freedom for all.


Representative Government by John Stuart Mill

Representative Government
  • Title : Representative Government
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN Code : 3640235150
  • Pages : 284
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Classic from the year 2008 in the subject Philosophy - Philosophy of the 19th Century, - entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Those who have done me the honour of reading my previous writings will probably receive no strong impression of novelty from the present volume; for the principles are those to which I have been working up during the greater part of my life, and most of the practical suggestions have been anticipated by others or by myself. There is novelty, however, in the fact of bringing them together, and exhibiting them in their connection; and also, I believe, in much that is brought forward in their support. Several of the opinions at all events, if not new, are for the present as little likely to meet with general acceptance as if they were. It seems to me, however, from various indications, and from none more than the recent debates on Reform of Parliament, that both Conservatives and Liberals (if I may continue to call them what they still call themselves) have lost confidence in the political creeds which they nominally profess, while neither side appears to have made any progress in providing itself with a better. Yet such a better doctrine must be possible; not a mere compromise, by splitting the difference between the two, but something wider than either, which, in virtue of its superior comprehensiveness, might be adopted by either Liberal or Conservative without renouncing anything which he really feels to be valuable in his own creed. When so many feel obscurely the want of such a doctrine, and so few even flatter themselves that they have attained it, any one may without presumption offer what his own thoughts, and the best that he knows of those of others, are able to contribute towards its formation.


Freedom by Nigel Warburton

Freedom
  • Title : Freedom
  • Author : Nigel Warburton
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780415212465
  • Pages : 252
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This work is an introductory textbook to the arguments about individual freedom. The text introduces and assesses the key arguements for and against individual freedom and toleration, and views the concepts of negative and positive freedom.