Pdf Cross Roads

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Islam at the Cross Roads

Islam at the Cross Roads Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000639479
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Islam at the Cross Roads by Summary

This title, first published in 1923, examines the historical development of the Islamic faith from its origins through to its position in the early twentieth century. It also examines the historical reactions of Islam to the West, including the Babist Movement in the nineteenth century. This title will be of interest to students of history and M

The Crossroads of Should and Must

The Crossroads of Should and Must Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Elle Luna
Editor: Workman Publishing Company
ISBN: 0761184201
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The Crossroads of Should and Must by Elle Luna Summary

Who hasn’t asked the question “How can I find and follow my true calling?” Elle Luna frames this moment as “standing at the crossroads of Should and Must.” “Should” is what we feel we ought to be doing, or what is expected of us. “Must” is the thing we dream of doing, our heart’s desire. And it was her own personal journey that inspired Elle Luna to write a brief online manifesto that, in a few short months, has touched hundreds of thousands of people who’ve read it or heard Elle speak on the topic. Now Ms. Luna expands her ideas into an inspirational, highly visual gift book for every recent graduate, every artist, every seeker, every career changer. The Crossroads of Should and Must has a universal message—we get to choose the path between Should and Must. And it gives every reader permission to embrace this message. It’s about the difference between jobs, careers, and callings. The difference between going to work and becoming one with your work. Why knowing what you want is often the hardest part. It gives eye-opening techniques for reconnecting with one’s inner voice, like writing your own obituary (talk about putting life in perspective). It talks about the most common fears of choosing Must over Should—money, time, space, and the ultimate fear: total vulnerability—and shores up our hesitation with inspiring stories of and quotes from the artists and writers and thinkers who’ve faced their own crossroads of Should and Must and taken the leap. It explains the importance of mistakes, of “unlearning,” of solitude, of keeping moving, of following a soul path. Presented in four chapters—The Crossroads, The Origin of Should, Must, and The Return—inspired by the hero’s journey outlined by Joseph Campbell, The Crossroads of Should and Must guides us from the small moment, discovering our Must, to the big moment—actually doing something about it, and returning to share our new gifts with the world.

Living at the Crossroads

Living at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael W. Goheen,Craig G. Bartholomew
Editor: Baker Academic
ISBN: 9781441201997
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Living at the Crossroads by Michael W. Goheen,Craig G. Bartholomew Summary

How can Christians live faithfully at the crossroads of the story of Scripture and postmodern culture? In Living at the Crossroads, authors Michael Goheen and Craig Bartholomew explore this question as they provide a general introduction to Christian worldview. Ideal for both students and lay readers, Living at the Crossroads lays out a brief summary of the biblical story and the most fundamental beliefs of Scripture. The book tells the story of Western culture from the classical period to postmodernity. The authors then provide an analysis of how Christians live in the tension that exists at the intersection of the biblical and cultural stories, exploring the important implications in key areas of life, such as education, scholarship, economics, politics, and church.

Three Black Generations at the Crossroads

Three Black Generations at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lois Benjamin
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461715423
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Three Black Generations at the Crossroads by Lois Benjamin Summary

Three Generations at the Crossroads weaves a collective tapestry, linking personal biographies of individuals in different generations to the larger social forces acting on them. This second edition contains new chapters on politicians and artists, two groups that are symbolic of the new occupations that have emerged since the post-civil rights era. Benjamin also addresses the necessity for resiliency and survival within the black community to endure continuing transformations as we move into the 21st century.

Empire's Crossroads

Empire's Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Carrie Gibson
Editor: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 0230766188
FileSize: 436kb
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Empire's Crossroads by Carrie Gibson Summary

In Empire's Crossroads, Carrie Gibson offers readers a vivid, authoritative and action-packed history of the Caribbean. For Gibson, everything was created in the West Indies: the Europe of today, its financial foundations built with sugar money: the factories and mills built as a result of the work of slaves thousands of miles away; the idea of true equality as espoused in Saint Domingue in the 1790s; the slow progress to independence; and even globalization and migration, with the ships passing to and fro taking people and goods in all possible directions, hundreds of years before the term 'globalization' was coined. From Cuba to Haiti, from Dominica to Martinique, from Jamaica to Trinidad, the story of the Caribbean is not simply the story of slaves and masters - but of fortune-seekers and pirates, scientists and servants, travellers and tourists. It is not only a story of imperial expansion - European and American - but of global connections, and also of life as it is lived in the islands, both in the past and today.

The Crossroads

The Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alexandra Diaz
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1534414576
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The Crossroads by Alexandra Diaz Summary

Winner of the International Latino Book Award “An incredibly heartfelt depiction of immigrants and refugees in a land full of uncertainty.” —Kirkus Reviews “Insightful, realistic picture...especially important reading for today’s children.” —Booklist “Fans of The Only Road will appreciate...while teachers and librarians may find the text useful to counter unsubstantiated myths about Central Americans fleeing to the US.” —School Library Journal Jaime and Ángela discover what it means to be living as undocumented immigrants in the United States in this timely sequel to the Pura Belpré Honor Book The Only Road. After crossing Mexico into the United States, Jaime Rivera thinks the worst is over. Starting a new school can’t be that bad. Except it is, and not just because he can barely speak English. While his cousin Ángela fits in quickly, with new friends and after-school activities, Jaime struggles with even the idea of calling this strange place “home.” His real home is with his parents, abuela, and the rest of the family; not here where cacti and cattle outnumber people, where he can no longer be himself—a boy from Guatemala. When bad news arrives from his parents back home, feelings of helplessness and guilt gnaw at Jaime. Gang violence in Guatemala means he can’t return home, but he’s not sure if he wants to stay either. The US is not the great place everyone said it would be, especially if you’re sin papeles—undocumented—like Jaime. When things look bleak, hope arrives from unexpected places: a quiet boy on the bus, a music teacher, an old ranch hand. With his sketchbook always close by, Jaime uses his drawings to show what it means to be a true citizen. Powerful and moving, this touching sequel to The Only Road explores overcoming homesickness, finding ways to connect despite a language barrier, and discovering what it means to start over in a new place that alternates between being wonderful and completely unwelcoming.

The Greatest Lie on Earth (Expanded Edition)

The Greatest Lie on Earth (Expanded Edition) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edward Hendrie
Editor: Great Mountain Publishing
ISBN: 194305603X
FileSize: 346kb
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The Greatest Lie on Earth (Expanded Edition) by Edward Hendrie Summary

This book reveals the mother of all conspiracies. It sets forth biblical proof and irrefutable evidence that will cause the scales to fall from your eyes and reveal that the world you thought existed is a myth. The most universally accepted scientific belief today is that the earth is a globe, spinning on its axis at a speed of approximately 1,000 miles per hour at the equator, while at the same time it is orbiting the sun at approximately 66,600 miles per hour. All of this is happening as the sun, in turn, is supposed to be hurtling through the Milky Way galaxy at approximately 500,000 miles per hour. The Milky Way galaxy, itself, is alleged to be racing through space at a speed ranging from 300,000 to 1,340,000 miles per hour. What most people are not told is that the purported spinning, orbiting, and speeding through space has never been proven. In fact, every scientific experiment that has ever been performed to determine the motion of the earth has proven that the earth is stationary. Yet, textbooks ignore the scientific proof that contradicts the myth of a spinning and orbiting globe. Christian schools have been hoodwinked into teaching heliocentrism, despite the clear teaching in the bible that the earth is not a sphere and does not move. This book reveals the evil forces behind the heliocentric deception, and why scientists and the Christian churches have gone along with it.

Higher Education at the Crossroads of Disruption

Higher Education at the Crossroads of Disruption Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andreas Kaplan
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1800715013
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Higher Education at the Crossroads of Disruption by Andreas Kaplan Summary

Higher Education at the Crossroads of Disruption: The University of the 21st Century looks at the various areas of higher education that will likely undergo radical changes. This books examines how teaching formats will vary, and how curricula and course content will evolve.

The Crossroads

The Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Niccolò Ammaniti
Editor: Canongate Books
ISBN: 1847674526
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The Crossroads by Niccolò Ammaniti Summary

Cristiano is thirteen. Home life is far from perfect. When his father and two friends come up with a plan to rob a bank, Cristiano sees the chance of a better life. As a tremendous storm brews that night, Cristiano will have to put childhood behind him once and for all, and the perfect crime will have shocking consequences.

Crossroads (2nd Edn)

Crossroads (2nd Edn) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jim Baker
Editor: Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd
ISBN: 9814435481
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Crossroads (2nd Edn) by Jim Baker Summary

In this fully updated, second edition of Crossroads, Jim Baker adds two new chapters that bring Malaysia and Singapore into the middle of the first decade of the 21st century. The original text (which traces the complex currents of history and politics of Malaysia and Singapore—neighbours with a common past) is also revised to re-evaluate events in the context of an expanded history. “Jim Baker’s Crossroads is bound to raise more than a few eyebrows in more than a few quarters. His book presents a side of history not many may be aware of or even want to know … it is as thought-provoking as it is enlightening.” — The Sun (on the first edition). “Baker’s thrilling book profits from his refusal to separate Singapore’s history from Malaysia’s. What we get is a broad story filled with surprising details drawn from his own experiences and from other scholarly works, and told in an easy and captivating style.” — Dr Ooi Kee Beng, Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore

Countries at the Crossroads 2011

Countries at the Crossroads 2011 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Freedom House
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442212624
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Countries at the Crossroads 2011 by Freedom House Summary

Countries at the Crossroads: An Analysis of Democratic Governance evaluates government performance in seventy strategically important countries from across the globe, including emerging market countries and at-risk states. The in-depth comparative analyses and quantitative ratings_examining Accountability and Public Voice, Civil Liberties, Rule of Law, and Anticorruption and Transparency_serve as a valuable tool for public analysts, educators and students, government officials, and the business community.

Climate Governance at the Crossroads

Climate Governance at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Matthew J Hoffmann
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199838332
FileSize: 684kb
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Climate Governance at the Crossroads by Matthew J Hoffmann Summary

The global response to climate change has reached a critical juncture. Since the 1992 signing of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the nations of the world have attempted to address climate change through large-scale multilateral treaty-making. These efforts have been heroic, but disappointing. As evidence for the quickening pace of climate change mounts, the treaty-making process has sputtered, and many are now skeptical about the prospect of an effective global response. Yet global treaty-making is not the only way that climate change can be addressed or, indeed, is being addressed. In the last decade myriad initiatives have emerged across the globe independently from, or only loosely connected to, the "official" UN-sponsored negotiations and treaties. In the face of stalemate in the formal negotiations, the world is experimenting with alternate means of responding to climate change. Climate Governance at the Crossroads chronicles these innovations--how cities, provinces and states, citizen groups, and corporations around the globe are addressing the causes and symptoms of global warming. The center of gravity in the global response to climate change is shifting from the multilateral treaty-making process to the diverse activities found beyond the negotiating halls. These innovations are pushing the envelope of climate action and demonstrating what is possible, and they provide hope that the world will respond effectively to the climate crisis. In introducing climate governance "experiments" and examining the development and functioning of this new world of climate policy-making, this book provides an exciting new perspective on the politics of climate change and the means to understand and influence how the global response to climate change will unfold in the coming years.

At a Crossroads

At a Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sergey Kulik,Nikita Maslennikov,Igor Yurgens
Editor: McGill-Queen\'s Press - MQUP
ISBN: 1928096786
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At a Crossroads by Sergey Kulik,Nikita Maslennikov,Igor Yurgens Summary

Globalization proceeds apace, taking on new forms that impact global economic, financial and social processes. Interdependence is not simply strengthening the range of possibilities for national economies to participate in, and advantage of, these developments, but expanding the opportunities that are available to them. The question is how do states take advantage of these global developments. Russia is no exception. Although it actively participates in the globalization process, it is, however, confronting greater economic, technological, structural and institutional problems than other countries. At the same time, there is dwindling hope for favourable conditions to continue in global energy markets, which are crucial to the Russian economy. These problems exist alongside the risk that the widening gap between Russia and other economies in terms of economic performance and technological development and growth will continue. Russia now stands at the crossroads of either overcoming or exacerbating these current challenges. This choice dictates the current realities of pax economica. Moscow must, in the very near future, make meaningful, if not fundamental, decisions aimed at further opening its economy, improving its institutions, and strengthening its international ties. This task is made more difficult by Russia's weakening competitiveness and by its ambiguous position on the international division of labour. The old model of Russian development has been exhausted and a new one must be chosen. Russia's choice at this juncture will determine the future of its economic development for many years to come.

Law and Economics: Market, Non-market and Network Transactions

Law and Economics: Market, Non-market and Network Transactions Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Panta Murali Prasad,Ranita Nagar
Editor: Vernon Press
ISBN: 1622735633
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Law and Economics: Market, Non-market and Network Transactions by Panta Murali Prasad,Ranita Nagar Summary

It is well known that sustainable development practices, technological innovation and good governance play a major role in the accumulation of wealth in a knowledge economy. Hence, the state promotes competition, provides incentives to conserve resources and creates opportunities for citizens to push for innovation and invention. As a result, the formulation of efficient legal rules is essential for protecting intellectual property rights, fully specified contracts and effective ex-ante and ex-post systems. However, can efficient legal rules improve societal well-being by changing the behaviour of individuals and basic social structures and trends? And if so, how can these legal rules be formulated? In their Second International Conference on Law and Economics, the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur aimed to address the formulation and implementation of efficient legal rules while at the same time working towards a greater dissemination of law and economics-based research. This book is the final outcome of this conference that saw over thirty presentations take place. The twelve carefully selected contributions to this volume cover a broad range of topics within law and economics from engaging with decisions makers to create a process for the routine collection of empirical evidence to perceived gender discrimination and stress among working professionals. This book is not only an important contribution to law and economics scholarship but will also be of great interest to both universities and research institutions working within the field.

Japan at the Crossroads

Japan at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nick Kapur
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674988485
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Japan at the Crossroads by Nick Kapur Summary

In 1960, when Japan revised the postwar treaty that allows a U.S. military presence in Japan, the popular backlash changed the evolution of Japan’s politics and culture, and its global role. Nick Kapur’s analysis helps resolve Japan’s essential paradox as being innovative yet regressive, flexible yet resistant, imaginative yet wedded to tradition.

International Education at the Crossroads

International Education at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Deborah N. Cohn,Hilary E. Kahn
Editor: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253053935
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International Education at the Crossroads by Deborah N. Cohn,Hilary E. Kahn Summary

International Education at the Crossroads captures the essence and complexity of international education in an interconnected and globalized world. Written by leading scholars, international educators, and policy makers, the 26 essays in this volume take stock of the unpredictable landscape of international education and demonstrate why international higher education is more essential now than ever before. Responding to a timely global moment where education and international engagement are being redefined and practiced in new ways, the authors call for a reconsideration of paradigms and critical reflection of the entire field of international education. At the same time, the authors show how international education is an imperative for the future of learning and the world, and also, crucially, that this work cannot be done in a silo. International Education at the Crossroads offers readers a chance to join in the conversation that is as global as it is meaningful in communities, the lives of learners, and institutions around the world. International education requires that everyone the world over work together to produce new knowledge, to navigate the "crossroads," and to collectively chart the directions in which the field will move into the future.

School Choice at the Crossroads

School Choice at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark Berends,R. Joseph Waddington,John Schoenig
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 135121330X
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School Choice at the Crossroads by Mark Berends,R. Joseph Waddington,John Schoenig Summary

School Choice at the Crossroads compiles exemplary, policy-relevant research on school choice options—voucher, private, charter, and traditional public schools—as they have been implemented across the nation. Renowned contributors highlight the latest rigorous research findings and implications on school vouchers, tuition tax credits, and charter schools in states and local areas at the forefront of school choice policy. Examining national and state-level perspectives, each chapter discusses the effects of choice and vouchers on student outcomes, the processes of choice, supportive conditions of school choice programs, comparative features of school choice, and future research. This timely volume addresses whether school choice works, under what conditions, and for whom—further informing educational research, policy, and practice.

Sri Lanka At Crossroads: Geopolitical Challenges And National Interests

Sri Lanka At Crossroads: Geopolitical Challenges And National Interests Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Asanga Abeyagoonasekera
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813276746
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Sri Lanka At Crossroads: Geopolitical Challenges And National Interests by Asanga Abeyagoonasekera Summary

Having celebrated its 70th year of independence in 2018, Sri Lanka, a strategically-positioned island nation, now finds itself with the potential to be a super connector in fast-developing Asia. While carving out a place for itself in the international arena, Sri Lanka has simultaneously had to look inwards to recover and rebuild its potential, bruised by an era of colonial rule and nearly 30 years of a civil war, with two youth insurrections.This book examines these twin dimensions. First, how Sri Lanka is negotiating its international reach and the spheres of influence that extend from other Asian and world powers, and second, how the country is engaging in nation-building, from days of racial riots to ones of peace-building, reconciliation, more robust governance, and the development of cyber security.Written from the perspective of a Sri Lankan academic and the head of the national security think tank, this book offers insights into how the country has addressed its post-conflict as well as geopolitical challenges, navigated through domestic politics, and ramped up peace-building efforts, to now reach a junction where it can put its foot firmly on the road to prosperity in a new Asian world order.

Crossroads of Rural Crime

Crossroads of Rural Crime Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alistair Harkness,Rob White
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1800436440
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Crossroads of Rural Crime by Alistair Harkness,Rob White Summary

Using the notion of ‘crossroads’ to provide a unique lens through which to examine the realities of rural crime, Crossroads of Rural Crime provides an understanding of the nature of rural life and ways in which transgression manifests itself in the context of a presumed rural-urban divide.

A History of Southeast Asia

A History of Southeast Asia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anthony Reid
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118512936
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A History of Southeast Asia by Anthony Reid Summary

A History of Southeast Asia: Critical Crossroads presents a comprehensive history of Southeast Asia from our earliest knowledge of its civilizations and religious patterns up to the present day. Incorporates environmental, social, economic, and gender issues to tell a multi-dimensional story of Southeast Asian history from earliest times to the present Argues that while the region remains a highly diverse mix of religions, ethnicities, and political systems, it demands more attention for how it manages such diversity while being receptive to new ideas and technologies Demonstrates how Southeast Asia can offer alternatives to state-centric models of history more broadly 2016 PROSE Award Honorable Mention for Textbook in the Humanities

Digital Crossroads, second edition

Digital Crossroads, second edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jonathan E. Nuechterlein,Philip J. Weiser
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262315580
FileSize: 1871kb
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Digital Crossroads, second edition by Jonathan E. Nuechterlein,Philip J. Weiser Summary

A thoroughly updated, comprehensive, and accessible guide to U.S. telecommunications law and policy, covering recent developments including mobile broadband issues, spectrum policy, and net neutrality. In Digital Crossroads, two experts on telecommunications policy offer a comprehensive and accessible analysis of the regulation of competition in the U.S. telecommunications industry. The first edition of Digital Crossroads (MIT Press, 2005) became an essential and uniquely readable guide for policymakers, lawyers, scholars, and students in a fast-moving and complex policy field. In this second edition, the authors have revised every section of every chapter to reflect the evolution in industry structure, technology, and regulatory strategy since 2005. The book features entirely new discussions of such topics as the explosive development of the mobile broadband ecosystem; incentive auctions and other recent spectrum policy initiatives; the FCC's net neutrality rules; the National Broadband Plan; the declining relevance of the traditional public switched telephone network; and the policy response to online video services and their potential to transform the way Americans watch television. Like its predecessor, this new edition of Digital Crossroads not only helps nonspecialists climb this field's formidable learning curve, but also makes substantive contributions to ongoing policy debates.

Labour Markets at a Crossroads

Labour Markets at a Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Henrik Lindberg
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443836133
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Labour Markets at a Crossroads by Henrik Lindberg Summary

The European labour market models are at a crossroads. Almost all Western European countries have experienced a lack of job creation, productivity and growth for an extended period of time. There is a problem of unemployment overall, but most urgently for the young, for immigrants and for the disabled. There is a clear need for reform. This volume, Labour Markets at a Crossroads: Causes of Change, Challenges and Need to Reform, investigates a number of vital aspects of the European labour markets and the challenges they face. The chapters give new perspectives on how the different labour market models in Europe work, and what consequences they have. The contributing authors are academic scholars in economics, political science, sociology and economic history from a variety of European countries. The book is structured around three main themes: Flexicurity and Labour Market Dynamics Trade Unions and Industrial Action Wages and Bargaining A central conclusion made by the editors is that one of the main causes of the shortcomings of the European labour markets is the existence of what they call “corporative cartels.” Moreover, there are clear options for policy choice, both for legislators and the social partners themselves.

South Africa’s Democracy at the Crossroads

South Africa’s Democracy at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Daniel Silander,Charlotte Silander,Herman van der Elst,Pieter Heydenrych
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1802629297
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South Africa’s Democracy at the Crossroads by Daniel Silander,Charlotte Silander,Herman van der Elst,Pieter Heydenrych Summary

South Africa's democracy faces increasing challenges from within, whether from protest, bad governance or general public dissatisfaction. South Africa ́s Democracy at the Crossroads explores the question; what are the challenges to future democratization in South Africa?

Obama at the Crossroads

Obama at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lawrence R. Jacobs,Desmond King
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199942781
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Obama at the Crossroads by Lawrence R. Jacobs,Desmond King Summary

The 2010 election serves as a bookend to one of the remarkable political periods in recent U.S. history. Amidst a profound economic crisis, Americans elected an African American to the presidency and massive Democratic majorities to Congress. Beginning in 2009, the President and Congress put forward a sweeping agenda to both address the economic crisis and enact progressive policies that liberals had been advocating for decades. Within a year and a half, they would pass health care reform and financial reform alongside a stimulus package of nearly a trillion dollars. Democrats also rescued the auto industry via a partial government takeover and expanded the Bush administration's incipient program for saving the banking sector by pouring hundreds of billions of dollars into it. Finally, the Obama administration dramatically increased our commitment in Afghanistan while simultaneously winding down our presence in Iraq. In Obama at the Crossroads, eminent political scientists Desmond King and Larry Jacobs have gathered some of the best scholars in American politics to take stock of this extraordinary period. Covering the financial crisis, health care reform, racial politics, foreign policy, the nature of Obama's leadership, and the relationship between the administration's agenda and broader progressive goals, this will serve as a comprehensive overview of the key issues facing the Obama administration as it entered office.

Turkish Economy At The Crossroads: Facing The Challenges Ahead

Turkish Economy At The Crossroads: Facing The Challenges Ahead Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Asaf Savas Akat,Seyfettin Gursel
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9811214905
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Turkish Economy At The Crossroads: Facing The Challenges Ahead by Asaf Savas Akat,Seyfettin Gursel Summary

Turkish Economy at the Crossroads: Facing the Challenges Ahead is an exciting new volume of articles from prominent experts, edited by two distinguished economists. Despite its international stature and its diversified open-market economy, the global literature on Turkey is dispersed and sparse. The book aims to remedy this shortcoming by providing readers interested in Turkey with a balanced and up-to-date overview of the economy.Topics discussed include trends in long-term political economy, post-2001 macroeconomic policies, tradable and non-tradable sectors and their impact on income distribution, capital flows and financial imbalances, success and problems of structural transformation at the micro level, characteristics of the labor markets with special emphasis on female employment, Turkey's long lasting but difficult relations with the European Union and possible scenarios for the near future. This unified approach permits to highlight and tackle effectively the challenges and risks Turkey faces in the final and critical stage of transition to a modern developed society.

Imperial Crossroads

Imperial Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jeffrey Macris,Saul Kelly
Editor: Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 1612510949
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Imperial Crossroads by Jeffrey Macris,Saul Kelly Summary

For centuries the world’s Great Powers, along with their fleets, armies, and intelligence services, have been drawn to the Persian Gulf region. Lying at the junction of three great continents – Asia, Europe, and Africa – and sitting athwart the oceanic trade routes that link the cities of the world, the Gulf, like a magnet, has pulled superpowers into the shallow waters and adjacent lands of the 600 mile long appendage of the Indian Ocean. An observer at Hormuz at the mouth of the Gulf would alternately have watched pass in the 15th century the treasure ships of Chinese Admiral Zheng He, in the 16th century the caravels of Portuguese Admiral Afonso de Albuquerqe, in the 17th century the merchant ships of the Dutch East India Company, in the 18th to the 20th centuries the frigates and steamships of the British, and finally in the late 20th century to today, the cruisers and aircraft carriers of the U.S. Fifth Fleet. Perhaps in the future, Americans may be supplanted by the Indians, or perhaps the Chinese. In the Great Powers’ comings and goings since the 1400s, several consistent broad interests emerged. For the majority of this time, for example, the superpowers entered the Gulf region not to colonize, as the Europeans did in other places, but rather to further trade, which in the 20th century increasingly included oil. They also sought a military presence in the Gulf to protect seaborne flanks to colonial possessions further east on the Indian sub-continent and beyond (India, in fact, has long cast a shadow over the Gulf, given its historic trade and cultural ties to the Gulf region, strong ties that continue today). In their geo-political jockeying, furthermore, the Great Powers sought to deprive their rivals access to the states bordering the Gulf region. In tending to these enduring interests inside the Strait of Hormuz, the Great Powers through history concentrated their trade, political, and military presence along the littorals. Not surprisingly, their navies have played a substantive role. Imperial Crossroads: The Great Powers and the Persian Gulf is a collection of connected chapters, each of which investigates a different perspective in the broader subject of the Great Powers and their involvement with the states of the Persian Gulf. This volume concentrates on four western nations – Portugal, Holland, Britain, and the United States – and concludes with a look at the possible future involvement of two rising Asian powers – China and India.

Scholarly Communication at the Crossroads in China

Scholarly Communication at the Crossroads in China Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jingfeng Xia
Editor: Chandos Publishing
ISBN: 0081005423
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Scholarly Communication at the Crossroads in China by Jingfeng Xia Summary

Scholarly Communication at the Crossroads in China follows the dichotomy paradox to focus on both achievements and challenges at every step of the scholarly communication process, highlighting Insights and trends in academic infrastructure and scholarly behaviors within the context of local economic, political, and technological development. Since China adopted an open-door policy in the late 1970s, it has experienced a dramatic economic transformation. With a growth rate around 10% over the past three decades, China is now the second largest economy by nominal gross domestic product and by purchasing power parity in the world. Economic success has impelled restructurings in almost all aspects of the social and cultural settings. Among other changes, the new pursuits of education, research, and scholarship have redefined the academic community with its development across generations and ideologies. Provides a large picture of scholarly communication in China, with official data, interviews, and personal observations Includes the latest multidisciplinary information, covering education, library science, and information science Contains diverse formats, including charts and tables, with dichotomy examples Presents historical and contemporary coverage, analyzing data from 1978 onwards in a cultural, economic, social, and political context Focuses on changes by taking readers through the complex process of scholarship transformation

Globalisation and Finance at the Crossroads

Globalisation and Finance at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Adrian Blundell-Wignall,Paul Atkinson,Caroline Roulet
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319726765
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Globalisation and Finance at the Crossroads by Adrian Blundell-Wignall,Paul Atkinson,Caroline Roulet Summary

Globalisation and the governance of the international financial system have arrived at the crossroads, where either a coherent level playing field for the cross-border activities of banks and multinational enterprises is settled upon, or the risk of another crisis will build up again. This book will explore the underlying problems alongside inconsistent economic and financial trends as a guide for researchers, advanced students and professionals to think about the interconnectedness of the factors involved. Readers will gain insights drawn from recent developments in economic theory and empirical research—a toolkit to help them in their future careers in economics and finance—illustrated with an analysis of the 2008 crisis and its aftermath.

New Donors on the Postcolonial Crossroads

New Donors on the Postcolonial Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tomáš Profant
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429749104
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New Donors on the Postcolonial Crossroads by Tomáš Profant Summary

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Eastern European countries were said to be playing catch up with the West, and in the field of development cooperation, they were classified as 'new donors.' This book aims to problematize this distinction between old and new development donors, applying an East–West dimension to global Orientalism discourse. The book uses a novel double postcolonial perspective, examining North–South relations and East–West relations simultaneously, and problematizing these distinctions. In particular, the book deploys an empirical analysis of a 'new' Eastern European donor (Slovakia), compared with an 'old' donor (Austria), in order to explore questions around hierarchization, depoliticization and the legitimization of development. This book's innovative approach to the East–West dimension of global Orientalism will be of interest to researchers in postcolonial studies, Eastern European studies, and critical development studies.

International Strategic Relations and China's National Security

International Strategic Relations and China's National Security Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Institute for Strategic Studies, National Defense University of People's Liberation Army
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813144955
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International Strategic Relations and China's National Security by Institute for Strategic Studies, National Defense University of People's Liberation Army Summary

The world was standing at the crossroads in 2015 as globalization propelled human beings into an increasingly integrated community of common destiny. In the meantime, the world witnessed the strategic competition among major powers. This annual publication offers views, opinions and predictions on global political and security issues, and China's strategic choices by Chinese scholars. It covers almost all the significant issues that took place in the international security arena in 2015. Besides the relations among major powers, it studies the international community's fight against Islamic State (IS), the strategic situation in the Korean Peninsula, political situation in Myanmar, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian nuclear issue, free navigation in the South China Sea, China's Belt and Road Initiative and its grand diplomacy. This book argues that the strategic competition among major powers is heightening, and smaller countries as well as extremist forces like the IS are seeking strategic space by taking advantage of the conflicts among major powers. The book concludes that to address this major historic challenge in international politics, it is essential that some major powers drop the hostile stance towards each other and enhance partnership to foster international cooperation.

REDD+ at the crossroads

REDD+ at the crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael B. Dwyer,Micah Ingalls
Editor: CIFOR
ISBN: 6021504828
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REDD+ at the crossroads by Michael B. Dwyer,Micah Ingalls Summary

To date, REDD+ projects in Laos have made relatively conservative choices on driver engagement, focusing on smallholder-related drivers like shifting cultivation and small-scale agricultural expansion, to the exclusion of drivers like agro-industrial concessions, mining concessions and energy and transportation infrastructure. While these choices have been based on calculated decisions made in the context of project areas, they have created a pair of challenges that REDD+ practitioners must currently confront. The first is lost opportunity. By not engaging industrial drivers of forest loss, REDD+ misses an important chance to engage with high level economic decision making. This has implications not only for climate change mitigation, but more importantly for efforts to make Laos’s current trajectory of natural resource-intensive development more socially, environmentally and economically sustainable. The second challenge is more immediate. Due to the political-economic circumstances under which forest loss occurs, there is a significant gap between loss that is planned and loss that can be accounted for under REDD’s “national circumstance” allowances for planned deforestation. This means that REDD’s positive impacts on mitigating forest loss, to the extent that they occur, may be swamped by planned but unaccountable forest loss, and thus difficult or impossible to verify. Thinking bigger on issues from driver engagement to spatial planning and concession regulation to land tenure and rural livelihood possibilities thus presents not only a series of opportunities, but a series of imperatives.

Knowledge at the Crossroads?

Knowledge at the Crossroads? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lyn Yates,Peter Woelert,Victoria Millar,Kate O'Connor
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811020817
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Knowledge at the Crossroads? by Lyn Yates,Peter Woelert,Victoria Millar,Kate O'Connor Summary

There is much discussion about what needs to change in education institutions in the 21st century, but less attention given to how core disciplinary studies should be considered within that context. This book is based on a major 4-year research study of history and physics in the changing environment of schools and universities in Australia. Are these forms of knowledge still valuable for students? Are they complementary to, or at odds with the concerns about ‘21st century skills’, interdisciplinary and collaborative research teams, employability and ‘learner-centred’ education? How do those who work in these fields see changes in their disciplines and in their work environment? And what are the similarities and differences between the experiences of teachers and academics in physics and those in history? The book draws on interviews with 115 school teachers and university academics to provide new perspectives on two important issues. Firstly, how, for the purposes of today’s schools and universities, can we adequately understand knowledge and knowledge building over time? Secondly, what has been productive and what has been counter-productive in recent efforts to steer and manage the changes in Australia?

Language Contacts at the Crossroads of Disciplines

Language Contacts at the Crossroads of Disciplines Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lea Meriläinen,Heli Paulasto,Helka Riionheimo
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443873489
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Language Contacts at the Crossroads of Disciplines by Lea Meriläinen,Heli Paulasto,Helka Riionheimo Summary

This volume offers a cross-disciplinary insight into language contact research, bringing together fresh empirical and theoretical studies from various fields concerning different dimensions of language contact and variation, second language acquisition and translation. In the present-day world of globalization, population mobility and information technology, the themes of multilingualism and contact-induced language change are as topical as ever, and research on language contacts and cross-linguistic influence has expanded rapidly during the last few decades. Along with the increasing specialization of related disciplines, their research perspectives, methods and terminology have become dispersed, although language contact phenomena themselves can rarely be confined within the scope of a single discipline. This collection of articles creates dialogue between researchers from different scientific backgrounds, thus viewing language contact phenomena from a broader perspective. When language contact is re-defined to include the mental or cognitive level of contact between different languages and varieties in the minds of language learners or translators, salient links are created between the different disciplines dealing with this subject matter.

Handbook of Research on Organizational Justice and Culture in Higher Education Institutions

Handbook of Research on Organizational Justice and Culture in Higher Education Institutions Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ololube, Nwachukwu Prince
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466698519
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Handbook of Research on Organizational Justice and Culture in Higher Education Institutions by Ololube, Nwachukwu Prince Summary

Fairness in the workplace is a key element to the successful management and development of an organization. By evaluating the treatment of employees within educational settings, as well as examining their reaction to fair and effective leadership practices, an institution gains a competitive edge within the global academic landscape. The Handbook of Research on Organizational Justice and Culture in Higher Education Institutions examines employee perspectives and behavior within educational settings. Highlighting the application of organizational integrity practices being used to meet the demands of institutional employees within developing and developed economies, this publication is a vital reference source for academicians, professionals, researchers, and students interested in higher education business management and development.

Canada at a Crossroads

Canada at a Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jeffrey Denis
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442666013
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Canada at a Crossroads by Jeffrey Denis Summary

Drawing on group position theory, settler colonial studies, critical race theory, and Indigenous theorizing, Canada at a Crossroads emphasizes the social psychological barriers to transforming white settler ideologies and practices and working towards decolonization. After tracing settlers’ sense of group superiority and entitlement to historical and ongoing colonial processes, Denis illustrates how contemporary Indigenous and settler residents think about and relate to one another. He highlights how, despite often having close cross-group relationships, residents maintain conflicting perspectives on land, culture, history, and treaties, and Indigenous residents frequently experience interpersonal and systemic racism. Denis then critically assesses the promise and pitfalls of commonly proposed solutions, including intergroup contact, education, apologies, and collective action, and concludes that genuine reconciliation will require radically restructuring Canadian society and perpetually fulfilling treaty responsibilities.

Western Aid at a Crossroads

Western Aid at a Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Øyvind Eggen,Kjell Roland
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137380322
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Western Aid at a Crossroads by Øyvind Eggen,Kjell Roland Summary

The new growth patterns and shifting wealth in the world economy fundamentally alter the basis for Western aid. This book demonstrates how Western development aid has been transformed over time, in particular in the 1990s, when the West enjoyed world hegemony. Western aid, once a helping hand to other countries' development strategies, has increasingly been seen as a tool for large-scale attempts to transform states, societies and minds according to Western models. The authors claim that this has made aid more complex and less useful to poor countries in their fight against poverty. Emerging economies, such as China, have demonstrated that other paths to growth and poverty alleviation are available. They are attractive partners in development, offering collaboration without paternalism. Most poor countries experience growth, and are able to finance development with homegrown resources or in collaboration with non-Western partners. Having other options, they may increasingly challenge and reject Western aid if it is accompanied with goals of transforming the recipients based on Western blueprints. The authors claim that aid has a role in the fight against poverty in the future, but only if Western donors are willing to adapt to the new world order, leave paternalism behind and rethink their role in development. Donors must change the way they relate to poor sovereign states, redefine the meaning of 'development', and reinvent aid to make it simpler and more manageable.

Trade Agreements at the Crossroads

Trade Agreements at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Susy Frankel,Meredith Lewis
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317964551
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Trade Agreements at the Crossroads by Susy Frankel,Meredith Lewis Summary

The book examines trade agreements in the context of the current world economic crisis and the uncompleted World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Round of trade negotiations. With economies shrinking and protectionism on the rise, many fear a protracted global recession. This raises important questions as to what role trade agreements – multilateral, plurilateral, and bilateral – should be playing in the current climate of uncertainty, and how best to plan for a more stable economic future. Previous assumptions are now being questioned, making this an opportune time to critically examine the WTO, free trade agreements, bilateral investment treaties, and other international economic law instruments. Furthermore, participants in international agreements are concerned with emerging issues that have the potential to strengthen or weaken the global trading system, including matters of treaty interpretation; terms of new agreements; and effects of existing provisions. This book provides a timely addition to the international economic law literature, as its submissions have been prepared during a time of unusual uncertainty and economic change; individuals interested in international economic law will seek scholarship that recognizes the current international economic climate. This book should be of interest to a wide range of academics and student researchers, as well as policymakers and practitioners.

Corporate Security Crossroads: Responding to Terrorism, Cyberthreats, and Other Hazards in the Global Business Environment

Corporate Security Crossroads: Responding to Terrorism, Cyberthreats, and Other Hazards in the Global Business Environment Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard J. Chasdi
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440832862
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Corporate Security Crossroads: Responding to Terrorism, Cyberthreats, and Other Hazards in the Global Business Environment by Richard J. Chasdi Summary

Even though terrorism poses an increasing threat to multinational companies, corporate leaders can thwart attacks by learning to navigate the complexities of foreign governments, social unrest, and cultural dissonance. • Covers different operational environments • Offers strategies for minimizing risk, such as shortening supply chains and creating redundancies to mitigate cyberattacks or physical threats • Discusses the use of corporate intelligence about local conditions to create effective security measures and track future safety trends • Suggests that multinational corporations work together to achieve economies of scale in antiterrorism services and to establish partnerships with local governments

American Crossroads

American Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jesse Wisnewski
Editor: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1621890430
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American Crossroads by Jesse Wisnewski Summary

"Should Christians be concerned with faith and evangelism and not politcal affairs?" In answering this question, American Crossroads provides a thought-provoking look at what it means to submit to the governing authorities of the United States of America. Just as God called for Christians to submit to the Roman government that forced its will upon the people (Rom 13:1), so too is God calling for us to submit to the existing form of government in the United States, a government that lives and thrives upon the will and involvement of people. Today, by submitting to the government, Christian citizens are led to influence the American political process that depends upon the involvement of all citizens for its well-being and survival.

A Buddhist Crossroads

A Buddhist Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brian Bocking,Phibul Choompolpaisal,Laurence Cox,Alicia M Turner
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317655176
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A Buddhist Crossroads by Brian Bocking,Phibul Choompolpaisal,Laurence Cox,Alicia M Turner Summary

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Buddhism in Asia was transformed by the impact of colonial modernity and new technologies and began to spread in earnest to the West. Transnational networking among Asian Buddhists and early western converts engendered pioneering attempts to develop new kinds of Buddhism for a globalized world, in ways not controlled by any single sect or region. Drawing on new research by scholars worldwide, this book brings together some of the most extraordinary episodes and personalities of a period of almost a century from 1860-1960. Examples include Indian intellectuals who saw Buddhism as a homegrown path for a modern post-colonial future, poor whites ‘going native’ as Asian monks, a Brooklyn-born monk who sought to convert Mussolini, and the failed 1950s attempt to train British monks to establish a Thai sangha in Britain. Some of these stories represent creative failures, paths not taken, which may show us alternative possibilities for a more diverse Buddhism in a world dominated by religious nationalisms. Other pioneers paved the way for the mainstreaming of new forms of Buddhism in later decades, in time for the post-1960s takeoff of ‘global Buddhism’. This book was originally published as a special issue of Contemporary Buddhism.

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