Pdf Four To Score

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Introduction to Probability

Introduction to Probability Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 146657559X
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Introduction to Probability by Summary

Developed from celebrated Harvard statistics lectures, Introduction to Probability provides essential language and tools for understanding statistics, randomness, and uncertainty. The book explores a wide variety of applications and examples, ranging from coincidences and paradoxes to Google PageRank and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). Additional application areas explored include genetics, medicine, computer science, and information theory. The print book version includes a code that provides free access to an eBook version. The authors present the material in an accessible style and motivate concepts using real-world examples. Throughout, they use stories to uncover connections between the fundamental distributions in statistics and conditioning to reduce complicated problems to manageable pieces. The book includes many intuitive explanations, diagrams, and practice problems. Each chapter ends with a section showing how to perform relevant simulations and calculations in R, a free statistical software environment.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, Four Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, Four Volume Set Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sven Erik Jorgensen
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000031721
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Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, Four Volume Set by Sven Erik Jorgensen Summary

Winner of an Outstanding Academic Title Award from CHOICE Magazine Encyclopedia of Environmental Management gives a comprehensive overview of environmental problems, their sources, their assessment, and their solutions. Through in-depth entries and a topical table of contents, readers will quickly find answers to questions about specific pollution and management issues. Edited by the esteemed Sven Erik Jørgensen and an advisory board of renowned specialists, this four-volume set shares insights from more than 500 contributors—all experts in their fields. The encyclopedia provides basic knowledge for an integrated and ecologically sound management system. Nearly 400 alphabetical entries cover everything from air, soil, and water pollution to agriculture, energy, global pollution, toxic substances, and general pollution problems. Using a topical table of contents, readers can also search for entries according to the type of problem and the methodology. This allows readers to see the overall picture at a glance and find answers to the core questions: What is the pollution problem, and what are its sources? What is the "big picture," or what background knowledge do we need? How can we diagnose the problem, both qualitatively and quantitatively, using monitoring and ecological models, indicators, and services? How can we solve the problem with environmental technology, ecotechnology, cleaner technology, and environmental legislation? How do we address the problem as part of an integrated management strategy? This accessible encyclopedia examines the entire spectrum of tools available for environmental management. An indispensable resource, it guides environmental managers to find the best possible solutions to the myriad pollution problems they face. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact us to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367 / (email) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062 / (email) [email protected]

Tests and Assessments in Counseling

Tests and Assessments in Counseling Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bill McHenry,Kathryn C. MacCluskie,Jim McHenry
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1315279517
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Tests and Assessments in Counseling by Bill McHenry,Kathryn C. MacCluskie,Jim McHenry Summary

Tests and Assessments in Counseling provides students with current information on assessment tools and techniques through detailed case scenarios and vignettes. Going beyond basic information about a multitude of assessments, the authors focus on the use of instruments in individual cases to allow readers to more fully grasp the integral relationship between tests and assessment data and the counseling process. Chapters guide students through choosing the most effective assessment tool, successfully administering the assessment, and making meaningful and useful results of the data with the client. Test questions are also included at the end of each chapter.

Total Abs

Total Abs Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Muscle & Fitness
Editor: Triumph Books
ISBN: 1623685427
FileSize: 327kb
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Total Abs by Muscle & Fitness Summary

Intended for anyone who wants rock-hard abs but needs help getting motivated, the editors of fitness authority Muscle & Fitness magazine have created a four-week plan that incorporates invaluable take-away strategies to get a firmer midsection. More than 50 exercises and full-color photos guide readers through the best ways to obtain a tight six-pack. Throughout the exercises informative tips and fast facts are included to ensure that each routine is executed in the safest and most effective manner possible."

Together in Music

Together in Music Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Renee Timmers,Freya Bailes,Helena Daffern
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192605178
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Together in Music by Renee Timmers,Freya Bailes,Helena Daffern Summary

Recent years have seen a rise in interest, from a diversity of fields, in the musical ensemble as an exemplary form of creative group behavior. Musical ensembles can be understood and investigated as high functioning small group organizations that have coordinative structures in place to perform under pressure within strict temporal boundaries. Rehearsals and performances exemplify fruitful contexts for emergent creative behaviour, where novel musical interpretations are negotiated and discovered through improvisatory interaction. Furthermore, group music-making can be an emotionally and socially rewarding experience that enables positive outcomes for wellbeing and development. This book brings together these different perspectives into one coherent volume, offering insight into the musical ensemble from different analytical levels. Part 1 starts from the meso-level, considering ensembles as creative teams and investigating how musical groups interact at a social and organizational level. Part 2 then zooms in to consider musical coordination and interaction at a micro-level, when considering group music-making as forms of joint action. Finally, a macro-level perspective is taken in Part 3, examining the health and wellbeing affordances associated with acoustical, expressive, and emotional joint behavior. Each part contains a balance of review chapters showcasing the most recent developments in each area of research, followed by demonstrative case studies featuring various ensemble practices and processes. A rich and multidisciplinary reflection on ensemble music practice, this volume will be an insightful read for music students, teachers, academics, and professionals with an interest in the dynamics of group behavior within a musical context.

Values at Work

Values at Work Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Daniel C. Esty,Todd Cort
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030556131
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Values at Work by Daniel C. Esty,Todd Cort Summary

Sustainable investing is a rapidly growing and evolving field. With investors expressing ever greater interest in environmental, social, and governance (ESG) metrics and reporting, companies face a sustainability imperative and the need to remake their business models to respond to an array of pressing issues including climate change, air and water pollution, racial justice, workplace diversity, economic inequality, privacy, corporate integrity, and good governance. From equities to fixed income and from private equity to impact-investing, investors of all kinds now want to understand which companies will be marketplace leaders in a business future redefined by sustainability. Thus, investment strategies, risk models, financial vehicles, applications, data, metrics, standards, and regulations are all changing rapidly around the world. In an effort to better understand the current status and movement of this dynamic field and to provide a practical reference for the growing pool of investors, financial advisors, companies, and academics seeking information on sustainable investing and ESG reporting, this edited book covers the latest trends, tools, and thinking. It showcases the work of authors from leading companies and academic institutions across a range of vital topics such as financial disclosure, portfolio assessment, ESG metrics construction, and law as well as regulation. Readers of the book will be better able to identify and address the hurdles to moving mainstream capital toward more sustainable companies, investments, and projects.

Measuring Regional Authority

Measuring Regional Authority Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Liesbet Hooghe,Gary Marks,Arjan H. Schakel,Sandra Chapman Osterkatz,Sara Niedzwiecki,Sarah Shair-Rosenfield
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191044679
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Measuring Regional Authority by Liesbet Hooghe,Gary Marks,Arjan H. Schakel,Sandra Chapman Osterkatz,Sara Niedzwiecki,Sarah Shair-Rosenfield Summary

This is the first of five ambitious volumes theorizing the structure of governance above and below the central state. This book is written for those interested in the character, causes, and consequences of governance within the state and for social scientists who take measurement seriously. The book sets out a measure of regional authority for 81 countries in North America, Europe, Latin America, Asia, and the Pacific from 1950 to 2010. Subnational authority is exercised by individual regions, and this measure is the first that takes individual regions as the unit of analysis. On the premise that transparency is a fundamental virtue in measurement, the authors chart a new path in laying out their theoretical, conceptual, and scoring decisions before the reader. The book also provides summaries of regional governance in 81 countries for scholars and students alike. Transformations in Governance is a major new academic book series from Oxford University Press. It is designed to accommodate the impressive growth of research in comparative politics, international relations, public policy, federalism, environmental and urban studies concerned with the dispersion of authority from central states up to supranational institutions, down to subnational governments, and side-ways to public-private networks. It brings together work that significantly advances our understanding of the organization, causes, and consequences of multilevel and complex governance. The series is selective, containing annually a small number of books of exceptionally high quality by leading and emerging scholars. The series targets mainly single-authored or co-authored work, but it is pluralistic in terms of disciplinary specialization, research design, method, and geographical scope. Case studies as well as comparative studies, historical as well as contemporary studies, and studies with a national, regional, or international focus are all central to its aims. Authors use qualitative, quantitative, formal modeling, or mixed methods. A trade mark of the books is that they combine scholarly rigour with readable prose and an attractive production style. The series is edited by Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and the VU Amsterdam, and Walter Mattli of the University of Oxford.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309142393
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Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community Summary

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Practical Ideas for Teaching Writing as a Process

Practical Ideas for Teaching Writing as a Process Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Carol B. Olson
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788127187
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Practical Ideas for Teaching Writing as a Process by Carol B. Olson Summary

Contains a collection of specific classroom strategies & suggestions for teaching writing to elementary school students according to an eight-stage process. Specific techniques for teaching each stage of the writing process & descriptions of proven approaches for using these techniques are also included. "A wonderful resource, a labor of love from a large & talented group of educators." Had its beginnings in the California Writing Project at the Univ. of California, Irvine. Best Seller! Illustrated.

Handbook of Rural Aging

Handbook of Rural Aging Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lenard W. Kaye
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000334368
FileSize: 680kb
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Handbook of Rural Aging by Lenard W. Kaye Summary

The Handbook of Rural Aging goes beyond the perspective of a narrow range of health professions, disciplines, and community services that serve older adults in rural America to encompass the full range of perspectives and issues impacting the communities in which rural older adults live. Touching on such topics as work and voluntarism, technology, transportation, housing, the environment, social participation, and the delivery of health and community services, this reference work addresses the full breadth and scope of factors impacting the lives of rural elders with contributions from recognized scholars, administrators, and researchers. This Handbook buttresses a widespread movement to garner more attention for rural America in policy matters and decisions, while also elevating awareness of the critical circumstances facing rural elders and those who serve them. Merging demographic, economic, social, cultural, health, environmental, and political perspectives, it will be an essential reference source for library professionals, researchers, educators, students, program and community administrators, and practitioners with a combined interest in rural issues and aging.

Glossary Of Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education

Glossary Of Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education Pdf/ePub eBook Author: H. Omer Tontus
Editor: Livre de Lyon
ISBN: 2382360380
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Glossary Of Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education by H. Omer Tontus Summary

This book is prepared for teachers in higher education, and many of the words in this glossary can be grabbed by teaching staff in any kind of educational departments. This book also has been prepared to address the need to comprehend the A to Z meaning of the definitions of assessment and evaluation.

Acute Blood Purification

Acute Blood Purification Pdf/ePub eBook Author: H. Suzuki,H. Hirasawa
Editor: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805594798
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Acute Blood Purification by H. Suzuki,H. Hirasawa Summary

Acute organ damage and the ensuing multiple organ failure are the result of a pathophysiological process involving various cytokines. Once activated, these proteins cannot be eliminated even when the kidneys function at their maximum capacity. To counteract this mechanism, researchers in Japan have developed an innovative concept employing blood purification to remove the overwhelming cytokines.This book describes the use of hemodiafiltration to inhibit the cytokine storms which cause serious organ damage in patients with septic shock. Moreover, the technical construction of the blood purification system, which includes various machines, devices, membranes, fluids, etc., is explained in detail. Finally, leading experts discuss the concept of continuous renal replacement therapy as the standard care in critically ill patients with severe acute kidney injury.Describing the current state of acute blood purification, this publication provides new impulses and opens new avenues in the treatment of acute organ damage.

The Body Keeps the Score

The Body Keeps the Score Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bessel van der Kolk, M.D.
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101608307
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The Body Keeps the Score by Bessel van der Kolk, M.D. Summary

#1 New York Times bestseller “Essential reading for anyone interested in understanding and treating traumatic stress and the scope of its impact on society.” —Alexander McFarlane, Director of the Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies A pioneering researcher transforms our understanding of trauma and offers a bold new paradigm for healing in this New York Times bestseller Trauma is a fact of life. Veterans and their families deal with the painful aftermath of combat; one in five Americans has been molested; one in four grew up with alcoholics; one in three couples have engaged in physical violence. Dr. Bessel van der Kolk, one of the world’s foremost experts on trauma, has spent over three decades working with survivors. In The Body Keeps the Score, he uses recent scientific advances to show how trauma literally reshapes both body and brain, compromising sufferers’ capacities for pleasure, engagement, self-control, and trust. He explores innovative treatments—from neurofeedback and meditation to sports, drama, and yoga—that offer new paths to recovery by activating the brain’s natural neuroplasticity. Based on Dr. van der Kolk’s own research and that of other leading specialists, The Body Keeps the Score exposes the tremendous power of our relationships both to hurt and to heal—and offers new hope for reclaiming lives.

PISA 2018 Results (Volume IV) Are Students Smart about Money?

PISA 2018 Results (Volume IV) Are Students Smart about Money? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: OECD
Editor: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264728457
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PISA 2018 Results (Volume IV) Are Students Smart about Money? by OECD Summary

The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) examines what students know in reading, mathematics and science, and what they can do with what they know. This is one of six volumes that present the results of the PISA 2018 survey, the seventh round of the triennial assessment. Volume IV, Are Students Smart about Money?, examines 15-year-old students’ understanding about money matters in the 20 countries and economies that participated in this optional assessment.

Handbook of Test Development

Handbook of Test Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Suzanne Lane,Mark R. Raymond,Thomas M. Haladyna
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136242570
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Handbook of Test Development by Suzanne Lane,Mark R. Raymond,Thomas M. Haladyna Summary

The second edition of the Handbook of Test Development provides graduate students and professionals with an up-to-date, research-oriented guide to the latest developments in the field. Including thirty-two chapters by well-known scholars and practitioners, it is divided into five sections, covering the foundations of test development, content definition, item development, test design and form assembly, and the processes of test administration, documentation, and evaluation. Keenly aware of developments in the field since the publication of the first edition, including changes in technology, the evolution of psychometric theory, and the increased demands for effective tests via educational policy, the editors of this edition include new chapters on assessing noncognitive skills, measuring growth and learning progressions, automated item generation and test assembly, and computerized scoring of constructed responses. The volume also includes expanded coverage of performance testing, validity, fairness, and numerous other topics. Edited by Suzanne Lane, Mark R. Raymond, and Thomas M. Haladyna, The Handbook of Test Development, 2nd edition, is based on the revised Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, and is appropriate for graduate courses and seminars that deal with test development and usage, professional testing services and credentialing agencies, state and local boards of education, and academic libraries serving these groups.

Unraveling U.S. Health Care

Unraveling U.S. Health Care Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Roberta E. Winter
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442222980
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Unraveling U.S. Health Care by Roberta E. Winter Summary

In illuminating detail,Winter offers a consumer guide to health care in the U.S. that includes performance metrics by state, patient safety rankings for hospitals, statewide surveys on patient safety laws, analysis of high quality centers for medical tourism, state licensing requirements for holistic health care, and information on the 2010 health care reforms with 2014 implementation guidelines.

Scientific and Statistical Database Management

Scientific and Statistical Database Management Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bertram Ludäscher,Nikos Mamoulis
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540694978
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Scientific and Statistical Database Management by Bertram Ludäscher,Nikos Mamoulis Summary

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management, SSDBM 2008, held in Hong Kong, China, in July 2008. The 28 revised full papers, 7 revised short papers and 8 poster and demo papers presented together with 3 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 84 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on query optimization in scientific databases, privacy, searching and mining graphs, data streams, scientific database applications, advanced indexing methods, data mining, as well as advanced queries and uncertain data.

Digital Mammography

Digital Mammography Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joan Martí,Arnau Oliver,Jordi Freixenet,Robert Martí
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642136664
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Digital Mammography by Joan Martí,Arnau Oliver,Jordi Freixenet,Robert Martí Summary

This volume of Springer’s Lecture Notes in Computer Science series comprises th the scienti?c proceedings of the 10 International Workshop on Digital Mammography (IWDM), which was held June 16–18, 2010 in Girona, Cata- nia. The IWDMmeetingstraditionallybringtogetheradiversesetofresearchers (physicists, mathematicians, computer scientists, engineers), clinicians (radi- ogists, surgeons) and representatives of industry, who are jointly committed to developing technology, not just for its own sake, but to support clinicians in the early detection and subsequent patient management of breast cancer. The IWDM conference series was initiated at a 1993 meeting of the SPIE Medical Imaging Symposium in San Jose, CA, with subsequent meetings hosted every two yearsbyresearchersaroundthe world. Former workshopswereheld in York, England (1994), Chicago, IL USA (1996), Nijmegen, The Netherlands (1998), Toronto, Canada (2000), Bremen, Germany (2002), Durham, NC, USA (2004), Manchester, UK (2006) and Tucson, AZ USA (2008). Each of these scienti?c events was combined with very successful and focused industrial and research exhibits, which demonstrated the milestones of digital mammography over the years. A total number of 141 paper submissions from 21 countries were received. Each of these four-page abstract submissions was reviewed in a blind process by at least two members of the Scienti?c Committee, which led to a ?nal selection of 46 oral presentations and 57 posters during the two and one-half days of scienti?c sessions.

Advances in Human Factors in Training, Education, and Learning Sciences

Advances in Human Factors in Training, Education, and Learning Sciences Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Terence Andre
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319600184
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Advances in Human Factors in Training, Education, and Learning Sciences by Terence Andre Summary

This book focuses on the importance of human factors in optimizing the learning and training process. It reports on the latest research and best practices and discusses key principles of behavioral and cognitive science, which are extremely relevant to the design of instructional content and new technologies to support mobile and multimedia learning, virtual training and web-based learning, among others, as well as performance measurements, social and adaptive learning and many other types of educational technologies, with a special emphasis on those important in the corporate, higher education, and military training contexts. Based on the AHFE 2017 Conference on Human Factors in Training, Education, and Learning Sciences, held July 17–21, 2017 in Los Angeles, California, the book offers a timely perspective on the role of human factors in education. It highlights important new ideas and will foster new discussions on how to optimally design learning experiences.

Indicator-Based Monitoring of Regional Economic Integration

Indicator-Based Monitoring of Regional Economic Integration Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Philippe De Lombaerde,Edgar J. Saucedo Acosta
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319508601
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Indicator-Based Monitoring of Regional Economic Integration by Philippe De Lombaerde,Edgar J. Saucedo Acosta Summary

This volume brings together experts from different world regions. It presents various experiences with building indicator systems for monitoring the implementation of regional economic integration policies such as preferential trade areas, common markets or economic and monetary unions. The volume discusses both the technical and governance aspects of such systems, and best practices. The regional experiences that are covered include: the European Union, Eurasia, ASEAN, the East African Community (EAC), COMESA, CARICOM, the African-Caribbean-Pacific Group, and the Americas. In addition, various chapters discuss cross-cutting methodological challenges related to trade-related indicators.

Social Inequality and Social Stratification in U.S. Society

Social Inequality and Social Stratification in U.S. Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christopher Doob
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317344200
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Social Inequality and Social Stratification in U.S. Society by Christopher Doob Summary

Social Inequality – examining our present while understanding our past. Social Inequality and Social Statification in US Society, 1st edition uses a historical and conceptual framework to explain social stratification and social inequality. The historical scope gives context to each issue discussed and allows the reader to understand how each topic has evolved over the course of American history. The authors use qualitative data to help explain socioeconomic issues and connect related topics. Each chapter examines major concepts, so readers can see how an individual’s success in stratified settings often relies heavily on their access to valued resources–types of capital which involve finances, schooling, social networking, and cultural competence. Analyzing the impact of capital types throughout the text helps map out the prospects for individuals, families, and also classes to maintain or alter their position in social-stratification systems. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Analyze the four major American classes, as well as how race and gender are linked to inequalities in the United States Understand attempts to reduce social inequality Identify major historical events that have influenced current trends Understand how qualitative sources help reveal the inner workings that accompany people’s struggles with the socioeconomic order Recognize the impact of social-stratification systems on individuals and families

Europeanization of Environmental Policy in the New Europe

Europeanization of Environmental Policy in the New Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mats Braun
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317139151
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Europeanization of Environmental Policy in the New Europe by Mats Braun Summary

Prior to the European Union (EU) 2004/2007 enlargement there were several predictions that this event would hamper progressive decision-making within the EU on environmental policy. It was believed that the new member states had adopted EU rules as a consequence of the EU's conditionality and consequently they would rather slow down the reform speed in the field after accession. In this book, Mats Braun offers an up-to-date account of how post-communist member states have handled policy initiatives in the field of environmental policy after accession. Using detailed case studies of how Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Poland and Romania dealt with two different EU policy initiatives - REACH and the Climate-Energy Package - he explores whether social norms and the process of socialization can help us understand why the track record of new member states in the area of environmental policy is more varied than was originally envisaged prior to enlargement.

The Fight to Save the Town

The Fight to Save the Town Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michelle Wilde Anderson
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1501196006
FileSize: 1993kb
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The Fight to Save the Town by Michelle Wilde Anderson Summary

A sweeping and authoritative study of wealth inequality and the dismantling of local government in four working-class cities across the US that passionately argues for reinvestment in people-centered leadership. Decades of cuts to local government amidst rising concentrations of poverty have wreaked havoc on communities left behind by the modern economy. Some of these discarded places are rural. Others are big cities, small cities, or historic suburbs. Some vote blue, others red. Some are the most diverse communities in America, while others are nearly all white, all Latino, or all Black. All are routinely trashed by outsiders for their poverty and their politics. Mostly, their governments are just broke. Forty years after the anti-tax revolution began protecting wealthy taxpayers and their cities, our high-poverty cities and counties have run out of services to cut, properties to sell, bills to defer, and risky loans to take. In The Fight to Save the Town, urban law expert and author Michelle Wilde Anderson offers unsparing, humanistic portraits of the hardships left behind in four such places. But this book is not a eulogy or a lament. Instead, Anderson travels to four blue-collar communities that are poor, broke, and progressing. Networks of leaders and residents in these places are facing down some of the hardest challenges in American poverty today. In Stockton, California, locals are finding ways, beyond the police department, to reduce gun violence and treat the trauma it leaves behind. In Josephine County, Oregon, community leaders have enacted new taxes to support basic services in a rural area with fiercely anti-government politics. In Lawrence, Massachusetts, leaders are figuring out how to improve job security and wages in an era of backbreaking poverty for the working class. And a social movement in Detroit, Michigan is pioneering ways to stabilize low-income housing after a wave of foreclosures and housing loss. Our smallest governments shape people’s safety, comfort, and life chances. For decades, these governments have no longer just reflected inequality—they have helped drive it. But it doesn’t have to be that way. Anderson argues that a new generation of local leaders are figuring out how to turn poverty traps back into gateway cities.

180 Days of Problem Solving for First Grade: Practice, Assess, Diagnose

180 Days of Problem Solving for First Grade: Practice, Assess, Diagnose Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stark, Kristy
Editor: Shell Education
ISBN: 1618137573
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180 Days of Problem Solving for First Grade: Practice, Assess, Diagnose by Stark, Kristy Summary

Take your students on a year-round problem-solving adventure with thematic units that hone in on the key skills needed to meet today's standards. With the changes in mathematics, teachers need a tool to help them implement lessons that provide a deeper understanding of math concepts. The 180 Days of Problem Solving e-Book gives teachers daily opportunities to go beyond routine word problems to strengthen reasoning skills with practice that shows how these skills apply in real-life situations. This incredible resource provides thematic weekly units that connect to standards-aligned skill. Each concept is introduced in a fun and interesting way, engaging students as they build their ability to tackle problems different ways as well as applying these skills to non-routine problems. These easy-to-implement lessons strengthen critical thinking and reasoning skills so that students can feel confident as they approach multi-step, higher-level problems. Aligned with national standards, 180 Days of Problem Solving prepares students for college and career readiness.

Women and Political Inequality in Japan

Women and Political Inequality in Japan Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mikiko Eto
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000283208
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Women and Political Inequality in Japan by Mikiko Eto Summary

Why are there so few Japanese women involved in the political system? In 2019, Japanese women made up 10% of the national Lower House, 21% of the Upper House, and 14% of local assemblies. According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union, this places Japan 164th out of 193 countries when it comes to women’s representation in the legislature. The percentage of women in the Lower House has only increased by fewer than two percentage points since women gained full suffrage and the right to stand for election in Japan in 1946. Eto analyses the various factors that have led to women’s low presence in the Japanese legislature. She evaluates ways in which it might be possible for Japan to catch up and, in doing so, examines how Japanese society continues to perpetuate gender-rigid expectations of people. This text is a valuable study for scholars of Japanese politics and society, and for readers with an interest in the broader issue of the representation of women in politics.

Fairness in Educational and Psychological Testing: Examining Theoretical, Research, Practice, and Policy Implications of the 2014 Standards

Fairness in Educational and Psychological Testing: Examining Theoretical, Research, Practice, and Policy Implications of the 2014 Standards Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jessica L. Jonson,Kurt F. Geisinger
Editor: American Educational Research Association
ISBN: 0935302972
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Fairness in Educational and Psychological Testing: Examining Theoretical, Research, Practice, and Policy Implications of the 2014 Standards by Jessica L. Jonson,Kurt F. Geisinger Summary

This book examines scholarship, best practice methodologies, and examples of policy and practice from various professional fields in education and psychology to illuminate the elevated emphasis on test fairness in the 2014 Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. Together, the chapters provide a survey of critical and current issues with a view to broadening and contextualizing the fairness guidelines for different types of tests, test takers, and testing contexts. Researchers and practitioners from school psychology, clinical/counseling psychology, industrial/organizational psychology, and education will find the content useful in thinking more acutely about fairness in testing in their work. The book also has chapters that address implications for policy makers, and, in some cases, the public. These discussions are offered as a starting point for future scholarship on the theoretical, empirical, and applied aspects of fairness in testing particularly given the ever-increasing importance of addressing equity in testing.

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