Pdf Lord Of Misrule

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Lord of Misrule

Lord of Misrule Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1440660859
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Lord of Misrule by Summary

In the college town of Morganville, vampires and humans coexist in (relatively) bloodless harmony. Then comes Bishop, the master vampire who threatens to abolish all order, revive the forces of the evil dead, and let chaos rule. But Bishop isn’t the only threat. Violent black cyclone clouds hover, promising a storm of devastating proportions as student Claire Danvers and her friends prepare to defend Morganville against elements both natural and unnatural. Watch a Windows Media trailer for this book.

The Legacy of Marxism

The Legacy of Marxism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Matthew Johnson
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441113517
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The Legacy of Marxism by Matthew Johnson Summary

Marx's influence is evident in a range of often incompatible and contradictory political movements and intellectual approaches. With a number of those movements now discredited by the experience of 'really existing socialism', and the academic left gravitating towards approaches which eschew 'authoritarian', 'essentialist' and 'ethnocentric' elements of orthodox Marxism, the relevance of Marx has been called into question. Featuring chapters by Norman Geras, Joseph Femia, Alan Johnson, Paul Bowman, Ronaldo Munck, Lawrence Wilde, Mark Cowling, Chengyi Peng, Terrell Carver, Oliver Harrison and Stuart Sim, this book is an attempt to examine means by which the left can make real, substantive and positive contributions to contemporary debate. The collection examines such topics as: the meaning of Marxism and pluralism within the left; Marxism's scientific credentials; Žižek, revolution, democracy and cultural studies; the politics of development; the relationship between Marxism and global capitalism; the global justice debate and Marx's rejection of moral discourse; the analysis of crime and criminal justice; Chinese society and constitutional diversity, and the relationship between Marxism and post-Marxism.

Lords of Misrule

Lords of Misrule Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Gill
Editor: Univ. Press of Mississippi
ISBN: 9781604736380
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Lords of Misrule by James Gill Summary

"Mardi Gras remains one of the most distinctive features of New Orleans. Although the city has celerated Carnival since its days as a French and Spanish colonial outpost, the rituals familiar today were largely established in the Civil War era by a white male elite." -- back cover.

Capitalism's Last Stand?

Capitalism's Last Stand? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Walden Bello
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1780320485
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Capitalism's Last Stand? by Walden Bello Summary

'Walden Bello is the world's leading no-nonsense revolutionary.' - Naomi Klein, author of The Shock Doctrine In this eye-opening and often scathing book, Walden Bello provides a forensic dissection of contemporary capitalism's multiple crises. Trenchant but constructive, Bello's analysis of the collapse of the global real economy, covering such issues as the Wall Street meltdown, the disintegration of the Greek economy, and the rise of China, emphasizes the ever more pressing need to engage in a radical process of deglobalization towards a decentralized, pluralistic world system. Only then will we be able to construct a fairer and more equitable society. A stirring call to arms for all those interested in global economic justice.

Misrule

Misrule Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Heather Walter
Editor: Del Rey
ISBN: 1984818694
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Misrule by Heather Walter Summary

Does true love break curses or begin them? The dark sorceress of “Sleeping Beauty” reclaims her story in this sequel to Malice. “Fans of reimagined fairy tales and LGBTQ+ themes will be delighted with the conclusion of this fantasy duology.”—Booklist (starred review) The Dark Grace is dead. Feared and despised for the sinister power in her veins, Alyce wreaks her revenge on the kingdom that made her an outcast. Once a realm of decadence and beauty, Briar is now wholly Alyce’s wicked domain. And no one will escape the consequences of her wrath. Not even the one person who holds her heart. Princess Aurora saw through Alyce’s thorny facade, earning a love that promised the dawn of a new age. But it is a love that came with a heavy price: Aurora now sleeps under a curse that even Alyce’s vast power cannot seem to break. And the dream of the world they would have built together is nothing but ash. Alyce vows to do anything to wake the woman she loves, even if it means turning into the monster Briar believes her to be. But could Aurora love the villain Alyce has become? Or is true love only for fairy tales? Book Two of the Malice Duology

Deconstructing the Reconstruction

Deconstructing the Reconstruction Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dina Francesca Haynes
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351945882
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Deconstructing the Reconstruction by Dina Francesca Haynes Summary

Bringing together a range of contributors from multiple countries, this interdisciplinary volume offers a unique field view of the rule of law and human rights reform in the reconciliation and reconstruction process. The contributors all worked in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the ten years after the Dayton Peace Accords were signed; here they pause to analyze and critique the work they did. The contributors offer insights from within a variety of international organizations, including the Office of the High Representative, the Organization for Security and Cooperation and Europe, and the United Nations. Allowing those who were in the field to identify, discuss and reflect upon the programmes and policies, the collection reveals how the programmes were created, what laws they were pursuant to, and what alternatives were rejected and why. The authors not only assess both the positive and negative aspects and outcomes of their work, but also comment on lessons learned for future post-conflict reconstruction scenarios.

Paradise lost

Paradise lost Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Milton
Editor: MVR
ISBN:
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Paradise lost by John Milton Summary

Paradise Lost is John Milton's elaboration of Genesis into an epic poem. The poem begins with Milton's invocation to a muse for help. The action switches to hell, where Satan and his followers have been banished from heaven after trying to rebel against God. Bitter, they try to make the best of things by building the palace Pandemonium, all the while plotting whether to get revenge against God by war or trickery. After much debate, they finally decide to try to sabotage the new world of earth and mortal man that God has created. Satan sets off for earth, and meets his offspring, Sin and Death, at the gate of hell. They let him pass, and he journeys onward. Meanwhile, God sees Satan approaching earth and predicts the fall of man. When no one else does, God's Son offers to sacrifice himself to save man.

Mirrors

Mirrors Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eduardo Galeano
Editor: Bold Type Books
ISBN: 0786744707
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Mirrors by Eduardo Galeano Summary

Throughout his career, Eduardo Galeano has turned our understanding of history and reality on its head. Isabelle Allende said his works “invade the reader's mind, to persuade him or her to surrender to the charm of his writing and power of his idealism.” Mirrors, Galeano's most ambitious project since Memory of Fire, is an unofficial history of the world seen through history's unseen, unheard, and forgotten. As Galeano notes: “Official history has it that Vasco Núñez de Balboa was the first man to see, from a summit in Panama, the two oceans at once. Were the people who lived there blind??” Recalling the lives of artists, writers, gods, and visionaries, from the Garden of Eden to twenty-first-century New York, of the black slaves who built the White House and the women erased by men's fears, and told in hundreds of kaleidoscopic vignettes, Mirrors is a magic mosaic of our humanity.

Histoire du communisme et du marxisme-léninisme: Des débuts au déclin

Histoire du communisme et du marxisme-léninisme: Des débuts au déclin Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
ISBN:
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Histoire du communisme et du marxisme-léninisme: Des débuts au déclin by Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers Summary

L'histoire du communisme englobe une grande variété d'idéologies et de mouvements politiques partageant les valeurs théoriques fondamentales de la propriété commune de la richesse, de l'entreprise économique et de la propriété. La plupart des formes modernes de communisme sont fondées au moins nominalement sur le marxisme, une théorie et une méthode conçues par Karl Marx au XIXe siècle. En 1985, un tiers de la population mondiale vivait sous un système de gouvernement marxiste-léniniste sous une forme ou une autre. Cependant, il y avait un débat significatif parmi les idéologues communistes et marxistes sur la question de savoir si la plupart de ces pays pouvaient être considérés comme marxistes de manière significative, car bon nombre des composants de base du système marxiste ont été modifiés et révisés par ces pays.L'incapacité de ces gouvernements à être à la hauteur de l'idéal d'une société communiste ainsi que leur tendance générale à un autoritarisme croissant a été liée au déclin du communisme à la fin du XXe siècle.

A Fine Balance

A Fine Balance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rohinton Mistry
Editor: McClelland & Stewart
ISBN: 1551991381
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A Fine Balance by Rohinton Mistry Summary

A Fine Balance, Rohinton Mistry’s stunning internationally acclaimed bestseller, is set in mid-1970s India. It tells the story of four unlikely people whose lives come together during a time of political turmoil soon after the government declares a “State of Internal Emergency.” Through days of bleakness and hope, their circumstances – and their fates – become inextricably linked in ways no one could have foreseen. Mistry’s prose is alive with enduring images and a cast of unforgettable characters. Written with compassion, humour, and insight, A Fine Balance is a vivid, richly textured, and powerful novel written by one of the most gifted writers of our time.

The Dawn Watch

The Dawn Watch Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Maya Jasanoff
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 0698137477
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The Dawn Watch by Maya Jasanoff Summary

“Enlightening, compassionate, superb” —John Le Carré Winner of the 2018 Cundhill History Prize A New York Times Book Review Notable Book of 2017 One of the New York Times 100 Notable Books of 2017 A visionary exploration of the life and times of Joseph Conrad, his turbulent age of globalization and our own, from one of the most exciting young historians writing today Migration, terrorism, the tensions between global capitalism and nationalism, and a communications revolution: these forces shaped Joseph Conrad’s destiny at the dawn of the twentieth century. In this brilliant new interpretation of one of the great voices in modern literature, Maya Jasanoff reveals Conrad as a prophet of globalization. As an immigrant from Poland to England, and in travels from Malaya to Congo to the Caribbean, Conrad navigated an interconnected world, and captured it in a literary oeuvre of extraordinary depth. His life story delivers a history of globalization from the inside out, and reflects powerfully on the aspirations and challenges of the modern world. Joseph Conrad was born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski in 1857, to Polish parents in the Russian Empire. At sixteen he left the landlocked heart of Europe to become a sailor, and for the next twenty years travelled the world’s oceans before settling permanently in England as an author. He saw the surging, competitive "new imperialism" that planted a flag in almost every populated part of the globe. He got a close look, too, at the places “beyond the end of telegraph cables and mail-boat lines,” and the hypocrisy of the west’s most cherished ideals. In a compelling blend of history, biography, and travelogue, Maya Jasanoff follows Conrad’s routes and the stories of his four greatest works—The Secret Agent, Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness, and Nostromo. Genre-bending, intellectually thrilling, and deeply humane, The Dawn Watch embarks on a spell-binding expedition into the dark heart of Conrad’s world—and through it to our own.

共産主義とマルクス・レーニン主義の歴史:その始まりから衰退まで

共産主義とマルクス・レーニン主義の歴史:その始まりから衰退まで Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
ISBN:
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共産主義とマルクス・レーニン主義の歴史:その始まりから衰退まで by Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor Summary

共産主義の歴史は、富、経済企業、財産の共有のコア理論的価値を共有する多種多様なイデオロギーと政治運動を網羅しています。現代の共産主義のほとんどは、少なくとも名目上は、19世紀にカール・マルクスによって考案された理論と方法であるマルクス主義に基づいています。 1985年までに、世界の人口の3分の1は、何らかの形でマルクス・レーニン主義の政府システムの下で生活していました。しかし、共産主義とマルクス主義のイデオロギーの間では、マルクス主義システムの基本的な構成要素の多くがそのような国によって変更および改訂されたため、これらの国のほとんどが意味のあるマルクス主義と見なされるかどうかについて大きな議論がありました。これらの政府が共産主義社会の理想を実現できなかったこと、および権威主義を強めるという一般的な傾向は、20世紀後半の共産主義の衰退と関連しています。

Christmas in the Crosshairs

Christmas in the Crosshairs Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gerry Bowler
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190499028
FileSize: 1896kb
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Christmas in the Crosshairs by Gerry Bowler Summary

An Anglican priest hands out brass knuckles to his congregation, preparing to battle anti-Christmas fanatics. Fascists insist that the Winter Solstice is the real Christmas, while Communists stage atheist musicals outside of churches on Christmas Eve. Activists vandalize shops that start touting the holiday in October and anti-consumerists sing parody carols in shopping malls. Is there a war on Christmas? As Gerry Bowler demonstrates in Christmas in the Crosshairs, there is and always has been a war, or several wars, on Christmas. A cherished global phenomenon, Christmas is the biggest single event on the planet. For Christians it is the second-most sacred date on the calendar, but it also engages billions of people who are caught up in its commercialism, music, sentiment, travel, and frenetic busyness. Since its controversial invention in the Roman Empire, Christmas has struggled with paganism, popular culture, and fierce Christian opposition; faced abolition in Scotland and New England; and braved neglect and near-death in the 1700s, only to be miraculously reinvented in the 1800s. The twentieth century saw it banned by Bolsheviks and twisted by Nazis. Since then, special interest groups of every stripe have used the holiday's massive popularity to draw attention to their causes. Christmas in the Crosshairs tells the story of the tug-of-war over Christmas, replete with cross-dressing priests, ranting Puritans, and atheist witches. In this eye-opening history of Christmas and its opponents from the beginning up to the present day, Bowler gives us a shocking, and richly entertaining, new look at the tradition we thought we knew so well.

The Pillars of the Earth

The Pillars of the Earth Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ken Follett
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101442190
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The Pillars of the Earth by Ken Follett Summary

#1 New York Times Bestseller Oprah's Book Club Selection The “extraordinary . . . monumental masterpiece” (Booklist) that changed the course of Ken Follett’s already phenomenal career—and begins where its prequel, The Evening and the Morning, ended. “Follett risks all and comes out a clear winner,” extolled Publishers Weekly on the release of The Pillars of the Earth. A departure for the bestselling thriller writer, the historical epic stunned readers and critics alike with its ambitious scope and gripping humanity. Today, it stands as a testament to Follett’s unassailable command of the written word and to his universal appeal. The Pillars of the Earth tells the story of Philip, prior of Kingsbridge, a devout and resourceful monk driven to build the greatest Gothic cathedral the world has known . . . of Tom, the mason who becomes his architect—a man divided in his soul . . . of the beautiful, elusive Lady Aliena, haunted by a secret shame . . . and of a struggle between good and evil that will turn church against state and brother against brother. A spellbinding epic tale of ambition, anarchy, and absolute power set against the sprawling medieval canvas of twelfth-century England, this is Ken Follett’s historical masterpiece.

Christianity and Violence in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period

Christianity and Violence in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Fernanda Alfieri,Takashi Jinno
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110643979
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Christianity and Violence in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period by Fernanda Alfieri,Takashi Jinno Summary

The volume explores the relationship between religion and violence in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Early modern period, involving European and Japanese scholars. It investigates the ideological foundations of the relationship between violence and religion and their development in a varied corpus of sources (political and theological treatises, correspondence of missionaries, pamphlets, and images).

Madness and Civilization

Madness and Civilization Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michel Foucault
Editor: Vintage
ISBN: 0307833100
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Madness and Civilization by Michel Foucault Summary

Michel Foucault examines the archeology of madness in the West from 1500 to 1800 - from the late Middle Ages, when insanity was still considered part of everyday life and fools and lunatics walked the streets freely, to the time when such people began to be considered a threat, asylums were first built, and walls were erected between the "insane" and the rest of humanity.

Kommunismin ja marxilais-leninismin historia: Alusta romahtamiseen

Kommunismin ja marxilais-leninismin historia: Alusta romahtamiseen Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
ISBN:
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Kommunismin ja marxilais-leninismin historia: Alusta romahtamiseen by Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers Summary

Kommunismin historia käsittää laajan valikoiman ideologioita ja poliittisia liikkeitä, jotka jakavat rikkauden, taloudellisen yrityksen ja omaisuuden yhteisen omistamisen teoreettiset perusarvot. Useimmat modernit kommunismin muodot perustuvat ainakin nimellisesti marxilaisuuteen, teoriaan ja menetelmään, jonka Karl Marx suunnitteli 1800-luvulla. Vuoteen 1985 mennessä kolmasosa maailman väestöstä asui jossakin muodossa marxilais-leninistisessä hallintojärjestelmässä. Kommunististen ja marxilaisten ideologien välillä käytiin kuitenkin merkittävää keskustelua siitä, voidaanko suurinta osaa näistä maista pitää merkityksellisenä marxilaisina ollenkaan, koska tällaiset maat muuttivat ja tarkistivat monia marxilaisen järjestelmän peruskomponentteja.Näiden hallitusten epäonnistuminen kommunistisen yhteiskunnan ihanteiden täyttämisessä sekä niiden yleinen suuntaus kohti autoritaarisuuden lisääntymistä on liitetty kommunismin romahtamiseen 1900-luvun lopulla.

Komünizm ve Marksizm-Leninizm Tarihi: Başlangıcından Düşüşe

Komünizm ve Marksizm-Leninizm Tarihi: Başlangıcından Düşüşe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
ISBN:
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Komünizm ve Marksizm-Leninizm Tarihi: Başlangıcından Düşüşe by Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor Summary

Komünizmin tarihi, refah, ekonomik girişim ve mülkiyetin ortak mülkiyetinin temel teorik değerlerini paylaşan çok çeşitli ideolojileri ve politik hareketleri kapsar. Modern komünizm biçimlerinin çoğu, 19. Yüzyılda Karl Marx tarafından tasarlanan bir teori ve yöntem olan Marksizm'e en azından nominal olarak dayanmaktadır. 1985'e gelindiğinde dünya nüfusunun üçte biri şu ya da bu şekilde Marksist-Leninist bir hükümet sistemi altında yaşıyordu. Ancak komünist ve Marksist ideologlar arasında, Marksist sistemin temel bileşenlerinin çoğu bu ülkeler tarafından değiştirildiği ve revize edildiği için, bu ülkelerin çoğunun anlamlı bir şekilde Marksist olarak kabul edilip edilemeyeceği konusunda önemli tartışmalar vardı.Bu hükümetlerin komünist bir toplum idealine uygun şekilde yaşayamamaları ve otoriterliği artırma yönündeki genel eğilimleri, 20. Yüzyılın sonlarında komünizmin gerilemesi ile ilişkilendirilmiştir.

A Christmas Cornucopia

A Christmas Cornucopia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark Forsyth
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 024197755X
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A Christmas Cornucopia by Mark Forsyth Summary

The unpredictable origins and etymologies of our cracking Christmas customs For something that happens every year of our lives, we really don't know much about Christmas. We don't know that the date we celebrate was chosen by a madman, or that Christmas, etymologically speaking, means "Go away, Christ". Nor do we know that Christmas was first celebrated in 243 AD on March 28th - and only moved to 25th December in 354 AD. We're oblivious to the fact that the advent calendar was actually invented by a Munich housewife to stop her children pestering her for a Christmas countdown. And we would never have guessed that the invention of crackers was merely a way of popularising sweet wrappers. Luckily, like a gift from Santa himself, Mark Forsyth is here to unwrap this fundamentally funny gallimaufry of traditions and oddities, making it all finally make sense - in his wonderfully entertaining wordy way.

Ιστορία του κομμουνισμού και του μαρξισμού-λενινισμού: από τις αρχές του έως την παρακμή

Ιστορία του κομμουνισμού και του μαρξισμού-λενινισμού: από τις αρχές του έως την παρακμή Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
ISBN:
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Ιστορία του κομμουνισμού και του μαρξισμού-λενινισμού: από τις αρχές του έως την παρακμή by Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor Summary

Η ιστορία του κομμουνισμού περιλαμβάνει μια μεγάλη ποικιλία ιδεολογιών και πολιτικών κινημάτων που μοιράζονται τις βασικές θεωρητικές αξίες της κοινής ιδιοκτησίας του πλούτου, της οικονομικής επιχείρησης και της ιδιοκτησίας. οι περισσότερες σύγχρονες μορφές κομμουνισμού στηρίζονται τουλάχιστον ονομαστικά στον μαρξισμό, μια θεωρία και μέθοδο που σχεδιάστηκε από τον Karl Marx κατά τον 19ο αιώνα. μέχρι το 1985, το ένα τρίτο του παγκόσμιου πληθυσμού ζούσε κάτω από ένα μαρξιστικό - λενινιστικό σύστημα διακυβέρνησης με τη μία ή την άλλη μορφή. ωστόσο, υπήρξε σημαντική συζήτηση μεταξύ κομμουνιστικών και μαρξιστικών ιδεολόγων σχετικά με το εάν οι περισσότερες από αυτές τις χώρες θα μπορούσαν να θεωρηθούν ουσιαστικά μαρξιστές καθόσον πολλά από τα βασικά συστατικά του μαρξιστικού συστήματος τροποποιήθηκαν και αναθεωρήθηκαν από τέτοιες χώρες.Η αποτυχία αυτών των κυβερνήσεων να ανταποκριθούν στο ιδανικό μιας κομμουνιστικής κοινωνίας, καθώς και η γενική τους τάση για αύξηση του αυταρχισμού, συνδέθηκε με την παρακμή του κομμουνισμού στα τέλη του 20ού αιώνα.

Kommunismi ja marksismi-leninismi ajalugu: Selle algusest languseni

Kommunismi ja marksismi-leninismi ajalugu: Selle algusest languseni Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
ISBN:
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Kommunismi ja marksismi-leninismi ajalugu: Selle algusest languseni by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Kommunismi ajalugu hõlmab paljusid erinevaid ideoloogiaid ja poliitilisi liikumisi, mis jagavad teoreetilisi põhiväärtusi - rikkuse, majandusettevõtluse ja vara ühisomand. Enamik kaasaegseid kommunismi vorme põhineb vähemalt nominaalselt marksismil, teoorial ja meetodil, mille Karl Marx mõtles välja 19. Sajandi jooksul. 1985. Aastaks elas kolmandik maailma elanikkonnast ühel või teisel kujul marksistlik-leninlikus valitsemissüsteemis. Kommunistlike ja marksistlike ideoloogide vahel oli siiski märkimisväärne arutelu selle üle, kas enamikku neist riikidest võiks üldse mõttekalt pidada marksistlikeks, kuna sellised riigid muutsid ja muutsid paljusid marksistliku süsteemi põhikomponente.Nende valitsuste suutmatus täita kommunistliku ühiskonna ideaali ja nende üldine suundumus üha suureneva autoritaarsuse poole on seotud 20. Sajandi lõpu kommunismi langusega.

Kommunismens och marxismens-leninismens historia: Från dess början till nedgång

Kommunismens och marxismens-leninismens historia: Från dess början till nedgång Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
ISBN:
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Kommunismens och marxismens-leninismens historia: Från dess början till nedgång by Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor Summary

Kommunismens historia omfattar en mängd olika ideologier och politiska rörelser som delar de grundläggande teoretiska värdena för gemensamt ägande av rikedom, ekonomiskt företag och egendom. De flesta moderna former av kommunism grundas åtminstone nominellt i marxismen, en teori och metod som Karl Marx uppfattade under 1800-talet. 1985 bodde en tredjedel av världens befolkning under ett marxist-leninistiskt regeringssystem i en eller annan form. Det fanns emellertid en betydande debatt bland kommunistiska och marxistiska ideologer om huruvida de flesta av dessa länder alls skulle kunna betraktas som marxistiska eftersom många av de grundläggande komponenterna i det marxistiska systemet ändrades och reviderades av sådana länder.Dessa regeringars misslyckande med att leva upp till idealet för ett kommunistiskt samhälle liksom deras allmänna trend mot ökande auktoritärism har kopplats till kommunismens nedgång i slutet av 1900-talet.

Historie om kommunisme og marxisme-leninisme: Fra begynnelsen til nedgangen

Historie om kommunisme og marxisme-leninisme: Fra begynnelsen til nedgangen Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers
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Historie om kommunisme og marxisme-leninisme: Fra begynnelsen til nedgangen by Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers Summary

Kommunismens historie omfatter et bredt spekter av ideologier og politiske bevegelser som deler de grunnleggende teoretiske verdiene av felles eierskap til rikdom, økonomisk virksomhet og eiendom. De fleste moderne former for kommunisme er forankret i det minste nominelt i marxismen, en teori og metode oppfattet av Karl Marx i løpet av 1800-tallet. I 1985 levde en tredjedel av verdens befolkning under et marxistisk-leninistisk regjeringssystem i en eller annen form. Imidlertid var det betydelig debatt blant kommunistiske og marxistiske ideologer om hvorvidt de fleste av disse landene i det hele tatt kunne betraktes som marxistiske, siden mange av de grunnleggende komponentene i det marxistiske systemet ble endret og revidert av slike land.Disse regjeringers svikt i å leve opp til idealet til et kommunistisk samfunn, så vel som deres generelle trend mot økende autoritærisme, har vært knyttet til kommunismens tilbakegang på slutten av 1900-tallet.

História do comunismo e do marxismo-leninismo: Do início ao declínio

História do comunismo e do marxismo-leninismo: Do início ao declínio Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers
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História do comunismo e do marxismo-leninismo: Do início ao declínio by Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers Summary

A história do comunismo abrange uma ampla variedade de ideologias e movimentos políticos que compartilham os valores teóricos centrais da propriedade comum da riqueza, do empreendimento econômico e da propriedade. A maioria das formas modernas de comunismo está fundamentada pelo menos nominalmente no marxismo, uma teoria e método concebidos por Karl Marx durante o século XIX. Em 1985, um terço da população mundial vivia sob um sistema de governo marxista-leninista de uma forma ou de outra. No entanto, houve um debate significativo entre ideólogos comunistas e marxistas sobre se a maioria desses países poderia ser considerada marxista de forma significativa, uma vez que muitos dos componentes básicos do sistema marxista foram alterados e revisados por esses países.O fracasso desses governos em viver de acordo com o ideal de uma sociedade comunista, bem como sua tendência geral de aumentar o autoritarismo, está ligada ao declínio do comunismo no final do século XX.

Sejarah Komunisme dan Marxisme-Leninisme: Dari Awal ke Penurunan

Sejarah Komunisme dan Marxisme-Leninisme: Dari Awal ke Penurunan Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
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Sejarah Komunisme dan Marxisme-Leninisme: Dari Awal ke Penurunan by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Sejarah komunisme mencakup berbagai macam ideologi dan gerakan politik yang berbagi nilai-nilai teoritis inti dari kepemilikan bersama atas kekayaan, usaha ekonomi dan properti. Sebagian besar bentuk komunisme modern didasarkan setidaknya secara nominal dalam Marxisme, sebuah teori dan metode yang dikandung oleh Karl Marx selama abad ke-19. Pada tahun 1985, sepertiga dari populasi dunia hidup di bawah sistem pemerintahan Marxis-Leninis dalam satu atau lain bentuk. Namun, ada perdebatan signifikan di antara para ideolog komunis dan Marxis mengenai apakah sebagian besar negara ini dapat dianggap Marxis secara bermakna karena banyak komponen dasar dari sistem Marxis diubah dan direvisi oleh negara-negara tersebut.Kegagalan pemerintah-pemerintah ini untuk memenuhi cita-cita masyarakat komunis serta kecenderungan umum mereka menuju peningkatan otoritarianisme telah dikaitkan dengan penurunan komunisme di akhir abad ke-20.

Saga kommúnisma og marxisma-lenínismi: Frá upphafi til hnignunar

Saga kommúnisma og marxisma-lenínismi: Frá upphafi til hnignunar Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
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Saga kommúnisma og marxisma-lenínismi: Frá upphafi til hnignunar by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Saga kommúnismans nær til margs konar hugmyndafræði og stjórnmálahreyfinga sem deila megin fræðilegum gildum sameiginlegs eignarhalds á auð, efnahagslegu framtaki og eignum. Flest nútímaform kommúnismans eru byggð að minnsta kosti að nafninu til Marxismi, kenning og aðferð sem Karl Marx hugsaði á 19. Öld. Árið 1985 bjó þriðjungur jarðarbúa undir stjórnkerfi marxista og lenínista í einni eða annarri mynd. Hins vegar urðu verulegar umræður meðal kommúnista og marxískra hugmyndafræðinga um það hvort flest þessara landa gætu yfirleitt talist markvisst marxísk þar sem mörgum af grunnþáttum marxíska kerfisins var breytt og endurskoðað af slíkum löndum.Brestur þessara ríkisstjórna við að uppfylla hugsjón kommúnistasamfélagsins sem og almenna þróun þeirra í átt til aukinnar forræðishyggju hefur verið tengd hnignun kommúnismans seint á 20. Öld.

Sejarah Komunisme dan Marxisme-Leninisme: Dari Permulaannya hingga Menurun

Sejarah Komunisme dan Marxisme-Leninisme: Dari Permulaannya hingga Menurun Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
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Sejarah Komunisme dan Marxisme-Leninisme: Dari Permulaannya hingga Menurun by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Sejarah komunisme merangkumi pelbagai ideologi dan gerakan politik yang berkongsi nilai-nilai teoritis teras pemilikan bersama kekayaan, perusahaan ekonomi dan harta benda. Sebilangan besar bentuk komunisme moden didasarkan pada sekurang-kurangnya secara nominal dalam Marxisme, sebuah teori dan kaedah yang difikirkan oleh Karl Marx pada abad ke-19. Menjelang tahun 1985, satu pertiga penduduk dunia hidup di bawah sistem pemerintahan Marxis – Leninis dalam satu bentuk atau bentuk yang lain. Walau bagaimanapun, terdapat perdebatan yang signifikan di antara ideologi komunis dan Marxis mengenai apakah kebanyakan negara ini dapat dianggap sebagai Marxis sama sekali kerana banyak komponen asas sistem Marxis diubah dan diperbaiki oleh negara-negara tersebut.Kegagalan pemerintah-pemerintah ini untuk memenuhi cita-cita masyarakat komunis serta kecenderungan umum mereka terhadap peningkatan autoritarianisme telah dikaitkan dengan penurunan komunisme pada akhir abad ke-20.

A kommunizmus és a marxizmus-leninizmus története: A kezdetektől a hanyatlásig

A kommunizmus és a marxizmus-leninizmus története: A kezdetektől a hanyatlásig Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
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A kommunizmus és a marxizmus-leninizmus története: A kezdetektől a hanyatlásig by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

A kommunizmus története sokféle ideológiát és politikai mozgalmat ölel fel, amelyek megosztják a vagyon, a gazdasági vállalkozás és a tulajdon közös tulajdonjogának elméleti alapértékeit. A kommunizmus legtöbb modern formája legalább névlegesen a marxizmusra épül, amely elmélet és módszer Karl Marx által a 19. Század folyamán született. 1985-re a világ népességének egyharmada marxista – leninista kormányzati rendszerben élt ilyen vagy olyan formában. Jelentős vita alakult ki azonban a kommunista és a marxista ideológusok között arról, hogy ezeknek az országoknak a nagy része egyáltalán értelmezhető-e marxistának, mivel a marxista rendszer számos alapvető elemét ezek az országok megváltoztatták és felülvizsgálták.Ezeknek a kormányoknak az a kudarca, hogy megfeleljenek a kommunista társadalom eszményeinek, valamint a növekvő tekintélyelvűség irányába mutató tendencia a 20. Század végén a kommunizmus hanyatlásával függ össze.

Kommunismens og marxismen-leninismens historie: Fra dens begyndelse til tilbagegang

Kommunismens og marxismen-leninismens historie: Fra dens begyndelse til tilbagegang Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers
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Kommunismens og marxismen-leninismens historie: Fra dens begyndelse til tilbagegang by Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers Summary

Kommunismens historie omfatter en bred vifte af ideologier og politiske bevægelser, der deler de grundlæggende teoretiske værdier af fælles ejerskab af rigdom, økonomisk virksomhed og ejendom. De fleste moderne former for kommunisme er i det mindste baseret på marxismen, en teori og metode udtænkt af Karl Marx i det 19. århundrede. I 1985 levede en tredjedel af verdens befolkning under et marxistisk-leninistisk regeringssystem i en eller anden form. Der var imidlertid betydelig debat blandt kommunistiske og marxistiske ideologer om, hvorvidt de fleste af disse lande overhovedet kunne betragtes som marxistiske, da mange af de grundlæggende komponenter i det marxistiske system blev ændret og revideret af sådanne lande.Disse regerings manglende evne til at leve op til et kommunistisk samfunds ideal såvel som deres generelle tendens mod stigende autoritarisme har været knyttet til kommunismens tilbagegang i slutningen af det 20. århundrede.

Lịch sử của chủ nghĩa cộng sản và chủ nghĩa Mác-Lênin: Từ sự khởi đầu đến suy tàn của nó

Lịch sử của chủ nghĩa cộng sản và chủ nghĩa Mác-Lênin: Từ sự khởi đầu đến suy tàn của nó Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
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Lịch sử của chủ nghĩa cộng sản và chủ nghĩa Mác-Lênin: Từ sự khởi đầu đến suy tàn của nó by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Lịch sử của chủ nghĩa cộng sản bao gồm rất nhiều hệ tư tưởng và phong trào chính trị chia sẻ các giá trị lý thuyết cốt lõi về sở hữu chung của cải, doanh nghiệp kinh tế và tài sản. Hầu hết các hình thức chủ nghĩa cộng sản hiện đại ít nhất là dựa trên danh nghĩa của chủ nghĩa Marx, một lý thuyết và phương pháp được Karl Marx hình thành trong thế kỷ 19. Đến năm 1985, một phần ba dân số thế giới sống dưới một hệ thống chính quyền theo chủ nghĩa Mác-Lênin dưới hình thức này hay hình thức khác. Tuy nhiên, đã có một cuộc tranh luận đáng kể giữa các hệ tư tưởng cộng sản và chủ nghĩa Mác về việc liệu hầu hết các quốc gia này có thể được coi là chủ nghĩa Mác một cách có ý nghĩa hay không vì nhiều thành phần cơ bản của hệ thống chủ nghĩa Mác đã được các nước đó thay đổi và sửa đổi.Sự thất bại của các chính phủ này trong việc tuân theo lý tưởng về một xã hội cộng sản cũng như xu hướng chung của họ đối với chủ nghĩa độc tài ngày càng gia tăng có liên quan đến sự suy tàn của chủ nghĩa cộng sản vào cuối thế kỷ 20.

История на комунизма и марксизма-ленинизъм: от началото до упадъка

История на комунизма и марксизма-ленинизъм: от началото до упадъка Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
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История на комунизма и марксизма-ленинизъм: от началото до упадъка by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Историята на комунизма обхваща голямо разнообразие от идеологии и политически движения, споделящи основните теоретични ценности на общата собственост върху богатството, икономическото предприятие и собствеността. повечето съвременни форми на комунизъм се основават поне номинално на марксизма, теория и метод, замислени от Карл Маркс през 19 век. към 1985 г. една трета от световното население живее под марксистко-ленинска система на управление под една или друга форма. между комунистическите и марксистките идеолози обаче се водеше значителен дебат за това дали повечето от тези страни изобщо могат да бъдат считани по смисъл за марксистки, тъй като много от основните компоненти на марксистката система бяха променени и ревизирани от такива страни.Неуспехът на тези правителства да изпълнят идеала на комунистическото общество, както и общата им тенденция към увеличаване на авторитаризма е свързан с упадъка на комунизма в края на 20-ти век.

Dějiny komunismu a marxismu-leninismu: Od jeho počátků k úpadku

Dějiny komunismu a marxismu-leninismu: Od jeho počátků k úpadku Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor
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Dějiny komunismu a marxismu-leninismu: Od jeho počátků k úpadku by Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor Summary

Dějiny komunismu zahrnují širokou škálu ideologií a politických hnutí sdílejících základní teoretické hodnoty společného vlastnictví bohatství, ekonomického podnikání a majetku. Většina moderních forem komunismu vychází přinejmenším nominálně z marxismu, teorie a metody koncipované Karlem Marxem v průběhu 19. Století. Do roku 1985 jedna třetina světové populace žila v marxisticko-leninském vládním systému v té či oné podobě. Mezi komunistickými a marxistickými ideology však proběhla významná debata o tom, zda lze většinu z těchto zemí vůbec smysluplně považovat za marxistickou, protože tyto země pozměnily a revidovaly mnoho základních složek marxistického systému.Neschopnost těchto vlád naplnit ideál komunistické společnosti, jakož i jejich obecný trend zvyšování autoritářství souvisí s úpadkem komunismu na konci 20. Století.

Storia del comunismo e del marxismo-leninismo: Dagli inizi al declino

Storia del comunismo e del marxismo-leninismo: Dagli inizi al declino Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers
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Storia del comunismo e del marxismo-leninismo: Dagli inizi al declino by Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers Summary

La storia del comunismo comprende un'ampia varietà di ideologie e movimenti politici che condividono i valori teorici fondamentali della proprietà comune della ricchezza, dell'impresa economica e della proprietà. La maggior parte delle forme moderne di comunismo sono fondate almeno nominalmente nel marxismo, una teoria e un metodo concepiti da Karl Marx durante il XIX secolo. Nel 1985, un terzo della popolazione mondiale viveva sotto un sistema di governo marxista-leninista in una forma o nell'altra. Tuttavia, c'è stato un dibattito significativo tra gli ideologi comunisti e marxisti sul fatto che la maggior parte di questi paesi potesse essere considerata significativamente marxista dal momento che molte delle componenti di base del sistema marxista sono state alterate e riviste da tali paesi.L'incapacità di questi governi di essere all'altezza dell'ideale di una società comunista così come la loro tendenza generale verso un crescente autoritarismo è stata collegata al declino del comunismo alla fine del XX secolo.

Geschiedenis van het communisme en het marxisme-leninisme: Vanaf het begin tot verval

Geschiedenis van het communisme en het marxisme-leninisme: Vanaf het begin tot verval Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers
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Geschiedenis van het communisme en het marxisme-leninisme: Vanaf het begin tot verval by Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers Summary

De geschiedenis van het communisme omvat een grote verscheidenheid aan ideologieën en politieke bewegingen die de theoretische kernwaarden delen van gemeenschappelijk bezit van rijkdom, economisch ondernemerschap en eigendom. De meeste moderne vormen van communisme zijn op zijn minst nominaal gebaseerd op het marxisme, een theorie en methode die Karl Marx in de 19e eeuw bedacht. In 1985 leefde een derde van de wereldbevolking onder een marxistisch-leninistisch regeringssysteem in een of andere vorm. Er was echter een aanzienlijk debat onder communistische en marxistische ideologen over de vraag of de meeste van deze landen überhaupt als marxistisch konden worden beschouwd, aangezien veel van de basiscomponenten van het marxistische systeem door dergelijke landen werden gewijzigd en herzien.Het falen van deze regeringen om te voldoen aan het ideaal van een communistische samenleving, evenals hun algemene trend naar toenemend autoritarisme, is in verband gebracht met het verval van het communisme aan het einde van de 20e eeuw.

Komunizmo ir marksizmo-leninizmo istorija: Nuo jo pradžios iki nuosmukio

Komunizmo ir marksizmo-leninizmo istorija: Nuo jo pradžios iki nuosmukio Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
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Komunizmo ir marksizmo-leninizmo istorija: Nuo jo pradžios iki nuosmukio by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Komunizmo istorija apima įvairiausias ideologijas ir politinius judėjimus, kurie dalijasi pagrindinėmis teorinėmis vertybėmis - bendros nuosavybės už turtą, ekonominę įmonę ir nuosavybę. Dauguma šiuolaikinių komunizmo formų bent jau nominaliai remiasi marksizmu - teorija ir metodu, kurį XIX amžiuje sumanė Karlas Marxas. Iki 1985 m. Trečdalis pasaulio gyventojų vienokia ar kitokia forma gyveno pagal marksistinę – leninišką valdžios sistemą. Tačiau tarp komunistų ir marksistų ideologų vyko reikšmingos diskusijos, ar daugumą šių šalių apskritai galima prasmingai laikyti marksistinėmis, nes tokios šalys pakeitė ir peržiūrėjo daugelį pagrindinių marksistinės sistemos komponentų.Šių vyriausybių nesugebėjimas įgyvendinti komunistinės visuomenės idealo ir jų bendra tendencija didinti autoritarizmą buvo siejama su komunizmo nuosmukiu 20-ojo amžiaus pabaigoje.

கம்யூனிசம் மற்றும் மார்க்சியம்-லெனினிசத்தின் வரலாறு: அதன் ஆரம்பத்திலிருந்து சரிவு வரை

கம்யூனிசம் மற்றும் மார்க்சியம்-லெனினிசத்தின் வரலாறு: அதன் ஆரம்பத்திலிருந்து சரிவு வரை Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor
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கம்யூனிசம் மற்றும் மார்க்சியம்-லெனினிசத்தின் வரலாறு: அதன் ஆரம்பத்திலிருந்து சரிவு வரை by Willem Brownstok,Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor Summary

கம்யூனிசத்தின் வரலாறு பல்வேறு வகையான சித்தாந்தங்களையும் அரசியல் இயக்கங்களையும் உள்ளடக்கியது, செல்வம், பொருளாதார நிறுவனம் மற்றும் சொத்துக்களின் பொதுவான உரிமையின் அடிப்படை தத்துவார்த்த மதிப்புகளைப் பகிர்ந்து கொள்கிறது. கம்யூனிசத்தின் பெரும்பாலான நவீன வடிவங்கள் குறைந்தபட்சம் பெயரளவில் மார்க்சியத்தில் அடித்தளமாக உள்ளன, இது 19 ஆம் நூற்றாண்டில் கார்ல் மார்க்ஸால் உருவான ஒரு கோட்பாடு மற்றும் முறை. 1985 வாக்கில், உலக மக்கள்தொகையில் மூன்றில் ஒரு பங்கு ஒரு வடிவத்தில் அல்லது இன்னொரு வடிவத்தில் மார்க்சிச-லெனினிச அரசாங்கத்தின் கீழ் வாழ்ந்தது. எவ்வாறாயினும், மார்க்சிச அமைப்பின் பல அடிப்படை கூறுகள் அத்தகைய நாடுகளால் மாற்றப்பட்டு திருத்தப்பட்டதால், இந்த நாடுகளில் பெரும்பாலானவை மார்க்சியவாதிகளாக அர்த்தமுள்ளதாக கருதப்படலாமா என்பது குறித்து கம்யூனிச மற்றும் மார்க்சிய சித்தாந்தவாதிகள் மத்தியில் குறிப்பிடத்தக்க விவாதம் நடைபெற்றது.இந்த அரசாங்கங்கள் ஒரு கம்யூனிச சமுதாயத்தின் இலட்சியத்திற்கு ஏற்ப வாழத் தவறியதுடன், சர்வாதிகாரத்தை அதிகரிப்பதற்கான அவர்களின் பொதுவான போக்கையும் 20 ஆம் நூற்றாண்டின் பிற்பகுதியில் கம்யூனிசத்தின் வீழ்ச்சியுடன் இணைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.

Povijest komunizma i marksizma-lenjinizma: Od njegovih početaka do propadanja

Povijest komunizma i marksizma-lenjinizma: Od njegovih početaka do propadanja Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
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Povijest komunizma i marksizma-lenjinizma: Od njegovih početaka do propadanja by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Povijest komunizma obuhvaća širok spektar ideologija i političkih pokreta koji dijele temeljne teorijske vrijednosti zajedničkog vlasništva nad bogatstvom, ekonomskim poduzećima i imovinom. Većina modernih oblika komunizma temelji se barem nominalno na marksizmu, teoriji i metodi koju je Karl Marx osmislio tijekom 19. Stoljeća. Do 1985. Godine jedna trećina svjetskog stanovništva živjela je u jednom ili drugom obliku pod marksističko-lenjinističkim sustavom vlasti. Međutim, među komunističkim i marksističkim ideolozima vodila se značajna rasprava o tome mogu li se većina tih zemalja uopće smisleno smatrati marksističkom, jer su takve države izmijenile i revidirale mnoge osnovne sastavnice marksističkog sustava.Neuspjeh ovih vlada da ispune ideal komunističkog društva, kao i njihov opći trend ka povećanju autoritarnosti, povezan je s padom komunizma krajem 20. Stoljeća.

Istoria comunismului și marxism-leninismului: De la începuturile sale până la declin

Istoria comunismului și marxism-leninismului: De la începuturile sale până la declin Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
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Istoria comunismului și marxism-leninismului: De la începuturile sale până la declin by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

Istoria comunismului cuprinde o mare varietate de ideologii și mișcări politice care împărtășesc valorile teoretice esențiale ale proprietății comune a bogăției, a întreprinderii economice și a proprietății. Majoritatea formelor moderne de comunism se bazează cel puțin nominal pe marxism, o teorie și metodă concepute de Karl Marx în secolul al XIX-lea. În 1985, o treime din populația lumii trăia sub un sistem de guvernare marxist-leninist într-o formă sau alta. Cu toate acestea, a existat o dezbatere semnificativă între ideologii comunisti și marxisti cu privire la faptul dacă majoritatea acestor țări ar putea fi considerate în mod semnificativ marxiste, deoarece multe dintre componentele de bază ale sistemului marxist au fost modificate și revizuite de astfel de țări.Eșecul acestor guverne de a respecta idealul unei societăți comuniste, precum și tendința lor generală către creșterea autoritarismului a fost legată de declinul comunismului de la sfârșitul secolului al XX-lea.

ประวัติศาสตร์คอมมิวนิสต์และลัทธิมาร์กซ์ - เลนิน: ตั้งแต่จุดเริ่มต้นจนถึงความเสื่อมโทรม

ประวัติศาสตร์คอมมิวนิสต์และลัทธิมาร์กซ์ - เลนิน: ตั้งแต่จุดเริ่มต้นจนถึงความเสื่อมโทรม Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok
Editor: Cambridge Stanford Books
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ประวัติศาสตร์คอมมิวนิสต์และลัทธิมาร์กซ์ - เลนิน: ตั้งแต่จุดเริ่มต้นจนถึงความเสื่อมโทรม by Martin Bakers,Tobias Lanslor,Willem Brownstok Summary

ประวัติศาสตร์ของลัทธิคอมมิวนิสต์ครอบคลุมถึงอุดมการณ์และการเคลื่อนไหวทางการเมืองที่หลากหลายโดยแบ่งปันคุณค่าทางทฤษฎีหลักของการเป็นเจ้าของความมั่งคั่งองค์กรทางเศรษฐกิจและทรัพย์สินร่วมกัน รูปแบบคอมมิวนิสต์สมัยใหม่ส่วนใหญ่มีรากฐานมาจากลัทธิมาร์กซ์เป็นอย่างน้อยซึ่งเป็นทฤษฎีและวิธีการที่คาร์ลมาร์กซ์คิดขึ้นในช่วงศตวรรษที่ 19 ในปี 1985 ประชากรหนึ่งในสามของโลกอาศัยอยู่ภายใต้ระบบการปกครองแบบมาร์กซิสต์ - เลนินในรูปแบบใดรูปแบบหนึ่ง อย่างไรก็ตามมีการถกเถียงกันอย่างมีนัยสำคัญระหว่างลัทธิคอมมิวนิสต์และลัทธิมาร์กซ์ว่าประเทศเหล่านี้ส่วนใหญ่ถือว่ามาร์กซิสต์อย่างมีความหมายหรือไม่เนื่องจากองค์ประกอบพื้นฐานหลายประการของระบบมาร์กซิสต์ได้รับการเปลี่ยนแปลงและแก้ไขโดยประเทศดังกล่าวความล้มเหลวของรัฐบาลเหล่านี้ในการดำเนินชีวิตตามอุดมคติของสังคมคอมมิวนิสต์ตลอดจนแนวโน้มทั่วไปของพวกเขาที่มีต่อลัทธิเผด็จการที่เพิ่มขึ้นนั้นเชื่อมโยงกับการลดลงของลัทธิคอมมิวนิสต์ในช่วงปลายศตวรรษที่ 20

The Hasheesh Eater

The Hasheesh Eater Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Fitz Hugh Ludlow
Editor: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 081354114X
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The Hasheesh Eater by Fitz Hugh Ludlow Summary

Fitz-Hugh Ludlow was a recent graduate of Union College in Schenectady, New York, when he vividly recorded his hasheesh-induced visions, experiences, adventures, and insights. During the mid-nineteenth century, the drug was a legal remedy for lockjaw and Ludlow had a friend at school from whom he received a ready supply. He consumed such large quantities at each sitting that his hallucinations have been likened to those experienced by opium addicts. Throughout the book, Ludlow colorfully describes his psychedelic journey that led to extended reflections on religion, philosophy, medicine, and culture. First published in 1857, The Hasheesh Eater was the first full-length American example of drug literature. Yet despite the scandal that surrounded it, the book quickly became a huge success. Since then, it has become a cult classic, first among Beat writers in the 1950s and 1960s, and later with San Francisco Bay area hippies in the 1970s. In this first scholarly edition, editor Stephen Rachman positions Ludlow's enduring work as not just a chronicle of drug use but also as a window into the budding American bohemian literary scene. A lucid introduction explores the breadth of Ludlow's classical learning as well as his involvement with the nineteenth-century subculture that included fellow revelers such as Walt Whitman and the pianist Louis Gottshalk. With helpful annotations guiding readers through the text's richly allusive qualities and abundance of references, this edition is ideal for classroom use as well as for general readers.

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