Race Et Histoire

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Argument and Change in World Politics

Argument and Change in World Politics Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Cambridge University Press
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Argument and Change in World Politics by Summary

Arguments have consequences in world politics that are as real as the military forces of states or the balance of power among them. Neta Crawford proposes a theory of argument in world politics which focuses on the role of ethical arguments in fostering changes in long-standing practices. She examines five hundred years of history, analyzing the role of ethical arguments in colonialism, the abolition of slavery and forced labour, and decolonization. Pointing out that decolonization is the biggest change in world politics in the last five hundred years, the author examines ethical arguments from the sixteenth century justifying Spanish conquest of the Americas, and from the twentieth century over the fate of Southern Africa. The book also offers a prescriptive analysis of how ethical arguments could be deployed to deal with the problem of humanitarian intervention. Co-winner of the APSA Jervis-Schroeder Prize for the best book on international history and politics.

Race and History

Race and History Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Claude Levi-Strauss
Editor: Franklin Classics
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Race and History by Claude Levi-Strauss Summary

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Culture and Rights

Culture and Rights Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jane K. Cowan
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781841130484
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Culture and Rights by Jane K. Cowan Summary

Do people everywhere have the same, or even compatible, ideas about multiculturalism, indigenous rights or women's rights? The authors of this book move beyond the traditional terms of the universalism versus cultural relativism debate. Through detailed case studies from around the world (Hawaii, France, Thailand, Botswana, Greece, Nepal and Canada) they explore the concrete effects of rights talk and rights institutions on people's lives.

Race and Slavery in the Middle East

Race and Slavery in the Middle East Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bernard Lewis
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0521793394
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Race and Slavery in the Middle East by Bernard Lewis Summary

From the time of Moses up to the 1960s, slavery was a fact of life in the Middle East. But if the Middle East was the last region to renounce slavery, how do we account for its -- and especially Islam's -- image of racial harmony? This book explores these questions. The research presented in this book was first undertaken as part of a group project on tolerance and intolerance in human societies. The group project was never completed but the material gathered for the project on Islam stimulated the book's study of race and slavery in the Middle East, a subject that appears to have so far encouraged scant study. -- Publisher description.

Claude L vi Strauss

Claude L vi Strauss Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Patrick Wilcken
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 0195053265
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Claude L vi Strauss by Patrick Wilcken Summary

Claude Lévi-Strauss, the 'father of modern anthropology' and author of the classic Tristes tropiques, was one of the most influential intellectuals of the second half of the twentieth century. Dislodging Sartre, Camus and de Beauvoir from the pinnacle of French intellectual life in the 1950s, he brought about a sea change in Western thought and inspired a generation of thinkers and writers, including Michel Foucault, Roland Barthes and Jacques Lacan with his structuralist theories. Lévi-Strauss's bohemian childhood and later studies of the emerging discipline of anthropology in the field and the university led him to mix with intellectuals, artists and poets from all over Europe. Tracing the evolution of his ideas through interviews with the man himself, research into his archives and conversations with contemporary anthropologists, Wilcken explores and explains Lévi-Strauss's theories, revealing an artiste manqué who infused his academic writing with an artistic and poetic sensibility.

Living Tangier

Living Tangier Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Abdelmajid Hannoum
Editor: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9781408817728
FileSize: 1080kb
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Living Tangier by Abdelmajid Hannoum Summary

Since the early 1990s, new migratory patterns have been emerging in the southern Mediterranean. Here, a large number of West Africans and young Moroccans, including minors, make daily attempts to cross to Europe. The Moroccan city of Tangier, because of its proximity to Spain, is one of the main gateways for this migratory movement. It has also become a magnet for middle- and working-class Europeans seeking a more comfortable life. Based on extensive fieldwork, Living Tangier examines the dynamics of transnational migration in a major city of the Global South and studies African "illegal" migration to Europe and European "legal" migration to Morocco, looking at the itineraries of Europeans, West Africans, and Moroccan children and youth, their strategies for crossing, their motivations, their dreams, their hopes, and their everyday experiences. In the process, Abdelmajid Hannoum examines how Moroccan society has been affected by the flows of migrants from both West Africa and Europe, focusing on race relations and analyzing issues related to citizenship and social inequality. Living Tangier considers what makes the city one of the most attractive for migrants preparing to cross to Europe and illustrates not only how migrants live in the city but also how they live the city—how they experience it, encounter its people, and engage its culture, walk its streets, and participate in its events. Reflecting on his own experiences and drawing on the work of Hannah Arendt, Edward Said, Tayeb Saleh, Amin Maalouf, and Dany Laferrière, Hannoum provokes new questions in order to reconfigure migration as a postcolonial phenomenon and interrogate how Moroccan society responds to new cultural processes.


Anthropocentrism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rob Boddice
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9780812296532
FileSize: 525kb
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Anthropocentrism by Rob Boddice Summary

This collection explores assumptions behind the label ‘anthropocentrism’, critically enquiring into the meaning of ‘human’. It addresses epistemological and ontological problems in charges of anthropocentrism, questioning the inherent anthropocentrism of all human perspectives, while seeking ‘other’ views that trump anthropocentrism.

Blood and Kinship

Blood and Kinship Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christopher H. Johnson
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9789004187948
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Blood and Kinship by Christopher H. Johnson Summary

The word "blood" awakens ancient ideas, but we know little about its historical representation in Western cultures. Anthropologists have customarily studied how societies think about the bodily substances that unite them, and the contributors to this volume develop those questions in new directions. Taking a radically historical perspective that complements traditional cultural analyses, they demonstrate how blood and kinship have constantly been reconfigured in European culture. This volume challenges the idea that blood can be understood as a stable entity, and shows how concepts of blood and kinship moved in both parallel and divergent directions over the course of European history.

Past Imperfect

Past Imperfect Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pierre-Philippe Fraiture
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780857457509
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Past Imperfect by Pierre-Philippe Fraiture Summary

This book proposes to examine French and Francophone intellectual history in the period leading to the decolonization of sub-Saharan Africa (1945-1960). The analysis favours the epistemological links between ethnology, museology, sociology, and (art) history. In this discussion, a specific focus is placed on temporality and the role ascribed by these different disciplines to African pasts, presents, and futures. It is argued here that the post-war context, characterized, inter alia, by the creation of UNESCO, the birth of Pr�sence Africaine and the prevalence of existentialism, bore witness to the development of new regimes of historicity and to the partial refutation of a progress-based modernity. This investigation is predicated on case studies from West and Central Africa (AOF, AEF and Belgian Congo) and, whilst adopting a postcolonial methodology, it explores African and French authors such as Georges Balandier, Cheikh Anta Diop, Frantz Fanon, Chris Marker, Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Claude L�vi-Strauss, Alain Resnais, Jean-Paul Sartre and Placide Tempels. This study explores the intellectual legacy of the 'long nineteenth century' and the difficulty encountered by these authors to articulate their anti-colonial agenda away from the modern methodologies of the 'colonial library'. By focussing on issues of intellectual alienation, this book also demonstrates that the post-WW2 period foreshadowed twenty-first century debates on extroversion, racial inequalities, the decolonization of history, and cultural (mis)appropriation.

Where Do You Stand

Where Do You Stand Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yael Ohana
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781800348400
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Where Do You Stand by Yael Ohana Summary

This publication takes up the many and often controversial debates about the nature, content, methods and political significance of intercultural learning in and for the European youth field. Its starting point is the current depoliticisation of intercultural learning in this field, and especially in the programmes of the European Commission and the Directorate of Youth and Sport of the Council of Europe over the last several years. At the same time, the elevation of “intercultural dialogue” to panacea for all societal problems, from civil war to educational failure, is putting the mobilisational value of intercultural learning to the test.

Visions of the Social

Visions of the Social Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean Terrier
Editor: BRILL
ISBN: 9783531943268
FileSize: 520kb
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Visions of the Social by Jean Terrier Summary

Taking the example of France between the Enlightenment and the Second World War and focusing especially on the connection between social theories and political projects, this book provides an original analysis of French scholarly debates on the nature of society.


Sustainability Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Marcílio de Freitas and Marilene Corrêa da Silva Freitas
Editor: America Star Books
ISBN: 9789004207257
FileSize: 1031kb
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Sustainability by Marcílio de Freitas and Marilene Corrêa da Silva Freitas Summary

The reinvention and the emergency of the capitalism with new worldwide contours, having ecology as the paradigm of modernity, have introduced a set of new problems. The integration of the world economy with environmental questions, the control on the ecological future of the planet, the reinventions of new ethical utopias for the humanity, the universality of the participative democracy, and the construction of the new natural and social contracts on a worldwide scale, are questions that pressure the current systems of thoughts. The fast social depreciation and ecological destruction, putting the future existence of the humanity at risk, constitute a contradiction of the processes of globalization. Mankind has been confronted with this new historical perspective: to construct and incorporate socio-economical enterprises to the notion of sustainable development. This book has the pretension to introduce new elements in this dialogue, reaffirming the importance of the Amazonia in this worldwide political enterprise.

Autobiographical Voices

Autobiographical Voices Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Françoise Lionnet
Editor: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9781633828971
FileSize: 725kb
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Autobiographical Voices by Françoise Lionnet Summary

Adopting a boldly innovative approach to women’s autobiographical writing, Françoise Lionnet here examines the rhetoric of self-portraiture in works by authors who are bilingual or multilingual or of mixed races or cultures. Autobiographical Voices offers incisive readings of texts by Zora Neale Hurston, Maya Angelou, Marie Cardinal, Maryse Condé, Marie-Thérèse Humbert, Augustine, and Nietzsche.