Revue De Gascogne

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Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191520632
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Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion by , Summary

This second volume begins with a Section on the religion of the people. The clergy offered the liturgical services, sermons, evangelistic missions, and the offices sanctifying birth, marriage, and death; distinctions are made between what they intended and how their ministrations were popularly interpreted and incorporated into the social order. Statistical soundings concerning the extent of religious practice and the degree of conviction involved are evaluated. Further chapters deal with processions, pilgrimages, and popular practices and superstitions, with hermits and confraternities, with the impact of reading the Bible and other edifying literature in an age of increasing literacy. Finally comes a view of the twilight world of magic and sorcery. Throughout this Section the comments of theologians and thinkers of the Enlightenment are recorded, whether in coincidence or contradiction. The next section deals with the efficacy of the confessional and the role of the casuistry of the Church in attempting to mould sexual mores, business practices, and in the world of the theatre. In the next two Sections, the role of religious issues in political affairs is detailed. An overview of the Jansenist quarrel and of the activities of the Jesuits brings in the story of the struggle between Crown and Parlement, while an extended portrayal of the life of the Protestant and Jewish communities leads to the history of the debate on toleration, involving the Gallican Church in political interventions and controversy. Throughout the two volumes the rising forces of anticlericalism and the tensions within the ecclesiastical establishment have been recorded, and these themes come to their climax in a final section on the role played by churchmen in the coming of the Revolution.

Body and Tradition in Nineteenth-Century France

Body and Tradition in Nineteenth-Century France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: William G. Pooley
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019258670X
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Body and Tradition in Nineteenth-Century France by William G. Pooley Summary

The moorlands of Gascony are often considered one of the most dramatic examples of top-down rural modernization in nineteenth-century Europe. From an area of open moors, they were transformed in one generation into the largest man-made forest in Europe. Body and Tradition in Nineteenth-Century France explores how these changes were experienced and negotiated by the people who lived there, drawing on the immense ethnographic archive of Félix Arnaudin (1844-1921). The study places the songs, stories, and everyday speech that Arnaudin collected, as well as the photographs he took, in the everyday lives of agricultural workers and artisans. It argues that the changes are were understood as a gradual revolution in bodily experiences, as men and women forged new working habits, new sexual relations, and new ways of conceiving of their own bodies. Rather than merely presenting a story of top-down reform, this is an account of the flexibility and creativity of the cultural traditions of the working population. William G. Pooley tells the story of the folklorist Arnaudin and the men and women whose cultural traditions he recorded, then uncovers the work carried out by Arnaudin to explore everyday speech about the body, stories of werewolves and shapeshifters, tales of animal cunning and exploitation, and songs about love and courtship. The volume focuses on the lives of a handful of the most talented storytellers and singers Arnaudin encountered, showing how their cultural choices reflect wider patterns of behaviour in the region, and across rural Europe.

News from the Raven

News from the Raven Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Darci N. Hill
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443861197
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News from the Raven by Darci N. Hill Summary

This volume, edited from the proceedings of a unique conference held at Sam Houston State University, offers the reader an independent Texas-style celebration of Medieval and Renaissance culture and thought. In the opening article, Richard North reveals some ways in which medieval literature pioneered the modern novel. The following essays, drawing from philosophy, literature, music, art, architecture, history, and linguistics, include studies of the portrayal of women in medieval literature and art; discussions surrounding the hero of Paradise Lost; explorations into the thought of Thomas Aquinas; explications of linguistic puzzles in Beowulf; analyses of Shakespeare’s plays; considerations of renaissance architecture and instrumental music; and an investigation into the influence of rhetoric on musical composition.

Medieval Monasticism

Medieval Monasticism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Giles Constable
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442637617
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Medieval Monasticism by Giles Constable Summary

Medieval Monasticism is a bibliography meant as a guide to medieval monasticism, giving direction to the most important works in the subject and is prepared by an expert in the field, Dr. Constable. The bibliography has three aims: it meant to aid students who are relatively new to the area of study, to guide more advanced readers in a subject where they have had little formal training, and to assist new libraries in forming a basic collection in the subject presented.

England, France and Aquitaine

England, France and Aquitaine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard Ballard
Editor: Pen and Sword Military
ISBN: 1526768623
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England, France and Aquitaine by Richard Ballard Summary

This is a narrative history of England and France during the Hundred Years War, from the triumphs of Henry V to the defeat of the English and loss of Gascony and Bordeaux - a huge blow to English prestige and economic interest. This is a military history with technical detail, linked to high politics, courtly intrigue, dynastic ambition, economic interest (wine trade and Bordeaux). The story revolves around the death of two Kings, Henry V of England, soon after his military triumphs, and Charles VI of France, in 1422. Both had historic claims to the 'French fiefs'. Henry was succeeded by Richard II, and Charles was succeeded by Charles VII. The contrast could hardly have been greater between Richard, a diffident, scholarly and religious figure, in an age when kings were expected to be aggressive leaders and military commanders; and Charles - an able politician, soldier and, in modern parlance, a 'hard man', who embodied the 15th century concept of kingship. Intermittent but constant warfare continued until English defeat in 1476 and the loss of Gascony and Bordeaux, and the Peace of Picquigny brought to an end a decisive episode in the Hundred Years War, foreshadowing England's future total withdrawal from France.

Unnatural Frenchmen

Unnatural Frenchmen Pdf/ePub eBook Author: E. Claire Cage
Editor: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 0813937132
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Unnatural Frenchmen by E. Claire Cage Summary

In Enlightenment and revolutionary France, new and pressing arguments emerged in the long debate over clerical celibacy. Appeals for the abolition of celibacy were couched primarily in the language of nature, social utility, and the patrie. The attack only intensified after the legalization of priestly marriage during the Revolution, as marriage and procreation were considered patriotic duties. Some radical revolutionaries who saw celibacy as a crime against nature and the nation aggressively promoted clerical marriage by threatening unmarried priests with deportation, imprisonment, and even death. After the Revolution, political and religious authorities responded to the vexing problem of reconciling the existence of several thousand married French priests with the formal reestablishment of Roman Catholicism and clerical celibacy. Unnatural Frenchmen examines how this extremely divisive issue shaped religious politics, the lived experience of French clerics, and gendered citizenship. Drawing on a wide base of printed and archival material, including thousands of letters that married priests wrote to the pope, historian Claire Cage highlights individual as well as ideological struggles. Unnatural Frenchmen provides important insights into how conflicts over priestly celibacy and marriage have shaped the relationship between sexuality, religion, and politics from the age of Enlightenment to today, while simultaneously revealing the story of priestly marriage to be an inherently personal and deeply human one.

Judeo-Romance Linguistics (RLE Linguistics E: Indo-European Linguistics)

Judeo-Romance Linguistics (RLE Linguistics E: Indo-European Linguistics) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Wexler
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317918770
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Judeo-Romance Linguistics (RLE Linguistics E: Indo-European Linguistics) by Paul Wexler Summary

A separate bibliographic treatment of the Judeo-Romance languages should facilitate a deeper appreciation of the contributions that they may make to Romance linguistics in general. Up until now, Judeo-Romance topics have scarcely been canvassed in Romance linguistic bibliographies. It is hoped that this new book serves to popularize the field of Judeo-Romance languages both among students of general Romance and comparative Jewish linguistics.

Henri IV

Henri IV Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Pierre Babelon
Editor: Fayard
ISBN: 2213658161
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Henri IV by Jean-Pierre Babelon Summary

Dans la mémoire des Français, Henri IV est le seul roi à n’avoir connu aucune disgrâce. Sa mort l’a auréolé d’une indestructible popularité et son règne est vite devenu l’auberge espagnole de notre histoire. Le Gascon caustique méprisant la peur, l’homme d’action ennemi des parlottes, le bon vivant, l’homme de la poule au pot, le Vert-Galant sûr de ses conquêtes : autant d’images d’Epinal que Jean-Pierre Babelon réajuste sans parti pris ni complaisance, pour expliquer le phénomène Henri IV. Le 1er août 1589, assiégeant Paris en pleine rébellion, Henri III, victime d’un attentat, murmure à celui qui sera demain Henri IV : « Vous voyez comme vos ennemis et les miens m’ont traité. Il faut que vous preniez garde qu’ils ne vous en fassent autant. » Le dernier des Valois disparu, Henri de Navarre devient roi d’une France déchirée par les guerres de la Ligue, où la monarchie traverse un de ses pires moments. Cinq ans sont nécessaires au premier Bourbon pour ouvrir les portes de la capitale, quatre autres pour apaiser les armes et les consciences. Il ne lui reste que douze ans pour créer, avec l’aide de Sully, un Etat moderne : l’économie, l’agriculture, l’urbanisme, l’université, il n’a de cesse de tout réorganiser et de continuer la tradition monarchique séculaire, comme s’il avait su que peu de temps lui était octroyé pour accomplir sa tâche. Pour Henri IV, ce célibataire mal marié, qui se reconnaissait trois plaisirs, la guerre, la chasse et l’amour, la plus grande joie fut sans doute la naissance du dauphin, le futur Louis XIII. Il avait alors 48 ans. Après avoir rétabli l’unité de son royaume et assuré le « bien-être de ses peuples », il fondait une nouvelle dynastie. Le fils de Jeanne d’Albret pouvait-il rêver d’une plus belle destinée ? Au bout du compte, un caractère et un comportement peu ordinaires, un pragmatisme et un relativisme qui tranchent vigoureusement sur les mentalités de l’époque, et un esprit qui nous est étrangement proche. Jean-Pierre Babelon est né en 1931. Chartiste, ancien conservateur en chef puis inspecteur général des Archives de France, il a été ensuite directeur général du Musée et du Domaine national de Versailles et de Trianon de 1989 à 1996. Membre de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, président d’honneur de la Société Henri-IV, il est l’auteur de nombreux ouvrages sur l’histoire de Paris et sur l’architecture classique.

The Life of Joan of Arc (Complete)

The Life of Joan of Arc (Complete) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anatole France
Editor: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 146560491X
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The Life of Joan of Arc (Complete) by Anatole France Summary

FROM Neufch‰teau to Vaucouleurs the clear waters of the Meuse flow freely between banks covered with rows of poplar trees and low bushes of alder and willow. Now they wind in sudden bends, now in gradual curves, for ever breaking up into narrow streams, and then the threads of greenish waters gather together again, or here and there are suddenly lost to sight underground. In the summer the river is a lazy stream, barely bending in its course the reeds which grow upon its shallow bed; and from the bank one may watch its lapping waters kept back by clumps of rushes scarcely covering a little sand and moss. But in the season of heavy rains, swollen by sudden torrents, deeper and more rapid, as it rushes along, it leaves behind it on the banks a kind of dew, which rises in pools of clear water on a level with the grass of the valley. This valley, two or three miles broad, stretches unbroken between low hills, softly undulating, crowned with oaks, maples, and birches. Although strewn with wild-flowers in the spring, it looks severe, grave, and sometimes even sad. The green grass imparts to it a monotony like that of stagnant water. Even on fine days one is conscious of a hard, cold climate. The sky seems more genial than the earth. It beams upon it with a tearful smile; it constitutes all the movement, the grace, the exquisite charm of this delicate tranquil landscape. Then when winter comes the sky merges with the earth in a kind of chaos. Fogs come down thick and clinging. The white light mists, which in summer veil the bottom of the valley, give place to thick clouds and dark moving mountains, but slowly scattered by a red, cold sun. Wanderers ranging the uplands in the early morning might dream with the mystics in their ecstasy that they are walking on clouds. Thus, after having passed on the left the wooded plateau, from the height of which the ch‰teau of BourlŽmont dominates the valley of the Saonelle, and on the right Coussey with its old church, the winding river flows between le Bois Chesnu on the west and the hill of Julien on the east. Then on it goes, passing the adjacent villages of Domremy and Greux on the west bank and separating Greux from Maxey-sur-Meuse. Among other hamlets nestling in the hollows of the hills or rising on the high ground, it passes Burey-la-C™te, Maxey-sur-Vaise, and Burey-en-Vaux, and flows on to water the beautiful meadows of Vaucouleurs. In this little village of Domremy, situated at least seven and a half miles further down the river than Neufch‰teau and twelve and a half above Vaucouleurs, there was born, about the year 1410 or 1412, a girl who was destined to live a remarkable life. She was born poor. Her father, Jacques or Jacquot d'Arc, a native of the village of Ceffonds in Champagne, was a small farmer and himself drove his horses at the plough. His neighbours, men and women alike, held him to be a good Christian and an industrious workman. His wife came from Vouthon, a village nearly four miles northwest of Domremy, beyond the woods of Greux. Her name being Isabelle or Zabillet, she received at some time, exactly when is uncertain, the surname of RomŽe. That name was given to those who had been to Rome or on some other important pilgrimage; and it is possible that Isabelle may have acquired her name of RomŽe by assuming the pilgrim's shell and staff. One of her brothers was a parish priest, another a tiler; she had a nephew who was a carpenter. She had already borne her husband three children: Jacques or Jacquemin, Catherine, and Jean.

The Jacobins

The Jacobins Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Crane Brinton
Editor: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412848105
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The Jacobins by Crane Brinton Summary

Originally published: New York: Macmillan Co., 1930.

The Jacobin Clubs in the French Revolution, 1793-1795

The Jacobin Clubs in the French Revolution, 1793-1795 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael Kennedy
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 178920576X
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The Jacobin Clubs in the French Revolution, 1793-1795 by Michael Kennedy Summary

A pendant to two well-received books by the same author on the departmental clubs during the early years of the Revolution, this book is the product of thirty years of scholarly study, including archival research in Paris and in more than seventy departments in France. It focuses on the twenty-eight months from May 1793 to August 1795, a period spanning the Federalist Revolt, the Terror, and the Thermidorian Reaction. The Federalist Revolt, in which many clubs were involved, had momentous consequences for all of them and was, in the local setting, the principal cause of the Reign of Terror, a period in which more than 5,300 communes had clubs that reached the zenith of their power and influence, engaging in a myriad of political, administrative, judicial, religious, economic, social, and war-related activities. The book ends with their decline and final dissolution by a decree of the Convention in Paris.

The Style of Paris

The Style of Paris Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Huppert
Editor: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253028132
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The Style of Paris by George Huppert Summary

"... impressive and challenging reevaluation of the sixteenth-century origins of the Enlightenment." —Sixteenth Century Journal In this book, George Huppert introduces the reader to a group of talented young men, some of them teenagers, who were the talk of the town in Renaissance Paris. They called themselves philosophes, they wrote poetry, they studied Greek and mathematics—and they entertained subversive notions concerning religion and politics. Classically trained, they wrote, nevertheless, in French, so as to reach the widest possible audience. These young radicals fostered a succession of disciples who expressed confidence in the eventual enlightenment of humankind and whose ideas would bear fruit two centuries later.

The Jacobins

The Jacobins Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Karl Renner
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351480545
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The Jacobins by Karl Renner Summary

The Jacobins were the most famous of the political clubs that fomented the French Revolution. Initially moderate, they are remembered mainly for instituting the Reign of Terror. Crane Brinton's The Jacobins was written in the 1930s, itself a decade of the violent centralization of unchecked political power. Brinton offers not an account of the actions of major figures, but an anatomy of Jacobinism, its membership, beliefs and political platform, the relations between the central Paris club and the regional groups, and how it evolved from moderation to tyranny. Brinton argues that when one considers the material facts about the Jacobins— their social environment, occupations, and wealth—one finds evidence of their prosperity to justify predicting for them quiet, uneventful, conservative, thoroughly normal lives. But when one studies the records of their proceedings, one finds them violent, cruel, and intolerant. The Jacobins present a paradox. Their political being seems inconsistent with their actual intentions. The Jacobins presented for a brief time the spectacle of men acting without apparent regard for their material interests. As the brilliant new introduction by Howard G. Schneiderman indicates, this contradiction defines the Jacobins, and perhaps most other revolutionary movements.

Theories and Methods

Theories and Methods Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter Auer,Jürgen Erich Schmidt
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311022027X
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Theories and Methods by Peter Auer,Jürgen Erich Schmidt Summary

The dimensions of time and space fundamentally cause and shape the variability of all human language. To reduce investigation of this insight to manageable proportions, researchers have traditionally concentrated on the “deepest” dialects. But it is increasingly apparent that, although most people still speak with a distinct regional coloring, the new mobility of speakers in recently industrialized and postindustrial societies and the efflorescence of communication technologies cannot be ignored. This has given rise to a reconsideration of the relationship between geographical place and cultural space, and the fundamental link between language and a spatially bounded territory. Language and Space: An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation seeks to take full account of these developments in a comprehensive, theoretically rich way. The introductory volume examines the concept of space and linguistic approaches to it, the structure and dynamics of language spaces, and relevant research methods. A second volume offers the first thorough exploration of the interplay between linguistic investigation and cartography, and subsequent volumes uniformly document the state of research into the spatial dimension of particular language groupings. Key features: comprehensive coverage of the field in terms of theory and methods the unique volume stands alone, since it neither is a handbook of dialectology or of areal linguistics, nor a handbook on language variation alone gathers together a great number of distinguished scholars and experts in the field

The Handbook of Dialectology

The Handbook of Dialectology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles Boberg,John Nerbonne,Dominic Watt
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118827589
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The Handbook of Dialectology by Charles Boberg,John Nerbonne,Dominic Watt Summary

The Handbook of Dialectology provides an authoritative, up-to-date and unusually broad account of the study of dialect, in one volume. Each chapter reviews essential research, and offers a critical discussion of the past, present and future development of the area. The volume is based on state-of-the-art research in dialectology around the world, providing the most current work available with an unusually broad scope of topics Provides a practical guide to the many methodological and statistical issues surrounding the collection and analysis of dialect data Offers summaries of dialect variation in the world’s most widely spoken and commonly studied languages, including several non-European languages that have traditionally received less attention in general discussions of dialectology Reviews the intellectual development of the field, including its main theoretical schools of thought and research traditions, both academic and applied The editors are well known and highly respected, with a deep knowledge of this vast field of inquiry

Cosmos and Image in the Renaissance

Cosmos and Image in the Renaissance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kathryn Banks
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351570919
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Cosmos and Image in the Renaissance by Kathryn Banks Summary

Renaissance images could be real as well as linguistic. Human beings were often believed to be an image of the cosmos, and the sun an image of God. Kathryn Banks explores the implications of this for poetic language and argues that linguistic images were a powerful tool for rethinking cosmic conceptions. She reassesses the role of natural-philosophical poetry in France, focusing upon its most well-known and widely-read exponent, Guillaume de Saluste Du Bartas.Through a sustained analysis of Maurice Sceve's Delie , Banks also rethinks love lyric's oft-noted use of the beloved as image of the poet. Cosmos and Image makes an original contribution to our understanding of Renaissance thinking about the cosmic, the human, and the divine. It also proposes a mode of reading other Renaissance texts, and reflects at length upon the relation of 'literature' to history, to the history of science, and to political turmoil.

The Discovery of France: A Historical Geography

The Discovery of France: A Historical Geography Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Graham Robb
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393068825
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The Discovery of France: A Historical Geography by Graham Robb Summary

"A witty, engaging narrative style…[Robb's] approach is particularly engrossing." —New York Times Book Review A narrative of exploration—full of strange landscapes and even stranger inhabitants—that explains the enduring fascination of France. While Gustave Eiffel was changing the skyline of Paris, large parts of France were still terra incognita. Even in the age of railways and newspapers, France was a land of ancient tribal divisions, prehistoric communication networks, and pre-Christian beliefs. French itself was a minority language. Graham Robb describes that unknown world in arresting narrative detail. He recounts the epic journeys of mapmakers, scientists, soldiers, administrators, and intrepid tourists, of itinerant workers, pilgrims, and herdsmen with their millions of migratory domestic animals. We learn how France was explored, charted, and colonized, and how the imperial influence of Paris was gradually extended throughout a kingdom of isolated towns and villages. The Discovery of France explains how the modern nation came to be and how poorly understood that nation still is today. Above all, it shows how much of France—past and present—remains to be discovered. A New York Times Notable Book, Publishers Weekly Best Book, Slate Best Book, and Booklist Editor's Choice.

Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) 2

Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) 2 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Éva Buchi,Wolfgang Schweickard
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110453614
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Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) 2 by Éva Buchi,Wolfgang Schweickard Summary

This second volume on the Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) contains forty new lexicographical articles as well as an extensive theoretical section which discusses various questions pertaining to the methods, problems and implications of comparative reconstruction in Romance linguistics (phonology, semantics, grammar, geolinguistics and cartography).