Saving Children from a Life of Crime by David P. Farrington,Brandon C. Welsh

Saving Children from a Life of Crime
  • Title : Saving Children from a Life of Crime
  • Author : David P. Farrington,Brandon C. Welsh
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780199702527
  • Pages : 248
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

After decades of rigorous study in the United States and across the Western world, a great deal is known about the early risk factors for offending. High impulsiveness, low attainment, criminal parents, parental conflict, and growing up in a deprived, high-crime neighborhood are among the most important factors. There is also a growing body of high quality scientific evidence on the effectiveness of early prevention programs designed to prevent children from embarking on a life of crime. Drawing on the latest evidence, Saving Children from a Life of Crime is the first book to assess the early causes of offending and what works best to prevent it. Preschool intellectual enrichment, child skills training, parent management training, and home visiting programs are among the most effective early prevention programs. Criminologists David Farrington and Brandon Welsh also outline a policy strategy--early prevention--that uses this current research knowledge and brings into sharper focus what America's national crime fighting priority ought to be. At a time when unacceptable crime levels in America, rising criminal justice costs, and a punitive crime policy have spurred a growing interest in the early prevention of delinquency, Farrington and Welsh here lay the groundwork for change with a comprehensive national prevention strategy to save children from a life of crime.


Saving Children from a Life of Crime : Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions by Institute of Criminology Cambridge University David P. Farrington Professor of Psychological Criminology,Department of Criminal Justice University of Massachusetts Brandon C. Welsh Assistant Professor, Lowell

Saving Children from a Life of Crime : Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions
  • Title : Saving Children from a Life of Crime : Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions
  • Author : Institute of Criminology Cambridge University David P. Farrington Professor of Psychological Criminology,Department of Criminal Justice University of Massachusetts Brandon C. Welsh Assistant Professor, Lowell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780199719624
  • Pages : 248
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

After decades of rigorous study in the United States and across the Western world, a great deal is known about the early risk factors for offending. High impulsiveness, low attainment, criminal parents, parental conflict, and growing up in a deprived, high-crime neighborhood are among the most important factors. There is also a growing body of high quality scientific evidence on the effectiveness of early prevention programs designed to prevent children from embarking on a life of crime. Drawing on the latest evidence, Saving Children from a Life of Crime is the first book to assess the early causes of offending and what works best to prevent it. Preschool intellectual enrichment, child skills training, parent management training, and home visiting programs are among the most effective early prevention programs. Criminologists David Farrington and Brandon Welsh also outline a policy strategy--early prevention--that uses this current research knowledge and brings into sharper focus what America's national crime fighting priority ought to be. At a time when unacceptable crime levels in America, rising criminal justice costs, and a punitive crime policy have spurred a growing interest in the early prevention of delinquency, Farrington and Welsh here lay the groundwork for change with a comprehensive national prevention strategy to save children from a life of crime.


Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice by Institute of Medicine,National Research Council,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Law and Justice,Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control

Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice
  • Title : Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,National Research Council,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Law and Justice,Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309172356
  • Pages : 404
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Even though youth crime rates have fallen since the mid-1990s, public fear and political rhetoric over the issue have heightened. The Columbine shootings and other sensational incidents add to the furor. Often overlooked are the underlying problems of child poverty, social disadvantage, and the pitfalls inherent to adolescent decisionmaking that contribute to youth crime. From a policy standpoint, adolescent offenders are caught in the crossfire between nurturance of youth and punishment of criminals, between rehabilitation and "get tough" pronouncements. In the midst of this emotional debate, the National Research Council's Panel on Juvenile Crime steps forward with an authoritative review of the best available data and analysis. Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents recommendations for addressing the many aspects of America's youth crime problem. This timely release discusses patterns and trends in crimes by children and adolescents--trends revealed by arrest data, victim reports, and other sources; youth crime within general crime; and race and sex disparities. The book explores desistance--the probability that delinquency or criminal activities decrease with age--and evaluates different approaches to predicting future crime rates. Why do young people turn to delinquency? Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents what we know and what we urgently need to find out about contributing factors, ranging from prenatal care, differences in temperament, and family influences to the role of peer relationships, the impact of the school policies toward delinquency, and the broader influences of the neighborhood and community. Equally important, this book examines a range of solutions: Prevention and intervention efforts directed to individuals, peer groups, and families, as well as day care-, school- and community-based initiatives. Intervention within the juvenile justice system. Role of the police. Processing and detention of youth offenders. Transferring youths to the adult judicial system. Residential placement of juveniles. The book includes background on the American juvenile court system, useful comparisons with the juvenile justice systems of other nations, and other important information for assessing this problem.


Justice for Kids by Nancy E. Dowd

Justice for Kids
  • Title : Justice for Kids
  • Author : Nancy E. Dowd
  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • ISBN Code : 0814721389
  • Pages : 314
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Children and youth become involved with the juvenile justice system at a significant rate. While some children move just as quickly out of the system and go on to live productive lives as adults, other children become enmeshed in the system, developing deeper problems and/or transferring into the adult criminal justice system. Justice for Kids is a volume of work by leading academics and activists that focuses on ways to intervene at the earliest possible point to rehabilitate and redirectoto keep kids out of the systemorather than to punish and drive kids deeper. Justice for Kids presents a compelling argument for rethinking and restructuring the juvenile justice system as we know it. This unique collection explores the system's fault lines with respect to all children, and focuses in particular on issues of race, gender, and sexual orientation that skew the system. Most importantly, it provides specific program initiatives that offer alternatives to our thinking about prevention and deterrence, with an ultimate focus on keeping kids out of the system altogether.


Effects of Early Family/Parent Training Programs on Anti-Social Behavior and Delinquency by Alex Piquero

Effects of Early Family/Parent Training Programs on Anti-Social Behavior and Delinquency
  • Title : Effects of Early Family/Parent Training Programs on Anti-Social Behavior and Delinquency
  • Author : Alex Piquero
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1437929834
  • Pages : 123
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Changing Lives by Peter W. Greenwood,Franklin E. Zimring

Changing Lives
  • Title : Changing Lives
  • Author : Peter W. Greenwood,Franklin E. Zimring
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN Code : 0226307204
  • Pages : 224
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Historically, it has been historically difficult to measure the impact of policies and programs designed to address juvenile crime. The most commonly used strategies for combating juvenile delinquency have primarily relied on intuition and fads. However, the promising research documented in Changing Lives presents methods that can directly remedy these deficiencies in our juvenile justice system. Peter W. Greenwood demonstrates here that as crime rates have fallen, researchers have identified more connections between specific risk factors and criminal behavior. At the same time, program developers have discovered a wide array of innovative interventions. The result of all this activity, he reveals, has been the revelation of a few prevention models that reduce crime much more cost-effectively than popular approaches such as tougher sentencing, the D.A.R.E. campaign, boot camps, and "scared straight" programs. Changing Lives expertly presents the most promising of these prevention programs, their histories, the quality of evidence to support their effectiveness, the public policy programs involved in bringing them into wider use, and the potential for investments and developmental research to increase the range and quality of programs.


The Cycle of Juvenile Justice by Thomas J. Bernard,Megan C. Kurlychek

The Cycle of Juvenile Justice
  • Title : The Cycle of Juvenile Justice
  • Author : Thomas J. Bernard,Megan C. Kurlychek
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0195370368
  • Pages : 243
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

When juvenile violence and crime skyrocketed in the late 1980s and early 1990s, every state in the country responded by significantly altering the jurisdiction, purpose, process, sentencing, and services of their juvenile justice systems. Analyzing the history of juvenile justice over the last two hundred years, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice is an illuminating examination of the patterns in which changes like these play out. This much-needed and timely new edition provides an account of changes in the American juvenile justice system from 1990 to the present, and, by building on and expanding the ideas of the original edition, the authors refine their demonstration of how juvenile justice policy undergoes cycles of reform, alternating between offender-focused and offense-focused policies. All of the material from the previous edition has been revised and updated, and to incorporate recent key developments in juvenile justice, many new chapters have been added . Each of these provides historical context on each change, examining the rhetoric surrounding policies and their implementation, and assesses whether the policy and system changes resulted in a perpetuation of the cycle or represents real progress and reform. Analyzing the best and worst aspects of these policies, as well as the state of the present system, this book will continue to provide a controversial and challenging look at the issues involved in juvenile justice.


21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook by J. Mitchell Miller

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook
  • Title : 21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook
  • Author : J. Mitchell Miller
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications, Incorporated
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 960
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Criminology has experienced tremendous growth over the last few decades, evident, in part, by the widespread popularity and increased enrollment in criminology and criminal justice departments at the undergraduate and graduate levels across the U.S. and internationally. Evolutionary paradigmatic shift has accompanied this surge in definitional, disciplinary and pragmatic terms. Though long identified as a leading sociological specialty area, criminology has emerged as a stand-alone discipline in its own right, one that continues to grow and is clearly here to stay. Criminology, today, remains inherently theoretical but is also far more applied in focus and thus more connected to the academic and practitioner concerns of criminal justice and related professional service fields. Contemporary criminology is also increasingly interdisciplinary and thus features a broad variety of ideological orientations to and perspectives on the causes, effects and responses to crime. 21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a "first-look" reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems' response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology. This two-volume set in the SAGE 21st Century Reference Series is intended to provide undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that will serve their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but not so much jargon, detail, or density as a journal article or research handbook chapter. 100 entries or "mini-chapters" highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in this field ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. Curricular-driven, chapters provide students with initial footholds on topics of interest in researching term papers, in preparing for GREs, in consulting to determine directions to take in pursuing a senior thesis, graduate degree, career, etc. Comprehensive in coverage, major sections include The Discipline of Criminology, Correlates of Crime, Theories of Crime & Justice, Measurement & Research, Types of Crime, and Crime & the Justice System. The contributor group is comprised of well-known figures and emerging young scholars who provide authoritative overviews coupled with insightful discussion that will quickly familiarize researchers, students, and general readers alike with fundamental and detailed information for each topic. Uniform chapter structure makes it easy for students to locate key information, with most chapters following a format of Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References. Availability in print and electronic formats provides students with convenient, easy access wherever they may be.


The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention by Brandon C. Welsh,David P. Farrington

The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention
  • Author : Brandon C. Welsh,David P. Farrington
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199396698
  • Pages : 560
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce crime. Crime prevention today has developed along three lines: interventions to improve the life chances of children and prevent them from embarking on a life of crime; programs and policies designed to ameliorate the social conditions and institutions that influence offending; and the modification or manipulation of the physical environment, products, or systems to reduce everyday opportunities for crime. Each strategy aims at preventing crime or criminal offending in the first instance - before the act has been committed. Each, importantly, takes place outside of the formal criminal justice system, representing an alternative, perhaps even socially progressive way to reduce crime. The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention is a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative review of research on crime prevention. Bringing together top scholars in criminology, public policy, psychology, and sociology, this Handbook includes critical reviews of the main theories that form the basis of crime prevention, evidence-based assessments of the effectiveness of the most important interventions, and cross-cutting essays that examine implementation, evaluation methodology, and public policy. Covering the three major crime prevention strategies active today-developmental, community, and situational-this definitive volume addresses seriously and critically the ways in which the United States and the Western world have attempted, and should continue to strive for the of crime.


Psychology in Prisons by Graham J. Towl,David A. Crighton

Psychology in Prisons
  • Title : Psychology in Prisons
  • Author : Graham J. Towl,David A. Crighton
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 144430173X
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Edited by the Head of Psychology for HM Prison Service and the National Probation Service, and fully updated to take account of structural changes within these Services, Psychology in Prisons takes an in-depth look at the work of psychologists in prisons strengthened by in-depth consideration of diversity issues such as age, gender, socio-economic group, sexuality and ethnicity. Focuses exclusively on the prison environment and prioritises practical information for practitioners working in prisons Contextualises psychological work in prisons, and covers evidence based practice in key areas such as drug misuse and sex offending Focused on the needs of the client group Features a section on the practicalities of psychological assessment and interventions


Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders by Institute of Medicine,Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders
  • Title : Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309049393
  • Pages : 636
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction. Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs. The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.


Children, Families and Violence by Brian Howe,Katherine Covell

Children, Families and Violence
  • Title : Children, Families and Violence
  • Author : Brian Howe,Katherine Covell
  • Publisher : Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 9781846428470
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book examines the risk factors surrounding children at risk of experiencing and perpetrating violence, and looks at the positive role that children's rights can play in their protection. The authors propose that violence in childhood is not spontaneous: that children are raised to become violent in poorly functioning families and child-unfriendly environments. They may be exposed to toxic substances in utero, to maltreatment in infancy, to domestic violence or parental criminality as they grow up. Each of these risk factors is empirically linked with the development of antisocial and aggressive behaviour, and each reflects a violation of children's rights to protection from maltreatment. The authors show how respecting children's rights and safeguarding them from exposure to violence can shift the balance between risk and protective factors and, as a result, reduce the incidence and severity of childhood violence. This book will be essential reading for professionals working in child protection or with young offenders, academics, students, practitioners and policy-makers.


Child Delinquents by Rolf Loeber,David P. Farrington

Child Delinquents
  • Title : Child Delinquents
  • Author : Rolf Loeber,David P. Farrington
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • ISBN Code : 9780761924005
  • Pages : 495
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Between 1980 and 1996 the number of arrests has increased considerably for offenders ages 12 and under. This increase is a cost to society in two ways: the cost of the crime and the cost of multiple agencies involved with these children. Several questions have developed due to this increase: How does the juvenile justice system deal with child delinquents? Is child delinquency a predictor of serious, violent, and chronic offending? How early can we predict delinquency, and what are early warning signs? Presenting empirically derived insights, Child Delinquents, is the definitive statement to date on the working knowledge with preteen offenders. This book is an excellent source for a broad audience of researchers, scholars, psychiatry, and practitioners at the administrative level.


Gang Prevention by James C. Howell

Gang Prevention
  • Title : Gang Prevention
  • Author : James C. Howell
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1437944825
  • Pages : 24
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This report presents an overview of gang research and programs in the United States and examines how gangs form and why youth join them. It is based on information on research findings and prevention strategies disseminated by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention as part of its comprehensive anti-gang initiative. This report describes how community members can start assessing their gang problems and enhance prevention and intervention activities to help prevent delinquency and gang violence. It identifies promising and effective programs for gang prevention. Illustrations. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.


Violence in Families by Committee on the Assessment of Family Violence Interventions,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council and Institute of Medicine

Violence in Families
  • Title : Violence in Families
  • Author : Committee on the Assessment of Family Violence Interventions,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council and Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309522692
  • Pages : 383
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Reports of mistreated children, domestic violence, and abuse of elderly persons continue to strain the capacity of police, courts, social services agencies, and medical centers. At the same time, myriad treatment and prevention programs are providing services to victims and offenders. Although limited research knowledge exists regarding the effectiveness of these programs, such information is often scattered, inaccessible, and difficult to obtain. Violence in Families takes the first hard look at the successes and failures of family violence interventions. It offers recommendations to guide services, programs, policy, and research on victim support and assistance, treatments and penalties for offenders, and law enforcement. Included is an analysis of more than 100 evaluation studies on the outcomes of different kinds of programs and services. Violence in Families provides the most comprehensive review on the topic to date. It explores the scope and complexity of family violence, including identification of the multiple types of victims and offenders, who require different approaches to intervention. The book outlines new strategies that offer promising approaches for service providers and researchers and for improving the evaluation of prevention and treatment services. Violence in Families discusses issues that underlie all types of family violence, such as the tension between family support and the protection of children, risk factors that contribute to violent behavior in families, and the balance between family privacy and community interventions. The core of the book is a research-based review of interventions used in three institutional sectors--social services, health, and law enforcement settings--and how to measure their effectiveness in combating maltreatment of children, domestic violence, and abuse of the elderly. Among the questions explored by the committee: Does the child protective services system work? Does the threat of arrest deter batterers? The volume discusses the strength of the evidence and highlights emerging links among interventions in different institutional settings. Thorough, readable, and well organized, Violence in Families synthesizes what is known and outlines what needs to be discovered. This volume will be of great interest to policymakers, social services providers, health care professionals, police and court officials, victim advocates, researchers, and concerned individuals.


Education and Delinquency by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice and Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control

Education and Delinquency
  • Title : Education and Delinquency
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice and Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309171520
  • Pages : 58
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control convened a workshop on October 2, 1998, to explore issues related to educational performance, school climate, school practices, learning, student motivation and commitment to school, and their relationship to delinquency. The workshop was designed to bring together researchers and practitioners with a broad range of perspectives on the relationship between such specific issues as school safety and academic achievement and the development of delinquent behavior. Education and Delinquencyreviews recent research findings, identifies gaps in knowledge and promising areas of future research, and discusses the need for program evaluation and the integration of empirical research findings into program design.


Homies and Hermanos by Robert Brenneman

Homies and Hermanos
  • Title : Homies and Hermanos
  • Author : Robert Brenneman
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199753849
  • Pages : 294
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Using the tools of sociological theory, Robert Brenneman seeks to discover why a pot-smoking, gun-wielding "homie" gang member would want to trade in la vida loca for a Bible and the buttoned-down lifestyle of an evangelical hermano (brother in Christ) - and to what extent this strategy works for the many youth who have tried it.


Reforming Juvenile Justice by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform

Reforming Juvenile Justice
  • Title : Reforming Juvenile Justice
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309278937
  • Pages : 462
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.


Promoting Health by Institute of Medicine,Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Promoting Health
  • Title : Promoting Health
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309132916
  • Pages : 508
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

At the dawn of the twenty-first century, Americans enjoyed better overall health than at any other time in the nation’s history. Rapid advancements in medical technologies, breakthroughs in understanding the genetic underpinnings of health and ill health, improvements in the effectiveness and variety of pharmaceuticals, and other developments in biomedical research have helped develop cures for many illnesses and improve the lives of those with chronic diseases. By itself, however, biomedical research cannot address the most significant challenges to improving public health. Approximately half of all causes of mortality in the United States are linked to social and behavioral factors such as smoking, diet, alcohol use, sedentary lifestyle, and accidents. Yet less than five percent of the money spent annually on U.S. health care is devoted to reducing the risks of these preventable conditions. Behavioral and social interventions offer great promise, but as yet their potential has been relatively poorly tapped. Promoting Health identifies those promising areas of social science and behavioral research that may address public health needs. It includes 12 papersâ€"commissioned from some of the nation’s leading expertsâ€"that review these issues in detail, and serves to assess whether the knowledge base of social and behavioral interventions has been useful, or could be useful, in the development of broader public health interventions.


Child Protective Services by Diane Depanfilis

Child Protective Services
  • Title : Child Protective Services
  • Author : Diane Depanfilis
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9780788119484
  • Pages : 98
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Provides the foundation for casework practice in Child Protective Services (CPS). Describes the basic stages of the CPS process and the steps necessary to accomplish successfully each stage: intake, initial assessment/investigation, family assessment, case planning, service provision, and evaluation of family progress and case closure. Designed primarily for CPS caseworkers, supervisors, and administrators. Glossary. Bibiography.


Preventing Offending by N.A

Preventing Offending
  • Title : Preventing Offending
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781788510561
  • Pages : 13
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


From Neurons to Neighborhoods by Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development

From Neurons to Neighborhoods
  • Title : From Neurons to Neighborhoods
  • Author : Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309069882
  • Pages : 612
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. The committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. Authoritative yet accessible, From Neurons to Neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. It examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.


Making Public Places Safer by Brandon C. Welsh,David P. Farrington

Making Public Places Safer
  • Title : Making Public Places Safer
  • Author : Brandon C. Welsh,David P. Farrington
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780199716951
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras-one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video surveillance systems are being installed in town centers, public transportation facilities, and schools at a cost exceeding $100 million annually. And now other Western countries have begun to experiment with CCTV to prevent crime in public places. In light of this expansion and the associated public expenditure, as well as pressing concerns about privacy rights, there is an acute need for an evidence-based approach to inform policy and practice. Drawing on the highest-quality research, criminologists Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington assess the effectiveness and social costs of not only CCTV, but also of other important surveillance methods to prevent crime in public space, such as improved street lighting, security guards, place managers, and defensible space. Importantly, the book goes beyond the question of "Does it work?" and examines the specific conditions and contexts under which these surveillance methods may have an effect on crime as well as the mechanisms that bring about a reduction in crime. At a time when cities need cost-effective methods to fight crime and the public gradually awakens to the burdens of sacrificing their privacy and civil rights for security, Welsh and Farrington provide this timely and reliable guide to the most effective and non-invasive uses of surveillance to make public places safer from crime.


Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, Volume 1 by Richard M. Lerner,Laurence Steinberg

Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, Volume 1
  • Title : Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, Volume 1
  • Author : Richard M. Lerner,Laurence Steinberg
  • Publisher : Wiley
  • ISBN Code : 9780470149218
  • Pages : 840
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The study of and interest in adolescence in the field of psychology and related fields continues to grow, necessitating an expanded revision of this seminal work. This multidisciplinary handbook, edited by the premier scholars in the field, Richard Lerner and Laurence Steinberg, and with contributions from the leading researchers, reflects the latest empirical work and growth in the field.


Corrections: A Text/Reader by Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Corrections: A Text/Reader
  • Title : Corrections: A Text/Reader
  • Author : Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • ISBN Code : 1452289921
  • Pages : 728
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.


Juvenile Delinquency by Larry J. Siegel

Juvenile Delinquency
  • Title : Juvenile Delinquency
  • Author : Larry J. Siegel
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 457
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Crime and Public Policy by James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia

Crime and Public Policy
  • Title : Crime and Public Policy
  • Author : James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199315043
  • Pages : 656
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.


Parenting Matters by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children

Parenting Matters
  • Title : Parenting Matters
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309388546
  • Pages : 524
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the familyâ€"which includes all primary caregiversâ€"are at the foundation of children's well- being and healthy development. From birth, children are learning and rely on parents and the other caregivers in their lives to protect and care for them. The impact of parents may never be greater than during the earliest years of life, when a child's brain is rapidly developing and when nearly all of her or his experiences are created and shaped by parents and the family environment. Parents help children build and refine their knowledge and skills, charting a trajectory for their health and well-being during childhood and beyond. The experience of parenting also impacts parents themselves. For instance, parenting can enrich and give focus to parents' lives; generate stress or calm; and create any number of emotions, including feelings of happiness, sadness, fulfillment, and anger. Parenting of young children today takes place in the context of significant ongoing developments. These include: a rapidly growing body of science on early childhood, increases in funding for programs and services for families, changing demographics of the U.S. population, and greater diversity of family structure. Additionally, parenting is increasingly being shaped by technology and increased access to information about parenting. Parenting Matters identifies parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with positive developmental outcomes in children ages 0-8; universal/preventive and targeted strategies used in a variety of settings that have been effective with parents of young children and that support the identified knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and barriers to and facilitators for parents' use of practices that lead to healthy child outcomes as well as their participation in effective programs and services. This report makes recommendations directed at an array of stakeholders, for promoting the wide-scale adoption of effective programs and services for parents and on areas that warrant further research to inform policy and practice. It is meant to serve as a roadmap for the future of parenting policy, research, and practice in the United States.


Juvenile Justice and Delinquency by David W. Springer,Albert R. Roberts

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
  • Title : Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
  • Author : David W. Springer,Albert R. Roberts
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 0763760560
  • Pages : 492
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Juvenile Justice and Delinquency" is the first text to comprehensively trace the progress toward resolving critical juvenile justice and delinquency issues, and to provide cutting-edge intervention strategies to effectively rehabilitate juvenile offenders and prevent delinquency. Historical, political, and legal trends are examined and critiqued, as well as the range of developmental, familial, and sociological theoretical explanations of juvenile delinquency. Current evidence-based practice, prevention strategies and programs, and juvenile justice treatment and policy alternatives are thoroughly explored.


The World Health Report 2002 by World Health Organization

The World Health Report 2002
  • Title : The World Health Report 2002
  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • ISBN Code : 9789241562072
  • Pages : 248
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The world is living dangerously - either because it has little choice or because it is making the wrong choices -- Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland WHO Director-General


Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments by Annette Prüss-Üstün,Jennyfer Wolf,Carlos Corvalán,World Health Organization,Robert Bos,Dr. Maria Neira

Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments
  • Title : Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments
  • Author : Annette Prüss-Üstün,Jennyfer Wolf,Carlos Corvalán,World Health Organization,Robert Bos,Dr. Maria Neira
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • ISBN Code : 9241565195
  • Pages : 147
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"The main message emerging from this new comprehensive global assessment is that premature death and disease can be prevented through healthier environments--and to a significant degree. Analysing the latest data on the environment-disease nexus and the devastating impact of environmental hazards and risks on global health, backed up by expert opinion, this report covers more than 130 diseases and injuries. The analysis shows that 23% of global deaths (and 26% of deaths among children under five) are due to modifiable environmental factors--and therefore can be prevented. Stroke, ischaemic heart disease, diarrhoea and cancers head the list. People in low-income countries bear the greatest disease burden, with the exception of noncommunicable diseases. The report's unequivocal evidence should add impetus to coordinating global efforts to promote healthy environments--often through well-established, cost-effective interventions. This analysis will inform those who want to better understand the transformational spirit of the Sustainable Development Goals agreed by Heads of State in September 2015. The results of the analysis underscore the pressing importance of stronger intersectoral action to create healthier environments that will contribute to sustainably improving the lives of millions around the world."--Page 4 of cover.


Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
  • Title : Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309142393
  • Pages : 348
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.


Children of Incarcerated Parents by Yvette R. Harris, PhD,James A. Graham, PhD

Children of Incarcerated Parents
  • Title : Children of Incarcerated Parents
  • Author : Yvette R. Harris, PhD,James A. Graham, PhD
  • Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
  • ISBN Code : 9780826105141
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"This important book covers developmental outcomes of children in this predicament, parenting from prison, and family reunification. It is filled with research findings and addresses clinical issues as well. Many children are affected by a parent in the criminal justice system, and this book is sorely needed. The editors and contributors have produced a wonderful resource." Score: 94, 4 stars --Doody's This book serves as a comprehensive source for understanding and intervening with children of incarcerated parents. The text examines the daunting clinical implications inherent in trauma throughout development, as well as social and political roles in ameliorating intergenerational delinquency. It conceptualizes the problem by using an ecological framework that is focused on the experience of the child. Children of Incarcerated Parents addresses developmental and clinical issues experienced throughout the trajectory of childhood and adolescence with a focus on interventions and social policies to improve outcomes for this under-studied group. The chapters explore individual, community, and national levels of policy, programming, and legislation.


Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States by National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Committee on Law and Justice,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States
  • Title : Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States
  • Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Committee on Law and Justice,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309286581
  • Pages : 478
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Every day in the United States, children and adolescents are victims of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking. Despite the serious and long-term consequences for victims as well as their families, communities, and society, efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to these crimes are largely under supported, inefficient, uncoordinated, and unevaluated. Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States examines commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents of the United States under age 18. According to this report, efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to these crimes require better collaborative approaches that build upon the capabilities of people and entities from a range of sectors. In addition, such efforts need to confront demand and the individuals who commit and benefit from these crimes. The report recommends increased awareness and understanding, strengthening of the law's response, strengthening of research to advance understanding and to support the development of prevention and intervention strategies, support for multi-sector and interagency collaboration, and creation of a digital information-sharing platform. A nation that is unaware of these problems or disengaged from solutions unwittingly contributes to the ongoing abuse of minors. If acted upon in a coordinated and comprehensive manner, the recommendations of Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States can help advance and strengthen the nation's emerging efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States.


World Report on Violence and Health by WHO,World Health Organization

World Report on Violence and Health
  • Title : World Report on Violence and Health
  • Author : WHO,World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • ISBN Code : 9789241545617
  • Pages : 346
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This report is part of WHO's response to the 49th World Health Assembly held in 1996 which adopted a resolution declaring violence a major and growing public health problem across the world. It is aimed largely at researchers and practitioners including health care workers, social workers, educators and law enforcement officials.


Understanding Violence Against Women by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on Research on Violence Against Women

Understanding Violence Against Women
  • Title : Understanding Violence Against Women
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on Research on Violence Against Women
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309175838
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Violence against women is one factor in the growing wave of alarm about violence in American society. High-profile cases such as the O.J. Simpson trial call attention to the thousands of lesser-known but no less tragic situations in which women's lives are shattered by beatings or sexual assault. The search for solutions has highlighted not only what we know about violence against women but also what we do not know. How can we achieve the best understanding of this problem and its complex ramifications? What research efforts will yield the greatest benefit? What are the questions that must be answered? Understanding Violence Against Women presents a comprehensive overview of current knowledge and identifies four areas with the greatest potential return from a research investment by increasing the understanding of and responding to domestic violence and rape: What interventions are designed to do, whom they are reaching, and how to reach the many victims who do not seek help. Factors that put people at risk of violence and that precipitate violence, including characteristics of offenders. The scope of domestic violence and sexual assault in America and its conequences to individuals, families, and society, including costs. How to structure the study of violence against women to yield more useful knowledge. Despite the news coverage and talk shows, the real fundamental nature of violence against women remains unexplored and often misunderstood. Understanding Violence Against Women provides direction for increasing knowledge that can help ameliorate this national problem.


Prisoner Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration by Daniel P. Mears,Joshua C. Cochran

Prisoner Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration
  • Title : Prisoner Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration
  • Author : Daniel P. Mears,Joshua C. Cochran
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • ISBN Code : 148331670X
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Understanding and Improving Prisoner Reentry Outcomes Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison.


Protecting Children In Substance-abusing Families by Vickie Kropenske,Judy Howard

Protecting Children In Substance-abusing Families
  • Title : Protecting Children In Substance-abusing Families
  • Author : Vickie Kropenske,Judy Howard
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9780788118265
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Designed for professionals in the fields of child welfare, mental health, health care, education, law, the faith community & substance abuse prevention & treatment. Intended to help identify the various forms of parental substance abuse. Includes a section addressing the identification of substance-abusing clients. Reviews the characteristics of substance-abusing parents.Glossary. Bibliography. Charts & tables.


Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice by Gerben Bruinsma,David Weisburd

Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Title : Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Author : Gerben Bruinsma,David Weisburd
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 9781461456896
  • Pages : 5632
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice is an international, comprehensive reference tool for the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice that is both cutting edge as well as of very high scientific quality and prestige. This 10-volume work provides a complete and systematic coverage of the field that is unprecedented. The Encyclopedia "defines the field" through its choice of organization and entries. It identifies and brings emerging ideas and trends to the forefront. The Encyclopedia covers Criminology and Criminal Justice in ten broad areas, with leading researchers writing substantive contributions within their area of expertise: Corrections and Criminal Justice Supervision in the Community Courts, Sentencing and the Judicial System Crimes, Criminals and Victims Crime Places and Situations Explanations for Criminal Behavior Forensic Science Data, Methods, and Statistics Police and Law Enforcement Psychology of Law Social Interventions and Prevention This work features approximately 600 entries, organized in alphabetical order. The work is comprised under the direction of two Editors-in-Chief in consultation with 12 Associate Editors and more than 180 Area Editors. It is an essential and dynamic reference for researchers in the fields of Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as useful a research tool for those in related fields of the social and behavioral sciences.


Handbook on Restorative Justice Programmes by Yvon Dandurand,Curt Taylor Griffiths,United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Handbook on Restorative Justice Programmes
  • Title : Handbook on Restorative Justice Programmes
  • Author : Yvon Dandurand,Curt Taylor Griffiths,United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
  • Publisher : United Nations Publications
  • ISBN Code : 9789211337549
  • Pages : 105
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The present handbook offers, in a quick reference format, an overview of key considerations in the implementation of participatory responses to crime based on a restorative justice approach. Its focus is on a range of measures and programmes, inspired by restorative justice values, that are flexible in their adaptation to criminal justice systems and that complement them while taking into account varying legal, social and cultural circumstances. It was prepared for the use of criminal justice officials, non-governmental organizations and community groups who are working together to improve current responses to crime and conflict in their community